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Full text of "The Pickering genealogy : being an account of the first three generations of the Pickering family of Salem, Mass., and of the descendants of John and Sarah (Burrill) Pickering, of the third generation"

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3  1833  01419  4549 




jFirst  %\)m  (fenerations 

*  OF 


^,_  OF  SALEM,  MASS., 




AND  .  ,  ; 


Vol.  I. 

Pages   1-287. 




^i       '      BT^<'!5i 

'  I 

Coptiright,  1S97, 
Bt  Charles  P.  Bowditch. 


TTwrrEEBiTY  Press  : 
JoHM  Wilson  and  Son,  CAMBBiDfiE,  U.S.A. 

*^  ~  ■  -. 


IN  1887  I  published,  under  the  title  of  "The  Pickering  Genealogy, 
comprising  the  descendants  of  John  and  Sarah  (Burrill)  Pickering, 
of  Salem,"  seventy  sheets  which  contained  the  names  and  dates  of  the 
birth,  death,  and  marriage  of  the  descendants  of  John  and  Sarah 
Pickering,  and  of  their  husbands  and  wives,  as  far  as  they  had  been 
ascertained.  I  stated  in  the  preface  of  the  index  to  that  publication 
that  the   general    plan  of   "The    Pickering  Genealogy"  was:  — 

First.  To  print  in  the  form  of  sheets  (like  those  to  which  this  volume  is 
an  index)  as  complete  a  list  as  possible  of  the  descendants  of  the  tirst  JOHX 
PICKERING,  who  came  to  Salem  about  1636,  tracing  out  the  female  as  fuUj 
as  the  male  descent. 

Second.  To  issue  a  book,  referring  to  the  names  on  the  sheets,  and  giving, 
as  far  as  practicable,  sketches  of  the  individuals  whose  names  are  there  recorded, 
with  statistical  information  as  to  the  size  of  families,  length  of  life,  birth  of 
twins,  preponderance  of  male  or  female  children,  etc.,  in  tlie  different  generations. 

Third.  To  trace,  either  in  the  above  book  or  on  additional  sheets,  the 
ancestry  of  the  men  and  women  who  have  married  descendants  of  John 

The  scope  of  this  plan  was  so  large  that  I  have  been  unable  to  carry 
it  out  in  full,  and  I  have  limited  the  work  in  the  fourth  and  succeeding 
generations  to  the  descendants  of  the  third  John  Pickering,  although  a 
great  deal  of  information  has  been  obtained  about  the  descendants  of  the 
other  children  of  the  second  John  Pickering  and  of  his  brother  Jonathan. 

At  the  time  that  the  sheets  were  printed,  nothing  was  known  about 
the  descendants  of  Nathaniel  Gardner  Dabney  [5.  VTI.  32]  and  of  Lois 


Pickering  [6(3.  VI.  13-i].  Since  tlien  I  liave  obtained  information  about 
these  descendants,  ■vvhicli  is  printed  on  the  new  sheets,  5,  5*,  5**,  5°,  5^ 
66,  66",  and  6G"'.  Additional  information  relating-  to  the  names  on  the 
original  seventy  sheets  is  printed  on  the  thi-ee  sheets  of  Additions  and 

In  attempting  to  cany  out  the  plan  set  forth  in  the  second  para- 
graph above  referred  to,  the  present  volumes  have  been  printed.  They 
contain,  as  far  as  practicable,  sketches  of  the  individuals  whose  names 
are  recorded  on  the  sheets ;  while  statistical  information  as  to  the  size 
of  families,  length  of  hfe,  etc.,  will  be  found  at  the  end  of  the  third 

The  plan  as  set  forth  in  the  third  paragraph  has  been  carried  out 
in  manuscript,  but  it  seems  very  doubtful  whether  it  will  be  possible 
to  print  the  ancestry  sheets  of  the  men  and  women  who  have  married 
into  the  Pickering  family,  although  I  now  have  in  manuscript  nearly  a 
thousand  pedigrees  of  these  persons. 

The  sketches  given  in  these  volumes  are,  in  many  cases,  very  short, 
which  is,  in  a  great  measure,  owing  to  the  unwillingness  of  some  fami- 
lies to  give  the  information  which  has  been  asked  for.  In  other  cases, 
the  sketches  seem  to  be  mere  eulogies,  wliich  is  owing  to  the  fact  that 
obituary  notices  taken  from  newspapers  are  very  apt  to  extol  the  vir- 
tues and  to  keep  silent  about  the  peculiarities  of  deceased  citizens. 
Through  the  seventh  generation  authorities  have  usually  been  given  in 
the  notes,  where  the  sketch  is  an  extended  one,  but  additions  have 
often  been  made  from  family  letters,  for  which  it  has  been  thought 
unnecessary  to  give  the  authorities.  Through  this  generation  also  any 
discrepancies  in  the  dates  of  birth,  death,  and  mamage,  as  given  by 
different  authorities,  have  been  stated  in  the  notes  at  the  foot  of  the 
page,  but  in  the  generations  after  the  seventh,  it  has  not  been  thought 
necessary  to  mark  these  discrepancies  with  so  great  care.  Through 
the  seventh  generation  every  name  which  appears  on  the  sheets  is 
given  in  the  text,  except  of  those  persons  who  died  at  an  early  age; 
but  after  the  seventh  generation  the  names  of  persons  have  been 
omitted    about    whom    nothing     more    was     known    than    merely    their 


birth,  death,  occupation,  or  residence.  In  carrying  out  this  plan,  I 
have  not  attempted  to  give  sketches  of  any  one  beyond  the  tenth 

I  have  endeavored  to  obtain  heliotypes  of  as  many  of  the  portraits 
of  the  men  and  women  of  tlie  earlier  generations  as  possible,  and  in 
this  endeavor  I  have  been  very  much  assisted  by  the  owners  of  these 
portraits,  with  a  single  exception.  I  have  also  included  more  than 
twenty  heliotypes  of  the  houses  which  have  been  occupied  by  various 
members  of  tlie  family. 

Among  the  material  collected  is  a  large  amount  of  data  related  to 
the  allied  families  of  the  earlier  generations,  notably  those  of  BuiTill, 
Hardy,  lugersoll,  Gardner,  Pickman,  Cabot,  Jackson,  Lowell,  etc.  It 
was  my  intention  to  print  pedigrees  of  a  number  of  these  families  in 
this  work,  and  many  had  been  partially  prepared  for  this  purpose,  but, 
owing  to  Mr.  EUery's  illness,  only  two  of  these  were  completed,  and 
these,  relating  to  the  Burrill  and  Orne  families,  will  be  found  in  their 
proper  places. 

In  the  sketches  which  are  given  in  the  work,  figui-es  which  appear 
against  the  proper  names  —  as,  for  instance,  5.  VI.  2  —  refer  to  the 
sheet,  generation,  and  the  indi\adual,  respectively.  The  names  and 
numbers  in  brackets  which  follow  the  name  of  the  individual  refer  to 
his  or  her  parent  on  the  Pickering  side.  Then  follow  the  place  of 
birth  and  death,  and  the  occupation  and  residence,  as  far  as  known,  — 
the  residence  and  occupation  given  referring  to  the  last  residence  and 
the  usual  occupation.  The  word  "  probably "  is  often  used  in  connec- 
tion with  the  place  of  birth  or  death,  where  no  exact  infonnation  on 
this  point  was  found,  but  where  there  was  very  little  doubt  on  the 

It  has  often  been  difficult  to  decide  upon  the  form  of  spelling  which 
belongs  to  both  the  Christian  name  and  the  surname.  For  instance, 
Lowell  appears  to  have  formerly  been  spelled  Lowle ;  Raymond  was 
formerly  spelled  Rayment;  Orne,  Home,  etc.  As  a  rule,  the  modern 
spelling  has  been  adhered  to.  In  some  cases,  an  unusual  spelling  has 
been  accepted  on  the  authority  of  the  family. 


The  term  "Aiice.-try  Tables,"  as  used  in  the  text,  refers  to  the 
manuscript  ancestry  sheets  in  my  possession.  Where  tliese  words  are 
preceded  by  tlie  word  "  See,"  tables  of  more  or  less  extent  exist,  but 
where  the  words  "  Ancestry  Tables "  are  used  by  themselves,  it  merely 
shows  that  a  number  is  rt-servL-d  for  the  ancestry  of  the  individual  after 
whoso  name  these  words  occur.  In  tracing  back  the  ancestry  of  those 
who  have  married  into  the  family,  I  have  gone  back  only  to  the  first 
immigrant,  and  have  not  included  in  the  lists  the  names  of  those  who 
lived  or  died  on  the  other  side  of  the  ocean. 

The  names  which  follow  in  the  text  after  the  words  "His  (or  her) 
ancestry  includes  the  following  families,"  refer  to  the  stocks  of  the 
individual    as  far  as  I    have    been   able   to   ascertain   them. 

An  index  of  names  has  been  added  to  the  third  volume,  containing  an 
alphabetical  list  of  all  persons  whose  names  appear  in  the  following 
pages;  and  an  index  of  families  is  also  appended,  containing  an  alpha- 
betical list  of  the  family  stocks  from  which  the  consorts  of  the  mem- 
bers of  the  Pickering  family  have  drawn  their  birth,  and  thus  showing 
the  common  ancestry  of  these  consorts.  I  have  not  thought  it  wise 
to   increase  the  size  of  these  volumes  by  adding  an   index  of  places. 

The  statistical  tables  at  the  end  of  the  third  volume  explain  them- 
selves. These  tables  were  compiled  several  months  ago,  and,  therefore, 
do  not  include  all  the  names  which  have  been  collected  while  the 
volumes  were    passing   through  the   press. 

In  the  collection  of  material  for  this  work,  in  preparing  it  for  the 
press,  and  in  the  tabulation  of  the  Ancestry  Tables,  Mr.  Harrison 
EUery  has  devoted  nearly  ten  years  of  his  life.  He  has  travelled  over 
most  of  the  New  England  States ;  has  examined  state,  county,  town, 
and  church  archives ;  has  transcribed  many  inscriptions  from  grave- 
stones; has  considted  very  many  town  histories,  works  on  family 
genealogies,  and  files  of  newspapers;  has  visited  many  families,  and 
has  conducted  a  wide  correspondence.  To  him,  therefore,  belongs,  to 
a  very  large  extent,  the  credit,  as  well  as  the  responsibility,  of  this 
work.  And  it  is  a  very  great  sorrow  to  me  that,  owing  to  an  acute 
attack    of    a   disease   of    his   eyes,    Mr.    Ellery   was    unable  to   finish    his 


work.  I  must,  tln-refore,  ask  the  indul<,^euce  of  my  readers  for  wliat- 
ever  imperfections  may  be  found  in  the  hist  one  hundred  and  fifty 
pages  of  the  text,  whicli  liave  passed  through  the  press  under  my  care. 
In  preparing  the  Ancestry  Tables  and  the  sketches  contained  in 
these  volumes,  I  have  received  most  valuable  assistance  from  members 
of  the  family,  and  from  others  who  have  taken  an  interest  in  the  work. 
Among  those  to  whom  I  am  especially  indebted  are  Francis  H.  Lee, 
Esq.,  George  R.  Curwen,  Esq.,  Perley  Derby,  Esq.,  Samuel  H.  Gooch, 
Esq.,  and  Miss  Sai-ah  Clark. 


December  1,  1897. 



Preface      v 

The  Name  of  Pickering  ix  England 1 

Pickering  Coats  of  Arms  in  England  and  America 10 

Other  Settlers  of  the  Name  of  Pickering 14 

First  Generation 17 

Second           "             28 

Third            "             44 

Fourth          "            67 

Fifth             "             88 

Sixth             "            176 

Seventh        "            288 

Eighth           "             498 

Ninth             "             773 

Tenth            "            1009 

Index  of  Names 1089 

Index  of  Families 1179 

Tables  of  Statistics 

BuRRiLL  Pedigree Between  pages  46  and  47 

Oene               " "           "      68  "    69 


Pickering  House  in  Salem Frontispiece 

Ruins  of  i'ickering  Castle to  face  page  I 

Seal  of  John  Pickering  [III] 10 

Pickering  Coat  of  Arms 11 

Silver  Watch  and  Seal  of  Timothy  Pickering  [V] 12 

Agreement  between  the  Town  of  Salem   and  John  Pickering  [I]   for  Building  a 

Meeting-house 18 

Deed  of  Pickering  Land  in  Salem 20 

Back  of  Fire-place  in  Pickering  House  in  Salem 23 

Interior  of  East  Room  in  Pickering  House,  showing  Furniture  made  by  Rev.  Theoph- 

ilus  Pickering  [IV] 24 

Communion  Service  given  to  the  First  Church  in  Lynn  by  John  Burrill  and  Theoph- 

ilus  Burrill 48 

Commission  of  William  I'ickeriug  [III] 57 

Portrait  of  Lois  (Pickering)  Orne  [lY] 67 

"          Esther  (Orne)  Gardner  [V] 90 

"          Samuel  Gardner  \Y} 91 

Gardner  Coat  of  Arms 94 

Portrait  of  Timothy  Orne  [V] 95 

House  of  Timothy  Orne  [\^ 96 

Portrait  of  Rebecca  (Taylor)  Orne  [V] 97 

House  of  James  Diman  [\^] 98 

Portrait  of  Isaac  Peirce  [V] 106 

House  of  John  Clarke  [V] Ill 

Portrait  of  Mary  (Pickering)  Leavitt  [V] 112 

"          Rev.  Dudley  Leavitt  [V] 113 

"          Lydia  (Pickering)  Williams  [V] 118 

House  of  Rev.  Paine  Wingate  [V] 128 

Portrait  of  Timothy  Pickering  [V] 133 

"          Rebecca  (White)  Pickering  [V] 160 


I'ortrait  of  Lucia  (Pickoriug)  Dodge  [V] to  face  page  IQZ 

"          Israel  Dodge  [V] 165 

"          Esther  (Gardner)  ^Mackcy  [VI] I79 

"         Daniel  Mackey  [VI] 180 

"          Rev.  Thomas  liarnard  [VI] 181 

House  of  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard  [VI] 183 

Portrait  of  Elizabeth  (Gardner)  Dabuey  [VI] 185 

"          Rebecca  (Orne)  Cabot  [VI] 186 

"         Joseph  Cabot  [VI] 187 

House  of  Joseph  Cabot  [VI] 187 

Portrait  of  Elizabeth  (Pynchon)  Orne  [VI] 188 

House  of  Clark  Gayton  Pickman  [VI] 189 

Portrait  of  Lois  (Orne)  Paine  [VI] 189 

"          William  Paine  [VI] 190 

House  of  AVilliam  Paine  [VI] 192 

Portrait  of  Rev.  John  Clarke  [VI] I93 

"          Eunice  (Diman)  ^Nfason  [VI] 196 

"          Thomas  Jlason  [VI] 196 

House  of  Jonathan  Haraden  [VI] 198 

Portrait  of  Eunice  (Orne)  Green  [VI] 200 

"          Rev.  Aaron  Green  [VI] 201 

House  of  John  Orne  [VI] 203 

Portrait  of  Benjamin  Goodhue  [VI] 207 

House  of  Benjamin  Goodhue  [VI] 208 

Portrait  of  Frances  (Richie)  Goodhue  [VI] 209 

House  of  Joohua  Phippen  [VI] 211 

Portrait  of  Joseph  Peirce  [VI] 213 

"          Ann  (Dawes)  Peirce  [VI] 216 

"          Isaac  Peirce  [VI] 218 

Peirce  Coat  of  Arms 225 

House  of  Jerathmeel  Peirce  [\T] 226 

Portrait  of  Ichabod  Xichols  [VI] 228 

"          Francis  Cabot  [VI] 234 

"          Mary  (Lcavitt)  Orne  [VI] 234 

"          Samuel  Williams  [VI] 239 

"          Mary  (T\'il]iams)  Pratt  [VI] 243 

"          William  Pratt  [VI] 244 

"          Stephen  Williams  [VI] 245 

"          Loammi  Baldwin  [VI] 247 

"          Charles  Williams  [VI] 249 


Portrait  of  Samuel  Blauchard  [VI] to  face  page  21'.) 

"  Samuel  Pickering  Gardner  [\'I] 250 

"  Rebecca  Russell  (Lowell)  Gardner  [VI] 251 

"  Sarah  (Gooll)  Putnam  [VI] 252 

"  Samuel  Putnam  [VI] 253 

House  of  Samuel  Putnam  [VI] 254 

Portrait  of  George  Wingate  [VIj 256 

"  John  Pickering  [VI] 258 

Houses  of  John  and  Henry  Pickering  [VI] 261 

Portrait  of  Henry  Pickering  [VI] 263 

"  Octavius  Pickering  [VI] 2tJ5 

"  Jane  (Pratt)  Pickering  [VI] 266 

"  Elizabeth  (Pickering)  Dorsey  [VI] 269 

House  of  Hammond  Dorsey  [VI] 270 

Portrait  of  Pickering  Dodge  [VI] 273 

"  Rebecca  (Jenks)  Dodge  [VI] 273 

House  of  Pickering  Dodge  [VI] 273 

Portrait  of  John  Stone  [VI] 274 

"  Eliza  (Dodge)  Devereux  [VI] 275 

"  Humphrey  Devereux  [VI] ojg 

House  of  Humphrey  Devereux  [\'I] 277 

Portrait  of  George  Gardner  Lee  [VII] 290 

"  William  Colman  Lee  [VII] 292 

"  Benjamin  Carpenter  [VII] 293 

"         Joseph  Lee  [VII] 294 

"  Henry  Lee  [VII] 300 

"         Edward  West  [VIT] 303 

"  Elizabeth  Gardner  [VII] 3O7 

"  Esther  0.  (Paine)  Cabot  [VII] 313 

"  Catherine  S.  P.  (Orne)  Gushing  [VII] 3I4 

"  Ichabod  Tucker  [VII] 3I8 

House  of  Icliabod  Tucker  [VII] 3J8 

Portrait  of  Harriet  (Paine)  Rose  [VII] 319 

"  Joseph  Warner  Rose  [VII] 320 

"  Harriet  (Orne)  Emerson  [VII] 332 

"  Hubbard  Emerson  [VII] 330 

"  Sophia  B.  P.  (Orne)  Spencer  fV^II] 333 

"  Henry  Prince  [M^I] 333 

«  William  Ward  [VII] 337 

"  Jonathan  Goodhue  [VII] 344 


Portrait  of  CatLerme  K.  (Clarkson)  Gooilhuc  [VII] to  face  page  ^& 

"  Joseph  Hardy  Peirce  [VII] 353 

"  Ann  (Peirce)  Lathrop  [VII] 355 

"  Solomon  Towne  [VII] 368 

"         George  Mcliols  [VII] 380 

House  of  George  Nichols  [VII] 381 

Portrait  of  Betsey  (Peirce)  Nichols  [VII] 382 

Ichabod  Nichols  [VII] 383 

"         William  Kopes  [VII] '. 388 

John  Bertrain  [VII]       402 

Joseph  Orne  [VII] 410 

"  Mary  H.  (V\^hite)  Gile  [VII] 411 

Elizabeth  L.  (Payson)  Goddard  [VII] 412 

«  Dudley  Leavitt  Pickman  [VII] 414 

House  of  Dudley  Leavitt  Pickman  [VII] 414 

Portrait  of  Theodore  Lyman  [VII] = 418 

"  Mary  E.  (Henderson)  Lyman  [VII] 420 

Charles  Pickering  [VIl]      ....,.■ 452 

«  Mary  J.  (Dodge)  Jenks  [VII] 460 

Lucy  P.  (Dodge)  Allen  [VII] 460 

John  Eiske  Allen  [VII] 461 

House  of  John  Henry  Silsbee  [VII] 463 

Portrait  of  Lucy  P.  (Stone)  Robinson  [VII] 464 

John  Robinson  [VII] 465 

John  Clarke  Lee  [VIII] 499 

Harriet  P.  (Rose)  Lee  [VIII] 500 

Henry  Wheatland  [VIII] 518 

Bailey  Loring  [VIII] 520 

"  Thomas  Wren  Ward  [VIII] 554 

«  Lydia  (Gray)  Ward  [VIII] 555 

"  Mary  Orne  Pickering  [VIII] 677 

«         Richard  Saltonstall  Rogers  [VIII] 685 



No  connection  between  any  family  of  Pickerings  in  England  and  John 
Pickering  of  Saleui  has  as  yet  been  established;  and,  in  fact,  no 
special  effort  has  been  madw  to  discover  such  a  connection.  Plence  this 
preliminary  chapter  is  devoted  simply  to  showing  hoAv  the  name  of  Pickering 
existed  in  England  for  several  centuries  before  the  settlement  of  this  coun- 
try, and  to  stating  in  a  general  way  its  position  there  to-day. 

The  derivation  and  meaning  of  surnames  are  generally  matters  of  con- 
jecture, and  most  of  the  books  which  attempt  to  explain  them  are  tmsatis- 
factory.  In  only  two  of  these  works  have  we  found  the  name  of  Pickering 
mentioned.  One  of  them,  "  The  Nomian  People,"  gives  Beckering  and 
Pickering  as  having  the  same  coats  of  arms.  The  different  Beckering  arms 
which  Burke  gives  vai-y  but  slightly.  One  is  chequy  argent  and  gules,  a 
bend  sable.  The  same  author  gives  several  Pickering  coats  of  arms,  and 
only  one  of  them  is  similar  to  this  Beckering  one.  Mark  Antony  Lower 
says:  "Some  printers  in  recent  times  have  imitated  their  typographical 
ancestors  by  the  introduction  of  their  rebus  on  titlepage.  Some  of  ^h: 
Pickering's  books  have  an  anticjue  device  representing  a  '  pike  and  a  ring.'  " 
In  his  "  Patronymica  Britannica"  he  gives  us  no  additional  information. 
He  merely  says:  "Pickering— A  market  town  in  the  N(orth)  Pi(iding)  of 
Yorkshire.  The  name  is  widely  spread  over  many  counties,  and  there  are 
about  twenty  coats  assigned  to  it." 

The  name  is  doubtless  territorial,  as  the  prefix  "de"  shows.  It  is  still 
continued  in  the  market  town  of  Pickering,  where  stand  the  ancient  ruins 
of  Pickering  Castle.     The  town  and  castle  have  been  described  as  follows: 

"  Pickerin<T  (which  g-ives  the  name  to  the  wapentake)  is  a  .small  market  and  parish 
town,  eight  miles  from    Kiikhy  Moorsidc,   and  nineteen  from   Scarborough.      The 


murket  is  held  on  Monday ;  and  there  are  fairs  on  the  Monday  before  February  14:, 
Monday  before  May  13,  September  25,  and  tlic  Monday  before  November  23.  In  1821 
this  town  contained  two  thousand  seven  hundred  and  forty-six  inhabitants. 

'•  This  town  belonj^s  to  the  duchy  of  Lancaster,  having  jurisdiction  over  several 
neighboring  villages,  called  the  honour  of  Piclcering.  It  is  a  place  of  great  antiquity, 
and  formerly  sent  two  members  to  parliament,  but  it  no  longer  retains  that  privilege. 
The  town  is  long  and  straggling,  Ijut  is  pleasantly  situate  on  an  eminence,  at  the 
bottom  of  which  runs  a  brook  called  Pickering  beck. 

"The  church,  an  ancient  and  spacious  building,  witli  a  lofty  spire,  is  dedicated  to 
Saint  Peter.  Xear  (lie  nurthcrn  extremity  of  the  town  stands  the  castle,  which  is  now 
in  a  very  ruinous  state  ;  and  part  of  the  ground  within  the  walls  is  converted  into 
gardens.  The  brow  of  the  hill  commands  a  delightful  view  over  the  vale  of  Pickering, 
celebrated  for  its  fertility.  In  the  reign  of  King  Henry  III.,  William  Lord  Dacre  was 
owner  of  this  castle  and  lordship;  it  afterwards  became  the  property  of  Edmund 
Plantagenet,  second  son  of  King  Ilenry  III.,  who  was  succeeded  by  his  son,  Thomas 
Plantagenet,  Earl  of  Lancaster :  in  the  tyrannic  reign  of  Edward  II.  he  was  beheaded 
at  Pontefract,  in  the  year  1322.  This  manor  and  castle,  with  all  its  appendages  were 
afterward  given  to  the  Lady  Blanch,  then  the  wife  of  John  of  Gaunt,  duke  of  Lan- 
caster. Richard  II.  was  for  some  time  imprisoned  in  the  castle  here,  before  his 
removal  to  Pontefract.  This  castle  was  of  an  irregular  figure :  in  the  first  court  were 
four  towers,  one  of  which  was  called  Rosamond's  tower  ;  in  the  inner  court  were  three 
towers,  beside  the  keep,  which  stood  on  a  circular  mount,  surrounded  by  a  deep  ditch. 
The  whole  of  this  once  stupendous  castle  is  now  a  mass  of  ruins.  Pickering  forest 
was  an  appurtenance  to  the  castle,  and  was  very  extensive.  There  is  here  a  subscrip- 
tion library,  and  an  endowed  free  school.  The  town  has  an  ancient  honour  coni't  for 
the  recovery  of  debts,  and  the  trial  of  actions,  where  the  matter  in  dispute  does  not 
exceed  the  value  of  40s."  ^ 

Mention  of  this  castle  and  forest  is  frequently  made  in  ancient  English 
records.  In  "  Syllabus  of  Rvmer's  Fanlera,"  Vol.  I.  p.  G7,  is  tlie  following: 
"Henry  III.,  Aug.  8,  1201,  H.  abp.  of  Canterbury  sends  a  copy  of  a  bull  of 
pope  xMex.  (IV.)  by  which  he  excommunicates  Hugh  le  Bigod,  unless  he 
gives  up  the  castles -of  Scarbnro'  and  Pickering."  On  page  184,  the  name  is 
again  mentioned:  "Oct.  G,  1314,  commission  to  Robert  de  Pickeryng,  dean 
of  York  and  others,  to  treat  with  the  embassadors  of  Robert  de  Brus,  respect- 
ing a  truce." 

It  seems  highly  probable  that  the  Pickering  family  derived  Its  name 

•  A  New  and  Complete  History  of  the  County  of  York,  by  Thomas  Allen,  Vol.  6,  pp. 


from  this  town  of  Pickering ;  perhaps  it  originated  here.  However  this 
may  be,  Pickering  is  certainly  a  name  of  great  antiquity,  and  was  borne 
by  a  family  whose  services  and  alliances  were  most  impoitant.  Like 
most  surnames,  it  has  been  variously  spelled,  but  rarely,  if  ever,  in  such 
a  way  that  it  could  be  mistaken  for  any  other  name.  In  early  works  the 
"  c "  is  generally  omitted,  and  the  name  is  commonly  written  Pikering, 
Pykering,  Pykeryng,  or  something  resembling  one  of  these  three. 

Many  publications  of  the  Public  Record  Office  of  Great  Britain  have 
been  examined,  and  it  is  found  that  in  most  of  them  the  name  appears  to  be 
both  that  of  a  place  and  of  an  individual. 

It  is  unnecessary  for  our  purpose  to  give  all  the  passages  where  the 
name  occurs,  but  a  few  are  cited. 

In  1203,  Robert  de  Pickering  appears  in  the  Charter  Rolls. 

"  Abbreviatio  Rotulorum  Originalium,"  (Edw.  I.)  Vol.  I.  p.  133,  gives 
Jlagi*  Witts  de  Pykering,  and  in  the  second  volume  of  the  same  work 
several  others  of  the  name  appear. 

"  Taxatio  Ecclesiastica,"  taken  about  1291  ;  "Rotuli  Litterarum  Paten- 
tium"  (Edw.  I.)  ;  and  tlie  Hundred  Rolls  (Edw.  I.)  abound  in  the  name. 

Thomas  de  Pikering,  Chivaler,  is  found  in  "  Calendarium  Inquisitio- 
num  Post  Mortem"  (Edw.  III.);  and  the  name  of  Pickering  occurs  in 
many  other  places  in  the  various  records  of  this  character.  In  one  of  these 
works,  "The  Parliamentary  Writs,"  under  the  head  of  Alphabetical  Digest, 
Vol.  I.  p.  782,  and  Vol.  II.  pp.  1290-1291,  we  find  several  persons  of  the 
name,  viz.  : 

1324.  Adam  de  Pikering,  Bailiff  of  the  Libertj  of  Scarboronirh.  17  Ed.  II. 

1311.  John  de  Pikering,  Citizen  returned  for  Canterbury -Parliament  at  London. 

1813.  John  Pikerins:  Manucaptor   of   Johannes    de  V^vuonia,  Knt  of  the  Shire, 

ret'd  for  Wilts,  6  Ed.   II. 

1313.  John  de  Pikering  obtains  a  pardon,  as  an  adherent  of  the  Earl  of  Lan- 
caster for  his  participation  in  the  death  of  Gavaston  and  the  disturbance  occasioned 
thereby.  Tested  at  Westm'  16  Oct.  7  Ed.  IL 

1316.  Richard  de  Pikering  .  .  .  certified,  pnrsnant  to  writ  tested  at  Clipston, 
5  March,  as  one  of  the  Lords  of  the  Township  of  Oswald  Kirk  and  Lord  of  Ample- 
furth,  in  the  County  of  York  9  Ed.  IL 

1314.  Roger  de  Pikering,  Burgess  returned  to  Parliament  for  Leicester. 

1318.    Roger  de  Pikering  as  one  of  the  adherents  of  Thomas,  Earl  of  Lancaster, 


obtains  a  pardon  for  all  felonies  and  trespasses  ciimniitted  Ky  him  up  to  tlie  7lh 
August  then  last.     Tested  at  York  1  Nov.  12.  Ed.  11. 

1301,  2,  5,  7.    ^Villiam  de  Pikering  summoned  to  Parliament. 

1307.    Ambassador  to  Rome  ;  canon  of  Cathedral  of  Lineoln. 

1294.    Tiiomas  de  Pikering,  Assessor  and  Collector  in  the  County  of  Westmorland  ; 

1300.  Ri-turned  from  the  Wapentake  of  Herthill  in  the  county  of  York,  as  hold- 
ing lands  or  rents  either  in  Capite  or  otherwise  to  the  amount  of  i!4rO  yearly  value, 
and  upwards,  and  as  such  summuned  under  the  general  writ  to  perform  military 
service  against  the  Scots. 

1309.  Commanded  to  repair  to  his  demesnes  in  thr  Jlaiehes  in  order  to  defend 
the  same  against  the  Scots. 

1312.  Summoned  to  appear  before  the  King  at  York  to  treat  upon  certain 
arduous  affairs. 

1312.  Summoned  to  meet  the  King  at  Pontbell  or  Battle  Bridge  to  do  and  perform 
what  should  be  then  and  there  enjoined. 

1316.  Certified  as  one  of  the  Lords  of  the  Township  of  Ellerton  ^  in  the  County 
of  York. 

Robert  de  Pikering  (Jlagistcr  Robertus  de  Pikering,  Pykcring,  Pykeryngg)  was 
summoned  to  Parliament  from  the  year  1301  to  1325,  almost  continuously.  In  1302, 
March  18,  he  was  .summoned  to  give  counsel  on  the  King's  affairs. 

1305.  '•  One  of  the  Canons  of  the  Cathedral  of  York  .  .  .  the  King  addresses 
a  writ  to  the  Chapter,  requesting  that  he  may  be  cxcuseil  from  residence  whilst 
attending  the  '  Council' in  Loudon.''  The  same  year  summoned  to  appear  at  the 
E.xchequer  at  York  prepared  and  ready  to  proceed  aa  the  King's  Ambassador  to  the 
Court  of  Rome. 

1307.  One  of  the  Canons  of  the  Cathedral  of  Lincoln,  appears  as  the  Procurator 
of  the  Chapter  at  Parliament  at  Carlisle. 

1322.  Robert  de  Pikering,  a  townsman  of  CambridLre  charged  with  having 
joined  in  the  great  riot  against  the  University.  Sjn'cial  eununission  of  oyer  and 
terminer  issued  for  trying  him.     Tested  at  York  IS  ifay,  15  Ed.  II. 

From  these  sources  and  the  county  histories  it  would  appear  that  the 
name  of  Pickering  at  this  early  period  was  confined  to  tlie  northern  counties. 
In  fact,  at  no  time  have  we  fouiul  tlie  name  prevailing  in  the  south  of 

The  following  accounts  are  extracts  from  the  county  histories  of 

*  In  1410,  the  family  seat  was  still  at  Elh'rton,  for  Thomas  Palmes,  Esq.,  in  that  year 
married  a  daiii^liter  of  Juhn  Pickering,  Ksip,  of  Ellrrton.  (Burke's  Commoners,  Vol.  I.  p. 

Yorkshire,  Engl.a.nd. 

f  T-'  ^^rn^mr^^-rr^' 

, .  =;ii':s"W' 




The  History  of  Westiuorlund  iind  Cumberland  stiites  ibat, — 

"Killiugton  and  Fiibaiik  were  aacieutly  one  manor.  The  latter  was  not  so-called 
as  having  heretofore  been  planted  with  hr-trees ;  for  the  ancient  name  of  it  univer- 
sally was  Frithbank." 

"In  the  rei'j;n  of  king  Edward  the  first  we  find  one  William  de  Frithbank  a  juror 
on  several  imiuisitions  post  mortcin  of  the  Taleboid  family  :  But  the  manor  at  the 
same  time  was  in  the  name  and  family  of  Pickering.  The  of  the  name  of  Pick- 
ering that  came  to  Killiugton,  was  William  de  Pykcringo,  son  of  Thomas,  in  the 
reign  of  king  Henry  the  tliird.  For  in  the  44th  year  of  that  king,  Peter  de 
Brus  the  third,  grants  to  William  de  Pykcringe  the  manor  of  Killington  :  To  hold 
to  the  said  'William  and  his  heirs  and  to  his  assigns  (except  Jews  and  religious 
persons),  of  him  the  said  Peter  and  his  heirs  in  fee  with  all  the  game  thereof  and 
other  appurtenances  whatsoever.  Saving  to  him  the  said  Peter,  during  his  life, 
freedom  of  chase  for  himself  or  his  men,  at  their  pleasure,  within  the  boundaries  of 
the  said  manor ;  yet  so,  that  neither  he  nor  any  for  him  shall  have  entry  into  the 
inclosed  grounds  to  make  chase.  Rendering  for  the  same  yearly  a  pair  of  gilt  spurs, 
or  sixpence,  at  the  Feast  of  Pentecost ;  and  doing  service  of  the  iOth  part  of  one 
knight's  fee  when  occasion  shall  be,  for  all  services,  suits  of  court,  and  other  customs. 
He  grants  moreover  to  the  said  William,  his  heirs  and  assigns,  that  they  shall  have 
the  same  liberty  in  pursuing  the  game  out  of  the  boundaries  of  Killington  as  far  as 
the  limits  of  that  part  of  the  forest  of  the  Hay,  which  belongs  to  "Walter  de  Lindesay 
and  in  driving  back  the  same  with  their  men  and  dogs,  which  he,  the  said  Peter  him- 
self, had :  So  nevertheless  that  they  shall  claim  no  such  liberty  in  the  said  Peter's 
part  of  the  forest  of  the  Hay." 

Tlien  follows  a  genealocry  of  the  Pickering  family.  The  Pickering 
arms  are  given  as  ermine,  a  lion  rampant  azure,  crowned  or.^ 

The  following  condensed  account  is  taken  from  the  History  of  North- 
amptonshire :  '^ 

William  Earl  of  Worcester  in  seventh  year  of  Edward  VI.  having  obtained  a 
fresh  grant  of  the  manor  of  Tichmersh  sold  it  with  the  advowsons  of  Tichmersh  and 
Aldwincle  to  Gilbert  Pickering,  and  to  John,  James,  and  Boniface,  sons  of  the  said 
Gilbert.     In  the  thirty-third  year  of  Queen  Elizabeth  died  John  Pickering,  Esq. 

*  The  History  and  .Vntiquities  of  the  Counties  of  Wpstmorland  and  Cumberland,  by 
Joseph  Nicolson,  Esq.,  and  Eichard  Burn,  LL.D.  Vol.  I.  pp.  261 -203.  Page  408  gives 
an  account  of  the  Pickering  family  of  Crosby. 

'  The  History  and  Antiquities  of  Xorthamptonshire,  compiled  from  the  manuscript 
collection  of  the  late  learned  antiquary,  John  Bridges,  Esq.,  by  the  Kev.  Peter  Whalley. 
Vol.  II.  pp.  383-387. 


Gilbert  Pickering  descended  from  an  ancient  and  rcsjirctable  family  in  the 
county  of  Westmorland.  lie  was  second  son  to  John  Pickering  of  Gretton  in  this 
county,  second  son  of  Sir  James  Pickering  of  Wynunderwater,  Knt. 

Gilbert  Pickering  held  employment  under  the  Lord  Treasurer  Burleigh. 

On  the  north  side  of  the  chancel  of  the  church  of  Tichmersh  the  principal  burial 
place  of  the  Pickerings,  are  several  monumental  inscriptions  to  members  of  the 
family.  Against  the  north  wall  is  a  monument  to  Sir  John  Pickering,  of  Tichmersh, 
Knt.  who  died  in  the  year  1627  on  which  it  says  "  Here  are  also  interred  diverse  of 
the  lineal  ancestors  of  the  first  named  Sir  John."  "This  monument  was  erected  in 
the  year  1608  by  the  last  named  Sir  John  Pykeriug  in  memory  of  his  pious  ances- 
tors and  relations  who  (according  to  the  direction  of  the  Holy  Apostle)  were  rich 
in  good  works,  ready  to  distribute,  willing  to  communicate.  St.  Paul  to  Timothy." 
There  is  also  a  monument  "  In  memory  of  the  late  Reverend  and  Learned  Theophilus 
Pickering,  D.D."  who  died  20  March  1710.  It  bears  a  long  inscription,  setting  forth 
his  good  works.     He  was  son  of  Sir  Gilbert  Pickering,  Bart.^ 

The  following-  account  is  taken  from  "  The  Topographer  and  Gene- 
alogist" from  -which  it  appears  that  a  family  of  Pickerings  located  at 
Charleston,  S.  C,  were  descended  from  the  occupants  of  Thelwall  Manor. 

"  The  Pickerinors  who  were  next  in  possession  of  the  manor  of  Thelwall  -were  of 
a  very  ancient  descent  in  the  county  of  Chester,  and  appear  to  have  been  from  time 
immemorial  landed  proprietors  in  that  palatinate.  In  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth 
they  were  settled  at  Walford  in  the  parish  of  Runcorn  which  had  long  been  the  seat 
of  their  ancestors,  and  the  names  of  members  of  the  family  for  successive  generations 
will  be  found  in  the  early  registers  at  Daresbury." 

After  reciting  the  pedigree  at  length,  the  account  goes  on  :  — 

"  John  Pickering,  Esq.,  elder  son  and  heir  was  born  in  1645  and  was  entered  a 
student  of  Gray's  Inn,  anno  lOGl.  He  was  shortly  after  called  to  the  Bar  by  that 
Society,  but  succeeding  to  an  amf)le  fortune  did  not  long  continue  in  practice." 

"  His  third  son  was  Danby  of  London,  merchant  and  had  numerous  issue." 

A  foot-note  adds  the  following  account  of  Danby's  children  :  — 

"  Several  of  his  sons  went  out  in  early  life  and  settled  in  Xorth  America.  One 
of  them,  Samuel  Pickering,  died  a  merchant  at  Charlestown,  South  CaroUna,  in  1737. 

>  See  a  pedigree  of  the  family  of  Gilbert  Pickering  in  A  Genealogical  and  Heraldic 
History  of  the  Commoners  of  Great  Britain  and  Ireland  by  John  Burke.  Vol.  II.  pp. 
191- 195. 


Auother  member  of  the  same  branch  of  this  family,  Joseph  Pickering,  Esq.  died 
shortly  after  his  return  from  Suutli  Carolina  in  1757.  Tliere  is  the  following  memo- 
rial to  him  in  Wiiippiugham  church-yard  near  East  Cowes,  Isle  of  Wight :  '  Here  rest 
the  remains  ot  Mr.  Joseph  Pickering,  merchant,  who  died  at  Southampton,  21st  July, 
1757,  aged  36  years.  And  was  interred  at  this  place,  at  his  own  request,  a  few  weeks 
after  his  arrival  from  Charlestown,  South  Carolina,  where  many  years  he  conducted 
business  with  credit  to  himself,  integrity  to  his  friends  and  emoUunent  to  his  family. 
In  remembrance  of  his  social  and  domestic  virtues  this  stone  is  inscribed  by  his 
afflicted  widow.'  The  last  survivor  uf  this  branch  of  the  family  was  Michael  Picker- 
ing of  Stepney,  brother  of  the  last  named  Joseph."  ^ 

From  Smith's  "  Old  Yorkshire  "  we  make  the  following-  abstract:  — 

About  half  way  between  Leeds  and  Dewsbury,  Yorkshire,  stands  Tingley  Hall. 
Just  beyond  the  fence  wall  separating  the  Park  from  the  road  is  Tingley  Burial 
Ground,  which  more  than  two  centuries  ago  belonged  to  a  small  body  of  Congrega- 
tional Dissenters  or  Independents  who  worshipped  in  a  chapel  at  Topcliffe.  The 
chapel  was  built  and  given  to  the  Independents  by  Mr.  John  Pickering,  son  of  Captain 
Thomas  Pickering,  an  old  Republican  officer  who  lived  in  the  neighborhood.  In 
addition  to  the  gift  of  the  chapel  it  is  said  that  Mr.  Pickering  gave  a  handsome  piece 
of  ground  at  Tingley  for  a  burial  place,  and  had  wholly,  or  partly,  built  a  wall  round 
it  at  his  own  expense.  The  church  records  connected  with  the  Independents  at 
Topcliffe  are  preserved  in  manuscript  and  commence  Feb.  5,  1653,  evidently  indicat- 
ing the  society's  origin. 

Among  the  chief  heads  of  families  of  the  society  at  Topcliffe,  of  which 
there  were  about  thirty,  was  Captain  John  Pickering,  whose  death  is  thus 
recorded  in  the  Register  of  Topcliffe  as  quoted  in  "  Old  Yorkshire." 

"1699.  Our  bond,  elder  Mr.  John  Pickering  (who  built  the  buring  place)  dyed 
about  4  in  ye  afternoon  and  was  buried  in  the  75th  year  of  his  age.  —  Apl.  22." 

"  Thoresby  in  his  diary  records  :  —  'Pastor  Elston  was  married  in  1685  to  Miss  Mary 
Pickering,  grand-daughter  of  Captain  Thomas  Pickering,  an  old  Republican  Officer.'  "- 

From  "  The  Registers  of  Topcliffe  and  Morley  "  we  make  the  following 
quotations  :  — 

"The  Church  met  for  worship  in  Topcliffe  Hall,  then  inhabited  by  Captain  Picker- 
ing, a  person  in  whom  Cromwell  expressed  great  confidence." 

"  '  Here  lyeth  interred  the  bodi  of  Captain  John  Pickering  who  died  the  18th  of 
April,  1699,  in  the  year  of  his  age  75,  and  also  of  Deborah  his  wife  who  died  Novem- 

*  The  Topographer  and  Genealogist,  Vol.  I.  pp.  441-4."3,  by  John  Gough  Xichols. 

*  Old  Yorkshire,  edited  by  TVilliam  Smith,  Vol.  I.  pp.  IDG,  lOS. 


ber  oth,  1*3^3  in  the  TO  year  of  her  age,  daugliter  to  Horatio  Eure,  Esquire,  and  sister 
to  the  Right  Hnuoural)le  Lords  G.  and  R.  Etire.'  (The  fine  parchment  pedigree  of  the 
Lords  Eure,  with  special  reference  to  the  Pickerings  of  Tingley,  the  Heskeths,  and  the 
Swaines,  is  preserved  at  Braboeiif  Manor,  Guildford.;  " 

" '  Here  lyeth  interred  the  body  of  Robert  Pickeringe  Preacher  of  the  Gospell  att 
Morley  wlio  accounted  himself  the  meanest  servant  in  the  work  of  Christ,  who  de- 
parted this  life  October  the  11th  1G80.    Master  of  Art,  Sidney  College,  Cambridge.' "  ^ 

It  would  be  natural  to  look  for  scions  of  so  prolific  n  stock  in  London  ; 
and  we  find  that  it  flourished  there  at  least  one  hundred  years  before  the 
emigration  to  New  England ;  also,  at  that  period  and  later,  the  name 
frequently  appears  in  the  parish  registers  of  London,  printed  by  the 
Harleian  Society.  The  Visitation  of  London  gives  a  brief  pedigree  of  one 
branch  of  the  family. 

The  following  abstracts  of  English  Wills  are  interesting,  one  of  which 
gives  three  well-known  Salem  names,  and  the  other  shows  that  there  was 
an  Edward  Pickering  in  London  who  was  interested  in  New  England,  and 
who  had  a  son  John  Pickering  whose  birth  must  have  taken  place  about 
the  time  of  our  John  Pickering's  birth,  which  was  in  1615. 

"  Thomas  Gardener,  citizen  and  grocer  of  London ;  23  Aug.  1590,  proved  24  Oct. 
1590 ;  wife  Kutherine,  cosen  John  Gardener,  sons  Thomas,  Christopher  and  Jeremy, 
cosen  Richard  Grafton,  Henry  Pickering  and  others.     Drury  L.  69."  ^ 

"  Edward  Pickeringe,  1  July  1623,  proved  26  August  1623.  To  my  loving  and 
dear  wife  ^fary  Pickeringe  eight  hundred  pounds.  To  my  dear  and  tender  father 
John  Pickeringe  one  hundred  and  fifty  pounds,  to  be  kept  in  the  hands  of  my  execu- 
tors «fcc.  and  disposed  of  for  his  benefit.  I  give  unto  my  dear  child  John  Pickeringe, 
my  first  born  son,  three  hundred  pounds.  Similiar  bequests  to  daughters  Sinseare 
and  Mary  Pickeringe.     To  Francis  Stubb  my  brother  in  law  fifty  pounds. 

"  '  Item,  I  giue  unto  that  hopefuU  worke  begunn  in  Newe  England,  to  be  ymployed 
and  layed  out  for  the  benefitt  and  helpinge  ouer  those  Englishe  people  whoe  dwell 
in  Laydon  thether  with  the  first  fiftie  poundes.'  To  Randall  Thickens,  my  loving 
friend,  ten  pounds.  To  certain  friends  here  in  London  ten  pounds  (if  the  accounts 
prove  overplus).  The  residue  to  be  divided  equally  into  five  equal  portions  to  be 
distributed  between  ray  wife,  my  father  and  my  three  children.     I  appoint  my  friends 

*  The  Registers  of  Topcliffe  and  Morley,  in  the  West  Riding  of  the  County  of  York, 
edited  by  William  Smith,  pp.  4,  6,  50. 

^  Gleaning  from  English  Records,  by  Emmerton  and  Waters,  Essex  Institute  Historical 
Collections,  Vol.  XVII.  p.  40. 


Mr.  James  Sherley  and  Mr.  Ricliard  Aiidrovi-es  fur  executors   and  my   good  friend 
and  brother  Mr.  Thomas  White  and  Mr.  Julia  Jftubbe  for  overseers.     Swann,  80."  ' 

At  the  present  time,  tlie  name  in  England  seems  to  be  widely  spread. 
The  London  Dii-ectory  for  lS8a  gives  forty-one  persons  of  the  name  of 
Pickering,  twenty-eight  under  the  head  of  "  Commercial  "  and  thirteen 
under  the  head  of  "  Court."  The  Boston  Directory  for  1892  gives  thirty- 
seven  persons  of  tlie  name. 

The  return  for  1872  and  1873  of  the  owners  of  land  in  England  and 
Wales,^  a  work  intended  to  show  the  number  and  names  of  owners  of  land, 
whether  built  upon  or  not,  in  each  county,  with  the  estimated  acreage  and 
annual  gross  estimated  rental  of  the  property  belonging  to  each  owner, 
etc.,  contains  the  names  of  eighty -four  landholders  by  the  name  of  Pickering 
in  England  and  Wales ;  also  two  in  Scotland,  and  three  in  Ireland. 

None  of  these  are  large  landholders,  the  largest  owning  four  hundred 
and  forty-five  acres,  and  tlie  smallest,  one  acre. 

It  is  an  interesting  fact  that  the  northern  counties,  as  in  ancient 
times,  continue  to  be  the  home  of  the  name  ;  for  there  are  none  mentioned 
in  this  work  who  hold  land  in  Cornwall,  Devon,  Dorset,  Essex,  Hereford, 
Kent,  Monmouth,  Salop,  Somerset,  Surrey,  Sussex,  Wilts,  or  Worcester. 
Yorkshire  heads  the  list  with  twenty-eight  proprietors. 

»  The  New  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Register,  Yol.  XLIX.  pp.  369-370. 
"  Return  of  Owners  of  Land  in  England  and  Wales  [exclusive  of  the  Metropolis],  Vols. 
I.  and  II. ;  Yol.  HI.  Scotland ;  Yol.  lY.  Ireland. 


THE  first  approach  to  heraldry  that  we  have  been  able  to  find  in  the 
Pickering  family  of  Salem,  is  on  the  will  of  John  Pickering  [1-70. 
III.  1],  a  grandson  of  the  original  settler.  His  will  was  proved  July  19, 
1722,  and  is  signed  and  sealed  by  him.  The  impression  of  the  seal  is  an 
excellent  one,  and  shows  a  lion  rampant,  the  well-known  device  of  the 
Pickerings.  The  heliotype  here  given,  was  taken  from  the  original  will 
which  is  on  file  among  the  Essex  County  Probate  Records  in  Salem.  No 
impression  of  a  date  earlier  than  1722  has  been  found,  which  may  be  ex- 
plained by  the  scarcity  of  original  papers  on  which  a  seal  would  be  used, 
and  therefore  we  cannot  detenuine  whether  it  belonged  to  a  former  genera- 
tion or  not. 

The  next  knowledge  we  have  on  this  subject  is  from  a  correspondence 
between  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  [58.  V.  24]  and  the  Rev.  Joseph  Pick- 
ering, of  Wickham,  near  Fareham,  Hampshire.  England,  in  which  the  latter 
inquired  whether  their  ancestry  was  the  same,  and  whether  they  bore 
the  same  arms  and  crest.  Colonel  Pickering  replied  to  this  letter  as 
follows :  — 

"  Theophihis  *  Hved  a  bachelor  and  died  in  1747,  -trhcn  I  was  two  years  old.  He 
was  critically  exact  in  all  his  affairs  and  notices  of  things.  Ho  left  (I  believe  his 
own  drawing)  what  have  been  considered  the  family  arms,  —  a  lion  rampant,  in  a  field 
ermine,  witli  a  helmet  for  a  crest.  Such  is  my  recollection  of  the  arms  ;  for  the 
drawing  remains  at  Salem.  We  pay  little  regard  to  these  matters  which  are  of  no 
use  amongst  us,  unless  to  trace  family  connections  and  distinguish  seals.  There 
has  been  a  tradition  in  the  family  that  our  first  American  ancestor  came  from  York- 
shire. Perhaps  this  circumstance  with  the  detail  I  have  given,  may  enable  you  to 
communicate  more  accurate  information  of  my  ancestry  than,  in  this  country,  we 
have  the  power  to  acquire." 

'  For  an  account  of  Theophilus  [48.  TV.  8],  see  p.  75  of  this  work. 


[i-7c.    III.    I.] 

From  his  original  Will  in  the  Essex  CouNrv  Probate  Record  Office, 
Salem,  Mass. 

hi    ^   f^  o  s< 

['  ;-:-v:  '?x-'_'  "j-  -V  1"~: 



From  an   Embroidkkv  wrought  bv  Sarah    Pickering  [4S.     V.     17.].  1 

'"5j'  ^'l^^^'    'N    THE    POSStbSION    OF   JoHN    PlCKERINci,   ESQ  ,   SaI.EM,  MaSS. 


In  his  reply  of  June  30, 1797,  the  Eev.  ]\rr.  Pickering  wrote  us  follows  :  — 

"  Your  anus  and  mine  arc  exactly  similar,  and  that  circumstance  I  consider  proof 
enough.  Our  Crests  are  different,  but  that  is  not  material,  since  crests,  the  heralds 
tell  us,  are  mere  matters  of  caprice  and  fancy  and  may  bo  varied  at  pleasure,  and 
therefore  are  never  allowed  to  be  of  any  weight  in  the  tracing  of  pedigrees."  ^ 

The  Rev.  Mr.  Pickering  was  right  in  his  remarks  upon  crests;  but  Colonel 
Pickering  fell  into  an  error  when  he  called  the  helmet  on  his  shield  a  crest. 
The  helmet  is  not  a  crest.  Its  use  is  entirely  optional,  and  it  should  never 
be  mentioned  in  a  blazon  of  arms.  Its  place  is  between  the  shield  and  the 
crest,  resting  upon  the  shield.  In  early  times,  before  the  general  use  of 
crests,  the  shield  was  usually  surmounted  by  a  helmet. 

The  next  example,  which  is  reproduced  here,  bears  the  date  of  1753. 
It  is  a  Pickering  coat  of  arms  embroidered  by  Sarah  (Pickering)  Clarke 
[48.  V.  17],  a  niece  of  the  Rev.  Theophilus  Pickering.  Possibly  this  piece 
of  work  was  made  by  her  from  the  di-awing  before  mentioned.  Her  name, 
with  the  date  of  1753,  is  -embroidered  beneath  the  shield.  No  crest  is 
given.  This  coat  of  arms  is  still  hanging  in  the  entry  of  the  old  Pickering 
house  in  Salem.  There  is  still  another  example  of  these  arms,  in  the  form 
of  a  hatchment,  which  was  probably  worked  by  Abigail  (Pickering)  Bald- 
win [70.  V.  32],  a  cousin  of  Sarah  Pickering,  and  from  whom  it  descended 
to  her  niece  Hannah  (Pickering)  Siraonds  [69.  VI.  141],  and  from  her  to 
her  daughter  Hannah  M.  (Simonds)  Clark,  of  Lynn,  in  whose  possession  it 
was  a  few  years  ago. 

There  are  also  several  seals  engraved,  with  arms  and  crests,  now  in  the 
possession  of  Henry  Pickering  [58.  VII.  334],  of  Boston.  The  oldest  of 
these,  which  from  its  antique  and  quaint  design  may  antedate  the  embroi- 
deries, is  a  silver  seal  engraved  ermine,  a  lion  rampant,  crest  a  demi-lion. 
This  seal  is  attached  by  a  ribbon  to  a  silver  watch  which  belonged  to  Henry 
Pickering's  grandfather.  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering.  It  was  used  by 
Colonel  Pickering  to  seal  his  letters,  and  impressions  from  it  are  still  on  the 
letters  addressed  to  his  wife.  This  watch  is  in  fine  order,  and  on  the  inside 
of  it  is  engraved  tlie  maker's  name  :  —  "  Pitt,  London,  No.  946."  A  helio- 
type  of  tbe  watch  and  seal  is  here  given. 

*  For  this  correspondence,  see  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham, 
Vol.  III.  pp.  303-SOG. 


Anotlior  of  tliu  seals  is  of  carneliaii  set  in  goKl,  and  bears  the  crest  a 
demi-lion,  under  which  is  the  nlono^■ram  of  Ilenry  Pickering  [58.  VI.  111]. 
Another  carneHan  seal  set  in  goM  is  cut  with  the  Pickering  arms  quarter- 
ing those  of  White,  and  with  botli  the  Pickering  and  White  crests.  A  later 
cornelian  seal  set  in  gold  bears  the  crest  a  demi-lit)n,  and  the  monogram  of 
Octavius  Pickering,  Ilenry  Pickering's  father. 

John  Pickering  [58.  VI.  lO'J]  had  his  bookplates  engraved  ermine,  a  lion 
rampant,  while  his  brother  Henry  Pickering  had  for  his  bookplate  a  crest 
of  a  demi-lion,  with  his  name  underneath.  Several  of  these  last  plates  are 
owned  by  Henry  Pickering  [r)8.  VII.  334],  and  books  containing  the  book- 
plates of  John  Pickering  are  now  in  possession  of  the  latters  son,  Henry 
White  Pickering,  of  Boston. 

The  numerous  Pickering  coats  of  ai-ms  which  appear  in  Burke's  General 
Armory  '  are  given  below  :  — 

"  Pickering  (Tichmarsh,  co.  Xorthampton  ;  descended  from  Gilbert  Pickering, 
esq.,  who  purchased  the  manor  of  Tichmarsh,  Uinp..  Elizabeth,  from  William,  Earl 
of  Worcester.  Gilbert,  wlio  was  son  of  John  Pickering,  of  Gretton,  and  grandson, 
by  Margaret  his  wife,  dau.  and  lieir  of  Lascells  of  Esrick,  co.  York,  of  James  Picker- 
ing of  Winderwath,  co.  Westmoreland,  m.  Elizabeth,,  dau.  of  John  Stanbank,  and  was 
great-grandfather  of  Sir  Gilbert  Pickering,  of  Tichn>arsh,  created  a  Baronet  of  Nova 
Scotia).  Quarterly,  first  and  fourth,  erm.  a  lion  ramp.  az.  crowned  or,  for  Pickerint,  ; 
second  and  third,  ar.  three  chaplets  gu.  for  Lascells.  Crest  —  a  lion's  gamb  erect  and 
erased  az.  armed  or. 

"Pickering.  (Old  Lodge  and  Clapham,  co.  Surrey  ;  as  borne  by  Edward  Rowland 
Pickering,  of  Old  Lodge,  esq.  son  of  the  late  Edward  Lake  Pickering,  of  the 
Exchequer  Office,  Temple,  esq.,  by  .Mary  his  wife,  only  dau.  and  heir  of  Wdliam 
Umfreville,  esi].  a  lineal  descendant  of  the  ancient  baronial  family  of  Umfreville). 
Erm.  a  lion  ramp.  az.  armed  gu.  crowned  or,  quartering  Umfreville,  Meres,  and 
Weld.   Crest  —  A  lion's  gamb  erect  and  erased  az. 

"  Pickering.    The  same  Anns.    Crest,  A  lion's  gamb  couped  az. 

"  Pickering  (Wallford,  co.  Chester).  Erm.  a  lion  ramp.  az.  crowned  or,  within 
a  bordure  of  the  second,  charged  with  eight  plates.  Crest  —  A  lion's  gamb  erect  and 
erased  az.  entiled  with  a  ducal  coronet  or. 

'  Encyclopcedia  of  Heraldry  or  General  Armory  of  England,  Scotland,  and  Ireland,  by 
John  Rurke,  Esq.,  and  John  Bernard  Burke,  Esq.  Third  Edition  with  a  Supplement, 
London,  1844. 


[5S.     V.     24] 
Now    IN   THK    POSSESSION    OF    HenRV    PICKERING,  EsQ.,  OF    BOSTON. 


"  I'lCKEitiNc;  (CliL'shiie  and  Yorkshire).  Gu.  a  fesso  ar.  fretty  az.  betw.  six  annulets 

"  Pickering  (Paxton,  co.  Huutinqdon).  The  same  Arms  as  of  Tichmarsli. 

"  PiCKKUi.NG  (Alkmonbery,  co.  Hiiutingdon).  Gu.  a  fish  naiaut  iu  fesse,  betw.  three 
annulets  ar. 

"  Pickering  (Xorthamptonshire).  Or,  a  fesse,  per  fesse  crenellee,  gu.  and  az. 
betw.  three  cock's  lieads  erased  vert,  combed  and  wattled  of  the  second. 

"Pickering  (Nottingham).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or,  as  many 

"  Pickering  (Nottinghamshire).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  ar.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or, 
as  many  pellets.     Crest  —  A  leopard's  head  or. 

"  Pickering  (Tablehnrst  and  East  Grinstead,  co.  Sussex).  The  same  Arms  and 
Crest,  as  of ;  on  the  arms  a  crescent  on  a  crescent  for  diff. 

"  Pickering  (VDiaddon,  co.  Cambridge  ;  as  borne  by  Sir  Henry  Pickering,  who 
purchased  the  manor  of  Wiiaddon  in  1G48,  and  was  created  a  Baronet  2  January, 
lGGO-1).     As  Pickering  of  Tichmarsh. 

"  Pickering  (Thorpe's  Lodge,  Yorkshire).  Erm.  a  lion  ramp.  az.  crowned  or. 
Crest  —  A  lion's  gamb  erased  and  erect  az.  armed  or. 

"  Pickering  (Yorkshire).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or,  as  many 

"  Pickering.   Or.  (another,  ar.)  a  lion  ramp.  sa.  within  a  borduro  gu.  bezant^e. 

'•  Pickering.    Gu.  a  chev.  between  three  fleurs-de-lis  or.     Crest  ■ —  A  fleur-de-lis  or. 

"  Pickering  (Tiirelkeld,  co.  Cumberland).     Erm.  a  lion  ramp.  az. 

"Pickering  (Hartford,  near  Northwich,  co.  Chester).  Erm.  a  lion  ramp.  az. 
ducally  crowned  or.  Crest  —  A  dcnii-grifhn  sa.  beaked  and  membcred  ar.  grasping  a 
wheat-sheaf  or. 

"  Pickering  (Coram,  in  Coveidale,  co.  York  ;  now  represented  by  William  Henry 
Pickering,  esq.  Captain  in  the  Royal  Artillery).  Gu.  on  a  chev.  betw.  three  fleurs- 
de-lis  or,  three  annulets  sa.     Crest  —  A  lion's  gamb  erect  and  erased  az. 

"Pickering.  Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  az.  ducally  crowned  or.  Crest  —  A  sword  erect 
ppr.  hilt  and  pomcl  or,  within  two  branches  of  laurel,  disposed  in  orle,  vert. 

"Pickering.   Ar.  a  lion  ramp.  az.  crowned  or. 

"  Pickering.  Gu.  a  fesse  ar.  betw.  six  annulets  or.  (Another  adds,  on  the  fess 
an  ogress.) 

"  Pickering.    Cliequy  ar.  and  gu.  a  bend  sa. 

"  Pickering.    Gu.  on  a  chev.  ar.  betw.  three  fleurs-de-lis  or,  as  many  hurts. 

"  Pdckering  (Weston,  co.  Hertford  and  Warwickshire),  sa.  a  bend  fusily  cotised 
ar.  Crest  —  A  buck  ramp,  (another  courant)  or. 

"Puckering  (Flamborough,  co.  York  ;  confirmed  ^G  June,  1579).  Sa.  a  bend  of 
lozenges  betw.  two  bendlets  ar. 

"  Puckering.    Sa.  five  fusils  in  bend  cotised  ar." 


IT  is  well-kno^vn  tliat  the  Salem  family  of  Pickering  was  not  the  only  one 
of  that  name  to  establish  itself  in  this  country.  While  John  Picker- 
ing resided  at  Salem,  another  John  Pickering  was  living  in  Portsmouth, 
N.  H.,  of  whose  family  the  late  ^Ir.  R.  H.  Eddy  printed  a  small  and  very 
incomplete  genealogy,  in  which  the  opinion  is  given  that  they  were  in  all 
probability  cousins.  We  do  not  know  the  basis  of  his  opinion,  as  he  gives 
no  reason  for  it.  W^e  have  never  met  with  any  traditions  or  documents  that 
indicate  such  a  relationship.  In  that  genealogy,  it  is  stated  that  John 
Pickering  came  to  Portsmoutli  from  Massachusetts,  in  1G33.  There  was 
a  John  Pickering,  of  Cambridge,  Mass.,  who  by  his  wife  Mary  had  a 
daughter  Lydia,  born  Nov.  5,  1638  ;  and  also  one  John  Pick  who  by  his 
wife  Mary  had  a  daughter  Abigail,  born  April  22,  1642.  Pick  and  Pick- 
ering are  thouglit  to  be  ditferent  forms  of  the  same  name.  Savage  thinks 
that  he  was  identical  with  John  Pickering,  of  Portsmouth,  who,  he  states, 
was  in  that  town  in  1635,  and  may  have  been  there  as  early  as  1630.  This 
seems  possible,  as  the  name  disappears  from  Cambridge  after  the  birth  of 
this  child  of  1642. 

There  was,  in  Watertown,  a  John  Pickeram  or  Pickram,  husband  of 
Esther  Pickeram,  buried  Dec.  10,  1630,  aged  60,  and  Jane,  daughter  of  the 
same,  buried  Dec.  13,  1G30,  and  John,  son  of  same,  buried  July  6,  1639. 
Esther  Pickeram  was  a  proprietor  in  1636-7.  George  Pickeram  was  a 
proprietor  in  1642.  Sept.  1,  1646,  George  Pickeram,  of  Watertown,  and 
Esther  his  mother,  sold  to  Joshua  Stubbs  and  Abigail  Benjamin,  his  mother- 
in-law,  a  house  and  16  acres,  and  other  lots  of  land.  They  probably  soon 
left  Watertown,  for  their  names  were  not  found  there  in  the  division  of  land 
in  1G52.     Savage  thinks  this  may  be  the  same  as  Pickering,  which  seems 


plausible.^  Perhaps  the  John  Picteram  who  died  at  Watertown,  in  Decem- 
ber, 1G30,  was  the  same  man  who  was  sentenced,  Sept.  28,  1630,  to  sit  in  the 
stocks  at  Salem.  In  1630,  our  John  Pickering  was  but  fifteen  years  old, 
and  was  probably  still  living  in  England ;  for  he  is  not  found  here  till 
1634,  when  he  Avas  living  in  Ipswich,  and  appears  not  to  have  removed  to 
Salem  until  1637.     The  account  of  this  case  is  as  follows  :  — 

"A  Court  of  Assistants  liolden  att  Charlton  28*  of  SeptemV,  1630.  It  is  ordered, 
that  John  Goul worth  shall le  wliipped,  and  afterwards  sett  in  the  stocks,  for  fellony 
comitted  by  him,  wlicreof  hee  is  convicted  by  his  owne  confession ;  also,  that 
Henry  LyQ  shalbe  whipped  for  the  like  offence,  &  John  Boggust  cfc  John  Pickryn  to 
sitt  in  the  stocks  4  bowers  togeath',  att  Salem,  for  being  accessary  tlierevuto." ' 

These  are  the  only  instances  of  the  name  whicli  we  have  found  in  New 
England  at  so  early  a  period ;  and  of  these,  apparently,  John  Pickering,  of 
Portsmouth,  and  John  Pickering,  of  Salem,  were  the  only  ones  who  founded 
permanent  families. 

In  the  Middle  and  Soutliern  States,  we  find  tliat  the  name  existed  at  a 
somewhat  later  date.  Sept.  17,  1689,  a  Charles  Pickering,  of  Philadelphia, 
merchant,  gave  bond  witli  Jane  Bartholomew,  widow  and  administratrix  of 
George  Bartholomew  of  Phihidelphia.'  One  of  the  earliest  attorneys  of 
Philadelphia  was  a  Pickering.  In  Charleston,  South  Carolina,  as  has  been 
previously  stated,  there  were  Pickerings  in  the  early  part  of  the  last 
century.  In  the  island  of  Barbados,  W.  I.,  there  was  a  family  of  the 
name  of  Pickering  well  settled  in  the  parish  of  St.  Lucy  sometime  before 
1700.  The  name  still  exists  in  the  West  Indies.  A  descendant  of  this 
family,  Rev.  Joseph  Pickering,  of  Wickham,  Hampshire,  England,  con-es- 
ponded  with  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  on  the  subject  of  family  history, 
and  claimed  khiship  when  he  found  that  the  Salem  family  and  his  own 
used  the  same  coat  of  arms. 

*  See  the  History  of  Cambridge,  Mass.,  by  Lucius  K.  Paige,  p.  627 ;  Genealogical 
Dictionary  of  Xew  England,  by  James  Savage  ;  Genealogies  of  Watertown,  by  Henry  Bond, 
p.  406. 

'  Records  of  the  Governor  and  Company,  of  the  Massachusetts  Bay,  in  New  England, 
102S-1641,  edited  by  Nathaniel  B.  Shurtleff.  :>r.D.,  Vol.  I.,  p.  77. 

'  The  Bartholomew  Genealogy,  by  G.  W.  Bartholomew,  p.  420. 


Of  all  the  families  mentioned,  the  two,  oriyiiuitiny  at  Portsmouth,  and 
at  Salem,  have  been  the  most  prolific,  the  most  important,  and  the  most 
widely  known.  The  Portsmouth  family  has  been  one  of  local  importance 
for  more  than  two  centuries. 

Altliough  no  relationship  is  known  to  exist  between  the  two  families, 
there  was  certainly  a  marked  similarity  in  their  names,  their  character,  and 
their  official  and  social  standing. 

The  heads  of  the  two  families  were  both  named  John ;  both  came  to 
the  towns  of  their  choice  at  about  the  same  time,  and  both  acquired  land 
by  grant  or  purchase,  part  of  which  has  continued  in  their  families  to  the 
present  day.  Each  had  a  sou  John  who  took  a  leading  part  in  their  re- 
spective towns.  Both  of  these  second  Johns  were  officers  in  the  militia 
and  held  a  large  number  of  town-offices  by  election  of  the  citizens,  while 
many  of  their  descendants  for  several  generations  were  noted  for  their 
strength  of  body  and  will,  and  for  their  remarkable  longevity.  The  name 
of  the  Salem  family  has  been  given  to  Fort  Pickering,  Pickering  School, 
and  Pickering  Street  in  Salem,  and  to  Pickering  Avenue  and  Pickering 
Place  in  Boston.  There  are  several  towns  in  the  United  States  bearing 
this  name,  viz.:  Pickering,  Marshall  Co.,  Iowa;  Pickering,  Nodaway  Co., 
Missouri ;  Pickering,  Chester  Co.,  Pennsylvania ;  Pickerington,  Fairfield 
Co.,  Ohio. 


1-70.  I.  1.  John  Pickering,  the  founder  of  tlie  Pickering  family  in 
Salem,  was  born  in  England,  in  1G15,  according  to  a  record  made  in  the 
family  Bible  of  his  grandson  John  Pickering.  Tradition  says  that  he  came 
from  Yorksliire,  England.  Tins  is  quite  probable,  but  by  no  means  certain. 
He  is  said  to  have  been  living  in  Ipswich,  ^lass.,  between  163-4  and  1637. 
lie  was  living  in  Salem  in  the  early  part  of  the  year  1637,  as  we  learn 
from  the  following  entry  in  the  Salem  town  records:  "  7  of  12  mo:  1636 
[that  is,  Feb.  7,  1637]  Jn°.  Pickering,  Carpenter  granted  to  be  inhabitant."' 
Shortly  after  this  he  was  guilty  of  irregular  action  in  fencing  land  with- 
out the  consent  of  the  autliorities,  as  appears  from  the  following:  "  17"'of 
2  mo  :  1637  [April  17,  1G37]  That  wheras  Jn°.  Pickering  hath  tensed  in,  a 
portion  of  the  Towns  Land  [contrary]  w'^out  Consent  from  y'  Towne  A  fine 
of  Twenty  shillings  therfore  we  think  meet  should  be  Leuied  vpon  him, 
but  being  [a]  full  court  [doth]  not  assent  hear\Tito :  we  tlierfore  whose 
names  ar[e  here]  vnderwrit  doe  ptest  ageanst  all  disorderlie  Lay[ing]  out 
of  Land  in  thes  Limitts  of  Salem."  ^  This  method  of  acrpiiring  land  seems 
not  to  have  been  uncommon,  for  we  find  that  other  citizens,  and  even  so 
prominent  a  man  as  ^Major  William  Hathome,  transgressed  in  the  same  way. 
At  a  town-meeting  held  in  Salem  on  the  25th  of  the  10th  month,  1637  [Dec. 
25,  1637]  it  was  agreed  that  the  marsh  and  meadow  land  that  had  formerly 
laid  in  common  to  the  town,  should  be  appropriated  to  the  inhabitants. 
Jtdin  Pickering's  name  is  in  the  list  as  the  grantee  of  one-half  an  acre,  and 
the  ninnber  in  his  family  is  put  down  as  two.^  The  loth  of  the  3d  month, 
1G39  [May  15,  1639],  he  requested  a  farm  at  the  south  end  of  tlie  long  pond, 
going  to  Lynn,  which  he  received,^  as  the  town  records  state  that  "  S'"  of 
the  6"  moneth  1639  [August  8,  1639]  at  a  priuate  towne  meeting  C4raunted 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IX.  p.  35.  *  Ibid.  Vol.  IX.  p.  87. 

'  Ibid.  Vol.  IX.  p.  46. 

•  Ibid.  Vol.  IX.  pp.  61,  103. 


to  John  Pickcringe  50  acres  of  land  beyond  the  "West  pound  lying  next  to 
Lin  bownds  to  be  layed  out  by  the  towne."  ' 

He  had  a  grant  of  four  poles  of  ground  near  his  house  the  29  of  the 
9th  month,  1642  [Nov.  2'J,  1642],-  and  at  a  town-meeting  held  the  17th  of 
the  10th  month,  1649  [Dec.  17,  1G49],  it  was  ordered  that:  "Wheras  good- 
man  Pickerin  left  some  pt  of  his  ffarme  by  running  of  lin  lyne  it  is  ordered 
that  the  layers  out  shall  lay  out  soe  much  as  neare  as  they  can  adioyning 
to  the  rest  of  his  land."  ^  He  also  acquired  other  land  by  purchase,  as  will 
appear  later. 

It  has  been  seen  that  he  was  by  trade  a  carpenter,  which  vocation  he 
probably  combined  with  agriculture.  The  only  knowledge  we  have  of  his 
services  as  a  builder  is  derived  from  the  Salem  town  records,  where  we 
find  a  contract  between  him  and  the  town  for  building  a  meeting-house  in 
1639.     A  facsimile  of  this  contract  is  here  given. 

"We  suppose  his  work  on  the  meeting-house  was  satisfactory,  for  we 
find  him  again  employed  by  the  town  to  keep  the  bridge  in  repair,  as  is 
shown  in  the  following  order  :  — 

"  At  a  generall  Towne  meeting  held  the  XXV"'  of  the  first  moneth  1644.  [March 
25,  1644.] 

"  It  is  ordered  &  agreed  w""  the  consent  of  John  Pickeringo  that  the  Bridge  shall 
be  kept  in  repaire  by  John  Pickeriuge  for  sixteene  yeares  to  come,  for  W"  the  Towne 
is  to  giue  him  twentie  shillings  a  yeare.  excepting  the  finding  of  the  planke  or  new 
planking  thereof  w'""  is  to  be  done  at  the  chardge  of  the  towne.  bnt  for  the  mending 
of  any  planks  to  sett  in  a  plank  twoe  or  three  ||  ns  neede  shall  require  || ,  that  is  to 
be  done  at  the  chardge  of  John  Pickeringe.  And  ||  it  is  ordered  |j  that  he  shall  be 
paid  out  of  the  rates  yearly  or  allowed  in  his  owue  rate."  ■* 

From  the  following  it  would  seen\  that  John  Pickering  did  not  always 
keep  the  bridge  in  a  satisfactory  state  of  repair. 

"  23  of  the  11  mo  1645  [Jan.  23,  1646]  Inioyned  John  Pickering  f&rthw'^  to  re- 
payre  the  bridge."  ^ 

*  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IX.  p.  89. 
»  Ibid.  Vol.  IX.  p.  113. 

»  Ibid.  Vol.  IX.  p.  162. 

*  Ibid.  Vol.  IX.  p.  127.  '  Ibid.  Vol.  IX.  p.  140. 

Made  betwlen  the  Town  ok  Salem,  M.ass.,  and  John  Pickering 

[1-70.    I.     I.]     10    ELILLi    A    MeETING-HoUSE. 
From  thf:  ortgi.val  Town  Records  of  Salem. 


At  a  meeting  held  tlic  IGth  of  the  12  month,  1645  [Feb.  16, 164G],  it  was 
j,a>nerally  agreed,  "  That  the  Timber  bridge  at  the  Townesend  shalbe  pulled 
downe,  or  so  much  of  it  as  shall  be  needfull  when  the  Causeway  is  begun 
to  be  made."  '  Probably  the  bridge  was  reconstructed,  or  a  new  one  built, 
for  on  the  26th  of  the  8th  month,  1646  [Oct.  26,  1646],  tlie  following  order 
was  passed :  — 

"  It  is  ordered  by  the  Towne  that  the  eight  pound  &  fowre  shillings  due  from 
John  Pickering  in  regard  of  liis  defect  in  building  the  old  l)ridge  it  his  agreemt  vnder 
his  hand  to  pay  it  to  the  building  of  the  last  bridge  for  w"'  hee  hath  giuen  securitie 
A  Bull  &  a  Cow,  The  Towne  doeth  agree  that  the  said  Bull  k  Cow  shall  be  sould 
forthwith  II  unless  hee  giue  otlier  satisfaction  ||  to  be  prized  by  3  indilferent  men. 
The  one  to  be  chosen  by  the  said  Jo  :  Pickering  &  an  other  by  the  Towne  &  the  third 
to  be  the  niarshall  ||  to  prize  them.  ||  k  if  the  said  Jo  :  Pickering  refuseth  to  choose 
any,  the  Marshall  is  to  choose  one  for  him,  &  the  Cattle  to  be  deliuered  into  the 
hands  of  Mr.  Garford  &  Mr  ffogge. 

"  It  is  agreed  that  Thomas  Wheeler  shall  worke  at  the  bridge  worke  w'"  hee  is  con- 
tented to  doc.  k  he  is  to  haue  2'  6''  a  day  till  the  bridge  worke  be  ended  if  hee  work 
so  long.  But  the  said  Tho:  Wheeler  doeth  binde  himselfe  to  worke  there  10  dayes 
together  if  wether  will  pmit  k  to  begin  vpon  the  sixth  day  of  this  weeke  :  k  is  to  be 
paid  in  come  or  cattle  at  the  M'chants  price."  ^ 

It  would  appear  from  the  following  extract  from  the  memorandum-book 
of  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering,  that  John  Pickering  at  one  time  contemplated 
moving  from  Salem  :  — 

"  It  rests  on  my  mind,  that  when  a  boy  my  father  told  me  that  my  first  American 
ancestor  (1  mean  the  John  Pickering  who  came  from  Old  England)  made  a  journey 
from  Salem  to  Connecticut,  with  a  view  to  find  land  for  a  plantation  on  which  he 
might  settle  ;  but  returning  in  the  winter  season,  his  feet  and  legs  got  frozen,  which, 
rendering  him  a  cripple  for  life,  put  an  end  to  the  project."  ^ 

The  following  statement  in  regard  to  the  family  estate  is  taken  from 
the  same  memorandum-book  :  *  — 

*  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IX.  p.  141. 
'  Ibid.  Vol.  IX.  pp.  144-145. 

*  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  his  son  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  pp.  4-5. 

*  The  following  description  of  this  memorandum-book  is  found  on  page  3  of  the  life 
"f  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering:  "A  brief  account  of  the  first  settler 
iaJ  of  his  descendants,  was  collected  by  the  subject  of  these  Memoirs  from  various  family 


"  Tlie  lot  of  laud  on  which  my  brother  [Jolui  rickoriiiL;]  now  dwells  has  for  a 
long  period  belonged  to  the  fauiily."  ' 

Octaviiis  Pi(  kering-,  in  the  lite  of  his  fatlier,  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering-, 
quotes  the  ;ibovo  passage  from  his  uiemoraudum-book,  and  adds  the  follow- 
ing foot-note :  — 

"It  was  purcliascd  by  the  first  settler  (John  Pickering)  in  1642  who  built  upon 
it  a  wooden  liousc,  of  which  the  frame  is  in  part  still  standing  and  in  a  sound  condi- 
tion. J.  P.  It  is  now  ownod  and  occupied  by  John  Pickering,  a  grandson  of  Colonel 
Pickering.  0.  P." 

This  land  was  bought  of  Emanuel  Downing.  The  original  deed  is  still 
in  possession  of  the  Pickering  family,  and  hangs  in  the  old  mansion.  The 
heliot3-pe  which  is  here  given,  was  taken  directly  from  the  deed.  The 
story  is  told  in  Salem  that  the  land  was  sold  by  Mr.  Downing  to  pay  for 
the  Commencement  Dinner  of  his  son,  Sir  George  Downing,  who  graduated 

papers  in  the  year  1793  and  entered  in  a  meraoramluni  book  kept  bj'  him."  This  memoran- 
dum-book, or  a  copy  of  it,  has  been  added  to  and  annotated  both  l)y  Colonel  Pickering's 
son  Octavius,  and  his  granddaughter  Mary  Orne  Pickering.  It  is  now  at  the  old  home- 
stead in  Salem.  A  copy  has  been  made  by  Francis  H.  Lee  [1.  IX.  9],  of  Salem  and  anno- 
tated by  him. 

The  original  book  is  prefaced  as  follows  :  — 

Pnir.ADiiLPHiA,  April  14,  1793. 

"  Family  attachment,  the  interest  we  naturally  take  in  Events  relative  to  our  an- 
cestors —  the  curiosity  (perhaps  the  vanity)  we  are  disposed  to  indulge  in  tracing  our 
descent,  —  and  the  gratification  it  may  afford  to  my  posterity,  induce  me  to  mark 
such  simple  facts  relative  to  the  family  of  which  I  am  a  member,  as  have  come  to 
my  knowledge;  though  it  will  amount  to  little  more  than  the  noting  of  their  births 
and  deaths.  ,,  Timothy  Pickeeixg." 

After  a  record  of  the  births  and  deaths  of  John  and  Sarah  (Burrill)  Pickering's 
children,  it  contains   the  following  statement :  — 

"  The  preceding  account  of  births  marriages  and  deaths  of  my  ancestors  and  their 
children  I  transcribed  on  the  24"'-  of  ilarch  17G3  on  a  loose  paper  from  a  manuscript  of  my 
uncle  Theophilus  Pickering  who  at  the  foot  subjoined  the  following  certificate  '  Copia 
Vera  ab  originalis  bibliac  patris  inscripto  a  me  Theophilo  Pickering  accurate  deducta 
Septembris  23,  1719.'  From  that  loose  paper  I  have  taken  the  preceding  account  preserv- 
ing accurately  the  dates."  See  also  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol. 
I.  p.  3. 

'  The  Life  of  Timotliy  Pickering  by  his  son,  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  5. 

THE    PICKERING    DEED    OF    FEBRUARY    ii,  1642-43. 

From  the  original  Deed,  now  in  the  possession  of  John  Pickering, 
Esq.,  of  Sale.m,  Mass. 

V  '•/ 


oH--  :-,",   '.'"^A.  '  aJC, 

riv*-   ,>p-Vf'    *M     J-fUr-  ^^xuJ'*'    r*^ 

•  -         -^       .     ■ ,  ■,  n    ,-■  •^-   > 

^^    <r  -vV-,.->-      »^^      ^n>iH<.+1.    -Hod    -Kt>VMi-\    r>«    ,  Mia i.,.x<St    rt^x»«t-^:(o^u,^<J  . 

..-..-..  M^J^  ^^ 

,h  I ■—»-**" 


i  ^ 


with  the  Class  of  1642,  tlie  tirst  class  to  graduate   from  Harvard  College. 
The  deed  was  not  recorded  till  1785. 

The  following  account  of  the  estate  appears  in  a  book  of  records  which 
lias  been  added  to  by  several  members  of  the  family,  and  which  is  now  in 
the  possession  of  John  Pickering  [49.  IX.  970],  who  occupies  the  Mansion. 

"  Soutli  of  the  Kitchen  field  and  the  Antrum  lot,  and  fronting  on  Broad  street 
frum  the  hand  of  Fi'uucis  Lawes  to  Cotta's  Lot,  ■which  was  about  two  hundred  feet 
wc-<t  of  Pickering  street,  was  the  homestead  of  John  Pickering,  of  about  five  acres. 
Tlie  first  house  in  which  he  lived  when  he  bought  the  Broad  field  of  Emanuel 
Downing,  was  near  the  site  of  the  present  dwelling,  now  occupied  by  John  Pickering, 
Esq..  his  descendant  in  the  seventh  generation.  This  house  now  standing,  is  one  of 
tlie  most  interesting  relics  of  the  past  we  have  in  the  city,  both  from  its  having  been 
always  occupied  by  the  same  family,  and  on  account  of  its  well  authenticated  antiquity. 
The  following  is  taken  from  an  account  of  this  house  in  a  memorandum  book,  and 
was  written  by  Col.  Timothy  Pickering,  Dec.  3,  1828.  After  referring  to  another 
house,  which  his  eldest  sister,  Sarah  (Pickering)  Clark,  who  died  Nov.  21,  1826,  in 
her  97th  year,  remembered  as  standing  at  a  small  distance  eastward  of  the  present 
house,  Col.  Pickering  writes  '  I  well  remember  that  when  I  went  to  the  woman's 
school,  being  then  only  six  years  old,  my  father  raised  the  roof  of  the  northern  side 
of  the  present  house  and  so  made  room  for  three  chambers  to  accommodate  his 
family,  having  then  nine  children.  The  roof  according  to  the  fashion  of  the  time 
running  down  on  the  northern  side  so  as  to  leave  but  one  upright  story.  The  windows 
were  glazed  with  small  panes,  some  diamond  shaped,  and  the  others  small  oblongs. 
These  were  all  set  in  leaden  strips,  formed  thin  with  grooves  (by  a  machine  made  for 
the  purpose)  for  the  reception  of  the  glass  on  which  the  lead  was  easily  pressed  close 
down.  Where  the  lead  crossed  they  were  soldered  together,  and  I  perfectly  remember 
seeing  the  glazier,  Moore  by  name,  setting  the  glass  in  the  old  windows  in  the  manner 
here  described.  I  remember  hearing  my  father  say,  that  when  he  made  the  altera- 
tions and  repairs  above  mentioned,  the  eastern  end  of  the  house  was  one  hundred 
years  old,  and  the  western  end  eighty  years  old,  consequently  the  eastern  end  is  now 
(Dec.  3,  1828)  177  years  old  ;  for  I  am  83  and  was  but  six  years  old  in  July  1751, 
the  year  in  which  the  alterations  and  repairs  took  place.  I  also  remember  hearing 
my  father  say,  that,  supposing  the  sills  of  the  house  must  be  de'cayed,  he  had  pro- 
vided new  white  oak  timber  to  replace  them  ;  but  that  the  carpenter  when  he  ripped 
off  the  weather  boards  found  the  sills  sound  of  swamp  white  oak ;  and  the  carpenter 
told  him  that  they  would  last  longer  than  any  new  sills  that  he  could  provide  ;  and 
the  same  sills  remain  to  this  day.' 

"  At  the  southern  side  of  broad  field,  a  little  eastward  of  the  salt  marsh,  were 
many  logs  projecting  beyond  the  low  bank,  manifestly  the  remains  of  a  wharf,  erected 


when  what  is  now  the  Mill  Pond  of  the  South  Mills  was  a  confluence  of  the  South 

"Jonathan  Pickering,  son  of  the  first  John  conveyed  in  1727  his  portion  of  the 
homestead,  lieing  the  eastern  half  part  and  consisting  of  an  acre  and  a  half,  together 
with  the  dwelling  liouse  on  it,  in  which  he  then  lived,  to  his  grand  nephew  Dea.  Timothy 
Pickering.  This  house  was  no  doubt  the  one  remembered  by  Colonel  Pickering's 
sister  Sarah.  Deacon  Timothy  Pickering  had  five  years  before  inherited  the  western 
part  of  the  homestead,  including  the  house  now  standing,  from  his  father  John,  who 
was  a  grandson  of  the  first  John.  There  can  be  no  doubt,  therefore,  that  his  state- 
ment of  the  age  of  the  house  was  correct,  according  to  which  the  eastern  half  of  the 
house  is  now  two  hundred  and  eighteen  years  old,  and  the  western  part  one  hun- 
dred and  ninety-eight  years  old.  This  is  also  confirmed  by  the  records,  particularly 
the  commoners'  record,  which  shows  that  John  Pickering  was  in  1714  allowed  two 
rights  '  for  his  father's  house,'  that  is  the  house  in  which  his  father  had  lived  (the 
one  now  standing)  was  built  before  1661.  It  also  appears  from  the  same  record  that 
Jonathan  Pickering's  house  (which  stood  to  the  east  of  the  present  house),  was  the 
same  which  one  Deacon  built  before  1661. 

"  The  first  John  Pickering  died  in  1657,  and  his  widow,  Elizabeth,  married  John 
Deacon.  The  oldest  sun,  J(3hn,  remained  in  the  house  which  his  father  built  in  1651 ; 
while  his  mother  and  the  younger  son,  Jonathan,  removed  to  the  new  house  which 
John  Deacon  built  on  that  part  of  the  homestead  which  was  sett  off  to  Jonathan.  The 
mother  died  in  1662,  and  in  1671  the  two  brothers  made  a  final  settlement  of  the 
estate  between  them,  at  which  time  according  to  Deacon  Pickering,  the  western  part 
of  the  present  house  was  built.  In  regard  to  the  original  house  in  which  John  Picker- 
ing lived  previous  to  1651,  we  have  the  following  evidence  in  a  deposition  given  by 
his  grandson,  showing  that  it  was  sold  in  1663  or  1661  and  removed  to  another  place. 
On  the  Commoners' Record  for  1714,  is  entered  one  right  to  John  Pickering  'for 
his  grandfather's  house,'  which  shows  that  another  house  had  stood  on  his  land  which 
had  belonged  to  his  grandfather,  and  was  built  before  1661.  The  following  shows 
what  became  of  it,  and  is  also  interesting  in  showing  at  what  an  early  period  houses 
were  moved  : 

" '  The  testimonie  of  John  Pickering  of  full  age  saith  to  his  certain  knowledge 
the  little  house  that  was  William  Beenes  was  his  father's  Cottage  Right  that  is 
allowed  to  me.' 

"  '  He  further  saith  that  in  the  year  1663  or  1664  my  father  sold  it  to  William 
Beens,  and  it  was  removed  to  that  place  with  oxen.    John  Pickering.' 

"  William  Beens  lived  where  now  is  the  corner  of  Boston  street  and  the 

"  Opposite  the  Pickering  house  and  south  of  Broad  street  ("which  at  first  included 
the  present  cemetery  and  a  strip  of  land  west  of  it)  was  Broadfield,  consisting  of 
twenty  acres,  and  extending  from  the  Hathonie  farm,  the  line  of  which  correspond,=i 



Prom  the  original  one,  formerly  belonging  to  the  Pickering  House, 



iioarly  with  Phelp's  Court,  east  and  south  to  the  South  river,  now  the  ilill  Pond. 
Tliis  was  at  one  time  called  the  Governor's  field.  It  was  sold  by  Gov.  Endicott 
to  Emanuel  Downing  before  1G40,  as  appears  by  a  deed  of  mortga;je  on  the  Suffolk 
Records  dated  June  8,  1040,  and  acknowledged  Dec.  20, 1644,  by  Emanuel  Downing, 
of  his  mansion  house  at  Salem  with  four  acres  more  or  less  thereunto  adjoining  and 
twenty  acres  more  purchased  of  Mr.  Endicott  lying  upon  South  river. 

"  John  Pickering  subsequently  came  into  possession  of  the  Broadfield  by  virtue 
of  a  deed  of  indenture  now  in  the  possession  of  John  Pickering,  Esq.,  of  which  the 
following  is  a  literal  copy." 

Then  follows  the  copy,  which  we  omit,  and  in  its  stead  give  a  helio- 
type  directly  from  the  original  deed,  which  is  now  in  possession  of  John 
Pickering  [49.  IX.  970]. 

From  the  foregoing  account,  we  get  a  very  good  idea  of  this  ancient 
estate,  the  house  of  which  was  partly  built  in  1G51,  by  John  Pickering,  and 
which  was  probably  much  larger  and  more  comfortable  than  his  pre^■iou3 
dwelling,  but  which  unhappily  he  lived  to  enjoy  but  a  few  years. 

In  this  old  house  there  were  formerly  two  iron  chimney-backs,  oue  of 
which  is  still  in  the  fire-place  of  the  dining-room.  The  other  is  now  at  the 
Essex  Institute,  and  it  is  from  this  that  the  heliotype  here  given  was  made. 
Both  bear  the  date  1G60,  and  the  initial  letters  of  John  and  Alice  Pickering. 
These  chimney-backs  are  thought  by  the  family  to  have  been  cast  at  the 
foundery  on  the  Saugus  River  in  Lynn,  which  was  the  first  foundery 
established  in  this  country.' 

The  old  mansion  which  at  the  present  time  (1894)  is  two  hundred  and 
forty-three  years  old,  is  among  the  most  interesting  relics  of  Salem  architec- 
ture, and  is  still  a  comfortable  and  roomy  dwelling,  in  excellent  condition. 
In  1841,  it  underwent  tliorough  repair  and  considerable  alteration  at  the 
hands  of  John  Pickering  [')8.  VI.  109]  of  the  sixth  generation.  He  restored 
the  former  appearance  of  the  roof,  making  changes  in  the  ornamentation 
of  tlie  front  and  top  of  the  roof.^ 

'  See  the  History  of  Lynn,  by  Alonzo  Lewis  and  James  E.  Newhall,  p.  208. 

'  Joseph  B.  Felt,  in  his  Annals  of  Salem,  after  describing  several  Salem  houses 
of  the  same  general  character  as  tlie  Pickering  house,  says :  •'  Under  the  like  class, 
we  have  the  dwelling,  situated  in  Broad  street  opposite  to  the  western  end  of  the 
burying  hill.  It  occupies  the  pleasant  premises,  which  once  belonged  to  Emanuel  Down- 
ing.   It  was  built  about  1650  by  John  Pickering  who  was  its  owner  and  whose  descendants 


The  grounds  now  consist  of  about  one  and  one-third  acres  of  the 
original  land,  devoted  to  lawns  and  gardens,  planted  with  shrubs  and  fine 
olil  trees,  making  it  one  of  the  most  attractive  residences  in  Salem.  An 
additional  charm  to  the  place  is  the  fact,  that  it  has  been  continuously  in 
the  possession  of  the  family  from  the  first  settler  to  the  present  John 
Pickering  who  is  of  the  eighth  generation  in  the  male  line  and  the  ninth 
in  the  female  line. 

The  interior  is  artistic  in  its  furnishings,  the  walls  being  hung  with  old 
portraits  of  the  family;  and  there  is  much  antique  furniture,  a  part  of  which 
was  made  by  the  Rev.  Theophilus  Pickering  [48.  IV.  8].  There  is 
also  an  ancient  oak  table  wliich  is  said  to  have  been  brought  to  this  country 
by  the  first  John  Pickering.  A  heliotype  of  the  East  room  is  here  given, 
showing  this  furniture. 

The  early  death  of  John  Pickering,  in  the  year  1657,  when  he  was  little 
more  than  forty  years  old,  leads  us  to  suppose  that  his  end  was  hastened  by 
the  injuries  he  sustained  during  his  journey  into  Connecticut.  His  will  is 
dated  the  30th  of  the  5  mo.  1(555  [July  30,  1G55],  and  it  was  proved  the 
1st  of  the  5th  mo.  1657  [Jiily  1,  1657].     It  reads  as  follows  :  — 

In  y  name  of  god  Ameii  I  Jn°  Pickeriiige  of  Salem  beeing  of  pfect  mind  and 
memory  doe  make  and  Ordayne  this  my  last  will  and  Testament  in  man  and  forme 
followinge  first  I  bequeath  my  scale  to  my  lord  god  and  sauiour :  and  my  body  to  the 
earth  from  wlience  it  came. 

Imp'  I  dcuid  my  estate  into  flue  pts  :  vidz  :  lands  houses  CattcU  houshould  goods  c' : 
Ite     I  bequeath   to    my   son  Jn'^  Pickeringe    two  parts  out  of   my  estate  as  aboue 

mentioned  at  the  age  of  one  and  twenty  years 
Ite     I  bequeatli  to  my  son  Jn'than  one  part  and  halfe  out  of  the  estate  of  mine  as 

aboue  said  at  the  age  of  twenty  one  years 
Ite  I  bequeath  tlic  other  pt  i^-  halfe  to  my  wife  Ehzabeth  for  her  mayntenance  for 
her  life :  puided  sliee  line  unmaried  &  if  her  part  of  my  estate  will  not  mayn- 
taine  her  Comfortably  that  there  shall  be  an  alowance  made  to  her  out  of 
my  sons  pt  and  accordinge  to  the  pporton  of  their  legacies  But  if  my  said  wife 
Elizabeth  shall  marv  aeaine  her  next  husband  to  be  bound  to  returne  to  mv 

have  ever  since  retained  it  in  tlieir  possession.  Its  present  proprietor,  who  bears  his 
name,  has,  within  a  few  years,  restored  two  of  the  three  peaks  which  formerly  belonged 
to  its  front.  We  might  speak  particularly  of  others,  as  that  of  "William  Pickering  at 
Wood's  gate,  another  of  the  Pickering  family  facing  Pine  street." 


two  sous  tlieir  hiors  or  admiiiistra?  or  assigns  to  be  cqualy  deuided  the  same 

pportion  or  value  of  goods  or  estate,  that  he  shall  haue  with  my  said  wife  when 

he  doth  mary  her  if  she  died  before  him 
Itc     I  giuo  to  my  son   Jn'  my  musket  and  Armes  complete  and  the  choise  of  my 

foulingc  peeces. 
Itc     I  gine  to  my  soti  Ju'athan  my  other  foulingc  pcece  and  my  Carbine 

Lastly  my  will  is  y'  when  my  Chilldren  come  to  age  to  inioye  their  pcoiis  :  y' 

the  increase  or  losse  y'  then  shall  be  found  to  be  in  my  estate  more  or  loss 

then  was  at  my  death  shallbe  borne  by  them. 
It     I  make  my  beloued  wife  Elizabeth  &  my  sons  John  and  Jonathan  my  Executrix 

&  Executors 
It    I  apoynte  <fc  desire  John  Home  and  Edmund  Batter  my  overseers :  to  see  the 

fi'ulfiUinge  of  this  my  Last  will  and  I  giue  to  each  of  them  twenty  shillings 

dated  SO'!"  5™  1655 
Signed  and  Delided  John  Pickering 

in  the  p'ence  of  vs 
Edmund  Batter 
John  Home 


John  Kitching 

The  original  will  is  in  Vol.  III.  p.  128,  of  Essex  County  Quarterly  Court 
Papers.     Endorsed  on  tlie  back  of  the  will  is  the  following :  — 

"  The  Will  of  John  pickering  brought  into  Court  1  5mo.  57  proued  by  W  Batter 
John  Horne  &  Jn"  Kitchin." 

"  Tiie  Last  Will  &  testam'  of  John  Pickering  brought  into  court  also  an  Inventory 
of  137X  :  3s  :  2d  sworne  to  by  the  widdow  pickerin  allowed." ' 

1-70.    I.  1.    ElhabetJi the  wife  of  John  Pickering,  probably 

died  in  Salem. 

We  have  not  been  able  to  ascertain  the  full  maiden  name  of  John 
Pickering's  wife,  neither  have  we  found  the  full  date  of  their  marriage,  nor 
wliere  it  took  place.  The  Bible  of  their  grandson,  John  Pickering,  accord- 
ing to  the  memorandum-book  of  Colonel  Timotliy  Pickering,  says  that  they 
were  married  in  163(3  ;  and  if  this  is  the  case,  we  suppose  it  must  have  taken 
place  in  this  country. 

*  Nathaniel  I.  Bowditch  Record,  p.  318. 


Of  theii-  cliilJreu,  but  four  are  known  to  us:  John,  and  Jonathan, 
and  two  named  EHzabeth.  The  daugliters  must  have  died  young  ;  for 
only  two  chikh-en,  Jului  and  Jonathan,  are  named  in  John  Pickering's 
wiU.  The  married  life  of  John  and  EHzabeth  Pickering  Lasted  abovit 
twentv  years  ;  and  it  is  highly  probalde  that  there  were  other  children, 
who  died  young,  for  this  would  be  an  unusually  small  family  for  that 

We  do  not  know  whether  John  Pickering  was  a  church-member  or 
not ;  and  from  the  fact  that  we  do  not  find  that  he  took  the  freeman's 
oath,  or  that  he  ever  held  public  office,  we  infer  that  he  was  not.  His 
wife  Elizabeth,  however,  joined  the  Salem  church,  for  she  with  others 
"  renewed  y°  covenant."  ^  On  the  Church  Records  her  name  appears 
following  the  date  "5:3:  1639,"  in  a  catalogue  of  those  persons  who 
were  joined  in  full   communion. 

She  is  undoubtedly  the  Elizabeth  Pickering  to  whom  John  Alderman 
of  Salem  bequeathed  by  his  will  of  July  3,  1637,-  "one  greene  cloth 
suite,"  and  he  also  made  bequests  to  her  sons  John  and  Jonathan. 
Whether  John  Alderman  was  their  relation,  or  only  a  friend,  we  are  unable 
to  say  ;  but  we  are  inclined  to  think  that  a  relationship  existed  between 
them.  Of  John  Alderman,  Savage,  in  his  Genealogical  Dictionary  of  New 
England,  says,  that  he  lived  in  Dorchester,  in  1G34,  but  had  moved  to 
Salem  in  1C3G,  when  Jane  Alderman,  probably  his  wife,  was  a  member 
of  the  church.  He  had  a  grant  of  land  in  Salem  in  1637,  was  made 
a  freeman.  May  22,  1639,  and  died  in  1657.  Elizabeth  survived  her 
husband  John  Pickering,  and  on  Dec.  25,  1657,  married  John  Deacon 
of  Lynn.  lie  removed  to  Salem,  and  built  a  house  near  that  of  her 
former  husband,  on  land  belonging  to  the  Pickering  estate.  To  this  new 
dwelling  she  removed,  leaving  the  old  house  in  possession  of  her  son  John 
Pickering,  who  had  married  the  same  year.  Savage  gives  the  following 
account  of  her  second  husband :  "  John  Deacon,  Lynn,  came  in  the 
Abigail,  1635,  aged  25,  with  w.  Alice,  30,  who  d.  27  July  1657,  was  a 
blacksmith  ;  m.  25  Dec.  1657,  Elizabeth,  widow  of  John  Pickering,  rem. 

1  Essex  Institute  Historical  CoUectioo,  Vol.  I.  p.  39  ;  also  EeconLs  of  the  First  Church. 
^  Ipswii^h  Keeonls,  Vol.  1,  p.  197,  in  the  Essex  County  Eegistry  of  Deeds. 

AN    INTERIOR    VIEW    OF   THE    EAST    ROOM    IN    THE 

Showing  the  Table  which  was  brought  ro  this  Country  by  John- 
Pickering  [1-70.  I.  I.]  ANu  THE  Chairs  which  were  made  by 
the  Rev.  Theophilu^  Pickering  [4S.     IV.    S.]. 

^  --5"^     W 

/-^  £^^ 



■  9 



'     u>*-. 



.   >• 


to  Boston,  was  of  Mather's  clnircli  in  I'iGO."  The  History  of  Lynn^  states 
that  he  was  the  first  blacksmith  in  Lynn,  and  that,  in  1638,  he  had  twenty 
acres  of  h\nd  allotted  to  him. 

From  the  following  abstract  of  a  conveyance,^  lie  appears  to  have  taken 
a  third  wife :  John  Deacon  of  Boston,  blacksmith,  for  a  valuable  considera- 
tion sells  to  John  Pickering,  yeoman,  of  Salem  a  piece  of  salt  marsh  in 
Lynn,  called  Thorn's  neck  of  about  two  acres,  x\.pril  5,  1670,  signed 

Jno  Deacon. 

An  Deacon. 
Ancestry  Tables  -j- 

>  History  of  Lynn,  Mass.,  by  Alonzo  Lewis  and  James  K.  Newhall,  p.  153. 
'  Essex  County  Eegistry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  3,  p.  82. 

Note.  —  When  the  greater  part  of  this  work  had  been  finished,  my  attention 
was  called  to  an  entry  in  the  Notarial  Kecord  ]5ook  of  William  Aspinwall,  where 
John  Pickering  of  Salem  is  shown  to  have  pcssessed  a  house  in  Coventry,  England. 
By  the  kindness  of  William  II.  Whitmore,  Esq.,  who  has  made  a  copy  of  the  entire 
book,  and  of  Walter  Kendall  Watkins,  Esq.,  I  am  enabled  to  give  this  entry,  which 
is,  as  far  as  I  know,  the  Hrst  substantial  piece  of  evidence  to  show  where  the  Salem 
Pickerings  had  their  origin. 

William   Aspinwall's   Xotarial   Record   Look,   p.  I'yS. 

"25  (8)  1650.  John  Pickering  of  Salem  did  constitute  Mr.  Thomas  Potter  of 
Childsmore  his  Attorney  for  him  &  in  his  name  &  to  his  use  to  enter  &  take  posses- 
sion of  a  certaine  house  neere  the  Newgate  in  Coventry  &  the  same  to  possesse  & 
enjoy  for  the  use  of  the  s*  John  Pickering  (being  his  pper  possession)  untill  further 
order  taken  thereabout.  Giveing  him  power  to  coinence  and  psecut  any  action  at  law 
against  any  that  shall  hinder  or  interrupt  him  in  the  possession  of  the  s**  house. 
Dat.  25  (8)  1650." 


1-70.  II.  1.  Jolin  Pickering  [John  1-70.  I.  1],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salcin.     A  farmer.     Residence  :  Salem. 

Lieutenant  John  Pickering  and  his  wife  were  admitted  to  membership  of 
the  First  Clmrch  in  Salem  in  1684,  and  he  was  admitted  to  full  communion 
of  the  same  on  April  1,  16'J4.^ 

By  inheritance  and  by  purchase  from  the  other  heirs,  he  came  into 
possession  of  the  family  mansion  and  estate,  where  he  continued  to  reside, 
and  which  property  he  transmitted  to  his  son  John.  lie  is  best  known  to 
us  in  his  connection  with  public  atlairs,  and  his  continuous  services  prove 
that  he  Avas  a  capable,  enterpri.sing,  and  public-spirited  man.^  Confidence 
in  his  good  judgment  is  shown  by  the  frequent  mention  of  his  name 
in  connection  with  the  administration  of  estates,  the  taking  of  inven- 
tories, and  as  an  overseer  in  wills.  He  was  a  selectman  of  the  town 
several  times,  a  constable  in  1664,  and  one  of  those  appointed  to  run  the 
Lynn  line  in  1669.  He  also  filled  various  other  offices.  One  of  these  was 
in  collecting  the  subscription  money  of  Salem  for  the  support  of  Harvard 
College,  as  appears  from  the  following  record :  — 

"  April  5,  1680  Return  was  made  to  the  Committee  at  Boston  Concerning  y' 
CoUedge  money.     Lent.  John  Pickering  chosen  &  sent  for  that  end  and  purpose  " 

"  May  11, 1686  Agreed  with  Lt.  John  Pickering,  for  thirtey  shillmgs  in  money  to 
bee  alowed  for  his  paynos  &  troble  in  gathering ;  and  journey  Concerning  the  Sub- 
scription for  the  CoUedge."  ^ 

In  1668,  his  signature  appears  on  a  petition  of  two  hundred  and  thirty- 
three  inhabitants  of  Salem  to  the  General  Court  against  duties  of  1  per  cent 
on  exports  and  imports,  and  2d.  on  each  bushel  of  grain.* 

*  Original  records  of  The  First  Church  of  Salem,  p.  111. 
'  See  Annals  of  Salem,  by  Joseph  B.  Felt,  p.  317. 

'  See  the  Town  Records  of  Salem,  also  Annals  of  Salem,  by  Joseph  B.  Felt,  Vol.  I. 
p.  4.35. 

*  Massachusetts  Archives,  Vol.  60,  pp.  41-42. 


His  prominence,  however,  is  most  fully  brought  out  by  the  part  he 
took  in  military  alTairs.  In  1G75,  he  was  appointed  ensign  of  the  Salem 
militia,  as  is  learned  from  the  following  order  of  the  General  Court :  — 

"  It  is  ordered  that  Richard  Leach  be  leftenfit  >fc  John  Pickering  ensigne  to  the 
scccond  foote  company  in  Salem  vnder  the  conduct  of  Capt  John  Coruin."  ' 

From  the  following  record  he  appears  to  have  refused  to  serve  in  this 
capacity :  — 

"May  30,  1G79.  The  Court,  being  informed  that  John  Pickering,  of  Salem, 
refuscth  the  place  of  ensigne,  on  a  motion  made,  the  Court  appoints  Nathaniel  Felton 
to  be  ensigne  to  Capt  Coruins  compay."  ^ 

Before  this  last  date  he  had  certainly  filled  the  office  of  lieutenant. 
He  was  generally  known  by  this  title,  and  had  served  in  this  capacity  in  the 
Indian  war  of  167o.  He  was  present  at  the  fight  at  Bloody  Brook,  near 
Deei-field,  after  the  defeat  of  Captain  Lothrop  on  Sept.  18,  1675.  Captain 
Lothrop,  who  had  been  sent  from  Hadley  to  Deerfield  to  bring  a  large 
supply  of  wheat  into  a  place  of  safety,  fell  into  an  ambuscade  of  Indians, 
and  was  slaughtered  with  nearly  the  whole  of  his  party.  Captain  Mosely 
went  from  Deei-field  to  the  relief  of  Captain  Lothrop,  and  defeated  the 
Indians.  It  is  stated  that  his  lieutenants,  Savage  and  John  Pickering,  from 
Salem,  often  led  the  troops  and  distinguished  themselves  in  a  particular 
manner  by  their  skill  and  persevering  resolution.^  Hubbard's  version  of 
this  afi'air  is  as  follows :  — 

"Capt.  Musely's  men  coming  suddenly  upon  them  when  they  were  pillaging  of 
the  dead,  fell  upon  them  with  such  a  smart  assault,  that  they  drove  them  presently 
into  a  swamp,  following  them  so  close,  that  for  seven  miles  together  they  fought  them 
upon  a  march,  charging  them  through  and  through.  Perez  Savage  and  Lieutenant 
Pickering,  his  Lieutenants,  deserving  no  little  part  of  the  honour  of  that  days  Service, 
being  sometimes  called  to  lead  the  Company  in  the  Front."  ■* 

*  Records  of  tlie  Governor  and  Company  of  the  ^fassachusetts  Bay  in  Xew  Eng- 
land, edited  by  Nathaniel  B.  Shurtleff,  M.D.,  Vol.  V.  p.  33. 

^  Ibid.  Vol.  V.  p.  233. 

*  See  Essex  County  and  tlie  Indians,  by  Robert  Rantoul,  Seur.,  in  the  Essex  Institute 
Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XIX.  pp.  130-140. 

*  The  Present  State  of  New-England,  Being  A  Narrative  of  the  Trouble  with  the 
Indians  in  New-England  by  W.  Hubbard,  minister  of  Ipswich,  London,  1677,  p.  40. 


In  tlie  article  on  "Soldiers  in  King  Philip's  ^^^u•,"  by  the  Rev.  George 
M.  Boilge,  printed  in  Tlie  New  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Regis- 
ter, in  writing  of  Captain  Sauuiel  Muscly  and  his  men,  Mr.  Bodge  says: 
"  Lientcnants  Savage  and  Pickering  especially  distinguished  themselves 
by  their  daring,"  and  in  a  note  sa}-s,  ''  It  seems  the  highest  piesuinption  to 
correct  both  Hubbard  and  Drake  in  one  note  ;  but  Hull's  Journal  says 
that  Pickering  was  Appleton's  and  not  Mosely's  Lieutenant."  ^  In  another 
volume  of  the  same  work,  it  says  of  Captain  Appleton  :  ''  His  Lieutenant 
John  Pickering,  and  doubtless  a  part  of  his  company,  were  with  Capt. 
Mosely  in  the  fight  succeeding  Lathrop's  defeat."  "  This  same  volume  ^ 
gives  the  sum  of  £4  bs.  lOd.  due  John  Pickering,  Lt.,  as  one  of  Captain 
Appleton's  command. 

John  I'ickering  was  one  of  thirteen  men  who  petitioned  to  the  General 
Court  to  grant  them  a  plantation  at  the  bottom  of  Casco  Bay,  on  a  river 
called  Swegustagoe,  &c.  June  11,  1G80,  the  Court  granted  the  petitioners 
five  miles  square,  to  be  allotted  out  for  a  township,  and  two  islands  adjacent 
to  the  place.*     "We  suppose  this  grant  was  for  military  services. 

In  1664,  Lieutenant  Pickering  had  a  suit^  with  the  owners  of  the  "  New- 
Mill  "  on  the  South  River,  he  being  the  owner  of  the  land  bounding  on  that 
river.  Previous  to  16G3,  Captain  Trask's  corn-mills  on  the  North  River  were 
the  only  ones  in  town.  Complaint  arose  as  to  grinding  facilities,  and  on 
Nov.  9,  1GG3,  Walter  Price,  Henry  Bartholomew,  and  John  and  Samuel 
Gardner  were  given  permission  to  put  up  a  mill  on  the  South  River.  When 
these  men  began  their  mill  John  and  Jonathan  Pickering  pulled  up  their 
stakes  and  threw  their  shovels  and  wheelbarrows  into  the  river,  and  further 
brought  an  action  against  them,  "  for  damming  up  the  Channel  or  river  below 
their  land,  and  hindering  them  from  coming  by  water  to  said  land,  or 
improving  of  it   for  a   building  place  for  vessels."     John  Pickering  also 

>  Vol.  XXXVII.  p.  178.  =■  Vol.  XXXVIII.  p.  430.  «  Ibid.  p.  441. 

*  Records  of  the  Governor  and  Company  of  the  IMass.  Bay  in  N.  E.  Edited  by 
Nathaniel  B.  Shurtleff,  M.D.,  Vol.  V.  p.  273. 

'  See  the  article  relating  to  this  suit  by  W.  P.  Upham,  in  the  Essex  Institiite  Histori- 
cal Collections,  Vol.  VIII.  pp.  21-2S.  In  this  article  Mr.  Upham  calls  both  John  and 
Jonathan  Pi^kerinij,  shipwrights.  It  is  the  only  instance  in  which  we  have  found  John 
Pickering  called  a  shipwright.     His  brother  Jonathan,  however,  was  a  very  active  one. 


brought  an  action  for  trespass,  and  tlie  Proprietors  brought  an  action 
against  Pickering  for  .damages  to  their  work. 

John  Pickering  relied  on  proving  the  land  to  the  river  to  be  his  by 
deeds  and  possession,  while  the  defendants  relied  on  testimony  going  to 
show  that  the  lots  of  which  John  Pickering's  land  was  part,  did  not  run  to 
the  river,  but  there  was  a  space  of  two  rods  between  the  land  and  the  river 
for  a  highwav,  and  moreover  that  John  Pickering  had  made  an  agreement 
witli  the  town,  on  July  18,  16G4,  to  receive  £20  for  damages.  To  this 
John  Pickering  seems  to  have  anticipated  liis  answer,  by  saying  that  land 
could  not  be  alienated  "  except  it  be  under  hand  ami  seal  and  delivered,  ac- 
knowledged &  recorded,  and  posesion  given  by  turf  &  twig." 

The  suit  ended  in  the  following  judgment :  "  March  28,  16G5.  John 
Pickering,  plaintitT  against  Captain  Walter  Price,  Mr.  Henr}-  Bartlmlmew, 
Mr.  John  and  Samuel  Gardner,  defendants  in  an  action  of  review.  The 
jury  found  for  the  defendants,  cost  375." 

Lieutenant  Pickering  was  a  legatee  under  the  will  of  John  Alderman,  of 
Salem,  July  3,  1657,  as  was  his  mother  and  his  brother  Jonathan.  The 
bequest  to  him  consisted  of  "  one  table,  2  stools,  my  cloke,  a  pair  of  cloth 
briches,  a  paier  of  Avorsted  stockens  &  21b  barley." 

The  day  and  month  of  his  birth  have  not  been  ascertained,  but  1G37 
•was  recorded  as  the  year  of  liis  birth  in  the  family  Bible  of  his  son  John. 
It  coiTesponds  with  the  age  given  on  his  gravestone,  the  inscription  of 
which  is  printed  in  the  New  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Register, 
and  is  as  follows  :  ^  — 

"  Here  lyeth  buried  y*  body  of  Leut.  John  Pickering.  Dec'd.  y°  5tli  of  May,  1G94, 
in  y'  57th  year  of  his  age." 

This  stone,  with  other  early  gravestones  of  the  family,  stood  on  a  part 
of  the  land  of  what  is  now  called  the  Broad  Street  Burying  Ground,  the 
old  "  Burying  Ground  on  the  Hill."  "  The  Hill "  is  opposite  tlie  present 
Pickering  Estate,  and  was  formerly  known  as  Pickering  Hill.  When  that 
part  of  the  hill  where  these  stones  stood  was  dug  away,  the  remains  of  the 
Pickerings  and  their  gravestones  were  removed. 

»  Vol.  III.  p.  278. 


The  following  account  of  this  burial-place,  in  the  handwriting  of  Mary 
Ome  Pickering  [49.  VIII.  545],  is  taken  from  an  old  Family  Bible,  bearing 
the  imprint  of  1736,  which  l)elonged  to  Deacon  Timothy  Pickering  [48-59. 
IV.  9].  The  Bible  is  now  in  the  possession  of  his  great-great-grandson, 
John  Pickering  of  Salem. 

"  A  small  private  burying  ground  of  the  Pickering  familj^  existed  for  many  years 
on  the  '  Broadfjcld'  land  abutting  on  that  part  of  Summer  Street  w-hich  is  the  highest 
point,  and  east  of  the  Public  Cemetery.  It  was  used  as  a  burial  place  of  the  Pickering 
family,  from  the  time  of  the  earliest  ancestors  down  to  the  time  of  Dea.  Timothy  Pick- 
ering, who  died  in  1778 ;  whose  remains  were  interred  in  the  Public  Burying  Ground. 
In  laying  out  Broadfield  for  building  lots  <fc  extending  Summer  Street  to  the  Mill 
Pond,  it  was  necessary  to  provide  a  place  of  security  for  the  relics  existing  in  this 
ancient  private  burying  ground.  The  graves  of  nineteen  individuals,  adults  & 
children,  were  found.  The  graves-tones  were  of  slate,  and  much  worn  ;  with  inscrip- 
tions upon  them,  more  or  less  legible.  Among  them  was  one  to  the  memory  of  Lieut. 
John  Pickering.  All  these  headstones,  and  the  few  remaining  relics  of  the  early  an- 
cestors beneath  them,  were  taken  up  and  carefully  deposited,  in  November  1847,  in 
the  Public  Burying  Ground,  in  the  sealed  vault,  over  which  is  the  granite  monument 
bearing  the  names  of  John  Pickering  and  Sarah  Pickering:  oh!  1846." 

Lieutenant  Pickering  appears  to  have  prospered  in  a  worldly  way,  con- 
stantly adding  to  the  paternal  acres.  He  left  to  his  family  a  good  estate, 
as  appears,  by  the  following  abstract  of  his  will. 

This  will  was  dated  May  3,  1694,  and  proved  :\Iay  21,  of  the  same 
year.  He  calls  himself  senior  of  Salem,  and  sick  in  body  but  of  sound 
mind,  and  bequeaths  his  estate  as  follows  :  — 

To  my  eldest  son  John  Pickering,  my  homestead,  where  I  now  dwell,  with  the 
right  of  commonage  ;  reserving  to  my  wife,  the  use  of  part  therein  for  her  natural 
life.  Also  to  my  son  John  all  my  part  of  Broadfield  by  the  Millpond,  a  piece  of  land 
formerly  called  Jeggcls  point  in  the  Southfield,  land  at  the  glass  house  field,  which  I 
bought  of  Henry  Reynolds  and  one-third  part  of  land  lying  by  land  of  George  Dar- 
ling deceased,  within  Lynn  and  Salem  bounds. 

To  my  sons  Benjamin  and  William,  to  be  equally  divided  between  them,  land 
where  my  son  John  now  dwells,  with  the  dwelling  house  and  outhouses,  which  land  1 
bought  of  Richard  Adams,  deceased,  also  land  in  the  Southfield,  which  I  purchased  of 
the  said  Adams,  and  two-thirds  of  the  land  I  purchased  of  George  Darling  in  Salem 
and  Lvnn  bounds. 


To  mj  sou  Benjamin,  my  pirce  of  marsh  at  Forest  river,  consisting  of  about  one 
aero,  also  my  lot  in  the  Southlleld,  formerly  called  More's  lot,  after  my  wife's  decease 
or  marriage,  he  paying  to  my  executor  within  two  years  after  my  decease,  £10  for 
my  daughter,  the  same  to  be  held  in  trust. 

To  my  son  William  after  my  wife's  decease  or  marriage,  Archer's  lot  in  the 
Pouthfield,  he  to  pay,  within  two  years  after  my  decease  £10  to  my  executor,  John 

To  my  daughter  Elizabeth,  £40,  to  be  paid  to  her  one  year  after  her  marriage, 
provided  she  marries  with  the  consent  of  her  mother,  but  otherwise,  to  remain  in  my 
son  John's  hands,  to  relieve  her  in  her  necessity. 

To  my  daughter  Hannah,  £40  to  be  paid  one  year  after  her  marriage  if  she 
marries  with  the  consent  of  her  mother  but  otherwise  it  to  remain  in  my  son  John's 
hands  to  relieve  her  in  her  necessity. 

To  my  wife  Alice  Pickering,  one-third  of  my  moveable  goods  and  household 
stuff,  and  the  eastern  part  of  my  now  dwelling  to  wit;  the  chamber  garret  and  low 
room  and  half  of  the  cellar,  with  the  use  of  the  oxen  and  well,  also  £4  per  annum, 
one-half  to  be  paid  by  each  of  my  sons  Benjamin  and  William.  To  her  my  negro  girl 
called  Maria,  and,  during  her  widowhood,  two  lots  in  the  Southlield,  formerly  called 
Morc's  and  Archer's  lots,  and  one-quarter  part  of  the  barn,  and  outhouses,  also  £3 
per  annum  to  be  paid  by  my  son  John. 

To  my  grandchildren,  John  and  Hannah  Buttolph  £10  each,  when  they  arrive  at 
age  or  at  marriage. 

To  each  of  my  grandchildren,  that  are  already  born  12  s,  to  buy  a  silver  spoon 
•when  they  arrive  at  age,  or  at  marriage. 

To  my  son  John  Pickering  all  the  rest  of  my  estate.  Jly  wife  Alice  and  son  John 
Pickering  my  executors.^ 

1-70.  II.  1.  Alice  Bullock,  the  wife  of  John  Pickerhig,  probably  born 
in  England,  died  in  Salem. 

The  records  of  the  First  Church  of  Salem  show  that  at  a  church  meet- 
ing held  March  11,  1684,  Alice  Pickering,  and  others  whose  names  are 
entered  on  the  record,  having  stood  propounded  a  month,  with  no  excep- 
tions, was  admitted  after  the  usual  manner. 

At  the  time  the  Pickering  Sheets  were  printed,  we  did  not  know  tliat 
Alice  Flint  had  ever  married  before  she  married  John  Pickering ;  but  from 
records  since  found,  it  appears  that  she  had  married  as  her  first  husband 
Henry  Bullock,  Jr.,  of  Salem.     By  liim  she  had  two  children,  viz. :  — 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Rerords,  Vol.  303,  p.  208. 


Elizabeth  Bullock,  who  probably  died  young. 

John  Bullock,  who  married  Aug.  3,  IGSl,  Eliza  Maverick,  daughter  of  ;^^  Maverick 
of  Marblehead,  by  whom  he  had  tu-o  children,  Elizabeth  Bullock,  born 
Juiie  22,  1G83,  and  Johu  Bullock,  born  April  8,  1GS6.  The  latter 
married  Mary  Carrill,  July  20,  1710. 

John  Bullock  the  son  of  Henry  and  Alice  Bullock  died  in  1693.  He 
is  doubtless  the  same  person  who  received  the  following  grant  at  a  meeting 
of  the  selectmen  of  Salem  held  Jan.  9,  1679-80  :  — 

"  Whearas  John  Bullock  was  Impressed  into  the  Country  Service  against  the 
Indians  and  was  therein  sorely  wounded  to  the  very  greate  hazerd  of  his  liffe,  and 
being  thereby  disabled  from  getting  a  lieulihood  for  hirasclfe  mucli  more  for  a  ffamilye 
in  any  Labourious  calling,  hee  still  Remayning  a  creeple  k  vnder  great  &  greuious 
Affliction  by  that  mecnes  ;  the  consideration  whereof  hath  moucd  our  harts  not  only  to 
pittey  him,  butt  also  to  consider  of  some  way  sutable  for  one  in  that  distressed  condit- 
tion,  whearby  hee  may  be  al)lc  to  gitt  a  liueing,  and  not  discourage  him  &  others  y' 
may  bee  called  forth  vpon  services  for  there  Country  hoareafter.  Wee  doe  therefore 
grant  him  Liberty  to  sett  vp  k  Keep  a  Cooks  Shop  in  tlie  towne,  And  likewise  to  draw 
■wine  <fec  if  the  Countye  Courte  shall  see  cause  to  aproue  of  and  confirme  him 
therein."  ^ 

Henry  Bullock,  Jr.,  was  the  son  of  Henry  Bullock  and  his  wife  Susan, 
and  came  with  them  in  the  Abigail  from  Essex,  England,  in  1635,  when  he 
was  eight  years  old." 

Aug.  22,  1657,  Alice  Bullock,  widow,  with  the  consent  of  her  father, 
William  Flint,  sold  to  Henry  Cooke  for  seventy  pounds  to  be  paid  yearly, 
according  to  the  tenure  of  the  bond  her  dwelling,  outdiouses  and  about 
twenty  acres  of  land,  the  said  house  standing  "  neere  unto  the  generall  fence 
of  the  north  neck,  having  Henry  Bullock  on  the  one  side  &  "William  Robin- 
son on  y'  other  &  the  land  adjo\-ning  unto  the  sd  house  runneth  from  thenc 
unto  John  Soutliwicks,  excepting  y*  wood  upon  half  an  acre  of  land  «fc  the 
pond  well  belongs  unto  Henry  Bullock  for  the  terme  of  his  life,  on  paying 
10'  p  annum  during  the  term  of  his  life  unto  the  sd  Henry  Bullock"  also 
all  the  land  lying  in  Xorthfield  formerly  Henry  Bullock's  dec'd.  Also  six 
acres  in  the  broad  meadow  near  John  Hathorne's  old  house.^ 

»  Salem  Eecords,  Vol.  3.  p.  309. 

'  See  Genealogical  Dictionary  of  New  England  by  James  Savage,  Vol.  I.  p.  297. 

*  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  1,  p.  39. 


The  name  of  Alice  Flint  appears  on  the  Court  Records  as  a  transg-rcssor 
of  the  law  passed  by  the  General  Court  to  prevent  excess  of  dress,^  and  is 
noticed  by  Felt  as  follows ;  — 

^  The  following  is  the  act  against  excess  in  dress  which  was  passed  Oct.  14,  1651,  by 
the  General  Court  of  Massachusetts  :  — 

"Although  seuerall  declartjons  and  orders  have  binn  made  by  this  Courts  against 
excesse  in  apparrell,  both  of  men  and  weomen,  which  have  not  taken  that  effect  as  were  to 
be  desired,  but,  on  the  contrary,  wee  cannot  but  to  our  greife  take  notice  that  jntoUerable 
excesse  and  bravery  hath  crept  in  vppon  vs,  and  especially  amongst  people  of  meane  condi- 
tion, to  the  dishonnor  of  god,  the  seandall  of  our  profession,  the  consumption  of  estates, 
and  altogether  vnsuiteable  to  our  pouertje  ;  and  although  wee  acknowledge  it  to  be  a 
matter  of  much  ditiicultje,  in  regard  of  the  bliudnes  of  mens  mindes  and  the  stubbornes 
of  their  willes,  to  sett  downe  exact  Kules  to  confjne  all  sorts  of  persons,  yett  wee  cannot 
but  account  it  our  duty  to  coinend  vnto  all  sortes  of  persons  the  sober  and  moderate  vse 
of  those  blessings  which,  beyond  expectation,  the  lord  hath  bin  pleased  to  affoard  vnto 
V3  in  this  wildernes,  and  also  to  declare  our  vtter  detestation  and  dislike  that  men  or 
weomen  of  meane  condijon  should  take  vppon  them  the  garbe  of  gentlemen  by  wearing 
gold  or  silver  lace  or  buttons,  or  points  at  their  knees,  or  to  walk  in  great  bootes,  or  weo- 
men of  the  same  rancke  to  weare  silke  or  tiffany  hoodes  or  scarfes,  which  though  allow- 
able to  persons  of  greater  estate,  or  more  liberall  education,  yett  wee  cannot  but  judge  it 
intollerable  in  persons  of  such  like  Condition:  Itt  is  therefore  Ordered  by  this  Courte,  and 
the  Authoritje  thereof,  that  no  person  within  this  Jurisdiccon,  or  any  of  their  relations 
depending  vppon  them,  whose  visible  estates,  reall  and  personall,  shall  not  exceede  the  true 
and  Indifferent  valew  of  two  hundred  pounds,  shall  weare  any  gold  or  silver  lace,  or  gold 
and  silver  buttons,  or  any  bone  lace  above  two  shillings  V  yard,  or  silk  hoods  or  scarfes, 
vppon  the  peualtje  of  tenn  shillings  for  euery  such  offence,  and  euery  such  deljnquent  to 
be  presented  by  the  grannd  Juiy.  And  forasmuch  as  distinct  and  particular  rules  in  this 
Case,  suiteable  to  the  estate  or  quallitje  of  each  person,  cannot  easily  be  given,  Itt  is  fur- 
ther Ordered  by  the  Authoritje  aforesajd,  that  the  Selectmen  of  euery  Tonne,  or  the  major 
part  of  them,  are  heereby  enabled  and  required  from  tjme  to  tjme  to  have  regard  and  take 
notice  of  Apparrell  in  any  of  the  Inhabitants  of  their  seuerall  Townes  respectively,  and 
whosoeuer  they  shall  Judge  to  exceede  their  rancks  and  abillitjes  in  the  Costljnes  or  ffash- 
jon  of  their  apparrell  in  any  Respect,  especially  in  the  wearing  of  ribbons  or  great  bootes, 
(leather  being  so  scarce  a  Comoditje  in  this  Countrje.)  lace  pointes,  &c,  silke  hoods  or 
scarfes,  the  selectmen  aforesajd  shall  have  power  to  assesso  such  persons  so  offending  in 
any  of  the  particulars  above  mentioned  in  the  Country  rates  at  two  hundred  pounds 
estates,  according  to  that  proportion  that  such  men  vse  to  pay  to  whom  such  Apparell  is 
suiteable  and  allowed,  provided  this  lawe  shall  not  extend  to  the  restraint  of  any  magis- 
trate or  publicke  ofiBcer  of  the  Jurisdiction,  their  wives  and  children,  who  are  left  to 
their  discretion  in  wearing  of  apparrell,  or  any  setled  mditary  officer  or  souldjer  in  the 
tjme  of  millitary  service,  or  any  other  whose  education  and  iraplojments  have  binn  above 


"  1652  Nov.  30""  Alice  Fliut  was  presented  for  wearing  a  silk  hood,  but  proving 
herself  to  be  worth  £200  she  was  excused." ' 

This  Alice  Flint  is  saiil  to  have  been  William  Flint's  daughter,  who  after- 
wards married  John  Pickering-.  This  is  hardly  probable,  for  in  1652  she 
was  a  very  young  woman,  not  much  above  sixteen  years  old,  and  not  likely 
to  possess  so  large  a  sum  as  two  hundred  pounds.  She  has  undoubtedly 
been  confounded  with  her  mother,  for  whom  she  was  named,  and  who 
might  well  be  able  to  indulge  in  such  a  luxury,  as  her  husband,  William 
Flint,  was  in  all  probability  a  well-to-do  man.  Xineteen  years  later  his 
estate  amounted  to  more  than  nine  hundred  pounds. 

There  is  a  plan,  still  extant,  showing  that  William  Flint  owned  the  land 
from  the  corner  of  Flint  and  Essex  streets,  extending  to  Broad  Street,  and 
thence  easterlv.  Flint  Street  is  said  to  run  through  the  land  he  once 
owned,  and  near  where  his  dwelling  stood.  He  was  born  about  1603, 
being  called  about  tifty-eight  years  old  in  a  deposition  in  Court,  Dec.  10, 
1661.  lie  tilled  several  town-offices:  was  overseer  of  fences  in  1656; 
a  surveyor  of  the  Southfield  fences  in  1657  ;  one  of  the  perambulators  of 
the  Lynn  line  in  1658,  and  a  surveyor  of  highways  in  the  same  year.  In 
1659,  he  was  appointed  to  mend  the  foot-bridge,  and  he  was  chosen  on  the 
jury  in  1656  and  1659. 

William  Flint  died  April  2,  1673.  ITis  will  was  dated  Sept.  15,  1671, 
and  was  very  unsatisfactory  to  his  daughters,  who  succeeded  in  pre- 
venting the  settlement  of  the  estate  till  Fob.  26,  1695-96,  when  the 
whole  property  was  equitalily  divided  among  the  heirs.  The  inven- 
tory of  it  amounted  to  £911  lo.s.  When  the  will  was  presented  at 
Court  to  be  proved,  June  26,  1673,  Mr.  Edmund  Batter  testified  that 
William  Flint  had  intended  to  give  his  son,  John  Pickering,  a  piece  of  land, 
but  company  coming  in,  he  was  interrupted  from  so  doing,  and  the  next 
day,  he  was  not  well  enough  to  be  even  spoken  to.     Upon  this  testimony, 

the   ordjnary   decree,   or   whose   estates   have   liinn    Considerable,  thongli  now   decajed." 
(Records  of  ^fassachusetts.  V..1.   TV.  Part  I.   1G:;0-16G0,  p.  GO-61).     See  also  the  Massa- 
chusetts Archives,  Court  Records,  Vol.  4,  pp.  o7-o9. 
*  Annals  of  Salem,  by  Joseph  B.  Felt,  p.  1S8. 


"  Ye  court  doth  order  y!  John  Pickering  shall  have  that  pece  of  ground, 
which  was  intended  by  his  father,  as  is  declared  by  Mr.  Ilathorne." 

WiUiam  Flint's  wife  Alice  survived  him,  dying  Oct.  5,  1700.  She  must 
have  been  at  least  eighty  years  old  at  this  time.  From  the  following  deed, 
it  appears  that  she  lived  with  her  daughter  Alice  Pickering  in  her  old  age: 

"  22  Aug  1606.  To  all  Christian  People  to  whome  These  presents  shall  come  I 
Alice  FHntt  reUct  widow  of  William  Fliutt  late  of  Salem  Deed  Send  Gi-eeting  Know  ye 
that  I  \®  said  Alice  Flintt  for  the  loue  &  afection  that  I  y"  said  Alice  fflintt  doe  bear 
vnto  my  daiigliter  Alice  Pickering  &  more  especialy  for  &  in  Consideration  of  her  my 
said  Dear  daughters  great  Trouble  cost  &  charge  in  keejiing  A:  maintaining  me  The 
s*"  Alice  Flintt  in  my  old  age  when  I  were  not  able  to  he!])  my  Sclfe  &  for  my  said 
Daughters  obligacon  to  me  so  to  doe  during  my  natural  life  I  tlie  said  Alice  Flintt 
haue  giuen  granted  &  coufumed  Sc  doe  by  these  presents  fully  freely  and  absolutely 
giue  grant  &  confirm  vnto  y"  said  Alice  Pickering  all  and  singular  such  Rents 
Arrearages  of  Rents  goods  Chattels  personall  Estate  whatsover  vtcncills  household 
stufTe  Implements  and  all  things  Whatsoeuer  of  what  nature  kind  or  property  soeuer 
y°  same  be  or  can  be  found  To  Have  k  to  Hold  Levy  vse  dispose  of  take  <t  enjoy 
&  all  my  said  good  Chattels  persuuall  estate  household  stuffe  and  Implements  <tc  & 
all  other  the  premises  aforesaid  vnto  my  said  daughter  Alice  Pickering  her  hiers 
Executors  adm"  &  assigues  from  henceforth  &  forever."  ^ 

Then  is  given  a  description  of  a  five  acre,  a  two  acre,  and  a  three 
acre  lot  of  land  in  the  Southfield  which  her  husband  William  Flint  died 
seized  of. 

Alice  Pickering  did  not  survive  her  mother  many  years.  The  wrong 
year  is  given  in  the  Pickering  Sheets  as  the  year  of  her  death.  The  mis- 
take arose  from  the  natural  supposition  that  she  must  have  died  shortly 
before  the  administration  on  her  estate,  which  was  granted  to  her  son- 
in-hxw,  James  Browne  of  Salem,  husbandman,  Jan.  6,  1723-24.^  The 
exact  date  of  her  death  has  not  been  found ;  but  the  follownig  deeds  show 
that  she  must  have  died  at  some  time  between  March  4,  1712-13,  and  May 
13,  1713. 

"To  all  People  to  whomc  this  present  deed  of  Gift  shall  come  know  yee  that  I 
Alice  Pickering  of  Salem,  in  the  County  of  Essex  in  New  Endand,  Widow,  for  A- 
vpon  Mature  Considerations  &  other  Good  Causes  me  hereunto  Justly  mouing  haue 

1  Essex  County  Eegistry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  14,  p.  88. 
*  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  314,  p.  3. 


Giuen  Granted  it  do  by  these  presents  Giue  Grant  alioue  set  ouer  &  Confirmo  unto 
Jane  King,  Hannah  Beadle,  Lydia  k  Mary  Pahner,  all  y°  Children  of  my  Daughter 
Hannah  Palmer  Late  of  Salem,  dec"*  my  hue  acres  of  Land  Lying  and  being  in  y*  Towne 
of  Salem,  in  y°  Suuthfeild  so  Called  be  y*  same  more  or  Less  to  be  Equally  diuided 
between  them  as  they  shall  ariue  at  j'  age  of  Eighteen  yeares  or  marriage  to  be  to 
them  &  their  heiis  forcuer,  and  y'  my  Son-in-Law  Richard  Palmer  shall  haue  the  vse 
of  said  Land  Till  y°  said  Children  Come  to  age  as  aforesaid  it  being  part  of  that  Land 
giuen  me  by  my  Mother,  a  Deed  of  Gift  may  appeare.  Item  I  giue  unto  my  Daughter 
Elizabeth  Browne  wife  of  James  Browne,  my  Two  Silucr  Cupps  &  one  Siluer  Spoone. 
Item  I  giue  unto  y°  Chililren  of  my  Daughter  Browne  &.  y"  Children  of  my  Daughter 
Palmer  all  my  mouealilcs  to  be  equally  diuided  between  them.  Item  I  giue  unto 
Hannah  Osgood,  wife  of  Xatlianiel  Osgood,  one  peare  of  Shets  which  she  hath  of  mine 
in  Witness  hereof  I  haue  hereunto  set  my  hand  &  scale  this  4th  day  of  March  1712-13 

"Alice  G  Pickering  *.«.!» 
"  Signed  sealed  &  D.D. 
in  Pesence  of  us 
"  Thomas  Brewer 
"Frances  Willoughby 
"  Essex  ss  Att  an  Infcriour  Court  of  pleas  holden  at  Salem,  December  29  1713 
then  M'  Francis  Willoughby  &  Thomas  Brewer  y*  Two  witnesses  to  this  Deed  or 
Instrument  made  Oath  that  they  were  present  &  saw  M"  Alice  Pickering,  Deed  sign 
seal  &.  Deliuer  this  Instrument  as  her  act  &  deed,  and  the  s"*  deponents  at  y'  same 
time  subscribed  as  witnesses  thereto.     Sworne,  attest  Steph  Sewall  cler 

Following  the  above  deed  is  a  release,  dated  May  13,  1713,  in  which 
John  Pickering-,  yeoman,  Benjamin  Pickering,  and  "William  Pickering,  mari- 
ners, sons  of  Mr.  John  and  jMts.  Alice  Pickering,  both  of  Salem,  deceased, 
give  up  all  their  rights  in  the  above  said  five  acres  of  land,  to  the  children 
of  their  sister  Hannah  Palmer,  late  of  Salem,  deceased.^ 

AHce  Pickering  was  a  daughter  of  William  and  Alice  Flint. 
Ancestry  Tables   y 

1-70.  II.  2.  Jonathan  Pickering  [John  1-70.  I.  1]  born  in  Salem, 
probably  died  in  Salem.     A  shipwright.     Residence  :  Salem. 

Jonathan  Pickering  was  born  in  1639,  according  to  a  memorandum  of 

Henry  Pickering  [58.  VI.  Ill]  ;    and  Benj.  Ropes  :N'ichols  [44.  VII.  218] 

says  that  he  died  in  1729,  aged  90;  but,  in  a  deposition  of  Sept.  28,  1686, 

he  calls  himself  about  44  years  old,  and  in  another  of  May  27,  1720,  he 

*  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  25,  p.  225. 


calls  himself  about  78  years  old.'  Bj  both  of  these  statements  of  his  own 
he  must  have  been  born  about  1642.  In  the  old  Family  Bible,  mentioned 
under  the  bead  of  his  brother,  Lieutenant  John  Pickering,  the  pages  of 
which  were  cut  down  when  it  was  rebound,  there  is  a  mutilated  record 
of  what  may  be  the  birth  of  Jonathan  Pickering,  viz.:  "J.  Pickering 
was  Born  10  of  February  1043."  This  may  have  been  Feb.  10  or  16, 
lG4o.  He  was  married  to  Jane  Cromwell,  March  19,  1G65,  according  to 
the  Salem  records. 

It  has  been  seen  in  the  account  of  his  brother,  John  Pickering,  that 
Jonathan  joined  with  him  in  obstructing  the  building  of  the  new  mill  on 
the  South  River,  and  that  in  1664  an  action  was  brought  against  the  pro- 
prietors of  the  mill  "  for  damming  up  the  Channel  or  river  below  their 
land  and  hindering  them  from  coming  by  water  to  said  land  or  improving 
of  it  for  a  building  place  for  vessels."  Mr.  Upham,  in  his  account  of  this 
suit,  after  quoting  as  above,  adds  :  "  From  this  it  appears  that  the  business 
of  ship  building  was  carried  on,  before  the  Mill  was  erected,  at  that  part  of 
the  South  River  which  is  now  the  Mill  Pond." 

Owing  to  the  building  of  the  mill,  Jonathan  Pickering  was  obliged  to 
discontinue  building  vessels  at  this  point,  and  to  seek  some  other  locality  for 
the  prosecution  of  his  business.  It  appears  from  the  town  records  that  on 
the  19th  of  March,  1668-9,  he  was  allowed  "  to  build  shipping  next  beyond 
the  causeway  at  the  end  of  the  town  if  he  do  not  incommode  the  highway, 
nor  hinder  cattle  from  coming  to  the  salt  water."  Here,  we  suppose,  he 
worked  at  his  calling  for  some  time  ;  but  the  following  grant  from  the  town 
leads  us  to  infer  that  the  place  was  not  altogether  to  his  liking  :  — 

"  Att  a  Generall  towne  meeting  held  y'  23^"^  March  1674  :  —  Yoated  y'  Jonothan  : 
pickering,  hath  graimted  to  him  a  Conuoniant  p""  of  Land  about  Hardies  Couc,for  himself 
&  heires  foreuer,  to  build  Vessells  vpou  and  y''  selectmen  arc  appointed  k  Impowred  to 
Lay  out  y«  same,  &  this  to  bee  full  satisfaction,  for  y"  pTjudice  done  him,  by  stoping  up 
y*  riuer  w*''  y»  Milldam,  Butt  la  case  y°  aboues"?  place,  proves  not  soe  Conueniant  for 
his  Yse  as  hee  expects,  Its  Left  to  y"  selectmen  to  Yew  some  other  place,  &  make 
returne  thereof  to  y'  towne."  ^ 

From  the  length  of  time  since  the  first  interruption  of  his  business  by 
the  building  of  the  mill-dam,  and  the  above  grant  of  the  town,  the  inference 
'  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  37,  p.  126. 
^  Salem  Records,  Vol.  3.  p.  254. 


is  that  Pickering'  was  a  persevering  man,  and  now,  after  some  thirteen  years, 
had  brought  the  town  to  his  own  terms,  ^ye  have  not  met  with  any  agree- 
ments of  his  to  build  vessels,  and  therefore  we  do  not  know  the  names  or 
sizes  of  the  ships  which  he  built,  nor  the  parties  with  whom  he  contracted ; 
but  we  judge  that  he  can-ied  on  his  business  on  a  large  scale,  since  he  is 
mentioned  among  the  four  noted  shipbuilders  of  Salem  during  the  years 
1659  to  1G77. 

In  1668,  he  signed  a  petition  of  two  hundred  and  thirty-three  inhabi- 
tants of  Salem  against  a  duty  of  1  per  cent  on  exports  and  imports  and 
Id.  on  each  bushel  of  grain.^ 

By  the  will  ^  of  John  Alderman  of  Salem,  dated  the  3d  of  the  5th  month 
1657,  Jonathan  Pickering  received  "  my  armes  and  all  my  nursery  of 
apples  trees  at  my  tenn  acre  lott." 

May  18,  1671,  he  gave  a  receipt,  stating  that  he  had  received  full  satis- 
faction from  his  brother  John  Pickering  for  his  part  given  in  his  father's 

The  following  shows  that  he  cared  for  his  mother-in-law,  Mrs.  Ann 
Cromwell,  in  her  old  age :  — 

Jonathan  Pickering  of  Salem,  shipwright,  for  a  valuable  sum  of  money,  viz  : 
£5.17s.  paid  by  Mr.  Benjamin  Browne  of  Salem,  promises  "to  take  care  of  pro- 
vide for  my  mother  Mrs.  Ann  Cromwell  her  full  maintenance,  as  apparell,  diett, 
washing,  lodging  itc.,  both  in  health  and  sickness,  suitable  for  a  wooman  of  her  rank 
k,  quality,  and  all  this  during  her  natural  life,  so  that  the  said  Mr.  Benjamin  Browne 
and  my  brother  in  law  David  Phippen  "  shall  be  forever  released,  etc.     Oct.  22, 1690.* 

Jonathan  and  Jane  (Cromwell)  Pickering  had  the  following  children  :  — 

Jaxe  Pickering,  born  Xov.  27,  1C67,  baptized  Sept.  7,  1671. 

Elizabeth  Pickering,   born  June  2,  1GG9,  baptized  Sept.  7,   1671  ;    married  before 

1697  Xathaniel  Silsby. 
Mart  Pickerin-g,  born  Dec.  1,  1670,  baptized  Sept.  7,  1671. 

A:s-x  Pickering,  bom  Aug.  25,  1672. 

*  ;^Jassachusetts  Archives,  Vol.  60,  pp.  40-41. 

*  Ipswich  Records,  Vol.  1,  p.  197,  in  the  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds. 

*  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  6,  p.  IIS. 

*  Ibid.  Vol.  S,  p.  171. 


Jonathan  Pickebing,  born  ^iray  11,  1G74 ;  biiins  publislitd  ia  Salem  to  Elizabeth 
Snow  of  Boston.  They  evidently  settled  in  Boston,  where 
children  are  found  recorded  to  Jonathan  and  Elizabeth 
Pickering  from  Oct.  27,  1713,  to  April  2'J,  1717. 

Sarah  Pickering,  born  Jan.  25,  1G75-G,  unmarried  March  30,  1715. 

John  Pickering,  baptized  May  19,  1078. 

Hannah  Pickering,      baptized  May  2S,  16S2. 

Samuel  Pickering,        baptized  Aug.  o,  1GS4. 

Mekcy  Pickering,  baptized  Feb.  11,  1710,  at  age;    banns  published  to  Benjamin 

Smith,  April  4,  1713. 

But  three  of  the  above  children  sign  the  following  conveyance  :  — 

Jonathan  Pickering  of  Salem,  shipwright,  for  <£25.  paid  by  Jonathan  Glover  of 
Salem,  house  carpenter  sells  him  10  full  16  parts  of  3^  acres  of  upland  in  Southfield 
30  March  1715. 

We,  the  children,  (to  wit)  y"  sons  and  daughters  of  Jonathan  and  Jane  Pickering, 
his  wife,  for  £4  sell  all  our  right  in  the  above  land  conveyed  by  our  father  30  March 
1715.  Signed,  March  30, 1715,  (all  by  mark),  Nathaniel  Silsby,  Elizabeth  Silsby,  Sarah 
Pickering,  Mercy  Smith. ^ 

1-70.  II.  2.  Jane  Croimvell,  the  wife  of  Jonathan  Pickering,  perhaps 
born  in  England,  probably  died  in  Salem. 

Jane  Pickering  was  admitted  to  full  communion  of  the  First  Church, 
Salem,  Aug.  5,  1694.^  She  was  a  daughter  of  Thomas  and  Ann  Cromwell 
of  Salem.  He  was  a  brother  of  Philip  Cromwell,  a  prosperous  butcher  or 
slaughterer  of  Salem,  who  was  there  as  early  as  Aug.  9,  IG-IT.^ 

In  1649,  Philip  Cromwell  had  a  grant  of  one  hundred  acres,  and  the 
grant  also  allows  him  ten  acres  of  meadow,  if  he  can  find  it  in  the  bounds. 
Philip  Cromwell  made  his  will  March  2,  1687-8  ;  and  it  was  proved  April 
4,  1693.  In  it  he  calls  himself  ancient,  but  otherwise  healthful  in  body, 
and  of  sound  mind.  Among  others  named  in  his  will  are  his  brother  Thomas 
Cromwell,  Jonathan  Pickenng,  his  now  wife  ^largarct,  and  his  son  John 
Cromwell,  who  is  his  executor.*  This  John  Cromwell  lived  in  Salem,  and 
he  also  was  a  butcher  or  slaughterer.  He  made  his  will  Nov.  20,  1G99  ;  and 
it  was  proved  Sept.  27, 1700.    He  willed  a  part  of  his  property  as  follows  : 

»  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  20.  p.  200. 
'  Records  of  the  First  Church,  Salem,  p.  111. 
'  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  1,  p.  3. 
*  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  303,  p.  105. 


To  my  wife  Ilannuh  1  give  one-half  of  my  money,  plate,  and  reading  books,  and 
my  homestead  ;  I  give  £oO  towards  a  writing  and  cyphering  school,  which  shall  be  kept 
within  a  quarter  ot  a  mile  of  y'  meeting  house,  by  Mr.  Walter  Price  in  Salem.  To  niv 
cousins,  Ann  PhipLny,  wife  of  David  Phipeny,  and  Jane  Pickering,  wife  of  Jonathan 
Pickering,  I  give  the  other  half  of  my  money,  plate,  and  reading  books,  and  all  mv 
writing  books  and  writings  ;  and  the  residue  of  the  estate  left  after  my  wife's  decease, 

1  give  one-third  to  each  of  them,  and  the  other  third  to  be  divided  among  their  children. 
To  Jonathan  Pickering  and  to  David  Phipeny  I  give  all  the  goods  I  liave  in  my  mother's 
hands,  and  all  that  I  had  in  Florence  Mecarty's  hands,  which  are  :  "  A  cutting  block, 

2  axes,  2  cleavers,  2  pr.  stiUiards,  6   ropes,  &  y^  pack  saddles." 

The  inventory  of  the  estate  amounted  to  £556  13s.  2d.  Jonathan 
Pickering  was  one  of  the  executors.^ 

Savage  states  that  Giles  Cromwell  of  Xewbury  was  the  father  of  Philip 
and  Thomas  Cromwell  of  Saleui,  that  Thomas  was  of  Newbury  in  1637, 
then  twenty  years  old,  and  that  he  removed  to  Hampton  in  1639,  was  a 
physician,  and  removed  to  Salein.  Thomas  is  also  called  a  doctor  by 
James  A.  Emmerton.^  The  only  Thomas  Cromwell  that  we  have  found  in 
Salem  is  called  a  "  taylor  "  in  a  deed  dated  April  20,  1664.^  In  a  deposition 
dated  June  27,  16S2,  Thomas  and  John  Cromwell  stated  that  they  were 
long  inhabitants  of  Salem,  County  of  Essex,  and  that  they  had  known 
"  Hugh  Joanes  as  one  coming  from  England  in  y"  same  ship  with  us  in  to 
the  contry  above  thirty  yeares  agoe  (&  as  wee  understood  abord  Mr. 
Strattons  ship,)  "  etc.  * 

In  his  will  of  April  27,  1672,  which  was  proved  March  25,  1673,  Giles 
Cromwell  does  not  mention  a  son  Thomas,  but  mentions  a  daughter 
Argentine,  wife  of  Benjamin  Cram,  his  executor,  and  speaks  of  his  "  son 
Philip  Cromwell's  eldest  son  that  shall  live  and  arrive  at  the  age  of  one  and 

Philip  Cromwell  of  Salem,  at  the  time  when  this  will  was  made,  had  a 
son  John  who  was  thirty-seven  vears  old ;  but  this  does  not  seem  to  be 
the  grandson  alluded  to,  for  it  is  hardly  probable  that  Giles  Cromwell  would 
have  intimated  that  his  grandson  had  not  yet  ari'ived  at  the  age  of  twenty- 
one,  when  he  was  in  reality  thirty-seven.     We  are  inclined  to  think  that 

1  Essex  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  307,  pp.  111-112. 

*  See  A  Genealogical  Account  of  Henry  Silsbee  and  Some  of  his  Descendants,  p.  9. 

»  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  6,  p.  97.  ♦  Ibid.  p.  28. 


Giles  was  the  brother,  not  the  fatlier,  of  Philip  and  Thomas  Cromwell  of 
Salem,  and  that  Philip  Cromwell  of  Dover,  1657-1G74,  who  is  mentioned 
by  Savage,  and  who  married  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Thomas  Laighton,  was 
the  "  son  Philip  "  mentioned  in  this  will. 

Ancestry  Table-*   5- 

1-70.  II.  3.    Elizabetli  Pickering  [John  1-70.  I.  1],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  ilarch  3,  1644,  died  m  Salem. 

1-70.  II.  4.   Elizabetli  Pickering  [John  1-70.  I.  1],  bom  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Aug.  31,  1645,  died  iu  Salem. 


1-70.  III.  1.  John  Pickering  [Jolm  1-70.  II.  1],  born  in  Salem,  died 
in  Salem.     A  farmer.     Residence  :  Salem. 

Jolm  Pickering  was  a  member  of  the  First  Clmrcli  of  Salem,  as  appears 
by  the  following-  entry  on  the  records:  "  IG  Dec.  KJbS  Ju°  Pickerings 
Jim' Admitted  &  baptized" 

He  inherited  from  his  father  the  homestead  and  engaged  in  farming. 
He  became  a  prominent  citizen,  filling  the  office  of  selectman  in  1710,  171G, 
and  1717,  and  was  a  representative  to  the  General  Conrt  in  1714  and  171G. 
He  was  also  a  prosperous  man,  adding  to  his  patrimony,  so  that  at  his  death 
he  left  a  very  respectable  estate.  Felt^  say.s  of  him:  "His  death  was  a 
loss  to  the  community."  Deacon  Timothy  Pickering  told  his  son,  Colonel 
Timothy  Pickering,  that  the  death  of  his  father,  John  Pickering,  was  caused 
by  a  cancer  in  the  face.  Tins  statement  is  corroborated  by  Dr.  Thomas 
Rodman's  account,  in  wdiich  there  is  the  following  charge  against  John 
Pickering:  — 

"To  my  attendance  in  dressing  his  face  canserated  from  y?  lO'.*"  day  of  y?  3?  mo'.'' 
until  yf  20'."  day  of  yf  G^^  mo'-!^  1719  in  which  time  I  administered  41  doses  of  £  Dolcis 
with  ampitations  &  cauthorisings,  diligently  attending  for  which  1  desarve  according 
to  calculation  ^8.10."- 

John  Pickering's  gravestone  foiTuerly  stood  in  the  private  biu-ial-ground 
of  the  Pickerings,  on  the  Hill.  The  inscription  on  it  has  been  printed  in  the 
New  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Register/  and  reads  as  follows  :  — 

"  Here's  intcrr'd  y"  body  of  Jlr.  Juhn  Pickering  who  died  June  9th.,  A.  Dom. 
1732,  ^tatisq ;    64." 

The  date  of  his  death,  as  printed,  is  certainly  an  error,  and  must  have 
been  made  either  by  the  printer,  the  transcriber,  or  the  stone-cutter.      The 

'  Annals  of  Salem,  by  Joseph  B.  Felt,  p.  374. 

"  Note  of  Octavius  Pickering  in  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering's  :\remorandum  Book. 

»  Vol.  in.  p.  278. 


exact  date  of  his  death  -was  June  19,  1722.  It  is  so  given  in  the  Salem 
records  ;  ^  and  tlie  note-book  of  John  Pickering's  grandson,  Colonel  Timothy 
Pickering,  contains  the  following  :  — 

"  My  fatlier  informed  lue  that  my  grandfather  John  Pickering  died  Tuesday,  June 
10,  1722."     Thi3  is  signed  "  T.  Pickering,  Jr." 

Moreover,  John  Pickering's  -u'ill  was  proved  July  19,  1722  ;  and  in  a 
deposition  made  by  him  jMay  27,  1720,  he  says  he  was  at  that  time  nearly 
sixty-two  years  old. 

An  abstract  of  his  will,  which  was  dated  Nov.  20,  1721,  and  was  proved 
July  19,  1722,  is  as  follows  :  — 

John  Pickering  of  Salem,  county  of  Essex  under  indisposition  of  ))ody  but  of  per- 
fect mind  and  memory 

To  ray  elder  son  Theophilus  Pickering  (besides  the  expenses  of  his  education)  the 
house  and  land  I  bought  of  Timothy  Lindall  near  the  meeting  house  and  my  new 
house  I  built  on  same  land  with  right  of  connuonnge  ;  also  one  half  of  my  pasture  in 
the  Southfield  formerly  called  Jcggles  Point,  and  if  he  is  inclined  to  .sell  the  same, 
his  brother  Timothy  is  to  have  the  first  offer  ;  also  one  half  of  the  land  I  bought  of 
William  Hardy,  deceased,  in  the  Southfield  ;  also  my  land  near  James  Darling's  in  Salem 
and  Lynn  bounds;  also  my  part  of  the  land  I  bought  of  John  Woodwell,  deceased, 
near  the  mill,  to  be  in  his  full  possession  Avhen  he  is  twenty-two.  To  him  my  land  in 
the  Glass-house  field  after  my  wife's  decease  provided  she  doth  not  sell.  To  him  the 
one-half  of  my  pew  in  the  meeting  house,  after  my  wife's  decease,  and  also  my  silver 
tankard  at  her  decease. 

To  my  son  Timothy  Pickering  nil  that  was  my  father's  homestead,  viz.  The  dwell- 
ing house,  barn,  garden,  orchard  and  all  land  adjoining;  cider  mill  in  the  barn; 
all  privileges  belonging  to  said  homestall ;  also  my  part  of  the  Broadfield  by  the  mill 
jiond  with  the  orchard  and  all  the  benefits  ;  also  land  in  the  field  that  was  Col. 
Hathorne's  ;  also  half  of  my  pasture  in  the  Southfield  formerly  known  as  Jeggles'  Point, 
and  if  he  is  ever  inclined  to  sell  it,  to  give  his  brother  Theophilus  the  first  offer;  also  the 
other  half  of  the  land  I  bought  of  William  Hardy,  deceased,  in  the  Southfield  ;  also  my 
part  of  More's  lot  in  the  Southfield  ;  also  my  part  of  that  land  near  Holme's,  also  that 
part  of  the  same  hind  wliich  my  father  gave  me  as  part  of  the  real  estate  not  specified 
in  his  will ;  also  half  of  Harwoods  lot  so  called  in  the  Southfield  ;  also  I  give  him 
whatsoever  of  my  grandfather  Flint's  estate  doth  or  may  of  right  belong  imto  me,  and 
all  common  rights,  except  those  two  given  Theophilus;  only  my  wife  shall  have  two 
common  rights  during  her  life,  all  of  which  shall  remain  iu  the  hands  of  my  execu- 

1  Vol.  2,  p.  86. 


tors,  until  he  is  twenty-two,  tlun  he  to  be  in  full  iiossessiou.  I  also  then  give  him  my 
implements  of  husbandry.  I  siivc  him  my  liomestcad  wliere  I  now  dwell  after  the 
decease  of  my  wife,  with  the  commonage  thereof.  I  grant  him  liberty  to  improve  one 
half  of  it  when  he  comes  to  the  age  set,  provided  he  lives  here  himself,  either  single 
or  with  family,  but  he  shall  not  rent  it  in  my  wife's  lifetime.  I  also  give  him  the 
other  half  of  my  pew  in  the  meeting  house  after  my  wife's  decease. 

To  my  daughter  Lois  Orne,  one  hundred  poles  of  land  I  bought  of  Mr.  Joseph 
Aadrews,  near  the  lower  meeting  house  ;  also  £30  more  by  m\-  son  Timothy,  as  is  after 
mentioned,  besides  what  I  have  already  given  her. 

To  uiy  daughter  Sarah  Hardy  the  house  and  land  I  bought  of  Mr.  Joseph  An- 
drews, except  what  I  have  given  to  my  daughter  Lois  Orne  ;  she  to  have  the  use  of  said 
house  and  land  during  her  natural  life,  and  after  her  decease  to  be  equally  divided 
among  her  children  by  Joseph  Hardy.  I  also  give  her,  to  make  use  of,  all  she 
hath  of  mine  in  her  hands,  for  her  life,  then  to  be  divided  among  her  children. 

To  my  daughter  Eunice  Pickering  .£170. 

To  my  loving  wife  Sarali  Pickering  ray  homestead  where  I  now  dwell,  with  the 
right  of  commonage  during  her  natural  life,  then  to  my  son  Timothy,  (as  was  said). 
To  her  I  give  my  negro  girl  Maria;  also  my  pew  in  tlie  meeting  house  during  her 
natural  life,  then  to  be  my  two  sons  as  aforesaid  ;  also  full  power  to  make  a  legal  sale 
of  land  in  the  Glass  House  field,  but  if  it  is  unsold  at  her  death,  then  to  my  son  Tlie- 
ophilus ;  also  power  to  sell  house  and  land  I  bought  of  Daniel  Webb,  deceased ;  also  I 
give  her  fire  wood.  I  give  to  her  all  the  rest  of  my  estate  to  pay  my  lawful  deljts, 
funeral  charges,  and  legacies,  and  for  her  comfortable  maintainance,  and  she  may  dis- 
pose of  personal  estate  as  she  will  unto  my  children,  and  if  any  be  left  at  her 
decease  it  shall  be  equally  given  unto  my  three  daughters,  Lois,  Sarah,  and  Eunice. 
My  son  Timothy  to  pay  my  daughter  Eunice  ^60  when  twenty-five  years  of  age  and 
£20  more  at  or  before  my  wife's  decease,  and  to  pay  to  my  daughter  Lois  Orne  <£30 
at  my  wife's  decease,  and  I  order  him  to  provide  fire  wood  for  my  wife  while  she  is 
my  w-idow.  If  either  of  my  two  sons  Theopliilus  or  Timothy  die  before  twenty-two 
years  of  age,  then  his  part  to  go  to  the  survivor. 

My  wife  Sarah  Pickering  and  my  son  Theophilus  Pickering  to  be  my  executors.^ 

This  above  will  is  signed  and  sealed  by  Jolin  Pickering.  Tlie  seal  is 
a  lion  rampant.  A  heliotype  of  it  and  tlie  signature  has  been  given  facing 
page  10. 

1-70.  III.  1.  Sat-aJi  Burr  ill,  the  wife  of  John  Pickering,  born  in 
Lynn,  died  In  Salem. 

Mrs.  Pickering  is  said,  by  her  descendants,  to  have  been  a  very  sensible 
woman  and  possessed  of  considerable  accomplishments  for  the  time  in 
»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  313,  pp.  47G-479.,  V. 


=  .\f.,rtha 

h.  10,15,  lG."iS:  J.  12.  10,  1721. li 

C-T  ; 

b.  7,  1-),  1G79  ; 

d.  9,  0,  17iil  ;    will 

b.  7,   12 

[,ivent"rv,i2'i.M.i5.n.     Towni, 


prove.l    10,    19 

1761;     inventory. 

9,   1760; 

vs.irs;    Spca''*''  "'  vljis;    Coi 

£2182.19.6:  I. 

nn.  Uepresentative 

1702.    d 

thiirch:  m.  7,  28,  I'j^u,  Marv  1 

and  Councillor 

thew    Fa 

,1.  5.  22,   172S;    dau.  of  hichs 

was  on  the  e^t 

ate  belonging  to  K. 



Marv.                      L^is, 


„Le.             Uli. 


=   Anna. 

b.8,2-l,lf;H3:m.     b.2,15,  l70()-il 

b.  If 

27.1713;     b.  8.  7, 

b.  4.  1,1717;  d.  .0. 

h.  1721 

(pub.9,30.1715)    ri.2,22.1720J.S 


2I,17.;0;      1715;d. 

3,1797:  adm.  0.5, 


/ohn  Lewis,  of     m    Kobj.v 

ni.  - 

-,  i74.;-4,    0,     \:,, 

1797:    Lvnn  Kep- 

Lvnn.                                             'I 

reseutative    Jleni- 

2,  :i 


ber  of  ilie  Conven- 


2S,  nus; 

tion     for    forming 


ard  Green 

[9.  ^ 

i.  21J. 


jton,  of         min 

Potter;    h 


d.  4.  25 




h.  4, 15.171fi;d. 

b.  2.  25 

9,  15,  1748:    ni. 


12,     25,     17-15. 

m.  111,20 

Thomas    HilU, 

of  Maiden. 



b.  8,  29, 
1726;  d. 
12,     14, 

.   Ann.                 JcsJ, 
Thompson,       h.  6,'; 
b.  2,  24,1729;     1723; 
d.  4, 15, 1798;     12, 
m.  1,26, 1749.     1791; 
tied, 1740. 

Martha                 Marv,      Beniamin, 
Ntvhall,            b.  2.  6,       b.  8,   14, 
b.  2.  23. 1742-3 :     1743  ;         1 745. 

m.  5,   3,   1762;     m. 

dan.   of  Benja-    Collins. 
miu  and  Eliza- 
beth     (Fowle) 


ezer.         Maitha, 
747-8.     b.  7.  23, 



Joseph.     Haniiar 

1                           1                     1              1                1 
Lvdia,             Ebenezer.       Eva.     Henry,     Nathan. 
2,26,1779.     b.  7,  9,  1781. 



b.  11,  21, 
1749;  d. 
10,      20, 

=  Ann 




b.    17 






Bf.xjami.v  =  Manj 




b.  8, 14,  1787. 

h.3,6,  ; 

Did  he  m.  in 

2.      21.' 

1811,      Sallv 


Curtis:     an"d 

2d,     Hannah 

Graves  V 


m.  9.  28,  1806; 
dau.  of  .Jo-epli 
and  Marv  (In- 
galls)  Johnson. 




6,  10,"17 


h.  1 

■31:  d.3 



9,  15,  1< 



:   ni.  4, 



.  Tbeouh 


1804.  JIarvl 

Clark.    ■ 


b.  17S6 



19,     18 




:  Almirn  Bree~ 

Attn- ill. 
h.  2.   14,   ISi: 
d.  11,  18.  IS'i: 
m.  11,26,  183 
dau.  of  Georf 


I  I 

Marv  Ann,  Mercv. 

b.  6.  3,  1814;  b.  8,  31,iSI7; 

d.  12,23,1886;  d.  5. 18.1863: 

111.  12.-.  1837,  in.4. -.  1854, 

David    Vick-  Kiobard 

erv.  Johnson. 

E.Spinnev,  d.  2 
10,  1863.  ■ 

Abbv  Maria,      Geori,-e  R.irtlptt,        William  Abbott, 
b.  9,  0,  1845.        b.  12,  22.  1.S4S;         b.  7,  29,  1805. 
d.  4,  27,  1867. 

John  Hanc. 
b.  8,  .3,  177 
d.  12,  6,  li: 

Eliza  Thompson,      FTa 

,26,  l.'^Ol;     b.  11, 






wliirli  »Iie  livfd.''  From  the  tbllowiii;^'-  aeccnmt,  we  learn  wlu-re  .she  sat  in 
meeting,  and  the  importance  attached  to  ^eating-  peu}»le  in  the  phice  of 
public  worship.  It  is  also  interesting  as  showing,  to  a  certain  extent,  the 
social  position  of  the  Pickering  family. 

"  Coppy  of  note  sent  to  Mrs.  Mercy  Marston  about  her  setting  in  Mrs  Osgood's 
seat  in  y'  2°  pew. 

"  1714. 

"I  am  to  Inforrae  you  y'  the  Wid°  M'?  Mary  Gedney,  Capt  Osgood's  wife,  M' 
Kcysor's  wife,  Cap.'  Willard's  wife,  Mf  Jn°  Piclcering's  wife,  M?  Tho.  Flint's  wife,  are 
Placed  in  the  Second  Pew  in  the  meeting  House  w"in  The  first  Parrish  in  Salem 
tt  whereas  you  have  Remoued  M?  Osgood's  Chair  <t  Seated  yo-Self  in  her  Place  (you 
your  Self  having  never  been  placed  in  S'^  pew)  you  are  desired  to  refrain  taking  The 
Same  place  or  any  of  the  places  of  the  psons  Aboue  mentioned  for  tlie  future,  it 
being  111  resented  by  all  that  observe  the  same  Sc  all  psons  ought  to  observe  order  in 
all  things  &  places,  Especially  in  the  Church  at  the  Publick  Worship,  w"^''  wee  desire 
you  will  take  notice  of  k  Conform  your  Self  accordingly. 
"  Per  order  of  the  Selectmen. 

"  Walter  Price,  Town  Cler. 
"To  Mrs  Mercy  Marston,  Jun'r. 
Salem,  Aprill  10th,  1714."  2 

Mrs.  Pickering  snrvived  her  husband  a  quarter  of  a  centur}-.  The  in- 
scription upon  her  gravestone,  which  formerly  stood  with  her  husband's  in 
the  private  burying  ground  of  the  Pickerings,  on  the  Hill,  is  printed  in  the 
New  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Register,'^  as  follows:  — 

"  Here  lies  buried  y^  body  of  Mrs.  Sarah  Pickering,  widow  of  Mr.  John  Pickering. 
Died  Dec^  y"  27th.  1714." 

The  date,  as  above  printed,  is  wrong.  The  original  memorandum-book 
of  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering,  in  his  own  handwriting-,  says  she  died  Dec. 
"27,  1747,  in  her  eighty-sixth  year,  and  several  other  authorities  agree  in  this 
date.     She  was  certainly  alive  Oct.  IC,  17"22,  when  she  joined  with  Theophi- 

*  See  the  Gardner  Family  EccorJ,  now  in  possession  of  Geors^e  A.  Gardner  [53. 
VI 11.  G14]. 

"  See  Gleaning  from  the  files  of  the  Court,  printed  in  the  Essex  Institute  Histori- 
cal Collections,  Vol.  XI.  p.  239. 

•  Vol.  III.  p.  278. 


lus  Bimill,  Kbciuzcr  Ikirrill,  IJcnjainin  Potter  and  -wife  Ruth,  John  Lewis 
and  wife  ]\Iarv,  in  releasing  their  right  to  a  house  and  land  in  Boston,  to 
Mary,  widow  of  John  Burrill,  Esq.^ 

Mrs.  Pickering  belonged  to  an  influential  and  well-known  family,  called 
the  royal  family  of  Lynn,  on  account  of  the  many  fomous  persons  connected 
with  it.^  Her  grandfather,  George  Burrill,  came  to  Lynn  soon  after  the  first 
settlement,  and  was  one  of  the  richest  planters  in  the  town,  fie  lived  on  the 
west  side  of  Tower  Hill,  and  owned  two  hundred  acres  of  land.  Her  father. 
Lieutenant  John  Burrill,  was  a  selectman,  a  representative  in  the  General 
Court,  and  prominent  in  other  ways.  He  bequeathed  to  her  £120.  Her 
mother  was  Lois,  daughter  of  Thomas  Ivory.  Her  brothei-s,  Hon.  John 
Burrill,  the  Speaker  of  the  House  of  Representatives,  and  Hon.  Ebeuezer 
Burrill  were  veiy  distinguished  men.  She  is  mentioned  in  both  of  their  wills. 
Some  old  silver  spoons  which  come  from  both  the  Burrill  and  the  Pickering 
families  were  in  the  possession  of  the  late  Jonathan  Goodhue  in  1835,  and 
are  now  owned  by  his  granddaughter,  Mrs.  Percy  Rivington  King  [19.  IX. 
279].  They  are  probably  examples  of  the  early  manufacture  of  the  country, 
for  they  are  rudely  made.     They  bear  the  following  letters  :  — 

A  B  S  P  H 


^''''''   >I    S  IP  I  M 

There  are  in  the  possession  of  the  First  Church  of  Lynn  eight  pieces 
of  plate  belonging  to  tlie  communion  service,  four  of  which  were  presented 
by  the  Hon.  John  Burrill  and  four  by  Theophilus  Bun-ill,  Esq.  Those  of 
the  former  consist  of  a  tankard  and  three  cups,  thus  inscribed  :  — 

The  Gift  of  the  Honorable 
John  Burrill  Esqf 
to  the  first  Church  in  Lynn 
December  the  10"^  1721 

Those  given  by  Theophilus  Bun-ill  consist  of  a  baptismal  basin,  a  tankard 
and  two  cups,  all  bearing  the  Burrill  coat  of  arms  and  the  following 
inscription  :  — 

»  Suffolk  County  Eegistry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  37,  p.  122. 

*  See  the  History  of  Lynn,  by  Alonzo  Lewis  and  James  R.  Newhall,  p.  116. 


By  the  Hon.  John   Btrrill,  Esq.,  and  Thlophilus   Burrill,  Esq.,  oi 
Lynn,  Brothers  of  S.\rah  Burrill  [1-70.     III.     i.]. 


r       ~f  -''^'' 

f— --^ 



.^^.  '%J 




,  -^ 



1   -,C 


MxaSb.-.  A  ^  -jo^. 



The  Gift  of  The.;.  Burrill,  E6i{ 
to  the  first  Church  of  Christ  in 
A  lieliotype  of  tliis  silver  is  here  given.     There  is  also  in  possession  of 
Raymond  Lee  Wartl,  Esq.,  of  New  York,  a   silver  can  beaiing   the  arms 
o(  Ward   impaling   Burrill ;    this  can  was  handed  down  to  ^Ir.  Ward  from 
Joshua  Ward,  who  married,  Jan.  21,  1747,  Mrs.  Lydia  [Burrill]  Hawks. 

Mrs.  Pickering  was  a  daughter  of  John  and  Lois  [Ivory]  Burrill  of 
Lynn.  Iler  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Burrill,  Ivory, 
South.      See   AxcESTRY  Tables    '^. 

1-70.  III.  2.  Jonathan  Pickering  [John  1-70. 11. 1],  born  in  Salem, 
Sept.  27,  1660,  probably  died  young  in  Salem. 

1-70.  III.  3.  Joseph.  Pickering  [John  1-70.  IL  1],  born  in  Salem, 
Sept.  9,  1663,  probably  died  young  in  Salem. 

1-70.  III.  4.  Benjamin  Pickering  [John  1-70.  II.  1],  born  in  Salem, 
Jan.  15,  1665-6,^  died  before  Xov.  6,  1718.    A  mariner.    Residence:   Salem. 

It  is  probable  that  Benjamin  Pickering  was  bred  to  the  trade  of  a  ship- 
wright ;  but  he  was  chietiy  engaged  in  maritime  pursuits,  following  the 
sea  as  a  sliipmaster.  Perhaps,  in  1702,  he  had  given  up  going  to  sea,  for, 
on  June  22d  of  that  year,  he  conveyed  land  to  his  brother  Vv'illiam,  and 
in  the  deed  he  is  called  "  yeoman  alias  shipwright."-  In  deeds  of  1695 
and  1696,  he  is  called  "mariner,"'  and  in  1698,  he  is  called  "shipwright  or 
mariner."  ^ 

He  made  an  agreement  with  his  brother  William,  July  26,  1701,  to 
divide  the  property  left  them  by  their  father.  By  this  agieement  he  was 
to  have  the  -west  part  of  the  house  with  one  of  the  ovens  and  half  of  the 
cellar,  the  eastern  part  of  the  great  barn,  one-third  part  of  the  north  leanto 
and  all  the  land  to  the  westward.  In  this  document  he  is  called  "  yeoman 
or  shipwright."  * 

'  This  is  the  date  given  in  the  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  III.  page  12. 
Savage  gives  -Tan.  11  or  1.5,  1C66,  and  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland  gave  this  date  as  Jan.  11. 
'  Essex  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  16,  p.  85. 
»  Ibid.  Vol.  14,  p.  17G,  Vol.  11.  p.  1?,:,,  ,and  Vol.  1,3,  p.  241. 
*  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  307,  p.  179. 



It  is  evident  that  lie  took  part  in  the  Indian  war,  for  July  24,  167(i, 
£■4  lOi'.  was  credited  to  "  Benjamin  Pickerin  "  for  military  service  at  the 
garrison  at  (Brookiiehl)  Quaboge.^ 

Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  to  Jane  Pickering,  widow  and 
relict,  Nov.  12,  1718,  Richard  Palmer,  trader,  and  Thomas  Brewer,  miller, 
both  of  Salem,  giving  boud.^  Ou  July  IG,  1719,  Mrs.  Pickering  exhibited 
an  inventory  of  tlie  estate  which  declared  the  property  to  amount  to  £274 
IO5.  C(/.     On  Oct.  2(j,  1723,  she  rendered  an  account  of  her  administration.'' 

Benjamin  Pickering  has  more  descendants  wlio  bear  the  name  of  Picker- 
ing than  any  of  ids  brothers.     Ilis  children  were  as  follows :  — 

Benjamin  Pickerixg,  born  April  10,  1C>99,  died  before  1747. 

William,  [CO-70.  IV.  iO"],  born  Aug.  3,  1700;  died  Feb.  17,  17G5 ; 
married  his  cousin  Eunice  (Pickering)  Xeal  [GO-70.  IV.  10] 
April  6,  1738. 

Edward  Pickering,  born  Xov.  18,  1701,  died  in  his  93d  year.  He  married 
March  12,  1724,  Hannah  Gowiug,  of  Lynn,  and  removed  to 
Mendon,  in  which  section  his  descendants  are  numerous. 

Alice  Pickering,  born  Xov.  19,  1703,  married  Sept.  29.  1720,  .Jonathan  Gaskill. 

Their  descendants  in  Vermont  and  Xew  Hampshire  are 
numerous.  OJlve  Buffuui  [62.  VI.  12S'],  and  Oih-e  Buffinn 
[68.  VI.  ISSl,  were   her  granddaughter   and   great    grand- 

Jane  Pickering, 
Joseph  Pickering, 

Mart  Pickeri: 

bom  Dec.  10,  1704,  d.  before  1747;  married  July  17,  1723, 
Samuel  Aborne,  and  left  descendants  in  Salem. 

born  in  1711.  died  March  S,  1790,  aged  79 ;  married  first,  June 
14,  1733,  Sarah  Symonds.  He  married  second,  in  17r>8, 
Mary,  widow  of  John  Proctor  of  Salem.  His  descendants  in 
and  about  Salem  are  numerous. 

married  Jan.  16,  1734,  William  Reeves,  who  died  Oct.  2, 
1796,  aged  86. 

1-70.  III.  4-  fTfotc  Hohbi/,  the  wife  of  Benjamin  Pickering,  was  mar- 
ried April  27,  1G93.  She  is  said  to  have  originally  come  from  Plymoutli, 
England.*     Their  man-iafre  is  recorded  on  tlie  Salem  record.^     She  survived 

^  See   Soldiers  in  King  Philip's  War,  by  the  Pev.  George  ]\I.  Bodge,  printed 
New  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Picgister,  Vol.  XXXVIII.  p.  45. 
>  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  312,  p.  434. 
»  Ibid.  Vol.  313,  pp.  22  and  71S. 
*  Nichols  Family  Record ;   \V.  D.  Pickman. 
'  Vol.  2,  p.  39. 


her  liiisbiuid  tliirtv-two  years.     Tlie  following  is  an   abstract  of  her  will, 
which  is  dated  July  20,  1747,  and  which  was  proved  Feb.  25,  175U-51. 

I  Jane  Pickering,  of  Salem  county  of  Essex,  widow,  weak  in  budy,  but  of  sound 

To  my  two  sons  Edward  and  William  Pickering  I  give  all  money  1  have  by  me, 
and  all  that  is  due  mc  by  bond,  or  otherwise,  they  paying  my  debts  and  the  legacies 
I  shall  hereafter  order  thorn  to  pay. 

To  my  son  Joseph  Pickering  all  my  part  of  the  dwelling  house  where  I  now 
dwell  with  all  my  part  of  the  land  adjoining  thereto  in  Salem  aforcs'd,  also  my  warm- 
ing pan  and  great  pott. 

To  ray  daughter  Mary  Reeves,  wife  of  William  Reeves,  one  common  right  in  the 
great  pasture  in  Salem,  also  =£100.  in  bills  of  old  tenor  to  be  paid  her  by  my  sons 
Edward  and  William  Pickering. 

To  my  daughter  Alice  Gaskill  XIO  in  bills  of  old  tenor,  to  be  paid  her  by  my  son 
Joseph  Pickering. 

To  my  two  grand  sons  Samuel  &  Joseph  Aborne  <£5  each  in  bills  of  old  tenor,  to 
be  paid  them  by  my  sons  Edward  and  William  Pickering.  All  the  remainder  of  my 
movables  to  my  two  daughters  Alice  Gaskill  and  Mary  Reeves. 

My  funeral  charges  to  be  paid  by  my  son  Joseph  out  of  liis  part. 

My  sou  Joseph  Pickering  to  be  sole  executor.      Jane   Pickering.^ 
Ancestry  Tables   ^^. 

1-70.  III.  5.  Sarah  Pickering  (John  1-70, 11. 1),  born  in  Salem,  Sept. 
7,  1668,^  died  before  1692,  as  is  shown  by  the  fact  that  John  Buttolph  had 
a  child  in  that  year  by  his  wife  Priscilla. 

Her  children  by  John  Buttolph  were :  — 

John  Buttolph,  born  July  1.  16SS,  died  probably  about  1739,  since,  Aug.  31  of 
that  year,  his  wife  administered  on  his  estate.  He  removed  to 
Boston  where  he  was  a  wine-cooper,  and  there  married,  June 
19,  1710,  :\rehitable  Lord,  who  died  Jan.  22,  1774.  Eight  of 
their  children  are  recorded  on  the  Boston  records,  some  of 
whom  married. 

Han.vah  BuTTOLPir,  born  Dee.  9.  16S9,  married  ^Nfarcli  27,  1710,  Zsatlianiel  Osgood 
of  Salem,  who  was  born  Jan.  6.  16S7,  and  died  in  17i>6.  They 
had  eight  children,  .and  there  are  many  descendants  in  Salem. 

1  Essex  Coimty  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  329,  pp.  48.5-486. 
^  Salem  Records,  Vol.  I.  p.  57. 


1-70.  III.  o.  John  liiittolph,  tlie  liusbaiul  of  Sarali  Piekeriiiy, 
probably  born  in  Salem/  died  iu  Salem  May  10,  1713.  A  baker.  Eesi- 
dence  :    Salem. 

He  was  lieutenant  of  Captain  John  Iligg-inson's  company  of  Salem, 
in  1G94,  and  is  called  by  this  title  July  2,  1C95,  when  land  which  had 
been  granted  to  him  was  laid  out  to  him  by  the  town  —  "one  pole  Broad 
&  one  pole  &  a  half  long  which  is  adjoyning  to  y"  land  formerly  M"' 
peters,  now  in  y"  possession  of  Cap'  George  Corwin."-  Either  this  is  the 
same  land,  or  a  piece  adjoining  the  land  granted  to  his  father,  for  the  same 
records  from  Avhich  the  above  is  quoted  contain  the  following :  — 

March  3,  1661,  John  Buttolph  Iiad  hiiid  granted  to  set  vats  to  dress  leather, 
adjoining  Mr.  Curwin's  laml  which  was  sometime  Jlr.  Peters."' 

His  occupation  and  parentage  are  learned  from  a  deed,  made  Nov.  24, 
1696,  in  which  he  styles  himself  baker,  of  Salem,  eldest  son  of  John 
Buttolph,  late  of  Weathersfield,  Conn.,  trader,  deceased.  By  this  deed 
he  conveys,  for  £54,  a  brick  building  in  Boston  to  Thomas  Walker  of 

On  Sept.  28,  1705,  he  made  the  following  conveyance,  of  which  we  give 
an  abstract :  — 

John  Buttolph.  son  and  heir  of  John  Buttolph,  heretofore  of  Boston,  late  of 
Weathersfield.  Conn,  glover,  deceased  for  £270  paid  by  Abraham  Blisli  of  Boston, 
hat-maker,  with  PriseiUa  my  wife  sell  my  brick  messuage  in  Boston,  in  occupation 
of  John  Edwards,  goldsmith,  lying  betwixt  the  messuage  of  Abraham  Blish  and  the 
housing  and  land,  belonging  to  the  heirs  of  my  late  uncle  Thomas  Buttolph  late  of 
Boston,  glover,  deceased,  in  present  possession  of  JIary  Sweet  widow  and  his  son 
Nicholas  Buttolph  of  Boston,  booksoUer.o 

'  Dr.  Henry  Wiieatland  gives  the  date  of  his  birtli  as  May  IS,  1673 ;  but  this  is  really 
the  date  of  his  brother  Samuel's  birth.  1G62  is  tlie  date  derived  from  the  inscription 
on  his  gravestone,  but  this  is  probably  an  error,  for  his  father  did  not  marry  Hannah 
Gardner  till  Oct.  IG,  16C3,  and  their  first  child  was  John,  b.  April  11,  1664,  whose  death 
is  recorded  April  23.  16C5.  Are  the  records  in  error  as  to  the  name  of  the  child  whose 
.  death  is  thus  given  ?  The  grantor  of  the  deed  cited  above  certainly  calls  himself  the 
eldest   child. 

"  Salem  Eecords,  Vol.  6.  p.  26.  a  Ibid.  Vol.  3,  p.  29. 

*  Suffolk  County  Registry  of,  Vol.  17,  p.  326.  ^  Ibid.  Vol.  22,  p.  338. 


His  gravestone,  in  the  Charter  Street  burying-grouud,  Sulera,  is 
inscribed  as  tullows  :  — 




LIFE   MAY   Ye   loth 

1713   AGED 

51    YEARS. 

Lieutenant  Buttolph  had  a  second  wife  named  Priscilla,  who  ad- 
ministered upon  his  estate  July  2,  1713,'  and  it  proved  that  he  had  died 
insolvent.  On  July  23,  1722,  Priscilla  Buttolph  married  Deacon  Simon 
Willard.  She  died  June  21,  1731.  By  Lieutenant  Buttolph  she  had 
three  children  :  — 

Peiscilla  Buttolph,      born  July  31,  1692. 
Sarah  Buttolph,  born  Jan.  20,  1C93. 

"WiLLiAJi  Buttolph,        born  Sept.  7,  1G95  ;  died  Sept.  23,  1720. 

John  Buttolph's  father,  as  we  have  seen,  w\is  also  named  John.  The 
elder  John  was  born  in  Boston,  and  was  a  glover  by  trade  ;  but  he  re- 
moved to  Salem,  where  he  married  Hannah,  daughter  of  George  Gardner. 
Several  of  his  children  were  born  in  Salem  ;  but  as  early  as  1669  he  had 
gone  back  to  Boston,  for  we  find  that  his  son  David  was  born  there  in  that 
year.  Later  on,  several  of  his  other  children  were  born  in  Boston,  the  last 
recorded  being  ^lercy,  born  in  1674.  It  was  probably  at  about  this  time 
that  he  removed  to  Weathersfield,  Conn.  He  may  have  been  induced  to 
go  there  by  the  fact  tliat  his  wife's  father,  George  Gardner,  had  removed 
from  Salem  to  Hartford,  Conn.,  where  he  afterwards  died.  He  man-ied 
again,  and  died  in  Weathersfield,  leaving  a  large  estate  there  and  in 
Boston.  His  father,  Thomas  Buttolph,  was  also  a  glover  living  in  Bos- 
ton. In  1635,  Thomas,  at  the  age  of  thirty-two,  came  in  "the  Abigail" 
from  London  with  his  wife  Ann,  who  was  twenty-four  years  old.  He 
joined  the  First  Church  in  September,  1639,  and  there  his  children  were 

*  Esse.x.  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  311,  p.  7 ;  files  No.  4,376. 

^  A  Genealogical  Dictionary  of  The  First  Settlers  of  New  England,  by  James  Savage, 
LL.D.,  Vol.  I.  p.  323. 


The  family  name  was  kept  .alive  in  Boston  by  Buttolph  Street  from 
1733  to  1855,  when  tlie  name  was  changed  to  Irving  Street.  Irving  Street 
leads  from  Cambridge  Street  to  Myrtle  Street. 

John  Bnttolph's  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Buttolph, 
Gardner,    Frier,    Orne.      See  Ancestry  Tables   ^^. 

1-70.  III.  6.  Edward  Pickering  [John  1-70.  11.  1],  bom  in  Salem, 
prob.ably  died  in  Salem. 

Perhaps  his  place  in  the  genealogy  should  be  between  William  and 
Elizabeth  rather  than  as  here  given. 

1-70.  III.  7.  William  Pickering  [John  1-70.  11.  1],  bom  in  Salem, 
Jan.  11,  1670-71.     A  shipmaster.     Residence:    Salem. 

In  many  respects,  Captain  Pickering  was  the  most  distinguished  member 
of  the  family  in  his  generation.  He  followed  the  sea  many  years,  both  in 
a  private  and  in  a  public  capacity,  making  voyages  to  various  foreign  and 
domestic  ports.  We  leara  from  his  will  that  in  1701,  he  was  "  bound  to 
Sea  &  desine  to  go  to  Bilboa  in  the  Kingdom  of  Spaine." 

He  was  engaged  in  commerce,  as  is  learned  from  bills  of  lading  and 
other  papers.  One  of  these,  dated  at  Salem,  Jan.  12,  1699-1700,  shows  that 
he  shipped  to  Antigua,  W.  I.,  by  the  Ketch  called  the  Lam,  George  Cox, 
master,  "  One  Whightt  Hors  &  too  new  water  hogsetts."  Another  bill  of 
lading,  dated  at  Salem,  Dec.  24,  1707,  shows  that  he  was  interested  with 
Samuel  Browne,  Pliilip  English,  Captain  William  Bowditch,  and  Samuel 
Wakefield  in  the  shipment  of  merchandise  in  the  sloop  Mayflower,  John 
Swasey,  master,  bound  for  Virginia  or  Maryland.^ 

He  commanded  the  Province  Galley  for  protecting  the  fisheries  from 
the  French  and  tlie  Indians,  and  is  said  to  have  been  a  man  of  great 
firmness  and  courage."  The  following  interesting  extract  from  the  memo- 
randum-book of  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  gives  a  good  idea  ot  William 
Pickering's  character  :  — 

"  He"  (Lieutenant  John  Pickcrincr)  "  had  another  son, named  William,  of  whom  I, 
when  a  boy,  heard  mv  father  relate  the  following  story :  That  in  Queen  Anne's  war  (at 
the  beginning  of  the  present  century)  he  was  the  master,  or  skipper,  of  a  fishing  vessel ; 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Culleetions,  Vol.  I.  pp.  97,  172.         *  Ibid.  Vol.  VIII.  p.  44. 


tfi:it  olT  Cape  Brf>ton,  in  calm  weather  he  was  attaekcd  by  a  sliallop  containinfj  about 
thirty  Freiichuieu.  Wiiou  the  eiKiuy  approached,  the  crew  were  for  surrendering 
bein'^  only  six  or  seven  in  number;  but  as  they  had  each  a  mnskei,  and  their  vessel 
•vas  fixed  witli  close  quarters,  William  Pickering,  the  master,  told  them,  if  they  would 
onlv  load  the  guns,  he  would  lire  them  all  himself.  They  did  so.  As  the  Frenchmen 
rowed  up  astern  and  came  within  musket  shot,  he  began  to  lire  out  of  the  cabin  win- 
dows. They  rowed  the  faster,  but  lie  continued  firing  till  they  got  up  to  tlie  stern  ; 
tiien  he  shut  fast  the  cabin  windows,  and  they  all  ran  forward  to  the  forecastle,  in 
wliich  were  loopholes.  By  the  time  they  had  reached  the  forecastle,  the  Frenchmen 
were  climiiing  over  the  stern.  He  renewed  his  fire,  and  in  the  whole  defence  of  his 
vessel,  killed  and  wounded  so  many,  that  the  survivors  t0(jk  to  their  shallop,  and 
rowed  off  as  expeditiously  as  possible.  This  signal  act  of  bravery  and  good  conduct 
procured  him  great  applause,  and  occasioned  his  appointment  to  the  command  of  the 
Boston  Galleij,  a  ship  which  had  been  provided  and  armed  by  tlie  Province  of  Massa- 
chusetts for  the  protection  of  its  commerce."  ^ 

We  have  not  ascertained  the  date  when  this  exploit  occurred,  but 
suppose  it  was  not  long  before  the  following  commission  and  instructions 
were  issued.  They  were  both  dated  August  1,  1707.  In  the  original 
papers  the  name  of  the  ves.^el  is  not  given,  a  blank  space  being  left  to  be 
filled  in.  Whether  it  was  the  Province  Galley,  we  cannot  say,  but  it  is 
certain  from  later  papers  in  the  Massachusetts  Archives,  as  well  as  from  his 
commission  of  1709,  that  he  commanded  that  vessel. 

"  Commission  and  Instructions  to  Capt"  W™  Pickering. 

"  Joseph  Dudley  EsqT  Cap?  Gen!  <t  Govf  in  Chief  in  and  over  Her  Ma'^"' 
Province  of  the  Massa.  Bay  in  N.  Engl^  and  Vice  Admiral  of  the  same 
To  Cap*  W"  Pickering,  Greeting. 
"  Upon  Application  to  me  made  by  Major  Steph"!  Sewall  and  Cap'  Edw  Brattle  for 
themselves  and  others  concern'd  in  the  Fishery,  for  Licence,  at  their  own  charge  to 
arme   man   and   Equip  in   warlike   manner  the  whereof  you  are   Com- 

mauder,  to  attend  and  Guard  their  Fishing  Vessells  dcsign'd  to  make  Voyages  in 
the  Eastern  parts  at  and  about  Cape  Sables,  ag'  y'  Insults  of  Her  Ma"^^  Encmys  the 
French  and  y=  Indian  Enemy  k  Rebels.  In  virtue  of  the  Power  and  Authority  in 
and  by  Her  Ma'-'''  Royal  Commission  to  me  Granted,  I  do,  by  these  presents.  Reposing 
Special  Trust  and  Confidence  in  yo''  Loialty  courage  &  good  Conduct,  Licence  you  to 
arme  and  Equip  the  said  Vessell  accordingly,  and  do  constitute  it  Appoint  you  the  s* 
W"  Pickering  to  be  Captain  of  y"  s*  and  of  y°  Conip*  to  her  belonging,  as 

well  Saylours  and  Souldiers,  and  authorize  you  w'"  your  s''  Vessell  &  men  to  war  fight 

'  See  also  the  Life  of  Timotliy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  pp.  3-4. 


Kill  and  Exercise  all  Acts  of  hostility  upon  and  against  lier  ila'T'  said  Enemys  A 
Rebels,  their  Yessells  Boates  and  Goods  to  take  and  make  prize  of.  Willins;  yon  to 
keep  yof  men  in  good  order  and  Discipline;  Hereby  Commandini?  them  to  obey  y^ju 
as  Their  Captain,  And  you  are  to  observe  and  follow  the  Orders  and  Instructions  here- 
with given  you  and  such  other  Orders  as  you  shall  receive  from  my  Selfe  for  Her 
Maj''''  Service.  Tlii.^  Connuissiou  to  continue  in  force  by  the  sjiace  of  four  months 
next  comeing,  If  the  War  with  franco  so  long  last.  Given  under  my  hand  and  Seal 
at  armcs  at  Boston  the  first  day  of  August. 

"  By  his  Ex'^^"  Command  "  Signed.  J.  Dudlet.i 

"  I.  Addington  Secry." 

"  Province  of  the 

Massa.  Bay.  "  By  his  Excellency  the  Governo'  &'. 

"  Instructions  to  be  Observed  by  Captain  William  Pickerin 
Commander  of  the 

"In  Pursuance  of  the  Commission  given  you  to  arme  man  and  Equip  in  warlike 
manner  the  s'^  at  the  charge  of   your  Owners  and  other  Imployers  to 

attend  and  Guard  the  Fishing  Yessells,  Design'd  to  make  Voyages  in  the  Eastern 
parts  at  and  about  Cape  Sables,  against  the  Insults  of  Her  Maj'^'  Enemys  the  French 
and  the  Indian  Enem\  &  Rebels. 

•'  I  do  hereby  permit  you  to  Entertain  on  board  yo-  s"?  Vessell  such  Saylours  and 
Souldiers  to  the  number  of  Twenty-five  or  thirty  (not  otherwise  engaged)  that  shall 
Toluntarily  enter  themselves  tt  agree  to  Serve  under  yo'  Command,  whome  you  are  to 
Govern  well. 

"  You  are  from  time  to  time  to  take  imder  your  care  and  convoy  the  Fishing 
Yessells,  in  a  Fleet,  both  out  and  home  and  attend  them  on  the  Fishing  Ground  and 
in  the  harbours ;  Keeping  them  so  near  together  as  their  Fishing  may  allow,  that 
you  may  be  the  better  able  to  cover  and  Protect  them  who  are  to  be  perfectly  under 
your  direction. 

"  And  in  case  you  meet  with  or  be  attacked  by  any  of  the  Enemy,  you  may,  upon 
such  Exigence,  take  a  man  out  of  Each  Yessell,  further  to  reinforce  you. 

"You  are  to  take  Special  care  in  the  Executing  of  your  Commission  to  Observe 
Her  Maj'^;  Laws  and  Royal  Proclamation  relating  to  Sea  Commissions  and  Letters  of 
Marque  ;  and  not  to  Infringe  or  breake  any  of  thom.  And  to  give  me  advise  of  all 

"  Given  under  my  hand  at  Boston  the  first  day  of  August  1707.     In  the  Sixth 
year  of  Her  Maj'-"  Rtign. 

sign'd  J.  Dudley."^ 

1  Massachusetts  Archives,  Yol.  63,  p.  91.  »  Ibid.  YoL  63,  p.  90. 




I.  - 

..>i>^-.  .- 


•■iMii    ilBfiyi 

tamtam  -     -^v. 

\Vn,LIAM    PICKERING.    ' 

[1-70.    in.   7.1 

Commission   ok   Captain   William    Pickkrino   as   Commander   of  the 
Province  Gallev. 


p'rom  otlicr  Joounu'iits  found  aniony  tlie  ^[assivcluisotts  Archives  we 
learn  tliat  on  February  26,  1708,  a  conunittee  consisting  of  Captain  Cham- 
bers, Mr.  Baring,  and  Captain  Hutchinsim  was  appointed  to  aoree  with 
the  Captain  of  the  Province  Galley  for  his  victualling  that  ship.  On  June 
14,  170!l,  she  was  one  of  fifteen  vessels  taken  up  as  transports  for  the  ex- 
pedition against  the  French,  and  on  the  eighteenth  of  the  same  month 
she  was  ordered  to  be  victualled  for  the  proposed  expedition.  On  August 
23,  1710,  she  was  one  of  fourteen  vessels  equipped  and  ready  to  receive 
the  troops  for  the  expedition.  She  is  \n\i  down  as  carrying  fifty  men, 
besides  her  owix,  and  at  the  bottom  of  the  list  of  the  vessels  it  is  stated 
that  they  are  all  equipped,  etc.,  except  the  Province  Galley,  which  is  not 
in  port.^  It  is  evident  that  Captain  Pickering  commanded  the  Province 
Galley  at  about  this  time,  for  his  commission  as  "  Captain  of  Iler  Majesty's 
ship  the  Province  Galley"  dated  Jan.  17,  1709,  and  signed  by  Joseph 
Dudley,  is  among  the  Pickering  papers  at  the  Essex  Institute.  A  helio- 
tvpe  of  this  commission  is  here  given. 

From  these  documents  and  others  that  follow,  it  is  certain  that  the 
Province  Galley  joined  the  expedition,  and  left  the  fishing  fleet  without 
suitable  protection  from  the  enemy.  It  doubtless  caused  much  anxiety 
among  the  owners  of  the  vessels  and  their  crews.  This  would  appear  from 
a  petition  on  file  from  Salem,  Marblehead,  Gloucester,  and  other  towns, 
asking  protection  for  the  fleet."  The  General  Court  evidently  realized  the 
exigency  of  the  case,  for  among  the  State  Archives  is  the  following:  — 

"  In  the  House  of  Representatives. 
«  Aug".'  24  :  1710. 
"  lu  as  much  as  the  Province  Galley  is  Taken  of  from  Guarding  the  flRshery  by  Her 
Maj'"'^  Command  to  Assist  in  the  present  Expedition. 

"  Ordered  That  his  Excellency  k  the  Hou^'''  the  Councile  of  War  be  Desired  to 
order  some  Suitable  vessel  from  the  E.xpedition  frequently  to  visit  k  Guard  the  flish- 
ery  at  Cape  Sables,  which  may  also  be  very  serviceable  to  the  ffleet  for  Intelligence. 
"  Read  &  Concurred, 

"  Is-''  Addixgton,  Se'cry.-^ 

1  See  the  :\rassachusetts  Archives,  Vol.  63,  pp.  107,  111,  113,  16o. 

^  Ibid.  Vol.  63,  p.  167.  »  Ibid.  Vol.  63,  p.  168. 


It  appears  from  tlie  t'oUuwint,^  order,  tliat  for  a  short  time  Captain  Pick- 
ering did  not  command  the  Province  GaUey  ;  bnt  it  seems  to  have  been 
decided,  that  he  sliouM  resume  command  in  order  to  yuard  the  fishing  fleet. 

"  In  the  House  of  Representatives. 
"Mar:  16:  1710. 
"  Ordered  That  His  Excellency  the  Govern^  be  Instructed  to  Restore  Capt :  W» 
Pickering  to  the  Command  of  the  Province  Galley. 

"  That  he  be  allowed  after  the  Rate  of  eight  Pounds  p  month  for  the  year  curr'  or 
for  Such  time  thereof,  as  he  shall  bear  that  Command. 

"  And  that,  the  Victualling  of  the  s*  Ship  for  the  year  curr'.  be  in  the  Proportions 
following  vizt : 

"  One  Pound  of  Bread,  Three  Quarts  of  Beer,  &  halfe  a  Pint  of  Peas,  to  a  man  p 

"  And  Two  ilesse  Pieces  of  Meat,  to  five  men  p  day. 
"  Sent  up  for  Concurrence  "  John  Clark  Speaker 

"  In  Council 
"Mar.  16'"  1710,1.     • 

"  Read  and  Concurred  Is*  Addington  Secry."  ^ 

It  may  be  that  there  was  an  intention  of  again  taking  the  Province 
Galley  away  from  her  duties  on  the  fishing  grounds,  or  the  following 
resolve  may  have  been  presented,  so  that  there  should  be  no  possibility 
that  the  coast  should  be  left  unguarded. 

"  Aug  24, 1711 

"  Resolved  That  the  Province  Galley  being  built  at  the  charge  of  this  Province, 
and  for  the  Defence  of  this  Coast,  and  Security  of  Trade,  cant  be  Imployed  for  any 
other  use,  but  by  the  Consent  of  the  General  Assembly. 
"  Sent  up  for  Concurrence 

John  Burrill,  Speaker. 
"  In  Council."  ^ 

An  anecdote,  whicli  still  further  shows  Captain  Pickering's  fortitude,  is 
related  by  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering,  who  heard  it  from  his  father.  In 
his  memorandum-book,  he  says,  "  Being  afflicted  with  a  corn  on  one  of  his 
toes,  he  went  to  a  joiner's  shop  .  .  .  put  his  foot  on  a  block,  and  taking  up 
a  mallet  and  chisel,  struck  otf  tlie  otTending  toe,  an  instance  of  hardihood 
extremely  rare."^ 

»  Massachusetts  Archives,  Vol.  63,  p.  178.  »  Ibid.  Vol.  63,  p.  194. 

'  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  4,  note. 


After  relinqiiisliin;^-  the  command  of  the  Province  Galley  he  appears  to 
have  given  up  fioiny-  to  sea  for  several  }-ear.s,  and  to  have  devoted  his 
attention  to  his  commercial  interests.  Tlds  -we  infer  from  various  papers 
of  a  business  cliaracter,  and  from  the  fact  that  for  several  years  he  was 
prominently  enoa^-ed  in  town  and  cliurch  afi'airs.  He  was  a  selectman  from 
171-4  to  1710,  inchisive.  He  was  also  one  of  the  founders  and  a  prominent 
member  of  the  East  Church,  and  one  of  "A  Comittee  Elected  and  appointed 
bv  a  Considerable  Number  of  y"  Inhabitants  of  Salem,  for  y'  Erecting  and 
IJuilding  of  a  Meeting'  house  for  tlie  public  Worship  of  God,  towards  y® 
Lower  or  Eastern  End  of  the  Town."  On  Aug.  26,  1717,  this  committee 
bought  land  of  Christopher  Babbidge  of  Salem,  cordwainer,  for  that 

In  the  spring  of  1720  Captain  Pickering  sailed  for  Canso,  Xova  Scotia, 
and  arrived  there  on  the  sixteenth  of  May,  as  is  stated  in  a  letter  from  him 
to  his  wife,  dated  at  Canso,  May  24,  1720.  His  object  in  making  this 
voyage  was  evidently  to  extend  his  commercial  relations  to  that  section 
of  the  country.  Ilis  business  papers  show  that  he  had  merchandise  con- 
signed to  him  there  from  Salem  merchants.  His  enterprising  spirit  is  still 
further  shown  in  the  fact  that  he  established  there  a  "  Plantation  or  fishing- 
Room  "  with  the  view  of  making  a  settlement.  It  appears  that  he  sailed 
from  Canso  in  the  fall,  bound  for  Salem,  but  he  never  arrived  at  his  desti- 
nation. All  tliis  appears  in  the  following  letter  of  his  wife  to  the  Governor 
of  Nova  Scotia,  which  is  among  the  papers  of  his  estate  at  the  Essex 
Institute,  Salem  :  — 

Salem  in  «>  Aprill  1725 

I  hartily  Reioyce  to  heare  that  yo-  ETonr.  is  comeing  Lciftt  Gouer-  of  Nona  Scotia 
and  Plaseutia  k  am  glad  to  liere  by  the  worshipfiill  Cap'i?  John  Cally  Esqi  that  so 
good  a  freiud  to  justice  as  yor  honJ  is  has  the  Gouerment  of  that  People  ;  my  humble 
Requests  to  yor  hour  is  that  Justice  may  be  done  mee  and  my  Deceasd  husband 
Cap^  W"  Pickerings  fatherless  Children  In  the  first  Place  I  Returne  yor  honr.  harty 
thanks  for  all  kindness  hertofore  done  by  you  for  my  Deceasd  Husband  and  fathar- 
les  Children  yor  Iloner  is  sensible  that  my  sd  Husband  Cap'-^  Pickering  was  one  of 
the  first  setlers  in  Canso  Originally  and  tbat  yor  Ilonr  assisted  him  in  Laying  out 
his  Plantation  or  fishing  Room ;  and  there  was  Layd  out  by  him  some   part  of  his 

*  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  35,  p.  1. 


Estate  for  Clearing  nml  setling  said  Planfation  licfore  he  saild  from  Cunso  in  the  fall 
bound  for  Salem  Intending  to  Returne  in  the  spring  aguine  to  his  Plantation ;  but  he 
neuer  ariiied  to  this  day  und  since  there  is  one  ^Ir  .'ramull  Green  pretending  frind- 
shi|)  to  me  mitakeiii'i  caii'  df  \\\v  Plantation  ;  Imt  Insteed  thereof  has  proned  an 
Enemy  to  me  and  iln'  latherlcsri  Children  by  obtaining  in  a  clandestine  maner  a 
Patten  fnjni  General  Phillips  for  said  Plantation  whcli  is  net  Just  nor  Right  in  the 
sight  of  God  or  man  I  hunilily  Request  of  yor  hour  to  ai)ear  for  the  widdow  and 
fatherless  Children  that  Justice  might  be  done  for  Elfs:  our  friend  the  worshipful! 
Cap-  John  Calley  Ei|r  is  \in-\-  well  acquainted  with  the  whole  affairs  and  can  give 
yor  honr.  a  fidl  ace'-  of  the  whole  matter  I  am  also  enformd  that  the  ai)oucsd  Greene 
is  Dead  and  that  his  Credettors  is  Indauering  to  get  there  Debts  out  of  our  Planta- 
tion I  once  more  humbly  Request  of  yor  Honr  to  take  pitty  and  Compassion  on  the 
widdow  and  fatherless  and  the  abouesd  Plantation  may  be  further  settled  and  Con- 
firmed to  me  &sii  not  Els  but  I  pray  God  to  Bless  you  and  prosper  you  in  yor 
Goverments  God  hath  promised  a  blessing  to  those  that  shall  apear  in  behalfe  of  the 
widow  and  fatharless 

I  subscribe  my  self  yor  lionrs  Humble  servant 

Hannah  PiCKriiiNc  Executrix 

on  Cap-  AV2!  Pickerings  Estate 

At  the  time  Captain  Pickering  T\-ent  to  Canso,  and  for  several  years 
afterwards,  there  was  much  trouble  with  the  Indians  in  that  section  of  the 
country.  Many  vessels  were  captured  by  them,  and  the  officers  and  crews 
were  held  for  ransom.  It  is  very  possible  that  Captain  Pickering  had  the 
misfortune  to  be  of  this  number,  if  we  can  believe  the  evidence  of  the 
following  letter :  — 

Madom  Picekern  Avgvst :  16'''  1726 

This  Comes  by  y'  post  to  In  forme  you  abort  yovr  hvsband  y*  was  tacken  Att 
Canso  one  of  y°  men  y'  came  from  canedy  saw  IP  William  Pickcrn  at  a  farmers 
hoves  5  miles  above  moimt  Riall  and  he  had  som  talk  w"'  him  acoming  home  to  his 
wife  he  is  now  A  worken  for  money  to  bring  him  a  Long  this  man  y'  saw  him  yovr 
husband  wovld  have  him  goe  and  trink  att  an  En  wth  liim  and  was  a  mind  to  send 
a  Leter  but  this  frcuch  man  could  not  tarey  so  y'  he  lind  not  opertvnety  to  send  A 
leter  by  him  This  french  man  saw  him  3  months  A  go  and  saith  ho  know'^  him 
very  wal  and  he  saith  y'  their  was  two  more  yong  men  tacken  with  yovr  hvsband 
If  yov  are  a  mind  to  Ritt  to  yovr  hvsband  Rite  by  y^  way  of  Albony  and  their  yovr 
Leter  will  be  cared  In  a  short  time  madom  I  have  no  more  to  In  forme  yov  with  [     J 

Resp  yovrs  to  sarve  in  w*"^  I  m^^' 

James  Johnston. 


"VVe  have  foiiiul  nothing  further  concerning-  tlie  disappearance  of  Captain 
Pickering  than  is  contained  in  these  letters.  The  incomplete  files  of  The 
Boston  News-Letter  and  Tlie  Boston  Gazette,  which  we  have  been  able  to 
examine,  contain  advices  from  Cansi)  of  many  captures  bv  the  Indians, 
but  they  seldom  give  the  names  of  the  vessels,  masters,  or  crew. 

Captain  Pickering  was  supposed  to  be  dead,  and  his  wife  was  granted 
administration  on  his  estate  April  3,  1723,  when  he  was  called  Captain 
William  Pickering,  of  Salem,  mariner.  ■  William  Bowditch,  of  Salem, 
mariner  and  merchant,  and  ]\Iiles  Ward,  Jr.,  gave  bond.^  On  the  eighteenth  of 
the  following,  July  his  will,  which  was  dated  Sept.  18,  1701,  was  admitted 
to  probate.  He  gave  his  entire  estate  to  his  wife  (who  was  made  executrix) 
for  life,  and  at  her  decease  it  was  to  be  divided  equally  among  his  children. 
The  inventory  of  May  17,  1723,  was  taken  by  William  Bowditch,  William 
Gerrish,  and  Miles  Ward.  It  amounted  to  £1537  5*.  Id.,  and  included 
the  homestead,  half  a  warehouse  and  press  at  Winter  Island,  a  garden  spot 
and  wharf,  one-half  the  house  that  Jane  Pickering  lives  in,  bills  of  credit, 
sundry  goods  in  the  shop,  an  Indian  girl,  71|  ounces  of  plate,  and  "  1 
Scutchien  &  frame  35." 

After  his  wife's  death  administration  on  the  estate  was  granted  June  29, 
1735,  to  Adoniram  Collins.  The  inventory  made  on  July  21  amounted  to 
£1289  2.S.  \d.  The  final  account  of  the  "estate  of  William  Pickering  late 
of  Salem  Dec*  &  Hannah  Pickering  Dec*  "  was  rendered  Feb  28,  1737-8.^ 

William  and  Hannah  (Browne)  Pickering  had  the  following  children  :  — 

Haxnau  Pickkring,      born  Jan.  26,   lf)97-8,  baptism  recorded  following   the   date 

Jan.  16,  1697-8,  died  Feb.  1697-S. 
Hanxah  Pickering,      born  July  6, 1699,  baptism  recorded  following  the  date  May  21, 

1699,  died  in  six  weeks. 
"William  Pickering,      born  Aug.  3,  1700,  died  before  17.'>7  s.p. 
James  Pickering,  born    Feb.  I't,   1701-2,  baptized    ^lareh    1,   1701-2;    married 

Thankful   Hill,  who  married,  second,   Rev.  Joseph  Champ- 

ney  of  Beverly. 
Sarah  Pickering,  born  Jan.  2.3,  17i»."!— t,  baptism  recorded  following  the  date  of 

Jan.  2,  170.J-4,  died  :\[ay  .3,  1711. 

^  It  is  probable  that  administration  was  granted  on  the  supposition  that  he  died  intes- 
tate, and  that  afterwards  a  will  was  found. 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  313,  pp.  595,  667-668;  files,  Xo.  21. 82.3-4. 


Ha>-.vah  Pkkkrixg,  born  July  S,  170S,  baptized  April  IS,  1708;  married  Aug.  20, 
1731,  Adoniram  Collins,  who  was  born  June  15,  1706. 

Sakah  PicKERixr,,  born  June  4,  1711,  baptized  June  10,  1711. 

Elizabeth  Pickeuing,  born  Jan.  5,  1712-13,  baptized  Jan.  11,  1712-13,  died  Oct.  11, 
1707 ;  married  Abraham  Watson,  who  died  July  G,  1790, 
aged  78  years. 

Mary  Pickering,  born  Dec.    IS,  1715,    baptized  Dec.  '25,  1715,  died   Feb.   20, 

1804 ;  married,  first,  Ellis ;  married,  second,  Nov.  '_', 

1747,  Warwick  Pal i ray ;  married,  third,  Xov.  17,  1757,  as 
his  third  wife,  Jonathan  Gardner. 

1-70.  III.  7.  Uiuuuili  Browne,  the  wife  of  William  Pickering-,  born 
in  Salem,  March  SJ,  1G72-3  ;   died  before  June,  1735. 

Mr.s.  Pickering  was  admitted  to  the  First  Church,  Salem,  April  4, 
1697.  From  the  family  papers  it  appears  that  she  carried  on  her  husband's 
business  after  his  death.  She  was  living-  as  late  as  Nov.  20,  1734,  as  we 
learn  from  a  letter  of  that  date  addi'essed  to  her  from  John  Swinnerton  of 

They  were  married  June  19,  1695.  She  was  the  daughter  of  James 
and  Hannah  (Bartholomew)  Browne,  and  the  granddaughter  of  Ruling 
Elder  John  Browne,  an  important  man  who  conducted  a  large  trade  with 
Virginia  and  ^laryland.  Her  father  was  a  merchant  trading  with  Maryland, 
where  he  was  killed  by  a  negro,  his  body  being  found  Xov.  12,  1675. 
Her  mother  was  a  daughter  of  Henry  Bartholomew,  who  owned  a  great  deal 
of  property,  held  town  and  colonial  commissions  and  military  appointments, 
and  was  a  representative  in  the  General  Court.  He  died  in  1692,  at  the 
age  of  ninety-two.^  Hannah  (Browne)  Pickering's  mother  married  for  a 
second  husband  Dr.  John  Swinnerton.  In  her  old  age  she  lived  with  her 
daughter,  Hannah  Pickering;  as  can  be  seen  from  an  agreement  dated 
April  29,  1706,  Ix^tween  herself  and  her  son,  William  Pickering.^  Hannah 
Pickering's  brother,  James  Browne,  married  her  husband's  sister,  Elizabeth 
(Pickering)  Nichols.^ 

^  The  Record  of  the  Bartholomew  Family,  by  G.  W.  Bartholomew,  p.  5D. 
^  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Tol.  18,  pp.  181  a.  182. 

•  Notices  of  Elder  Jolin   Browne  and  some  of  his  descendants  in  the  Essex  Institute 
Historical  Collection,  Vol.  VIII.  pp.  33,  ft  seq. 


1-70.  III.  8.  Elizabeth  Pickering  [John  1-70.  II.  1],  born  in  Salem, 
Sept.  7,  1674.  She  raarried  Samuel  Nichols  before  ICDG  ;  and  afterwards 
married  James  Browne,  Feb.  22,  1G98-9.  Except  for  her  marriages, 
nothing  of  her  history  is  known. 

By  Samuel  Nichols,  she   had   one  child, 

Elizabeth  Nichols,  born  June  17,  1696,  who  married,  Dec.  8, 171.5,  Thomas  Brewer, 
of  Salem,  a  miller. 

By  her  second  husband,  James  Browne,  she  had  the  following  children  : 

James  Brojvxe,       baptized  July  9,  1704.     A  James  Browne  married  July  22,  1724, 

Martha  Parnell. 
Samctel  Browne,     baptized  Nov.  3,  1706,  is  said  to  have  moved  to  Sutton,  Mass. 
JoHX  Browne,  married  April  2,  1728,  Susannah  !Masury. 

William,  m.  Dec.  13,  1733,  ^Mary  Frost,  who  was  born  Dec.  2,  1713,  and 

died  April  11,  1794. 
Mart  Browxe,         married  Aug.  20,  1728,  Samuel  King. 
Hannah,    is  thought  to  have  died  young. 

The  descendants  of  the  above  children  are  numerous. 

1-70.  III.  <S^  Samuel  Xichols,  the  first  husband  of  Elizabeth 
Pickering,  of  whom  nothing  has  been  learned,  except  that  he  probably  died 
before  Feb.  22,  1G98-9. 

Ancestry   Tables  ^'{ . 

1-70.  III.  S'.  tfames  Broivne.  the  second  husband  of  Elizabeth 
Pickering,  born  in  Salem,  May  23,  1675.  Married,  Feb.  22,  1698-9. 
Residence  :   Salem. 

In  early  life  he  was  a  mariner,  but  in  1717,  at  the  time  when  he  pur- 
chased some  land  near  Brown's  Pond  for  £  40  of  George  Trask,  blacksmith, 
he  was  called  a  husbandman.  On  this  land  some  of  his  descendants  lived 
in  1866.  The  pond,  which  was  once  within  the  limits  of  Salem,  but  is  now 
included  in  South  Danvers,  has  been  called  Long  Pond  and  Liudsey's  Pond. 
Family  tradition  has  it  that  Browne  was  captured  by  Captain  Kidd,  and 
escaped  by  swimming.^  Ilis  sister  Hannah  married  Captain  AYilliam 
Pickering  [1-70.  III.  7]. 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VIII.  p.  4.5. 


He  WHS  the  i^ou  of  James  and  Hannah  (Bartholooifw)  Browne,  y^o 
Ancestry   Tables    Ui . 

1-70.  HI.  9.  Hannah  Pickering  [John  1-70.  H.  1],  born  in  Salem, 
July  2,  1G7T,  died  before  July  29,  1714,  the  date  of  her  third  husband's 
second  marriage.  The  following  extracts  from  the  Essex  County  Probate 
Records  show  that  she  was  maiTied  three  times :  — 

Dec.  4,  1707,  Rirhard  Palmer,  of  Salem,  and  Hannah  his  wife,  formerly 
widow  of  Daniel  King  of  Lvnn,  appointed  guardians  of  Jane  King,  aged 
about  nine  years,  daughter  of  Daniel  King,  late  of  Lynn,  deceased.^ 

June  28,  1707,  Pticliard  Palmer  of  Salem  and  Hannah  his  now  wife, 
formerly  widow  of  Nathaniel  Beadle,  son  of  Samuel  Beadle,  late  of  Salem, 
deceased,  appointed  guardians  unto  Hannah  Beadle,  aged  about  five  }-ears, 
daughter  of  said  Nathaniel  Beadle,  late  of  Salem,  deceased." 

By  her  first  husband,  Daniel  King,  Hannah  had  :  — 

Ralph  King,   born  Dec.  9,  1695,  wlio  appears  to  have  died  before  1712. 

Jane  Kim;,  born  April  14,  liJjS,  married  Xor.  21,  1723,  Benjamin  Tout,  a  mariner 
of  Boston.  He  made  his  will  Oct.  11,  1731,  being  bound  to  sea,  in 
favor  of  his  wife  Jane.  Tho.  Lee,  Jr.,  Jn°  Charnock,  and  Owen 
Harris  witnessed  it.  Administration  to  his  widow  Jane  was  granted 
Aug.  16,  1743.  Jane  Tout  married,  Oct.  2,  1744,  John  Pimm  of 

By  her  second  husband,  Nathaniel  Beadle,  Haimah  had :  — 

Hannah  Beadle,  baptized  July  5,  1702.  She  is  named  in  the  will  of  her  grand- 
mother Hannah,  widow  of  Samuel  Beadle.  The  will,  dated 
March  29,   1729,    was  proved  Jvily  25,  1736. 

By  her  third  husband  Richard  Palmer,  Hannah  had:  — 

Mary  Palmei:.  baptized  Oct.  5. 1707.  She  probably  died  young,  as  her  sister  Lydia 
is  called  eldest  daughter  in  the  division  of  her  father's  estate. 

Lydia  Palmer,  baptized  at  adult  age,  ^lay  4,  1729,  called  eldest  daughter  in  the 
division  of  Pdchard  Palmer's  estate.  Banns  published  Oct.  7, 
1732,  of  Lvdia  Palmer  and  Tobias  Davis. 

Essex  County  Probate  Pecords.  Vol.  .'1(19,  p.  271  ;  files,  Xo.  15,795. 
Ibid.  Vol.  309,  p.  234;  files,  No.  2,16S. 


Sak  \u  Palmi:k,  baptized  July  2,  1710.  She  probably  died  young,  as  she  is  not 
mentioned  in  the  settlement  of  Richard  Palmer's  estate. 

KiciiAKD  i'AL.MEK,  born  in  1712,  died  in  Salem  Sept.,  1796,  aged  84  years.  The 
records  of  the  Episcopal  church  where  his  nine  children  were 
baptized,  show  that,  aged  S3,  on  sick  bed,  i[ay  4,  170(3,  lie  was 
baptized.  He  married  Mary  Reeves.  Their  bauns  were  pub- 
lished -May  IS.  1745. 

Mary  Palmer.  She  was  called  youngest  daughter  in  the  division  of  her  father's 
estate.  A  ^lary  Palmer's  bauns  were  published  to  Samuel 
Cheever,  Sept.  11,  1731. 

1-70.  III.  .9'.  Uitniel  King.,  the  first  husLand  of  Hannah  Pickering', 
born  in  Lvnn,  Oct.  1,  1GG9,  died  before  1701,  in  which  year  his  widow 
married  Nathaniel  EL-adle. 

Mr.  King  belonged  to  a  family  of  considerable  importance  in  Lynn. 
He  was  the  son  of  Captain  Ralph  and  Elizabeth  (Walker)  King.  His 
maternal  grandfather.  Captain  Richard  Walker,  was  a  farmer,  selectman, 
and  a  representative  to  the  General  Com-t,  who  lived  on  the  West  side 
of  Saugus  River,  and  was  buried  at  the  age  of  ninetv-five  years,  May 
16,  1687.  His  father.  Captain  Ralpli  King,  was  also  a  man  of  prominence 
and  usefulness,  who  left  an  estate  inventoried  at  £2365  4,?.  Captain 
King  was  tlie  son  of  Mr.  Daniel  King,  a  large  landholder  in  Lynn  ;  but 
he  is  not  named  in  his  father's  will,  as  Daniel  King  had  before  dying 
given  him  an  estate.^  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families : 
King,   Guy  ('?),   Walker,   Talmage.       See  Ancestry  Tables  y^ 

1-70.  III.  9-.  XathanicI  Berulle,  the  second  husband  of  Hannah 
Pickering,  born  in  Salem,  March  29,  1669,  married  in  1701,  died  before 
Oct.  29,  1706,  the  date  of  Hannah  Beadle's  marriage  to  her  third  hus- 
band.    Residence  :  Salem. 

He  was  a  son  of  Samuel  and  Hannali  (Lemon)  Beadle  of  Salem. 
Samuel  Beadle  served  in  the  Indian  wars,  and  was  crippled.  On  this 
account,  permission  was  granted  liim  by  the  General  Court  to  keep  an  inn. 
Ilis  mother  was  the  daugliter  of  Robert  Lemon,  whose  widow  Mary, 
married  Philip  Cromwell.     Hannah  (Lemon)  Beadle's  will  was  made  March 

*  See  Essex  County  Probate  Records  and  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds;  Lewis's 
History  of  Lynn ;  and  Tabular  Pedigree  of  Daniel  King  and  his  Descendants,  by  Rufus 
King  of  Yonkers,  X.  Y. 



29,  1729,  and  proved  July  25,  173G.  In  it  she  becLUcathed  to  Hannah,  the 
daughter  of  her  son  Nathaniel,  bs.  besides  what  she  had  formerly  given 
to  said  Nathaniel  Beadle.' 

See   Ancestry  Tables   ^\- 

1-70.  III.  9^.  IlUhard  Palmer,  the  third  husband  of  Hannah  Pick- 
ering, born  in  Salem,  Dec.  G,  1675,  married  Oct.  29,  1706,  died  probably 
about  1745-6.     A  shoreman.     Residence :     Salem. 

On  July  29,  1714,  after  the  death  of  his  wife  Hannah,  he  married  Mary 
Poulton,  a  widow.  She  was  a  daughter  of  Moses  and  Mary  (Ormes)  Voeden 
of  Salem.  Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  to  his  son  Richard, 
March  24,  1745-6.  The  inventory,  of  Aug.  7,  1746,  amounted  to  £  3991 
lis.  bd.  old  tenor." 

The  old  Palmer  house,  which  formerly  stood  in  the  rear  of  High  Street 
Court,  Salem,  was  built  in  1674,  and  taken  down  in  July,  1887.  A  photo- 
graph of  it  which  was  taken  in  June,  1886,  is  at  the  Essex  Institute. 

Richard  Palmer  was  the  son  of  Richard  and  ]\Iary  (Gilbert)  Palmer  of 
Salem.      See  Ancestky  Tables   ^, . 

*  Essex  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  320,  pp.  326,  327;  files,  No.  2.169. 
«  Ibid.,  Vol.  327,  pp.  214,  215,  Vol.  328,  pp.  473-4;   files,  No.  20,446. 


[l-ii.     IV.     ,.] 

From  the  Portrait  now  rx  the  possession  hf  the  Heirs  of  the  late 
Mrs.  William  Glrdon  Sal  tons  tall,  of  Boston. 


1-11.  IV.  1.  Lois  Pickering  (John  1-70.  III.  l),born  in  Salem,  died 
in  Salem. 

Jlrs.  Orne  was  received  into  full  communion  with  the  First  Church 
of  Salem,  Oct.  23,  1711.^  By  the  will  of  her  brother,  tlie  Rev.  Theophilus 
Pickering-,  she -received  £1500  old  tenor,  and  by  her  father's  will  one 
hundred  poles  of  land,  which  he  boug-ht  of  Joseph  xVndrews,  near  the  lower 
meeting-house ;  also  £30  in  addition  to  what  he  had  already  given  her.' 

Some  of  her  silver  plate  is  still  owned  by  her  descendants.  Her  great- 
great-granddaughter,  Mrs.  George  W.  Erabree,  of  New  York,  has  an  old 
silver  pepper-box,  and  another  great-great-gi-anddaughter,  the  late  Miss 
Lucilla  Orne  Damon,  had  two  other  pieces  of  her  silver,  marked  with  the 
names  of  Timothy  and  Lois  Orne. 

Mrs.  Orne's  portrait,  of  which  a  heliotype  is  here  given,  is  the  earliest 
picture  of  any  member  of  the  Pickering  family  which  we  have  discovered. 
It  looks  like  the  work  of  Greenwood,  who  painted  portraits  of  some  of  the 
Salem  people.  It  was  handed  down  to  her  great-great-grandson,  the  late 
Joseph  Sebastian  Cabot,  togetlier  witli  four  other  family  portraits,  all  of 
which  appear  in  this  work.  They  were  given  by  his  widow  to  Mrs.  Orae's 
great-great-gi-eat-granddaughter,  the  late  Mrs.  William  G.  Saltonstall,  of 
Boston.  They  are  now  in  the  possession  of  Mrs.  Saltonstall's  children. 
The  late  Dr.  William  Mack,  of  Salem,  said  these  pictures  were  formerly  in 
the  possession  of  his  great-aunt,  Esther  (Orne)  Clarke,  by  whom  they  were 
sent  to  her  sister  Rebecca  (Orne)  Cabot. 

1-11.  IV.  1.  Timothy  Orne,  the  husband  of  Lois  Pickering,  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Sept.  22,  1683,  died  in  Salem.  A  merchant.  Resi- 
dence :    Salem.. 

»  Records  of  the  First  Church,  Salem,  p.  126. 

'  See  the  will  of  John  Pickering  [1-70  III.  1] ;  and  the  will  of  Theophilus  Pickering 
[48.  IV.  8]. 


Mr.  Onie  owned  the  coveiuint  at  the  First  Churrli,  Salem,  Nov.  19,  1710, 
and  his  chihlrou  were  baptized  the  same  day.^ 

Ca,ptaiii  Oriie,  as  lie  was  called,  was  in  early  lite  a  mariner,  and  is  sd 
termed  in  various  recorded  real  estate  transactions.  On  Nov.  4,  1724,  he 
boug-ht  of  Patience  Marston,  widow,  Benjamin  Marston,  Esq.,  and  Elizabeth 
Marston,  spinster,  all  of  Salem,  a  wharf  with  the  warehouses  thereon,  situ- 
ated in  Salem,  lying-  between  the  warehouse  formerly  of  Mr.  John  Ruck, 
deceased,  and  the  warehouse  formerly  of  Mr.  John  Tawley.^  Just  how 
soon  after  this  he  gave  up  going  to  sea,  we  have  not  learned.  He  became 
extensively  engaged  in  mercantile  atlairs,  and  was  one  of  the  foremost  mer- 
chants of  Salem.  Several  of  his  account-books  are  still  preserved  by  his 
great-great-great-grandsdu,  ^Ir.  Francis  H.  Lee,  of  Salem.  Three  of  these 
—  a  ledger,  journal,  and  waste  book —  are  neatly  kept  in  an  excellent  plain 
hand,  and  the  spelling  is  accurate.  Each  book  has  its  title  written  upon  it. 
One  of  them,  for  example,  is  entitled  as  follows  :  • — 

"  I  Journal  Book,  [  Xuinhpr  I.  |  Of  nic  Timothy  Oriie  |  Merchant  in  Salem  ]  New 
England  |  From  the  First  of  May  |  173C  |  ." 

From  these  books  we  find  that  his  commercial  transactions  were  with 
many  foreign  ports,  and  that  the  articles  dealt  in  were  various.  At  the 
above  date,  May  1,  1733,  he  had  in  stock  twenty  hogsheads  of  wine,  eighteen 
hogsheads  of  Virginia  tobacco,  thirty  barrels  of  raisins,  and  fourteen  ])ieces 
of  broadcloth.  He  had  factors  in  London,  Aberdeen,  Rochelle,  Lisbon. 
Stockholm,  Bordeaux,  Amsterdam,  etc.,  to  whom  he  consigned  various 
goods,  and  through  whom  he  bought  iron,  wine,  raisins,  figs,  wool,  paper, 
linen,  broadcloth,  etc.  He  frequently  insured  the  goods  and  vessels  of 
other  merchants. 

He  seems  to  have  been  fond  of  games  of  chance,  for  his  books  contain 
a  "  Wager  Account,"  in  which  there  are  frequent  entries.  On  one  occasion 
he  bet  on  a  horse-race,  and  won  £15.  Vmi  he  was  not  always  the  winner. 
The  amount  of  his  wagers,  from  June  to  October,  was  £67.  Sometimes, 
after  entering  an  account,  he  would  write  underneath  :   "  Observe.     That 

1  Records  of  the  First  Church,  Salem,  p.  124. 

^  Essex  Couuty  Eegisti-y  of  Deeds,  VoL  42,  p.  273. 


=  2d  Jf, mi  Bo,c;lilrh. 



;          b.  173-2. 


(\.  17.W. 

d.  3,  2.  1813. 


Bv  will  of  8.  2,  17.W, 

m.  8,  21,  1760. 

in  Danvers  to  her  bro. 

I.roved   12,  28,  1750, 

1  (laii.  of  Joseph  and 

Jonathan.   wbi<h   for- 

gives  property  to  her 

Elizabeth     (Hunt) 


Uncle  Joseph. 

m.3.23,  1780. 
dan.  of   Hon. 
Nathaniel  Ropes, 
!        of  Salem. 

ba.  10, 1»,  175C.        ba.  4,  20,  17.W. 
prob.  d.  young.        prob.  d.  young. 


2d,  8, 

.  3,  30, 

Samuel  =  Lucindn  Dicinht  Hownj 

.30,  178r,.  [  b.  8,  27,  1786. 

d.  10,  17,  1823. 

m.3or5.4,  180;i. 

dan.  of  Rev.  Bez.-i- 

leel    Howard,     of 

Sprinj^eld,  Mas*. 

Sophia.  WiLU.KM  Wktmo 

b.  .3,  6,  1810.  b.  G,  27,  ISM. 

m.  Dr.  Chapin.  d.  4,  27,  13.32. 



ni.  3,  24,  1814, 
Luov  Blanchard 
[53',  vii.  300.] 

,  1817." 

Joseph  =  Snlli/  Fisle  Ropes. 

31.1796.  lb  5,  11,  179.5. 
d.  3,  28,  1876. 
m.  5,  i;i,  1317. 
dau.  of  Xathaniel 
and   Sarah   (Put- 
nam) Ropes. 

Elizabeth  Ropes. 



Will, am 
b.  2,  14,  18 
H    K    «    1S 

PEDIGREE    OF    HOKXE    (JR    ORNE    OF    SALEM,    .MASS. 


Called  eldest  dan.  in  ber  fatlicr's  will. 
Fined,  7,  20,  li;.58,  for  being  at  a  dis- 
orderly Quaker  meeting,  and  also 
often  fined  afterwards. 

freeman  12,  27,  1U42; 
man;  merchant;  rem 
Hartford,  Ct. 


Deed  of  gift  from  his  futhe 
dated  1 1,  4,  Ui84.  Calk- 
eldest  son  in  his  father'swil 

8,  20,  Iff 

father's  will. 

Named  in  his 
father's  will. 

.\  weaver.  Enth. 

Removed  to  ba.  9,  28,  1689. 

r'.I.,  as  ajj-  A  child  (V) 

pears    from  namef 

a  deed  of  5,  born  i 

15,  1711.  will. 

I  father's 

Anna.                Joseph.              Tininthv. 

b.  4,   14,   1678.  ba.9,22,  1IJS:1.    ba.  9,22, 163.'!.    m 

m,  10,  29,  1702,  d.  2,  15,  1748,     d.  3,  6,  1753.      J 

John  Cabot.        proh.  unm.      ni.   4.   7,  1709, 

A  merchant,     l.ois  Pickering. 

BvwillofS,  23,    [1-11,  iv.l.] 

.M.ry.                          .I,.MAn  = 

fnr:,l,  fni/erfoll.    Sainiii. 
■  .  ■"  "i  Salimci 

-,      h.  l,24,lt;,Sl-r,. 
m.  11,24,17119, 
Uenjamhi  Kuton. 

his  properly  to  his  brother, 


li.  2,'  27,'  1734i 
Waffe  Rand. 

b.  9,  23,  1714. 
Prob.    same 

.  Jeffs        Richard  I 

JosiAH  =  Sarah 
d.ll,  18,  b.  10,  14,  1' 
GuadaIoupe,\V.I.|   d.  9,  — ,  1" 


,'  1813. 

when  she 





leis  and  sister. 


Uncle  Ji 


Josi.lH   =\%l  Alice  Palmtr.    =  2d  ^n 

d.  5,  21,  IS.M.  Prnb.thes 
in.  7,  14, 17U9,  who  m.  4, 
Stephen  Wil-     1796.   Clia 

h.  11,  5,  178n. 
d.  1,  22  or  28, 

Capt.  Richard 
Thomas  Harris, 

=  2a  Tlierun  F.mtry. 
i.  li,  14,  1843! 

Thomas  ^ 

d.  12,2.5,1816 
m.  3,  24,  181 
Lucv  Blancliat 

[ji;  vli.  .TOO.] 

EnwAp.n  = 

i.  i,  :',  ua. 

1822,  Mir^ 



b.  1,  <\   1300. 

b.  6.  2.  1797. 


,  15,  1301. 

b    1 

■"I  "iSi 

4.         b.  10, 

dau.   of    Edward 
and  Anna  (Fiske) 

1818,     Daniel 
Low,  of  New 


.  3.  6,  1810, 
Ur.  Chapii 


Elizabeth  Ropes, 
b.  2,  27,  1818. 
d.  3,  8,  1842. 

Elizabeth  Putnar 
b.  1,  20,  1S24. 
d.  3,  27,  1S16. 
m.  6,  3,  1845, 
Henry  Augusta: 

b.  8.  •■iO,  1330. 

dward  Josiah. 
b.  10,  12,  1840. 
d.  4,  29,  1867. 


a  Learner  may  better  uiulerstaml  tlie  Rules  of  this  art,  I  sliall  Point  out 
several  other  ways  tliat  this  transaction  may  be  entered."  Then  follow  the 
(litferent  ways  in  which  the  entry  might  be  made.  Aug.  29,  1733,  he 
bought  three-fifths  of  the  ship  Dragon  of  Aberdeen  for  £100.  His  house 
on  E.sse.x.  Street,  Salem,  is  still  standing,  though  very  much  changed  by 

In  his  Waste  Book  is  the  following,  dated  Aug.  29,  1733  :  — 

"  I  have  this  Day  by  the  death  of  D.  M.  ray  Uncle  got  a  Legacy  of  an  House  in 
Broad  Street  worth  £200.  (after  the  followiug  Legacy  is  paid)  which  lias  stood  empty 
since  Whit  Sunday  last. 

"  But  I  am  by  the  said  Will  to  pay  a  Legacy  of  £30  to  Mr.  Thomas  Richman  at 
Martinmas  next." 

Who  this  uncle  was,  we  have  not  learned. 

As  to  the  spelling  of  his  surname,  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  wrote 
the  following  in  his  memorandum-book  :  — 

"  Of  the  children  of  my  grandparents,  Lois  married  Timothy  Home  (His  children 
wrote  the  name  Oriie;  who  died  when  1  was  a  boy." 

Timothy  Ome  himself  certainly  wrote  his  name  Orne,  for  it  so  appears 
in  his  account-books.  No  doubt  the  name  was  really  Home.  Several 
branches  of  the  family  which  are  descended  from  the  original  settler  spell 
it  so  to  this  day.  The  aspiration  of  the  "  H"  in  English  is  comparatively 
modern  ;  and  from  names  which  originally  began  with  that  letter,  in  many 
cases  it  has  been  dropped  in  the  process  of  time. 

He  disposed  of  his  pi'operty  bv  his  will,  which  was  dated  Jan.  29, 
1753,  and  was  proved  March  5,  1753.    The  following  is  an  abstract  of  it  : 

To  my  wife  all  household  furniture  and  plate;  also  negro  man  Cesar,  and  negro 
woman  Phillis,  and  =£13?  lawful  money ;  also  a  third  part  of  the  annual  income  of  all 
my  estate  as  her  dower  during  her  natural  life. 

To  my  son  Timothy  Orne,  Jr ,  my  farm  of  one  hundred  and  twenty -three  acres 
of  land  with  the  buildings  thereon  with  tlie  stock  of  creatures  and  utensils  in  the 
district  of  Danvers  in  Salem  ;  also  three  acres  of  salt  marsh,  in  Lynn,  half  of  four 
acres  of  upland  and  marsh,  and  twelve  acres  of  land  lying  in  Danvers,  called  Orne's 
Orchard,  '■  about  seven  acres  whereof  I  had  of  my  honored  father,"  and  the  other  five 
of  which  I  bought  of  Samuel  Stone,  and  Samuel  Stone,  .Jr. ;  also  a  piece  of  land  lying 
in  the  Northfield  in  Salem  called  Ma.-^sev's  Orchard  or  Point,  containinc;  eleven  acres; 


also  about  two  acres  of  laud  near  the  Nortli  river  in  Salem ;  also  an  old  warehouse 
and  the  laud  which  it  stands  upon,  and  a  half  part  of  my  wharf  lands  ;  also  two  com- 
mon rights  aud  a  half  in  the  common  lauds  of  Salem. 

To  my  sou  Samuel  Orue  a  farm  of  one  hundred  aud  fifty  acres  in  the  north  pre- 
cinct of  Lynn,  with  all  the  buildings  appertaining ;  also  five  acres  of  salt  marsh  in 
Lynn  town  marsh  ;  also  the  half  part  of  the  mansion  house  aud  laud  belonging  to  it, 
and  the  other  buildings  thereon,  situated  in  Salem,  on  the  Main  street,  containing 
about  eighty  square  poles  of  land  which  I  purchased  of  my  brother  Joseph  Orne, 
deceased,  and  Saml.  Fiske ;  also  about  seven  .acres  of  land  lying  in  the  Northfield 
in  Salem;  also  half  of  four  acres  of  land  iu  Dan  vers  ;  also  half  part  of  a  new  ware- 
house with  the  land  under  it,  and  a  quarter  part  of  my  wharf  lands ;  also  two  com- 
mon rights  aud  a  half  iu  the  common  lands  in  Salem. 

To  my  son  John  Orue  a  farm  in  the  north  precinct  of  Lynn  with  all  the  buildings 
thereon  containing  one  hundred  aud  seventy  acres ;  also  the  remaining  half  of  my 
mansion  house  devised  to  sou  Samuel ;  also  two  acres  in  the  Northfield  ;  also  about 
five  acres  of  land  in  the  said  Northfield  ;  also  the  remaining  part  of  my  new  ware- 
house, and  land  under  it,  and  the  remaining  quarter  part  of  my  wharf  lands  iu  Salem  ; 
also  two  common  rights  and  a  half  in  the  common  lauds  in  Salem  ;  also  my  negro 
boy  Peter. 

To  my  daughter  Lois  Lee,  one  quarter  part  of  about  twenty-six  acres  of  woodland 
in  Danvers  ;   also  £400  lawful  money. 

To  my  daughter  Esther  Gardner,  the  house  warehouse  aud  fifty  poles  of  land  in 
Danvers;  also  =£267  lawful  money. 

To  my  daughter  Mary  Diman,  one  quarter  part  of  twenty-six  acres  of  woodland 
in  Danvers;  also  ^£400  of  lawful  money. 

After  my  funeral  expenses  are  paid  all  the  remainder  of  my  estate  to  my  six 
children :  Timothy,  Samuel,  John,  Lois,  Esther  and  Mary.  My  sons  John  and  Samuel 
to  be  my  executors.' 

Timothy  Orne  was  the  son  of  Joseph  and  Ann  (Thompson)  Orne  of 
Salem.      See  Axcestry  Tables  ^■ 

12-47.  IV.  2.  Sarah  Pickering  (John  1-70.  III.  1),  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Feb.  6,  168S-9,  died  in  Salem." 

She  and  her  husband,  Joseph  Hardy,  were  among  the  thirty-six 
members   of  the    First    Church  who  formed   the   East  Cluirch,   Nov.   14, 

1  Essex  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  331.  pp.  1S2-1S7;  files,  Xo.  20.103. 

*  Sarah  Pickering's  marriage  is  given  in  the  Nichols'  record  as  July  17,  1707.  The 
Salem  Records  give  no  date,  but  the  marriage  entry  follows  a  previous  entry  with  the 
date  June  25, 1707.  The  Ropes  Bible  gives  July,  1707,  and  Francis  H.  Lee's  memorandum 
has  Aug.,  1707. 


1718.*     The  following  account  of  Mrsi.  Hardy  is  from  the  Journal  of  her 
grandson  Jonathan  Goodhue,  of  New  York :  — 

"  Sarah  Hardy  was  the  daughter  of  John  and  Sarah  Pickering,  and  received  by 
her  father's  will  dated  Nov.  20,  1721,  a  gift  of  tlie  house  in  which  she  was  living, 
being  the  same  which  he  bought  of  Joseph  Andrews.  It  was  situated  in  the  south- 
eastern part  of  the  town  on  the  street  now  called  Hardy  Street,  which  runs  from 
Derby  street  southwardly  toward  the  harbor ;  and  a  pear  tree  is  flourishing  (1814)  near 
which  the  house  stood,  and  from  wliich  Martha  Goodhue  had  mentioned  gathering 
fruit  when  a  girl.     It  is  a  very  ancient  tree." 

This  is  undoubtedly  the  same  pear-tree  which  is  still  standing  in  the 
front  yard  of  Mr.  Charles  H.  Allen's  house,  numbered  twenty-four,  and 
situated  on  the  western  side  of  Hardy  Street,  near  the  Avater.  It  is  still 
(1893)  in  bearhig  condition.  Dr.  Bentley  is  said  to  have  traced  this  tree 
back  to  1639.  It  is  supposed  to  have  been  one  of  the  same  lot  imported 
from  England,  -which  included  the  Endicott  pear-tree.  It  bears  an  orange 
pear,  but  the  original  fruit  was  the  Button  pear.  It  has  been  photographed 
by  Cousins  of  Salem. 

Mrs.  Hardy's  brother,  the  Rev.  Theophilus  Pickering,  left  £1500  old 
tenor  to  her  children.  A  silver  porringer,  which  belonged  to  her,  is 
now  (1894),  in  the  possession  of  her  descendant,  Mrs.  George  Amory 
Sargent  [12.  X.  161],  to  whom  it  has  been  handed  down  through  several 
generations.  There  was  in  the  possession  of  the  late  Dr.  William  Mack 
[6.  VIII.  54],  of  Salem,  an  old  thread-case,  on  which  is  written  that  it  was 
given  to  his  sister's  great-grandmother  Clarke  by  her  Aunt  Hardy,  in  1738, 
when  the  former  was  eight  years  old. 

12-47.  IV.  2.  Joseph  Ilardij,  the  husband  of  Sarah  Pickering,  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  in  July,  1G82,  died  in  Salem.  A  shipbuilder.  Resi- 
dence :    Salem. 

In  an  article  printed  in  the  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,^  he 
is  spoken  of  as  follows  :  — 

•  Eecords  of  the  First  Church,  Salem,  p.  I'l 
«  Vol.  V.  p.  251. 


"Joseph  Hard}-  was  a  very  successful  builder  about  1700  and  onward.  He  lived 
on  tlie  west  side  of  Hardy  Street,  near  the  water.  The  house  was  demolished  in 
1825.     He  left  no  sons  but  had  six  married  daughters." 

The  following  account  of  Joseph  Hardy's  connection  with  shipbuilding, 
from  which  it  appears  that  he  was  not  always  successful  in  his  enterprises, 
is  taken  from  an  old  Ropes  Bible  now  in  the  possession  of  Mrs.  Charles  T. 
Ripley  [12.  X.  1S3]. 

"  His  shipyard  was  on  the  beach  off  Hardy  Street.  As  he  was  on  the  eve  of 
launching  a  ship,  she  fell  over,  which  sad  event  took  away  all  his  property,  and  he 
never  after  did  any  more  work,  as  he  soon  had  the  palsy." 

Another  account  of  his  misfortune  is  as  follows:  — 

"  He  built  a  large  ship  at  Haverhill,  which  fell  over  on  account  of  the  groimd  set- 
tling, and  he  could  never  get  her  off  the  ways.  His  affairs  became  thereby  greatly 
embarrassed.  He  mortgaged  a  considerable  estate  in  land  which  he  owned  in  the 
east  part  of  Salem,  and  never  redeemed  it.  Tradition  is  that  he  was  greatly 
wronged  by  the  mortgagee." 

It  is  certain  that  he  lived  at  one  time  in  Haverhill,  for  in  a  deed  of  Jan. 
11,  1714-15,  in  which  he  makes  his  wife  Sarah  his  attorney,  he  is  called 
Joseph  Hardy  of  Haverhill,  shipwright.^  He  was  living  there  as  late  as 
1716,  for  it  is  recorded  on  the  Salem  records  that  his  son  Joseph  was  bom 
at  Haverhill,  Sept.  14,  171G.  Perhaps  his  father,  wdiose  name  he  bore,  once 
lived  in  Haverhill,  for  it  seems  that  July  13,  1680,  he  bought  of  Jeremiah 
Belcher,  two  hundred  and  forty  acres  of  land  in  that  town  on  the  north  side 
of  the  Merrimac  River.  This  piece  of  land  was  sold  by  his  heirs,  May  27, 
1706,  when  Joseph  Hardy,  shipwright,  son  of  Joseph  Hardy,  Jr.,  late 
of  Salem  deceased;  Ebenezer  Lambert,  shipwright,  and  JIary  his  wife, 
daughter  of  .-^aid  Joseph  Hardy,  Jr.,  and  Seeth  Hardy,  singlewoman,  all 
of  Salem,  only  surviving  heirs  of  said  Josepli  Hardy,  Jr.,  late  of  Salem, 
deceased,  sold  it  for  £10,  to  John  Higginson.^ 

It  appears  that  Joseph  Hardy  was  living  in  Boston  in  iVlo,  for  it  is 
recorded  in  a  deed  of  June  27,  1713,  that  Joseph  Hardy  and  his  wife  Sarah, 
late  of  Salem,  now  of  Boston,  shipwright,  sold  land  to  Captain  William 
Bowditch,   of   Salem.^     It   would    seem,    however,   that  his    residence    in 

1  Essex  County  Kegistry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  29,  p.  52.  ^  Ibid.  Vol.  2.5,  p.  216. 

'  Ibid  Vol.  18,  p.  194. 


these  places  was  only  for  a  brief  period,  and  that  most  of  his  life  was  spent 
in  Salem.  The  street  on  which  he  lived  was  named  for  the  Hard}-  family, 
they  being-  owners  of  most  of  the  land  on  which  it  was  located.  Some  of 
this  property  is  still  owned  by  Mr.  Hardy's  descendants,  the  Phippens. 
Hardy's  Rock,  in  Salem  Harbor,  also  perpetuates  the  family   name. 

There  are  no  descendants  of  Joseph  Hardy  in  tlie  male  line,  and  it 
seems  probably  from  the  annexed  pedigree  that  there  are  no  such  descen- 
dants of  his  great-grandfatlier,  John  Hardy,  the  original  settler.  The 
descendants  of  Joseph  Hardy's  daughters,  however,  are  very  numerous, 
as  this  work  shows.  They  must  have  had  a  great  reverence  for  his  name, 
as  we  find  it  repeatedly  borne  by  their  descendants.  We  find,  for  example  : 
Joseph  Hardy  Prince  [12.  VHI.  151],  Joseph  Hardy  Millet  [15.  Vil.  100], 
Joseph  Hardy  Phippen  [24.  VHI.  247],  Joseph  Hardy  Peirce  [25-26.  VH. 
143],  Joseph  Hardy  Henfield  [29.  VH.  157],  and  Joseph  Hanly  Hopes 
[12.  IX.  175],  and  several  others.  Miss  Sarah  Prince  [12.  IX.  1G9], 
however,  says  she  has  heard  that  the  love  of  this  name  existed  from 
the  fact  that  these  daughters  had  a  brother  Joseph  Hardy,  who  died  when 
quite  young,  and  of  whom  they  were  quite  fund..  This  must  have  been 
the  child  who  died  from  the  efi:ects  of  eating  henbane. 

There  is  a  tradition  among  the  descendants  of  these  daughters  concern- 
ing the  origin  of  the  peculiar  name  of  Seeth,  which  occasionally  appears 
amongst  them.  The  following  account  of  it  is  taken  from  the  Ropes  Bible  :  ^ 
"  One  of  my  female  ancestors  had  a  near  relative  at  sea  who  was  supposed 
to  be  lost,  and  was  given  up  by  his  friends.  Suddenly  he  appeared  among 
them  well,  and  their  joy  was  so  great  that  one  of  them  exclaimed  in  the 
words  of  Scripture  '  The  Lord  seeth  not  as  man  seeth  and  my  child  shall  be 
named  Seeth.'  Mv  mother's  name  was  Seeth.''  This  was  recorded  in  the 
Ropes  Bible  by  Henry  Ropes  [14.  VIII.  1G2],  whose  mother  was  Seeth 
Millet  [14.  VII.  97].  The  first  appearance  of  this  name  we  have  met  with 
among  the  ancestors  of  Joseph  Hani}-,  was  his  grandmother,  Seeth  Grafton, 
the  wife  of  Joseph  Grafton,  and  daughter  of  Thomas  Gardner.  She  was 
baptized  in  Salem,  Dec.  25,  1G3G. 

^  The  Ropes  Bible,  here  and  elsewhere  quoted  in  this  work,  has  the  following:  — 
"Salem  1795  |  George  Kopes  first  |  owner  of  Bible  |  1S26  |  Henry  Eopes.  |  " 


Joseph  Hardy  was  the  son  of  Joseph  and  Mary  (Grafton)  Hardy,  of 
Salem.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following-  families :  Hardy,  Grafton, 
Gardner,  Frier.      See  Axiestry   Tables  '|- 

48.  IV.  3.  John  Pickering  [John  1-70.  HI.  1],  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  Feb.  G,  1G88-'J,  died  in  Salem.  A  shipmaster.  Residence: 

He  was  taken  by  the  French,  and  thrown  into  prison,  where  he  fell  sick  ; 
but  he  died  in  Salem  in  the  house  opposite  Dr.  Prince's  meeting-house. 

48.  IV.  7.  Lydia  Pickering  [John  1-70.  III.  1],  born  in  Salem,  died 
in  Salem.  The  cause  of  licr  death  is  given  in  the  memorandum-book  of  her 
nephew,  Colonel  Timothy  Pickeiing,  viz.:  — 

"  She  was  drowned  in  a  well  which  was  afterward  filled  up  by  my  grandfather 
Oct.  14, 1702." 

The  original  coroner's  inquest  of  her  death,  which  is  in  the  possession 
of  Charles  P.  Bowditch  [44.  IX.  859],  has  been  printed  in  the  New  England 
Historical  and  Genealogical  Register."     It  reads  as  follows:  — 

"  Ess.  sc.  An  Inquisition  Indented  Taken  at  Salem  w""  in  y"^  s'^  County  of  Essex  y° 
16'"  day  of  Octob  Anno  1702.  In  y"  first  year  of  y''  Reigne  of  ou''  sover- 
eign Lndy  Anne  by  y"^  grace  of  God  of  England  Scotland  France  &  Ireland 
Queen,  defender  of  the  Faith  etc  —  Before  Daniel  Epes  Gent.  One  of  y° 
Coron"  of  our  s*  Lady  y"  Queen  w"^in  y*^  County  of  Essex  afores'^  —  upon  y" 
View  of  y'  Body  of  Lydia  Pickering  Lying  dead  at  y'  house  of  m"'  Jn°  Pick- 
ering in  Salem  afores'* — By  y^  Oaths  of— Edward  Flint  Sam'' Phippen 
Stephen  Ingolls  Dan'''  Grant  Jn"  Orne  Sam"  Sibley  Sam"  West  Jn°  Cook 
Sam"  Shattock  Henry  West  Joseph  Duglas  W°  Reeves  Ephr.  Kempton  & 
Jn°  Priest,  Good  &c  LawfuU  men  of  Salem  afores*  w^'in  y''  County  afores'', 
Who  being  charged  k  Sworne  To  Inquire  for  our  s"  Lady  y'  Queen,  w°  by 
w'  means  it  how  Lydia  Pickering  came  to  her  death  Upon  Their  Oaths  do 
say  That  she  came  to  her  End  or  death  by  falling  into  a  well  &  being 
drowned  &  so  came  to  her  End  bv  misfortune.  —  In  Witnes  whereof  as  well 

1  Some  authorities  give  his  birth  as  Oct.  2S,  16SS ;  but  the  Salem  Records,  Vol.  1,  p. 
85,  settle  the  date  as  Oct.  S,  as  given  on  the  Sheets.  The  record  book  of  Samuel  P. 
Gardner  gives  the  date  of  death  as  Sept.  12,  1712;  but  the  Salem  Records,  Vol.  1,  p.  141, 
and  other  authorities  state  that  he  died  ou  Sept.  10. 

»  Vol.  XLVI.  p.  179. 


I  y'  Coroni  afores*  as  y°  Jurors  afores"  To  this  Inquisition  have  put  our 
hands  &  seals  y*  Day  &  year  aboves'^  — 

The  mark  of  Jn"  X  Cook  Dan^  Epes   Coron' 

Sam"  Shattock  Edward  fiint        ''""™" 

Henry  West  Samuel  phippen 

Joseph  Duglas  Stephen  Ingalls 

William  Reeves  Daniel  grant 

Ephraim  :  Kempton  John  Orne 

John  Priest  Samuell  Sibley 

Sam'^  West 

Each  of  these  names  is  followed  by  a  red  sealing-wax  seal. 

48.  IV.  8.  Theophilus  Pickering  [John  1-70.  III.  1],  bovn  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Sept.  29,  1700,  died  in  Essex.  A  mini.-,ter.  Residence: 
Chebacco,  Ipswich.'' 

Theophilus  Pickering,  H.  C,  1719,  was  called  by  the  Chebacco  parish 
to  assist  its  minister,  Rev.  John  AYise,  in  March,  1725.  Authorities  diifer 
as  to  the  date  of  his  ordination.- 

'  Dr.  Henry  Wheatlaud  in  his  Transcript  of  the  Baptisms  of  the  First  Church  in 
Salem,  published  in  Essex,  Inst.  Hist.  Coll.,  Vol.  YII.  p.  174,  gives  the  date  of  baptism  as 
Sept.  27,  1700  ;  but  this  is  an  error,  as  the  date  given  above  is  taken  from  the  original 
records  of  the  First  Church. 

Eobert  Crowell,  in  the  History  of  the  Town  of  Essex,  Mass.,  page  166,  gives  the  date 
of  his  death  as  Oct.  7,  1747,  and  on  page  168  of  the  same  work  he  prints  the  inscription 
from  his  gravestone  as  Sept.  19,  1747,  and  states,  in  a  foot-note  on  page  106,  that,  •'  Both 
have  been  correctly  copied."  The  History  of  Ipswich,  Essex,  and  Hamilton,  by  Joseph 
B.  Felt,  page  201,  also  states  that  he  died  Oct.  7,  1747.  We  have  seen  the  gravestone  at 
Essex,  and  find  that  it  is  inscribed  Sept.  19,  1747,  but  the  date  from  the  Ipswich 
records  must  have  been  inaccurately  copied,  for  Mr.  Charles  W.  Bamford,  town  clerk  of 
Ipswich,  writes  that  the  date  of  :\[r.  Pickering's  death  is  recorded  as  Oct.  19, 1747,  on  page 
327  of  book  2  of  the  town  records.  This  is  undoubtedly  the  accurate  date,  for  it  is  con- 
firmed by  his  obituary,  printed  in  The  Boston  Gazette  or  Weekly  Journal  of  Tuesday, 
Xov.  10,  1747,  as  follows  :  '•  Chebacco  in  Ipswich,  Ocf'jher  21.  1747.  On  Monday  last  died 
here  of  a  Fever,  and  this  Day  was  inter'd,  the  Eev.  Jilr.  Theophilus  Pickering,  in  the  47th. 
Year  of  his  Age  ;  and  after  he  had  been  Pastor  of  the  second  Cluirch  in  Ipswich  22  Years  " 
etc.  It  is  also  confirmed  by  a  memoranda  of  Henry  Pickering  [.58.  YI.  Ill],  by  Charles 
W.  Upham,  and  by  an  old  Orne  record.  His  original  will  on  file  is  dated  Oct.  10,  1747, 
but  the  copy  on  the  Probate  Records  is  dated  Oct.  4,  1747.     It  was  proved  Xov.  2,  1747. 

'  The  History  of  Ipswich,  Essex,  and  Hamilton,  by  Joseph  B.  Felt,  pp.  200-262,  in  a 
sketch  of  him  says  :  — 


The  History  oi  the  Town  of  Essex,  by  Robert  Crowell,  has  the  foUowino- 
statement :  — 

"  The  precise  time  when  the  church  and  parish  fravo  a  call  to  Mr.  Pickering  to 
become  their  pastor,  cannot  now  be  ascertained.  He  accepted  tlieir  invitation,  liow- 
ever,  on  condition  that  tlie  salary  they  had  proposed  to  give  lain  should  be  increased, 
giving  his  reasons  for  this  in  the  following  language  :  — 

"'Whereas  our  Lord  Jesus  has  required  of  his  people  a  suitable  support  for  his 
ministers,  as  yourselves  know  and  believe,  and  whereas  it  nearly  concerns  evcrv 
minister  upon  settlenn'ut  to  see  to  it  that  he  has  a  convenient  maintenance,  and  as 
far  as  may  be  to  [ire vent  any  after  dilliculties  that  might  be  prejudicial  to  the  peace 
of  the  place  and  success  of  tlie  ministry,  I  have,  therefore,  after  due  deliberation, 
thought  it  best  that  I  should  freely  olt'<-r  my  thoughts  unto  you  referring  to  this  head 
of  maintenance.  We  all  know  that  a  minister  cannot  live  creditably  without  consid- 
erable expense,  and  we  also  know  that  what  was  wont  to  be  a  middling  salary  form- 
erly, in  a  moderate  value,  is  equivalent  to  £150  or  £160  in  our  paper  money.  Indeed 
such  a  sum  makes  a  great  sound  in  a  man's  ears ;  but  ordinarily  men  don't  seriously 
consider  (unless  it  be  in  case  of  their  own  interest),  how  our  Province  bills  are  depre- 
ciated, nor  how  the  price  of  goods  and  provisions  rises,  and  for  this  reason  salary 
men  in  many  towns  almost  suffer  for  want.  For  my  own  part  I  cannot  (and  I  think 
I  ought  not)  be  contented  unless  I  have  wherewithal  conveniently  to  answer  my 
duties  and  necessities,  and  to  furnish  me  with  such  helps  and  advantages  as  whereby 
I  might  be  enabled  in  my  best  manner  to  serve  your  true  interests  and  maintain  the 
character  of  a  minister  as  it  should  be ;  which  to  be  sure  will  not  be  displeasing  to 
any  of  you,  for  I  am  confident  it  would  not  offend  you  to  have  your  minister  a  credit 
to  you.' 

"  With  these  views  the  parish  harmoniously  concurred,  and  the  result  was  that 
they  agreed  to  give  him  the  use  of  all  the  parsonage  lands,  they  keeping  the  fences 
in  repair,  and  £120  annually  in  semi-annual  payments,  to  be  increased  or  diminished 
in  proportion  to  the  value  of  money  (silver)  at  8s.  per  ounce  troy  weight ;  and  the 
avails  of  the  customary  contribution  taken  on  the  Sabbath.  For  a  settlement  they 
agreed  to  give  him  the  buildings  on  the  old  parsonage,  and  £100  towards  building  a 
house  for  himself.  The  house  which  ho  built  and  lived  in  during  his  ministry  was 
the  one  sul)3equently  owned  by  the  late  Mrs.  Mary  Choate.  The  commoners  also 
gave  him  the  common  land  north  of  the  meeting-house,  being  about  three-fourths  of 
an  acre.  The  terms  of  settlement  were  agreed  on  in  July,  but  the  ordination  was 
deferred  to  a  season  less  busv  for  farmers.     Accordin'j:lv  on  the  23d  of  October  follow- 

"  March  29,  1725,  he  was  invited  to  assist  ^U.  Wise  who  was  sick.     Having  preached 
acceptably  here,  h.-  was  ordained  Oct.  13th,  1727."' 

The  History  of  the  Town  of  Essex  gives  the  date  of  ordination  as  Oct.  23,  1725. 


ing  (1725),  with  the  usual  solemnities  and  interesting  services,  he  was  ordained  in 
the  new  meeting-house  to  the  work  of  the  gospel  ministry  in  this  place."  ^ 

Mr.  Pickering  afterwards  conveyed  the  lot  given  liim  by  the  commoners 
to  the  parish  by  deed.  At  a  meeting  in  August  they  voted  that,  in  consid- 
eration of  their  love  and  affection  to  the  Rev.  Theophilus  Pickering,  they 
convey  to  him  the  land  and  appurtenances  on  which  his  house  stands.  In 
tliis  year  (1734)  they  added  fifty  pounds  to  hjs  salary  on  account  of  the 
depreciation  of  currency.  They  had  been  gradually  increasing  it  years 
before,  and  continued  to  do  so  until  his  salary  amounted  to  two  hundred 
and  thirty-two  pounds. 

In  1740,  Mr.  Whitefield  visited  New  England,  and  revivals  were  frequent. 
To  these  Mr.  Pickering  was  not  unfriendly,  but  he  objected  to  some  of 
Mr.  Whitefield's  methods.  In  1744,  twenty -six  members  of  Mr.  Pickering's 
society  presented  their  grievances  to  him,  and  afterwards  to  the  church, 
charging  him  with  not  preaching  the  distinctive  doctrines  of  the  Bible, 
with  want  of  interest  in  his  work,  Avith  worldliness  of  spirit  and  conduct, 
and  with  opposition  to  reATvals.  The  church  declared  these  charges  un- 
supported, and  refused  to  join  in  calling  a  mutual  council  to  consider 
them.  But  in  1745  the  church  ofiered  to  unite  in  calling  such  a  coun- 
cil, which  the  aggrieved  members  in  town  refused.  A  little  later  it  was 
agreed  that  Mr.  Pickering  should  resign,  if  a  majority  of  the  church  woidd 
consent,  and  if  a  purchaser  could  be  found  for  his  property  ;  but  this  plan 

In  January,  174G,  sixteen  members  resolved  to  separate,  and  a  "Separate 
Society  "  was  organized.  In  May,  the  Separatists  asked  three  Connecticut 
churches  and  the  Boston  "Separatist"  church  to  unite  and  organize  their 
church.  But  the  Second  Church  [Mv.  Pickering's)  called  a  council  in  which 
the  Separatists  refused  to  join ;  tliey  agreed,  however,  to  submit  their 
grievances  to  the  members  as  private  Christians.  The  majority  of  this 
Council,  exonerated  Mr.  Pickering,  except  in  some  minor  matters,  while 
the  minority  thought  the  Separatists  had  some  justification  for  their 
conduct.  But  the  Separatists  did  not  wait  for  the  decision  of  the  Coun- 
cil, but  with   the   aid   of  one   of  the   Connecticut   churches,   and  of  the 

1  History  of  the  Town  of  Essex,  :^^as3.,  by  Robert  Crowell,  pp.  111-142. 


Boston  church,  tliey  constituted  the  "  Fourth  Church  of  Ipswich." 
Rev.  Ebcnezer  Cloavelund,  the  first  Preacher  of  this  new  society,  was  a 
brother  of  the  Rev.  Ji^ltn  Ckavdau'l  [GO.  V.  ~<S-],  who  was  ordained  as 
pastor,  in  1747,  and  who  afterwards  married  ^Irs.  Eunice  (Neal)  Foster, 
Mr.  Pickering's  niece. 

In  1747,  shortly  after  Mr.  Cleaveknd's  ordination,  which  he  strenuously 
opposed,  Mr.  Pickering  had  published  a  pamphlet  entitled  :  — 

"A  Bad  Omen  to  the  Churches  in  the  instance  of  Mr.  John  Cleavehxnd's  Ordina- 
tion over  a  Separation  in  Chebaoco  Parish." 

Tiiis  was  immediately  answered  by  Mr.  Cleaveland,  in  another  pamphlet 
entitled :  — 

"A  Plain  Narrative  of  the  Proceedings  which  caused  a  Separation  of  a  Xumber 
of  Aggrieved  Bretliren  from  the  Second  Church  in  Ipswich:  or,  a  Relation  of  the 
Cause  which  pi-odi;ced  the  Effects  that  are  exhibited  in  the  Rev.  Mr.  Pickering's  late 
Print,  entitled  '  A  Bad  Omen  to  the  Churches.' " 

Mr.  Pickering  did  not  live  to  complete  his  rejoinder ;  but  his  church 
published  after  his  death  :  — 

"An  Answer  to  the  Chebacco  Brethren's  Plain  Narrative  —  the  Pretended  Xarra- 
tive  convicted  of  Fraud  and  Partiality  ;  or  a  Letter  from  the  Second  Church  in  Ips- 
wich to  their  Separated  Brethren,  in  Defence  of  their  deceased  Pastor  and  Themselves 
against  the  Injurious  Charges  of  the  said  Separated  Brethren  in  a  late  Print  of 
theirs,  by  giving  a  more  Just  and  True  account  of  the  things  that  preceded  the 

A  reply  was  made  to  this,  supposed  to  have  been  written  by  Mr.  Cleave- 
land, entitled :  — 

"  Cliebacco  Xai-rative  Rescued  from  the  Charge  of  Falshood  and  Partiality." 

These  pamphlets  are  said  to  be  written  with  great  spirit,  and  show  that 
the  authors'  minds  were  deeply  stirred.^ 

The  following  analysis  of  Mr.  Pickering's  character  is  taken  from  the 
History  of  the  Town  of  Essex :  — 

1  The  History  of  the  Town  of  Essex,  :Mas3.,  by  Robert  Crowell,  pp.  151-152,  1C0-1C9. 


"  Theophilus  graduated  at  Harvard  University  ia  1719.  and  though  he  soon  after 
came  into  the  possession  of  considerable  property  at  the  death  of  his  father,  June  19, 
1722,  he  determined  to  devote  himself  to  the  work  of  the  ministry.  He  was  laborious 
and  successful  in  his  pastoral  office,  and  during  his  ministry  about  two  hundred  persons 
were  admitted  to  the  church.  As  a  Cliristian  man  and  teacher,  he  had  the  confidence 
of  most  of  his  brethrm  in  the  ministry,  and  there  is  no  reason  to  doubt  the  conscien- 
tiousness of  his  opposition  to  the  cause  of  the  Separatists.  The  estimation  in  which 
lie  was  held  by  his  own  church  is  [)lainly  seen  in  the  language  used  respecting  him  in 
the  'Answer  of  the  Second  Church  to  the  Chebacco  Brethren's  Plain  Narrative  : '" 

"  '  We  at  Chebacco  have  (as  we  verily  believe,)  had  among  us  a  man  of  God,  a 
learned,  orthodox,  prudent,  faitliful  minister  of  Jesus  Christ,  though  not  without  fail- 
ings, even  as  others  ;  one  whom  we  lieard  teaching  and  preaching  the  truths  of  the 
Gospel,  with  pleasure,  and  we  hope  with  profit ;  and  whose  memory  will,  we  trust,  be 
ever  dear  to  us  notwithstanding  the  reproaches  that  have  been  plentifully  cast  upon 

"  He  was  a  diligent  student,  was  well  versed  in  theology,  and,  in  the  judgment  of 
his  contemporaries,  was  a  man  of  vigorous  intellect  and  of  superior  ability  as  a  logi- 
cian and  a  writer.  From  a  list  of  his  books  which  is  preserved  in  a  collateral  branch 
of  the  family,  it  appears  that  he  was  possessed  of  a  very  valuable  library.*  His  genius 
for  mechanism  was  great.  Many  specimens  of  his  mechanical  laliors  still  remain. 
As  a  testimony  to  his  learning  and  abilities,  it  has  been  said  to  the  author  by  some 
aged  people  who  remembered  him,  that  "Whitfield  after  considerable  debate  with  him 
on  the  cardinal  points  of  Christianity,  acknowledged  that  he  was  a  man  of  great  in- 
genuity, though  he  regretted  the  erroneousness  of  his  views."  - 

Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  says  of  Tlieoplulus,  in  his  memorandum- 

He  "  was  remarkable  for  the  moderation  and  coolness  of  his  temper  and  his 
steadiness  of  conduct,  when  the  country  was  running,  with  fanatic  zeal,  after  the  cele- 
brated itinerant  preacher,  George  Whitfield,  whom  and  whose  followers,  in  a  pamphlet 
or  two,  he  firmly  opposed.  He  was  also  noted  for  his  mechanic  genius,  and  the  nice 
order  in  which  all  his  affairs  were  put  and  preserved." 

Some  of  the  furniture  which  he  made  is  now  owned  by  John  Pickering 
[49.  IX.  970],  who  occupies  the  old  Pickering  ]\Iansion  in  Salem.     It  con- 

*  In  his  library  was  a  manuscript  copy  of  a  printed  book  in  which  the  illustrations  as 
well  as  the  text  are  copied.  This  remarkable  piece  of  penmanship  is  now  in  the  posses- 
sion of  John  Pickering  [49.  IX.  970].  Some  of  his  books  are  in  the  possession  of  Francis 
H.  Lee  [1.  IX.  9]. 

-  The  History  of  the  Town  of  Essex,  Mass.,  by  Eobert  Crowell,  p.  1G7. 

*  Quoted  in  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  5,  note. 


gists  of  a  set  of  ten  cli;iir8,  u  desk,  and  a  pair  of  bellows.  A  sofa  -n-liich 
formerly  belonjied  to  the  set  of  cluiirs  is  in  the  possession  of  Charles  Pick- 
ering Putman  [5  t  VIII.  645].  See  the  heliotype  of  the  east  room  of  the 
Pickering  house  facing  p.  24. 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  liis  will,  which  was  dated  Oct.  10,  1747, 
and  was  proved  Nov.  2,  1747:  — 

I  Theopliilus  Pickering,  of  Ipswich,  clerk  suffering  under  sickness.  To  my  sister 
Lois,  wife  of  Timothy  Orne  of  Salem  =£1500  old  lenor.  To  her  daughter  Lois  Lee, 
widow  ^300  old  tenor.  To  the  children  of  my  sister  Sarah  Hardy,  deceased  X1500. 
old  tenor,  to  be  diually  among  tlieni  shared  To  my  kinswoman  widow  Sarah 
Mauslield,  over  and  above,  a  particular  legacy  of  £400.  old  tenor.  To  my  sister 
Eunice,  wife  of  William  Pickering,  of  Salem,  £1500.  old  tenor.  To  her  children  by 
Joseph  Xeal,  deceased,  £300.  old  tenor,  apiece  and  to  her  male  children  by  her  pres- 
ent husband,  Pickering,  £500  old  tenor  apiece.  To  Jonathan  Cogswell,  Esq.,  and 
wife,  each,  a  funeral  ring.  To  Mr.  William  Cogswell,  and  wife,  each,  a  funeral  ring. 
To  Lucy  Cogswell,  and  iLary  and  Sarah  Appleton,  daughters  in  said  family  £10.  old 
tenor  apiece.  To  Mr.  Xathaniel  Foster  of  Chebacco,  all  the  effects  he  has  of  mine 
in  his  hands,  provided  he  brings  no  account  or  debt  against  me.  To  Mrs.  Elizabeth 
Parker,  wife  of  Mr.  Daniel  Parker,  Jr.,  of  Boston,  £500.  old  tenor.  To  my  brother 
Timothy  Pickering  all  the  rest  of  my  estate  be  paying  legacies  and  funeral  charges, 
and  he  to  be  my  sole  executor.^ 

The  house  which  ^Ir.  Pickering  built  is  still  standing,  although  several 
changes  in  the  exterior  have  been  made.  It  is  said  that  the  'woodwork  of 
the  interior  and  the  front  door  ^^•ere  the  -woi-k  of  his  hands.  His  name  is 
perpetuated  in  the  town  by  Pickering  Street,  which  is  a  short  distance 
from  his  dwelling. 

His  gravestone  stands  in  the  old  graveyard  in  Essex,  and  the  following 
inscription  from  it  is  printed  in  the  history  of  that  town:  — 


Body  of  jeReTdMr 



Sept.  ye  ]9th,  1747, 

AGED  47   YEARS. 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  327.  pp.  411-113;  files,  Xo.  21,820. 


48-59.  IV.  9.  Timothy  Pickering  [Jolni  l-7(».  III.  1],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Feb.  14,  1702-3,  died  in  Salem.  A  farmer.  Residence: 

Timothy  Pickering-  was  a  deacon  of  what  is  now  called  the  Tabernacle 
Church,  and  as  Deacon  Pickering  he  was  generally  known.  Of  this  church 
he  was  a  prominent  member,  serving  on  various  committees  ;  and  the  busi- 
ness meetings  of  the  church  were  frequently  held  at  his  house. 

Deacon  Pickering  was  formerly  connected  with  the  First  Church  over 
which  the  Rev.  Samuel  Fiske  was  settled  Oct.  8,  1718.  During  his  min- 
istry Mr.  Fiske  introduced  many  new  practices  which  created  dissension 
among  his  parishioners.  Finally  April  18,  1735,  he  was  dismissed,  and 
then  preached  to  those  who  went  off  with  him.  Deacon  Pickering  was  of 
this  number.  Mr.  Fiske  was  succeeded  by  the  Rev.  Dudley  Leavitt,  who 
afterwards  mamed  a  daughter  of  Deacon  Pickering.  Both  societies  claimed 
to  be  the  "  First  Church,"  and  their  records  are  so  written.  But  in  August, 
1762,  the  difficulty  was  settled,  and  the  society  formed  by  Mr.  Fiske 
adopted  the  name  of  the  Third  Church.  Although  it  still  claims  to  be  the 
Third  Church,  it  is  called  the  Tabernacle  Church. 

As  to  his  personal  appearance,  a  private  journal  of  Nov.  4,  1766,  speaks 
of  Deacon  Pickering,  foreman  of  one  of  the  juries,  as  in  appearance  perfectly 
plain  like  a  farmer.  In  deeds  and  other  documents  on  record  he  is 
generally  described  as  "  gentleman."  He  was  a  man  of  great  fii-mness  of 
character,  of  decided  convictions,  and  of  great  piety. 

Deacon  Pickering  inherited  the  homestead,  and  there  spent  his  life,  liv- 
ing on  the  produce  of  his  farm,  as  his  ancestors  had  done  before  him.  By 
a  life  of  great  industry  and  frugality  he  added  to  the  paternal  estate,  and  w^as 
enabled  to  decently  educate  his  daughters,  according  to  the  custom  of  the 
time,  and  to  give  to  his  two  sons  a  regular  education  at  the  Grammar 
School  in  Salem,  and  at  Harvard  College.^ 

Though  he  did  not  favor  the  separation  of  tlie  Colonies  from  Great 
Britain,  yet  he  did  not  approve  of  the  conduct  of  tlie  mother  country 
towards  them.  This  is  shown  by  his  communication,  dated  Oct.  21,  1765, 
addressed  to  Benjamin  Lynde,  moderator  of  the  Salem  town-meeting.     In 

1  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  o. 


this  letter  he  deprecated  the  incoiLsiderate  and  violent  proceedings  against 
the  Stamp  Act.     He  adds,  however,  the  following :  — 

"We  would  not  bo  here  uuderstood,  as  though  it  was  our  principle,  tamely  to  sub- 
mit to  every  law  made  by  lawful  authority  whether  it  bo  right  or  wrong,  good  or 
bad;  for  this  would  be  to  lower  ourselves  down  into  passive  obedience,  and  non- 
resistance."  ^ 

In  ]\ray,  1770,  he  presided,  as  moderator,  over  the  town-meeting  which 
was  held  to  discuss  a  non-importation  agreement ;  and,  in  the  following 
September,  he  presided  over  another  meeting  at  which  resolutions  were 
passed  against  four  persons  who  had  violated  the  non-importation  agree- 
ment. In  July,  1776,  he  joined  in  a  subscription  to  enable  a  committee  to 
hire  the  soldiers  who  were  to  be  levied  in  Salem  to  reinforce  the  northern 

The  following  is  from  his  son  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering's  Memoran- 
dum Book :  — 

"The  tenor  of  my  father's  life  was  directed  by  his  opinions  of  the  equal  rights  of 
all  mankind.  Hence  the  dishonest  or  improper  conduct  of  the  men  possessed  of 
power  or  wealth  was  censured  without  reserve,  while  lie  was  disposed  to  apologize  for 
the  poor  and  uninformed.  All  his  actions  showed  that  he  deemed  Virtue  alone  enti- 
tled to  respect.  He  used  often  to  repeat  tlie  words  of  Solomon, — '  The  fear  of  vian 
bringeth  a  snare.' 

"  Invincibly  pursuing  the  calls  of  rigid  justice,  he  always  complained  of  the  wrongs 
done  to  widows,  and  orphans,  and  salary-men,  who  were  deeply  injured  by  the  depreci- 
ation of  the  paiier  money  of  the  Province  of  Massachusetts  ;  an  injury  which  he 
thought  the  Province  bound  in  justice  to  repair,  and  which  he  urged  upon  all  who  fell 
in  his  way,  who  had  any  influence  in  the  affairs  of  government. 

"The  emancipation  of  the  enslaved  Africans  was  another  favorite  topic  which  he 
dwelt  upon  whilst  he  lived;  and  he  lived  long  enough  to  see  it  beginning  to  take  place, 
in  fact,  in  the  Province  of  Massachusetts,  soon  after  the  commencement  of  the  late 
Revolution,  which  ended  in  the  establishment  of  the  Independence  of  the  United 
States.  It  was  not  until  the  Constitution  of  Massachusetts  was  new  modelled,  in 
1780,  that  in  that  State  slavery  was  abolished,  the  judges  of  the  Supreme  Court  pro- 
nouncing that  all  men  held  in  slavery,  dwelling  within  that  State  were  by  the  Consti- 
tution made  free  ;  grounding  their  opinion  on  the  first  clause  of  the  Declaration  of 
Rights,  —  ^All  men  are  horn  free  and  equal.'  "  ^ 

•  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by-  Oetavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  210,  note. 
»  Ibid.  Vol.  I.  p.  211,  note.  »  Ibid.  Vol.  I.  pp.  5-G. 


While  Deacon  Pickering's  son  Timothy  was  in  his  eighteenth  year,  and 
a  member  of  the  Senior  class  at  Harvard  College,  he  wrote  a  letter  to  his 
father  from  which  it  appears  that  some  one  had  reported  to  the  deacon  that 
his  son  had  been  playing  cards,  which  the  boy  denied,  but  at  the  same 
time  attempted  ;i  defence  of  the  practice.  Deacon  Pickering,  in  reply,  wrote 
to  his  son  the  following  characteristic  letter  :  — 

"  Dear  Son  :  Serious  men  of  large  experience  have  apprehended  that  the  diver- 
sion of  playing  at  cards  (all  things  considered)  is  not  expedient.  Pike  and  Ilayward 
write  upon  it,  as  you  may  see,  in  their  Cases  of  Conscience  judiciously  resolved. 
However  pleasant  the  exercise  may  seem  to  be  to  many,  yet  it  is  found  to  be  of  en- 
chanting nature.  I  hope,  above  all  things,  you  will  seek  spiritual  delights,  for  they 
are  not  only  most  ravishing,  but  also  most  essential.  All  mankind  naturally  most 
affect  things  of  sense ;  but  how  amazing  is  it  that  rational  creatures  should  so  much 
affect  earthly  pleasures,  and  neglect  the  pursuit  of  those  joys  that  are  eternal !  You 
know  my  mind.  You  have  now  a  price  in  your  hand  to  get  wisdom.  I  hope  God 
will  give  you  an  heart  to  improve  it. 

"  We  are  all  in  health,  through  God's  goodness,  and  hope  these  lines  may  find  you 
80.     Let  us  hear  from  you  in  convenient  time. 

"  Your  affectionate  father, 

"  Timothy  Pickering 

"Salem,  February  18th,  1763."  i 

Deacon  Timothy  Pickering  died  at  the  age  of  seventy -five  years,  and 
was  buried  in  the  "  burying  ground  on  the  hill,"  now  called  the  Broad  Street 
Ground,  which  is  directly  opposite  the  old  family  mansion.  His  grave- 
stone, and  that  of  his  wife,  Mary  (Wingate)  Pickering,  were  still  standing 
in  18'J6.  He  "  enjoyed  almost  uninterrupted  health  until  about  a  year 
before  his  death,  when  he  fell  into  a  decline  attended  with  a  consumptive 
cough."  ^ 

April  26,  1778,  Colonel  Pickering  wrote  of  his  father  during  his  final 
sickness  :  — 

"But  I  know  his  firmness  of  mind,  his  piety,  his  confidence  in  Heaven,  and 
thence  his  entire  resignation  to  the  will  of  God ;  and  that  his  anxiety  is  not  to  live 
long,  but  to  live  well."  ^ 

On  Sept.  11,  1778,  after  his  father's  death,  Colonel  Pickering  wrote  the 
following :  —  

1  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  13. 
«  Ibid.  Vol.  I.  pp.  6-7.  •  Ibid.  Vol.  I.  p.  214. 



"He  doubtless  excliaugcd  this  life  for  a  bettor,  ami  in  his  last  moments  could 
look  back  with  pleasure  on  a  long  life  spent  in  the  fear  and  service  of  God.  His 
peculiarities  rather  deserve  respect,  because  they  were  dictated  by  an  upright  heart, 
and  were  deemed  erroneous  only  because  they  did  not  coincide  with  the  practices  or 
fashions  of  the  world,  which  ever  was,  and  is,  too  corrupt  to  be  governed  by  principle 
founded  solely  on  love  to  God  and  love  to  man.'"^ 

The  Pickering  family  before  tlie  time  of  Deacon  Pickering  was  not  a 
long-lived  race,  the  average  age  at  death  being  under  fifty  years,  so  far  as 
can  be  ascertained ;  but  his  marriage  into  the  Wingate  family,  which  was 
noted  for  its  longevity,  brought  length  of  years  to  his  descendants.  The 
long  life  of  Deacon  Pickering's  children  is  shown  by  the  following  extract 
from  a  newspaper:  — 

"  Longevity.  Col.  Pickering  of  Salem  has  five  sisters,  and  the  sum  of  all  their 
ages  is  502;  making  the  average  age  of  each  individual  to  be  83  2-3  years.  Three 
others  of  the  same  family  have  died  whose  average  age  was  72."  ^ 

The  following  table  in  relation  to  the  longevity  of  Deacon  Pickering's 
family  is  taken  from  a  manuscript  book  of  records  owned  by  Colonel 
Theodore  Lyman  [51.  VIII.  577]. 

Children-  of  Timothy  &  jMaey  Pickering. 

Born  0.  S. 

Yre.  ni03.  days. 

Died  N.  S. 

Married  to 


Jan'y  28,  1730 

96.    0.  13 

Xov'r   21,  1826 

John  Clark 


March  29,  1733 

71.    9.  21 

Jan'y   30,  1805 

1st.  Ftev.   Dudley  Leavitt,  2d,  Judge 


Feb.     27,  1736 

S8.    7.  11 

Oct.      21,  1824 

George  Williams 


Nov.     12,  1737 

85.  10.  19 

Oct.      12,  1823 

John  Gardner 


March    2,  1740 

71.    5.    7 

Aug.     20,  1811 

Not  married 


April    10,  1712 

72.    9.     5 

Feb'y     4,  1815 

John  Gooll 

S  'Eunice 

"           " 

100.    8.  15 

Jan'y   14,  1843 

Her  cousin  Paine  Wingate.    He  lived 


July       0,  17-15 

83.     0.  12 

Jan.      29,  1829 

Ilebecca  White                  [over  99  yrs. 


N'ov'r    12,  1717 

74.  11.    8 

Oct.      31,  1822 

Israel  Dodge 

All  were  born  before  the  change  of  style  (1751),  therefore  11  days  to  be  added  to  the  birth  of  each 
to  correspond  with  new  style. 

Aggregate  nearly  746-J  years. 
Average  nearly  83  years. 

»  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  236. 
'  Portsmouth,  N.  H.,  Journal  quoted  in  the  Salem  Register  of  Nov.  2,  1S22. 


The  following  is  an  abstract  of  his  will,  which  was  dated  Feb.  5,  1778, 
and  was  proved  July  15,  177S  :  — 

I  Timothy  Piekerini^  of  Salem,  my  just  debts  to  be  paid  by  my  son  John.  I  give 
to  my  seven  daughters  as  follows  to  bo  |iaid  them  in  sterling  money  to  wit.  Sarah 
Clarke  £60;  Mary  Sargent  .£30;  Lydia  Williams  £80;  Elizabeth  Gardner  £5;  Lois 
Gool  £40  ;  Eunice  "Wingate  £40  ;  Lucia  Dodge  £70.  To  Mary  my  wife  all  my  house-' 
hold  furniture.  To  my  son  Timotliy  Pickering  one  third  of  my  real  estate.  To  my 
son  John  Pickering  the  residue  of  my  estate  both  real  and  personal  he  paying  my 
debts  and  charges  and  the  several  legacies  given  to  my  daughters,  and  paying  to 
my  wife  annually  during  her  life  such  sums  of  money  as  they  shall  agree  to  be 
sufficient  for  her  comfortable  and  liandsome  support  which  provision  when  assented 
to  by  her  is  to  be  in  full  of  her  right  of  dower  in  my  Real  Estate.  Son  John  my 

48-59.  IX.  9.  Jlarij  Witiyate,  the  wife  of  Timothy  Pickering,  born 
in  Hampton,  N.  H.,  died  in  Salem.^ 

She  and  her  husband ,  first  met  at  the  house  of  Parson  Balch  in 
"Wenham,  at  the  wedding  of  her  brother.  Rev.  Paine  Wingate,  and  Mary 
Balch.'  She  is  said  to  have  been  handsome  when  young,  and  to  have 
retained  her  good  looks  until  her  death.  Colonel  Pickering  wa-ites  of  her, 
Feb.  5,   1785:  — 

"An  aged  person  with  her  infirmities  could  not  wish  a  continuance  of  life,  and 
when  an  aged  christian  dies,  the  relatives  cannot  mourn."  * 

A  sampler  marked  "  Mary  "Winget "  is  in  the  possession  of  her  great- 
great-grandson,  Mr.  "William  E.  Silsbee  of  Boston. 

Her  father.  Colonel  Joshua  Wingate,  was  a  valued  citizen  of  Hampton, 
N.  H.  He  was  distinguished  for  both  public  and  private  virtues,  and  was 
entrusted  by  his  fellow-citizens  with  positions  of  respectability  and  honor. 
He  was  colonel  of  the  Hampton  regiment,  and  was  in  command  at  the 
siege  of  Louisburg  in  1745.     He  also  represented  Hampton  in  the  Legisla- 

1  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  353,  pp.  176-177;  files,  No.  21,821. 

'  A  copy  of  an  entry  in  the  family  Bible,  owned  by  Timothy  Pickering,  Jr.  [58.  VI. 
110],  gives  June  14th  as  the  date  of  her  birth,  and  in  this  several  other  authorities  agree ; 
but  still  other  authorities  give  the  date  as  June  7th. 

'  Jfemorandum  Book  of  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering. 

*  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  .503. 


ture.     He  married  ^lary,  daughter  of  Henry  Lunt  of  Newbury.     Thev 
both  lived  to  be  ninety  years  old.^ 

In  1700,  Colonel  Wingate  built  the  house  which  is  still  standing  in 
Hampton,  N.  H.,  and  which  has  always  been  in  the  possession  of  his  de- 
scendants. It  is  now  called  the  Old  Toppan  House,  and  is  occupied  by 
Mrs.  Colonel  Peter  Sanborn.  It  is  supposed  that  all  Colonel  Wingate'.s 
children  were  born  in  it."  Several  of  his  daughters  married  professional 
men,  and  his  son,  Rev.  Paine  Wingate,  was  the  father  of  the  Hon.  Paine 
"Wingate  who  married  Eunice  Pickering  [56-57.  Y.  23].  As  to  the  spell- 
ing and  pronouncing  of  Wingate,  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  in  his  memo- 
randum-book, under  the  head  of  "  Maternal  Relatives,"  writes  as  follows  : — 

"  Instead  of  Wingate,  tlic  name  was  formerly  written  and  pronounced  Winget. 
Indeed,  the  people  of  Hampton  and  the  neighboring  towns  at  this  day  pronounce  it 

This  is  not  the  only  form  in  which  it  has  been  written.  In  America  it 
is  found  spelled  Wengett,  Wendett,  Windiett,  Wendet,  etc.,  and  in  England 
Wyngate,  Windgate,  Wyndegate,  etc.* 

Mrs.  Pickering's  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Wingate, 
Taylor,  Lunt.        See   Ancestry  Tables   ^. 

60-70.  IV.  10.  Eunice  Pickering  [John  1-70.  III.  1],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  in  November,  1705,  died  in  Salem. 

She  received  a  bequest  of  £1500  old  tenor  by  the  will  of  her  brother 
Theophilus  Pickering,  who  also  left  £300  old  tenor,  to  each  of  her  children 
by  Joseph  Neal,  and  £500  old  tenor  to  each  of  her  male  children  by 
William  Pickering. 

60-70.  IV.  i6>^  Joseph  :Xeal,  her  first  husband,  born  in  Salem.  A 
fisherman.     Residence :  Salem. 

Jan.  19,  1732,  administration  on  his  estate  was   granted   to  his  widow 

»  See  History  of  the  Wingate  Family,  compiled  by  Charles  E.  L.  Wingate  [57.  VIII. 
706]  pp.  36-41,  for  a  more  extended  account. 

'  Letter  of  Joseph  C.  A.  Wingate  [57.  VII.  331]. 

»  See  History  of  the  Wingate  Family,  by  Charles  E.  L.  Wingate  [57.  VHI.  706]  pp. 


Eunice,  who  gave   bond  witli  Timothy   Pickering  and  Jeremiah  Neal   of 
Salem.     Tlie  inventory  was  rendered  March  5,  1732.' 

He  was  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Judith  (Croade)  Neal,  and  an  uncle  of 
Benjam'm  Ropes  [41-47.  V.  16^  His  ancestry  includes  the  following 
families :    Neal,    Lawes,   Croade,    Hersey.      See  Ancestry  Tables  ^\. 

60-70.  lY.lO-.  William  Pickering,  the  second  husband  of  Eunice 
Pickering,  born  in  Salem,  died  in  Salem.    .Residence :     Salem. 

In  deeds  he  is  called  a  cordwainer;  but  in  his  will,  which  was  dated 
Feb.  16,  1765,  and  proved  March  18,  1765,  he  is  otherwise  described.  An 
abstract  of  it  here  follows  :  — 

I  William  Pickering  of  Salem,  shoreman,  sick  in  body  but  of  perfect  mind.  To 
my  two  sons  John  Pickering,  and  William  Pickering,  all  my  real  estate  after  their 
mother's  decease,  to  be  equally  divided  between  them,  and  to  William,  my  shoe- 
maker's tools,  and  stock.  To  my  two  daughters  Hannah  Foster,  and  Abigail  ScoUay, 
besides  what  I  have  already  given  them,  j62.5  each  to  be  paid  them  by  my  two  sons  at 
their  mother's  decease.  To  my  wife  Eunice  Pickering,  the  whole  of  my  estate,  real 
and  personal,  during  her  life  then  to  return  to  my  two  sons.  Jly  household  stuff  I 
give  to  her  to  dispose  of  as  she  .shall  think  proper,  ily  wife  and  son  John  to  be  the 
executors  .2 

William  Pickering  was  a  son  of  Benjamin  [1-70.  III.  4]  and  Jane 
(Hobby)  Pickering  of  Salem. 

1  Essex  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  319,  pp.  331-332,  447;  files,  Xo.  19,181. 
«  Ibid.,  Vol.  342,  pp.  68-69;  files,  No.  21,820. 


1-2.  V.  2.  Lois  Orne  [Lois  1-11.  IV.  1],  born  in  Salem,  baptized  there 
March  30,  1712,  died  in  Saleui.^ 

The  Salem  Gazette  of  Dec.  21,  1790,  contains  the  following  announce- 
ment of  her  death  :  — 

"  In  Salem,  Mrs.  Lee,  widow  of  the  late  Mr.  Thomas  Lee,  80." 

Mrs.  Lee  received  under  the  will  of  her  uncle,  the  Rev.  Theophilus 
Pickering,  £300  old  tenor;  and  by  the  will  of  her  brother,  Timothy  Orne, 
£12  per  annum  of  lawful  money. 

1-2.  V.  2.  Thomas  Lee.  her  husband,  born  in  Boston,  baptized  there 
Sept.  5,  1703,  died  in  Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence:    Salem. 

Mr.  Lee's  father  was  a  prosperous  merchant  of  Boston.  Thomas,  his 
eldest  son,  was  sent  to  Harvard  College,  where  he  graduated  in  1722.  In- 
stead of  studying  for  a  profession,  Mr.  Lee  entered  upon  a  mercantile  career. 
He  carried  on  business  in  Boston,  and  lived  on  Bennett  Street  until  1733, 
when  he  removed  to  Salem.  His  father,  Thomas  Lee,  sold  this  Bennett 
Street  estate  Aug.  22,  1734,  and  speaks  of  it  as  "  the  same  that  I  purchas'd 
of  my  Sou  Thomas  Lee."  In  this  deed  he  calls  himself  merchant,  of  Boston, 
and  in  earlier  deeds  he  is  called  a  block-maker.- 

In  Salem  Mr.  Lee  was  an  active  and  influential  citizen.  He  represented 
the  town  in  the  General  Court,  in  the  years  1739,  1740,  and  1747,  and 
while  there   served  on  important  committees.     Felt  savs    of  him :    "  He 

*  The  date  of  her  birth  is  given  as  ^March  IG,  1711-12,  on  the  Salem  town  records, 
and  by  other  authorities ;  while  it  is  given  as  ^larch  12,  1712,  in  John  Leigh  of  Agawam 
(Ipswich),  ^Massachusetts,  by  William  Lee,  p.  47. 

'"  Suffolk  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  51,  p.  94;  Vol.  26,  pp.  266-7;  Vol.  32, 
p.  27. 


was  entrusted  with  various  duties  in  town,  and  roprosented  it  in  the  General 
Court." ' 

Mr.  Lee's  brother,  Judg'e  Joseph  Lee,  H.  C.  1729,  was  a  man  of  dis- 
tinction. He  was  a  loyalist,  and  in  1774  was  compelled  to  resign  his  office 
with  Judge  Danforth  and  Judge  Oliver.  He  married  Rebecca  Phips 
(their  banns  having  been  published  Feb.  15,  1755),  a  daughter  of  Lieuten- 
ant-Governor Spencer  Phips,  and  resided  in  tlie  mansion-house  which  stood, 
until  recently,  on  the  corner  of  Brattle  and  Appleton  streets,  Cambridge.^ 
Tins  house  was  bouglit  in  1860  by  George  Nichols  [43.  VIH.  452],  and 
was  occupied  by  his  widow  till  her  death. 

The  following  obituary  of  ^Ir.  Lee's  father  appeared  in  the  Supplement 
to  the  Boston  Gazette,  of  Monday,  July  21,  17G6  :  — 

"  Wednesday  iNIoriiing  died  llr.  Thomas  Lee,  in  the  94th  year  of  his  Age,  who  in 
the  early  and  active  Part  of  Life  carried  on  a  considerable  Trade  in  this  Town,  tho' 
he  deserves  to  be  recorded,  rather  for  the  unblemished  Integrity  of  his  Dealings,  and 
the  exact  Punctuality  of  his  Payments,  than  for  the  Extent  of  his  Trade,  or  the 
Length  of  his  Life." 

Mr.  Lee  married,  for  his  first  wife,  Elizabeth  Charnock,  their  banns 
having  been  publislied  July  1.'3,  1727.  She  was  baptized  Sept.  14,  1707, 
and  was  a  daughter  of  Captain  John  Charnock,  of  Boston,  by  his  wife  Mary, 
daughter  of  Ralph  King  of  Lynn,  and  sister  of  Dan/el  Khig  [1-70.  Ill  0^'\? 
By  her  he  had  tlie  following  children,  born  in  Boston  :  — 

Martha  Lee,       born  ilay  27,  1728r 

Elizabeth  Lee,  born  Feb.  19,  172a-ort ;  died  June  21,  ISOS.  She  married  Andrew 
Kewell  of  Boston,  their  banns  having  been  published  Aug.  8, 1759, 
and  left  issue,  ^heve  is  aji  interesting  painting  of  a  family  group, 
in  -which  Mrs.  Xewell  appears,  surrounded  by  her  two  cousins, 
the  Misses  Charnock,  the  two  Jlisses  Greenwood,  and  Jlr.  Green- 

»  Quoted  in  the  Memorial  of  .John  Clarke  Lee  [1.  VIII.  11],  by  the  Eev.  E.  B.  Will- 
son,  printed  in  the  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XV.  p.  .52. 

'  See  the  History  of  Cambridge,  Mass.,  by  Lucius  R.  Paige,  p.  IGS. 

'  See  the  Charnock  Family,  by  Isaac  J.  Greenwood,  printed  in  The  Heraldic  Journal, 
Vol.  III.  pp.  107-110.  Captain  Charnock's  second  wife,  who  was  Hannah,  daughter  of 
Elizur  Holyoke,  of  Boston,  and  sister  of  President  Hulyoke  of  Harvard  College,  became 
the  second  wife  of  Theophilus  Burrill,  Esq.,  of  Lynn,  ;\Iass.,  who  was  a  brother  of  Sarah, 
the  wife  of  John  Pickering.     See  the  Burrill  Pedigree  facing  p.  46. 


wood,  the  artist  who  painted  the  picture.  This  painting  is  in  tlie 
possession  of  Colonel  Henry  Lee,  of  Brookline,  Mass.,  a  great- 
grandson  of  Thomas  Lee. 

Thomas  Lee  and  his  wife  were  »eoond  cousins  through  the  FHnt.s.' 
Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  to  liis  widow  Lois,  Aug.  10,  1747. 
The  inventory,  which  was  rendered  Dec.  31,  1756,  amounted  to  £7039  8.s. 
4c?.  old  tenor,  and  to  £l7.j'J  17.!>.  1(/.  in  new  tenor.^  It  included  a  dwelling- 
house  valued  at  £1000,  an  acre  <">!'  land  niBar  Deacon  Timothy  Pickering's, 
a  negro  boy  and  girl,  h;ilf  of  a  warehouse  and  wharf  with  Benjamin 
Gerrish,  Esq.,  valued  at  £150,  one-quarter  part  of  the  Schooner  Samuel 
valued  at  £l()75,  one-quarter  part  of  the  Snow  Sea  Horse,  valued  at  £900, 
and  a  stock  of  English  goods. 

He  was  the  son  of  Thomas  and  Deborah  (Flint)  Lee,  of  Boston.  His 
ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Lee,  Mellows,  Flint,  Hart.  See 
Ancestrt  Tables   j. 

3-5.  V.  3.  Esther  Orne  [Lois  1-11.  IV.  1],  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  Jan.  23,  1714-15,  died  in  Salem. 

Her  portrait,  painted  in  1749,  and  here  reproduced,  is  now  in  the  pos- 
session of  her  great-granddaughter.  Miss  Fidelia  Bridges,  of  Canaan,  Conn. 

The  late  Mrs.  Alfred  A.  Abbott  [3.  IX.  39^,  of  Peabody,  Mass.,  among 
other  portraits,  had  in  her  possession  a  picture  of  an  old  lady,  which  she 
said  was  that  of  the  mother  of  Captain  Daniel  Mackey  [3-5.  VI.  ^'\.  Captain 
Mackey's  portrait,  and  that  of  his  wife,  were  also  in  her  collection.  In 
writing  of  these  pictures,  the  late  Mrs.  Joel  Blackmer  [3.  IX.  37],  of  Port 
Eichmond,  Staten  Island,  X.  Y.,  said  :  "  The  oldest,  the  lady  with  the  cap, 
and  white  handkerchief  crossed  over  her  dress,  is  our  great-great-grand- 
mother, Mrs.  Samuel  Gardner,  nee  Esther  Orne."  The  picture  of  the  old 
lady,  however,  does  not  bear  a  resemblance  to  the  picture  here  reproduced 
of  Mrs.  Gardner,  and  we  are  inclined  to  think  that  Mrs.  Abbott  was  right 
in  her  statement,  and  that  it  is  a  picture  of  the  mother  of  Captain  Daniel 
Mackey.  His  mother,  the  wife  of  William  Mackey,  was  the  daughter  of 
Daniel  Epes  of  Salem. 

'  See  the  Flint  Pedigree,  facing  p.  33. 

«  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  323,  p.  264,  and  Vol.  334,  pp.  202-204 ;  files, 
No.  16,661. 


[j-5     V.    3.] 
From  the  Portrait,  fAiMED  in   1749,  now  in  the  possession   of  Miss 

FiDKLIA     BRIDGf.S,  OF    CaNAAN,  CoNN, 


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[j-5      V.     5.1 

From  the  Portr.\it,   iwi.situ  in   1749,  .now   ks  the  possession  of   Miss 
FiDKLiA  Bridi;es.  of  C.\naan,  Conn. 


3-5.  V.  3.  Samuel  Gardner,  the  husband  of  Esther  Oriie,  born  in 
Saleui,  baptized  there  Jan.  4,  1712-13,  died  in  Salem.  A  merchant.  Resi- 
dence :  Sah^n.^ 

Mr.  Gardner,  H.  C.  1732,  studied  no  profession,  but  after  graduation 
he  entered  upon  mercantile  pursuits,  which  he  carried  on  with  great  success. 
IIo  is  said  to  have  been  the  richest  man  in  Salem  at  the  time  of  his  death 
and  to  have  been  worth  one  hundi-ed  thousand  dollars.  Lieutenant-Governor 
Gray,  the  eminent  merchant,  passed  two  years  in  his  counting-room."  We 
had  supposed  that  he  was  the  same  Samuel  Gardner  whose  name  appears 
on  the  Salem  records  as  selectman  and  representative  to  the  General  Court, 
nnd  that  he  was  a  magistrate,  since  he  was  called  esquire.  Moreover  Samuel 
P.  Gardner  [53.  VI.  101],  in  his  record  of  the  Gardner  family,  says  : 
"  Samuel  Gardner  held  several  of  the  most  important  town  offices,  and  was 
a  member  of  the  General  Court."  On  the  other  hand  Colonel  Benjamin 
Pickman  in  his  account  of  the  old  houses  of  Essex  Street,  Salem,  speaks  of 
Mr.  Gardner  as  having  bought  his  house  of  Benjamin  Marston,  Esq.,  and 
tiiat  "  He  was  one  of  the  most  accurate  merchants  in  New  England  and 
acquired  a  very  handsome  estate.  Extremely  devoted  to  interest,  [sic] 
and  though  every  way  qualified  to  serve  his  country,  never  intermingled  in 
any  public  business."^ 

His  great-granddaughter,  Miss  Fidelia  Bridges,  writes  as  follows  about 
his  residence  :  "  The  house  of  Samuel  Gardner  still  stands  on  the  corner 
of  Essex  and  Cromby  streets,  Salem,  afterwards  called  the  Salem  Hotel." 
Mr.  Gardner's  portrait,  painted  in  1749,  and  here  reproduced,  is  now  owned 
by  Miss  Bridges. 

Mr.   Gardner's   second    wife   was    Mrs.    Elizabeth    Winslow    of  Boston. 
She  was  a  daughter  of  William  and   Hannah  (xA.ppleton)  Clarke,  of  Bos- 

*  A  paper  in  the  possession  of  the  late  Mr.  Alfred  A.  Abbott  of  Peabody,  Mass.,  gives 
the  date  of  birth  as  Jan.  4. 1712,  meaning  undoubtedly  1712-13.  Various  authorities  give  the 
following  date  as  that  of  baptism,  viz.,  Feb.  9,  1712,  Aug.  4,  1712,  Aug.  12.  1712,  Aug.  14, 
1712;  but  the  "  Baptisms  of  the  First  Church  in  Salem,"  by  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland  in  the 
Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VII.  p.  222,  give  the  date  as  Jan.  4, 1712-13,  and 
this  is  probably  correct. 

*  Gardner  Records. 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collection,  Vol.  VI.  p.  107, 


ton,  and  was  born  Nov.  13,  1716.  Tlicir  marriage  intention  was  pub- 
lished June  22,  1758.  A  copy  of  it  wliicli  was  in  the  possession  of  the 
late  John  L.  Gardner    [nS.  \'1I.  303]  reads  as  follows:  — 

"I  hereby  certify  that  y»  names  of  Samuel  Gardner,  Esq"'  of  Salem  &  Mrs.  Eliza- 
beth Winslow  of  Boston,  with  their  intention  of  marriage  have  been  entered  with  me 
fifteen  days,  and  that  their  said  intention  hath  been  by  me  posted  at  the  Great  Meet- 
ing House  (so  called)  a  publish  place  in  said  Salem  more  than  fourteen  days  k 
nothing  objected.     Salem  June  •22°'*  1753  John  Higgi.nson,  Town  Clerk." 

She  was  the  widow  of  William  "Winslow,  to  whom  she  was  married 
Dec.  11,  1735.  His  estate  was  administered  upon  Oct.  27,  1746,  by  his 
brother  Isaac  Winslow,  and  in  the  administration  papers  he  is  called  of 
Louisburg,  Island  of  Cape  Breton,  merchant.  William  Winslow  was  in 
the  Commissariat  Department  at  the  Siege  of  Louisburg,  in  1745,  as 
was  his  brother  Samuel  Winslow.  They  both  died  in  that  service.  Their 
father  was  Colonel  Edward  Winslow,  of  Boston,  Sheriff  of  Suffolk  County, 
and  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Conmion  Pleas.  ^Irs.  Gardner's  brother,  Richard 
Clarke,  Avas  one  of  the  consignees  of  the  tea  destroyed  in  Boston  Harbor  at 
the  beginning  of  the  Revolution.  Her  mother  married  for  her  second  hus- 
band Hon.  Josiah  Willard,  and  is  mentioned  in  Samuel  Gardner's  will. 
Mrs.  Willard  died  July  28,  1766,  at  the  age  of  eighty-one,  having  named 
her  daughter  Elizabeth  Gardner,  in  her  wdll.^  After  her  second  husband's 
death  Mrs.  Gardner  took  a  third  husband,  Francis  Cabot,  she  being  his 
second  wife.  The  following  announcement  of  their  marriage  appeared  in 
the  Salem  Gazette  of  Tuesday,  Apnl  26,  1770:  — 

"Last  Thursday  Francis  Cabot,  Esq.,  an  Eminent  Merchant  of  this  Place  was  mar- 
ried to  Mrs.  Gardner  the  amiable  and  wortliy  Relict  of  the  late  Samuel  Gardner,  Esq." 

Mrs.  Cabot  died  June  14,  17S5,  aged  sixty-eight  years.  The  following 
notice  of  Mr.  Gardner's  death  appeared  in  the  Essex  Gazette  of  Tuesday 
April  11,  1769:  — 

"Last  Friday  Morning  died  after  a  long  continued  and  tedious  Indisposition, 
Samuel  Gardner,  Esq.,  an  eminent  Jlerchant  of  this  Town,  Fifty-seven  Years  of  Age. 
His  remains  were  decently  interred  last  evening." 

>  Suffolk  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  G.5,  p.  322 ;  files,  Xo.  8,oS8. 


Tlie  fallowing  is  an  al)stract  of  his  will,  which  was  dated  Sept.  15,  1766, 
and  which  was  proved  May  1,  1TG9  :  — 

I  Samuel  Gardner,  of  Salem,  Esquire,  of  very  iufirm  health.  To  my  daughter 
Kstlier  Maekey  ^1500  wiiich,  with  what  I  advanced  to  her  hefore  her  inter-marriage 
with  Mr.  Daniel  Maekey,  I  judge  to  make  =£2000.  I  discharge  her  and  the  heirs  of 
licr  liusband  Mr.  Francis  Higginson,  with  what  I  charged  him  in  my  books.  To  my 
daughter  Lois  Gardner  £2000.  To  my  daughter  Elizabeth  Gardner  =£2000  when  she 
is  twenty-one. 

To  my  beloved  wife  Elizabeth  Gardner  =£333.6.8  ;  also  the  value  of  <£100  more  in 
household  goods;  also  the  household  goods  which  belonged  to  her  at  our  marriage, 
and  all  personal  estate  left  to  her  by  Madam  Hannah  Willard ;  also  my  negro  boy 
Titus,  for  life ;  also  my  two-wheeled  chaise  and  one  of  my  cliaise  horses ;  also  the 
right  to  sit  in  my  pew  in  the  Rev.  Thonias  Barnard's  meeting  house ;  also  during  her 
life  the  annuity  and  sum  yearly  of  £160,  all  of  which  is  in  right  of  dower. 

As  my  negro  slave  named  Isaac  has  generally  served  me  with  great  diligence  and 
integrity,  I  give  to  the  same  Isaac  i^lO  lawful  money  with  his  apparel,  and  his  free- 
dom. If  he  is  unable  to  support  himself,  my  sons  George,  Weld,  and  Henry,  to  sup- 
port him.^ 

To  my  honored  mother  Elizabeth  Gardner,  an  annuity  of  =£30,  on  condition  that 
it  is  in  discharge  of  my  part  of  the  yearly  payment  to  be  made  her  by  myself  and 
others,  by  force  of  the  will  of  my  grandfather  Captain  Samuel  Gardner. 

I  give  to  Mr.  William  Jeffrey  £100,  on  condition  that  he  shall  then  be  employed 
or  engaged  in  my  business,  as  he  now  is,  which  is  in  testimony  of  tlie  great  regard  I 
have  for  him,  and  the  sense  I  have  of  his  great  faithfulness  in  my  service.-  To  the 
Rev.  Mr.  Thomas  Barnard  £12. 

*  The  Records  of  the  First  Church  state  that  Cato,  negro  of  Samuel  Gardner,  was  bap- 
tized Isaac,  owned  the  covenant  May  28,  1749,  and  was  admitted  to  the  church  Jau.  2,  1757. 

The  Salem  ^Mercury  of  Tuesday,  Xov.  6,  17S7,  has  the  following  notice,  ••  In  tliis  town 
Is:iac  Howard  (an  African)  aged  GO  —  formerly  a  domestick  of  the  late  Samuel  Gardner, 
Erfq.     A  '  good  and  faithful  servant.' 

"  '  Honour  and  shame  from  no  complection  rise, 
Act  well  your  part,  there  all  the  honour  lies.' " 

'  Probably  identical  with  William  Jeffrey,  Esq.,  Clerk  of  the  Courts  in  Esse.x  County, 
who  married  Sept.  21,  17GG,  Elizabeth,  fifth  child  of  Joseph  Bowditch,  Esq.,  who  also 
was  for  many  years  clerk  of  the  Courts  of  Essex  County.  She  was  born  Feb.  S,  1731-5, 
and  died  in  July,  1772.  "  1772  June  19th,  Mr.  Jeffrey  was  taken  with  Excessive  Pain  in 
his  Bowels,  21st.  Kept  his  bed,  and  Died  ye  Sth.  July  in  ye  35th.  year  of  his  age."  Their 
daughter  Elizabeth  Jeffrey,  born  Feb.  10,  1772,  married  in  October,  1790,  the  Hon.  Nathan 
Head,  of  Saletu  and  Belfast,  Maine,  among  whose  papers  was  a  Bowditch  Record  from 
which  this  note  is  made. 


Aud  to  the  end  that  the  payment  of  the  annuities  and  yearly  payments  aforesaid 
may  be  effectually  secured,  and  the  same  duly  paid,  it  is  my  will  that  £3600  of  my 
personal  estate  shall  not  be  received  by  my  children  until  the  same  annuities  and 
yearly  payments  be  completed,  or  shall  cease  to  become  due,  when  the  said  £3600 
shall  be  divided  amouii  my  children  as  follows :  To  my  daughter  Lois  Gardner,  £335. 
To  my  daughter  Elizabeth  Gardner,  £335,  and  the  remainder  to  my  three  sons 
George,  Weld,  and  Henry. 

The  residue  of  my  estate  both  real  and  personal  I  give  to  my  sons  George,  Weld, 
and  Henry  in  e<jual  shares  and  proportions.  Yij  brother  Mr.  John  Gardner,  and  my 
friend  Mr.  Francis  Cabot,  to  be  my  executors. 

The  inventory  of  the  estate,  of  Aug.  7,  1769,  amounted  to  £20,929 
7s.  Id.  It  included  two  family  pictures,  and  one  coat  of  arms,  one  share  in 
the  Social  Library,  in  Salem,  and  a  negro  man-servant  named  Jack,  very 
infirm.  Among  sundry  effects,  put  down  as  belonging  to  Mrs.  Gardner 
before  marriage,  was  one  family  picture.* 

The  heliotype  of  the  Gardner  coat  of  arms  which  is  here  given  is 
taken  from  an  embroidery  now  in  the  possession  of  the  heirs  of  the  late 
Alfred  A.  Abbott  [3.  IX.  39],  of  Peabod}-,  Mass.  The  late  Mrs.  Joel 
Blackmer  [3.  IX.  37]  wrote  of  this  embroidery  that:  "Every  stitcb  of  it 
was  worked  by  aunt  Lois  Barnard."  Mrs.  Abbott  has  some  silver  bearing 
the  Gardner  crest.  Colonel  Henry  Lee  [2.  VIII.  15],  of  Brookline,  Mass., 
has  a  beautiful  silver  tea-pot  bearing  the  Gardner  coat  of  arms,  which 
probably  belonged  to   Sauuiel  Gardner. 

The  Gardner  family  has  been  an  important  one  in  the  annals  of  Salem. 
The  founder,  Mr. -Thomas  Gardner,  overseer  of  the  plantation  at  Cape  Ann, 
who  removed  to  Salem,  had  a  large  family  of  children  whose  descendants 
are  very  numerous.  There  are  probably  few,  if  any,  of  the  Salem  families 
who  are  not  in  some  way  connected  with  tliis  ancient  stock.  A  very  large 
number  of  the  Pickering  descendants  trace  their  descent  to  this  family, 
through  one  or  more  branches,  as  is  shown  in  the  Ancestry  Tables.  In 
some  cases  as  many  as  five  lines  of  descents  from  it  are  shown,  as  is  the 
case  with  the  Bowditch  descendants.' 

>  Essex  County  Probate  Kecords,  Vol.  3-15,  pp.  337-343,  45G-468  ;  files,  No.  10,659. 
'  For  an  interesting  account  of  the  Gardners,  by  Thomas  C.  Amory,  see  the  New 
England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Register,  Vol.  XXV.  pp.  48-50. 


From  an  Embroidkky  ^o^v•  in  the  possession  uf  the  heirs  of  the  late. 
Hon.  .Alfred  .\.  Aheott,  of  Peabody,  Mass. 




[6-7.     V.     4] 

From  the  Portrait  by  Joseph  Badger,  painted  aboit  175S,  now 
the  possession  of  the  hfirs  of  the  late  mrs.  wn.i.iam  gurt 
Saltoxstall,  of  Boston. 


Samuel  Gardner  was  a  son  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (Weld)  Gardner,  of 
Salc-ra.  His  sister  Bethiah  Gardner  was  the  grandmother  of  Nathaniel 
IJowditch,  LL.D. ;  John  Gardner  [53.  V.  W]  was  his  nephew,  and  Charles 
Ltmon  l^G.  VIII.  o^j]  was  his  grandnephew.  His  ancestry  includes  tlie 
following  families:  Gardner,  Frier,  Orne,  Browne,  Weld,  Clap,  Mitchelson, 
Bushell.      See   ^\j<cestry  Tables   ^. 

6-7.  V.  4.  Timothy  Orne  [Lois  1-11.  IV.  1],  bom  in  Salem,  died  in 
Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence :     Salem. 

Mr.  Orne  was  admitted  to  the  First  Church,  July  31,  1748.  He  was 
extensively  engaged  in  foreign  commerce,  and  accumulated  a  fortune. 
Some  of  his  account-books,  which  give  one  an  idea  of  his  business  transac- 
tions, are  in  the  possession  of  his  great-great-grandson  Francis  H.  Lee,  of 
Salem,  who  also  possesses  his  Family  Bible,  which  contains  a  family  record. 
In  an  old  memorandum-book  written  in  1757  there  is  the  following  entry: 
"Joseph  Bagger^  Faice  painter  Boston  My  picture  £6.  My  wife's  £6. 
pictures  of  my  four  children  "  Of  these  portraits  four  of  them  at  least  are 
in  existence,  viz. :  The  portraits  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Orne,  and  two  of  their 
children,  which  are  reproduced  in  this  work.  They  are  now  in  the  posses- 
sion of  the  children  of  ilr.  Orne's  great-great-granddaughter,  the  late  Mrs. 
William  G.  Saltonstall,  of  Boston,  who  received  them  with  the  picture  of 
Lois  Pickering  [1-11.  IV.  1],  from  the  widow  of  Joseph  S.  Cabot,  Mr. 
Orne's  great-grandson.  The  other  two  we  have  not  been  able  to  trace. 
These  are  probably  the  seven  family  pictures  that  are  mentioned  in  the  in- 
ventory of  Mr.  Orne's  estate. 

On  the  marriage  of  Mr.  Orne's  daughters,  he  gave  them  each  a  hand- 
.some  outfit  of  silver,  engraved  with  the  Orne  arms.  Much  of  this  silver 
is  still  preserved  among  their  descendants.  Mr.  Ornu's  mansion-house  on 
Essex  Street,  Salem,  is  at  the  present  time  (1894)  in  a  fine  state  of  preser- 

'  Joseph  Badger,  of  Boston,  painted  in  1747,  a  portrait  of  James  Bowdoin,  1676-1747. 
He  is  probably  the  same  Joseph  Badger  of  Boston,  glazier,  whose  widow  Katharine 
ailministered  upon  his  estate  Ang.  2."?,  1765.  She  returned  the  inventory  Oct.  18,  1765. 
In  it  he  is  called  Joseph  Badger  of  Boston,  painter.  Joseph  Badger,  glazier,  and  Samuel 
Badger,  tailor,  both  of  Boston  gave  bond.  In  the  inventory  there  is  a  coat  of  arms  valued 
at  six  shillings.  [Suffolk  County  Probate  Records^  Vol.  G4,  pp.  461,  532,  and  Vol.  67,  p.  155.] 


vation.     It    is  owned  by   Mrs.  John   Hodges.     xV  lieliotype  of  it    is  hc-re 
given.    Tlie  staircase  of  tliis  house  is  particularly  fine. 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  Timothy  Orne's  will,  which  was  dated 
May  28,  17G7,  and  was  proved  Aug.  i,  1767  :  — 

I  Timothy  Orue,  of  Salem,  merchant,  of  sound  mind  and  memory. 

To  my  loving  wife  Rebecca  Orne,  all  my  household  furniture  and  plate,  mv  best 
horse  and  cliaise,  two  cows,  £800  in  ready  cash  lawful  money,  the  use  of  my  mansion 
house  I  now  live  in,  and  one  half  of  my  barns,  outhouses,  and  land  adjoining,  for  her 
natural  life  ;  also  the  improvement  of  about  twelve  acres  of  land  in  Salem  at  a  place 
called  i\[assey's  Point,  Xorthfield,  for  and  during  the  time  tliat  she  remains  my  widow, 
fifteen  common  rights  in  the  cow  pasture,  and  thirty-four  common  rights  in  the  sheep 
pasture  in  Salem;  also  £100.  lawful  money  per.  annum  during  the  time  that  she  con- 
tinues to  be  my  widow. 

To  my  son  Timothy  Orne,  Jr.,  the  mansion  house  that  was  my  late  father's,  Tim- 
othy Orne,  now  occupied  by  my  brother  Samuel  Orne,  and  one  half  of  all  my  land 
adjoining,  which  I  purchased  of  my  brothers  Samuel,  and  John  Orne,  and  Samuel 
risk  ;  also  one  half  of  all  the  barns  thereon,  also  my  old  warehouse,  and  one  half  of 
my  wharf  lands,  and  dockage  adjoining;  also  one  half  of  twelve  acres  of  land  in 
Northfield,  Salem,  also  four  common  rights  in  the  cow  pasture,  in  Salem ;  also  twenty 
common  rights  \\\  the  sheep  pasture;  about  twelve  acres  of  land  in  Danvers,  called 
Orne's  Orchard  ;  also  my  farm  called  Cutler's,  in  Danvers,  of  one  hundred  and  thirty 
acres,  and  all  the  buildings  on  it,  stock  of  creatures,  utensils,  and  eight  acres  of  I 
marsh  in  Lynn,  called  Pickering's  Point,  which  marsh  I  purchased  of  my  late  mother  | 
Lois  Orue,  deceased,  and  of  Joseph  Gray ;  part  of  a  piece  of  land  near  Xorthfield 
bridge,  in  Salem;  also  my  share  and  interest  in  Union  Wharf,  Salem;  one  share  in; 
the  Social  Library  in  Salem  and  .£3000  lawful  money. 

To  my  son  Samuel  Orne,  my  house,  land  and  outbuildings  in  Salem,  two  acres  of ; 
land  in  Salem,  bounded  on  the  Xoi-th  River,  my  warehouse,  one  half  of  all  my  wharf ' 
lands,  and  dockages  adjoining  it,  half  of  twelve  acres  of  land  in  X'orthfield,  Salem,  - 
three  common  rights  in  the  cow  pasture,  fourteen  common  rights  in  the  sheep  pas- 
ture, fifty  acres  of  land  in  Danvers,  about  four  acres  of  land  in  Danvers,  about  three 
acres  of  salt  marsh  in  Lynn,  one  and  a  half  acres  of  marsh  in  Lynn,  one  share  in  the 
Social  Library  in  Salem,  and  £3000  lawful  money. 

To  my  daughter  Relx-cca  Orne,  one  quarter  part  of  the  house  I  now  live  in ;  one 
eighth  part  of  all  my  lands  adjoining ;  one  eighth  part  of  my  barn  and  outhouses  ;  two 
common  rights  in  Salem;  also  £1G00  lawful  money. 

To  my  daughter  Sarah  Orne,  the  same  as  her  sister,  e.\cept  that  she  have  £1500 
lawful  money. 

To  my  daughters  Lois  and  Esther,  each  the  same  as  Sarah. 

To  my  sister  Lois  Lee,  £12  lawful  money,  per.  annum.  j 


[6-7.     V.     4] 



r  n ' 


:zj ' 


a^:.-^ i  ''    ''l]: 

■f.:      U- 

"^-....  '"■'-—■■""'- 


[(r-y.     V.     4.] 

From  the  Portrait   by  Joseph  Badger,  painted  about   175S,  now  in 


Saltonstall,  OF  Boston. 


To  my  executors  XlOO  lawful  niouey  to  be  divided  amoiiL;  them. 

After  the  death  of  my  wife  Rebecca,  and  sister  Lois,  their  interest  to  be  divided 
among  my  children,  and  after  debts  and  legacies  are  paid  the  remainder  to  be  divided 
among  my  six  children. 

My  Uncle  Deacon  Timothy  Pickering,  of  Salem,  and  brother  John  Orne,  of  Lynn, 
to  be  my  executors. 

The  inventory  of  IMarch  7, 1768,  amounted  to  £27,980  18s.  lOlcZ.,  and  in- 
cluded seven  family  portraits  valued  at  £22  los.,  and  two  coats  of  arms  30s.^ 

6-7.  V.  4-  Kebecca  Taylor,  the  wife  of  Timothy  Orne,  born  in  Lyun, 
died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Orne  was  admitted  to  the  First  Church,  Jan.  1,  1769.  Her  por- 
trait, which  is  here  reproduced,  was  painted  by  Joseph  Badger.  It  is  in 
the  possession  of  the  heirs  of  the  late  Mrs.  William  G.  Saltonstall  [1.  IX. 
12],  of  Boston. 

Mrs.  Orne's  great-grandson,  the  late  Dr.  William  Mack  of  Salem,  had  a 
remarkable  piece  of  embroidery  in  the  shape  of  a  petticoat  which  was 
worked  by  her.  On  it  is  pinned  a  paper,  upon  wliich  is  written  the 
following  :  — 

"  Linen  petticoat  |  worked  by  Great  Grandmother  Orne  |  Rebecca  (Taylor)  Orne  | 
wife  of  Timothy  born  in  Lynn  June  5,  1727  |  died  May  1771  |  " 

This  petticoat  is  one  yard  long,  and  three  yards  and  nine  inches  around 
the  bottom.  It  is  so  well  embroidered  that  it  looks  like  a  piece  of  hand- 
painting,  and  the  colors,  which  are  very  brilliant,  are  evidently  as  bright 
as  they  were  at  the  time  they  were  worked.  As  Mrs.  Orne  died  one 
hundred  and  twenty-three  years  ago,  it  must  be  a  very  old  piece  of  work. 
It  is  done  in  crewel  or  worsted,  on  heavy  brown  linen,  and  is  made  in  two 
pieces.  The  lower  piece  is  about  nine  inches  deep,  and  is  sewed  on  to 
the  upper  part.  The  design  of  this  lower  part  is  \qxx  elaborate,  and  con- 
sists of  trees,  shrubs,  flowers,  various  animals,  and  birds.  The  upper 
portion  is  a  very  graceful  pattern  of  scrolls,  vines,  and  tiowers. 

Mrs.  Orne's  death  is  thus  noticed  in  the  Essex  Gazette  of  Tuesday,  May 
7,1771:—      -  

1  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  344,  pp.  153-157,  373-387;  files,  No.  20,104. 


"Laat  Wednesday  died  here  in  the  44th  year  of  her  Age  Mrs.  Rebecca  Orne, 
Relict  of  Mr.  Timothy  Ornc,  deceased,  late  an  eminent  Merchant  in  this  Place.  Her 
Remains  were  decently  interred  last  Saturday." 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Oriie  were  second  cousins,  she  being  a  daughter  of 
Wilham  and  Sarah  (Burrill)  Taylor  of  Lynn.'  Sarah  BurrUl  [1-70.  III.  i] 
was  her  great-aunt.  Her  ancestry  inckides  the  following  families  :  Taylor, 
Bun-ill,    Ivory,    South,    Jarvis.      See   Axcestky  Tables  J. 

8.  V.  5.  Samuel  Orne  [Lois  1-11.  IV.  1],  born  in  Salem,  died  iu 
Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence :     Salem. 

Mr.  Orne,  H.  C.  1740,  became  a  merchant.  By  his  father's  will,  of 
which  he  was  one  of  the  executors,  he  inherited  a  farm  of  one  hundred  and 
fifty  acres  in  the  north  precinct  of  Lynn ;  five  acres  of  salt  marsh  in  Lynn 
town  marsh  ;  one  half  of  his  mansion-house  on  the  Main  Street  in  Salem  ; 
about  seven  acres  of  land  in  the  Northfield,  Salem ;  half  of  four  acres  of 
land  in  Danvers ;  also  one  half  of  his  new  warehouse  and  one-quarter  part 
of  his  wharf  lands,  and  two  and  a  half  common  rights  in  the  common 
lands  of  Salem.  His  estate  was  administered  upon  by  John  Pickering,  Jr., 
Nov.  8,  1774.     The  inventory  of  Jan.   2,  1775,  amounted  to  £1,785  14s. 

8-9.  V.  6.  Mary  Orne  [Lois  1-11.  IV.  1],  born  in  Salem,  died  in 

She  received  by  her  father's  will  one-quarter  part  of  twenty-six  acres 
of  land  in  Danvers ;  also  £400  lawful  money.  The  circumstances  of  her 
death,  as  recorded  by  Dr.  Bentley,  are  as  follows  :  — 

"  Dec.  14,  17S7,  Mary,  \v.  of  Rev'd  Jamos  Diman  aet  65  Swoon,  died  very  sud- 
denly.    She  has  left  5  children,  '1  sons."  ^ 

8-9.  V.  6.  Ja)ncs  Diman,  her  husband,  born  on  Long  Island,  died 
in  Salem.     A  minister.     Residence  :  Salem. 

*  See  Pedigree  of  Burrill  of  Lynn,  facin,:^  p.  46. 

'  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  S.'O,  p.  517,  Vol.  351,  p.  79;  files.  No.  20.090. 
'  ^fary  Orne's  marriage  is  given  by  Francis  H.  Lee  [L  IX.  9]  as  both  Dec.  16  and 
Dec.  18,  1743,  and  the  former  date  is  given  by  an  old  Orne  reconl. 

*  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XIV.  p.  1.14.  Benjamin  F.  Browne,  in 
Ibid.  Vol.  V.  p.  197,  gives  the  date  of  her  death  as  Xov.  14,  1787. 

[.s^.    V.    6.] 



I  '  hi .  11!  , ' 

«  a;:  i 



The  Rev.  James  Diuiaii,  II.  C.  17.30,  was  the  Hbrarian  of  Harvard 
College  for  two  years,  from  1735  to  1737.  He  was  settled  over  the  East 
Church  in  Salem,  and  was  ordained  its  pastor  May  11,  1737.  His  col- 
league, the  Rev.  William  Bentley,  was  ordained  Sept.  24,  1783.  They 
did  not  accord  in  their  theological  opinions,  and  the  family  of  Mr.  Diman 
would  not  hear  Mr.  Bentley  preach.  It  is  much  to  be  regretted  that  the 
records  of  baptism  of  the  East  Church  during  Mr.  Diman's  ministry  are 
lost.  He  lived  in  the  house  still  standing  on  the  west  side  of  Hardy  Street, 
Salem.^     A  heliotype  of  it  is  here  given. 

His  granddaughter,  the  late  Miss  Priscilla  Diman,  of  South  Newmarket, 
N.  H.,  wrote  that  she  had  in  her  possession  the  family  papers,  consisting 
of  deeds,  wills,  and  old  sermons  of  her  grandfather. 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  his  will,  which  was  dated  Feb.  7,  1788, 
and  was  proved  Jan.  10,  1789  :  — 

I  James  Diman,  of  Salem,  weak  in  body,  but  sound  in  mind.  My  just  debts  to  be 
paid  out  of  my  estate. 

To  my  eldest  son  James  Diman,  of  Stratham,  three  lots  of  land  in  Bridgetown, 
county  of  Cumberland,  with  the  after  division  of  land  there,  and  all  my  estate  in  that 
town  which  I  purchased  of  Richard  Peabody.  To  him  my  mowing  field  in  the  Xorth- 
field,  Salem,  containing  nine  acres,  and  my  pasture  in  the  Northfield,  of  about  nine  or 
ten  acres. 

To  my  daughters  Mary  Diman  and  Lois  Diman,  my  orchard  land  adjoining  to  my 
garden,  with  the  store  and  shop  thereon.  To  my  daughter  Eunice  Haraden,  and  my 
son-in-law  Captain  Jonathan  Haraden,  five  and  a  half  acres  of  land  very  advanta- 
geously situated  for  making  fish  in  the  Northfield. 

To  my  son  Timothy,  about  two  acres  of  land  in  the  Northfield,  also  my  dwelling 
house  and  garden,  barn  and  buildings,  it  to  be  under  the  friendly  care  of  my  execu- 
tors, and  to  be  by  them  occupied  and  used  for  his  benefit  and  advantage,  for  so 
long  a  time  as  he  shall  continue  unwell  and  incapable  of  taking  due  care  thereof 

To  my  daughters  Mary  and  Lois  the  household  furniture  belonging  to  the  house, 
to  be  divided  between  them,  hoping  and  trusting  that  they  will  use  their  utmost  en- 
deavor to  render  the  life  of  their  brother  Timothy  comfortalile,  as  long  as  he  remains 
unwell,  and  they  are  able  to  take  care  of  him. 

All  the  remainder  of   my  estate  both  real  and  personal,   to  my  children   Mary 

*  See  the  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  V.  p.  197. 


Diman,  James  Diman,  Lois  Diman,  and  Timothy  Diman,  to  bo  equally  divided  among 

My  son  James  and  my  son-in-law  Jonathan  Haraden,  together  with  the  Rev. 
Thomas  Barnard,  to  be  my  executors.' 

The  inventory  of  Sept.  7,  1790,  amounted  to  £3,168  Is.  bd. 

James  Diman  was  a  son  of  Thomas  and  Hannah  (Finney)  Diman,  of  Bris- 
tol, R.  I.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  fiimilies :  Diman,  Bradley, 
Brewster,  Finney.      See  Axcestky  Tables  '^. 

10-11.  V.  8.  Jolin  Orne  [Lois  1-11.  FV^  1],  born  in  Salem,  died  in 
Lynnfield,  Mass.     A  farmer.     Residence  :     Lynnfield." 

By  his  father's  will,  of  which  he  was  one  of  the  executors,  he  received 
a  farm  in  the  northern  part  of  Lynn,  containing  one  hundred  and  seventy 
acres ;  also  all  the  remaining  half  of  his  mansion-house,  devised  to  his  son 
Samuel ;  two  acres  of  land  in  the  Northfield  ;  about  five  acres  of  land  in 
the  Northfield ;  also  the  remaining  half  of  his  new  w'arehouse,  and  the 
remaining  quarter  part  of  his  wharf  land.s,  in  Salem ;  two  and  a  half 
common  rights  in  the  common  lands  of  Salem  ;  also  his  negro  boy  Peter. 

The  Lynn  farm,  on  wliich  he  settled,  is  still  owned  by  his  descendants. 
It  is  known  as  the  Orne  Place,  and  is  one  of  the  finest  estates  in  Lynnfield. 

His  will  was  made  Xov.  5,  178-4,  and  proved  July  14,  1785.  It  gives 
all  his  estate  to  his  wife  Bridget.  The  inventory  of  Dec.  8,  1785,  amounted 
to  £3,943  15s.^ 

His  gravestone  in  the  Lynnfield  Cemetery  is  thus  inscribed  :  — 

Sacred  to  the  memory  of 

M?    JOHN   ORNE 

whose  remains  are  here  ileposited 

who  departed  this  Life  '      " 

Feb.  the  !!'>  ITSo 

Aged  53  Years 

Insidious  grave  how  doth  thou  rend  in  sunder 

Whom  love  Ivoit  &  sympathy  made  one 

*  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  3G0,  pp.  •J2-"23,  Vol.  361,  pp.  71-74,  and  files, 
No.  7,705. 

'  Another  authority  gives  the  date  of  birth  of  John  Orne  as  1734,  and  the  date  of  his 
death  as  Feb.  11,  1784;  but  the  dates  as  given  on  the  Sheets  are  undoubtedly  correct. 

*  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  357,  p.  524,  Vol.  358,  pp.  154-158 ;  files,  Xo. 


10-11.  V.  8.  BriiUjct  Fat'ker,  the  wife  of  John  Orne,  born  in  Read- 
ing, Mass.,  died  in  Lynnfield,  ilass. 

Her  gravestone  is  standing  in  the  Lynntield  graveyard.  It  bears  the 
following  inscription :  — 


to  the  memory  of 


widow  of 

the  late  Mr.  Jolin  Orne 

who  died  Oct.  27,  ISl^G 

Mt  83 

When  Christ  who  is  our  life  stiall  appear 

Then  shall  ye  also  appear  with  him  in  glory 

Mrs.  Ome  was  a  daughter  of  Jolm  and  Sarah  (Lilley)  Parker,  of  Read- 
ing. Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  iamilies  .  Parker,  Kendall,  Lilley. 
See  i^CESTRT  Tables  ^. 

12-16.  V.  9.  Sarah  Hardy  [Sarah  12-47.  IV.  2],  bora  in  Salem, 
died  in  Saleni.^ 

Her  uncle,  Theophilus  Pickering,  in  his  will  leaves  to  his  "  kinswoman 
widow  Sarah  Mansfield,  £400  old  tenor." 

12-lG.  V.  9.  Benjamin  Mansftelil,  her  husband,  probably  born  in 
Salem.     Residence :     Salem. 

Nothing  further  has  been  learned  about  him.  Although  the  births  of 
most  of  his  brothers  and  sisters  are  on  record,  we  do  not  find  his  own; 
neither  do  we  know  the  date  of  his  death,  nor  even  his  occupation.  His 
married  life  was  short.  So  far  as  we  know,  he  had  only  three  children, 
the  last  born  probably  about  1738.  His  death  must  have  occurred  between 
this  date  and  Dec.  29,  1742,  the  date  of  his  father's  will,  which  was  proved 
July  12,  1744.  In  it  he  gives  to  "  Benjamin,  Sarah  &  Seeth  Mansfield,  the 
Children  of  my  Son  Benj"  Mansfield  dec*!  each  of  them  five  shillings."  ^ 

'  The  Salem  Eecords,  and  several  other  authorities,  give  her  birth  as  Feb  25,  1708-9, 
while  Francis  H.  Lee  [1.  IX.  9]  gives  it  as  Feb.  5,  170S-9.  Tlie  Salem  Eecords,  and 
other  authorities,  give  her  marriage  as  Feb.  21,  173.3-;34,  while  the  Xichols  Record  gives  it 
as  Feb.  12,  1733. 

"  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  326,  pp.  196-198 ;  files,  No.  17,641. 


Benjamin  Manstield  was  a  son  of  Paul  and  Sarah  (Carter)  Mansfield,  of 
Salem.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Mansfield,  Carter. 
See  A^fCESTRY  Tables    |. 

17-19.  V.  10.  Martha  Hardy  [Sarah  12-47.  IV.  2],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem. 

Her  grandson,  Jonathan  Goodhue  of  New  York,  recorded  the  following 
account  of  her  in  his  journal :  — 

"  Mrs.  Martha  Goodhue  died  at  Salem  of  consumption  Saturday  Sept.  9,  1769  at 
five  o'clock  in  the  morninp;,  and  was  buried  in  the  south-eastern  quarter  of  the  Burial 
Yard  called  Pickering  Hill,  where  a  marble  head-stone  marks  her  grave.  She  had 
several  sisters  who  married  at  Salem  ic  had  families  viz.  Mrs.  Henfield,  Mansfield, 
Phippen,  Peirce  and  Ropes,  all  women  of  intelligence,  character  and  respectable  in 
their  families."  i 

17-19.  V.  10.  Benjamin  Goodhue,  \ver  husband,  born  in  Ipswich, 
Mass.,  died  in  Salem.-     A  blacksmith.     Residence  :    Salem. 

Benjamin  Goodhue  subscribed  to  the  covenant  of  the  South  Church, 
Salem,  Feb.  14,  1775,  was  received  into  full  conini union  March  7,  1775, 
and  was  chosen  ruling  elder  Jan.  22,  1776. 

The  following  account  of  Mr.  Goodhue  is  taken  from  the  journal  of  his 
grandson  Jonathan  Goodhue,  of  New  York :  — 

"  He  was  born  at  his  father's  house  on  the  ancient  Farm  at  Ipswich,  July  11, 
1707.  He  was  the  youngest  child  of  his  parents,  and  his  father  died  when  he  had 
just  completed  his  fifteenth  year,  soon  after  which  he  went  to  live  at  Salem  where  he 
settled  &  spent  the  remainder  of  his  life.  .  .  . 

"Benjamin  Goodhue  was  a  second  time  married  to  Mrs.  Ruth  Putnam,  daughter 
of  Capt.  John  and  Elizabeth  Gardner.  She  survived  her  husband  many  years,  k  died 
in  1808,  in  her  92d  year. 

"  Benjamin  Goodhue's  residence  at  Salem  was  in  the  western  part  of  the  town  on 
Boston  St.  In  1707,  he  purchased  from  the  proprietors  of  the  '  Common  Lands,'  a  lot 
a  little  farther  up  Boston  St. ,  on  which  he  built  a  house  where  ho  spent  the  remainder 
of  his  days.  It  is  still  in  good  repair,  (1828),  and  in  the  occupancy  of  the  widow 
(Martha)  and  son  (Benjamin)  of  his  son  Stephen. 

»  See  letter  of  C.  C.  Goodhue  [19.  ^T:II.  207]  to  C.  P.  Bowditch  [44.  IX.  859],  Jan.,  1885. 
"  Several  authorities  give  his  death  as  Jan.  20,  1783,  while  the  Nichols  Record  gives 
it  as  Jan.  13,  1783. 


"  He  was  one  of  the  original  Patentees  of  the  township  of  New  Salem  in  the 
Coinitv  of  Ham|isliire,  and  of  Lyndeborough  in  the  Province  of  New  Hampshire,  the 
C rants  having  been  made  by  Massachusetts,  bnt  the  latter  territory  having  been 
found  to  lie  within  the  jurisdiction  of  New  Hampsliire,  the  Patentees  were  compelled 
to  make  terms  with  the  latter/government. 

"  lu  his  time  it  was  customary  for  the  principal  people  of  the  town  to  gather  to 
discuss  the  news  ic  at  the  principal  tavern  in  the  town,  as  a  sort  of  Exchange,  and 
room  No.  7,  in  which  they  assembled  was  a  place  of  great  note.  The  house  stood  in 
the  main  street,  now  Essex  St.,  opposite  the  old  First  Church.  Here  he  was  a  fre- 
quent visitor.  He  served  in  the  Militia  of  the  Piovince,  &  1  have  in  my  possession  a 
Commission  signed  by  Gov.''  Shirley,  as  Lieut,  and  another  as  Capt.  in  Col.  Plaisted's 

"  In  the  controversy  with  the  mother  country  which  ended  with  the  Revolution,  he 
was  early  &  ardently  engaged  on  the  popular  side,  though  his  advanced  age  prevented 
him  from  participating  in  the  operations  connected  with  it ;  but  he  continued  to  the 
last  to  feel  a  deep  interest  in  the  progress  of  events,  &  had  the  gratification  to  see  the 
object  of  it  in  a  near  course  of  attainment,  before  his  departure.  He  was  through 
life  a  strict  attendant  upon  public  worship,  and  in  much  intercourse  with  the  clergy, 
and  his  chief  reading  was  on  religious  subjects.  He  was  a  most  affectionate  father 
and  husband,  and  much  beloved  by  his  family,  and  universally  respected  in  the  com- 
munity for  his  piety  and  integrity.  He  had  a  great  respect  for  learning,  and  accord- 
ingly provided  his  sons  with  the  best  education  the  country  afforded,  and  they  were 
all  entered  at  Cambridge,  though  the  eldest,  Stephen,  did  not  stay  to  complete  his 
course.  He  died  of  a  gradual  decline  in  the  seventy -sixth  year  of  his  age,  Jan.  20, 
1783.  His  remains  rest  in  the  tomb  erected  by  his  son  Benjamin  on  Pickering  Hill. 
In  person,  he  was  of  middle  height,  quite  robust,  and  enjoyed  a  very  good  constitu- 
tion.    He  left  nine  children,  four  of  whom  died  unmarried."  * 

The  Salem  Gazette  of  Jan.  23,  1783,  has  the  following:  — 

"  DIED  Last  Monday  night  aged  75  years  Captain  Benjamin  Goodhue,  a  worthy 
and  respectable  inhabitant  of  this  town.  His  remains  are  to  be  interred  this  after- 

Of  the  death  of  Captain  Goodhue's  second  wife,  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
Tuesday,  March  22,  1808,  says  :  — 

"  In  this  town  Mrs  Ruth  Goodhue  widow  of  the  late  Mr.  Benjamin  Goodhue,  aged 
91  —  a  truly  worthy  and  christian  character.  Funeral  this  afternoon  at  3  o'clock 
which  her  relatives  and  friends  are  desired  to  attend." 

'  See  letter  of  C.  C.  Goodhue  [19.  VIII.  207]  to  C.  P.  Bowditch  [44.  IX.  859],  Jan.,  1885. 


She  was  the  widow  of  Bartholomew  Putman,  by  whom  she  had  a  family, 
among  the  descendants  of  which  was  William  Ward  (17.  VII.  105),  her 
grandson.  The  Ward  family  papers  say:  "  Old  and  young  were  fond  and 
pleased  with  grandmother  Goodhue,  and  she  was  a  christian." 

Captain  Goodhue's  will  was  made  Sept.  10,  1778,  and  it  was  proved 
July  9,  1783.     An  abstract  of  it  is  here  given  :  — 

I  Benjamin  Goodhue  of  Salem,  give  to  my  wife  Ruth  the  improvement  of  my  man- 
sion house  and  homestead  with  the  buildings  thereon,  and  the  improvement  of  three 
common  rights  in  the  horse  pasture,  during  her  natural  life  ;  also  all  the  goods  and 
household  furniture  she  brought  me,  to  dispose  of  as  she  pleases. 

To  my  son  Stephen  my  piece  of  land  on  Trask's  plain,  containing  about  one  quarter 
of  an  acre  ;  also  my  blacksmith's  shop  with  the  wharf  adjoining  said  shop,  with  all  my 
smiths  tools;  also  my  mansion  house  and  homestead  with  the  buildings  thereon,  after 
the  decease  of  my  wife,  he  then  to  pay  to  my  grandson  Thorndike  Procter,  one  hun- 
dred silver  dollars  ;  to  my  grandson  Robert  Procter  one  hundred  silver  dollars,  and  to 
my  granddaughter  Martha  Procter,  one  hmidred  silver  dollars. 

I  give  to  my  son  Benjamin,  my  piece  of  land  on  the  south  side  of  Trask's  plain 
containing  about  one  acre,  called  the  orchard ;  also  about  one  quarter  of  an  acre  of 
land  on  the  north  side  of  Trask's  plain ;  also  three  common  rights  in  the  horse  pas- 
ture, after  the  decease  of  my  wife,  he  then  to  pay  to  my  grandson  Joseph  Holman, 
one  hundred  silver  dollars ;  to  my  grandson  John  Holman  one  hundred  silver  dollars, 
and  to  my  granddaughter  Dorothy  Goodhue  one  hundred  silver  dollars.  Residue 
of  my  estate  to  my  two  sons  Stephen,  and  Benjamin,  to  be  equally  divided  between 
them.     My  son  Benjamin  to  be  my  executor. 

The  inventory  of  Dec.  3,  1783,  amounted  to  £1,197  4.s.  Id.  It  included 
five  hundred  acres  of  land  in  New  Salem,  one  hundred  acres  of  land  in 
Lyndeborough,  and  one  hundred  and  ten  acres  of  land  in  Lunenburg; 
also  a  coat  of  arms  valued  at  1 2^^.^ 

Benjamin  Goodhue  was  a  son  of  William  and  Mary  (Lowden)  Goodhue, 
of  Ipswich.  Ilis  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Goodhue, 
Watson,  Whipple,  Lowden.     See  A^c-esthy  Tables  \. 

20-24.  V.  11.  Seeth  Hardy  [Sarah  12-47.  IV.  2],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem.^ 

1  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  356,  pp.  212-214,  3G9-370 ;  files,  Xo.  11,153. 
'  Several  authorities  give  her  birth  as  Feb.  17,  1712-13,  while  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland 
and  Francis  H.  Lee  give  it  as  Feb.  7,  1712-13. 


20-24.  V.  11.  Xathaniel  Phippen,  her  husband,  born  iu  Sulem, 
probably  died  in  Salem.     A  cooper.     Residence  :     Salem. 

It  is  known  that  Xathaniel  Phippen  died  before  Feb.  18,  1755;  for 
his  father  in  his  will  of  that  date,  and  which  was  proved  Oct.  18,  1756, 
makes  the  following  bequest :  — 

"  I  having  advanc'd  to  my  son  Nathanael  in  his  Hfetime  one  hundred  pounds  two 
sliiilings,  being  the  Balance  of  his  account  with  me  ;  I  hereby  Give  to  Joshua,  Hardy, 
Joseph  &  Seath,  the  Children  and  legal  Representatives  of  the  s*  Nathanael,  so  much 
uf  my  Estate  as  (the  s'  sum  being  accounted  as  part)  will  amount  to  One  full  seventh 
part  of  my  whole  Estate,  and  no  more,  to  be  equally  Divided  among  them  &  their 
Heirs."  1 

An  account  of  the  Phippen  family  by  his  great-grandson,  the  late  ^Ir. 
George  D.  Phippen,  of  Salem,  is  recorded  on  the  Salem  Records.  From 
this  account  the  following  extract  is  made  :  — 

"The  family  name  was  anciently  '  Pen'  which  afterwards  became  Fitz-pcn,  or  son 
of  Pen,  and  more  recently  taking  its  present  form  Phippen,  perhaps  not  long  before 
the  settlement  of  New  England." 

"David  Phippen,  a  native  of  England,  probably  of  Melcomb,  in  Dorsetshire,  came 
to  New  England  and  began  the  settlement  of  Hingham,  in  Mass.  colony,  with 
thirty  persons,  among  whom  was  their  minister  Rev.  Peter  Hobart,  which  persons 

drew  their  House  Lots  on  ISth  Sept.  1635.     He  married  Sarah and  had  eight 

sons  and  three  daughters.     He  died  in  Boston  about  1653."  ^ 

Nathaniel  Phippen  was  the  son  of  Xathaniel  and  Margaret  (Palfray) 
Phippen,  of  Salem.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Phippen, 
^yood,  Guppy,  Palfray,  ilaiming.  Galley.      See  Ancestry  Tadlks  |. 

25.  V.  12.  Joseph  Hardy  [Sarah  12-47.  IV.  2],  born  in  Haverhill, 
died  in  Salem. ^ 

A  memorandum  made  by  John  Pickering  states  that,  "Josepli  Hardy 
whose  place  in  the  order  of  births  is  not  known,  died  of  eating  hen-bane 

'  Essex  County  Probate  Eocords,  Vol.  334,  p.  104 ;  files,  No.  21,7G0. 

'  For  an  interesting  account  of  this  family,  with  its  armorial  bearings,  by  George  D. 
Phippen,  see  the  Heraldic  Journal,  Vol.  IV.  pp.  1-20. 

'  The  Salem  Records  and  authorities  give  his  date  of  birth  as  Sept.  14,  171G,  while  the 
Ropes  Family  Bible  gives  it  as  Sept.  4,  1716. 


at  the  age  of  eiglit  years.  His  playmates  said  he  had  eaten  berries,  which 
from  the  description,  were  of  the  hen-bane,  and  his  body  had  the  appear- 
ance of  being  poisoned  in  the  opinion  of  the  physicans."  Henry  W.  Pick- 
ering [49.  VIII.  5-47],  states  that  he  "  Died  of  poison  from  eating  apple-feni 

The  Salem  Records  show  that  he  was  born  Sept.  14,  1716,  and  died 
Sept.  3,  1718.  This  would  make  him  two  years  old  at  death,  while  the 
above  account  siiys  he  was  eight  years  old. 

25-27.  V.  14.  Mary  Hardy  [Sarah  12-47.  T\\  2],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Boston. 

The  following  announcement  of  her  death  appeared  in  the  Massachusetts 
Gazette  of  xVpril  3,  178G  :  — 

"  Died  very  suddenly  on  Thursday  morning  last  in  the  67  year  of  her  age,  Mrs. 
Mary  Peirce,  wife  of  Mr.  Isaac  Peirce  of  this  town." 

Mrs.  Peirce  was  buried  in  the  family  tomb  at  Copp's  Hill,  Boston ;  but 
on  the  purchase  of  the  tomb  in  the  King's  Chapel  Burial  Ground,  by  her 
son  Captain  Joseph  Peirce,  her  remains,  and  those  of  all  the  other  members 
of  the  family  who  had  been  buried  at  Copp's  Hill,  were  transferred  on 
Dec.  23,  1819,  to  the  new  tomb.  The  Peirce  family  records  give  the 
names  of  the  members  thus  transferred. 

25-27.  V.  14-  Isaac  Peirce,  her  husband,  born  in  Boston,  baptized 
there  Oct.  14,  1722,  died  in  Boston.     Residence :     Boston. 

Isaac  Peirce  is  called  in  different  documents  on  record  a  baker,  a 
merchant,  and  a  gentleman.  He  was  an  ardent  patriot  of  the  Revolution, 
and  during  the  siege  of  Boston  served  on  various  committees,  besides 
giving  three  of  his  sons  to  the  army.^  He  was  an  excellent  man,  and  was 
distinctly  remembered  by  his  great-granddaughter,  the  late  Mrs.  Laura  P. 
Holland,  of  Chelsea,  who  used  frequently  to  go  with  him  on  his  morning 

His  second  wife,  to  whom  he  was  man-ied  ]\Iarch  2,  1787,  was  Mrs. 
Joanna   Harris.     Mr.    Peirce    was    her   third   husband,    she   having   been 

>  See  the  Memorials  of  the  Massachusetts  Society  of  Cincinnati,  p.  414. 


[^,-27.     V.     14] 
From   a   Water-Color,   painted    about  the  year    iSoo,   now    in    the 


Esq,,  of  Baton  Rouge.  La. 


iiiai-ried,  finst,  to  William  Abrahams  of  Charlestown,  and,  second,  to  Captain 
.losiah  Harris  of  the  same  place.  It  is  probable  tliut  her  father  was  Captain 
Bartholomew  Trow,  of  Cluirlestowu/  She  is  named  among  those  buried 
in  the  Peirce  family  tomb. 

The  original  portrait  of  Isaac  Peirce,  here  reproduced,  is  a  small  water- 
color  painted  in  Boston  about  the  year  1800,  evidently  by  the  same  artist 
who  painted  the  other  members  of  his  family  which  appear  in  this  work. 
These  pictures  are  now  owned  by  the  heirs  of  his  great-great-grandson,  Mr. 
Grenville  Mellen  Peirce,  of  Baton  Rouge,  La. 

Mr.  Peirce  died  at  the  house  of  his  son  Joseph  Peirce,  in  Purchase 
Street,  Boston,  with  whom  he  had  lived  from  Dec.  21,  1802,  to  Dec.  20, 
1811.  He  was  buried  in  the  family  vault  in  the  King's  Chapel  Burial 
Ground,  Boston.  Administration  on  the  estate  of  Isaac  Peirce,  late  of 
Boston,  Gentleman,  was  granted  to  Joseph  Peirce,  of  Boston,  Esquire,  Dec. 
30,  1811.  Joseph  Peirce,  Esquire,  Nehemiah  Somes,  Gentleman,  and  John 
Dorr,  all  of  Boston,  gave  bond  in  SlOOO.^ 

Isaac  Peirce  was  the  son  of  Isaac  and  Grace  (Tucker)  Peirce  of  Boston. 
His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Peirce,  Cole,  Bacon,  Tucker. 

28-40.  V.  15.  Lydia  Hardy  [Sarah  12-47.  IV.  2],  bom  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem. 

The  folloAving  account  of  her  death  appeared  in  the  Salem   Gazette  of 
March  11,  1794: — 

"In  this  town  Mrs.  Ljdia  Heufield,  aged  71.  This  old  lady  bore  her  age  remark- 
ably well:  last  Tuesday  morning  she  rose  in  usual  good  health,  prepared  and  eat 
her  breakfast  and  soon  after,  while  playing  with  a  young  child,  she  was  perceived  to 
be  falling,  and  a  person  present  caught  her,  but  she  was  instantly  breathless  having 
sunk  gently  into  the  arms  of  death  without  one  struggle,  groan  or  sigh." 

Her  great-grandson,  the  late  Samuel  Henfield  Gooch,  wrote  :  — 

"  I  have  her  snuff  box,  with  some  of  the  snuff  left  in  it  a  hundred  years  ago." 

*  See  The  Genealogies  and  Estates  of  Charlestown,  by  Thomas  B.  TVyman,  pp.  3  and 

'  Suffolk  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  202,  p.  224 ;  files,  No.  23,886. 


28-40.  V.  lo.  EiJmnnd  llenpeld,  Ikt  husband,  born  in  Salem,  died 
in  Salem.     A  cooper.     Residence  :   Salem. 

Administration  on  the  estate  of  Edmund  Henfield  was  granted,  April 
9,  1794,  to  Joseph  Hentield,  who  gave  bond  with  John  and  .Jonathan  Hen- 
field  as  sureties.     The  inventory  of  July  11,  1794,  amounted  to  £300  bs} 

There  is  an  old  coat  of  arms  of  the  Henfield  family  in  the  possession 
of  his  great-great-granddaughter,  Clara  Henfield  Haraden. 

The  Salem  Observer  of  June  15,  1839,  gives  an  account  of  the  demo- 
lition of  the  old  Henfield  House,  caused  by  the  construction  of  the  Eastern 
Railroad,  and  says  :  — 

"  A  part  of  it  is  about  200  years  old,  and  was  a  complete  specimen  of  the  dwelling- 
house  architecture  of  olden  times,  huge  oak  beams,  sharp  roof  and  low  stud  the  lower 
rooms  being  only  5  ft.  8  inches  in  the  clear.  We  understand  some  curious  relics 
have  been  found  in  the  walls,  among  others  an  old  sword,  its  history  can  be  traced 
back  to  the  old  French  war." 

Felt,  in  his  Annals  of  Salem,  having  given  a  picture  of  the  old  Curwen 
house,  and  a  description  of  it  and  several  other  ancient  houses,  says :  — 

"Another  of  similarly  constructed  mansions  which  invite  our  passing  notice,  is 
the  Ilenfield  house.  This  was  situated  on  the  East  side  of  Washington  street,  near 
to  and  soutliward  of  the  first  cliurch.  It  was  formerly  the  residence  of  Hilliard 
Veren,  and  is  supposed  to  have  been  built  in  1650.  A  part  of  its  first  proportions, 
and  much  of  its  oak  frame,  remained  till  its  subversion  in  1839,  to  accommodate  the 
Railroad."  ^ 

Edmund  Henfield  was  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Lydia  (Baston)  Henfield. 
His  father  was  a  cooper  of  Salem.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following 
families :  Henfield,  Grafton  (?)  Gardner,  Frier,  "White,  Herbert,  Baston. 
See  Ancestry  Tables  j^. 

41-47.  V.  16.  Ruth  Hardy  [Sarah  12-47.  IV.  2],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem. 

The  following  announcement  of  her  death  is  taken  from  the  Salem 
Gazette  of  Tuesday,  Dec.  8,  1795:  — 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  363,  p.  173,  292;  files,  Xo.  13,073. 
*  Annals  of  Salem,  by  Joseph  B.  Felt,  Vol.  1,  pp.  110-111. 


"PIED].  —  In  this  town  on  Sunday  last  in  the  70th.  yenr  of  her  age,  Mrs.  Ruth 
Ropes,  relict  of  Benjamin  Ro[ies,  sen.  Her  funeral  will  be  this  afternoon,  if  the 
weather  be  fair  —  when  her  friends  and  relations  are  desired  to  attend." 

41_47.  V.  16.  Bevjaniin  Ropes,  lier  husband,  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tizecl  there  ]\[arch  25,  1722,  died  in  Salem.    A  cooper.     Residence:  Salem.^ 

Benjamin  Ropes  was  a  prominent  man  in  church  affairs.  On  July  6, 
174G,  he  was  received  into  full  communion  by  the  Third  or  Tabernacle  Church, 
which,  up  to  1762,  claimed  to  be  the  First  Church.  The  third  of  August 
of  that  year  he  was  on  a  committee  with  Jacob  Ashton,  to  make  an  end 
of  the  difficulties  between  it  and  the  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard's  church,  which 
also  claimed  to  be  the  First  Church.  The  matter  Avas  ended  by  Mr. 
Barnard's  church  retaining  the  name  of  First  Church,  while  they  called 
themselves  the  Third  Church.  The  plate,  money,  and  land  were  divided 
between  the  two  societies." 

Mr.  Ropes  was  chosen  an  elder  of  his  church  Sept.  11,  1769,  but  Aug. 
21,  1771,  he  declined  to  serve  longer  in  that  othce.  He  was  chosen 
treasurer  of  the  society  Nov.  26,  1770. 

During  the  ministry  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Whittaker  there  was  a  division  in 
the  Third  Church,  owing  to  the  pastor's  pronounced  Presbyterian  views. 
He  succeeded  in  changing  the  form  of  government  of  the  church  from  the 
Congregational  to  the  Presbyterian.  Among  the  dissatisfied  members 
were  Benjamin  Ropes  and  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering.  They,  with  others, 
separated  from  the  society  and  formed  the  one  now  known  as  the  South 
Church.  This  claimed  to  be  rightfully  the  Third  Church,  and  so  claims 
to  be  to  this  day.  Several  pamphlets  have  been  printed  in  favor  of 
both  societies. 

Of  this  new  society  Benjamin  Ropes  became  a  leading  member.  The 
records  show  that  he  was  one  of  the  original   subscribers  to   the  covenant 

*  The  Salem  Eecords,  and  other  authorities,  give  his  birth  as  Mar.  22,  1721-2,  while 
the  Nichols  Family  Record  gives  it  as  ]Mar.  2  (0.  S.),  1722.  The  Essex  Institute  Histori- 
cal Collections,  Vol.  XYIII.  p.  17o,  gives  the  date  of  his  marriage  as  Dec.  4,  1751,  and  of 
his  death  as  Apr.  20,  17S0,  both  of  which  are  wrong.  The  Essex  Institute  Historical 
Collections,  Vol.  VII.  p.  152,  and  other  authorities,  gives  these  dates  as  Mar.  27,  1746,  and 
Apr.  20,  1790,  respectively. 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VII.  pp.  152-153. 


of  Feb.  14,  1775.  Many  of  the  records  arc  in  his  legible  hand,  as  were 
those  of  the  Tabernacle  Church,  he  having  been  the  scribe  of  both  societies. 
From  the  South  Church  records  the  following  entries  are  quoted:  — 

"April  10,1775  Benjamin  Ropes  who  was  chosen  some  years  since  to  succeed 
Mr.  Jacob  Ashton,  dec'd  as  chh.  Treasurer  is  the  legal  and  proper  Treasurer  of  tliis 
Chh.  by  virtue  of  the  choice  made  some  years  since." 

"  Jan.  22,  177G  Benjamin  Ropes  chosen  scribe."  "  Whereas  our  bro.  Benj.  Ropes 
at  tlie  time  when  Rev.  John  Huntington  was  Pastor  of  this  chh.  was  chosen  Deacon 
Voted  we  now  renew  our  choice  of  him  to  that  office  in  this  ch." 

"  Sept.  18,  1778  Voted  That  bro.  Benjamin  Ropes  be  an  Elder  to  assist  Elder 
Goodhue  in  tlial  ofiice" 

"  Aug.  4,  1782  Voted  that  according  to  the  growing  infirmities  of  Dea.  Benj. 
Ropes,  that  choice  be  made  of  another  Deacon." 

Mr.  Ropes  was  Superintendent  of  the  Poor  of  Salem,  from  May,  1775, 
to  Oct.,  1779.  During  the  latter  part  of  his  life,  he  was  afflicted  with  the 

The  old  Ropes  Bible,  before  mentioned,  which  is  now  in  the  possession 
of  Mrs.  Charles  T.  Ripley  [12.  X.  183],  has  the  following  memorandum 
concei'ning  his  house  :  — 

"  My  grandfather  Ropes  house  now  stands  at  the  eastern  corner  of  Munroe  and 
Essex  street,  but  't  is  much  enlarged  and  renewed.  He  did  own  all  the  land  through 
Munroe  street  to  Federal  street." 

This  house  has  been  remodelled,  and  is  now  owned  by  Mr.  Ropes's 
granddaughter,  Mr.-;.  John  Bertram. 

Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  April  12,  1792,  to  his  son 
Samuel,  who  gave  bond,  with  Jerathmeel  Peirce  and  John  Leach  as  sureties. 
The  inventory  of  Feb.  14,  1796,  amounted  to  $1901.46,  including  a  house 
and  land.^ 

The  Ropes  family,  of  which  Benjamin  Ropes  was  a  member,  began  with 
George    Ropes,^  a   carpenter,   who   with  his  wife    Mary  joined  the  First 

•  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  3G2,  p.  49,  Vol.  364,  pp.  354,  529;  files,  Xo. 

'  See  Materials  for  a  History  of  the  Ropes  Family,  by  E.  S.  W.,  in  the  Essex  Insti- 
tute Historical  Collections,  Vol.  \T:I.  pp.  25,  et  seq. 


!  iiliiiiillil 


ftaaMt»i^3li52&:^^  V- ; 

US.    V.    27.) 


ChurcU  of  Salem,  March  15,  1042.  I'luir  dtsceiuLip.l.s  for  move  than  two 
liundred  and  fifty  years  of  Salem's  history  have  been  useful,  respectable 
citizens,  engaged  in  various  vocations,  and  filling  positions  of  trust  and 
honor.  It  is  one  of  Salem's  best  known  names.  John  Ropes,  their  fifth 
child,  roamed  Lydia,  danghter  of  Dr.  Tliomas  Wells.  Their  descendant, 
the  late  Benjamin  Ropes  Xichols  [44.  Yll.  218],  had  two  silver  spoons 
marked  I.  R.  &  L.  R.,  which  are  supposed  to  have  been  theirs.  Samuel  Ropes, 
their  son,  was  a  member  of  the  First  Church,  and  one  of  those  who  caused 
the  dismissal  of  its  pastor,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Fiske.  He  was  an  uncle  of  Judge 
Nathaniel  Ropes  (H.  C.  174")),  and  fatli^T  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch. 

Benjamin  Ropes  was  a  son  of  S'uaucl  and  Lydia  (Neal)  Ropes  of 
Salem.  Joseph  Xeal  [60-70.  IV.  10^]  wa?  his  uncle.  His  ancestry  includes 
the  following  families :  Ropes,  Wells,  Wai-ner,  Neal,  Lawes,  Croade, 
Hersey.      See  Axcesirt  Tables    j-j. 

48.  V.  17.  Sarah  Pickering  [Timothy  48-59.  IV.  9],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there,  Feb.  1,  1729-30,  died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Clarke  lived  in  the  house  still  standing  in  Essex  Street,  Salem,  half 
way  between  Beckford  and  Munroe  streets,  now  numbered  three  hundred 
and  fifty-eight.  A  heliotype  of  it  is  here  given.  She  lived  to  be  nearly 
ninety-seven  years  old,  and  though  for  several  years  before  her  death  her 
step  was  infirm,  her  general  health  was  good.  Mrs.  Clarke  told  her  great- 
grandson,  John  Clarke  Lee,  who  lived  with  her  when  a  child,  that  she  had 
seen  some  of  the  people  who  were  tried  fori\'itchcraft  in  1692.^  She  was 
a  woman  of  large  features  and  a  strong  face.^ 

Mrs.  Clarke  wrought  in  crewel  the  I'ickering  coat  of  arms,  with  her 
name  and  the  date  1753  under  it.  It  still  hangs  in  the  entry  of  the  old 
Pickering  House  in  Salem,  A  heliotype  of  it  is  given  facing  page  11. 
Other  pieces  of  her  needlework  are  in  the  possession  of  her  descendants. 

Mrs.  Clarke  made  her  will  July  "0,  1822.  It  was  proved  May  15, 
1827.     An  abstract  of  it  is  here  given. 

To  my  grandson  Charles  Chauncj  Clarke  81000. 

To  my  grandson  Frederick  Cabot,  of  Loston,  merchjuit,  and  my  aforesaid 
grandson  Charles  Chauncy  Clarke,  in  trust   the  sum  of  SIOOO  to  invest  and  pay 

Francis  H.  Lee's  Reconl,  p.  190.  "  Mrs.  Thomas  Donaldson. 


over  the  income  to  Uarriet  Muck  wife  of  Elisha  Mack,  Esq.,  and  at  her  decease 
to  her  heirs. 

To  rav  daughter  Esther  Clarke,  widow  of  my  late  son  the  Rev.  John  Clarke,  my 
dwelling  house  in  Essex  street,  Salem. 

To  my  grandson  Frederick  Cabot,  my  lot  of  land  in  Warren  street,  Salem. 

To  my  great-grandson  John  Clarke  Lee  8500. 

To  my  great-granddaughter  Eliza  Cabot  Blanchard  §20. 

To  my  great-grandson  John  Clarke  Fillis  8500. 

To  my  grandson  Frederick  Cabot,  all  the  residue  of  my  estate,  in  trust,  to  pay 
over  the  interest  of  one  half  of  said  residue  to  my  other  grandson  John  Higginson 
Cabot  of  Salem,  merchant,  and  the  interest  of  the  other  half  for  his  own  use,  and  at 
death  of  the  said  Jolui  Higginson  Cabot,  his  interest  to  the  said  Frederick  Cabot 
whom  I  appoint  my  executor.     Inventory  816,912.04.^ 

48.  V.  17.  John  Clarke,  the  husband  of  Sarah  Pickering,  born  in  New 
Hampshire,  died  in  Salem.^     A  shipmaster.     Residence  :  Salem. 

Captain  Clarke  came  to  Salem  from  Portsmouth,  X.  H.  He  was  master 
of  a  ship  trading  with  London.^  His  gravestone  is  still  standing  in  the 
Broad  Street  Ground. 

By  his  will,  dated  March  G,  1799,  and  proved  xVpril  1,  1801,  in  which 
he  called  himself  manner  of  Salem,  he  left  his  property  to  his  daughter 
Elizabeth  in  trust,  for  the  benefit  of  his  widow,  of  the  children  of  his 
deceased  daughter  Nancy,  wife  of  Francis  Cabot,  and  of  Elizabeth  herself.* 

He  was  the  son  of  Josiah  and  Mary  (Wingate)  Clarke.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families:  Clarke,  Wingate,  Nutter.  See  A^-cestrt 
Tables  ^-^. 

49-50.  V.  18.  Mary  Pickering  [Timothy  48-59.  IV.  9],  bom  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  April  1,  1733,  died  in  Haverhill,  Mass. 

She  was  admitted  into  the  Tabernacle  Church,  April  5,  1752.  Her 
portrait,    painted    with    her    daughter    standing    by    her    side,   by   Joseph 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Reeoi-ds,  Vol.  35,  p.  190,  Vol.  406,  pp.  232-233 ;  files,  Xo.  5.519. 

'  Several  authorities  give  the  date  of  his  death  as  Jan.  7,  ISOO ;  but  his  gravestone  is 
inscribed  with  the  date  Jan  7,  ISOl,  .Et.  82,  and  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Jan.  9,  1801,  says  : 
"  In  this  town  Capt.  John  Clarke  aged  S2,  father  of  the  late  Eev.  Dr.  John  Clarke  of 

*  Gardner  Family  Records. 

<  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  308,  p.  251 ;  files,  5,402. 


[49-50.     V.     iS.] 

From  thf.  Portrait  ey  Joseph  Badger,  painted  abol't  175S,  xow  in  the 
po5^E55ioN  OF  John  Pickering,  Esq.,  of  S\i.em,  Mass. 







iMi'ii. II    lirtai 

[49-50-    v^    is\] 

From  the  Portrait  by  Joseph  Badger,  painted  about  175S,  now 

THE   POSSESSION    OF   JoHN    PICKERING.    EsQ  ,   OF    SaLKM.    MaSS. 


liail'^cT,  is  here  reproduced.      It  is  still  hanging  in  the  dining-room  of  the 
i)ld  Piekering  House  in  Salem. 

The  following  notice  of  her  death  is  from  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Friday, 
Keb.  1,  1805  :  — 

"  At  Haverhill  on  the  SO""  Jan.,  Madam  Mary  Sargeant  aged  72.  The  funeral 
will  be  next  Monday  ;  relatives  and  friends  are  requested  to  attend  without  a  more 

^.articular  invitation." 

The  Haverhill  Museum  of  Tuesday,  Feb.  5,  1805,  prints  an  obituary  of 
her,  in  which  she  is  called  Madam  ^Mary  Sargeant.  She  is  also  spoken  of 
in  this  obituary  as  a  dignified  and  lovely  woman,  combining  elegant 
iicooniplishments  with  all  the  useful  virtues  of  domestic  life,  and  as  a 
person  of  superior  mind,  sweetness  of  disposition  and  unaffected  piety. 
It  also  adds  that  so  much  real  dignity  always  appeared  in  her  deportment, 
and  at  the  same  time  such  engaging  condescension,  that  the  high  and  the 
humble  were  equally  proud  of  her  attention,  and  impressed  with  her 
goodness.  Through  life  she  preserved  a  uniform  evenness  of  temper,  kind- 
ness, and  charity. 

Colonel  Pickering,  in  writing  to  his  wife  from  Washington,  Feb.  12, 
1805,  says  of  his  sister  Sargeant's  death  :  "  And  thus  is  made  the  first 
breach  in  a  numerous  family  of  brothers  and  sisters  all  advanced  to  what 
is  called  old  age." 

49-50.  V.  18.  Dudley  Leavitt,  the  first  husband  of  ^lary  Pickering, 
born  probably  in  Stratham,  N.  H.,  died  in  Salem.  A  minister.  Residence: 

Dudley  Leavitt,  H.  C.,  1739,  studied  divinity,  and  "was  employed  to 
preach  in  Stratham  in  1743,  and  in  March,  1745,  the  town  'Voted  Mr. 
Dudley  Leavitt,  a  minister  to  preach  the  gospel  in  Stratham.'  "^  The  follow- 
ing extracts  from  the  Journal  of  Deacon  Samuel  Lane  of  Stratham,  N.  H.,^ 
throw  some  light  on  the  difficulties  Mr.  Leavitt  encountered  in  preaching 
to  the  people  in  Stratham  :  — 

'  Letter  of  J.  C.  A.  Wingate  [57.  YII.  331]. 

"  This  Journal  is  now  in  the  possession  of  ^Mr.  Henry  S.  Lane,  of  Stratham,  N.  H., 
a  great-grandson  of  Deacon  Samuel  Lane. 


"  Sept.  30,  17-14.  Being  Lord's  Day,  there  was  an  unaccountable  uproar  in  thr 
Meeting  house,  by  attempting  to  bring  Mr.  Dudley  Leavit  into  the  Pulpit  to  preach 
half  the  day  with  Mr.  Rust,  which  being  complained  of  to  the  Governor,  he  sent  the 
High  Sheriff,  Mr.  Packer,  the  next  Sabath,  and  took  Mr.  Leavit  out  of  the  Pulpit, 
which  occasioned  Law  business  in  town,  and  was  a  damage  to  me,  I  being  Tithing 
man  that  year,  and  obliged  to  complain  of  such  disorders  as  was  then  in  town.    S.  L." 


"  Many  of  our  people  have  been  for  some  time  separated  from  the  church  and  refuse 
to  join  in  the  word  and  ordinances  ;  and  Mr.  Dudley  Leavit  now  preaches  to  them 
in  Mr.  Coker's  house,  which  they  have  fitted  up  with  seats  itc.,  for  that  use;  also, 
there  is  a  separate  Meeting  house  now  being  erected  at  Exeter.  These  separate 
people  are  called  by  many  New  Lights  and  Schemers." 

Mr.  Leavitt's  labors  in  Stratliam  wei'e  of  short  duration.  He  visited 
Salem  and  preached  for  the  Tabernacle  Church,  or,  as  they  on  their  records 
called  themselves,  the  "  First  Church  of  Christ."  At  a  meeting  held  bj 
this  parish  March  5,  1744:-5,  they  voted  that:  — 

"  M'  Dudley  Leavit  Having  Preached  to  this  Chh  &  Congregation  Some  Sabbaths 
&  whereas  he  is  now  about  to  Return  Home  from  Salem  the  Beginning  of  the  Xext 
week  upon  some  necessary  occasion.  Wherefore  voted  that  it  is  the  Earnest  and 
unanimous  Desire  of  this  Chh  that  He  Return  to  Salem  again  as  Soon  as  He  Can  &. 
preach  to  us  k  our  Congregation  Upon  Probation  a  Suitable  Length  of  time." 

At  another  meeting  held  x\pril  30,  1745,  it  is  recorded  that :  — 

"Whereas  this  Chh  Did  after  Hearing  M''  Dudley  Leavit  some  time  Invite  Him  to 
preach  upon  Probation  <fc  now  Having  Had  farther  Experience  of  Him  to  our  Great 
Satisfaction  &  the  Satisfaction  of  our  Congregation — Wherefore  Voted  that  This 
Church  Doth  Now  Make  Choice  of  Him  for  our  Pastor  for  our  Selves  &  Congregation 
&  to  take  Charge  of  the  flock  in  the  Room  &  Steed  of  our  Rev*  Pastor  Mr  Samuell 
Fisk  who  is  about  to  take  a  Discharge  from  His  Ecclesiastical  Relations  to  this 

The  30th  of  the  following  July,  Deacon  Timothy  Pickering  [48-59.  R^ 
9]  and  Jeffrey  Lang  were  appointed  to  wait  on  Mr.  Fiske  and  inform  him 
that  the  churcli  had  given  him  a  discharge.  Aug.  12,  1745,  the  church 
renewed  their  call  of  ^Iv.  Leavitt,  and  voted  to  give  him  £300  old  tenor 
for  the  first  three  years,  and  Edward  Kitchen,  Esq.,  Deacon  Ruck,  and 
Deacon  Pickering  were  chosen  a  committee  to  present  ^Ir.  Leavitt  with  a 
copy  of  the  votes  of  the  meeting. 


The  call  of  Mr.  Leavitt  was   an  unanimous  one,  for  the   records  of  the 

church  state  :  — 

"  Tliat  there  Never  was  so  much  as  one  Vote  Neither  in  y"  -GHr  Nor  Congrega- 
tion Since  M'  Leavit  Came  to  Salem,  against  His  Settling  Here." 

Mr.  Leavitt  accepted  the  call  by  a  letter  dated  Sept.  10,  1745.  The 
records  of  the  Tabernacle  Church  state  that  he  was  ordained  ilth  Oct., 

Extracts  from  an  interleaved  almanac  of  James  Jeffrey,  Esq.,  printed 
in  the  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,'  under  the  year  1745,  says:  — 

"  Oct.  26'^  —  Mr.  Leavitt  ordained  in  Mr.  Kitchen's  orchard,  under  an  apple 

He  remained  pastor  of  this  church  till  his  death  in  1762. 

His  residence  in  Stratham  was  what  is  now  the  Wingate  fama,  on 
which  at  that  time  there  were  two  houses.  On  Dec.  4,  1773,  his  heirs 
sold  the  farm  to  the  Hon.  Paine  Wingate  [56-57.  V.  23'].  For  a  further 
description  of  this  estate,  and  a  heliotype  of  the  house,  see  page  129. 

Mr.  Leavitt's  portrait,  of  which  we  give  a  heliotype,  was  painted  by 
Joseph  Badger.  It  hangs  in  the  dining-room  of  the  old  Pickering  House 
in  Salem. 

The  following  obituary  of  Mr.  Leavitt  appeared  in  the  Boston  Gazette 
of  Feb.  22,  1762:  — 

"  On  the  T""-  of  February  Instant,  died  at  Salem  very  much  lamented  of  a  linger- 
ing Illness  the  Rev.  Mr.  Dudley  Leavitt,  Pastor  of  the  First  Church  in  that  Town, 
and  was  interred  very  decently  the  lO'"-  following  in  tlie  Vault  of  the  Family  of 
Edward  Kitchen,  Esq.,  and  at  his  desire,  a  vast  Number  of  People  of  all  ranks 
attended  his  Funeral.  —  He  was  a  faithful  Preacher  of  the  great  Doctrines  of  the 
Gospel  and  most  carefully  guarded  his  Flock  against  the  Errors  and  Vices  of  the 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  his  will,  which  was  dated  Dec.  14,  1761, 
and  proved  March  1,  1762. 

Dudley  Leavitt  of  Salem,  clerk.  To  Mnry  my  beloved  wife  all  household  furniture 
and  my  library.     To  my  two  sisters  Sarah  Thirston  and  Love  Chase  ten  dollars  each 

1  Vol.  11.  p. 


to  be  paid  in  New  Hampshire  currency.  To  my  beloved  wife  Mary  Leavitt  and  three 
daughters  JIary  Leavitt,  Sarah  Leavitt  and  Elizabeth  Leavitt  the  whole  of  the 
residue  of  my  estate  real  and  personal  equally  between  them.     My  -wife  executor.' 

Mr.  Leavitt  was  a  son  of  Moses  and  Sarah  (Leavitt)  Leavitt.  His  father 
made  his  will  at  Stratham,  N.  H.,  in  1754;  and  constituted  his  son  Dudley 
executor.  In  1749  he  was  also  the  executor  of  his  brother  Stephen's  will, 
which  contained  a  bequest  "  to  my  brotlier  Rev.  Dudley  Leavitt  of  Salem." 
His  ancestr}-  includes  the  following  families :  Lca\-itt,  Dudley,  Leavitt. 
See  Ancestry  Tables   yj,. 

50.  V.  IS^.  Nathaniel  Peaslee  Sargeant,  the  second  husband  of 
Mary  Pickering-,  born  in  Methuen,  Mass.,  died  in  Haverhill,  Mass.  Resi- 
dence :   Haverhill.^ 

Judge  Sargeant,  H.  C.  1750,  studied  law  and  began  its  practice  in 
Haverhill.     The  history  of  Haverhill  says  :  —  » 

"  He  had  the  character  of  an  able  and  honest  attorney,  though  never  distinguished 
at  the  bar  as  an  advocate.  He  possessed  sound  judgment  and  excellent  learning  and 
but  few  men  were  more  respected  for  integrity  and  uniformity  of  conduct.  He  may 
justly  be  ranked  among  the  patriots  of  1770   and  1775. 

"  He  was  not  perhaps  so  ardent  as  some  others ;  but  he  was  decided  in  support  of 
civil  freedom,  and  could  always  be  depended  upon  as  a  prudent  and  efficient  supporter 
of  the  ancient  privileges  and  rights  of  the  colonies.  Mr.  Sargeant  was  a  delegate 
from  this  town  to  the  Provincial  Congress,  which  met  at  Cambridge  in  Feb.  1775, 
and  in  1776  was  a  member  of  the  House  of  Representatives.  In  both  of  these  bodies 
he  was  a  prominent  working  member  and  was  frequently  placed  on  the  most  impor- 
tant committees. 

"  After  the  Constitution  of  Massaclmsetts  was  adopted  in  1780,  he  had  a  seat  on 
the  bench  of  the  Supreme  Judicial  Court  and  on  the  appointment  of  William  Cushing 
to  be  a  Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  States,  Mr.  Sargeant  was  made  Chief 
Justice.  As  a  judge  he  won  the  respect  and  commendation  of  all,  for  his  ability, 
integrity  and  impartiality."  ^ 

The  following  notice  of  his  death  appeared  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
Oct.  11,  1791:  — 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  338,  pp.  541-542 ;  files,  No.  16,548. 
'  Appleton's  Cyclopedia  of  American  Biography,  p.  397,  gives  the  date  of  his  death 
as  Oct.  12,  1791 ;  but  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Oct.  11  contains  au  obituary  of  Judge  Sargeant. 
'  History  of  Haverhill,  JIass.,  by  George  W.  Chase,  p.  648. 


"At  Haverhill  the  Hon.  Xutlianiel  Peascley  Sargent  Esq.,  Cliief  Justice  of  the 
Supreme  Judicial  Court  of  the  Commonwealth.  As  a  Judge,  iudeiiendence  and 
iiiiiiartiality  were  conspicuous  in  him  ;  and  the  big  tear,  which  often  stood  trembling 
uu  his  eye,  when  pronouncing  the  sentence  of  the  law  on  its  devoted  victims, 
witnessed  his  humanity.  As  a  Patriot  and  Civilian  his  country  testified  to  his  -worth 
in  placing  him  in  many  important  and  exalted  stations.  As  a  Mnn,  the  tears  which 
wore  shed  at  his  interment  and  the  gloom  which  hung  on  the  countenances  of  the 
multitude,  which  paid  the  last  mark  of  respect  to  his  remains  emphatically  evince 
his  -worth." 

Cliief  Justice  Sargeant  was  a  member  of  the  American  Academy  of 
Arts  aud  Sciences.  He  was  one  of  Colonel  Pickering's  most  agreeable  and 
valued  correspondents.  His  letters  are  inspired  with  fraternal  love,  are 
natural,  racy,  and  enlivened  by  a  peculiar  wit  and  humor.'  On  hearing  of 
Judge  Sargoant's  death,  Colonel  Pickering  wrote  of  him,  that  he  was  "  a 
useful,  worthy  and  amiable  man,  the  prolongation  of  his  life  would  have 
been  desirable.'' 

A  letter  from  John  Pickering  to  his  brother  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering, 
says  that  Judge  Sargeant  died  of  "jaundice  with  a  general  indisposition  of 

Judge  Sargeant's  first  wife,  whom  he  married  Feb.  3,  1  759,  was  Rhoda 
Bai-nard  of  Amesbury,  Mass.  She  died  Oct.  9,  1774.  By  her  he  had  the 
following  children :  — 

Khoda  Sargeaxt,  born  March  24,  1759.     She  married Kimball. 

Nathaniel  P.  Sargeaxt,  born  Jan.  16,  1761. 

Jonathan  Barnard  Sargeant,  born  Jan.  24,  1763. 
Susanna  Sargeant,  born  Feb.  1,  1765.     She  married  June  28,  17S6,  the 

Kev.  Huntington  Porter  of  Rye,  N.  H. 
Elizabeth  Sargeant,  born  April  5,  1767. 

Tabitha  Sargeant,  born  April  21,  1769,  died  Aug.  21,  1806. 

Mary  Sargeant,  born  Aug.  24,  1771,  died  July  10,  1808. 

Sarah  Sargeant,  born  Feb.  17,  1774,  died  March  4, 1803. 

All  of  the  above  children,  with  the  exception  of  Nathaniel  P.,  are 
mentioned  in  his  will  of  Aug.  2,  1791,  which  was  proved  Nov.  7,  1791.^ 

*  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  II.  p.  477. 
"  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  361,  p.  462  ;  files,  No.  24,669. 


Judge  Sargeaut  was  a  son  of  the  Rev.  Christopher  and  Susanna 
(Peaslee)  Sargeant,  and  was  one  of  a  family  of  twelve  children.^  His 
father  was  pastor  of  the  church  at  Methuen,  JIass.,  for  more  than  fifty 
years,  until  old  age  forced  him  to  resign  in  1783.  Luc}j  Washburn  [54. 
VIII.  G4o]  is  his  great-grandniece,  and  Moses  Ti/Ier  Stecens  [6.  IX.  SO]  is 
his  great-grandnephew.  Judge  Sargeaut's  ancestry  includes  the  following 
families:  Sargeant,  Perkins,  Barnes,  Stevens,  Peaslee,  Barnard,  Kimball, 
Scott,  Wyatt,  Marsh,  Cutler.     See  Ancestet  Tables  y\,. 

51-52.  V.  19.  Lydia  Pickering  [Timothy  48-59.  IV.  9],  bom  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  xMarch  7,  l7oG,  died  in  Boston. 

Mrs.  "Williams  after  the  death  of  her  husband  moved  to  Boston.  The 
accompanying  heliotype  is  from  her  portrait,  by  Gilbert  Stuart,  painted 
about  1819.  It  is  owned  by  her  great-granddaughter,  Mrs.  Philip  H.  Sears, 
of  Boston.  There  is  still  another  portrait  of  Mrs.  Williams  painted  by  the 
same  artist,  which  was  in  the  possession  of  her  grandson,  the  late  George 
H.  Williams  of  Xorthborough,  Mass.  His  nieces,  the  Misses  Whitney,  of 
Cambridge,  Mass.,  have  a  fine  copy  of  this  picture. 

51-52.  V.  19.  Geovfje  Williams,  her  husband,  born  in  Salem,  died  in 
Salem.^     A  merchant.     Residence :  Salem. 

Mr.  Williams,  like  so  many  of  the  Salem  merchants,  was  in  early  life 
a  shipmaster.  At  just  what  time  he  gave  up  going  to  sea,  and  began  his 
extensive  commercial  transactions  with  foreign  countries,  we  do  not  know  ; 
but  for  many  years  he  was  one  of  the  most  active  and  enterprising 
merchants  in  Salem.  He  was  not  only  a  good  merchant,  but  he  was  also 
a  public-spirited  citizen  at  a  time  when  men  of  his  character  and  means 
were  of  great  value  to  the  country.  He  took  a  firm  and  decided  stand  on 
the  patriot  side  during  the  Revolution.  On  March  13,  1775,  he  was  chosen 
as  one  of  thii-ty  members  of  a  Committee  of  Safety,  a  committee  of  which 

'  A  genealogy  of  his  family  is  in  tlie  Xew  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Eeg- 
ister,  Vol.  X.  pp.  1S4-18.5. 

"  Several  authorities  give  the  date  of  his  death  as  June  12,  1797,  while  the  Salem 
Gazette  of  Friday,  June  16,  1797,  says  he  died  "last  Sunday  morning,"  which  was 
the   11th. 


[5.-5..    V.    ,0.] 
From  the  Portrait  bv  Gilbert  SruARr,  painted  ahott  1S19, 


-J^  r- 


d-'  / 




i  -.liT.M^  .  .  ^•."'   ^  :.     "^"a-^-- 


Lis  brothers-ill-law,  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering,  John  Pickering-,  and  Israel 
Dodge  were  also  members.*  On  May  18,  1776,  he  Avas  sent  as  a  represen- 
tative to  a  General  Conrt,  held  at  Watertown,  and  he  was  again  elected  a 
representative  in  1777,  1778,  1779,  1783,  and  1785.^  He  was  also  elected 
to  the  Massachusetts  Senate  in  1780,  but  declined  to  serve.  The  fact  that 
he  was  chosen  so  often  to  represent  his  town,  at  so  trying  a  time,  proves 
the  general  coniidence  in  his  judgment  and  ability. 

He  was  a  part-owner  in  three  privateers :  "  The  Black  Prince,"  eighteen 
guns,  six  pounders,  N.  West,  Captain;  "The  Pickering,"  sixteen  guns,  six 
pounders,  Jonathan  Haraden,  Captain ;  ^  and  "  The  Lion  ''  twenty  guns,  six 
and  four  pounders.  He  and  his  brother-in-law,  John  Gardner,  had  the  mis- 
fortune, in  1781  to  have  some  of  their  ships  captured  at  St.  Eustatia  by 
Admiral  Rodney.  This  loss  reduced  his  estate,  and  caused  him  no  little 

Mr.  Williams  was  the  frequent  correspondent,  and  the  faithful  and 
generous  friend  of  Colonel  Pickering,  who  was  greatly  indebted  to  him  for 
loans  of  money  at  times  when  it  was  impossible  to  obtain  it  from  the 
Treasury.  He  held  advanced  views  on  the  manufacturing  needs  of  Mas- 
sachusetts, and  showed  his  appreciation  of  the  benefit  which  New  England 
might  derive  from  fostering  the  manufacturing  interests.* 

In  1756  Mr.  Williams  bought  the  three-storied  wooden  house  standing 
on  the  western  part  of  the  estate  on  Essex  Street,  which  was  recently  sold 
by  the  heirs  of  the  late  Colonel  Francis  Peabody.  The  house  was  torn 
down  in  1839.^ 

The  Salem  and  Boston  newspapers  contained  notices  of  his  death.  The 
Salem  Gazette  of  Friday,  June  16,  1797,  says  :  — 

"  Last  Sunday  morning,  died  in  this  Unwa,  GEORGE  WILLIAMS,  Esq.  —  an 
eminent  Merchant,  aged  65.  lie  was  a  Gentleman  of  unwearied  application  to  business. 
He  has  been  a  Representative  of  Salem,  and  firm  in  our  Revolution  —  has  been  as  firm 
in  support  of  our  Federal  Constitution.     His  judgment  as  a  merchant  was  esteemed, 

'  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  34 

'  Salem  Records. 

'  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  II.  pp.  147-148. 

*  Ibid.  II.  p.  419. 

*  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XIII.  p.  25,  note. 


and  the  same  reputation  he  maintained  in  public  and  domestic  life.  Prudence  iu  his 
affairs,  economy  in  his  plans,  perseverance  and  enterprize,  punctuality  in  his  dealings 
and  independence  of  mind,  characterized  him  a  worthy  Citizen  of  Salem.  He  has 
left  a  Widow-  and  a  most  worthy  family  to  lament  the  bereavement." 

Mr.  Williams,  at  the  time  of  his  marriage  to  Lydia  Pickering-,  was  a 
widower.  His  first  wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  July  13,  1752,  was 
Hannah  Hathorne,  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Hannah  Hathorne  of 
Salem.     She  died  Oct.  30,  1756,  leaving  two  children:  — 

George  Williams,    born  July   18,  1754.     He   married   Sept.   14,   1777,   Mehitable 

West,  and  died  at  sea  April  6,  1784. 
Hannah  Williams,  born  June  14,  1756,  died  ]May  3,  1750. 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  George  Williams'  will.  It  was  dated 
Jan.  26,  1797,  and  was  proved  July  12,  1797  :  — 

To  my  wife  Lydia  Williams,  my  dwelling  house  in  Salem,  and  the  household  fur- 
niture during  her  natural  life  ;  also  the  sum  of  813,333,  on  condition  that  she  release 
her  right  of  dower  in  my  real  estate  on  the  request  of  my  executors. 

To  my  daughter  Lydia  Lyman,  wife  of  Theodore  Lyman  of  Boston,  merchant, 

To  my  daughter  Mary  Pratt,  wife  of  William  Pratt,  of  Boston,  merchant,  8917. 

To  my  daughter  Elizabeth  Williams,  my  son  Francis  Williams,  my  daughter 
Anne  Williams,  my  son  Charles  Williams,  81667,  each.  As  it  is  my  desire  that  all 
my  children  shall  sliare  alike  in  my  estate,  the  above  provisions  are  intended  to 
make  my  children  above  named,  respectively,  a  sum  equal  to  what  I  have  already 
given  to  each  of  their  brothers  and  sisters.  I  therefore  give  and  devise  all  the  resi- 
due of  my  personal  estate  together  with  my  real-estate  or  the  proceeds  thereof,  if  the 
same  should  be  sold,  as  here  in  after  provided,  to  all  my  children  as  well  those  before 
named,  as  the  others,  to  be  equally  divided  between  them,  except  one  equal  twelfth 
part  thereof  which  I  give  to  the  children  of  my  son  George  Williams  late  of  Salem, 
mariner,  deceased,  to  be  equally  divided  between  them. 

I  authorise  my  executors  to  make  sale  of,  and  convey,  all  my  real  estate,  except 
the  life  estate  devised  to  my  wife,  either  at  private  or  public  sale  at  their  discretion, 
provided  that  my  real  estate  in  the  town  of  Watertown  now  occupied  by  the  firm  of 
George  Williams  k  Co.,  as  also  the  reversion  of  the  premises  devised  to  my  wife, 
shall  not  be  sold  without  the  consent  of  the  major  part  of  my  children. 

And  where  as  by  an  agreement  signed  by  me  and  my  sons  Samuel,  Henry,  Timo- 
thy, and  John,  dated  April  1,  1793,  I  did  allow  that  they  were  respectively  interested 
in  the  stock  in  trade  which  I  then  possessed,  viz  :   Samuel  in  the  sum  of  ^3000. 


Ilonry  in  the  sum  of  £2100.  Timothy  in  the  sum  of  jElSOO.  and  John  in  the  sum  of 
£1500,  of  the  late  lawful  money,  which  said  allowance  was  made  as  well  tu  compen- 
sate them  for  their  former  services,  as  to  make  them  some  provision  out  of  mv  estate, 
I  do  hereby  approve  of  and  courirm  the  said  agreement,  and  every  article  and  clause 
therein,  and  the  sums  so  allowed  are  not  to  he  considered  as  any  part  of  my  estate, 
or  of  the  shares  or  portions  which  my  said  sons  are  respectfully  entitled  to  receive  by 
virtue  of  this  my  will. 

And  as  to  the  houseln^ld  furniture  the  use  of  which  I  have  given  to  my  wife  for 
life,  I  will  that  after  her  decease  the  same  be  equally  divided  among  my  children, 
except  one  twelfth  part  to  be  divided  among  the  cliildren  of  my  son  George,  in  equal 

I  appoint  my  said  sons  Samuel  Williams,  late  of  Boston,  gentleman,  Henry 
Williams,  of  Watertown,  merchant,  Timothy  Williams,  of  Boston,  gentleman,  and 
John  Williams,  of  Watertown,  esquire,  to  be  my  executors. 

The  inventory  of  the  estate  amounted  to  661,226.50,  and  according  to 
the  final  account,  with  accrued  interest,  it  amounted  to  863,161.53.^ 

Mr.  WiUiams  was  a  son  of  Henry  and  Mary  (Waters)  "Williams  of 
Salem.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families:  Williams,  Skerry, 
Manning,  Galley,  Waters,  Place,  Hawkins.     See  Ancestry  Tables  y\. 

53.  V.  20.  Elizabetli  Pickering  [Timothy  48-50.  IV.  9],  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Nov.  13,  1737,  died  in  Wenham,  Mass.^ 

Mrs.  Gardner  was  distinguished  for  the  strength  of  her  understanding, 
and  the  energy  of  her  character.  She  was  a  great  reader,  possessed  of 
much  information,  and  is  said  to  have  been  the  most  intellectual  of  the 
sisters.  Althougli  she  practised  the  strictest  economy,  she  was  most 
obligingly  generous.^  Her  grandniece,  Mrs.  Thomas  Donaldson,  thus 
wi-ites  of  her :  — 

"  A  violent  democrat  in  politics,  and  was  told  by  her  brother  Timothy  that  she 
talked  of  what  she  did  not  understand.  She  was  something  of  a  free  thinker  in 
religious  matters,  and  fond  of  reading  Tom  Paine,  whose  works  were  quite  generally 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  365,  pp.  274-275,  477-479;  files,  No.  29,991. 

'  Francis  H.  Lee  and  a  memorandum  of  Henry  Pickering  give  the  date  of  her  birth 
as  Nov.  12,  1737.  The  Gardner  Family  Eecords  have  Xov.  12,  1737,  new  style.  The 
Nichols  Family -Eecords  have  Oct.  29,  1737,  old  style.  Upham,  Vol.  IV.  p.  393,  has  Nov. 
23,  1737.     The  correct  date  is  probably  Nov.  1,  1737,  old  style. 

'  Francis  H.  Lee's  Eecord  and  Mrs.  Nathaniel  Silsbee. 


read  at  that  time  and  especially  by  the  dcmucrats.     She  was  a  woman  of  strong 
mind,  very  outspoken  in  her  opinions." 

The  following  notice  of  her  death  appeared  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
Oct.  24,  1823  :  — 

"  In  Wenliam,  widow  Elizabeth  Gardner  aged  85,  sister  of  the  Hon.  Timothy 
Pickering  of  this  town  —  a  lady  not  less  venerated  for  her  virtue,  than  for  her  years." 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  her  will.  It  was  made  Oct.  21,  1816, 
and  proved  Nov.  18,  1823  :  — 

I  Elizabeth  Gardner  give  to  John  Lowell  Gardner  and  George  Gardner,  children 
of  my  son  Samuel  Pickering  Gardner  all  my  real  estate  in  the  town  of  Salem  consist- 
ing of  about  one  hundred  and  eleven  acres  of  pasture,  being  the  same  which  belonged 
to  my  late  brother  John  Pickering  deceased,  to  be  equally  divided  between  them. 

To  my  grandson  Henry  Blauchard  §400,  but  if  he  should  die  before  me,  and  with- 
out issue,  I  then  give  the  same  to  my  son  Samuel  Pickering  Gardner. 

To  Eliza  Cabot  Blanchard,  daughter  of  my  late  grandson,  Francis  Blanchard,  the 
feather  bed  I  have  marked  with  the  initials  of  her  name. 

To  my  son  Samuel  Pickering  Gardner  all  the  rest  of  my  estate,  and  I  appoint 
him  my  executor.^ 

53.  V.  20.  John  Gardner,  her  husband,  bom  in  Danvers,  Mass.,  died 
in  "Wenham,  Mass.     A  merchant.     Residence  :  Salem,  later  Wenham. 

Mr.  Gardner  w^ent  to  sea  in  early  life,  and  was  master  of  a  vessel  in 
the  West  India  trade  for  several  years.^  Dm-ing  the  Revolutionary  War 
he  was  interested  in  privateers,  and  some  of  his  ships  were  captured  by 
Admiral  Rodney,  at  St.  Eustatia.^ 

In  1778  he  removed  from  Salem  to  Wenham.  He  is  said  to  have  been 
a  person  of  a  very  mild  temper,  and  is  spoken  of  by  Colonel  Timothy 
Pickering  as  a  very  kind-hearted  man. 

His  first  wife,  whom  he  man-ied  June  25,  1754,  was  ]\Iary  Gale  of 
Marblehead.     She  died  May  24,  1755,  aged  27  years,  leaving  no  children. 

Mr.  Gardner  died  of  apoplexy  on  rising  from  the  dinner-table.     His  will 

'  Essex  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  402,  pp.  279-281 ;  files,  Xo.  10,612. 

*  The  Gardner  Family  Eecords. 

*  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  289. 


was  made  Jan.  21,  1704,  and  proved  Nov.  6,  1805.^  He  left  his  wife 
Elizabeth  his  real  estate,  and  the  interest  of  his  personal  property  during 
her  life.  The  real  estate  in  Wenham,  Hamilton,  and  Ipswich,  and  brick 
house  in  Salem,  after  his  wife's  life  estate,  to  the  children  of  his  daughter 
Elizabeth  Blanchard,  who  was  to  have  the  improvement  of  it  during  her 
life.  If  the  children  should  die  without  issue,  then  the  whole  to  go  to  his 
heirs.  His  son  Samuel  Gardner,  who  was  his  executor,  to  have  the  remainder 
of  the  estate. 

Mr.  Gardner  was  a  son  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (Putnam)  Gardner. 
Samuel  Gardner  [3-5.  V.  3]  was  his  uncle,  and  Charles  Lemon  [36.  VIII. 
34^']  was  his  nephew.  His  father  was  captain  of  a  company  of  horse,  and 
was  frequently  a  representative  to  the  General  Court  from  Salem.  He 
owned  a  farm  between  Salem  and  Marblehead  where  he  lived  many  years. 
He  was  born  in  a  house  which  stood  wliere  the  Salem  Museum  now  stands, 
part  of  which  land  descended  to  Samuel  P.  Gaixlner,  his  grandson,  and  was 
sold  by  him  to  the  Museum.^  Tlie  ancestry  of  John  Gardner  includes  the 
following  families  :  Gardner,  Frier,  Orne,  Browne,  AVeld,  Clap,  ]\Iitchelson, 
Bushell,  Putnam,  Prince.      See  Ancestry  Tables  ^^^. 

54.  V.  21.  John  Pickering  [Timothy  48-59.  IV.  9],  bom  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  March  2,  1739-40,  died  in  Salem.     Residence:  Salem. 

John  Pickering,  H.  C.  1759,  inheiited  the  family  homestead,  and  devoted 
himself  to  agricultural  pursuits.  He  lived  in  the  old  Pickering  house,  and 
his  sister,  Mrs.  Gooll,  kept  house  for  him. 

Most  of  his  life  was  spent  in  the  public  service.  He  was  sent  to  the 
General  Court  as  a  representative  from  Salem  every  year  from  1769  to 
1780,  vrith  the  single  exception  of  1775;  and  for  several  years,  he  was 
Speaker  of  the  House.  March  13,  1775,  he  was  chosen  upon  the  Committee 
of  Safety,  which  consisted  of  thirty  of  the  most  prominent  and  patriotic 
citizens  of  Salem,  among  whom  were  his  brother,  Colonel  Timothy  Picker- 
ing, and  his  brothers-in-law,  George  Williams  and  Israel  Dodge.  In  1777, 
he  was  chosen  Register  of  Deeds  for  E.ssex  County ;  and  he  continued  to 
hold  this  office,  by  successive  elections,  till  1806,  when  his  infirmities  obliged 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Record,  Vol.  373,  p.  227;  files,  10,G35. 
•  The  Gardner  Family  Records. 


him  to  retire.  In  178J,  he  w;is  town  treasurer.  He  was  also  a  justice  of 
the  peace  and  a  judge  of  the  Coiu-t  of  Common  Pleas. 

He  took  the  office  of  Register  of  Deeds  when  his  brother  Timothy 
went  into  the  army,  intending  to  give  it  back  to  him  on  his  return  ;  but  he 
got  accustomed  to  the  work,  and  Timothy  thought  he  ought  not  to  take 
the  place  from  him,  though  Jolm  would  have  been  glad  to  yield.  John  was 
supposed  to  have  been  fatally  sick  in  ITSfi,  and  in  case  of  his  death 
Timothy  would  have  taken  the  place.  Some  one  else  proposed  to  canvass 
for  the  position,  which  made  Jolm  so  angry  that  he  announced  himself  as 
a  candidate  for  re-election,  and  got  well.^ 

The  following  obituary  notice  of  him  appeared  in  the  Salem  Gazette 
of  Aug.  23,  1811:  — 

"  In  tliis  town,  Hon.  John  Pickering  aged  71.  Tliis  gentleman  has  been  an  able 
and  faithful  servant  to  the  public  through  his  whole  life.  In  the  early  part  of  the 
revolution  he  rcprcsentcil  this  town  in  the  General  Court,  and  for  several  sessions 
filled  the  Speaker's  chair.  FTe  was  many  years  a  Judge  in  the  Court  of  Common 
Pleas,  which  situation  he  declined,  as  the  infirmities  of  age,  and  the  duties  of  another 
office  pressed  upon  him.  The  records  of  the  office  of  Register  of  Deeds  for  upwards 
of  twenty  years  will  testify  to  his  uncommon  accuracy,  care  and  punctuality.  This 
office  he  held  till  his  increased  infirmities  obliged  him  to  resign  it ;  and  no  man's 
interest  ever  suffered  through  his  neglect  in  the  performance  of  its  duties." 

The  following  account  of  him  is  from  the  life  of  his  nephew  John 
Pickering,  who  was  a  member  of  his  family  while  his  education  was  in 
progress :  — 

"  Much  might  be  said  of  the  private  and  domestic  virtues  of  the  excellent  man, 
who  though  unmarried  himself,  was  for  many  years  the  respected  and  beloved  head 
of  the  family  in  the  Pickering  mansion. 

"  By  his  careful  management  in  agricultural  pursuits  which  the  family  estate 
required,  and  by  his  untiring  industry  in  the  office  which  he  held  for  many  years, 
he  was  enabled  with  a  limited  income,  to  exercise  a  generous  hospitality,  and  to 
gratify  his  own  affectionate  desires  in  caring  and  providing  for  the  members  of  his 
family  circle."  ^ 

>  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickerin-,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  II.  pp.  182-189.  Also 
Vol.  I.  pp.  34,  139,  Vol.  IV.  pp.  24,  213-216,.  and  Salem  Town  Eecords. 

'  Life  of  John  Pickering,  by  his  daughter,  ilary  Orne  Pickering,  p.  246. 


Judge  Pickering  was  one  of  the  origiual  memljera  of  the  American 
Academy  of  Arts  and  Sciences. 

Administration  on  the  estate  of  John  Pickering,  late  of  Salem,  Esquire, 
was  granted  Sept.  2,  1811,  to  Julm  Pickering,  Esquire,  who  gave  bond  with 
Timothy  Pickering,  Esquire,  and  Samuel  Putnam,  Esquire,  as  sureties.^ 

He  was  buried  in  the  Broadstreet  Burial  Ground.  His  gravestone  bears 
the  following  inscription  :  — 

BOR>-  liar.  II.     MDCCXL. 

54-55.  V.  22.  Lois  Pickering  [Timotliy  48-59.  IV.  9],  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  April  25.  1742,  died  in  Salem."     Residence:  Salem. 

Jlrs.  Gooll  was  admitted  to  membership  in  the  First  Church,  Salem, 
Jan.  7,  1773.  After  the  death  of  her  husband,  she  and  her  daughter  went 
to  live  in  the  old  homestead  with  her  father ;  and  she  continued  to  live  there 
with  her  brother  John,  into  whose  hands  it  had  passed  at  Deacon  Timothy 
Pickering's  death.  By  a  deed  dated  Aug.  16,  1803,  her  brotlier  John  con- 
veyed the  house  and  land  adjoining  to  her  for  her  natural  life,  with  rever- 
sion to  his  nephew,  John  Pickering.^ 

She  was  a  twin  of  her  sister  Eunice  Pickering.  Her  gravestone,  bearing 
the  following  inscription,  is  still  standing  in  the  Broad  Street  Graveyard : 

Mrs.   LOIS  GOOLL, 

Ob.  4.  Feb.  1S15, 

.cEt.  Lxxn. 

She  was  the  widow  of 


wlio  died  at  S'.  Christophers 

5Iar.  23,  177G, 

And  daughter  of 



»  Esse.x  County  Probate  Keeords,  Vol.  381,  p.  IGS ;  files,  Xo.  21,815. 

'  The  Gardner  Family  Records,  Upham,  and  her  gravestone,  give  Feb.  4,  1815,  as  the 
date  of  her  death.  Mrs.  :M.  L.  Putnam  states  that  she'died  Feb.  6.  1815,  at  the  age  of  72. 
Dr.  Prince,  in  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IX.  p.  102,  says  that  she  died  in 
Salem,  Feb.  15,  1815,  at  the  age  of  70.  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland  states  that  she  died  in  1816. 
'  Essex  County  Eegistry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  182,  pp.  152-153,  and  The  Life  of  Timothy 
Pickering,  by  C.  W.  Upham,  Vol.  IV.  p.  215. 


54-53.  V.  22.  John  Gooll,  the  husband  of  Lois  Pickering,  bom  in 
Scotland,  died  in  the  Isknd  of  St.  Christopher,  W.  I.^  A  merchant.  Resi- 
dence: Salem, 

Mr.  Gooll  came  to  Salem  from  Paisley,  Scotland,  and  was  called  a 
Scotch  merchant. 

Their  marriage  is  thus  chronicled  in  the  Essex  Gazette  :  — 

"  Mr.  John  Gooll,  Merchant  to  Mis3  Louisa  Pickering,  Daughter  of  Deacon  Picker- 
ing of  this  Town." 

Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  to  his  widow  Lois,  Oct.  7, 
177G.      The    inventory   amounted   to    £3834    175.   'dhl.   lawful    money.^ 

Ancestry  Tables   y'g. 

56-57.  V.  23.  Eunice  Pickering  [Timothy  48-59.  IV.  9],  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  tliere  April  25,  1742,  died  in  Stratham,  N.  H.^ 

Mrs.  Wingate  Avas  the  twin  of  Lois  Pickering  [54-55.  V.  22].  She 
lived  to  be  nearly  101  years  oL:l.  The  following  account  of  the  celebration 
of  her  one  hundredth  birthday  is  from  the  Wingate  Genealogy :  — 

"  When  Mrs.  Wingate  had  attained  one  hundred  years  of  age  the  venerable  lady 
entertained  her  family  and  friends  at  a  birthday  party,  and  on  the  occasion  wore  the 
same  dress  in  which  she  had  been  married.  Only  the  high  heeled  shoes  of  her  apparel 
seemed  much  out  of  the  prevailing  fashion  of  the  time  (1842)."* 

In  answer  to  a  letter  asking  information  concerning  Mrs.  "Wingate,  the 
following  was  received  from  her  granddaughter,  Mrs.  Anna  H.  Gilbert  of 
Ipswich,  dated  May  30,  1892  :  — 

'  The  gravestone  of  his  wife.     See  pasje  125. 

^  Essex  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  352,  pp.  144,  4G5-469 ;  files,  No.  11,389. 

°  There  is  a  difference  of  opinion  as  to  the  date  of  her  death.  The  Exeter  News 
Letter  of  Jan.  17,  1S43,  states  that  she  died  on  Saturday,  Jan.  4,  aged  100  years,  8 
months,  and  14  days.  This  same  notice  appears  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Jan.  23,  1843, 
and  in  the  New  Hampshire  Gazette  of  Portsmouth,  N.  H.,  of  Jan.  24,  1843  —  probably 
copied  from  the  News  Letter.  Six  Boston  papers  of  Jan.  18  and  19,  1843,  give  this  date 
as  Jan.  7,  1843,  as  do  Allen's  Biographical  Dictionary  and  the  gravestone.  The  7th  of 
January  is  probably  the  right  date,  as  this  day  fell  on  Saturday.  The  Nichols  Family 
Records  give  this  date  as  Jan.  16,  and  the  Gardner  Family  Records  as  Jan.  14,  while  the 
town  clerk  of  Stratham.  N.  H.,  writes  that  he  cannot  find  any  record  of  her  death  in  the 
Town  Records.     With  a  few  exceptions,  her  age  is  given  as  100  years,  8  months,  14  days. 

*  History  of  the  Wingate  Family,  by  C.  E.  L.  Wingate,  p.  90,  note. 


"  We  have  no  portrait  or  letters  of  my  grandmother  Eunice  (Pickering)  Wiugate, 
but  I  have  her  name  as  she  wrote  it  for  me  the  day  she  was  one  hundred  years  and 
eight  months  old.  I  wanted  her  autograph  for  a  friend,  she  not  wishing  it  given 
away,  closed  her  eyes  nnd  wrote  it  for  me.  I  think  that  is  the  only  specimen  of  her 
penmanship  she  left,  and  that  I  value  very  much. 

"I  had  the  care  of  our  grandmother  in  her  last  days  and  probably  knew  her 
better  than  did  any  othor  grandchild.  She  was  a  wonderful  woman,  enjoyed  life 
better  than  most  people  do  at  half  her  age. 

"  The  Tiianksgiving  after  her  hundredth  birth-day  she  wished  to  have  as  many  of 
the  family  as  possible  dine  with  her.  Fearing  the  company  would  tire  her  too  much, 
I  persuaded  her  to  stay  in  her  chamber  until  dinner  was  ready ;  then  I  asked  her 
if  I  should  assist  her  over  the  stairs.  Her  reply  was  '  no  child,  when  I  cannot  come 
down  without  help  I  sliall  not  come  any  more,'  and  she  continued  to  come  to  her 
meals  without  assistance  until  a  few  days  of  her  death." 

Her  grandniece,  ]Mrs.  Thomas  Donaldson,  gives  the  following  description 
of  her : — 

"She  was  rather  short  and  thin,  tolerably  active  and  vivacious,  quick  in  speech, 
passing  from  one  subject  to  another  with  great  volubility.  She  had  a  tea  party  of 
fifty  people  on  her  hundredth  birthday,  and  poured  the  tea  herself." 

In  1836  the  Hon.  Robert  C  ^yinthrop  visited  Paine  Wingate,  who  had 
entered  his  99th  year,  and  found  him  in  bed.  In  relating  the  incidents  of 
that  visit,  he  says  of  Mrs.  Wingate :  — 

"...  She  was  in  her  ninety-fifth  year  when  I  made  the  visit  to  Stratham,  and 
was  moving  about  with  great  activity  showing  off  her  husband  as  a  wonder,  and  seem- 
ingly unconscious  that  she  was  really  the  greater  wonder  of  the  two."  ^ 

The  following  entry  is  made  in  the  Journal  kept  by  Deacon  Samuel 
Lane  of  Stratham,  N.  H.,  now  in  possession  of  his  great-grandson,  Mr. 
Hemy  S.  Lane  of  Stratham  :  — 

"Aug.   5,   1780.      Awful  night  of   thnuder  &  lightning  —  fell  on  Mr.  Wingate's 

An  incident  of  this  storm  is  given  by  ilrs.  "Wingate's  grandson :  — 

"  At  the  time  of  this  thunder  storm  in  August  1780  my  grandmother  was  sitting 
by  the  north  window  of  the  west  front  room.     By  her  side  was  Mrs.  Rogers,  grand- 

'  Proceedings  of  the  Massachusetts  Historical  Society,  Second  Series,  Vol.  IV. 
pp.  303-305. 


mother  of  Jacob  C.  Rogers  now  of  Lowell.  The  liirhtiiiiig  melted  one  of  the  shoe 
buckles  of  ^Irs.  Roger's  shoe,  but  did  not  injure  her  at  all.  That  my  grandmother, 
two  months  before  my  father's  birth  did  not  suffer  any  ill  effect,  shows  at  least  that 
she  was  not  a  nervous  woman."  ^ 

Many  New  England  newspapers  announced  tlie  death  of  Mrs.  \Ying'ate, 
but  in  none  of  tliem  have  we  found  an  obituary  notice  of  her.  Her  grave- 
stone,  which  is  still  standing  in  the  Stratham  graveyard,  is  thus  inscribed :  — 


Relict  of 


Died  Jan.  7,  18-43 

Aged  100  years. 

56-57.  V.  'Jo.  Paine  Wingate,  the  husband  of  Eunice  Pickering, 
bom  in  Amesbury,  Mass.,  died  in  Stratham,  N.  H.-  A  minister.  Residence: 

Mr.  Wingate,  H.  C.  1759,  studied  for  the  ministry,  and  was  settled  over 
the  First  Congregational  Church  at  Hampton  Falls,  N.  H.^  He  was 
ordained  Dec.  14,  1763,  and  resigned  his  charge  March  12,  1776.  For 
about  four  years  pre^-ious  to  his  resignation,  he  was  not  actively  engaged 
in  preaching,  on  account  of  the  opposition  of  some  of  his  parishioners,  who 
objected  to  the  doctrines  which  he  preached,  and  to  the  salary  (£55)  which 
was  paid  to  him.  It  would  seem  that  his  parishioners  were  mainly  at 
fault,  for  the  dissensions  among  them  continued  even  after  Mr.  Wingate's 

On  Dec.  4,  1773,  he  bought  a  farm  in  the  adjoining  town  of  Stratham, 
of  the  heirs  of  his  brother-in-law,  the  Rev.  Dudley  Leavitt,  for  which  he 
paid  £458  lawful  money.     The  following  description  of  his  house  is  con- 

»  Letter  of  J.  C.  A.  Wingate,  dated  Oct.  10,  1894. 

"  Authorities  differ  as  to  the  date  of  his  birth.  He  himself,  in  a  letter  to  John  Pick- 
ering, dated  Aug.  15,  1830,  says  that  he  was  born  in  "  1738,  May  14  Julian  style."  Other 
authorities  give  the  date  as  follows  :  Salem  Eegister,  ]\Iay  11.  1739  ;  Colonel. Timothy  Pick- 
ering, ilay  14,  1739,  0.  S. ;  Town  Records  of  Amesbury,  J.  Wingate  Thornton,  Wingate 
Genealogy,  the  Xiehols  Family  Records.  Upham's  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  and  "The 
New  Plampshire  Churches,"  May  14,  1739;  Francis  H.  Lee,  :^ray  23,  1739 ;  Journal  of 
Deacon  Samuel  Lane  of  Stratham,  N.  H.,  ilay  2o,  1739;  and  the  Gardner  Family  Records, 
May  27,  1740. 

'  History  of  the  Wingate  Family,  by  C.  E.  L.  Wingate,  p.  C5. 


[56-57.     V.     S3.] 

^X-   /N 



J  * 

i ,'. 



taiued  in  a  letter  received  from  his  grandson,  Joseph  C.  A.  TVingate,  dated 
at  Stratham,  N.  H.,  April  1,  1892  :  — 

"  Paine  Wingate  moved  into  the  house  iu  March  1776.  The  house  was  then  a 
leanto.  Mr.  Wingate  put  a  second  stoiy  on  the  back  side,  and  made  other  general 
repairs  in  1780.  It  is  now  essentially  what  he  then  made  it.  It  was  never  one  of  the 
best  sort  of  old  houses,  but  was  every  way  what  it  continues  to  be,  a  respectable  farm- 
house. Paine  Wingate  was  fond  of  company  and  many  eminent  guests  were  enter- 
tained by  him  iu  the  house.  Washington  did  not  come  into  the  house  when  he  passed 
through  tlie  town,  but  his  carriage  stopped  in  front  of  it;  the  family  were  presented  to 
him,  and  he  drank  a  glass  of  wine  with  Mr.  Wingate." 

It  continued  in  the  possession  of  tlie  nude  line  of  ^Mr.  Wingate's  descen- 
dants till  Dec.  30,  1894,  the  last  owner  having  been  his  grandson,  Joseph 
C.  A.  Wingate.  On  that  date  it  was  burned  flat  to  the  ground,  and  the 
greater  part  of  its  contents  were  destroyed,  including  old  furniture,  and 
chests  of  books ;  but  many  heirlooms  and  relics  of  the  Revolutionary  era 
were  saved.  A  full  account  of  the  burning  of  the  house  was  published  in 
the  Exeter,  X.  H.,  Xews-Letter  of  Jan.  4,  1895.  A  heliotype  of  the  house 
is  here  given. 

From  the  following  advertisement  of  this  estate,  which  appeared  in  the 
Essex  Gazette  of  Oct.  22-29,  1771,  we  get  a  very  good  idea  of  the  farm : 

"  To  be  SOLD 

"A  FARM,  lying  in  Stratham,  in  the  Province  of  New  Hampshire,  distant  eleven 
Miles  from  Portsmouth  and  four  Miles  from  Exeter.  It  contains  150  Acres  of  mow- 
ing, tillage  and  pasture  Land  with  several  Acres  of  Salt-Marsh,  has  a  fine  Growth  of 
young  Wood  upon  it  an  Orchard  and  a  large  Dwelling-House  and  Barn.  This  farm 
is  situate  on  the  County  Road,  and  extends  as  far  as  Exeter  River,  is  witliin  40  Rods 
of  the  JMeeting-Ftouse  and  witliin  half  a  Mile  of  a  Say-Mill  and  Grist-Mill 

"Also  a  FARil  in  Brentwood  (seven  ^Miles  from  the  former)  containing  about 
sixty  Acres  of  wood  pasture  and  tillage  Land." 

Mr.  Wingate  preaclied  occasionally  at  Stratham:  but,  in  a  few  years, 
the  stirring  events  of  the  times  called  him  to  public  duties.  In  May,  1775, 
he  had  been  one  of  two  deputies  chosen  to  represent  Hampton  Falls  at  the 
Fourth  Provincial  Congress,  held  at  Exeter.  In  June,  1781,  he  was  one 
of  the  leading  members  of  a  convention  held  at  Concord.  In  1783,  and  in 
1795,  he  represented  Stratham  in  the  Legislature.     In  1785,  the  people  of 


Strathum  seut  a  putitiou  to  the  Govuruor  and  Council  asking  tliat  he  be 
appointed  to  the  office  of  a  Justice  of  the  Peace.  He  also  served  the  town 
of  Stratham  in  various  other  capacities,  such  as  moderator,  assessor,  and 
auditor.*  In  1787  he  was  sent  as  a  representative  to  Congress  under  the 
Confederation,  and  served  until  the  adoption  of  the  Constitution  of  the 
United  States,  when  he  and  John  Langdon  were  elected  senators  to  repre- 
sent New  Hampshire  in  the  first  Federal  Congress.  At  the  expiration  of 
his  term,  he  was  immediately  elected  to  the  National  House  of  Represen- 
tatives, where  he  served  from  1793  to  1795.  In  1795,  he  represented 
Stratham  in  the  State  Legislature,  and  in  1798,  he  was  appointed  a  judge 
of  the  Superior  Court  of  New  Hampshire,  which  position  he  held  till 

Not  having  been  educated  in  the  law,  he  was  not  a  perfect  master  of 
the  technicalities  of  the  profession  or  its  practice ;  but  he  was  directed  by 
that  plain  common-sense  and  sound  judgment  which  generally  led,  and 
perhaps  by  a  shorter  road,  to  the  same  conclusions  which,  with  profes- 
sionally educated  judges,  were  the  result  of  learned  investigation  and 
unwearied  labor. 

Few  men  have  gone  through  life  more  blamelessly,  more  usefully,  and 
more  universally  beloved  and  respected  than  Judge  Wingate. 

From  the  following  story  told  by  his  grandniece,  Mrs.  Nathaniel 
Silsbee,  who  heard  it  from  her  mother,  it  would  appear  that  Judge  Wingate 
was  quick  to  see  the  comical  side  of  life.  Paine  Wingate  had  a  habit  of 
laughing  in  the  pulpit.  It  was  the  custom  to  bring  a  lunch  to  church  for 
the  noon  intermission  A  dog  got  into  church,  and  put  his  head  into  a 
pitcher  which  contained  food,  and  could  not  get  it  out  again,  and  ran  about 
the  church  with  his  head  in  it,  at  which  Islr.  Wingate  laughed  immoder- 
ately.    He  never  went  into  the  pulpit  after  that. 

Mr.  Wingate  lived  to  a  great  age,  and  sur\-ived  all  the  other  members 
of  the  United  States  Senate  who  took  their  seats  with  him  when  the  Senate 
was  first  organized.  He  also  survived  every  judge  who  had  been  a  member 
of  the  Superior  Court  at  the  time  of  his  own  appointment,  excepting  Judge 
FaiTar  of  New  Ipswich.     For  fifteen  years,  he  was  the  only  survivor  of 

*  History  of  tlie  Wingate  Family,  by  C.  E.  L.  Wingate,  pp.  71-86. 


liis  college  class,  and,  for  several  years,  he  was  the  oldest  living  graduate 
of  Harvard.^ 

The  following  remarkable  letter,  which  he  wrote  to  his  nephew,  Hon. 
John  Pickering,  was  printed  in  substance  in  the  Boston  Sentinel  of  Com- 
mencement Day,  Aug.  27,  1830. 

"Stratham,  N.  H.,  Aug.  15,  1830. 
"Dear  Sir,  —  Believing  that  you  have  the  curiosity  to  notice  incidents  that  are 
unusual,  although  they  may  appear  to  be  trivial,  lam  induced  to  communicate  to  you 
the  following  note,  which  you  will  make  use  of  as  you  see  fit.  Paine  Wingate  of 
Stratham,  N.  II.,  was  born  in  1738,  May  14,  Julian  style.  He  entered  Cambridge  Col- 
lege at  Commencement  1755,  in  the  Freshman  Class,  when  he  stood  last  or  lowest  in 
the  Class,  placed  alphabetically  as  the  custom  then  was.  Of  course  he  was  junior  in 
grade  to  every  member  of  the  College,  until  the  class  was  '  placed  '  in  the  succeeding 
part  of  the  year.  In  the  year  1830,  when  the  Catalogue  of  that  University  was  pub- 
lished, he  was  the  Senior,  or  first  in  the  Catalogue  then  living,  having  in  the  course 
of  seventy-five  years  passed  through  the  various  grades  from  the  lowest  to  the  highest 
of  all  the  members  of  that  University,  —  a  circumstance  which  I  conclude  has  not 
happened  to  any  one  other  since  the  origin  of  the  College,  and  probably  will  not  occur 
again  in  many  centuries.  If  Mr.  Bowditch  should  think  it  an  incident  worth  calcu- 
lating, I  think  he  may  find  data  in  the  Catalogue  and  other  sources  to  form  a  toler- 
able correct  calculation  when  a  similar  event  may  happen  again.  The  facts  above 
stated  may  be  relied  upon  as  correct,  from  the  hand  of  Paine  Wingate  tetat  ninety- 
two.     Fi'om  your  very  afTectionate  uncle 

"  Paine  "Wingate. 

"  This  I  expect  is  the  last  you  will  ever  receive  from  me 
"  Eon.  John  Pickering."  ' 

Judge  Wingate  lived  nearly  seven  years  after  the  date  of  this  letter. 
He  was  a  good  scholar  and  a  man  of  extensive  reading.  As  a  legislator  he 
■was  dignified,  safe,  and  judicious ;  as  a  judge  his  aim  was  to  administer 
justice  according  to  law,  without  favor,  affection,  partiality,  or  prejudice.^ 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  Paine  Wingate's  will.  It  was  dated 
Jan.  26,  1811,  and  the  codicil  attached  to  it  was  dated  Oct.  1,  1830.  It 
was  proved  March  21,  1838. 

1  Obituary  of  Mr.  Wingate  in  the  Exeter  Xews-Letter  of  March  13,  1838. 
"  Life  of  John  Pickering,  by  Mary  Orne  Pickering,  p.  374. 

*  History  of  the  Wingate    Family,   by  C.  E.   L.   Wingate ;    The   Xew   Hampshire 
Churches,  by  J.  C.  W.,  and  an  obituary  in  the  Exeter  Xews-Letter  of  ]\[arch  13,  1S38. 


To  mj  wife  Eunice  I  give  my  household  furniture  except  such  articles  w  Inch  are 
otherwise  disposed  of.  I  also  will  that  she  shall  enjoy  her  legal  right  of  dower  in  my 
buildings  and  land  in  Strathani,  and  I  also  give  her  five  hundred  dollars. 

To  my  eldest  daughter  ilary  Wiprgin,  in  addition  to  what  1  have  already  given 
her,  three  shares  in  the  New  HamiJshire  Bank,  and  eight  shares  in  the  Stratham  and 
New  Market  Bridge. 

To  my  daughter  Elizabeth  Wiiigate,  a  right  to  one  chamber  in  my  house,  and  the 
right  to  use  the  other  parts  occasionally  as  shall  be  necessary,  so  long  as  she 
remains  unmarried;  also  five  hundred  dollars  in  money;  also  a  note  of  hand  against 
Andrew  Wiggin,  E.sq.  for  eight  hundred  dollars,  and  a  silver  porringer  marked  E.  W., 
and  one  feather  bed  and  bedding ;  also  thirty  shares  in  the  Exeter  Bank. 

To  my  eldest  son  George  Wingatc  in  addition  to  what  I  have  already  given 
him,  my  clock,  gun,  small  writing  desk  and  manuscripts,  and  any  articles  of 
household  furniture,  or  husljandry  utensils,  which  he  made,  or  bought  with  his  own 

To  my  youngest  son  John  Wingate,  in  addition  to  what  I  have  already  given 
him,  all  my  farm  lands  in  Stratham,  subject  to  my  wife's  dower,  and  the  rights 
reserved  to  my  daughter  Elizabeth  in  the  house ;  also  my  clock  which  I  bought  of 
Daniel  Balch,  my  maple  desk  and  book-case,  and  all  household  furniture  and  hus- 
bandry implements  which  he  made,  or  purchased  with  his  own  money.  The  residue 
I  give  to  be  divided  equally  between  my  sons  George  and  John,  and  said  George  and 
John  I  appoint  the  executors  of  my  will. 

My  daughter  Elizabeth  having  died  since  my  will  was  made,  I  will  that  what  I 
gave  her  shall  be  revoked,  and  whereas  my  wife  is  so  far  advanced  in  age  as  to  be 
unable  to  manage  her  worldly  affairs  without  more  or  less  bui'den,  I  will  that  my 
executors  shall  provide  for  her  during  her  natural  life,  suitably  for  one  in  her  sta- 
tion in  life,  this  to  be  instead  of  the  five  hundred  dollars  given  to  her  in  my  will,  and 
instead  of  what  she  was  to  receive  for  her  property  sold  in  Salem.  The  other  part 
of  my  legacy  to  her  to  remain  as  in  my  will.  The  farm  lands,  given  to  my  son  John, 
are  to  be  held  by  him  during  his  natural  life,  and  at  his  death  to  be  given  to  his  sons. 
I  also  give  to  my  three  children  Jlary  Wiggin,  George  Vv'ingate,  and  Joiin  Wingate,  a 
note  of  hand  wliieh  1  hold  against  Col.  John  Rodgers,  and  Col.  Natlianicl  Oilman, 
for  thirteen  hundred  and  seventy-five  dollars  and  interest  which  was  originally  given 
for  property  sold  belonging  to  my  wife 

To  my  son  George  Wingate,  in  addition  to  what  I  have  before  given  him, 
my  mahogany  desk,  and  a  silver  tankard  which  1  have  bought  since  I  made 
my  will 

To  my  daughter  ilary  Wiggin  a  silver  can  which  I  bought  of  ray  niece  Abigail 
Day  and  which  was  originally  my  mothers.  To  my  two  sons  George  Wingate,  and 
John  Wingate,  two  shares  in  the  Exeter  Manufacturing  Company,  also  thirty  shares 
in  the  Exeter  Bank. 

im-f'^m') uqiHf}WW 

"1^  ^^^ 





^^/Ti.  £^ 


[5S.     V.     24.] 
From  the  Portrait   hv  Gileert  Stuart,  tain  ted  in  September. 

NOW    IN    THE    possession    OF    ROBERT    M.  PraTT,   EsQ.,  OF  BOSTON. 


Judge  Wingate  was  a  son  of  Paine  and  Mary  (Baloli)  "Wingate.  He 
and  his  wife  were  first  cousins.  His  ancestry  includes  tlie  following 
families :  Wingate,  Taylor,  Lunt,  Balcli,  Gardner,  Frier,  E^airfield,  Skip- 
perway.      See  Ancestry  Tables  ■^'^. 

58.  V.  24.  Timotliy  Pickering  [Timothy,  48-59.  lY.  9],  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem.     Residence  :  Salem. 

Colonel  Pickering,  II.  C.  17G3,  was  brought  up  under  the  severe  moral 
code  of  tlie  time,  but  as  a  young  man  he  discarded  tiie  more  rigid  tenets 
of  his  father,  although  his  early  education  had  a  marked  influence  on  his 
life.  After  leaving  college,  he  became  clerk  in  the  otHce  of  John  Iliggin- 
son.  Register  of  Deeds  for  the  Comity  of  Essex.  Here  he  remained  two 
years,  and  he  filled  this  office  afterward  at  various  times  imtil  1774. 

In  1766,  he  was  commissioned  lieutenant  of  the  Fourth  military  com- 
pany of  Salem,  and,  in  1769,  he  was  appointed  its  captain.  He  took  great 
interest  in  military  training,  and  in  bringing  the  militia  to  a  good  standard 
of  discipline.  He  also  sent  two  articles  to  the  newspaper  on  these  sub- 
jects, signed  "A  Military  Citizen."  In  December,  17GS,  he  was  admitted 
to  the  bar  as  an  attorney-at-law  ;  but  he  practised  little,  and  attained  no 
distinction  as  an  advocate,  as  the  various  claims  upon  his  time  prevented 
him  from  being  a  well-read  lawyer,  a  distinction  to  which  he  made  no 
claim.  He  was  a  selectman  of  Salem  in  1772,  and  for  the  five  following 
years,  and  served  as  a  town  clerk  in  1774,  1775,  and  1776.  On  May 
18,  1773,  he  was  chosen  one  of  a  committee  of  five  to  consider  a  com- 
munication from  Boston  concerning  '■  the  rights  of  the  colonists."  The 
report  of  this  committee  asserting  the  right  of  towns  in  their  corporate 
capacity  to  meet  and  try  to  obtain  a  redress  of  their  grievances,  wa,s  pub- 
lished in  the  Essex  Gazette  of  June  6  and  15,  1773.  On  June  11,  1773, 
the  selectmen  of  Salem  were  directed  to  act  as  a  committee  of  correspond- 
ence till  a  special  committee  was  appointed.-  On  the  seventeenth  of  May, 
1774,  such  a  committee  was  chosen,  consisting  of  nine  persons,  of  which 
Colonel  Pickering  was  one.  On  the  thirteenth  of  March.  1775,  thirty  per- 
sons were  chosen  as  a  Committee  of  Safety.  Colonel  Pickering  was  also 
on  this  committee,  as  were  his  brother  John  Pickering,   and  his  brothers- 


in-law  George  Williams  and  Israel  Dodye.  On  this  same  thirteenth  of 
March,  1775,  Colonel  Pickering  and  four  others  were  made  a  committee  on 
minute-men,  and  the  mounting  of  field-pieces.  On  the  sixteenth  of  October 
of  the  same  year,  he  was  the  first  one  nominated  on  a  Committee  of  Safety 
and  Correspondence.  In  March,  177G,  he  was  appointed  chairman  of  the 
Committee  of  Correspondence,  Inspection,  and  Safety,  which  consisted  of 
fifteen  persons. 

He  was  the  author  of  the  address  from  the  inhabitants  of  Salem  to 
General  Gage  on  the  Boston  Port  Bill,  —  an  address  that  was  highly 
praised  in  an  article  supposed  to  have  been  written  by  Edmund  Burke. 

In  October,  1774,  Colonel  Pickering  was  elected  Register  of  Deeds  of 
Essex  County  to  fill  the  vacancy  caused  by  the  death  of  John  Higginson. 
He  held  this  office  till  May,  1777,  when  he  resigned  to  fill  the  oflice  of 
Adjutant-General  of  the  United  States  Army.  He  was  succeeded  as 
Register  of  Deeds  by  his  brother  John. 

In  September,  1775,  he  was  commissioned  a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  in 
the  same  autumn,  he  was  appointed  a  justice  of  the  Inferior  Court  of  Com- 
mon Pleas  for  Essex  County.  On  the  twelfth  of  December,  1775,  he  was 
commissioned  and  sworn  as  the  sole  judge  of  the  Maritime  Court  for  the 
counties  of  Suff'olk,  Essex,  and  Middlesex.  This  was  an  oflice  of  high 
responsibility,  for,  as  a  great  many  priA-ateers  were  fitted  out  by  merchants 
and  others,  property  to  a  large  amount  was  frequently  in  question. 

In  the  year  1775,  Colonel  Pickering  published  a  duodecimo  volume  of 
about  one  hundred  and  fifty  pages,  with  copper-plate  engravings,  entitled  "An 
easy  Plan  of  Discipline  for  a  Militia."  It  was  not  a  mere  compilation,  but 
a  work  containing  many  suggestions,  the  results  of  his  own  observation 
and  reflections.  By  a  Resolve  of  the  Council  and  the  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives of  Massachusetts  Bay,  of  May  1,  1776,  it  was  ordered  that  this 
"  Plan  of  Discipline  "  should,  for  the  future,  be  used  and  practised  by  the 
militia  of  the  Colony.  The  work  passed  to  a  second  edition,  and,  as  late  as 
1799,  General  Hoyt  of  Deerfield,  who  had  written  a  treatise  for  the  instruc- 
tion of  the  militia  of  Massachusetts,  on  sending  to  Colonel  Pickering  a 
copy  of  the  treatise,  expressed  his  indebtedness  to  Colonel  Pickering's  work 
in  the  preparation  of  his  own.     The  "  Plan  of  Discipline  "  was  superseded 


by  the  work  afterward  published  by  Baron  Steuben,  "  ReguLitions  for  the 
Infantry  of  the  United  States,''  and  Colonel  Pickering  superintended  the 
publication  of  the  first  edition  of  this  new  work,  and  bestowed  a  great  deal 
of  pains  on  it,  that  it  might  be  brought  out  as  accurately  as  possible. 

On  February  13,  1775,  he  was  elected  Colonel  of  the  First  Regiment 
of  Essex  County  ^lilitia,  and  received  his  commission  from  the  royal 
government.  He  held  this  office  for  some  time  after  he  had  joined  the 
army  of  the  United  States  in  1777.  It  is' generally  understood  that  he 
was  present  at  the  North  Bridge  when  Colonel  Leslie  attempted  to  capture 
the  cannon  that  were  stored  in  the  North  Field,  Salem ;  and  the  accounts 
of  the  affair  printed  in  the  Essex  Gazette  have  been  attributed  to  him. 

April  19,  1775,  he  led  his  regiment  to  assist  the  colonists  on  that  event- 
ful day,  but  arrived  too  late.  The  afiray  at  Lexington  had  already  taken 
place,  and  the  British  were  on  their  return  to  Boston  when  Colonel  Picker- 
ing and  his  men  reached  Medford.  Colonel  Pickering's  behavior  on  this 
occasion  has  been  the  subject  of  adverse  criticism,  but  a  careful  inquiry 
into  the  facts  of  the  case  show  clearly  that  his  conduct  was  all  that  could 
be  desired  from  a  brave  and  careful  officer.  Dec.  5,  1776,  he  collected  a 
regiment  of  seven  hundred  men  who  marched  under  his  command,  and 
went  through  the  campaign  in  New  York  and  New  Jersey.  The  campaign 
ended  April  1,  1777. 

Colonel  Pickering's  reputation,  and  his  frequent  visits  at  headquarters, 
made  so  favorable  an  impression  on  General  Washington  that  he  wrote 
him  an  urgent  letter,  dated  March  30,  1777,  ofi'ering  him  the  post  of 
Adjutant-General,  which  he  declined  at  first,  but  afterwards  accepted.  In 
reference  to  this  appointment  General  Washington  says  in  his  letter  to  the 
President  of  the  Congress  :  — 

"  This  conduct,  in  preference  of  Col.  Pickering,  I  was  induced  to  ndopt  from 
the  high  character  I  had  of  him,  both  as  a  great  militarj'  genius  cultivated  by  an 
industrious  attention  to  the  study  of  war,  and  as  a  gentleman  of  liberal  education,  dis- 
tinguished zeal,  and  great  method  and  activity  in  business."  ^ 

Colonel  Pickering  left  Salem  on  the  second  of  June,  1777,  arriving  at 
headquarters  on  the  seventeenth.    The  next  day  his  appointment  as  Adjutant- 

'  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  135. 


General  was  announced  by  a  general  order  issued  at  headquarters.  His 
position  as  a  member  of  General  Washington's  military  family,  he  wrote, 
was  a  happy  one,  but  one  of  unremitting  toil  owing  to  the  arduous  character 
of  his  duties. 

The  Continental  Board  of  War,  pre^-ious  to  Oct.  17,  1777,  consisted  of 
members  of  Congress.  Ou  that  date,  the  War  Office  was  remodelled,  and 
it  was  resolved  that  three  persons,  who  were  not  members  of  Congress, 
should  constitute  the  Board.  Their  powers  and  duties  were  many  and 
very  important,  and  corresponded  in  general  to  those  of  a  Secretary  of  War. 
On  the  seventh  of  November,  1777,  Colonel  Pickering  was  elected  one  of 
the  members  of  this  Board,  but  he  continued  to  perform  the  duties  of 
Adjutant-General  until  the  thirteenth  of  the  following  January. 

On  the  tenth  and  twelfth  of  January,  1778,  he  was  chosen  by  Congress 
on  a  committee  to  go  to  General  Washington's  headquarters  and  concert 
with  him  a  reform  in  tlie  arrangement  of  the  aruiy  ;  but  on  the  twentieth 
it  was  resolved  that  tlie  members  of  the  Board  of  War  should  be  excused 
from  attending  on  that  business. 

On  Jan.  20,  1780,  he  was  appointed  one  of  three  commissioners  to 
inquire  into  the  expenses  of  the  Staff  department  and  the  means  of  retrench- 
ing the  same.  The  plan  for  conducting  the  Quartermaster's  department,  as 
revised  by  these  commissioners,  was  adopted  by  Congress  on  the  fifteenth  of 
July  of  the  same  year.  General  Greene,  who  w\as,  at  that  time,  Quarter- 
master-General, was  so  much  dissatisfied  with  the  new  aiTangement,  that 
he  resigned  his  office.  It  was  now  necessary  to  find  some  one  else  to  fill 
this  position,  —  a  position  suiTOunded  b}'  such  difficulties,  that  even  General 
Greene,  with  his  brilliant  talents  and  indomitable  energy  and  industry,  was 
unwilling  to  encounter  them.  Colonel  Pickering  was  asked  by  Roger  Sher- 
man, a  member  of  Congress,  if  he  would  accept  the  office  ;  and  on  Aug.  5, 
1780,  Congress  unanimously  elected  him  to  fill  the  vacancy.  By  a  resolve 
of  Congress,  he  was  to  continue  to  be  a  member  of  the  Board  of  War,  but 
his  power  and  pay  were  suspended  as  long  as  he  was  Quartermaster- 
General.  He  was  to  have  the  rank  of  colonel,  and  the  pay  and  rations  of 
a  brigadier-general.  He  continued  to  hold  this  position  until  July  25, 
1785,  when  the  office  was   abolished. 


Having  been  eiigageil  in  public  affairs  from  the  beginning  of  the  disjmte 
with  Great  Britain,  and  in  the  service  of  the  United  States  since  November, 
1776,  and  having  been  prevented  from  paying  the  smallest  attention  to  his 
private  concerns,  he  began,  in  the  year  1782,  to  think  of  looking  about  for 
some  means  of  support.  Oppressed  ^vith  the  labors  and  perplexities  of  his 
office  he  writes  to  his  wife,  on  Sept.  0,  1782,  as  follows :  — 

"This  war  once  over  I  shall  wish  to  abandon  forever  all  public  emjiloyments.  To 
mark  the  progress  of  my  growing  trees,  the  increasing  culture  of  my  land,  to  reap  the 
fruits  of  my  own  labor,  to  enjoy  them  with  you  and  our  smiling  offspring,  will  yield 
more  solid  joys  than  the  highest  otBces,  than  the  most  splendid  titles,  or  than  princely 

To  his  brother  he  writes  ;  — 

"Yet  many  times  the  trials  of  my  patience  are  so  severe,  the  difficulties  and  vexa- 
tions I  am  obliged  often  to  encounter  are  so  intolerable  that  1  am  frequently  on  the 
point  of  resolving  to  quit  an  office  so  burdensome,  and  a  service  so  ungrateful.  No 
personal  considerations  would  indeed  tempt  me  to  continue.  My  greatest  source  of 
relief  is  in  the  prospect  of  a  speedy  termination  of  the  war." 

General  Washington,  having  received  froni  a  committee  of  Congress  a 
letter  asking  his  opinion  on  militar}'  establishments  pniper  to  be  adopted 
by  the  United  States  on  the  conclusion  of  the  war,  requested  some  of  the 
principal  officers  of  the  army,  and  among  them  Colonel  Pickering,  to  give 
him  their  opinions  upon  the  subject.  Colonel  Pickering,  in  his  report, 
suggests  establishing  a  military  seminary  at  West  Point. 

Upon  the  organization  of  the  society  of  the  Cincinnati,  on  May  13,  1783, 
Colonel  Pickering  became  a  meudjer.  His  diploma,  however,  is  dated  Oct. 
31,  1785.  He  originally  joined  the  Pennsylvania  Society,  but  subsequently 
became  a  member  of  the  JMassachusetts  Society  bv  right  of  residence." 
The  succession  has  continued  directly  in  the  male  line  of  the  Pickering 
family,  the  present  incumbent  being  Colonel  Pickering's  great-grandson, 
Mr.  John  Pickering  of  Salem. 

>  The  Life  of  Timotliy  Pickering,  by  Ontavius  Pickerinsr,  Vol.  I.  p.  MA. 
'  Memorials  of  the   Massachusetts  Society  of  the  Cincinnati,  edited  by  James  JI. 
Bugbee,  p.  393. 


Nov.  15,  17^3,  Colonel  Pickering'  was  one  of  a  committee  to  present 
the  address  to  General  Washington  in  repl\-  to  his  Farewell  Address.  This 
reply  was  probablv  written  bv  the  Colonel  liiniself. 

Colonel  Pickering  had  been  looking  forward  with  the  retin-n  of  peace 
to  engaging  in  some  commercial  bnsiness,  the  public  service  not  furnishing 
sufficient  maintenance  for  his  growing  family.  Soon  after  the  arrival  of  the 
news  that  peace  had  been  made  with  Great  Britain,  he  proceeded  to  carry 
mto  effect  his  long  contemplated  plan  of  going  into  business  as  a  merchant. 
He  therefore  entered  into  a  co-partnership  with  Major  Samuel  Hodgdon, 
the  articles  of  agreement  being  dated  May  10,  1783.  By  these  it  was 
agreed  that  the  partnership  should  continue  for  two  years,  under  the  fii-m 
name  of  Pickering  &  Hodgdon  ;  but,  as  it  proved,  the  connection  was 
continued  much  longer.  The  business,  however,  did  not  answer  Colonel 
Pickering's  expectations,  as  it  did  not  yield  him  an  income  sufficient  for 
the  support  of  his  family.  His  tastes  and  characteristics  did  not  adapt  him 
to  a  life  of  trade.  He  had  always  prefei-red  agriculture  to  any  other 
pursuit.  He  was  devoted  to  its  study  and  interests,  and  no  private  business 
or  pTiblic  employment  could  exclude  it  from  his  thoughts  or  divert  his 
attention  from  it.  He  read  all  he  could  find  in  print  on  the  subject ;  and 
it  occupied  a  large  space  in  his  voluminous  correspondence.  His  agricul- 
tural knowledge  and  judgment  were  recognized  by  all.  He  was  a  practical 
as  well  as  a  scientific  farmer,  and  was  especially  distinguished  as  a  plough- 
man. When  he  was  over  seventy-five  years  of  age,  in  competitive  trials 
with  the  farmers  of  Essex  County,  he  bore  off  the  first  premium  at  a 
ploughing  match.  With  such  tastes,  it  was  natural  for  him  to  turn  his 
attention  to  the  vast  tracts  of  unimproved  lands  that  were  open  to  settle- 
ment in  the  West.  His  circumstances  at  this  time  (1786)  compelled  him 
to  take  decisive  steps  in  some  direction.  He  was  then  over  forty  years 
of  age,  and  had  a  large  and  growing  family  which  was  dependent  upon 
him  for  support.  In  company  with  others,  he  bought  large  tracts  of  wild 
lands.  Some  of  these  lands  lay  in  the  new  county  of  Luzerne,  Pennsyl- 
vania, and  in  October,  1786,  he  was  appointed  to  a  number  of  the  county 
offices,  namely.  Judge  and  Clerk  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas,  Clerk 
of  the  Court  of  Sessions,  and  Clerk  of  the  Orphan's  Court. 


He  was  now  to  be  a  settler  in  the  wilderness,  a  backwoodsman ;  and 
it  became  his  whole  ambition  to  restore  peace  and  quiet  among  rude  men 
who  had  been  wrangling  and  fighting  for  more  than  thirty  years. 

On  the  afternoon  of  July  10,  1787,  Colonel  Pickering  and  his  family  set 
out  from  Philadelphia  for  their  new  home  at  Wyoming.  The  party  con- 
glsted  of  the  Colonel,  his  wife,  and  their  foui-  boys, — Timothy,  Henry, 
Charles,  and  William, —  together  with  Miss  Elizabeth  White,  his  wife's  sister, 
besides  a  number  of  servants,  and  men  hired  to  work  on  the  farm.  The 
Colonel's  son  John  was  ^vith  his  uncle  in  Salem.  After  a  journey  attended 
with  much  hardship  and  many  trials,  the  party  reached  Wyoming.  Colonel 
Pickering  at  once  busied  himself  with  bringing  his  land  into  good  condi- 
tion, and  attending  to  his  public  duties.  He  devoted  himself  to  the  admin- 
istration of  the  law,  and  attempted  to  establish  peace  and  order.  But  his 
life  here  was  not  to  be  a  quiet  one.  The  Pennsylvania  Commissioners  were 
so  strict  in  their  application  of  the  law,  that  they  brought  down  upon  them- 
selves the  wrath  of  the  settlers,  and  were  obliged  to  flee.  One  of  the 
leaders  in  the  uprising  was  arrested  by  the  aid  of  Colonel  Pickering,  and, 
from  this  circumstance,  the  Colonel  became  an  object  of  popular  indigna- 
tion. He  was  compelled  to  leave  his  home,  and  was  finally  obliged  to  seek 
safety  at  Philadelphia.  Here  he  remained  till  January,  1788.  In  Novem- 
ber, 1787,  he  was  appointed  delegate  from  Luzerne  County  to  the  Conven- 
tion to  ratify  the  United  States  Constitution.  xVgainst  his  wife's  wishes, 
he  ventured  to  return  to  Wyoming.  She  feared  that  the  feeling  of  bitter- 
ness toward  him  in  Luzerne  County  had  not  sufficiently  subsided.  Her 
fears  proved  to  be  too  well  founded.  On  the  night  of  June  26,  1788,  he 
was  wakened  by  a  masked  band,  who  entered  the  house,  bound  him,  and 
carried  him  off.  Their  purpose  in  abducting  him  was  to  obtain  the  release 
of  Franklin,  the  leader  of  the  insurgents  who  had  driven  away  the  com- 
missioners. Colonel  Pickering  was  in  captivity  nineteen  days,  and  for 
most  of  this  time  he  was  well  treated.  Those  of  his  abductors  who  had  not 
fled  the  county  were  an-ested,  tried,  convicted,  and  sentenced  to  fine  and 
imprisonment.  But  as  they  had  committed  no  outrage  upon  his  person, 
they  were  all  discharged  or  suffered  to  escape,  after  they  had  been  shut  up 
in  jail  for  a  time.     Peace  being  at  last  established   in  his  county,    and 


health  in  his  liousL-hold,  he  was  now  able  to  devote  himself  to  his  favorite 
pursuit  of  husbandry. 

Before  he  had  settled  at  Wyoming,  he  had  intended  to  go  elsewhere  to 
establish  a  home  for  himself  and  his  family,  and  had  disposed  of  his  avail- 
able means  in  purchasing  twelve  thousand  acres  of  new  land  in  "Western 
Pennsylvania.  L?csides  this,  he  had  bought,  in  company  with  ]\Iajor 
Hodgdon,  two  thousand  five  hundred  acres  of  land  situated  eighteen  miles 
above  Wyoming,  and  five  thousand  acres  on  the  south  side  of  the  Ohio 
River,  about  three  miles  from  ^Marietta  in  what  was  then  Western  Virginia 
and  is  now  Kentucky.  As  settlement  had  not  yet  reached  these  lands, 
they  remained  unsalable,  and  this  was  the  source  of  some  pecuniary 
emban-assment  to  Colonel  Pickering.  His  friends  in  Massachusetts  were 
much  troubled  about  his  financial  matters ;  for  he  had  become  so  involved 
in  land  speculations  that  much  of  his  salary  was  absorbed  by  them.  His 
idea  in  buying  the  land  was  to  pro\'ide  extensive  and  valuable  landed 
estates  for  his  sons.  But  his  sons  had  no  taste  for  farming,  and  only  one 
of  them  ever  followed  that  pursuit,  and  he  only  for  a  sliort  time. 

In  1789,  Colonel  Pickering  was  chosen  a  delegate  to  the  convention 
which  was  held  for  the  purpose  of  changing  the  Constitution  of  Pennsyl- 
vania, and  here  he  also  exerted  himself  in  behalf  of  education.  In  Septem- 
ber, 1790,  he  was  asked  by  General  Washington  to  go  on  a  mission  to  the 
Seneca  Indians  to  appease  their  i^esentment,  which  had  been  roused  by  the 
murder  of  two  of  their  tribe  on  the  west  branch  of  the  Susquehanna  River. 
He  went  to  meet  them  on  Oct.  17,  1790,  and  the  result  was  satisfactory  to 
the  government.  This  conference  at  Tioga  Point  was  only  the  beginning 
of  his  important  service  in  connection  with  the  Indians. 

There  was  much  in  his  aspect,  deportment,  and  character  that  gave 
him  great  influence  over  the  Red  Men.  His  lofty  stature,  for  he  was  six 
feet  tall,  his  broad  atliletic  frame  and  great  muscular  development,  the 
strength  that  marked  his  movements,  his  tread,  and  gesture,  the  manliness 
of  his  bearing,  his  phvsical  hardihood,  and  the  energy,  courage,  and  finnness 
stamped  on  his  face,  his  words,  and  actions,  were  just  the  characteristics 
which  the  Indians  admired.  He  possessed  also  that  mastery  over  his  feat- 
ures which  is  the  greatest  pride  of  an  Indian  to  exhibit.     Although  he  was 


naturally  demonstrative  when  in  conversation  or  debate,  liis  face  was  wont 
to  subside,  when  he  was  silent,  into  an  immovable  and  impassive  composure 
which  nothings  could  break.  No  external  novelty,  excitement,  or  peiil,  no 
bodily  discomfort  or  pain,  and  no  depth  or  force  of  internal  passion  or 
sentiment  could  disturb  the  resolute  repose  of  his  features. 

The  good-will  and  confidence  of  the  Indians  toward  him  was  shown 
bv  their  bestowing  upon  him  the  highest  compliment  they  could  pay  a 
white  man.  They  gave  him  an  Indian  title  like  that  which  they  bestowed 
upon  their  leading  sachems  and  warriors.  The  name  they  gave  was  Conni- 
sauti,  which  means  the  sunny  side  of  a  hill. 

The  government  contemplated  making  a  rigorous  campaign  against  tlie 
Indians  northwest  of  the  Ohio,  and  Colonel  Pickering  was  offered  the 
position  of  Quartermaster,  which  he  declined.  Shortly  afterwards,  early 
in  June,  1791,  he  was  sent  on  another  mission  to  the  Indians.  On  this 
occasion  his  son  Timothy  went  with  him.  He  concluded  a  treaty  with  the 
Six  Nations  by  which  friendly  relations  were  confirmed  between  them  and 
the  United  States.  In  the  spring  of  1792,  he  and  General  Knox  con- 
ducted the  negotiations  with  the  representatives  of  the  Six  Nations  at 

Colonel  Pickering's  pecuniary  af?;iirs  became  so  seriously  emlxirrassed 
at  this  time  that  he  felt  under  the  necessity  of  obtaining  some  public  em- 
ployment. He  applied  to  the  government  for  an  office,  and  on  Aug.  14, 
1791,  he  was  appointed  Postmaster-General  on  the  resignation  of  Sauuiel 
Osgood.  On  receiving  this  appointment,  he  immediately  resigned  his  state 

In  May,  1792,  his  family  removed  from  "Wyoming  to  Philadelphia, 
where  he  had  hired  a  house  on  Second  Street.  On  March  1,  1703,  he  was 
confirmed  with  others  as  a  commissioner  to  regulate  peace  with  the  North- 
western Indians.  The  mission  was  unsuccessful.  The  Indians  preferred 
war;  but,  within  a  year's  time,  on  Nov.  11,  1794,  they  were  overthrown  by 
General  Wayne  at  Maumee  Rapids.  Colonel  Pickering  afterwards  negoti- 
ated a  treaty  with  the  Six  Nations  at  Canandaigua,  and  tliis  completed  his 
Indian  services.  In  the  course  of  his  Indian  career,  he  had  held  confer- 
ences with  the  tribes  on  five  occasions,  and  by  his  influence  over  them  he 


had  restrained  them  from  joining-  in  tlie  war  against  the  United  States. 
These  services  were  greatly  valued  by  both  Washington  and  Knox.  To 
bis  dying  day,  Colonel  Pickering  was  deeply  interested  in  the  civilization 
of  the  Indians,  and  there  was  no  part  of  his  long  and  varied  public  services 
which  he  considered  more  important  than  his  diplomatic  missions  to  these 

On  the  twenty-eighth  of  December,  1794,  General  Knox  resigned  his 
position  as  Secretary  of  War,  and  on  the  second  of  January,  1795,  Colonel 
Pickering  was  appointed  to  this  office,  which  then  included  the  management 
of  the  Army,  the  Navy,  and  Indian  Affairs.  On  the  resignation  of  Randolph, 
the  Secretary  of  State,  which  took  place  Aug  19,  1795,  Colonel  Pickering 
was  appointed  to  fill  that  position  temporarily,  and,  in  December  of  the 
same  year,  he  was  appointed  Secretary  of  State. 

While  Colonel  Pickering  was  acting  Secretary  of  State,  and  was  con- 
ducting the  foreign  relations  of  the  country  at  a  very  critical  time,  he  con- 
tinued to  hold  the  office  of  Secretary  of  War,  and  conducted  important  and 
voluminous  coiTespondence  with  General  Wayne,  the  Commander-in-Chief 
of  the  Northern  Army.  At  the  same  time  he  was  charged  with  the  adminis- 
tration of  the  Navy  in  its  infancy,  and  was  particularly  occupied  and  inter- 
ested in  building  the  three  frigates  destined  to  win  the  naval  triumphs  of 
the  War  of  1812.  He  also  provided  for  the  navy-yards  and  the  supply 
and  equipment  of  vessels  ;  he  appointed  the  officers,  assigned  them  their 
stations,  and  decided  what  cruises  they  should  take.  His  coiTespondence, 
sustained  and  corroborated  by  the  public  records  and  archives,  shows  that 
he  was  fully  equal  to  the  work.  He  bore  his  great  burden  easily  and 
steadily.  No  Secretary  of  State  ever  enjoyed  the  confidence  of  his  asso- 
ciates and  of  his  official  subordinates,  the  respect  of  the  representatives  of 
the  country  abroad,  or  the  esteem  and  good-will  of  foreign  officials,  to  a 
greater  degree  than  he  did  during  the  administration  of  Washington. 

After  his  regular  appointment  as  Secretary  of  State,  several  affairs  of 
much  importance,  which  properly  belonged  to  the  office  of  Secretary  of 
War,  were  left  in  his  hands. 

During  Colonel  Pickering's  administration  of  the  State  Department,  its 
duties  were  very  complicated  and  laborious.     Almost  all  the  papers  and 


letters  were  written  by  the  Secretary's  own  hand.  When  the  great  num- 
ber of  these  documents  is  taken  into  consideration,  it  can  be  seen  what  an 
enormous  amount  of  writing  he  must  have  done. 

He  was  dismissed  from  the  office  of  Secretary  of  State  on  May  12, 
1800,  on  account  of  the  bitter  feeHngs,  arising  from  political  and  personal 
causes,  which  President  Adams  had  conceived  against  him.  At  that  time 
he  had  been  nine  years  in  the  various  branches  of  the  administration  of  the 
United  States.  He  had  served  as  Indian  negotiator,  as  Postmaster-General, 
as  Secretary  of  War,  and  as  Secretary  of  State.  As  Postmaster-General  he 
was  at  the  head  of  a  bureau  in  the  Treasury  ;  while,  as  Secretary  of  War, 
he  was  in  charge  of  the  Navy  as  well  as  of  the  Army,  and  superintended 
the  Indian  affairs  of  the  country.  As  Secretary  of  State,  he  not  only  con- 
ducted the  intercourse  with  other  nations,  but  all  business  connected  with 
the  teriitories,  the  patents,  the  mint,  and  the  census.  He  had,  in  fact,  at 
different  times,  under  his  guiding  hand,  the  whole  working  machinery  of 
the  government.  The  State  Papers  show  the  ability,  the  industry,  and  the 
fidelity  of  his  service,  —  a  service  more  various  and  extensive  in  its  range 
than  the  duties  which  any  other  one  man  has  probably  ever  been  called 
upon  to  discharge.  Throughout  all  his  labors,  and  especially  when  he 
was  Secretary  of  State,  he  had  the  steady  approval  of  Washington.  All 
bis  associates  in  the  Cabinet  bore  cordial  and  grateful  testimony  to  the 
value  of  his  services.  Madison,  who  succeeded  him,  except  for  a  brief 
interval,  as  Secretary  of  State,  declared  that  the  records  of  the  State  De- 
partment gave  evidence  of  ability  on  the  part  of  Colonel  Pickering  that  he 
had  never  known  surpassed. 

During  his  official  life,  Colonel  Pickering  made  his  home  in  Philadelphia. 
His  house  was  always  open  to  his  friends,  thougli  his  naiTow  income  obliged 
him  to  forego  all  fashionable  entertainments.  Wljen  Colonel  Pickering  re- 
turned to  private  life,  he  had  no  income  with  which  to  support  his  family. 
He  accordingly  made  up  his  mind  to  resume  his  life  as  a  farmer,  and  he 
wrote  to  his  relations  of  his  intentions ;  but  his  project  met  with  their  de- 
cided disapproval.  With  the  hope  of  dissuading  him  from  what  seemed 
to  them  a  wild  scheme.  Judge  Samuel  Putnam  [54-55.  VI.  lOJ"]  and  Timo- 
thy  Williams   [52.  VI.   90]   went  to  Philadelphia,   but  could  not  prevail 


upon  liiin  to  give  up  lii.s  plan.  As  luouey  was  necossary  to  cany  out  liis 
pi-ojectri,  he  asked  Lis  relatious  to  lend  him  two  thousand  dollars ;  and, 
although  his  friends  in  ^^fassachusetts  differed  with  him  on  the  subject  of 
his  plans,  they  made  arrangements  to  seud  him  tlic  money. 

At  the  end  of  June,  everything  was  ready,  and  Colonel  Pickering  started 
in  high  spirits  on  his  bold  enterprise.  His  destination  was  the  Great  Bend 
in  what  is  now  the  County  of  Susquehanna,  near  the  northeast  corner  of 
the  State.  Here  he  stayed  till  he  had  finished  the  season's  work.  On  Dec. 
10,  1800,  he  returned  to  his  family  at  Easton.  Taking  advantage  of  this 
first  leisure  which  he  had  been  able  to  command,  he  decided  to  visit  his 
relations  in  ^Massachusetts.  He  reached  Salem  the  third  of  February.  Up 
to  this  time,  there  had  been  no  death  among  his  fsxther's  children.  All 
their  families  were  in  prosperous  circumstances,  several  of  them  were  rich, 
and  all  were  respectably  connected. 

The  Colonel's  arrival  among  them  was  hailed  with  delight ;  and  rela- 
tives and  friends  joined  in  extending  to  him  a  hearty  welcome,  which  was 
very  gratifying  to  him.  The  enthusiasm  of  his  reception  increased  the 
earnestness  of  his  relatives,  friends,  and  fellow-citizens  to  bring  him  back 
to  his  old  home.  They  were  willing  and  able  to  put  him  in  a  position 
where  labor  would  be  unnecessary ;  but  he  could  not  be  prevailed  upon  to 
accept  assistance  in  the  shape  of  downright  gifts. 

To  accomplish  their  purpose,  his  friends  resorted  to  stratagem.  In- 
stead of  remonstrating  against  his  burying  himself  in  the  wilds  of  Penn- 
sylvania, they  manifested  a  lively  interest  in  his  enterprise.  It  was  made 
the  topic  of  frequent  conversation.  He  expressed  himself  as  confident 
that  before  many  3'ears  he  would  be  able  to  sell  enough  of  his  lands  to 
be  able  to  return  and  live  permanently  among  them,  and  stated  that  he 
certainly  would  come  back  to  Salem,  when  his  sales  of  land  enabled  him 
to  do  so.  When  lie  had  been  led  to  give  this  conditional  promise,  and  had 
repeated  it  so  often  that  he  could  not  retract  it,  his  friends  felt  that  he  was 
in  their  power. 

One  day  Judge  Samuel  Putnam  [54-55.  VI.  102]  called  upon  him,  and 
said  he  had  1:)een  requested  to  learn  at  what  price  he  would  sell  some  of 
his  tracts  of  land.     He  stated  the  amount  of  the  land,  and  a  price  which 


amoimtcd  to  thirty-three  thousand  three  hundred  dollars  for  the  whole. 
The  gentlemen  whom  Judge  Putnam  represented  agreed  to  pay  him  the 
price  that  he  asked.  They  divided  the  property  into  three  hundred  and 
thirt3--three  shares  at  one  hundred  dollars  each.  Eighty-three  of  these 
Colonel  Pickering  reserved  for  himself  Thirty-four  gentlemen  from 
among  his  friends  and  relations  paid  him  twenty-five  thousand  dollars 
for  the  remaining  two  hundred  and  fifty  shares.  Colonel  Pickering  was 
made  their  agent  to  look  after  the  projierty,  and  was  given  full  power 
to  dispose  of  it.     If  he  sold  it,  he  was  to  have  a  commission  on  the  sale. 

To  have  disposed  of  so  large  a  portion  of  his  lands  at  his  own  price, 
was  very  gratifying  to  Colonel  Pickering.  He  began  the  world  again,  with 
what  was  considered  in  those  days  a  very  respectable  estate ;  and  he  made 
up  his  mind  to  make  his  permanent  home  in  Massachusetts.  He  returned 
to  Salem  in  November,  1801,  just  twenty-four  j-ears  after  he  had  left  it. 

Colonel  Pickering,  at  the  time  when  this  sale  of  land  took  place,  looked 
upon  it  in  a  purely  business  light,  and  was  confident  that  his  friends  would 
find  the  investment  a  profitable  one.  In  point  of  fact,  however,  the  trans- 
action amounted  to  neither  more  nor  less  than  a  present  to  Colonel  Picker- 
ing of  twenty-five  thousand  dollars.  After  he  had  removed  to  ]\Iassachu- 
setts,  he  began  to  see  it  in  this  light,  and  duly  appreciated  the  kindness 
and  generosity  of  his  friends.  They  did  not  want  the  land  and  doubt- 
less could  have  invested  their  money  with  greater  pecuniary  advantage. 
They  certainly  did  not  want  to  make  a  single  dollar  from  the  purchase, 
for,  on  the  death  of  Alexander  Hamilton,  they  deeded  the  whole  of  the 
lands  to  his  heirs.  From  sales  of  these  lands,  which  afterwards  took 
place,  it  is  evident  that  the  Colonel  did  not  overestimate  their  value. 

Early  in  1802,  Colonel  Pickering  hired  a  farm  in  Danvers.  In  1804, 
he  moved  to  a  farm  in  Beverly  ;  but  it  proved  to  be  unsuited  for  his  pur- 
pose, and  in  1806,  he  bought  the  Wenham  farm,  a  large  and  valuable 
estate,  with  a  large  house  upon  it  which  is  still  standing.  This  was  his 
happy  home  for  a  number  of  years. 

But  before  he  moved  away  from  Danvers,  he  had  already  been  called 
back  to  public  life.  A  man  of  his  abilities  was  not  permitted  to  remain  in 
retirement.     He   was  appointed   Chief-Justice  of  the  Court  of  Common 


Fleas  for  Essex  County,  and  took  his  scat  Sept.  28,  1802.  On  the  first  of 
November,  1802,  the  election  of  members  of  the  House  of  Representatives 
for  tlie  Eighth  Congress  took  place.  The  Federalists  of  the  Essex  South 
District  nominated  Colonel  Pickering.  The  Democratic  candidate,  Captain 
Jacob  Crowninsliield  was  elected  by  a  majority  of  one  hundred  and  seven 
votes.  A  feeling  pervaded  the  Democratic  party  that  it  was  of  the  greatest 
importance  to  keep  Colonel  Pickering  out  of  Congress.  His  talents,  cour- 
age, and  knowledge  of  public  affairs  led  to  an  apprehension,  fully  justified 
afterwai-ds,  that  he  would  prove  a  formidable  antagonist.  For  tliis  reason, 
desperate  and  unscrupulous  means  were  employed  to  defeat  his  election. 
The  most  reckless  falsehoods  and  calumnies  were  put  in  circulation  by  a 
pai'tisan  press,  and  scattered  througliout  the  district.  But  his  defeat  led 
to  his  being  placed  almost  immediately  in  a  more  conspicuous  position, 
where  he  acted  a  distinguished  part  for  eight  years. 

A  vacancy  ]ia\*ing  occurred  in  the  United  States  Senate,  by  the  resig- 
nation of  the  Hon.  Dwight  Foster,  Colonel  Pickering  was  elected  as  his 
successor  by  the  ^lassachusetts  Legislature,  and  took  his  seat  Oct.  17, 
1803.  On  Dec.  2.  1805,  he  again  took  his  seat  as  a  senator  from  Massa- 
chusetts in  the  Ninth  Congress,  for  the  term  of  six  years  from  the  fourth 
of  March,   1805. 

Colonel  Pickering  took  part  in  the  Senate  debates  in  opposition  to  the 
Louisiana  Treaty  and  to  the  Amendment  of  the  Constitution  in  relation  to 
the  Election  of  President  and  Vice-President.  He  supported  Judge  Sam- 
uel Chase  in  the  impeachment  proceedings,  and  asked  leave  to  introduce  a 
resolution  for  the  appointment  of  Representatives  and  direct  taxes  accord- 
ing to  the  number  of  free  inluibitants,  in  pursuance  of  instructions  from  the 
Massachusetts  Legislature.  He  favored  measures  for  internal  improve- 
ments, voted  in  favor  of  the  re-charter  of  the  United  States  Bank,  and 
made  several  speeches  against  tlie  Embargo  which  were  extensively  ciixu- 
lated.  The  opposition  to  this  measure  created  the  enmity  of  his  political 
opponents,  who  showed  it  in  eveiy  form.  He  was  hung  in  effigy,  and 
a  printed  notice  of  when  and  where  it  was  to  take  place  was  sent  to  him. 
An  accusation  charging  him  with  having  embezzled  seventy-five  thousand 
dollars    of  the  public   money   was  made  and  put  into  circulation   in  the 


form  of  printed  liuml-bills.  The  wliulc  thing'  was  dedared  to  bo  utterly 
without  foundation  by  a  Democratic  Secretary  of  the  Treasury  and  a 
Democratic  Congressional  Committee. 

In  the  third  session  of  the  Eleventh  Congress  he  delivered  a  speech  on 
the  "  Occupation  of  West  Florida."  In  the  course  of  it  he  read  a  letter 
that  had  been  wi-itten  by  Talleyrand  to  the  American  Minister  at  Paris, 
dated  Dec.  21,  1S04.  As  this  letter  had  never  been  communicated  to  the 
Senate  as  a  public  document,  for  the  reason  that  at  that  time  injury  might 
have  been  done  to  our  ]tlinister  or  our  afiairs  abroad,  one  of  the  rules  of 
the  Senate,  strictly  and  arbitrarily  interpreted,  had  been  infringed  l)y  him. 
Colonel  Pickering's  political  opponents,  who  constituted  an  overwhelming 
majority  in  the  Senate,  felt  that  the}'  now  had  him  in  their  power.  The 
result  was  a  vote  of  censure  by  the  Senate.  Colonel  Pickering,  with  that 
strict  integrity  that  had  ever  characterized  him,  was  unwilling  to  escape  the 
censure  of  the  Senate  under  the  cover  of  the  plea  of  "  indiscretion,"  for  lie 
knew  it  to  be  in  conflict  with  truth.  He  declared  that  he  had  acted  deliber- 
ately and  considerately  in  the  matter,  and  was  fully  aware  that  the  injunc- 
tion of  secrecy  had  not  been  formally  removed.  He  had,  however, 
regarded  it  as  removed  by  the  lapse  of  time,  and  had  reason  to  suppose 
that  the  Senate  so  regarded  it,  inasmuch  as  other  Senators  had  referred  to 
the  letter  without  objection,  and  that  all  were  willing-  to  have  evidence  pro- 
duced which  was  no  longer  required  to  be  kept  as  a  state  secret,  and  which 
was  important  in  guiding  the  deliberations  of  the  Senate  on  a  legislative 
measure  then  pending. 

It  was  a  severe  act  on  the  part  of  his  enemies,  which  he  felt  was  dic- 
tated by  party  malice.  All  allowed  that  he  had  borne  himself  with  candor, 
manliness,  and  integrity  in  his  defence,  and  the  result  was  that  instead  of 
being  injured  his  popularity  increased. 

During  a  portion  of  the  time  while  he  was  in  the  Senate,  the  Demo- 
cratic party  was  in  power  in  Massachusetts.  As  a  Senator  in  Congress, 
Colonel  Pickering  regarded  the  Legislature  of  Massachusetts  as  his  constitu- 
ency, with  which  he  should  communicate  through  the  governor  of  the  State. 
On  the  sixteenth  of  February,  1808,  he  sent  to  Governor  Sullivan  a  paper 
to  be  laid  before  the  State  Lejrislatare,  which  was  then  in  session.     It  was 


entitled,  "  A  Letter  from  Timothy  Pickering,  a  Senator  of  the  United 
States  from  the  State  of  Massachusetts,  exhibiting  to  his  Constituents  a 
View  of  tlie  imminent  Danger  of  an  imnecessary  and  ruinous  War.  Ad- 
dressed to  his  Excellency,  James  Sullivan,  Governor  of  the  said  State." 

Governor  Sullivan  did  not  see  fit  to  present  this  to  the  Legislature,  and 
returned  it  to  Colonel  Pickering.  Colonel  Pickering  then  sent  it  to  his 
friends  in  Massachusetts,  who  caused  it  to  be  printed  in  pamphlet  form. 
It  related  chiefly  to  the  Embargo,  and  its  aim  was  to  check  that  pohcy  of 
the  government  and  those  prejudices  of  tlie  people  which  were  tending  to 
bring  on  a  war  with  England  and  to  subserve  the  purposes  of  France. 
The  letter  gave  great  satisfaction  to  Colonel  Pickering's  friends ;  and  the 
party  in  power  felt  it  to  be  so  adapted  to  produce  its  designed  effect,  that 
all  kinds  of  abuse  were  heaped  upon  its  author.  The  letter  went  through 
many  editions,  and  it  was  estimated  that  more  than  twenty-five  thousand 
of  the  pamphlets  were  printed,  and  nearly  double  that  number  of  copies 
appeared  in  the  newspapers. 

During  the  latter  part  of  his  service  in  the  Senate,  he  prepared  a  series 
of  articles  on  the  current  political  history  of  the  country.  These  papers 
were  addressed  to  the  public,  and  were  printed  in  the  newspapers.  The 
first  numbers  appeared  in  the  Baltimore  Federal  Republican,  and  the  later 
articles  in  the  Salem  Gazette.  They  were  reprinted  in  Federal  journals  in  all 
parts  of  the  country  ;  and,  after  the  conclusion  of  the  series,  they  were  pub- 
lished in  England,  without  Colonel  Pickering's  knowledge,  in  a  volume  of 
one  hundred  and  sixty-eight  pages.  On  a  fly-leaf  of  a  copy  of  this  English 
volume,  Colonel  Pickering  states  that  there  are  many  errors  in  the  edition, 
and  that  the  thirteenth  letter  has  been  wholly  omitted.  These  letters  give 
a  strong,  bold,  and,  from  his  point  of  view,  an  honest  representation  ot  the 
party  politics  of  tliat  day.  They  delighted  his  Federal  friends,  and  equally 
incensed  his  Democratic  opponents. 

In  the  Twelfth  Congress,  Colonel  Pickering  was  succeeded,  as  Senator 
from  Massachusetts,  by  a  prominent  Democrat,  the  Democratic  party  at  that 
time  controlling  the  State.  On  Nov.  2,  1812,  he  was  elected  representative 
of  the  Essex  North  District  in  the  Thirteenth  Congress  by  an  overwhelming 
majority,  receiving  all  but  one  hundred  and  three  of  the  votes  cast.     He 


entered  the  House  of  Representatives  at  the  same  time  with  Daniel  Webster. 
In  September,  1814,  he  was  appointed  one  of  a  Board  of  Commissioners  for 
Sea  Coast  Defence  in  Massachusetts,  and  later  he  was  put  at  the  head  of 
the  Massachusetts  Board  of  War.  In  November,  1814,  he  was  elected 
a  representative  in  the  Fourteenth  Congress.  This  wns  the  last  political 
position  he  ever  held  by  popular  election.  His  public  life  closed  with  the 
expiration  of  Congress,  ]March  3,  1817.  It  may  be  considered  as  dating 
back  to  1776,  wluu  he  marched  witli  his  regiment  to  join  the  army  of 
Washington  in  New  Jersey.  Including  as  it  did  both  military  and  civil 
services,  it  covered,  with  brief  intervals,  a  period  of  more  than  forty  years. 
On  May  Dl,  1817,  he  was  elected,  by  the  Legislature  of  Massachusetts, 
a  member  of  the  Executive  Council,  where  he  served  for  one  year.  It  was 
while  he  was  a  councillor  that  he  wrote  to  the  Hon.  John  Randolph  of 
Roanoke  :  — 

"  I  have  never  had  occasion  to  keep  my  bed  one  day  in  my  life." 

On  the  expiration  of  his  service  in  the  Executive  Council,  Colonel  Pick- 
ering entered  upon  the  life  of  a  farmer,  —  a  life  which  he  had  always  pre- 
ferred to  any  other.  He  became  the  president  of  the  Essex  Agricultural 
Society,  and  he  held  this  position  until  lie  resigned,  in  1828.  While  living 
in  Philadelphia,  he  had  become  one  of  the  early  members  of  the  Philadel- 
phia Society  for  the  Improvement  of  Agriculture,  and  had  been  appointed 
its  secretary. 

In  compliance  with  the  request  of  his  son  Henry,  he  prepared,  during 
the  year  1818,  an  account  of  his  experiences  in  Wyoming  iu  the  form  of  a 
letter  to  his  son.     This  letter  was  afterward  printed. 

Henry  Pickering  had  long  desired  the  removal  of  the  family  from  Wen- 
ham  to  Salem,  and,  in  the  spring  of  1820,  the  change  was  made.  The  farm 
was  put  in  the  charge  of  a  tenant,  who  agreed  to  allow  Colonel  Pickering  to 
use  the  house  on  week  days  during  the  spring  and  summer,  and  to  partici- 
pate in  the  care  of  the  farm.  This  arrangement  continued  until  Colonel 
Pickering's  death. 

The  following  letter  of  William  Driver,  dated  Dec.  13,  1884,  is  taken 
from  the  Record  Book  of  Francis  H.  Lee  [1.  IX.  9]  of  Salem. 


"  Timothy  Pickering  lived  some  time  ia  the  Piclvering'  house  o]JiiMsite  the  grave- 
yard. His  overseer  was  James  Thornton.  The  last  time  I  saw  the  old  gentle- 
man he  had  on  a  farmer's  frock,  buii'  smalls,  Conamara  stockings,  low  shoes 
with  broad  straps  and  silver  buckles  ;  and  with  a  three  cornered  scraper  was  win- 
nowing hay  in  the  long  held  on  Flint  street  between  Putnam's  corner  and  Ratty 
Reads  as  we  used  to  call  him.  He  seemed  to  be  working  for  exercise  and  looked 
so  happy.  He  was  a  good  man  who  had  stepi)ed  from  high  political  position  to 
free  citizenship,  with  a  smile  on  his  face  worthy  of  American  citizenship  and  the 
office  he  held." 

On  March  12,  1821,  the  Colonel  was  elected  chairman  of  the  Scliool  Com- 
mittee of  Salem.  In  1801,  he  met  President  Adams  at  a  dinner.  In  1816, 
he  met  him  at  the  house  of  Josiah  Quiucy.  In  1817,  they  were  both  pres- 
ent at  the  dinner  given  in  Boston  to  President  Monroe.  On  each  of  these 
occasions,  they  met  without  any  want  of  cordiality;  and,  in  1823,  a  friendly 
correspondence  ensued  in  reference  to  the  approaching  celebration  of  the 
anniversary  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence.  But  the  friendly  rela- 
tions which  were  thus  renewed  were  again  broken  by  an  occurrence  which 
took  place  in  this  same  year.  Between  180-3  and  1812,  a  private  coiTe- 
spondence  was  carried  on  by  John  Adams  with  his  friend  and  relation, 
William  Cunningham.  It  was  strictly  confidential,  and  Mr.  Adams  espe- 
cially enjoined  his  correspondent  not  to  let  it  come  before  the  public.  In 
his  letters  to  Mr.  Cunningham,  Mr.  Adams,  in  the  most  unguarded  manner, 
expressed  his  views  about  several  public  men  with  whom  he  had  been  at 
variance,  and  spoke  in  particularly  bitter  terms  of  Colonel  Pickering.  In 
1823,  Mr.  Cunningham's  son  allowed  the  correspondence  to  be  published. 
The  way  in  which  Colonel  Pickering  was  assailed  impelled  him  to  take  no- 
tice of  the  attack,  and,  in  1824,  appeared  his  "Review  of  the  Correspon- 
dence between  Honorable  John  Adams,  late  President  of  the  United  States, 
and  the  late  William  Cunningham,  Esq." 

The  Re\-iew  was  a  production  of  great  ability.  Considering  the  age 
of  its  author,  who  was  on  the  verge  of  eighty  when  he  wrote  it,  the  paper 
is  really  remarkable.  It  occupies  one  hundred  and  forty  printed  pages. 
It  is  a  source  of  invaluable  information  respecting  the  violent  party  conflict 
of  the  period  which  it  covered.  At  the  time  of  its  appearance,  it  produced 
a  deep  and  wide  sensation.     The  first  edition  was  at  once  exhausted.     The 


Review  was  circulated  all  over  the  country,  filled  the  newspapers,  and  for 
years  afforded  a  topic  for  political  discussion. 

Colonel  Pickering  had  entertained  the  purpose  of  devoting  the  leisure  of 
his  last  years  to  the  preparation  of  a  political  history  of  his  own  time;  but 
he  was  diverted  from  his  project  by  the  earnest  solicitations  of  Alexander 
Hamilton's  family  and  friends,  who  wished  him  to  write  Hamilton's  life. 
fie  consented,  and  began  to  work  upon  the  book;  but  he  died  without 
completing  it. 

Colonel  Pickering  was  decidedly  opposed  to  slavery.  His  dislike  of  it 
appears  in  the  answer  he  gave  Mr.  Hodgdon,  wlui  informed  him  that  a 
negro  girl  had  been  brought  into  Philadelj[)hia  in  a  prize  vessel,  and  would 
be  probably  sold. 

"  My  wife  would  be  well  pleased  with  tlic  services  of  the  negro  girl,  if  she  is  a 
good  one,  .  .  .  but  we  will  never  have  a  slave.  ...  If,  however,  the  owner  were  to 
consent  to  let  us  have  her  for  five,  sis,  or  seven  years,  at  a  reasonable  price,  the  gh-1 
then  to  be  free,  we  shall  be  wilUng  and  glad  to  have  her."  ^ 

This  repugnance  to  slavery,  and  his  opposition  to  its  extension,  is  still 
further  shown  in  his  con-espondence  and  views  in  reference  to  the  ordi- 
nance for  settling  the  Nortlnvestern  Territory.  In  a  letter  on  this  subject, 
dated  at  Philadelphia,  March  8,  1785,  he  concludes  as  follows :    — 

"  There  is  one  article  in  the  report  of  the  committee  on  which  that  act  was  made, 
which  I  am  extremely  sorry  to  see  was  omitted  in  the  act.  The  committee  proposed, 
that  after  the  year  1800  there  should  be  no  slavery  in  the  new  States.  I  hardly  have 
patience  to  write  on  a  subject  in  which  what  is  right  is  so  obvious  and  so  just,  and 
what  is  wrong  is  so  derogatory  to  Americans  above  all  men,  so  inhuman  and  iniqui- 
tous iu  itself." 

In  another  letter  he  resumed  the  subject ;  — 

"  In  looking  over  the  Act  of  Congress  of  the  23d.  of  Api-il  last,  and  the  present 
report  of  an  ordinance,  relative  to  these  lands,  I  observe  there  is  no  provision  made 
for  ministers  of  the  gospel,  nor  even  for  schools  and  academies.  The  latter  might 
have  been  brought  into  view ;  though,  after  the  admission  of  Slavery,  it  was  riglit  to 
say  nothing  of  Christianity."  - 

»  The  Life  of  Timothy  Tii-kering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  I.  p.  291. 
=■  Ibid.  Vol.  I.  pp.  508-510. 


Althougli  he  would  never  own  a  slave,  as  prize  agent,  acting  as  factor 
in  connection  with  admiralty  cases,  and  under  the  then  law  and  usage,  he 
had  sometimes  to  discharge  what  must  liavo  been  a  very  painful  duty;  for 
when  slaves  were  taken  by  the  enemy  as  prize  property,  they  had  to  be 
sold  back  to  slavery. 

The  personal  courage  of  Colonel  Pickering  was  never  a  question  in  any 
one's  mind.  An  officer,  feeling  himself  wronged,  sent  him  a  challenge 
The  Colonel  stated  to  the  beai-er  of  it  that  in  no  event  would  he  light  a 
duel ;  but  if  in  any  way  he  had  wronged  their  friend,  of  which  he  was 
wholly  unconscious,  he  would  repair  the  wrong.  On  an  examination,  and 
becoming  satisfied  that  the  difficulty  had  risen  from  a  misapprehension 
on  his  part,  which  had  led  to  certain  expressions  of  which  the  gentleman 
complained,  he  made  all  the  explanatory  statements  which  truth  and  jus- 
tice required.  Before  the  Revolution,  he  declined  a  challenge  from  a  sur- 
geon of  the  British  Army  with  whom  he  had  engaged  in  a  bitter  newspaper 
controversy  on  tlie  sul>ject  of  the  establishment  of  a  small-pox  hospital. 
The  doctor  notified  him  that  he  should  attack  him  at  sight  and  wherever 
met.  Colonel  Pickering  sent  back  word  that  "he  would  find  him  as  ready 
to  protect  his  person  against  an  assassin  as  the  community  against  a  quack 
and  impostor." 

Colonel  Pickering  had  considerable  talent  as  a  musician.  He  had  a  nice 
ear,  a  pleasing  voice,  and  his  taste  was  good.  He  owned  a  spinet,  and 
took  lessons  on  the  violin  ;  and,  in  176-i,  he  gave  instruction  in  sacred  music 
to  classes  in  Salem  and  ilarblehead.  One  of  his  college  classmates  writes 
that  the  class  was  more  indeljted  to  him  fir  instruction  in  nuisic  than  to  the 
teacher.  His  music-book,  which  is  in  a  fine  state  of  preservation,  is  in  the 
possession  of  his  grandson,  Henry  Pickering  of  Boston.  It  is  filled  with 
rules,  hymns,  etc.,  very  neatly  written,  and  bears  the  date  1762,  —  all  in 
his  own  handwriting  and  signed  by  him.  xV  printed  prefoce  to  the  book 
bears  the  date  1721.  Mr.  Henr}-  Pickering  also  owns  Colonel  Pickering's 
Testament,  dated  1756,  and  several  other  heirlooms.  Among  these  is  a 
lock  of  his  hair,  cut  ofi"  the  morning  when  he  died,  and  an  old  silver 
watch,  which,  from  the  hall  mark,  we  should  judge  w\as  made  in  1738. 
A  heliotype  of  this  watch  and  seal  is  given  facing  page  12. 


Colonel  Pickering-  was  an  excellent  n.-ader ;  and  his  conversational  pow- 
ers were  of  a  high  order.  His  voice  was  well  modulated  and  finely  tnned. 
His  manner  was  dramatic ;  and  his  countenance  and  intonation  were  ex- 
pressive. He  was  always  interested  in  education.  Mr.  Samuel  Phillips 
corresponded  with  him  at  the  time  he  was  founding  Phillips  Academy  at 
Andover.  Colonel  Pickering  also  corresponded  with  Noah  Webster  and 
otiiers  on  this  subject.  His  especial  efforts  were  directed  to  bringing  into 
notice  improved  text-books  for  schools. 

Princeton  College  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of  Doctor  of  Laws, 
and,  at  the  time  of  receiving  the  degree,  the  president  of  the  college  wrote 
to  him  as  follows  :  — 

"The  public  has  lona:  since  decreed  you  higher  honors  than  the  college  has  it  in 
its  power  to  bestow.  What  she  is  able  to  give,  she  is  [iroud  to  bestow  on  so  able  and 
upright  a  statesman.  You  have  left  no  douijt  on  the  mind  of  \o\w  country  of  your 
talents  as  a  civilian,  and  a  master  of  the  public  law  of  nature  and  nations." 

To  many  of  his  contemporaries  Colonel  Pickering  seemed  a  man  of  for- 
bidding sternness  ;  and  the  idea  was  the  more  readily  accepted  because  of  the 
earnestness  and  even  the  vehemence  with  which  he  often  expressed  himself 
in  his  speeches,  writings,  and  conversations  against  political  or  other  abuses, 
and  the  authors  of  them.  But  his  private  letters  show  that  his  disposition 
was  marked  by  habitual  benevolence  and  a  ready  sympathy.  He  was 
neither  malignant  nor  unforgiving;  on  the  contrary,  tliere  was  a  great  deal 
of  kindness  and  tenderness  in  his  nature.  This  was  particularly  shown  in 
his  treatment  of  little  children. 

His  truthfulness  of  character  often  led  him  to  say,  both  in  his  writings 
and  in  debate,  what  men  who  were  considered  more  prudent  would  have 
suppressed.  Whatever  he  did  say,  was  said  plainly,  with  emphatic  force 
and  Avithout  disguise.  In  his  personal  intercourse  with  others,  and  in  his 
correspondence,  he  always  scrupulously  shunned  any  conventional  phrase- 
ology that  seemed  to  him  extravagant  or  misleading.  He  was.  however, 
polite  in  his  deportment  and  respectful  in  his  bearing  towards  persons  of 
all  conditions,  and  even  courtly  in  his  manners.  Colonel  Pickering  could 
not  tolerate  anything  that  savored  of  display  in  dress.     The  plain  and  semi- 


Quaker  simplicity  of  his  garb,  and  the  total  absence  of  anything-  fashion- 
able in  his  api)arel,  was  particularly  noticeable.  In  a  letter  to  his  wife, 
dated  at  Philadulphi.i,  July  8,  1778,  he  speaks  of  the  great  height  of  the 
headdresses  of  the  ladies,  and  adds: — ■ 

"The  qiiakers  excepted  who  dress  as  usual  with  a  becoming  simplicity.  You 
may  easily  imagine  how  much  I  look  like  one  of  y"  brotherhood  when  you  have 
dressed  me  up  iu  my  greyish  coat  and  brown  hat  with  my  straight  thin  lucks  unpow- 
dered.     But  be  assured  my  dear,  I  am  not  singular  in  my  plainness."  ^ 

The  stem  boldness  of  his  forcible  expressions,  irritating  and  ex- 
asperating as  tlie}-  were  to  political  oi)p<>nent3  in  heated  party  strife, 
never  appeared  in  private  or  social  intercourse.  The  dignity  of  his 
manner,  and  the  force  of  his  character,  far  from  being  obstacles  in  his 
way,  were  of  the  greatest  assistance  to  him  in  the  conduct  of  diplomatic 

One  of  Colonel  Pickering's  marked  characteristics  was  the  warmth  of  his 
personal  friendships.  The  relations  between  him  and  General  Washington 
are  evident  to  any  one  who  reads  his  life.  The  con-espondence  between 
them  was  frequent,  extensive,  and  most  confidential.  Their  letters,  espe- 
cially in  the  last  years  of  Washington's  life,  indicate  a  personal  friendship 
quite  unusual  with  the  President.  Throughout  theu-  long  con-espondence, 
and  intimate  official  interviews,  Washington's  opinion  of  his  friend  is  plain, 
—  an  opinion  which  he  expressed  in  the  presence  of  a  large  company  at 
Mount  Vernon,  not  long  before  he  died  :  — 

"  If  There  is  a  genuine  Patriot  in  this  Country  [and  I  believe  there  are  many] 
Timothy  Pickering  is  pre-eminent."' 

But  although  this  warm  friendship  certainly  existed  between  them. 
Colonel  Pickering  did  not  hold  tliat  uncpialificd  admiration  for  Washing- 
ton's military  talents  that  many  held.  Although  he  did  not  consider  him  a 
military  hero,  nor  a  man  of  exalted  military  genius,  he  was  always  ready 
to  recognize  and  to  admire  the  earnest  fortitude  which  no  danger  or  adverse 
fortune  could  shake,  the   unselfishness  and  the   devoted  patriotism   which 

•  His  sister,  Mrs.  Clarke,  once  said  to  him  "  Well  brother  Tim,  you  are  despert 


were  such  noted  parts  of  "Washington's  character.  He  considered  that 
Washington's  talents  were  much  better  adapted  to  the  presidency  of  the 
United  States,  than  to  the  command  of  their  armies. 

Probably  but  very  few  of  the  officers  of  the  army  had  made  so  complete 
a  study  of  the  military  arts  as  Colonel  Pickering. 

Colonel  Pickering  was  brought  up  a  Trinitarian,  and  joined  tlie  Third 
Church  at  Salem,  of  which  his  father,  and  three  of  his  brothers-in-law,  were 
also  members.  In  1777,  however,  his  views  changed,  and  he  became  an 

Entirely  without  bigotry,  and  a  reverent  believer  in  Christianity,  he 
wrote  a  number  of  articles  for  the  newspapers  on  the  subject  of  church 
government,  and  during  his  residence  in  Pliiladelphia  he  was  a  regular 
attendant  at  the  Second  Presbyterian  Church,  though  he  could  not  accept 
the  theology  that  was  preached  there. 

Sunday,  Jan.  4,  1829,  was  an  extremely  cold  day;  but  Colonel  Picker- 
ing was  accustomed  to  attend  church  in  all  weather,  and  started  out  as 
usual.  His  son  Henry  tried  to  persitade  liim  to  wear  his  cloak  over  his 
surtout,  but  without  avail.  '  It  was  so  bitterly  cold  that  he  suffered  in  going 
to  and  from  church,  and,  while  in  church,  he  remained  chilled.  On  reach- 
ing home  he  complained  of  feeling  unwell,  and  did  not  eat  any  dinner,  but 
went  to  his  room.  He  joined  the  family  at  tea,  but  appeared  more  than 
usually  serious.  In  the  coiu'se  of  the  evening  he  read  aloud  Buckminster's 
sermon,  from  the  text  "  It  is  good  for  me  that  I  have  been  afflicted."  For  a 
day  or  two  afterwards  he  was  not  well,  but,  by  observing  his  practice  of 
living  upon  broth  and  simple  food,  and  keeping  indoors,  he  seemed  to  be 
recovering.  Venturing  out,  however,  too  soon,  a  relapse  took  place  that 
baffled  all  remedies.  Dr.  James  Jackson  of  Boston  joined  in  consultation 
with  his  own  physician,  Dr.  A.  L.  Peirson,  and  Dr.  Jolin  D.  Treadwcll  [19. 
VII.  IW]  was  called  in.  His  case  became  hopeless  however ;  and  he  was 
informed  of  his  condition,  and  expressed  his  willingness  to  die.  The  final 
release  occun-ed  at  eight  o'clock  on  Thursday  morning,  Jan.  29,  1829.  The 
event  was  noticed  by  the  newspapers  throughout  the  country,  and  high 
tributes  were  paid  him  on  every  hand. 

The  burial  took  place  on  Saturday  afternoon  of  Jan.  3 1st,  attended  by 


a  vast  concourse  of  tlie  people  of  Saleui  and  of  the  neighboring-  towns,  in- 
cluding many  distinguished  persons  from  remote  places. 

A  discourse  was  delivered  :it  the  time  of  Colonel  Pickering's  death  by 
the  Rev.  Charles  W.  L'jiliam.  It  was  afterwards  printed,  with  an  appendix 
whicli  liad  api)eaicMl  in  tlie  Salem  Gazette  of  Jan.  oU,  1829/  and  has  been 
reprinted  in  Tlu;  Life  of  Timotliy  Pickering. 

The  following  is  a  list  of  portraits  of  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering,  made 
out  by  his  son  Henry  Pickering,  and  written  on  the  back  of  a  portrait  of 
his  father  (now  in  the  I'ickering  House  in  Salem),  and  dated  Salem,  Mass., 
Oct.,  1817. 

"Portrait   painted   by   S.   L.  Waldo  at  New   York   Meli.  1817   owned  by  John 

"  Another  painted  by  Wuod  at  Washinstou  in  tlie  winter  of  181.5-1816  for  Ham- 
mond Dorsey  of  Maryland.     In  possession  of  Hammond  Dorscy.^ 
"  Another  painted  by  Gilbert  Stuart  at  Boston  June  1814  in  possession  of  Alex' 

Contee  Hanson  of  Maryland.* 
"Another  painted  by  Gilbert  Stuart  in  Sept.  1808  for  William  Pratt,  of  which  Mr. 

Henry  Pickering  has  a  copy.^ 
"  Another  [a  chalk  drawing  of  sizo  of  life  now  at  tlie  house  of  Mr.  Israel  Podge  of 

Salem]  was  executed  at  Washington  by  St.  Meniin  a  French  emigrant  in  tlie 

winter  of  180;j-1804.« 
"Another  of  the  snme  [small  life  and  drawn  in  crayon]   now  at  Wenham  was 

executed  by  an  English  artist  of   the  name  of  Sharpless  at  Philadelphia  in 

"Another  in  oil  was  painted  by  Charles   Wilson  Pcele  of  Philadelphia  for  his 

museum  in  1795. 

*  A  Discourse,  Delivered  ou  the  Sabbath  after  the  decease  of  the  Hon.  Timothy  Pick- 
ering, by  Charles  ^\".  Upham,  Junior  Pastor  of  the  Pirst  Church,  Salem,  Foote  &  Brown, 
Court  Street,  1S29. 

^  Now  in  the  possession  of  the  family  at  the  Pickering  House,  Salem. 
'  Xow  in  the  possession  of  his  dau,c,'hter,  I\Irs.  Thomas  Donaldson. 

*  Now  in  the  possession  of  his  niece,  ^trs.  Thomas  Donaldson. 

*  Now  in  the  possession  of  ilr.  Pratt's  grandson,  Eobert  M.  Pratt,  of  Boston. 

'  Perhaps  the  same  tliat  is  in  the  possession  of  Israel  Dodge's  great-granddaughter, 
Mrs.  Frederick  A.  Whitwell,  of  Boston,  Jtass. 

'  Possibly  this  is  the  same  [pastel]  now  in  the  possession  of  Colonel  Pickering's  grand- 
son, Henry  Pickering,  of  Boston,  Mass. 



"  N.  B.  I  am  informed  by  my  futlicr  that  the'  distiuguislied  Goa'  Kosciusko  once 
drevp-  with  a  pencil  a  likeness  of  him  upon  a  leaf  of  his  [my  f's]  pocket  book,  but  this 
in  time  was  obliterated.     This  was  at  Yorktown  in  Penn.  in  1786. 

"  Another  head  of  him  [miniature  size  also]  was  slightly  sketched  in  the  same 
style  by  Col.  Rogers  of  Maryland  [aid  de  camp  of  Baron  de  Kalb]  while  my  father 
was  writing  some  despatches  at  Whitemarsh  near  Philadelphia,  where  the  American 
Army  lay  encamped.     It  is  in  possession  of  the  family  and  was  done  in  1787." 

Besides  the  above  there  are  the  following  portraits  of  Colonel 
Pickernig :  — 

A  miniature  by  C.  Catlin.  In  the  possession  of  W.  Meredith  Esq.  of  Philadel- 
phia.    It  was  engraved  by  J.  B.  Longrave. 

A  miniature,  said  to  be  by  Trumbull,  now  in  the  posse.'^sion  of  Colonel  Picker- 
ing's great-grandson  Charles  P.  Bowditcli.  It  was  given  by  Colonel  Pickering 
to  Ebenezer  Bowman,  and  later  by  his  son-in-law  Dr.  .Miner  to  R.  S.  Ross. 
Miss  Mary  L.  Bowman  of  Wilkes  Barre,  Pa.  gave  it  to  Mr.  Bowditch. 

A  portrait  in  Independence  Hall,  Philadelphia. 

A  portrait  by  Frothingham,  painted  about  1818,  formerly  owned  by  Pickering 
Dodge  [59.  YI.  123],  now  in  the  possession  of  the  heirs  of  the  late  Mrs.  John 
H.  Silsbee  [59.  YII.  343]. 

A  small  portrait  in  pastel  drawn  by  Sharpless  about  1790,  in  the  possession  of 
Robert  C.  Winthrop  [48.  IX.  944]. 

A  portrait  now  at  West  Point.  This  portrait  was  sent  from  the  United  States 
War  Department  in  1875  or  1870  to  the  United  States  Military  Academy. 
No  record  has  been  found  of  its  early  liistory. 

From  a  letter  Colonel  Pickering  wrote  to  his  wife,  dated  April  1.5,  1S27, 
it  would  appear  that  Chester  Harding  painted  his  portrait  in  that  year.  In 
this  letter  he  savs  :  — 

"  I  contemplate  going  to  Boston  on  Friday  of  next  week  which  will  lic  the  27th. 
instant,  and  to  stay  until  the  followimr  ilonday.  This  will  allow  Mr.  Harding  sit- 
tings enongh  to  finish  my  portrait." 

Miss  Sarah  Goodrich  made  a  copy  of  the  Pratt  portrait  of  Colonel 
Pickering,  as  appears  from  the  following :  — 

"  Portrait  of  the  Hon.  Tim''  Pickering,  copied  by  Sarah  Goodridge  of  Boston  from 
the  fine  original  by  Stuart  in  the  possession  of  William  Pratt,  Esq.,  of  Boston.  My 
Father  sat  to  Stuart  I  think  when  he  was  about  63  years  of  age ;  <fc  of  the  original,  of 
which  this  is  a  copy,  Allston  has  said  that  the  coloring  was  scarcely  inferior  to 
Titian's.     Salem  26  Jan'v.  1828.     II.  Pickering" 


This  copy  is  now  in  the  possession  of  Colonel  Pickering's  great-grand- 
son, Charles  P.  Bowditch. 

The  engraving  given  of  Colonel  Pickering  is  from  the  portrait  by 
Stuart,  now  in  possession  of  Robert  M.  Pratt  [52.  VIII.  590]. 

The  is  an  abstract  of  the  will  of  Colonel  Pickering,  whicli  is 
dated  May  15,  1S27,  and  was  proved  Feb.  17,  1829 :  — 

ity  executors  to  take  possession  of  all  my  real  estate  in  Essex  County,  and  to 
manage  it  as  best  tliey  can,  and  to  apply  the  income,  together  with  my  personal  prop- 
erty, or  the  proceeds  or  income  tiiereof,  for  the  comfortable  support  of  my  wife  and 
my  daugliter-in-law  Lurena  Pickering;  but  if  my  executors  judge  it  expedient,  in 
order  to  obtiiin  a  better  income  for  them,  they  are  empowered  to  sell  the  real  estate 
and  place  the  money  in  some  productive  stock  or  funds.  My  executors  to  have  full 
power  to  sell  my  lands  in  the  states  of  Pennsylvania,  Ohio,  Virginia  and  Kentucky 
and  to  place  the  money  at  interest.  After  the  death  of  my  wife  my  executors  to 
reserve  as  much  of  my  estate,  real  and  personal,  as  is  required  for  the  suitable  sup- 
port of  my  said  daughter-in-law,  in  case  she  should  survive  her  mother,  and  then  all 
of  the  residue  and  remainder  to  be  disposed  of  by  my  executors  among  ray  children 
and  grandchildren,  varying  the  distribution  according  to  their  circumstances.  Jly 
sons  John  Pickering,  and  Octavius  Pickering,  and  my  son-in-law  Benjamin  Ropes 
Nichols,  to  be  executors  of  my  will. 

In  a  letter  to  his  executoi-s,  bearing  the  same  date  as  his  will,  after  re- 
citing the  circumstances  of  his  son  Henry,  he  reminds  them  of  the  clause 
in  his  will  concerning  the  final  distribution  of  his  property,  in  which  they 
were  to  vary  the  distribution,  giving  his  heirs  more  or  less,  according  to 
their  circumstances,  and  adds  :  — 

"  But,  above  all,  bearing  in  kind  remembrance  my  son  Henry  to  whom  we  are  all 
so  much  indeljted  for  his  pecuniary  disl>ursement,  so  generously  and  so  aifectionately 
made  to  all  the  branches  of  the  family."  "  To  him  therefore  I  would  have  you  trans- 
fer, by  proper  conveyance,  all  my  real  estate  in  this  county  or,  if  previously  sold  as 
directed  in  my  will,  then  the  net  proceeds  therefrom  to  bo  enjoyed  by  him  and  his 
heirs  and  assigns.  And  this  appropriation  to  Henry,  should  ho  again  acquire  the 
means  of  living  independently  of  it,  will  probably  result  only  in  a  suspension  of  a  dis- 
tribution of  it  among  dillereut  bram^hes  of  my  family."  ^ 

A  plain,  massive  monument  of  Chelmsford  granite  has  been  erected 
over  the  remains  of  Colonel  and  Mrs.  Pickering,  in  the  Broad  Street  ground, 

*  The  Life  of  Timotliy  Pickering,  by  Charles  "W.  Upham,  Vol.  IV.  pp.  4L'3-428 ;  also 
Essex  County  Probate  Ptecords,  Vol.  407,  pp.  35-38;  files,  No.  21,822. 



opposite  tlie  family  mansion.  The  bodies  were  placed  in  the  same  grave, 
on  the  south  side  of  the  graves  of  his  parents,  in  conformity  to  a  wish  he 
expressed  not  long  before  he  died.'  The  inscription  on  the  monument  is  as 
follows :  — 




HE    WAS 

AN    ASSERTER    OF    THE    RKillTS 


A    SOI.DrEi; 













SHE,    DURING    A    LIFE 






"  A    SPIRIT    MORE    GENTLE, 




HE    WAS    BORN    JULY    17,     1715, 

AND    SUE    ON    THE    18,    OF    THE    SAME    MONTH,    1754: 

SHE    DIED    AUCrST    14,    1828, 

HE,    JANUARY    29,    1829. 

*  This  sketch  has  been  made  up  from  the  four  volumps  of  Tlie  Life  of  Timothy  Picker- 
ing, written  by  his  son  Octavius  Pickering  and  Cliarles  W.  Upham. 


58.  V.  J^.  liebevca  White,  the  wife  of  Timothy  Pickering,  born  in 
Bristol,  EnyUind,  died  in  Salem. 

In  1765,  when  Mrs.  Pickering-  was  eleven  years  old,  she  came  with  her 
parents  to  this  country.  Her  mother  died  in  1770.  and  her  father  in  1771, 
leaving  her  an  or{)han  at  the  age  of  seventeen.  From  this  time  until  her 
man-iage,  her  home  was  with  her  relatives  of  the  "White  family.  The 
wedding  took  place  in  Bradford,  Mass.,  probably  at  the  residence  of  her 
aunt,  Mrs.  Mary  (White)  Edwards,  as  Colonel  Pickering's  letters,  still 
extant,  were  all  addressed  to  her  there.  The  original  publishment  of  their 
contemplated  man-iage,  which  is  still  in  possession  of  the  fiimily,  calls 
her  Rebecca  White  of  Bradford,  and  the  Bradford  Records  have  the  follow- 
ing entry :  — 

"  Apr.  8,  1776  Timothy  Pickering  Esq.  of  Salem  and  Rebecca  White  late  of  Bos- 
ton, Resident  of  Bradford  were  married." 

In  the  spring  of  1785,  her  only  sister,  Miss  Elizabeth  White  (usually 
called  "  Betsey ")  arrived  at  Philadelphia  from  England.  When  her 
parents  came  to  this  country  in  1765,  with  their  older  daughter  Rebecca, 
they  left  Elizabeth  at  a  1)oai-ding-school  in  London,  and  she  continued  to 
live  in  England  till  after  the  death  of  her  parents.  In  1783,  when  peace 
was  declared  with  Great  Britain,  Colonel  Pickering  wrote  her  a  very 
pressing  and  affectionate  letter,  inviting  her  to  make  his  house  her  future 
home ;  accordingly  she  came  inmiediatelv  to  her  sister's  house  in  Phila- 
delphia. She  afterwai-ds  married  a  'Sh:  Ruff  of  Philadelphia,  and  died 
without  children. 

Mrs.  Pickering  was  not  only  one  of  the  most  amiable  and  lovely  of 
■women,  but  a  woman  of  strong  character  and  great  bravery,  as  was  shown 
during  the  Revolutionary  War,  and  particularly  liy  her  spirited  conduct 
throughout  the  troubles  with  the  insurgents  of  Wyoming.  During  the 
war,  with  a  young  and  increasing  family,  she  cheerfully  complied  with 
the  wishes  and  arrangements  of  her  husband,  and  endured  without  a 
murmur  the  fatigues  and  perils  of  long  journeys,  and  the  inconveniences  of 
camp  life.  xVftcr  a  brief  peiiod  of  repose  in  Philadelphia,  she  removed  to 
Wyoming,  and  there   heroically  shared  with   her  husband   the   privations, 


[5S.     V.     21] 
From  the  ToRrRAir  ev  Gilhert  Stl-art,  palmed  ix  1S16-1S18,  now 


|p.jw..>j'ijj.».>,.i  .^mwwwra 



iJ^:  r^ 








\-  ■ 





sufferings,  and  ten-ors  incident  to  a  life  in  a  wilderness.  She  encountered 
without  complaint  or  question  all  the  hardships  brought  upon  her,  and 
developed  a  tirmness  and  energy  of  chanict(;r  equal  to  the  most  trying 

She  wholly  subordinated  her  will  and  judgment  to  her  husband's,  thus 
acquiring  a  controlling  influence  over  him  which  it  was  the  happiness  and 
pride  of  his  life  to  recognize.^ 

On  the  night  when  Colonel  Pickering  fled  to  Philadelphia,  Mrs.  Picker- 
ing's situation  was  a  trying  one.  The  rioters  gathered  around  the  house, 
and,  with  wild  yells  of  rage,  overpowered  and  disarmed  the  men-servants, 
forced  an  entrance  into  the  house,  and  ransacked  it  from  garret  to  cellar. 
It  was  a  night  of  horror  to  Mrs.  Pickering,  whose  youngest  child  was  but 
three  weeks  old.  The  shock  was  frightful,  and  for  a  short  time  she  was 
completely  prostrated,  but  she  soon  rallied. 

When,  in  the  course  of  a  few  days,  her  self-composure  returned,  and 
her  spirit  and  strength  re\-ived,  she  took  decided  measures.  She  resolved 
to  send  her  children  to  Philadelphia,  while  she  remained  at  her  post.  At 
the  same  time  she  wrote  to  her  husband  what  she  had  done,  and  entreated 
him  not  to  return. 

The  general  tone  of  Colonel  Pickering's  letters  to  his  wife  show  the 
confidence  he  had  in  her  judgment,  and  his  high  opinion  of  her  mental 
powers.  He  wrote  to  her,  not  only  on  domestic  and  private  matters,  but 
also  on  subjects  of  general  interest,  relating  to  sentiments  and  principles, 
questions  in  morals  and  religion,  public  events,  and  political  transactions, 
precisely  as  he  would  have  written  to  one  of  his  eminent  friends. 

Mrs.  Pickering  continued  to  the  close  of  her  life  most  lovely  in  her 
bearing,  and  her  fair  complexion  never  lost  its  beautiful  bloom.  She  was 
faithful  and  competent  in  can-ying  out  the  trusts  which  her  husband  placed 
upon  her,  and  she  followed  his  counsels  and  conducted  his  afi'airs  with  the 
utmost  care  and  judgment.  Xo  woman  ever  deserved  better  than  she  did  the 
most  honorable  title  a  wife  can  bear,  — a  helpmeet  for  her  husband.  Their 
married  life  left  nothing  to  be  desired.  Tliey  lived  together  fifty-two  years, 
and  he  treated  her  to  the  last  with  the  same  tender  courtesy  and  lively 

»  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  II.  p.  160. 


affection  which  he  manifested  towax'd  her  when  a  bride.  Her  death  was 
the  greatest  loss  that  couki  possibly  have  befallen  him.  Never  was  there 
a  more  perfect  instance  of  a  happy  wedded  life. 

At  her  deatli,  Judge  Wingate  writes  to  Colonel  Pickering :  — 

"  Her  amiable  qualities  of  mind  and  her  very  benevolent  and  affectionate  treat- 
ment of  her  friends,  bad  very  greatly  endeared  her  memory  to  us  all.  I  bad  peculiar 
reason  to  love  and  esteem  her  for  the  many  marks  of  friendship  I  have  received  from 

On  her  gravestone  are  these  lines  written  by  her  husband  :  — 

"  A  Spirit  more  gentle,  more  innocent,  more  pure  never  perhaps  appeared  in  the 
female  form."^ 

Her  granddaughter,  Mrs.  Thomas  Donaldson,  wintes  :  — 

"  My  grandmother  was  a  striking  contrast  to  her  husband,  she  slight  and  some- 
what smaller  than  the  average  woman,  very  quiet,  reserved  in  her  demeanor,  with 
marked  gentleness  in  movement  and  expression.  His  devotion  to  her  was  the  ten- 
derest  kind.  When  they  walked  together  it  was  always  arm-in-arm  after  the  fashion 
of  those  days — he  suiting  his  usual  gait  to  her  slow  and  somewhat  enfeebled  steps. 
After  her  death  which  took  place  a  year  before  my  grandfather's,  as  I  a  small  child 
was  sitting  in  his  room  alone  with  him  '  Who  do  you  miss  my  child '  exclaimed  he, 
his  voice  full  of  emotion,  and  his  eyes  filling  with  tears.  To  see  the  strong  old  man 
etirred  by  deep  grief,  and  his  voice  faltering,  made  an  impression  on  me  which  I 
never  forgot." 

The  following  obituary  of  Mrs.  Pickering  appeared  in  the  Essex  Register 
of  Monday,  Aug.  18,  1828:  — 

"  In  this  town,  on  Tuesday,  Mrs.  Rebecca  Pickering,  wife  of  the  Hon.  Timothy 
Pickering,  aged  74. 

"  All  who  enjoyed  the  privilege  of  knowing  this  lady,  unite  in  their  testimony, 
that  she  was  a  most  affectionate  wife,  a  kind  parent,  and  the  best  of  friends  ;  faithful 
to  all  the  duties  of  life,  and  most  exemplary  in  their  discharge.  Modest,  retiring, 
and  unobtrusive,  her  character  shone  with  that  softened  and  chastened  light  in  which 
woman  appears  loveliest,  best.  It  had  no  prominent  trait  which  stood  forth  in  bold 
relief,  shadowing  the  rest ;  but  like  the  prismatic  rays  of  the  bow,  each  blended  im- 
perceptibly its  beauties  with  the  other,  making  a  perfect  whole." 

>  This  sketch  is  principally  made  up  from  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles 
W.  Upham. 

.  y,,,.    m  ,  .  .^iiwijr.n.!     -Jtl  ■.'  .Jf  "■HW^y 


[59.     V.     25] 
From  the  Porirait  bv  Frothixgham,  painted  about  iSiS,  now  in  the 

POSSESSION    OF     THE    HEIRS    OF    THE    L^iTE    MrS.  JoHN    H.    SiLSBEE,   OF 


Tlio  engruving  of  ilr.s.  Pickering  is  from  lier  portrait  by  Stuart.  The 
picture  is  now  in  the  possession  of  her  grandson,  Henry  White  Pickering 
of  Boston. 

A  miniature  copy  of  this  picture  was  made  by  Miss  Sarah  Goodrich  and 
is  now  in  the  possession  of  Jlrs.  Pickering's  great-grandson,  Charles  P.  Bow- 
ditch.     On  tlie  back  of  this  miniature  is  the  following  memorandum :  — 

"Portrait  of  Rebecca  wife  of  Hon.  T.  Pickering:  copied  by  Sarah  Goodrich  from 
the  fine  original  by  Stuart  in  the  possession  of  Henry  Pickering,  ily  mother  sat  to 
Stuart  in  the  summer  of  1816,  in  the  dS**  year  of  her  age.     June  1829.  H.  Pickering." 

It  appears  that  the  portrait  was  not  finished  until  1818,  for  in  a  letter 
to  her  daughter,  Elizabeth  Dorsey,  dated  at  "Wenham,  May  5,  1818,  she 
writes :  — 

"The  14th.  of  last  month  your  father  met  the  Council.  He  had  consulted  with 
Mr.  Stewart  previous  to  that,  of  my  going  to  have  him  to  take  my  person,  my  face 
being  all  that  was  finished.  It  was  agreed  that  I  should  accompany  him.  At  that 
time  an  invitation  came  from  Mrs.  Lyman  to  go  to  her  house  which  I  did." 

Mrs.  Pickering  was  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Elizabeth  (Miller) 
White,  of  Bristol,  England.  Isaac  White  [49.  VI.  84^1  was  her  cousin. 
Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  White,  Bowles,  Heath,  Green, 
Jones,  Greenwood,  Allen,  Miller.     See  Ajs-cestrt  Tables  -^-g. 

59.  V.  25.  Lucia  Pickering  [Timothy  48-59.  IV.  9],  bom  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem.^ 

Mrs.  Dodge  is  said  by  her  granddaughter,  Mrs.  Nathaniel  Silsbee,  to 
have  been  a  woman  of  a  sweet  nature,  of  clear  intelligence,  of  deep  relig- 
ious feeling,  and  of  great  fortitude.     In  early  and  middle  life  she  had  little 

*  Most  of  the  authorities  agree  in  stating  her  birthday  as  Nov.  12, 1747.  The  Nichols 
Family  Kecords  give  it  as  Oct.  29,  1747,  0.  S.,  and  IMrs.  Nathaniel  Silsbee  gives  it  as  Nov. 
23,  1747.  The  date  of  her  marriage  is  given  by  several  authorities,  including  the  Town 
Records,  and  the  First  Church  Eecords,  as  June  17,  176G,  while  others  of  not  so  great 
value  give  it  as  Jan.  17,  1766.  Dr.  Wheatland,  Francis  H.  Lee.  and  the  Gardner  Family 
Eecords  give  the  date  of  her  death  as  Oct.  31.  1822,  while  the  Xichols  Family  Eecords, 
Mrs.  Nathaniel  Silsbee,  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IV.  p.  81,  and  Upham's 
Life  of  Timothy  Pickering  give  it  as  Nov.  1,  1822.  The  earlier  date  is  probably  correct, 
as  the  Salem  Register  of  Nov.  2  announces  her  burial  "  this  afternoon  at  three  o'clock." 


leisure  for  reading-,  but  Recs'  Encycloixedia  being  left  in  lier  charge,  she 
went  over  it  by  picking  out  all  that  suited  her  from  A  to  Z.  She  was  then 
between  sixty  and  sevent)-  years  old. 

She  is  the  subject  of  a  chapter  entitled  "  The  Grandmother  "  in  Mrs. 
Silsbee's  Httle  book,  "  A  Half  Century  in  Salem."  This  chapter  consists 
mostly  of  a  description  of  an  old-fashioned  Thanksgiving  dinner,  at  which 
the  grandmother  presided,  of  the  large  square  house  on  Front  Street, 
Salem,  and  of  its  contents,  some  of  which  descended  to  Mrs.  Silsbee. 
In  this  chapter  she  gives  the  following  description  of  her  personal 
appearance :  — 

"  Born  of  a  plain,  Puritanic  family,  Canton  crape  was  the  grandmother's  only 
wear,  with  muslin  round-careJ  cap,  and  white  kerchief  folded  over  the  front  of  the 
dress :  a  charming  costume  for  a  handsome  old  lady." 

The  chapter  closes  with  verses  entitled  "  My  Grandmother's  MuTor." 
Several  of  the  verses  we  give  below  :  — 

"  'Mid  Puritanic  teaciiing, 
Under  Calvinistic  preaching, 
Witb  a  precious  six  montlis'  scliooling, 

SLc  lived  for  eigliteen  years  ; 
Then  with  her  chosen  lover 
She  passed  the  threshold  over, 
To  bear  with  him  the  burden 
Of  wedlock's  hopes  and  fears. 

"  To  the  poor  her  hand  extended, 
Her  gifts  she  always  mended, 
'Til  the  needle-work  like  broidery 

Upon  the  garment  lay  ; 

Her  quiet  bounties  flowing, 

Her  kindly  lessons  showing 

The  means  to  earn  a  living, 

Which  was  far  the  better  way. 

"  iN'o  silk  or  purple  clothing  ! 
One  might  think  she  looked  with  loathing 
On  scarlet  or  fine  linen 

For  those  'mongst  whom  she  trod ; 

r- -■■*-• — -" 


^^,„„^-^  ,  ,.„,„,^_^^„^ 


^  «: 




[59.     V.     25.] 
From  the  Portrait  by  FROTirtNGHAM,  painted  about  iSiS,  \o\v  in  the 

POSSESSION    ok    the    HEIRS    OF    THE    LATE    MR3.   JoHN    H.    SILSBEE,   OF 

Salem,  Mass. 


Yet  I  am  glad  that  I  am  able 
To  recall  the  muff  of  sable, 
And  her  cloak  -svith  sable  edging, 
When  she  walked  to  worship  God. 

"  On  the  precepts  of  her  Saviour 
She  modeled  her  behavior, 
A  chapter  always  reading 

Ere  she  laid  her  down  to  rest ; 
Through  '  pastures  green  '  she  wandored, 
By  the  '  still  waters '  pondered, 
And  of  all  the  books  she  studied 

She  loved  the  Bible  best." 

Mrs.  Dodge  possessed  a  clear  and  ^^g•orous  understanding,  and  was 
familiar  with  the  best  writers  in  our  own  language,  and  her  conversation 
was  instnictive  and  entertaining.  She  was  pre-eminent  in  the  discharge  of 
her  domestic  and  social  duties,  her  life  being  devoted  to  the  happiness  of 
her  family  and  friends.  Her  charities  were  silently  bestowed  where  want 
and  sorrow  existed.  She  sought  to  relieve  suffering,  and  to  prevent  its 
recurrence  when  occasioned  by  improvidence  or  ^^ce.  Bred  in  the  Ortho- 
dox faith,  she  early  adopted  more  liberal  views.  The  Bible  was  her  daily 
companion,  and  its  precepts  were  made  the  rule  of  her  conduct.  Few  minds 
were  better  able  to  judge  more  coiTectly,  and  to  adopt  the  simple  truths 
of  the  Gospel  than  hers.^ 

Mrs.  Dodge's  portrait,  which  was  painted  by  Frothingham  about  the 
year  1818,  has  been  heliotyped  for  this  work.  It  is  now  in  the  possession 
of  the  heirs  of  her  granddaughter,  the  late  Mi-s.  John  H.  Silsbee,  of  Salem. 
Her  great-grandson,  William  E.  Silsbee,  has  her  sampler  on  which  is 
worked,  "  Lucia  Pickering,  her  sampler  made  in  the  twelfth  year  of  her 
age  1759." 

59.  V.  2'5.  Israel  Dodf/e,  the  liusband  of  Lucia  Pickering,  born  in  Bev- 
erly, Mass.,  died  in  Salem.     A  merchant  and  distiller.     Residence  :    Salem. 

Mr.  Dodge  was  a  patriotic  citizen,  and,  on  March  13,  1775,  he  was 
chosen  on  the  Committee  of  Safety,  of  which  Timothy  Pickering,  John 
Pickering,  and  George  Williams  were  members." 

»  Obituary  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Tuesday,  Nov.  5,  1822. 

^  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Octavius  Pickering,  Vol.  I.  p.  34. 


His  house  on  Front  Street  was  burne.l  iu  tlie  fire  of  December,  1844. 
His  distillery  was  where  Buffum's  planing-mill  is  now  located.' 

The  following'  anecdote  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Dodge,  and  one  which  shows  the 
precision  of  their  lives,  used  to  be  told  by  the  late  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland : 

"At  a  certain  time  in  the  spring  no  more  fires  were  built  in  the  fireplace.  It  was 
carefully  cleaned  out  and  green  boughs  took  the  place  of  the  logs  of  wood.  It  mat- 
tered not  what  the  state  of  the  weather  was,  storm  or  sunshuie,  on  that  particular 
day  all  was  made  ready  for  the  ensuing  season." 

The  portrait  of  Israel  Dodge,  painted  by  Frothingham,  about  1818,  has 
been  heliotyped  for  this  work.  It  is  now  in  the  possession  of  the  heirs  of 
his  granddaughter,  the  late  Mrs.  John  H.  Silsbee  of  Salem. 

Israel  Dodge's  first  wife,  whom  he  married  in  June,  1763,  was  Joanna, 
daughter  of  Caleb  and  Hannah  Dodge.  She  died  Oct.  21,  1764,  at  the  age 
of  20  years  and  7  months. 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  Israel  Dodge's  will,  which  was  made 
July  2,  1818,  and  proved  Nov.  19,  1822:  — 

To  my  wife  Lucia  Dodge  I  give  the  western  half  of  my  house,  all  ray  household 
furniture,  and  my  pew  in  the  meeting-house  of  the  Rer.  Julm  Prince.  To  my  son 
Pickering  Dodge,  the  children  of  my  deceased  daughter  Catherine  Stone,  and  the 
children  of  my  daughter  Eliza  Devereux,  the  residue  of  my  estate,  they  to  pay  to 
my  wife  fifteen  hundred  dollars  a  year,  and  my  daughter  Eliza  Devereux,  to  have  one 
half  of  the  income  of  the  property  I  gave  to  her  child. 

The  inventory  of  the  estate  of  Oct.  7,  1823,  amounted  to  8209,894.09.^ 
Mr.  Dodge  was  a  son  of  Joshua  and  Hannah   (Eayment)   Dodge  of 
Beverly.     His   ancestry  includes  the  following  families  :  Dodge,  Conant, 
Horton,  Larkin,  Hale,  Rayment,  Bishop,  Woodbuiy,  Dodge.    See  Ancestry 
Tables  ^\. 

60.  V.  27.  Eunice  Neal  [Eunice  60-70.  IV.  10],  born  iu  Salem, 
baptized  there  May  28,  1727,  died  in  Salem.^ 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IV.  p.  81. 

=■  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  400,  pp.  35S-3C0;  Vol.  402,  p.  112;  files,  Xo. 

*  The  Driver  Family,  by  Harriet  Ruth  (Waters)  Cooke,  p.  446,  erroneously  states 
that  she  married  Benjamin  Brown.  It  gives  the  date  of  the  marriage  as  Feb.  20,  1745, 
while  we  have  Feb.  24,  1745. 


60.  V.  27.  JBenJatnin  Bacon,  her  husband,  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  Nov.  11,  1722,  died  in  Sak-in.     A  perukemaker.     Residence:  Salem. 

Benjamin  Bacon,  in  several  real-estate  conveyances  uf  his  recorded 
at  tlie  Essex  County  Eeg-istry  of  Deeds,  Salem,  is  described  as  a  peruke- 
maker.  In  one  of  these,  dated  Dec.  29,  1758,  he  conveys  "my  ^3  part  of 
the  eastern  half  part  of  tlie  late  mansion  house  &  homestead  of  my  late 
grandfather,  Daniel  Bacon  of  Salem  shipwright."  In  another  deed  of  Feb. 
15,  1763,  he  gives  the  same  relationship.  From  some  of  these  deeds,  and 
from  the  fact  that  there  was  no  estate  administered  upon,  we  infer  that  he 
grew  poor  in  his  later  years,  and  that  he  is  undoubtedly  the  person  whose 
death  is  recorded  as  follows  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Tuesday,  March  11, 
1794:  — 

"  At  the  Poor  House  Mr.  Benjamin  Bacon  72 ;  he  died  very  suddenly  as  he  was 
sitting  at  dinner." 

He  was  the  son  of  Daniel  and  Elizabeth  (King)  Bacon  of  Salem.  His 
ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Bacon,  Read,  Spencer,  King. 
See  AxcEsiRY  Tables  j'^. 

60.  V.  28.  MarylTeal  [Eunice  60-70.  JY.  10],  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  April  5,  1730,  died  in  Topsfield,  Mass.' 

Mrs.  Foster  was  admitted  to  full  communion  with  the  Tabernacle 
Church,  May  6,  1753.  Her  obituary  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Friday,  May 
4,  1810,  speaks  of  her  mild  temper,  her  constant  acts  of  chaiity,  and  her 
high  Christian  character.  An  address  was  delivered  at  her  burial  in 
Chebacco  by  the  Rev.  Asahel  Huntington. 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  her  wdll,  which  was  made  Nov.  25,  1809, 
and  proved  May  8,  1810  :  — 

I  Mary  Cleaveland  of  Topsfield,  widow,  give  to  Lois,  the  present  wife  of  Moses 
Pilsbury  of  Londonderry,  N.  H.,  my  gold  neclclace,  and  my  two  large  silver  spoons, 
and  four  dollars  in  money,  to  enable  her  to  have  said  spoons  made  over  into  two  good 

*  The  date  of  her  baptism  as  here  given  is  from  the  Essex  Institute  Historical  Col- 
lections, Voh  VII.  p.  270,  while  it  is  given  as  April  5,  1729,  in  The  Driver  Family,  by  Har- 
riet Euth  (Waters)  Cooke,  p.  446. 


new  spoons.  I  give  the  remaiudor  of  m_v  estate,  after  debts  and  funeral  charges  are 
paid  to  the  Reverend  John  Clcaveland  of  Wrenthara,  Parker  Cleaveland,  Esq.,  of  Row- 
ley, Elizabeth  Channell,  of  Rowley,  Nehcmiali  Cleaveland,  Esq.,  of  Topsfield  and  Abi- 
gail, present  wife  of  Joseph  Cojiswell  of  Londonderry,  they  being  the  surviving 
children  of  my  late  husband  the  Reverend  John  Cleaveland,  late  of  Ipsvrich,  to  be 
equally  divided  between  tli  uu.     Nehemiah  Cleaveland,  Esq.,  sole  executor.' 

60.  V.  2S\  John  Foster,  the  first  luisband  of  IMaiy  Neal,  born  prob- 
ably in  Manchester,  Mas.s.,  died  at  sea.  A  slupniaster.  Residence : 

Captain  Foster  is  called  in  deeds  a  mariner,  also  gentleman.  He  re- 
moved from  Manchester  to  Salem  after  the  death  of  his  first  wife,  and 
owned  what  was  known  as  the  Tewksbiuy  Place,  near  the  burying-ground. 
He  returned  to  Manchester,  and  was  living  there  from  1753  to  1758.  After 
his  death,  his  widow  returned  to  Salem. 

His  fii-st  wife,  whom  he  man-led  April  2G,  1733,  was  Mary  Norton. 
By  her  he  had  the  following  children  :  — 

JoHJf  Foster,  born  in  Manchester,  Jan.  26,  1733-4.     Perhaps  he  is  the  same 

who  married,  June  29,  17G6,  Abigail  Ives,  of  Salem. 
Mart  Foster,  baptized   March   9,   1735-6 ;    married  May  20,  1751,  John  Ha- 

thorne,  of  Salem. 
Joseph  Foster,         born  Feb.  27,  1737.     Perhaps  he  is  the  same  who  married,  Dec. 

17,  1762,  Hannah  Pickering  [70.  V.  31]. 
Timothy  Foster,      baptized  April  13,  1740. 
Elizabeth  Foster,  married  Thomas  Ingalls  of  Lynn,  their  banns  being  published, 

June  16,  17G2. 
Daiiiel  Foster,         baptized  April  2S,  1745;  died  before  1766. 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  Captain  John  Foster's  will,  which  was 
made  Dec.  12,  1766,  and  was  proved  Jan.  6,  1767  :  — 

I  John  Foster  of  Manchester,  in  the  county  of  Essex  gentleman,  of  sound  mind 
and  memory.  I  order  that  my  executors  pay  all  my  debts  and  funeral  expenses,  and 
sell  all  my  lands  and  buildings  in  Manchester ;  also  my  dwelling  house  and  lands 
in  Salem  in  the  said  county,  on  the  northerly  side  of  the  main  street  some  time  since 
improved  by  Captain  Benjamin  Pickman. 

I  give  to  my  wife  and  lier  heirs  my  half  right  in  Salem  in  the  great  pasture,  also 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  379,  p.  2S9 ;  tiles,  Xo.  5,620. 


my  acre  of  land  in  Salem  with  the  buildings  thereon  bounded  northerly  on  the  Main 
street,  westerly  on  land  late  of  Edward  Kitchen,  Esq.,  southerly  on  land  late  William 
Pickerinf^s,  deceased ;  also  £&Q.  \o'  ■1''  lawful  money,  also  my  negro  named  Titus  and 
household  furniture  of  the  value  of  i.'27,  and  my  best  cow. 

All  the  residue  of  my  estate  I  give  to  my  said  wife  and  four  children  as  follows  : 
To  my  wife  one  third  whether  real  or  personal  during  lier  natural  life  ;  John  two 
lifths  ;  Timotliy,  one  fifth  ;  Mary  Ilathorne,  one  fifth  ;  Elizabetii  Ingalls,  one  fifth. 
Benjamin  Marston,  Es(i.,  and  Israel  Foster,  both  of  Marblehead,  executors. 

!  The  inventory  of  Feb.   1,  1768  amounted  to  £3911  Is.  Id.      Among 

}     the  property  named,  were  houses,  warehouses,  lands,  schooners,  and  the 

following  negroes,  —  Bristol,  Violet,  Dilley,  Jack,  Peter,  Titus,  and  Florah. 

The  estate  was  represented  as  insolvent.^ 

Captain  Foster  was  a  son  of  John  and  ^Margaret  (Jacobs)  Foster,  of 

Manchester,  Mass.     His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families:  Foster, 

Stuart,  Jacobs,  Frost.     See  Axcestrt  Tables  ^j^.. 

60.  V.  2S^.  John  Cleaveland,^  the  second  husband  of  Mary  Neal,  born 
in  Canterbury,  Conn.,  died  in  Ipswich,  Mass.  A  minister.  Residence: 

Mr,  Cleaveland  entered  Yale  College  in  1741,  and  remained  there  until 
a  few  weeks  before  the  close  of  his  senior  year ;  when  he  was  required  by 
the  government  of  the  college  to  leave,  because,  in  the  May  vacation,  he 
had  been  to  hear  a  preacher  who  was  a  follower  of  Whitefield,  and  who 
oflSciated  where  his  parents  worshipped.  In  1764,  however,  the  college 
granted  him  a  degree,  and  caused  him  to  be  recorded  among  the  graduates 
of  his  class. 

On  Feb.  25,  1747,  he  was  ordained  pastor  of  the  New  Church  at 
Chebacco,  Ipswich.  Before  this,  he  had  preached  for  a  new  society  in 
Boston  called  the  Separatists.  "  The  New  Church,"  or  Fourth  of  Chebacco, 
was  formed  by  the  disaffected  members  of  the  Rev.  Theophilus  Pickering's 
[48.  IV.  8]  church.  In  1774,  after  many  years  of  separation,  the  two 
sections  of  what  had  once  been  Mr.  Pickering's  church  became  reunited 
under  the  name  of  the  Second  Church. 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  34.3,  pp.  34(3,  347 ;  Vol.  344,  pp.  310-319 ;  files, 
No.  9,904. 

^  This  name  was  printed  "  Cleveland  "  on  Sheet  60. 


Mr.  Cleavelaiid  is  said  to  have  been  a  popular  and  impressive  preacher. 
His  voice  was  one  of  great  compass,  his  utterance  distinct  and  rapid, 
accompanied  by  natural  and  expressive  gestures.  He  was  one  of  the  fore- 
most of  the  faithful  preachers  of  the  Gospel,  and  stood  high  among  the 
zealous  promoters  of  the  cause  of  Clirist.  His  intellectual  abilities  were 
of  a  high  order,  and  his  style  of  composition  was  nervous  and  logical. 
Several  of  his  writings  were  printed.  Besides  his  printed  pamphlets  in  his 
controversy  with  Mr.  Pickering,  he  afterwards  published  :  — 

"  An  Essay  on  important  Principles  of  Christianity,  with  Animadversions 
on  Dr.  Jonathan  ^Mayhew's  Thanksgiving  Sermon ;"  "  A  Rejoinder  to  Dr. 
Mayhew's  Reply  ;"  "  A  Justification  of  the  Fourth  Church  in  Ipswich,  from 
the  Strictures  of  the  Rev.  S.  Wigglesworth  of  the  Hamlet  and  the  Rev. 
Richard  Jaques  of  Gloucester;"  "An  attempt  to  nip  in  the  bud  the  un- 
scriptural  Doctrine  of  Universal  Salvation;"  "A  Dissertation  in  support 
of  Infant  Baptism  : ''  and  "  Defence  of  the  result  of  a  late  Council  at 
Salem  against  Dr.  Whittaker's  Remarks."  He  also  wrote  many  political 
articles  for  the  newspapers,  both  before  and  after  the  Revolution.  It  was 
remarked  by  the  aged  people  of  Essex  to  its  historian,  that  3Ir.  Cleaveland 
preached  all  the  men  of  his  parish  into  the  army,  and  then  went  himself. 

In  1758,  he  was  chaplain  of  a  provincial  regiment  at  Ticonderoga,  and 
was  on  the  battle-ground,  when  Lord  Howe  was  killed.  In  1759,  he  was  a 
chaplain  at  Louisburg,  and  in  1775  filled  the  same  position  in  a  regiment 
at  Cambridge,  and  during  a  short  campaign  in  New  York  in  1776. 

He  was  nearly  six  feet  tall,  very  erect,  and  a  man  of  great  activity  and 
muscular  power.     He  had  blue  eyes  and  a  florid  complexion. 

Mr.  Cleaveland's  first  wife,  whom  he  married  July  31,  1747,  was  Mary 
Dodge,  a  daughter  of  Parker  Dodge  of  Hamilton,  Mass.  She  was  bom 
March  1,  172-2,  and  died  April  11,  or  21,  1768.  By  her  he  had  the  follow- 
ing children :  — 

Mart  Cleavelaxd,  married  Jonathan  Procter. 

John  Cleavelaxd,  born  Jan.  6,  1749,  a  minister  at  ^orth  Wrentham,  Mass. 

He  -n-aa  twice  married.     He  died  Feb.  1,  1S15. 
Parker  Cleaveland,       born  Oct.  14,  1751,  a  pliysician  of  Byefield,  Mass.     He  was 

married.     He  died  Feb.  10,  1826. 
Ebenezek  Cleaveland,    married  Elizabetli ,  and  died  at  sea. 

FIFTH    GEXERAT102T.  171 

Elizabftii  Cleavelaxd,  married  Abraham  Chaimell. 

Nehemiah  Clea-v-eland,  born   Aug.  26,  1760,  a  physician  of  Topsfield,  Jlass.     He 

married,   first,   Lucy   Manning,    and   second,  Experience 

Lord.     He  died  Feb.  26,  18.37. 
Abigail  Cleavelakd,      born  Dec.  28, 1762,  married  Joseph  Cogswell,  and  died  April 

11,  1S24. 

The  following  is  an  abstract  of  his  will,  which  was  dated  Aug.  11,  1797, 
and  proved  May  11,  1799:^  — 

I  John  Cleaveland  of  Ipswich,  clerk.  My  wife  Mary  to  enjoy  forever  as  her  own 
property  the  note  signed  by  Nehemiah  Cleaveland  of  iilOO,  also  two  securities  of 
Jhissachiisctts  one  for  the  sum  of  640.79  and  the  other  for  S20. ;  also  all  household 
furniture  which  she  brought  into  my  house  as  her  own ;  also  while  my  widow  one 
third  of  my  house  and  garden  ;  also  my  horse  and  chaise  and  one  third  of  the  income 
of  my  real  estate  during  her  life 

My  own  sons  and  daughters  to  share  equally  my  estate  not  disposed  of  as  above, 
viz  :  Mary  Procter,  John  Cleaveland,  Parker  Cleaveland  Elizabeth  Channel,  Nehe- 
miah Cleaveland,  Abigail  Cogswell,  grandson  John  Cleaveland  the  only  son  of  my  late 
son  Ebenezer  Cleaveland  deceased.  These  are  my  heirs  seven  in  number.  Sons 
John,  Parker,  and  Nehemiah,  my  executors 

Mr.  Cleaveland^  was  a  son  of  Josiah  and  Abigail  (Paine)  Cleaveland. 
His  father  was  a  prominent  citizen  of  Canterbury,  Conn.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families:  Cleaveland,  Winn,  Bates,  Paine,  Snow, 
Hopkins,  Doane,  Bangs,  Hicks.     See  An-cestet  Tables  /y,. 

60-68.  V.  29.  John  Pickering  [Eunice  60-70.  IV.  10],  bom  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Jan.  2,  1738-9,^  died  in  Richmond,  N.  H.  A  farmer, 
Residence  :  Richmond. 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  .366,  pp.  .519-521  ;  files,  No.  5,617. 

'  For  a  more  complete  account  of  Mr.  Cleaveland,  see  the  History  of  Ipswich,  Essex, 
and  Hamilton,  by  Joseph  B.  Felt,  pp.  263-265 ;  History  of  the  Town  of  Essex,  by  Robert 
Crowell,  D.D.,  pp.  245-253 ;  The  American  Biographical  Dictionary,  by  William  Allen, 
p.  234 ;  Annals  of  the  American  Pulpit,  by  William  B.  Sprague,  Vol.  I.  pp.  458-461 ;  His 
Journal,  edited  by  his  grandson,  Nehemiah  Cleaveland,  in  the  Essex  Institute  Historical 
Collections,  Vol.  XII.  p.  85,  ct  seq.,  and  an  obituary  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  ^lay  3, 1799. 

»  We  have  been  unable  to  reconcile  the  date  of  his  birth  as  given  by  his  descendants 
with  the  date  of  his  baptism  as  given  in  the  Esses  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol. 
VIII.  p.  77. 


Mr.  Pickering  is  described  as  a  painter  in  a  deed  of  Henry  Ingalls  to 
him  of  forty-four  acres  of  land,  dated  Oct.  !',  1778.^  It  was  about  this  time 
that  he  removed  from  Salem  to  Richmond,  X.  H.,  where  he  bought  an 
estate  of  Stephen  Kirapton.  The  farm  is  now  owned  by  William  T.  Carter, 
and  is  known  as  the  Seth  A.  Curtis  place." 

His  family  Bible,  containing  a  record  of  his  children,  was  in  the  posses- 
sion of  his  grandson,  the  late  Loring  Pickering  of  San  Francisco,  Cal.,  at 
the  time  of  the  latter's  death. 

He  was  buried  in  the  graveyard  at  the  middle  of  the  town,  in 
Richmond,  where  his  gravestone  still  stands,  bearing  the  following  in- 
scription :  — 

27   Oct   1823 

60-68.  V.  2D.     Hannah  InrferKoU,  the  wife  of  John  Pickering,  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  July  29,  1744,  died  in  Richmond,  N.  H. 

Her  gravestone  stands  by  the  side  of  her  husband's  in  the  graveyard  at 
the  middle  of  the  town,  in  Richmond,  and  is  thus  inscribed  :  — 


Hannah   Pickering 

Wife  of  Mr.  John 

Pickering  died 

Jan'  5*.   1795 

aged  55 

Death  is  a  debt  to  nature  due 
Which  I  have  paid  &  so  must  you. 

Mrs.  Pickering  was  a  daughter  of  Nathaniel  and  Bethiah  (Gardner) 
Ingersoll  of  Salem,  and  an  aunt  of  both  Dr.  Nathaniel  Bowditch  and  his 
wife  Mary  (Ingersoll)  Bowditch.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following 
families:  Ingersoll,  Felton,  Coomes,  Hasket,  Langdon,  Gardner,  Frier, 
Orne,  Browne,  ^\'eld,  Clap,  Mitchelson,  Bushell. 

1  Chestire  County,  N.  H.,  Deeds,  Vol.  19,  p.  420. 

'^  History  of  Richmond,  X.  H.,  by  William  Bassett,  p.  463. 


69-70.  V.  30.  William  Pickering  [Eunice  60-70.  IV.  10],  bom  in 
Saleiu,  died  in  Warwick,  Mass.     A  farmer.     Residence  :  WarAvick. 

William  Pickering,  as  -well  as  his  brother  John,  removed  to  Richmond, 
N.  H.,  where,  on  March  18,  1782,  he  bought  a  farm  of  Silas  Gaskilh  April 
21,  1788,  he  sold  laud  in  Richmond  to  Jonathan  Gaskill.  Perhaps  about 
this  time  he  removed  to  Warwick,  Mass.,  the  adjoining  town  ;  for,  in  a  deed 
of  land  of  April  26,  1700,  he  calls  himself  of  Warwick.  He  is  described  in 
deeds  as  a  "  yeoman  "  and  "  husbandman."  ^ 

His  granddaughter,  ilrs.  Lamb  of  Westborough,  Mass.,  writes  as  follows, 
in  Dec.  188G  :  — 

"  We  have  no  records  of  grandfather  Pickering,  but  some  recollections.  Before 
he  was  married  he  followed  the  sea  as  a  sea  captain.  He  was  married  at  the  age  of 
forty,  after  whieli  he  became  a  farmer  and  died  at  the  age  of  seventy  from  the  effects 
of  a  cut.     He  fought  in  the  Pievolutionary  War.  ...  He  had  twelve  children." 

69-70.  V.  SO.  Philadelphia  Kimpton,  his  wife,  born  in  Richmond, 
N.  H.,  died  in  Warwick,  Mass. 

]\L-s.  Pickering  is  said  by  her  granddaughter,  Mrs.  ]\I.  W.  S.  Clark, 
of  Lynn,  Mass.,  to  have  been  the  first  white  girl  bom  in  Richmond.^ 

She  was  the  eldest  child  of  Stephen  and  Catherine  (Boyce)  Kimpton, 
of  Richmond.      Ancestry  Tables    jj. 

70.  V.  31.    Hannah  Pickering  [Eunice  60-70.  IV.  10],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Feb.  8,  1740-41,  died  in  Salem.^ 

The  Salem  Gazette  of  Tuesday,  Oct.  20,  1801,  makes  the  following 
announcement  of  her  death :  — 

"In  this  town  ^frs.  Hannah  Masury  aged  60.  Her  funeral  will  be  this  afternoon 
at  3  o'clock  when  her  friends  and  relations  are  requested  to  attend." 

1  Cheshire  County,  N.  H.,  Deeds,  Vol.  9,  p.  ISl ;  Vol.  36,  p.  24.3 ;  History  of  the  Town 
of  Eichmond,  N.  H.,  by  William  Bassett,  pp.  42.5,  426,  466. 

^  History  of  the  Town  of  Eichmond,  by  William  Bassett,  pp.  425-426. 

'  The  date  of  her  marriage  is  given  Jan.  9,  1762,  while  Francis  H.  Lee  and  The 
Driver  Family,  by  Harriet  Euth  (Waters)  Cooke,  p.  446,  give  it  as  Dee.  17,  1762. 


10.Y.3P.     Jo.sf/>/i -Foster,  her  first  husband.     Residence:  Salem. 
Mr.  Foster  may  liave  been  a  son  of  Captain  John  Foster  [60.  V.  ^5^],  of 
Manchester,  Mass.,  by  his  first  wife,  Mary  (Norton).     Axcestry  Tables  /j,. 

70.  V.  31'.  Joseph  Lakeninn,  the  second  husband  of  Hannah  Picker- 
ing-.    Residence:  Salem. 

Mr.  Lakeman  probably  died  before  Jan.  3,  17G9,  for  on  tliis  date  ad- 
ministration on  his  estate  was  granted  to  his  widow.     Jan  1,  1770,  Captain 
David  Masury  and  Mrs.  Hannah  Masurj'  presented  the  inventor}-  of  Joseph 
Lakeman's  estate,  which  amounted  to  £163  \%s} 
AircESTBT  Tables   ^,. 

70.  V.  31^.  David  3IasHi'tj,  the  third  husband  of  Hannah  Pickering. 
A  manner.     Residence :  Salem. 

Captain  Masury  died  on  a  voyage  to  the  West  Indies.^ 
Ancestry  Tables    ^,. 

70.  V.  32.  Abigail  Pickering  [Eunice  60-70.  TV.  10],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  June  12,  1743,  died  in  Salem. 

The  particulars  of  her  death  are  given  in  the  following  account  taken 
from  the  Salem  Register  of  Wednesday,  Mtirch  30,  1808. 

"  In  this  town  widow  Abigail  Baldwin  aged  65.  by  taking  arsenic  prepared  to  de- 
stroy rats  and  unguardedly  left  in  the  house.  Funeral  this  afternoon  at  4  o'clock  — 
friends  and  relatives  are  requested  to  attend." 

Mrs.  Baldwin  made  her  will  ilarch  28,  1808,  and  it  was  proved  April 
18,  1808.  She  left  her  whole  estate  to  her  niece,  Hannah  Pickering  [69. 
VI.  141],  of  Salem,  who  lived  with  her,  and  who  afterwards  married  Laban 
Simonds  of  Warwick,  Mass.  Their  daughter,  Mrs.  M.  W.  S  Clark  of 
Lynn,  Mass.,  has  still  in  her  possession  some  of  Mrs.  Baldwin's  effects. 
Among  them  are  an  old  desk,  an  embroidered  Pickering  coat  of  arms, 
and  an  embroidered  landscape. 

The  estate  amounted  to  SlOl.5.57  by  the  inventory  of  July  18,  1808.^ 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  345,  p.  191 ;  Vol.  346,  p.  79 ;  files,  No.  16,143. 

'  Salem  Mercury  of  Tuesday,  Dee.  8,  1789. 

'  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  376,  pp.  250-251,  473 ;  files  Xo.  1 ,574. 


70.  \.  32'.  Jatncs  StoUiiy,  the  first  huisband  of  Abigail  Pickering, 
baptized  in  Suleui,  April  8,  1739.    A  sailmaker.     Residence:  Salem. 

Oct.  23,  1767,  James  Scollay,  of  Salem,  sailmaker,  and  his  wife  Abigail, 
with  others,  deed  their  right  in  the  intestate  estate  of  Hannah  Pratt,  of 
Salem,  to  Ruth  Jeffrey.^ 

He  was  a  son  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (Pratt)  Scollay.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  folL;>sving  families  :  Scollay,  Pratt,  Cooper,  ]\Iaverick,  Harris, 
Sherwood.     See  A^-cestrt  Tables   ^,. 

70.  V.  32-.      William  Baldwin,  her  second  husband. 
Nothing  has  been  learned  about  him  further  than  his  marriage  to  Abigail 
(Scollay)  Pickering. 

Ancestet  Tables    ^^j, 

70.  V.  33.  Mary  Pickering  [Eunice  60-70.  IV.  10],  bom  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  June  12,  1743,  probably  died  in  Salem. 

'  Essex  County  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  125,  p.  115. 


1.  \T.  1.  Thomas  Lee  [Lois  1-2.  V.  2],  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  July  26,  1741,  died  in  Cambridge,  Mass.  A  merchant.  Residence: 

Mr.  Lee  went  to  sea  in  early  life,  and  was  known  as  Captain  Thomas 
Lee.  He  afterwards  establislied  himself  as  a  merchant  in  Boston;  and, 
having  acquired  a  fortune  in  his  business,  he  removed  to  Cambridge.  His 
house  in  Salem  was  on  the  eastern  comer  of  Essex  and  Crombie  streets. 
In  1803,  this  house  bore  the  sign  of  a  ship,  and  was  opened  as  a  tavern  by 
Benjamin  Crombie.' 

1.  VI.  1.  Judith  Colman,  his  wife,  born  in  Boston,  died  in  Cam- 

Mrs.  Lee  was  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Deborah  (Oulton)  Colman, 
of  Boston.  Her  grandmother  was  a  sister  of  Sir  Charles  Hobby,  and  her 
greatuncle  was  the  Rev.  Dr.  Benjamin  Colman,  of  the  Brattle  Street 
Church,  Boston.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Colman, 
Hobby,  Oulton.      See   Ancestry  Tables  "5. 

1-2.  VL  2.  Josepli  Lee  [Lois  1-2.  V.  2],  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  May  13,  1744,^^  died  in  Boston.     A  merchant.     Residence:  Boston. 

lyir.  Lee  was  obliged,  by  the  death  of  his  fiither,  to  go  to  sea.  At  the 
age  of  thirteen  he  made  his  first  voyage ;  and  in  due  time  he  rose  to  the 

*  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  W.  p.  79. 

*  The  Columbian  Centinel  of  Wednesday,  Feb.  11,  1807,  announces  her  death  as  hav- 
ing taken  place  on  ^Monday  morning;  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Feb.  13,  1S07,  chronicles  her 
death;  the  Cambridge  Town  Records  have  her  death  recorded  as  Feb.  16,  1807. 

3  This  date  of  baptism  is  taken  from  "  Baptisms  of  the  First  Church  in  Salem,"  by 
Dr.  Henry  Wheatland,  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VIII.  p.  155.  The  date 
of  his  birth  is  given  by  Colonel  Henry  Lee  as  Jlay  22,  1744. 


command  of  a  vessel  in  the  European  ami  West  India  trade.  He  moved 
from  Salem  to  Beverlv,  where  lie  became  a  mercliaTit  and  shipowner.  As 
his  business  extended,  he  took  into  partnership  George  Cabot,  who  had 
risen  in  his  employ,  through  the  various  grades,  from  a  cabin  boy  of  one  of 
his  ships,  and  who  later  became  his  brother-in-law.  The  firm  traded  with 
Spain,  the  West  Indies,  and  the  Baltic.  During  Mr.  Lee's  residence  in 
Beverly,  he  was  engaged  largely  in  privateering,  also  in  underwriting, 
privately,  risks  on  the  shipping  of  that  town,  of  Salem,  and  of  Marblehead. 
He  was  also  a  director  of  an  insurance  company  in  Salem.  He  was  active 
in  promoting  the  various  interests  of  Beverly,  though  he  held  no  otlice  and 
took  no  prominent  part  in  political  affairs.  He  had  a  turn  for  mechanics, 
and  especially  for  naval  architecture,  and  was  constantly  employed  in 
devising  improvements  in  shipbuilding.  His  models  for  ships  were  adopted 
by  many  of  the  mechanics  and  merchants  of  Essex  County,  and  of  Boston, 
and  were  largely  instrumental  in  bringing  about  the  improvement  of  con- 
struction since  introduced,  bv  which  superior  sailing  is  combined  with  in- 
creased carrying  capacity.  In  1807,  ^Ir.  Lee  removed  to  Boston.  Several 
years  before  this  time  he  had  retired  from  the  active  pm'suits  of  commerce. 
In  Boston,  he  was  chosen  a  director  of  various  banks  and  insurance  com- 
panies, and  continued  to  fill  these  positions  until  his  advanced  years  com- 
pelled him  to  retire.  In  his  old  age  he  retained  the  vigor  and  activity  of 
youth ;  his  frame  remained  erect  and  his  step  elastic. 

Mr.  Lee  was  very  fond  of  gardening,  and  even  in  his  extrenie  age  could 
often  be  seen  in  the  garden  of  his  son-in-law,  Judge  Jackson,  directing  the 
gardener,  or,  saw  in  hand,  mounted  high  on  a  ladder  pruning  or  grafting  his 
pear  trees.  He  was  a  man  of  inflexible  integrity,  of  stern  raoi'al  principle,  and 
an  imcompromising  adherent  to  truth  and  right,  regardless  of  consequences. 
Firm,  decided,  and  independent,  he  shaped  his  actions  by  his  own  sense  of 
propriety  and  dutv.  He  interfered  with  no  man's  aiTairs,  and  wonld  suffer 
no  man  to  interfere  with  his.  At  the  same  time  he  was  kindly,  and  showed 
an  affectionate  interest  in  the  concerns  and  pleasures  of  his  youthful  rela- 
tions. Children  were  glad  to  leave  their  sports  to  listen  to  his  kind  words 
and  to  obtain  his  smile.  He  and  his  sons  shunned  display,  declined  public 
office,  finding  resources  in  their  books,  their  gardens,  and  the  society  of  a 



large  circle  of  family  and  friends.     He  was  wont  to  attribute  all  the  Lee 
peculiarities  to  the  "  Ome  kink." 

Mr.  Lee  acquired  a  fortune,  and  contributed  liberally  to  literary  and 
charitable  institutions.  A  year  before  his  death  he  gave  twenty  thousand 
dollars  to  the  Massachusetts  General  Hospital.  He  was  an  honorable  mer- 
chant, a  man  of  modest  pretensions,  and  of  exemplary  character.^ 

1-2.  VI.  2K  EUzaheth  Cabot,  the  first  wife  of  Joseph  Lee,  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Feb.  28,  1747-8,  died  in  Beverly,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Lee  was  admitted  as  a  member  of  the  First  Church  in  Salem,  Jan. 
7,  1770. 

She  was  the  sister  of  the  Hon.  George  Cabot,  her  husband's  partner 
in  business,  and  the  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  (Higginson)  Cabot. 
Her  father  was  an  eminent  merchant  of  Salem.  Joseph  Cabot  [6.  VL  11], 
and  Francis  Cahot  [48.  VL  S0~\  were  her  brothers ;  Francis  Higginson 
[3.  VL  .4^],  was  her  uncle  ;  Marianne  Cahot  [48.  VH.  .204'\i  "'"s  her  niece; 
Elizabeth  Perkins  Cahot  [2.  VIII.  lo],  is  her  grandniece,  and  Eichard  Clarke 
Cahot  [51.  IX.  1032],  is  her  great-grandnephew.  Deborah  Cabot  [2.  VI.  ^-], 
her  husband's  second  wife,  was  her  first  cousin.  Her  ancestry  includes  the 
following  families :  Cabot,  Ome,  Thompson,  Higginson,  Whitfield,  Sheafe, 
Savage,  Symiues,  Gardner,  Frier,  Orne,  Browne,  Boardman,  Bull,  Trues- 
dale,  Hal  ton.      See  Ancestry  Tables  |^.. 

2.Y\.2-.  Deborah  Cabot,  the  second  wife  of  Joseph  Lee,  died. in 

Her  first  husband,   to   whom  she  was  married  ]March   20,    1777,  was 

>  History  of  Beverly,  by  EJwin  M.  Stono,  pp.  132-134;  also  Essex  Institute  Historical 
Collections,  Vol.  XV.  pp.  53-58. 

s  The  date  of  her  birth  is  given  by  Colonel  Henry  Lee  as  Jan.  13,  1754,  and  by  Dr. 
Henry  Wheatland  in  his  "  Materials  for  the  Genealogy  of  the  Higdnson  Family  '' ;  printed 
in  the  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  V.,  p.  41,  as  Jan.  6,  1754.  The  latter 
authority  also  gives  the  date  of  her  death  as  Dec.  14,  1820,  as  does  The  Gardner  Family 
Records ;  but  several  of  the  family  give  it  as  Dec.  4,  1S20 ;  and  it  was  announced  in 
the  Essex  Register  of  Saturday,  Dec.  9,  1820,  as  follows:  "In  Boston  Mrs.  Deborah, 
wife  of  Joseph  Lee  aged  67." 


[3-5-    VI.    4.] 

From  the  Portrait  now  in    run  possession  of  Mrs.  Francis  Warren 

Rockwell,  of  Brooklyn,  X.  V. 

SIXTH    GENERATiny.  179 

her  first  cousin,    Stephen   Cabot,   born   Nov.  2G,  1704.     ITe  was  a  son  of 
Joseph  and  Elizabeth  (Iligoinson)  Cabot.     By  him  she  had  — 
Mary  Cabut,  born  Feb.  4,  1778,  and  died,  unmarried,  Aug.  '2,  1802. 

Mrs.  Lee  was  a  delightful  old  lady,  remarkable  for  her  neatness,  her 
good  housekeeping,  and  her  fine  cooking.  She  and  her  two  sisters  — 
Sarah,  the  first  wife  of  Judge  John  Lowell,  and  Elizabeth,  the  wife  of  the 
lion.  George  Cabot  —  were  all  noted  for  their  brightness,  wit,  and  charming 

She  was  a  daughter  of  Stephen  and  Elizabeth  (Cabot)  Higginson. 
Martha  Suli^iharij  Ilitjghison  [44.  VIL  ^17"],  was  her  grandniece ;  John 
Amory  Lowell  [55.  VIL  olJ'\,  and  George  Higginson  [2.  VIII.  14],  were 
her  grandnephews ;  EUzaletli.  Cahot  [1-2.  VI.  i?-'],  her  second  husband's 
first  ^vife,  Joseph  Cahot  [G.  VI.  W],  and  Francis  Cabot  [48.  VI.  80],  were 
her  first  cousins.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Higginson, 
"Whitfield,  Sheafe,  Savage,  Syrames,  Sev/all,  Hunt,  Dummer,  Archer,  Mitchell, 
Boradel,  Cabot,  Orne,  Thomp.son. 

See   AxcESTEY  Tables   ^,. 

2.  VI.  3.  Lois  Lee  [Lois  1-2.  V.  2],  bom  in  Salem,  baptized  there 
Aug.  24,  1746,  died  in  Salem. 

Miss  Lee  died  of  rapid  consumption,  when  she  was  on  the  point  of 
marrying  Mr.  John  Appleton,  of  Salem,  a  descendant  of  John  Appleton 
the  distinguished  tlieologian. 

3-5.  VI.  4.  Esther  Gardner  [Esther  3-5.  V.  3],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Jan.  13,  1739-40,  died  in  Salem. 

The  heliotype  here  given  of  Mrs.  ^lackey  is  taken  from  her  portrait, 
which  was  pi'obably  painted  by  Joseph  Badger.  It  is  now  in  the  posses- 
sion of  Mrs.  Francis  "\V.  Rockwell  [4.  X.  67],  of  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.  Another 
portrait  of  her  is  in  the  possession  of  her  great-great-grandson,  William 
Sutton  Abbott. 

3.  VI.  ..^^.  Francis  II if/giti son,  her  first  husband,  probably  born  in 
Salem.     Residence :  Salem. 

'  Colonel  Henrj-  Lee. 


Mr.  Iligginsoa  was  a  son  of  Juhn  and  (Cabot)  Hig-ginson. 
Elizabeth  Cabut  [1-2.  M,  J']  was  his  niece,  Joseph  Cabot  [6.  VI.  11],  and 
Francis  Cabot  [48.  VI.  6'(;)],  were  his  nephews;  Marianue  Cabot  [-48.  VII. 
2641,  '^^'^  ^'^  grandniere  ;  Elizabeth  Perkins  Cabot  [2.  VIII.  iJ],  is  his 
great-grandniece,  and  Riehard  Clar/ce  Cabot  [nl.  IX.  1032],  is  liis  great- 
great-grandnephew.  His  ancestry  inchides  the  folhiwing  families  :  Higgin- 
son,  Whitfield,  Sheafe,  Savage,  Synnnes,  Gardner,  Frier,  Orne,  Browne, 
Cabot,  Orne,  Thompson.     See  A-vcestry  Tables  ^j\. 

3-5.  VI.  4'-  Daniel  Mackey,  the  second  husband  of  Esther  Gardner, 
born  in  Salem,  died  in  Andover,  Mass.^  A  shipmaster.  Residence  : 

Captain  Mackey's  first  wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  Feb.  7,  1744-5, 
was  Elizabeth  Hicks.  She  was  a  daughter  of  ilajor  Joshua  and  Martha 
(Derby)  Hicks,  of  Salem.  She  was  born  Jan.  14,  1725,  and  died  July 
20,  1761.     By  her  he  had — 

Elizabeth  Mackey,  baptized  Aug.  11,  ITol.     She  died  young. 

The  heliotype  of  Captain  ]\[ackey  is  taken  from  a  portrait  of  him  which 
was  probably  painted  by  Jose})h  Badger.  It  is  in  the  possession  of  Mrs, 
Francis  W.  Rockwell  [4.  X.  G'r\,  of  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.  Another  portrait  of 
him,  evidently  by  the  same  artist,  is  in  the  possession  of  his  great-great- 
grandson,  William  Sutton  Abbott. 

Captain  Mackey  was  a  son  of  William  and  Margaret  (Epes)  Mackey,  of 
SaleoGL  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Mackey,  Epes,  Read, 
Symonds,  Harlakenden,  Boardman.     See  Ancestry  Tables  j',. 

5.  VI.  5.  Lois  Gardner  [Esther  3-5.  V.  3],  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  Nov.  15,  1741,  died  in  Andover,  Mass. 

The  following  notice  of  her  marriage  appeared  in  the  Essex  Gazette  of 
Tuesday,  May  25  to  June  1,  1773  :  — 

>  The  Salem  Gazette  of  Friday,  Ancr.  a,  1790,  gives  his  death.  "  At  Andover  on  the  3d 
inst.  Capt.  Daniel  Mackey  late  of  this  town  ^Et.  77."  His  gravestone  at  Andover  is  in- 
scribed "  Au?.  2,  1796." 


[3-5-    VI.    4.] 

From  the  roRiRAii    now  rx  the  possession  of  Mrs.  Francis  Warren 
Rockwell,  of  Brooklyn,  X.  V. 







'  1 


[5.    VI.    5.] 

From    the    Pastfj.    Portrait    now    in-   thk   possession   of  thk   North 
Church  at  Salem,  Mass. 


"Last  Evening  the  Reverend  Mr.  TIIO.MAS  BARNARD,  Jnii.,  Pastor  of  the 
North  Church  in  this  Town,  was  married  to  Miss  LOIS  GARDNER,  a  Lady 
possessed  of  a  Fortune  of  upwards  of  Two  Tliousand  Pounds  Lawful  Money, 
and  second  Daughter  of  SAMUEL  GARDNER,  Esq.;  late  an  eminent  Merchant 
of  this   Place,  deceased." 

Mrs.  Barnard  is  said  to  have  worked  the  Gardner  coat  of  arms  of  which 
an  illustration  is  given  facing  page  11. 

5.  VI.  5.  Thomas  Barnard,  her  husband,  born  in  Newbury,  Mass., 
died  in  Salem,  of  apoplexy.     A  minister.    Residence  :  Salem. 

Mr.  Barnard,  H  C.  176(3,  received  tlie  degree  of  D.D.  from  Brown 
University,  and  from  the  University  of  Edinburgh  in  1794.  He  was  also 
a  Fellow  of  tlie  American  Academy  of  Arts  and  Sciences.  He  studied  for 
the  ministry  under  the  Rev.  Dr.  Samuel  Williams,  of  Bradford,  Mass.,  and 
preached  for  a  short  time  at  Newbury,  ]\Iass. 

Dr.  Barnard  came  of  a  family  distinguished  for  its  clergymen,  being 
of  the  fourth  generation  of  that  profession  in  a  direct  line.  His  father, 
the  Rev.  Thomas  Barnard  (H.  C.  1732),  the  able  preacher  of  the  First 
Church,  was  stricken  with  paralysis  in  the  spring  of  1770,  and  his  son  was 
employed  to  supply  his  fathers  pulpit,  which  he  did  so  acceptably  to  many 
of  the  parish,  that  there  was  a  strong  desire  to  make  him  his  father's  col- 
league. But  there  was  no  unanimity,  and  Mr.  Asa  Dunbar  was  chosen  col- 
league by  a  majority  of  two  votes.  The  result  was  the  formation  of  the  North 
Church  Society,  and  Thomas  Barnard,  Jr.,  was  chosen  its  pastor,  Aug. 
20,  1772.  He  was  ordained  Jan.  13,  1773.  The  new  society  was  com- 
posed largely  of  men  of  wealth  and  influence.  For  nearly  forty-two  years 
Dr.  Barnard  continued  its  minister,  and  during  this  long  period  lie  had  no 
assistant.  He  \vas  a  popular  preacher,  a  respectable  scholar,  and  a  wise 
counsellor.  He  preached  before  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery 
Company  in  1789,  before  the  convention  of  Congregational  ministers  in 
1793,  and  he  delivered  the  Dudleian  lecture  sermon  in  Cambridge  in  1795. 
He  was  also  chosen  to  deliver  sermons  on  many  other  occasions  ;  and  he  took 
part  at  ordinations  and  meetings  of  charitable  institutions,  and  preached 
on  days  of  public  observance.     Many  of  his  sermons  were  printed ;  and 


his  discourse  on  the  deatli  of  Washington  was   publislied  by  the  especial 
desire  of  tlie  town. 

Dr.  Barnard  was  a  whole-hearted  man  who  loved  his  kind.  Men  of 
diverse  tastes  and  varying  degrees  of  culture  found  themselves  drawn  to 
him,  won  by  his  genial,  sympathetic,  and  comprehensive  manliness.  He 
evoked  in  others  the  spirit  that  animated  himself  He  was  a  reconciler  of 
quarrels,  not  by  studied  compromises,  but  by  native  courtesy  and  magna- 
nimity. In  his  religious  views  Dr.  Barnard  was  liberal ;  and  his  society  had 
had  sucli  teaching,  that  it  was  ready  after  his  death  to  take  its  place  among 
the  churches  known  as  Unitarian.  Tradition  states  that  on  one  occasion 
a  parishioTier  said,  "  Dr.  Barnard,  I  never  heard  you  preach  a  sermon  upon 
the  Trhiity,"  to  which  he  replied,  "  And  you  never  will." 

When  the  Revolutionary  War  broke  out,  he  was  only  twenty-seven 
years  old.  Many  of  the  members  of  liis  church  were  inclined  to  be  loyal- 
ists, and  he  himself  leaned  to  the  side  of  concession.  He  even  went  so  far 
as  to  sign  the  complimentary  address  to  Governor  Hutchinson ;  but  he 
afterwards  joined  the  party  of  resistance  with  no  doubtful  devotion,  and 
publicly  recalled  some  of  the  expressions  of  opinion  to  which  he  had  sub- 
scribed. He  seems  to  have  done  all  this  with  such  frankness  and  fearless- 
ness as  to  have  put  his  honesty  and  patriotism  beyond  question,  and  to 
have  retained  the  friendship  of  men  of  both  sides,  —  even  of  men  whom 
the  Revolution  had  divided  from  each  otlier.  On  the  occasion  of  Colonel 
Leslie's  being  prevented  from  crossing  the  North  Bridge,  Dr.  Barnard  was 
conspicuous  in  his  successful  efforts  to  prevent  bloodshed.  On  the  approach 
of  Leslie's  force,  he  dismissed  the  congregation  and  hastened  to  the  bridge. 
Accosting  the  British  officer,  who  stood  baffled  and  exasperated  before  the 
raised  draw,  he  remonstrated  with  him  so  successfully  that  the  threat  of 
firing  on  the  people  across  the  river  was  abandoned. 

The  Rev.  John  Prince,  of  the  First  Cliiu-ch  of  Salem,  preached  a  sermon 
before  the  North  Church  Society,  Oct.  16,  1814,  on  the  occasion  of  Dr. 
Barnard's  death. 

There  is  a  wax  profile  of  Dr.  Barnard  at  the  Essex  Institute,  and  a 
similar  one  is  owned  by  J.  Orne  Green,  ]\[.D.  [10.  VIII.  118].  The  en- 
gi-aving  of  Dr.  Barnard  in  "The  First  Centenary  of  the  North  Church"  is 

TBT"*"^    J^-.'-^-T  -rr_^    -^* 



*|E       :rE&.! 


: j%5=.   •; 

...   ,,,..,:-^, 

fe^'                                  ^ . 

/  '^ "  ""■■'■' "■  .  .. 


.     ■■         ■  -  ■  ..-:.:—■;„■  'V^j 


,_ _.. '    ••~r""""\l_ 





_....  Ji„lv,ij«t  ;«1..: .Tt-^UiiCi!! 

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BUILT    L\    1740. 


probably  taken  from  the  wax  profile  at  the  Essex  Institute.  This  society 
lias  also  a  quaint  full  length  silhouette  of  him.  The  North  Cluirch  Society 
of  Salem  has  a  portrait  of  Dr.  Barnard  done  in  pastel,  which  was  given  to  it 
by  the  Bridges  family.     The  heliotype  we  give  was  taken  from  tliis  picture. 

Dr.  Barnard's  house,  a  heliotype  of  which  is  also  given,  was  built  by 
Judge  Timothy  Lindall,  in  1740,  and  was  once  occupied  by  the  King's 
collector.  It  is  situated  on  the  south  side  of  Essex  Street,  and  numbered 
three  hundred  and  ninety-three.  The  land  belonging  to  the  house  once 
extended  to  Warren  Street  and  contained  about  an  acre.  Dr.  Barnard 
had  a  beautiful  garden,  which  was  kept  in  fine  order ;  and  he  dealt  out  his 
flowers  with  a  liberal  hand  to  the  girls  and  boys,  especially  on  holidays, 
for  he  was  very  fond  of  children.  After  his  death  the  place  was  sold  to 
Mr.  Andrews,  whose  family  still  own  it.^ 

Dr.  Barnard  was  a  son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  and  Mary  (Woodbridge) 
Barnard,  of  Salem.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families  :  Barnard, 
Marvin,  Price,  "Wood,  ]tlartyn,  Holyoke,  Stockton,  White,  King,  Swift, 
Capen,  Woodbridge,  Dudley,  Jones,  Gemsh,  Lowell,  Sewall,  Hunt, 
Dummer,   Archer.      See  Ancestry  Tables  |^ 

5.  VI.  6.  George  Gardner  [Esther  3-5.  V.  3],  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  July  24,  1743,  died  in  Salem.    A  merchant.    Residence  :  Salem. 

Mr.  Gardner  made  his  will  June  22,  1771,  and  it  was  proved  Feb.  7, 
1774.  After  certain  private  bequests,  he  left  the  remainder  of  his  estate 
to  his  brother,  Weld  Gardner,  and  to  the  heirs  of  his  body  ;  but,  in  failure 
of  such  heirs,  then  to  the  town  of  Salem  £400,  for  the  poor;  £1333  to 
Harvard  College,  for  the  education  of  poor  scholars ;  and  £2000  to  the 
Marine  Society  of  Salem.  His  brother,  Weld  Gardner,  was  named  as  his 

>  Annals  of  the  American  Pulpit,  by  "William  B.  Sprague,  Vol.  VIII.  pp.  16-18; 
obituaries  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Tuesday,  Oct.  4,  1814,  and  in  The  Salem  Kegister 
of  October,  1814;  The  American  Biographical  Dictionary,  by  William  Allen,  p.  65;  The 
First  Centenary  of  the  North  Church,  and  Society  in  Salem,  p.  13,  ct  seq.  ;  Essex  Institute 
Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IV.  p.  274;  Record  Book  of  Francis  H.  Lee,  and  the  Salem 

'  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  350,  pp.  107-108 ;  files,  No.  10,616. 


5.  VI.  7.  Weld  Gc.rdner  [Esther  3-5.  V.  3],  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  Dec.  8,  1745,  died  in  Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence:  Salem.^ 

A  notice  of  ]Mr.  Gardner's  death  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Nov.  3,  1801, 
says  he  died  "in  this  town  yesterday  in  the  56""  year  of  his  age,"  and 
speaks  of  him  as  a  merchant  and  as  a  son  of  the  late  Samuel  Gardner,  Esq. 
It  adds  that  by  his  death  the  town  of  Salem  received  the  legacies,  enu- 
merated above,  under  his  brother  George  Gardner's  will. 

Weld  Gardner  lived  in  what  had  once  been  liis  father's  house,  in 
company  with  his  first  cousin,  Captain  Thomas  Lee.^ 

5.  VI.  8.  Henry  Gardner  [Esther  3-5.  V.  3],  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  Oct.  18,  1747,  died  in  Maiden,  Mass.  A  merchant.  Residence  : 

Mr.  Gardner,  H.  C.  1765,  was  for  many  years  a  merchant  in  Salem. 
He  was  a  loyalist  during  the  Revolution,  and  was  one  of  those  who 
signed  the  address  to  General  Gage  on  his  arrival  in  1774.  The  last 
six  years  of  his  life  were  spent  in  Maiden  with  the  Rev.  Aaron  Green 
[10.  VI.  57],  who  administered  upon  his  estate,  Nov.  11,  1817.  His 
remains  and  those  of  his  wife  were  buried  in  the  tomb  of  the  Hon.  John 
Osborne,  in   the   Granary  Burying  Ground  in  Boston.^ 

5.  VI.  8.  Sarah  Turtier,  his  wife,  born  in  Salem,  baptized  there  May 
3,  1747,  died  in  Boston. 

Mrs.  Gardner  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  First  Church,  July  22, 
1770.  She  was  buried  in  the  tomb  of  the  Hon.  John  Osborne,  in  the 
Granary  Burying  Ground,  Boston, 

Her  sister,  Mary  Turner,  married  Daniel  Sargent,  of  Boston,  the  an- 
cestor of  William  Story  Sargent  [2G.  IX.  415'\  and  George  Among  Sargent 
[12.  X.  161]  ;  and  her  aunt,   Mary  Turner,  married  Ebenezer  Bowditch, 

»  The  First  Centenary  of  the  Xorth  Church  and  Society  in  Salem,  p.  205,  gives  the 
date  of  his  death  as  Nov.  6;  but  the  Salem  Gazette,  of  Xov.  3,  states  that  he  died 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VI.  p.  107. 

'  The  First  Centenary  of  the  Xorth  Church  and  Society  in  Salem,  p.  205 ;  The  Ameri- 
can Loyalists,  by  Lorenzo  Sabine,  p.  316.    • 




-  ■-  '.     . 






f     ■ 



.        .''-•:-''^'" 




[5-5d.    vr.    9] 

From  the  Portrait  .now  ix   the  possession  of  Miss  Fidblia  Bridge 
OF  Canaan,  Conn. 


of  Salem,  the  ancestor  of  J.  Injer^oll  Bowdifch,  (44.  VIII.  4Go).  She  was 
a  daugliter  of  John  and  Mary  ((J.sborne)  Turner,  of  Salem.  Her  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families  :  Turner,  Hill,  Roberts,  Kitchen,  Saun- 
ders, Weld,. Clap,  Mitchelson,  Bushell,  Osborne,  Davis,  "Woodbury.     See 


5-5'*.  VI.  9.  Eliza"betli  Gardner  [Esther  3-5.  V.  3],  born  in 
Salem,    baptized  there  June  3,   1750,    died  in  Andover,    Mass. 

She  is  said  to  have  been  very  beautiful.  There  is  a  portrait  of  her 
done  in  pastel  now  in  possession  of  her  granddaughter.  Miss  Fidelia  Bridges 
of  Canaan,  Conn.  The  heliotype  here  given  is  from  this  ])icture.  Her 
will,  made  June  4,  1832,  and  proved  May  20,  1834,  mentions  the  grand- 
children of  her  late  son,  Nathaniel  G.  Dabney  ;  daughter  Fidelia,  wife  of 
Captain  John  Endicott ;  her  son,  Heury  Gardner  Bridges,  and  her  daughter 
Elizabeth  Stevens.' 

5-5'*.  VI.  9^.  Xathaniel  Dnhney,  her  first  husband,  born  probably  in 
Boston,  died  at  sea.     An  apothecary.     Residence:  Salem. 

Dr.  Dabney's  business  advertisement  appears  in  the  Essex  Gazette  of 
July  23,  1771,  and  of  May  4,  1773.  The  advertisement  of  the  latter  date 
is  long,  and  shows  a  cut  of  the  bust  of  Hippocrates  on  a  pedestal. 
The  identical  bust  and  pedestal  which  stood  in  front  of  his  shop  is  now 
in  the  possession  of  the  Essex  Institute.  The  advertisement  begins  as 
follows : 

"  Nathaniel  Dabney  Informs  his  customers  in  To'A'n  and  Country  that  among  his 
large  Assortment  of  Drugs,  Medicines  and  Groceries,  which  he  has  just  received  by 
the  Captains  Calef,  Folgier,  Ackworth,  from  London,  and  to  be  sold  at  his  Shop  at 
the  Head  of  Hippocrates  in  Salem,  .  .  .  ." 

Mr.  Dabney  was  a  loyalist  at  the  time  of  the  Revolution,  and  fled  to 
Halifax,  and  afterwards  to  England  and  France.  On  returning  to  America, 
he  was  lost  at  sea.  His  death  probably  occurred  before  June  7,  1784,  for 
on  this  date  administration  on  his  estate  Avas  granted  to  his  widow.'^ 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  409,  p.  129;  files,  No.  26,332. 
"  Ibid.,  Vol.  357,  p.  3S;  files,  No.  6,990. 


Dr.  Dabuey  was  a  son  of  Charles  and  Elizabeth  (Gardner)  Dabney  of 
Boston.      See  Ancestry  Tables  ^^,. 

5*.  VI.  ^.  James  Bridget,  the  second  husband  of  Elizabeth  Gardner, 
born  in  Andover,  Mass.,  died  in  Andover.    A  farmer.     Residence  :  Andover. 

Mr.  Bridires'  granddaughter,  Miss  Fidelia  Bridges,  writes  that  he  was  an 
only  son  with  nine  sisters,  and  that  he  inherited  the  paternal  estate  which 
had  been  held  by  the  Bridges  family  for  two  hundred  years.  Miss  Bridges 
has  a  number  of  old  family  papers,  besides  several  interesting  family  heir- 
looms. Mr.  Bridges  appears  to  have  been  a  gentleman  farmer.  His  widow 
administered  upon  his  estate,  Feb.  1,  1790,  and  at  the  same  time  was  ap- 
pointed guardian  of  his  two  children.^ 

He  was  the  son  of  Moody  and  Naomi  (Frye)  Bridges  of  Andover.- 
His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Bridges,  Howe,  Dane,  Mars- 
ton,  Moody,  Bradbury,  Perkins,  3Iorse,  Sawyer,  Frye,  Aslett,  Ayer,  Far- 
num,  Sibborns,  Haskell,  Tybbot,  Graves.     See  Ancestry  Tables  ^^,. 

5*.  VI.  9^.  Ebenexer  Stevens,  the  third  husband  of  Elizabeth  Gardner, 
born  in  Andover,  Mass.,  died  in  Andover.    A  farmer.    Residence  :  Andover. 

In  his  will  of  April  13,  1818,  which  was  proved  Feb.  20,  1821,  he  calls 
himself  yeoman,  and  speaks  of  his  wife  and  daughter  Elizabeth.^ 

He  was  probably  a  son  of  Jacob  Stevens,  of  Andover,  who  married 
Tabitha  Famum,  Dec.  7,  1748.     Ancestkt  Tables  f.. 

6.  VI.  11.  Rebecca  Orne  [Timothy  6-7.  V.  4],  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  July  31,  1748,  died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Cabot  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  First  Church,  Salem,  April 
2,  1769.* 

Her  portrait,  taken  when  a  child,  was  painted  by  Joseph  Badger.  A 
heliotype  of  it  is  here  given.     This  picture,  with  the  pictures  of  her  sister, 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Kecords,  Vol.  3G0,  pp.  308,  3G9 ;  files,  No.  3,300. 

*  For  some  account  of  the  Bridges  Family,  see  Historical  Sketches  of  Andover,  :Mass., 
by  Sarah  Loring  Bailey,  pp.  110,  111;  also  pedigree  in  the  New  England  Historical  and 
Genealogical  Register,  Vol.  VIII.  p.  252. 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  397,  p.  145;  files,  No.  26,325. 

*  Records  of  the  First  Church  Salem. 


[6.     VI.     II,] 

From   the  Portrait   bv   Jo5F.rn   B\dgkr,  painted  about   1758.   now   in 


Saltonstall,  of  Boston. 

jivvs-jjiri  j-mmJKma^A 


^  -^- 


[6.   vr.   11.] 

From   a   Miniature   now    in   the   posse^siox   of  Francis  Henry    Lee, 
Esq.,  of  Salem,  Mass. 








Bun;r  about  1745. 

[6.     VI.    11] 


mother,  father,  and  grandmother,  came  into  the  possession  of  her  grandson, 
Joseph  S.  Cabot,  of  Salem,  whose  widow  a  few  years  ago  gave  them  to  the 
late  Mrs.  William  G.  Saltonstall  [1.  IX.  12].  They  are  now  in  the  posses- 
sion of  Mrs.  Saltonstall's  children. 

Rebecca' Orne's  marriage  was  announced  in  tlie  Essex  Gazette  of  Aug. 
2  to  9,  1768,  as  follows  ;  — 

"On  Tliursdav  Evening:  last,  Mr.  Joseph  C.vbot,  of  this  Town,  was  married  to 
Miss  Rebecca  Orne,  eldest  Daughter  of  Mr.  Timothy  Okn'e,  hite  an  eminent  Merchant 
of  this  Place." 

6.  VI.  11.  Joseph  Cabot,  her  husband,  born  in  Salem,  baptized  there 
Jan.  26,  1745-6,  died  in  Salem.     Residence:  Salem. 

He  was  called  Captain  Cabot,  and  was  probably  a  shipmaster.  There 
is  a  small  miniature  of  him,  from  which  the  heliotype  here  given  was  taken. 
It  is  now  in  the  possession  of  Francis  H.  Lee  [1.  IX.  9].  We  also  give 
a  heliotj'pe  of  liis  house,  situated  on  Essex  Street,  Salem,  since  owned  by 
Judge  William  C.  Endicott.  It  was  built  for  his  father  by  a  strolling  Eng- 
lish architect,  who  built  at  the  same  time  the  Pickman  house  and  the 
Governor  Gage  house.^ 

Captain  Cabot  w\as  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  (Higginson)  Cabot, 
of  Salem.  Elizabeth  Cabot  [1-2.  VI.  2^]  was  his  sister ;  Francis  Cabot  [48. 
VI.  80']  was  his  brother ;  Francis  Higrjinson  [3.  Y\.  4']  was  his  uncle  ; 
Marianne  Cabot  [48.  VII.  264']  '^vas  his  niece;  Elimbeth  Perkins  Cabot 
[2.  VIII.  15]  is  his  grandniece  ;  Bichard  Clarke  Cabot  [51.  IX.  1032]  is 
his  great-grandnephew  ;  and  Deborah  Cabot  [2  W.  2']  was  his  first  cousin. 
His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families:  Cabot,  Orne,  Thompson, 
Higginson,  "Wliitfield,  Sheafe,  Savage,  Symmes,  Gai-dner,  Frier,  Orne, 
Browne,  Boardman,  Bull,  Truesdale,  Halton.     See  Axcestry  Tables  ^. 

6.  VI.  12.  Timothy  Orne  [Timothy  6-7.  V.  4],  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  May  6,  1750,  died  in  Danvers,  Mass.  A  merchant.  Residence: 

'  Francis  H.  Lee. 

»  His  death  is  given  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Tuesday,  Dec.  29,  1789,  as  "last  Satur- 
day," which  was  the  2(3th.  It  is  given  as  Dec.  23,  1789,  in  The  ISTew  England  Historical 
and  Geuealogical  Register,  Vol.  V.  p.  53. 


Mr.  Orue,  II.  C.  17GS,  like  his  father,  l)CCiune  a  merchant.  During  the 
troublesome  times  of  the  Revolution,  in  common  with  those  of  many  of  his 
connections,  his  sympathies  were  with  the  mother  country,  and  he  suffered 
accordingly.  In  1774,  he  was  one  of  tliose  who  signed  the  address  to 
General  Gage;  and  in  1775,  he  was  seized  by  a  mob  with  the  intention 
of  tarring  and  feathering  him ;  they,  however,  were  persuaded  to  relinquish 
their  design.^ 

His  will,  in  which  he  is  styled  gentleman,  was  made  Dec.  22,  1789, 
and  proved  Feb.  1,  1790." 

6.  VI.  12.  EfixabrfJi  Pijnchou,  his  wife,  bom  probably  in  Salem, 
died  in  Roxbury,  Mass. 

Her  miniature,  which  was  painted  by  Verstille,  has  been  heliotyped  for 
this  work.  It  was  formerly  in  the  possession  of  her  grandson,  the  late  Dr. 
William  Mack,  of  Salem. 

Mrs.  Orne  was  a  daughter  of  William  and  Catherine  (Sewall)  Pynchon, 
of  Salem.^  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families:  Pynchon,  Wyllis, 
Hubbard,  Rogers,  Crane,  Brewer,  IMorrill,  Chauncy,  Eyre,  Strong,  Ford, 
Sewall,  Hunt,  Dnmmer,  Archer,  Mitchell,  Boradel,  Cabot,  Orne,  Thomp- 
son.    See  Ancestry  Tables  ^'. 

6.  VI.  13.  Sarah  Orne  [Timothy  6-7.  V.  4],  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  June  7,  1752,  died  in  Salem. 

The  following  notice  of  her  man-iage  is  taken  from  the  Essex  Gazette 
of  Tuesday,  July  24  to  31,  1770:  — 

"Mr.  Clark  Gatton  PrcKMAX,  Merchant,  Son  of  the  Hon.  Benjamin  Pickman, 
Esq;  was  last  Tuesday  married  to  Miss  Sarah  Orne,  Dangliter  of  Mr.  Timothy  Orxe, 
deceased,  late  an  eminent  Merchant  in  this  Place ;  —  a  young  Lady  with  a  Fortune  of 
about  Three  Thousand  Pounds  Sterlins." 

'  The  American  Loyalists,  by  Lorenzo  Sabine,  p.  498;  New  England  Historical  and 
Genealogical  Register,  Vol.  V.  p.  .")3. 

"  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  360,  p.  374  ;  files,  Xo.  20,10G. 

'  For  an  account  of  the  Pynchon  Family,  see  The  Heraldic  Journal,  Vol.  II. 
pp.  49-53. 


[6.    VI.    ...] 

From   the  Miniaturf    lv   V'LRsTtLLH,  fijrmerly   in   thk   rosstssioN   of 
THE  LATE  William  Mack.  M.D,,  of  Salem,  Mass. 

J  1/ 

\     // 


i^,         t-^' 

■I  f 



-1 1 



SALEM,   MASS.,   P.ITLT    IX    1764. 

[6,     VI.     13.] 



[7.    vr.     ,5.] 

From  the  Portrait  by  Joskpii  B\rH-.ER,  painted  aboi-t  175S,  xow  in  tii 

POSSESSION      of     the      HEIRS     OF    THE     LATE     jMrs.     WilLIAM      GURDo: 

Sai.tonstaei.,  of  Bos  I  on. 


6.  VI.  13.  Cliivk  Gaijton  PichnKni,  her  husband,  bom  in  S;ilem, 
baptized  there  Aug.  3,  1746,  died  in  Salem.  A  merchant.  Residence: 

We  give  a  heliotype  ot  the  mansion-house  built  and  occupied  by  him. 
It  is  still  standing  on  the  corner  of  "Washington  and  Lynde  streets,  Salem ; 
Ijut  it  has  undergone  several  alterations  since  his  time. 

He  was  a  son  of  the  Hon.  Benjamin  and  Love  (Rawlins)  Pickman,  of 
Salem.  William  Pichnan  [50.  VI.  So'\  was  his  brother,  and  Mary  Toppan 
Pickman  [6.  IX.  73^1  was  his  grandniece.  His  ancestry  includes  the  fol- 
lowing families  :  Pickman,  Hardy,  Lindall,  Veren,  Rawlins,  English.  See 
An'CESTrt  Tables  -g'. 

7.  VI.  15.  Lois  Orne  [Timothy  6-7.  V.  4],  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  Feb.  22,  1756,  died  in  Worcester,  Mass. 

The  following  notice  of  her  marriage  appeared  in  the  Essex  Gazette  of 
Tuesday,  Sept.  21  to  28,  1773:  — 

"  Week  Doctor  WILLIAM  PAIXE,  of  Worcester,  to  Miss  LOIS  ORXE, 
Daughter  of  Mr.  Timothy  Okne,  late  an  eminent  Merchant  of  this  Place,  deceased  ; 
a  young  Lady  in  Possession  of  a  large  Fortune." 

The  following  account  of  Mrs.  Paine  is  printed  in  the  Chandler 
Genealogy :  — 

"She  was  a  young  lady  with  a  fortune  of  =£3000.  The  service  of  plate,  magnifi- 
cent for  our  own.  as  well  as  ancient  days,  which  ]Mis3  Orne  brought  into  the  Paine 
family,  attest  alike  the  solidity  of  her  fortune  and  the  lustre  of  her  descent,  bearing 
upon  it  the  oft  repeated  broad  shield  and  ducal  coronet  of  the  princely  house  of  Horn. 
Her  miniature  was  at  the  house  of  Joseph  S.  Cabot,  Esq.  Saleiu,  Mass."  - 

^  The  date  of  his  death  is  given  in  The  First  Centenary  of  the  North  Church  and 
Society  in  Sak-m,  p.  214,  as  Xov.  29,  1781.  This  was  Thursday,  aud  the  Salem  Gazette 
of  Thursday,  Dec.  6,  17S1,  states  that  he  died  "last  Friday"  which  was  Xov.  30.  It  is 
erroneously  given  as  Nov.  30,  17S9,  in  A  Genealogy  of  the  Descendants  of  John,  Chris- 
topher, and  William  Osgood,  by  Ira  Osgood,  p.  89. 

'  The  Chandler  Family,  by  Dr.  George  Chandler,  p.  240,  gives  the  date  of  her  mar- 
riage as  "at  Salem  ]Mass  23  Sept.  1773,  — Lincoln's  Papers  say,  m.  at  Hampton  Fall,  23 
Sppt.  1773, — by  license  from  His  Excellency  J.  Wentworth."  Others  give  it  as  Sept. 
21  and  Sept.  22,  1773. 


The  lieliotype  liero  given  is  taken  from  lier  portrait,  which  was  puiiUi  .1 
when  she  was  a  child  by  Joseph  Badger.  It  is  now  in  the  possession  <■( 
the  children  of  her  great-granddaughter,  Mrs.  AVilliam  G.  Saltonstall,  ui 

7.  VL  15.  William  Paine,  her  husband,  born  in  Worcester,  ^Mass., 
died  in  Worcester.     A  physician.     Residence :  Worcester. 

Dr.  Paine,  H.  C.  1768,  on  graduating  began  the  study  of  medicine  with 
Dr.  Edward  A.  Ilolyoke,  of  Salem.  In  1771,  he  entered  upon  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession  in  Worcester,  in  connection  with  the  business  ct" 
an  apothecary.  About  the  year  1772,  he,  with  two  other  physicians, 
formed  the  firm  of  Paine  &  Co.,  and  opened  the  first  apothecary-shop 
in  Worcester  County.  He  retired  from  this  business  soon  after  the  bre;ik- 
ing  out  of  the  Revolution.  His  family  were  friendly  to  the  crown  ;  and 
he  himself  was  a  decided  loyalist,  and  took  an  active  part  in  the  politir,^ 
of  the  day. 

About  1774,  Dr.  Paine  went  to  England,  and  returned  to  this  countrv 
just  after  the  war  had  begun.  Finding  that  he  was  denounced  as  an 
absentee  and  loyalist,  he  re-embarked  for  Liverpool,  deciding  to  devote  him- 
self to  the  study  of  medicine  abroad.  After  a  year's  attendance  at  tlie 
hospitals,  having  received  the  degree  of  M.D.  from  the  Marischal  College, 
Aberdeen,  he  was  appointed  to  the  office  of  apothecary  to  the  Englisli 
forces  in  America.  He  held  this  position  till  1781,  when  he  returned 
to  England,  and  also  \'isited  the  continent.  In  1782,  he  returned  to 
America,  as  physician  to  the  English  army,  and  remained  on  duty  at 
Halifax  till  the  reduction  of  the  forces  in  1783,  when  he  was  discharged 
on  half-pay. 

In  tlie  sunnner  of  1784,  Dr.  Paine  took  possession  of  La  Tete,  an  island 
in  Passamaquoddy  Buy,  which  had  been  granted  to  him  by  the  Englisli 
government  for  his  services  in  the  war.  He  built  a  house  o)i  the  island  ; 
but  his  wife  could  not  content  herself  in  such  a  solitary  abode,  and  he  soon 
afterwards  removed  to  St.  John,  and  practised  his  profession  there.  lb' 
was  elected  a  member  of  the  Assembly  of  New  Brunswick,  was  appointed 
clerk  of  the  House,  and  filled  a  number  of  other  offices.  But  when  the  act 
of  banishment  was  repealed,  in  the  summer  of  1787,  he  went  to  Salem. 

[7.    V[     15] 

FRUM    TIU.    P\STEl.    PORTR.' 

Miss  Su^\n  Tr 


)F    WORCESIKK,    M.\ 

SIXTH    a  EXE  BAT  I  OX.  191 

After  his  fatlitr's  deatli  in  1793,  he  returned  to  Worcester,  and  continued  to 
live  in  the  paternal  mansion  till  his  death.  His  grandson,  the  Rev.  George 
S.  Paine,  of  "Worcester,  writes  that  Dr.  Paine  liked  to  call  himself  a  farmer, 
and  "  a  great  deal  of  money  he  spent  to  keep  up  the  character." 

Dr.  Paine  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the  American  Antiquarian  Society, 
and  its  first  vice-president.  In  1815,  he  delivered  an  address  before  the 
society  at  King's  Chapel,  Boston.  This  address  was  pinnted.  He  was  a 
Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society  of  Northern  Antiquaries  of  Copenhagen,  of  the 
American  Society  of  Arts  and  Sciences,  and  of  several  other  societies. 

The  following  letter,  dated  May  24,  1892,  was  written  by  Ids  grand- 
daughter, Mrs.  Henry  P.  Sturgis  :  — 

"  He  was  very  particular  as  to  the  manners  of  his  grandchildren  and  they  always 
drank  his  health  every  day  at  dinner  with  a  drop  of  wine.  He  was  always /r«f  in  the 
town  of  Worcester  in  company  with  his  family,  and  to  tlie  day  of  his  death  did  not 
understand  that  manners  and  customs  had  changed,  and  said  to  my  mother  once 
■when  she  was  in  a  hurry  to  go  to  a  lecture, '  They  will  not  begin  until  you  get  there.' 
He  was  buried  in  the  old  cemetery  on  Mechanics  street,  "Worcester,  but  was  removed 
later  to  the  Rural  Cemetery  with  his  wife  Lois  Orne  Paine.  Dr.  Paine  travelled 
with  Lord  Winchilsea  and  his  daughter  Lady  Charlotte  Finch  in  Portugal,  as  their 
private  physician,  and  the  latter  gave  him  a  very  handsome  engraved  silver  tea-caddy, 
a  gold  boot,  and  a  brush,  the  two  latter  for  charms  to  his  watch.  The  caddy  is  now 
owned  in  the  Paine  family,  &  the  other  things  are  in  the  Lee  family.  Dr.  Paine  was 
an  intimate  friend  of  the  Duke  of  Kent  when  they  were  both  at  Halifax  and  the  tradi- 
tion in  the  family  is  that  the  Duke  kissed  Mrs.  Rose  while  a  baby. 

"The  island  of  La  Tote  is  now  uninhabited  except  by  fishermen.  I  saw  one  hut 
on  the  place. 

"  Dr.  Paine  is  well  remembered  in  St.  John,  and  when  I  was  there  a  few  years 
since  the  Governor  of  New  Brunswick  called  upon  me.  1  was  invited  to  Government 
House,  Fredcricton,  and  was  invited  to  send  Dr.  Paine's  picture  to  hang  in  the  Gov- 
ernor's mansion,  which  I  did. 

"Dr.  Paine  was  one  of  the  early  founders  of  the  Unitarian  Church  in  Worcester, 
having  left  The  Old  South  (Orthodox)  under  the  leadership  of  Dr.  Aaron  Bancroft." 

Several  pictures  of  Dr.  Paine  are  still  in  existence.  His  portrait,  by 
Harding,  is  at  the  family  mansion  in  Worcester;  and  a  miniature  on  ivory 
is  now  in  the  possession  of  his  great-grandson,  Frederick  AVilliam  Paine, 
of  Brookline,  Mass.     A  pastel,  by  Earle,  representing  him  as  a  young  man 


in  court  costume,  from  wliicli  the  litliotype  is  tukeu,  is  now  in  the  posses- 
sion of  Miss  Susan  Trumbull,  of  Worcester,  ]\[ass. 

Dr.  Paine's  residence,  known  as  "  The  Oaks,"  is  now  owned  by  his 
grandson,  the  Rev.  George  Sturgis  Paine.  It  is  situated  on  Lincoln  Street, 
Worcester.  It  was  begun  before  the  Kevolution,  and  finished  about  1777- 
1778.  For  many  years  it  had  more  than  a  local  reputation;  and  its  large 
and  beautiful  gardens  were  much  \asited  by  lovers  of  nature.  A  heliotype 
of  it  is  here  given.' 

Dr.  Paine  was  a  son  of  Timothy  and  Sarah  (Chandler)  Paine,  of 
Worcestei".  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Paine,  Rainsford, 
Sunderland,  Clark,  Clark,  Anderson  (?),  Chandler,  Douglas,  Mattle,  Ray- 
mond, Smith,  Bourne,  Gardiner,  AVilemson,  King,  Ludlam.  See  Ancestey 
Tables   ^\. 

7.  VI.  16.  Esther  Orne  [Timothy  6-7.  V.  4],  born  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  April  16,  1758,  died  in  Salem." 

Her  descendants,  the  Misses  Clarke,  of  Chicago,  III.,  have  several  inter- 
esting pieces  of  jewelry  and  old  plate,  which  belonged  to  her.  Among 
them  is  a  pair  of  gold  and  enamel  bracelets  set  in  pearls.  The  following 
description  of  these  bracelets  was  written  in  June,  1879,  by  Miss  Esther  C. 
Mack  [7.  Vni.  77]  :  — 

"The  bracelets  were  made  in  England  for  grandmother  Clarke,  and  represent 
my  grandfather  Clarke,  said  to  be  painted  with  paint  from  liair.  The  mate  to  it  re- 
presents grandmother  and  grandfather  Clarke,  uncle  Cliarlcs  Clarke,  aunt  Esther,  and 
mother.  This  is  the  whole  family.  Mother  is  picking  flowers.  The  three  dead 
branches  represent  the  3  other  children  who  died  in  infancy." 

The  following  notice  of  ^Irs.  Clarke's  death  appeared  in  the  Salem 
Register  of  Thursday,  Sept.  28,  1848  :  — 

»  The  American  Loyalists,  by  Lorenzo  Sabine,  VoL  2,  pp.  144-145;  The  Chandler 
Family,  by  George  Chandler,  pp.  240-242 ;  The  Paine  Family  Eecords,  by  H.  D.  Paine. 
pp.  57-58,  77-78;  and  the  History  of  Worcester,  Mass.,  by  "William  Lincoln,  1837, 
pp.  255,  256. 

'  Francis  H.  Lee  gives  the  date  of  her  marriage  as  June  7  ;  while  the  Nichols 
Family  Records  stated  it  as  June  17. 

MASS.,   BUILT    ABOUT    1777-7S. 



kiiiii'ii'»«'<m  II  mail 


1 7-     VI.     Iti.] 

[48.     VI.     77.] 

From  the  Portrait  bv  Henry  .Sakgent,  pvixruD  i.v  1-9S,  formerly  tn  the 



"25th  inst.  Madam  Esther  Clarke  aged  90  —  a  daughter  of  Timothy  Orne  of 
Salem,  and  the  respected  and  venerable  relict  of  the  late  venerated  and  beloved  John 
Clarke,  pastor  of  the  First  Church  in  Boston." 

The  five  Orne  portraits  non-  in  possession  of  the  heirs  of  Mrs.  William 
G.  Saltonstall  [1.  IX.  12],  lieliotypes  of  which  appear  in  tliis  work,  were 
said  by  the  late  Dr.  William  Mack  [6.  VIII.  54]  to  have  belonged  to 
Esther  Orne  and  to  have  been  sent  by  her  to  her  sister,  Rebecca  Cabot. 

7.  VI.  16.  John  Clavh-e,  the  husband  of  Esther  Orne,  born  in  Ports- 
mouth, N.  H.,^  died  in  Boston.     A  minister.     Residence  :   Boston. 

Dr.  Chirke,  H.  C.  1774,  at  first  engaofed  in  teaching,  pursuing  during 
his  leisure  moments  the  .study  of  theology.  While  in  college,  he  gained 
the  respect  of  his  tutors  by  his  strict  obedience  to  the  hxws,  and  by  his 
high  moral  character.  On  July  8,  1778,  he  was  ordained  as  the  colleague 
of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Charles  Chauncy,  of  the  First  Church,  Boston.  He  lived 
on  the  most  intimate  terms  with  Dr.  Chauncy  for  nine  years,  and  then 
labored  alone  till  April  1,  1798,  when,  in  the  midst  of  his  afternoon  dis- 
course, he  was  seized  with  apoplexy  and  fell  down  in  his  pulpit.  He  died 
the  next  morning  at  three  o'clock. 

He  possessed  such  a  mild,  cheerful  temper,  and  such  an  easy  polite- 
ness of  manner,  that  he  endeared  liimself  to  all  his  acquaintance.  He  was 
always  a  close  student  and  fond  of  literary  and  philosophical  researches  ; 
but  his  time  was  principally  devoted  to  the  investigation  of  every  branch 
of  theology,  and  his  sermons  bore  the  marks  of  penetration,  judgment,  and 

A  particular  affection  and  regard  always  existed  between  him  and  his 
uncle.  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering.  They  had  been  in  frequent  coiTespon- 
dence  from  the  time  Dr.  Clarke  was  in  college.  The  uncle  looked  upon 
liim  as  one  of  his  sons,  and  was  proud  of  his  usefulness,  attainments,  and 
reputation.  Dr.  Clarke  reciprocated  the  personal  attachment  and  revered 
his  uncle's  character.^ 

'  The  Xew  England  Historical  and  Genealogical  Register,  Vol.  IX.,  p.  76,  gives  the 
date  of  his  birth  as  April  13,  1755.  The  Xichols  Family  Eecords  and  Dr.  Henry  Wheat- 
land give  it  as  April  20  ;  while  Francis  Cabot  gives  it  as  April  17. 

»  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  III.  p.  312. 


lu  announcing  his  death  to  his  miclo,  Timothy  Pickering,  Timothy 
"Williams  [52.  VI.  90]  writes,  April  2,  1798,  as  follows:  — 

"  A  more  solemn  affecting  and  distressing  scene  to  the  family  and  all  the  rela- 
tions I  could  not  have  detailed.  Society  and  mankind  will  long  lament  the  loss  of  so 
much  learning  urbanity,  and  good  sense.  A  pure  unimpeachable  character  secured 
the  esteem  and  approbation  of  the  nrtuous  and  will  crown  him  with  glory  and  liappi- 
ness  in  another  world  "  ' 

Dr.  Clarke  received  the  degree  of  I).D.  from  tlie  Uni\'ersity  of  Edinburgh. 
His  diploma  was  in  the  possession  of  the  late  Dr.  William  Mack  [6.  VIII. 
54],  of  Salem.  Dr.  Mack  had  also  a  miniature  of  Dr.  Clarke,  and  a  portrait 
of  him  painted  by  Henry  Sargent  in  1798.  The  latter  has  been  helio- 
typed  for  this  work. 

An  obituary  notice  of  Dr.  Clarke  speaks  of  his  death  as  "an  irre- 
parable loss  to  his  profession,  to  science,  to  his  country  and  to  man- 
kind." =^ 

Dr.  Clarke  was  elected  a  counsellor  of  the  American  Academy,  and  was 
a  corresponding  secretary  of  the  Massachusetts  Humane  Society.  He 
was  the  author  of  "  Letters  to  a  Student  at  the  University  of  Cambridge,'' 
which  were  several  times  reprinted.  The  student  to  whom  these  letters 
were  addressed  was  his  cousin,  tlie  late  John  Pickering,  LL.D.  [58.  VI. 
109].  In  1799,  Dr.  Clarke's  sermons  were  printed  in  a  large  octavo  volume 
of  about  five  hundred  pages,  ha%ang  as  a  frontispiece  an  engraving  of  the 
author.  Besides  those  contained  in  this  volume,  others  of  his  sermons  were 
printed.  One  of  these  is  entitled  "  An  answer  to  the  question  '  Why  are 
you  a  Christian  ? '  "  Three  editions  of  this  sermon  have  been  published  in 
Boston  and  three  in  England.^ 

Dr.  Clarke  and  his  wife  were  second  cousins.  His  number  in  direct 
descent  is  [48.  VI.  75] : 

^  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  III.  p   313. 

*  Salem  Gazette,  Tuesday,  April  3,  179S. 

'  Annals  of  the  American  Pulpit,  by  William  B.  Sprague,  Vol.  VIII.  p.  105-112; 
Sermons  by  the  late  Reverend  John  Clarke,  D.D.,  xVppenJix,  pp.  1-27;  New  England 
Historical  Genealogical  Register,  Vol.  IX.  pp.  7.5,  7G ;  The  American  Biographical  Dic- 
tionary, by  William  Allen,  pp.  231,  232 ;   and  the  Columbian  Centmel  of  April  7,  1798. 


7.  VI.  18.  Samtiel  Orne  [Timotliy  6-7.  V.  4],  horn  in  Salem,  bap- 
tized there  Jan.  31,  17G2,  died  in  Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence:  Salem. 

Mr.  Orne  graduated  tVoin  Harvard  College  in  17S1. 

The  following  notice  of  his  death  appeared  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
Tuesday,  :^^arch   1,  178.'j  :  — 

"On  the  20th.  instaat,  in  the  22d  year  of  his  age,  Mr.  Samdel  Orne,  and  on  the 
Thursday  following  his  remains  were  very  respectfully  interred.  He  was  youngest 
son  of  the  deceased  Mr.  Timothy  Orne,  late  an  eminent  merchant  of  this  place." 

7.  VI.  20.  Mary  Diman  [Mary  8-9.  V.  6],  born  in  Salem,  died  in 
Maiden,  Mass. 

By  her  father's  will  she  received  jointly  with  her  sister,  Lois,  the  orchard 
land  adjoining  his  garden,  with  the  store  and  shop  thereon,  also  one  half  of 
his  household  goods.  She  also  had  an  equal  share  in  the  remainder  of  his 
property  after  other  becjuests  had  been  paid. 

8.  VI.  21.  James  Diman  [Mary  8-9.  V.  6],  bom  in  Salem,  died  in 
Stratham,  N.  H.     A  farmer.     Residence  :  Stratham.^ 

Mr.  Diman,  IT.  C.  1768,  is  said  by  his  granddaughter,  the  late  Mrs. 
James  Kimball,  to  have  been  a  merchant  of  Newburyport  and  Portsmouth, 
and  finally  to  have  removed  to  Stratham,  where  he  engaged  in  farming. 
Mrs.  Kimball  spoke  of  the  old  Diman  house  at  Stratham  as  situated  in  a 
lovely,  romantic  spot. 

James  Diman  is  spoken  of  in  his  father's  wall  as  '' eldest  son  of  Strat- 
ham, N.  H."      He  was  one  of  the  executors  of  the  will. 

8.  VI.  21.  Esther  JMerviU,  the  wife  of  James  Diman,  died  in  Strat- 
ham, N.  H. 

Her  granddaughter,  the  late  ^Irs.  Kiuiliall,  thought  that  she  was  born 
in  Salem,  that  she  was  an  oidy  child,  and  that  the  farm  on  which  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Diman  lived  had  been  given  to  Mrs.  Diman  by  her  uncle,  David 

'  Authorities  differ  as  to  the  date  of  his  death,  which  is  variously  given  as  Xov.  9, 
Dec.  4,  and  Dec.  20.  The  true  date  is  probably  Dee.  4,  which  is  given  by  his  grand- 
dauc;hter,  the  late  Mrs.  .James  Kimball. 


Mrs.    Diiuaii    was    a   daughteT   of  and    Esther  (Piper)    ^lerrill. 

Ancestry  Tables  ^J. 

9.  VI.  22.  Eunice  Diman  [^Liry  8-9.  V.  6],  born  in  Salem,  died  in 

Her  brother-in-law,  the  Rev.  Aaron  Green,  in  his  diary  records:  — 

"  Nov.  14,  179G  My  brother  and  Lady  went  to  Salem  to  attend  y'  funeral  of 
M"  Harriden." 

Bv  her  father's  will  she  received  "five  and  a  half  acres  of  land  very 
advantageouslv  situated  for  making" 

The  heliotype  here  given  was  taken  from  a  portrait  of  ilrs.  Ilaraden 
now  in  possession  of  the  widow  of  her  nephew  Ezra  Green,  of  Lancaster, 
Mass.  It  was  given  to  the  Green  family  by  Hannah  Haraden  Ivopes  more 
than  forty-five  years  ago. 

9.  VI.  22^  Thomas  Mason,  her  first  husband,  born  in  Salem,  died 
at  sea.     A  merchant.     Residence  :   Salem. 

The  heliotype  here  given  was  taken  from  his  portrait  painted  by 
Joseph  Badger,  which  is  owned  by  ^liss  Katharine  Phillips,  of  Salem. 
On  the  back  of  the  picture  it  is  stated  that  it  was  painted  at  the  age 
of  eight  rears  and  six  months,  and  that  in  September,  1775,  he  started  to 
return  home  by  sea  from  Charleston,  S.  C,  in  company  with  his  cousin, 
Jonathan  Peele,  that  a  violent  storm  followed,  and  the  vessel  was  never 
heard  from. 

Thomas  Mason  was  the  son  of  Captain  Thomas  and  Preserved  (Lam- 
bert)  Mason.     His  father  was  an   opulent  merchant  of  Salem.     x\^-cestry 

TABLES      y^,. 

9.  VI.  22'.  Jonathan  Haraden,  the  second  hu.sband  of  Eunice 
Diman,  born  in  Gloncester,  Mass.,  died  in  Salem,  of  consumption.  A  mer- 
chant.    Residence :  Salem. 

Captain  Haradi-n  was  a  verv  brave  and  noted  naval  commander  during' 
the  Revolutionary  War.  Of  all  the  naval  commanders  of  that  day,  none 
were   more   heroic.     He   fought  some  of  the  most  desperate  actions,  and 


[9.    VI.    -.] 

From  thk  Portrait  in  tjik  possession  of  Mrs.  Ezr.\  Green, 
OF  Lancaster,  M.^ss. 

■r^>r.s^j^^.^4l^jjlt,,j|^yj|j^jj|^l  II  lj,||>^W|IWJM' "  -.^JlHWiW 



"-^ ,.--^/^;f 

[9.   vr.   S2y] 

Fromthk  PoRTRkrx  BY  JosFPH  Badger,  painted  at  the  age  of  EIGlir 
years  and  six  months,  now  in  the  possession  of  mlss  katharine 
Phillips,  of  S\i.em,  Mass. 


iuhicveil  .some  of  the  most  wonderful  triumphs  which  the  ocean  lias  e^■e^ 
witnessed.  In  private  life,  Captain  Ilaraden  was  amiable  and  upriyht,  with 
a  mild  temper  and  gentle  manners;  but  on  the  quarter-deck,  amid  the 
thunder  of  battle,  his  energies  were  displayed.  The  more  imminent  the 
peril,  the  more  perfect  was  his  self-command.  He  not  only  knew^  no  fear 
himself,  but  he  made  every  one  around  him  equally  fearless.  This  extraor- 
dinary power  of  inspiring-  his  crew  rendered  him  invincible,  and  made 
his  name  one  of  terror  on  the  ocean.  A  \-ivid  account  of  a  battle,  which 
occurred  while  he  was  in  connnand  of  the  "  General  Pickering,"  and  from 
^^  hich  battle,  as  usual,  lie  came  off  victorious,  was  related  by  a  venerable 
survivor  of  the  crev,-. 

Silver  tankards  and  cans,  with  suitable  emblems  upon  them,  were  pre- 
sented to  him  by  the  owners  of  the  Pickering,  and  are  inscribed  with  the 
name  of  her  invincible  commander.  Some  of  this  silver  is  now  in  posses- 
sion of  the  heirs  of  the  late  J.  Ingersoll  Boicditch  [44.  VIII.  463].  During 
the  war.  Captain  Ilaraden  captured  more  than  one  thousand  gnus. 

Captain  ilaraden  was  of  middle  size,  and  of  symmetrical  proportions, 
remarkable  for  personal  beauty,  as  well  as  inflexible  integrity.  At  the 
close  of  tlie  war.  Captain  Haraden  successfully  embarked  in  eomn:ierce  and 
in  the  manufacture  of  cordage.  His  fortitude  and  amiability  were  appar- 
ent to  the  last  moment  of  his  life ;  and  his  many  virtues  endeared  him  to 
an  extensive  circle  of  friends. 

Captain  Haraden's  first  wife,  to  whom  he  was  mairied  June  8,  1767, 
was  Hannah  Deadman,  of  Salem.  By  her  he  had  the  following  children, 
all  baptized  at  the  Tabernacle  Church  :  — 

Hannah  Haraden,  born  Sept.  1,  1768,  baptized  July  29,  1770,  died  June  29,  1845; 
married  Dec.  11,  17S7,  John  Eopcs,  merchant,  of  Salem,  who 
was  born  Jan.  10.  1763,  and  died  July  9,  1S2S.  They  had 
several  children.' 

Jonathan  Hakaden,  baptized  July  29.  1770,  probably  died  young. 

Jonathan  Haraden,  baptized  June  21,  1772. 

•  Material  for  a  History  of  the  Ropes  Family,  in  Vol.  VII.  p.  200,  of  the  Essex 
Institute  Historical  Collections,  in  which  Hannah  Haraden  is  erroneously  called  a  daughter 
by  his  second  wife,  Eunice  Diman. 


John  Hakade.v,  baptized  Feb.  20,  1774. 

PoLLT  HAR.4DEN,         baptized  Oct.  15,  1775,  and  died  Sept.  19,  1806.     She  married, 
Nov.  28,  1802,  Thomas  Pickinan,  of  Salem. 

Captain  Haraden's  third  wife,  to  whom  he  was  married  Oct.  12,  1797, 
was  Mrs.  ]Mary  Scallem.     They  had  a  daughter :  — 

Lucy  Gregory  Har-^den,  who  -svas  baptized  at  the  Tabernacle  Church  Aug.  19,  1798. 
She  is  named  in  her  father's  will  as  his  youngest 

Captain  Haraden's  house  is  still  standing  on  Charter  Street,  Salem.  A 
heliotype  of  it  is  here  given.  His  gravestone  is  still  standing  in  the  Broad 
Street  Burying  Ground,  Salem. 

Captain  Haraden,  when  a  lad,  came  to  Salem  from  Gloucester  and 
learned  a  trade.  He  belonged  to  a  family  famous  for  the  exploits  of  its 
members  in  the  service  of  the  Colony,  principally  on  the  sea.  His  great- 
uncle,  Edward  Haraden,  was  in  the  Narragansett  War,  and  was  at  the  tak- 
ing of  the  Narragansett  Fort.  His  grandfatlier,  Captain  John  Haraden,  was, 
in  1709,  in  the  service  of  the  Colony  as  master  of  a  sloop  fitted  out  to  cap- 
ture what  was  supposed  to  be  a  Prench  privateer,  and,  in  1711,  was  in  an 
expedition  against  Canada  as  a  pilot.  His  uncle,  Andrew  Haraden.  was  a 
man  of  great  bravery,  as  his  recapture  of  the  sloop  Squirrel,  from  the 
pirates,  shows.^ 

Jonathan  Haraden  was  a  son  of  Joseph  and  Joanna  ( )  Haraden,  of 

Squam  Parish,  Gloucester,  Mass.  Jonathan  Haraden  [28.  VH.  156']  was 
his  nephew.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Haraden,  Gid- 
dings,  Lawrence.     See  Ancestry  Tabi 

iLES    tI 

9.  VI.  24.  Lois  Diman  [Mary  8-9  V.  6],  born  in  Salem,  died  in  East 
Cambridge,  Mass. 

'  Oration  delivered  at  the  request  of  the  City  authorities  of  Salem,  July  4,  1842,  by 
Charles  W.  Upham,  pp.  29-31;  The  ^Merchants'  ^Magazine  and  Commercial  Review,  con- 
ducted by  Freeman  Hunt;  Dictionary  of  American  Biography,  by  Francis  S.  Drake, 
pp.  405,  406  ;  History  of  the  Town  of  Gloucester,  Cape  Ann,  by  .John  J.  Babson,  pp.  98, 
99,  287 ;  an  obituary  of  Captain  H.araden  in  the  Columbian  Centinel  of  Nov.  30,  1803 ;  and 
The  Journal  and  Letters  of  Samuel  Curwen,  An  American  in  England,  from  1775  to  1783, 
Fourth  Edition,  by  George  A.  Ward,  pp.  556-558. 


[9.     VI.     £--■] 




ll--..- n1    , 




By  lier  father's  will,  she  received,  jointly  with  her  sister,  Mary  Diman, 
the  orchard  land  adjoining  to  his  garden,  with  the  store  and  shop  thereon, 
also  the  household  furniture  belonging  to  the  house,  which  was  to  be  divided 
between  them.  She  also  had  an  equal  share  in  the  remainder  of  his  prop- 
erty after  other  bequests  had  been  paid. 

9.  VI.  24-  Bernard  Green,  her  husband,  bom  in  Maiden,  Mass.,  died 
in  Maiden.     A  fanner  and  magistrate.     Residence  :     Maiden. 

Squire  Green  inherited  the  farm  which  had  been  carried  on  by  liis 
ancestors  from  the  first  settlement  of  the  country.  He  was  a  very 
active  and  prominent  citizen  of  Maiden,  serving  the  town  in  various 
offices  of  honor.  He  represented  the  town  in  the  General  Court  in 
1797,  and  for  more  than  thirty  years  he  was  a  justice  of  the  peace  in 
active  practice. 

He  saw  active  ser\-ice  in  the  Revolutionary  War,  and  was  present  at 
the  actions  of  the  19th  of  April  and  the  17th  of  June,  1775,  and  at 
the  battle  of  White  Plains,  Oct.  28,  1776.  Squire  Green  was  a  man 
of  vigorous  mind  and  body.  He  excelled  in  conversation,  and  his 
memory  was  exact.  He  was  a  living  chronicle  of  his  time,  and  much 
of  the  traditionary  matter  printed  in  the  Bi-Centennial  Book  of  Maiden 
was  derived  from  him.^ 

His  first  wife,  to  Avhom  he  was  married  in  1782,  was  Susannah  Parker, 
of  Reading,  Mass.  She  died  April  18,  1785,  aged  25  years.  By  her  he 
had  one  son  :  — 

Bernard  Green,  who  was  born  Dec.  30,  1783,  and  died  Jan.  2,  1829. 

He  was  the  son  of  Ezra  and  Eunice  (Burrill)  Green,  of  Maiden.  Aaron 
Gran  [10.  VI.  57]  was  his  half-brother;  Sarah  Pkkeruig  [1-70.  III.  i], 
was  his  great  aunt,  and  Eebecra  Taylor  [6-7.  V.  4]  was  his  second  cousin. 
His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families:  Green,  Green,  Cook,  Bur- 
rill,  Ivory,    South,   Farrington.      See  Ancestry  Tables  ^. 

*  The  Book  of  :\ralden,  pp.  177-178 ;  also  A  Genealogical  Sketch  of  the 
Descendants  of  Thomas  Green  [e]  of  Maiden,  Mass.,  by  Samuel  S.  Greene. 


9.  VI.  25.  Timothy  Diman  [.Mary  8-1).  Y.  G],  born  in  Salem,  died 
in   Salem.     Residence :   Salem. 

He  appears  to  have  been  deranged.  His  father,  by  his  will,  bequeathe.s 
to  his  son  Timothy  his  dwelling-house  and  garden,  they  to  be  under  the 
friendly  care  of  his  executors  and  to  be  occupied  and  used  by  them  for  his 
benefit  and  advantage,  for  so  long  a  time  as  he  shall  continue  unwell  and 
incapable  of  taking  due  care  thereof  for  himself  To  Timothy's  sisters 
Mary  and  Lois  he  gives  the  furniture  belonging  to  the  house,  to  be 
divided  between  them,  hoping  and  trusting  they  will  use  their  utmost 
endeavor  to  render  the  life  of  their  brother  Timothy  comfortable  as  long 
as  he  remains  unwell,  and  they  are  able  to  take  care  of  him.^ 

10.  VI.  2G.  Lois  Orne  [John  10-11.  V.  8],  born  in  Lynnfield,  Mass., 
died  in  Northampton,  Mass. 

We  have  found  no  records  of  Mrs.  Adams,  which  may  be  accounted 
for  by  the  fact  that  her  granddaughter,  the  late  Miss  Lucilla  0.  Damon, 
wrote  that  her  grandmother  was  noted  for  "  cleaning  up  "  wliat  she  con- 
sidered useless  papers. 

10,  VI.  26.  Beujmnin  AiJains,  her  husband,  bora  in  L^-nnfield, 
Mass.,  died  in  Lynnfield.     A  physician.     Residence  :  Lynnfield. 

Dr.  Adams  was  a  prominent  citizen  of  Lynnfield.  He  was  a  selectman 
from  1790  to  1804,  and  was  town  clerk  from  1793  to  1804.  His  grave- 
stone is  standing  in  the  old  burying  ground. 

He  was  a  son  of  the  Rev.  Benjamin  and  Rebecca  (Nichols)  Adams,  of 
Lynnfield.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families  :  Adams,  Pettin- 
gill,  Ingersoll,  Longfellow,  Sewall,  Hunt,  Dummer,  Archer,  Nichols.  See 
Ance.stky  Tables  ^^. 

10.  VI.  27.  Eunice  Orne  [John  10-11.  V.  8],  born  in  Lynnfield, 
Mass.,  died  in  Lowell,  Mass." 

»  Essex  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  360,  pp.  22-24 ;  files,  Xo.  7,705. 
.    *  Different  members  of  the  family  give  the  date  of  her  death  as  Jan.  24  and  Jan.  23, 


[10.     VI.     37.] 

From  the  Crayon  Portrait  i;v  CiiK.NtY,  now  in  the  possession  of 
John  Okne  Gkekn,  .M.D.,  of  Boston. 

^  ;^"' 


m.  I 





J  '     J 


[.o.     VI.     27] 

From  the  Cra-...)v  Portrait  ry  Chfnf.y,  now  in  tiif.  possession  of 
[oHN  Orne  Green,  M.D.,  of  Boston. 


The  crayon  portrait  of  Mrs.  Green,  of  which  a  lieliotype  is  here  given 
was  drawn  by  Cheney.  It  is  now  owned  by  her  grandson,  Dr.  J.  Orne 
Green,  of  Boston. 

10.  VI.  27.  Anroti  Green,  her  husband,  born  in  Maiden,  Mass.,  died 
in  Andover,  Mass.     A  minister.     Residence  :  Maiden. 

Aaron  Green,  H.  C.  1789,  worked  on  his  father's  farm  until  he  was 
nearly  eighteen  years  old,  when  he  began  to  jn-epare  for  college.  He 
taught  school  daring  his  senior  year  in  college,  and  also  in  the  winter  and 
spring  after  graduating.  It  was  at  this  time  that  he  began  a  diary,  and  he 
continued  it  daily  until  Oct.  23,  1853,  when  he  was  in  his  eighty-fifth 
year.  It  consists  of  seven  volumes.  They  are  now  owned  by  his  grand- 
son. Dr.  J.  Orne  Green  of  Boston,  who  has  also  a  crayon  portrait  of 
him,  which  was  drawn  by  Cheney,  and  which  has  been  reproduced  for 
tliis  work. 

Mr.  Green  records  in  his  diary  the  following  account  of  his  marriage  :  — 

"  Went  to  Lynnfield,  nnd  my  brother  and  sister,  and  Mrs.  Vinton  and  Bernard, 
whei'c  we  dined,  after  which  I  was  married  to  iliss  Eunice  Orne.  ilaj  the  most 
benevolent  of  Beinjis  follow  with  y"  most  happy  consequences  so  important  a  transac- 
tion. We  returned  home  to  tea  —  spent  a  social  evening,  whrn  tlie  company  departed, 
Mrs.  Vinton  and  licr  Polly  excepted,  and  are  to  commence  the  important  business  of 
house  keeping.     Very  pleasant  day,  snowed  some  in  y"  evening.     Dec.  13,  1796." 

Mr.  Green  continued  to  teach,  and  occasionally  to  preach,  till  Sept.  10, 
1795,  when  he  was  ordained  and  settled  as  the  colleague  of  the  Rev. 
Eliakim  Willis,  D.D.,  over  the  church  in  Maiden.  Dr.  Willis  died  in  1801, 
and  then  the  duties  of  the  devolved  entirely  upon  Mr.  Green.  He 
was  not  distinguished  as  a  preacher,  but  his  sermons  were  always  serious 
and  practical,  as  well  as  earnest  and  direct.  A  few  of  them  were  printed 
by  special  request. 

He  was  for  years  the  chaplain  of  the  Fifth  Regiment,  and  also  held  the 
position  of  chaplain  of  the  Grand  Lodge  of  Massachusetts.  He  was  pre-emi- 
nently a  peacemaker,  and  was  greatly  beloved  by  a  large  circle  of  friends. 
He  resigned  his  charge,  Aug.  8,  1827,  after  a  service  of  thirty-two  years  of 
rare  faitlifulness.     In  April  of  the  following  year  he  removed  to  Andover, 


where  lie  filled  several  positions  of  trust  and  responsibility.     The   married 
life  of  Mr.  and  ilrs.  Green  covered  a  period  of  tifty-seven  years.^ 

Aaron  Green  was  a  son  of  Ezra  and  Mary  (Green)  Green  of  ]Malden. 
Ezra  Green  [II.  C.  17G.5],  who  died  in  Dover,  N.  H.,  aged  101  ;  and  Bernard 
Green  [9.  VI.  04-'],  were  his  half  brothers.  His  ancestry  includes  the  followin<^ 
families:  Green,  Green,  Cook,  Green,  Cook,  Pratt.    See  ANrEsxRv  Tables  ^L. 

11.  VI.  28.  Bridget  Orne  [John  10-11.  V.  8],  probably  born  in 
Lyunfield,  ilass.,  died  in  New  York. 

The  Rev.  Aaron  Green  in  his  diary  has  the  following  entry:  — 

"Rose  very  early  and  rode  to  Lynnfield  with  Mrs.  Green  to  attend  Bridget's  wed- 
ding where  we  spent  the  day.  They  were  married  about  4  o'clock  in  y^  afternoon. 
At  night  we  returned  liome.  They  went  to  Boston.  We  had  a  good  time ;  an 
exceedingly  hot  day.     July  3,  1798." 

11.  VI.  28.  Perkins  XicJioIs,  her  husband,  probably  born  in  Amherst, 
N.  H.,  probably  died  in  New  York.  A  merchant.  Residence :  New 

Mr.  Nichols  was  engaged  in  Boston  in  the  importation  of  French  goods 
up  to  about  the  year  1811,  when  he  removed  to  New  York.  He  owned  a 
tomb  in  King's  Chapel  Burying  Ground,  wliicli  he  sold,  Nov.  14,  1810." 
He  presented  his  native  towm  of  Amherst,  N.  H.,  with  a  clock,  and  the  town 
of  Milford  with  a  bell.  Tliere  is  a  portrait  of  Mr.  Nichols  in  tlie  possession 
of  his  granddaughter,  Mrs.  George  W.  Embree  of  New  York. 

Perkins  Nichols  was  a  son  of  General  ]\Ioses  and  Hannah  (Eaton) 
Nichols,  of  Amherst,  N.  H.  General  !Moses  Nichols  was  a  very  prominent 
citizen  of  Amherst.  He  was  moderator  of  the  town  meetings,  selectman, 
justice  of  the  peace,  a  delegate  to  the  Fifth  Congress,  which  met  Dec.  21, 
1775,  and  delegate  to  a  convention  held  at  Concord.  He  served  with 
distinction  in  the  Revolutionary  War,  and  at  the  head  of  his  regiment  he 
began  the  attack  upon  the  Hessians  at  Bennington  in   1777.     He  moved 

*  Sketch  by  his  son,  John  Orne  Green,  Jr.  D.,  of  Lowell,  Jlass.,  in  Chaplains  of  the 
Grand  Lodge  of  !\rassachusetts,  pp.  2-'5.'>-2;)8 ;  his  obituary  in  the  Boston  Journal,  Satur- 
day, Dec.  24,  1S.>3;  and  A  Genealogical  Sketch  of  the  Descendants  of  Thomas  Green(_e), 
of  Maiden,  ^Nlass.,  by  Samuel  S.  Greene,  p.  20. 

■'  Suffolk  Registry  of  Deeds,  Vol.  234,  p.  214. 

'     "-"^-J^-ars 



[n.    VI.    29] 


from   Reading,   Mass.,  to    Amherst,  N.  11.,  as  early  as    1761.     Pie   was  a 
physician,  and  remained  in  practice  until  his  death  in  May,  1790.^ 

Perkins  Nichols's  ancestry  includes  the  following  families  :  Nichols, 
Eaton,   Kendall,   Perkins,   Eaton.     See  Ancestry  Tables   l\. 

11.  W.  29.  Jolin  Orne  [John  10-11.  V.  8],  born  in  Lynnfield,  Mass., 
died  in  Lynnfield,  of  consumption.     A  farmer.     Residence :  Lynnfield. 

He  was  a  prominent  man  and  bore  the  titles  of  colonel  and  esquire. 
It  is  probable  that  he  was  a  magistrate.  He  was  a  selectman  in  1805,  1806, 
1811,  1812,  and  the  last  two  years  he  was  the  town  clerk.  His  obituary 
which  appeared  at  the  time  of  his  death  in  the  Columbian  Centinel  of 
Dec.  5,  1812,  describes  him  as  a  man  of  sound  judgment,  pure  ftiorals, 
and  unbending  integrity.  His  gravestone  and  that  of  his  wife  are  stand- 
ing in  the  Lynnfield  graveyard.     A  heliotype  of  his  house  is  here  given. 

11.  VI.  29.  Pamela  Prentiss,  his  wife,  born  in  Reading,  Mass.,  died 
in  Lynnfield,  IMass.,  of  consumption. 

Mrs.  Orne  was  a-daughter  of  the  Rev.  Caleb  and  Pamela  (ilellen) 
Prentiss,  of  Reading.  Grace  Mellcn  Hopk'mson  [52.  VIII.  oS4''\  is  her 
grandniece,  and  Frances  Stone  Hopkinson  [52.  IX.  1070~\  is  her  great-grand- 
niece.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families  :  Prentiss,  Dunton, 
Rand,  Edenden,  Whitman,  Peirce,  Whittemore,  Scott,  Hicks,  Sill,  Green, 
Mitchelson,  Bushell,  Mellen,  Pratt,  Parmenter,  Prentiss,  Stanton,  Lord, 
Foster,  Hanford,  Eglin,  Holland.      See  Ancestry  Tables   ^-^. 

12.  VI.  30.  Benjamin  Mansfield  [Sarah  12-16.  V.  9],  probably 
born  in  Salem. 

Nothing  further  has  been  learned  of  him  than  that  he  was  unmarried  at 
the  time  of  the  Revolutionary  War. 

12-15.  VI.  31.  Sarah  Mansfield  [Sarah  12-16.  V.  9],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  died  in  Salem.     Residence  :  Salem.'^ 

'  History  of  Amherst,  N.  H.,  by  Daniel  F.  Secomb,  pp.  707  et  seq. 

'  Her  birth  is  given  as  ^lay  21,  1736,  in  the  Eopes  Bible  and  in  Essex  Institute 
Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XIV.  p.  285,  while  the  ^Millet  Bible  gives  it  as  June  21,  1736 
Her  death   is   giveu  as   Jan.  31,   ISll,   in    Essex   Institute    Historical   Collections,    Vol. 


The  t'ullowiiig  notice  of  her  death  appeared  m  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
Friday,  Feb.  1,  1811:  — 

"In  this  town  widow  Sarah  JIillet,  aged  7-1.  Fler  death  was  sudden,  she  hav- 
ing just  returned  in  tlie  evening  from  a  visit  to  her  daughter's,  and  while  sitting  in 
her  chair;  her  funeral  will  be  from  her  late  dwelling  iu  Essex-Street,  which  her 
friends  and  relations  are  requested  to  attend." 

12-15.  VI,  31.  Jonathan  Jlillet,  her  husband,  probably  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem  of  a  fever.     A  cooper.     Eesidence  :  Salem. 

It  is  stated  in  the  Ropes  Bible  that  Mr.  ^lillet's  house  was  on  the  corner 
of  Herbert  and  Essex  Streets,  that  it  was  torn  down  iu  18-48,  and  that  the 
eastern  end  was  one  hundred  and  fifty  years  old. 

He  was  a  son  of  Jonathan  and  Mary  (Henfield)  Millet,  of  Salem.  His 
ancestry  includes  the  following  families  :  Millet,  Greenoway,  Lister,  Bab- 
son,  Hill,  Henfield,  Grafton  (?),  Gardner,  Frier,  White,  Herbert,  Baston. 
See  Ancestry  Tables   ^. 

16.  VI.  32.  Seetli  Mansfield  [Sarah  12-16.  V.  9],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem. 

16.  VI.  33.  John  CoUinSy  her  husband,  probably  born  in  Salem,  died 
in  Salem. 

Ancestry  Tables   ^\. 

17.  VI.  35.  Hannah  Goodliue  [Martha  17-19.  V.  10],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  probably  died  in  Salem. 

17.  VI.  3o.  Rohert  Proctor,  her  husband,  born  in  Salem, ^  prob- 
ably died  in  Salem.    Residence :  Salem. 

He  was  a  son  of  Thorndike  and  Abigail  (Wilson)  Proctor.  WllUam 
Procter  [18.  VIII.  190~\,  was  his  grandnephew.  His  ancestry  includes  the 
following   families :    Proctor,    Thorndike,    Felton,    Wilson.      See  Ancestry 

Tables    ^1-. 

XIV.  p.  285,  and  Vol.  XVIII.  p.  213.  while  Jan.  29,  1811,  is  given  in  Essex  Institute 
Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XIII.  p.  80,  and  by  her  great-great-grandson,  Nathaniel  M. 

'  In  what  is  now  Danvers. 


17.  VI.  of).  Stephen  Goodh.iie  [Martha  17-19.  V.  10],  born  in 
Saleui,  baptized  there  Jan.  14,  1738-9,  died  in  Salem.  Residence : 

The  followiniT  account  of  Jlr.  Goodhue  is  from  the  Goodhue  Journals 
and  Genealogical  Kecords  ^ :  — 

"  Stephen  Goodliuc  died  after  a  short  illness  and  was  buried  in  the  Tomb  of  liis 
brother  Benjamin.  His  widow  died  in  1828  and  was  also  buried  in  the  same 

"  He  was  a  man  of  very  good  understanding  and  had  been  entered  at  the  Uni- 
versity at  Cambridge,  but  left  it  after  about  a  year's  residence,  tie  was  of  an  inquisi- 
tive turn  of  mind,  and  an  attentive  observer  of  w^hat  was  passing  in  the  world,  and  of 
a  cheerful  temper,  and  fond  of  conversation,  but  much  in  the  habit  of  raising  objec- 
tions to  received  opinions,  and  quite  extreme  in  his  notions  of  prudence  and  cautiim, 
whi'ther  regarding  the  conduct  of  public  affairs  or  those  of  private  life.  The  Bank- 
ing System  which  had  grown  up  in  this  country  in  his  time,  and  before  yet  any  devel- 
opement  of  evil  had  occurred,  was  the  constant  subject  of  his  anxiety,  and  his 

*'  In  person  he  was  rather  above  the  common  height,  very  erect  in  his  carriage,  of  a 
complexion  inclining  to  fair,  and  the  expression  of  his  countenance  intelligent  and 
agreeable.  He  was  of  very  strict  habits  of  economy  and  left  a  comfortable  provision 
for  his  family,  though  never  putting  himself  in  the  way  of  acquiring  much  i>roperty. 
He  employed  himself  chiefly  in  the  cultivation  of  his  land  of  which  he  had  several 
lots  in  the  vicinity.  He  was  a  man  of  rigid  uprightness,  and  affectionate  in  his  inter- 
course with  his  family  and  friends."' 

The  Rev.  William  Bentley,  D.D.  of  the  East  Chtirch,  Salem,  thus  writes 
of  him:  — 

"  He  joined  the  Friends  called  Quakers  before  the  Eevolntion  and  has  continued 
with  them  till  the  close  of  his  life,  though  I  believe  not  admitted  fully.  He  was  a 
man  of  strong  mind  and  prejudices.  He  served  Salem  in  many  useful  town  offices 
and  was  respected  by  all  with  whom  he  chose  to  become  conversant.  He  kept  th.c 
rigid  manners  of  the  sect  he  joined." 

'  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  as  Jan.  10,  1738-9,  while  it  is  given  as  Jan.  19, 
17.18-9,  both  by  Charles  C.  Goodhue  and  in  the  History  and  Genealogy  of  the  Goodhue 
Family,  by  Jonatlian  E.  Goodhue,  p.  20. 

^  Letter  of  Charles  C.  Goodhue,  dated  January,  lSSr>,  to  Charles  P.  Bowditch,  in  which 
he  gives  extracts  from  '•my  grandfather  and  father's  journals  and  genealogical  records." 


17.  VI.  oG.  Jldi'tJia  I*resrott,  liis  wife,  probably  born  in  Salem,  died 
in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Goodhue  was  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Rebecca  (Minot) 
Prescott,  of  Salem.  Her  father  was  a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  an  enter- 
prising merchant  of  Salem. ^  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families  : 
Prescott,  Piatt,  Hoar,  Hineksnian,  Higginson,  Whitfield,  Sheafe,  Savage, 
Symmes,  Gardner,  Frier,  Orne,  Browne,  Minot,  Butler,  Wheeler,  Brooks, 
Lane,  Reyner,  Whipple,  Reyner.     See  Ancestry  Taklks  ^\. 

18.  VI.  37.  Sarah  Goodhue  [Martha  17-19.  V.  10],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Nov.  15,  1741,  died  in  Salem.'-^ 

18.  VI.  c37.  Gabriel  llnl man,  her  husband,  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  Oct.  16,  1738,  died  in  Salem.     Residence:  Salem. 

Captain  Holman's  second  wife,  whom  he  married  Aug.  9,  1774,  was 
Lydia  Mansfield,  who  was  born  Sept.  21,  1754,  and  died  in  October,  1828. 
She  was  a  daughter  of  ]\Iatthew  and  Hannah  (Proctor)  Mansfield,  of  Salem. 
By  her  he  had  the  following  children  :  — 

Ltdia  Holmax,  born  in  Haverhill,  Mass.,  Dec.  7,  1777;  married  Abijah  Xorthey, 
who  died  Oct.  25,  1853,  aged  79  years,  9  montlis. 

Jonathan  Holhax,  bora  Feb.  9,  1785;  married  first,  Xov.  9,  1815,  Betsey  Barr, 
who  was  born  Feb.  18,  1786,  and  died  Dec.  29,  1829. 
He  married  second,  Oct.  25,  1S32,  Sally  Barr,  who  was 
born  July  26,  1790,  and  died  Dec.  29,  ISGO.  He  died 
Sept.  3,  1855. 

Gabriel  Holman  was  a  son  of  Gabriel  and  Elizabeth  (Reeves)  Holman, 
of  Salem.  Betsey  Barr  Holman  [24.  VIII.  £^9^],  was  his  granddaughter  by 
his  second  wife,  and  Samuel  Ilohnan  [23.  VIII.  236'],  was  his  grandnephew. 
His  ancestiy  includes  the  following  families :  Holman,  Reeves,  Collins, 
Cockerill.     See  A^cestet  Tables   ^-. 

'  The  Prescott  Memorial,  b}"  William  Prescott,  p.  52. 

'  The  date  of  her  marriage  is  given  as  Feb.  7,  17(34;  while  it  is  given  as  Feb. 
17,  1764,  in  the  History  and  Genealogy  of  the  Goodhue  Family,  by  Jonathan  E.  Goodhue, 
p.  33. 


»»'    til     <H^/j//y, 

.^^  ^: 







[19.     VI.     40.] 

From  the  Poktrait  by  Wricht,  painted  in  1790,  now  in  the  possession 
OF  Mrs.  Clakkson  Goodhue,  of  New  York  City. 


19.  VI.  38.  Jonathan  Goodhue  [Martha  17-19.  V.  10],  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Jan.  6,  1744—5,  died  in  Salem.  A  merchant.  Resi- 
dence: Salem.^ 

Mr.  Goodhue,  H.  C.  17G4,  "engaged  in  commerce  and  left  his  famll)- 
a  competent  property.  He  was  always  of  a  feeble  constitution,  tall,  and 
very  slender  in  his  form.  A  man  of  sense,  and  cultivation,  of  the  strictest 
integrity,  of  a  gentle  and  benevolent  disposition,  and  extensively  beloved."  ^ 

19.  VI.  oS.  DorotJuj  AsJifou,  his  wife,  born  in  Salem,  baptized  there 
May  26,  1751,  died  in  Salem.^ 

Mrs.  Goodhue  married,  July  17,  17S7,  a.s  her  second  husband,  the  Hon. 
and  Rev.  John  Treadwell,  who  was  born  at  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Sept.  20,  1738, 
and  died  Jan.  5,  1811.  She  was  his  second  wife.  By  his  first  wife  he  had 
a  son,  John  Dexter  Treadwell  [19.  W\.  110^,  who  married  his  second  wife's 
daughter,  Dorothy  Goodhue. 

Mrs.  Goodhue  was  a  daughter  of  Jacob  and  Mary  (Ropes)  Ashton,  of 
Salem.  WUUam  Ashton  [19.  VII.  1111  ^^^  ^^^^  nephew.  Her  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families :  Ashton,  Dutch,  Ropes,  Wells,  Warner, 
Bartlett.     See  ancestry  Tables  I^. 

19.  VI.  40.  Benjamin  Goodhtie  [Martha  17-19.  V.  10],  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Sept.  25,  1748,  died  in  Salem.  A  merchant.  Resi- 
dence :  Salem. 

Mr.  Goodhue  was  a  prominent  citizen  of  Salem.  He  was  a  member  of 
the  Constitutional  Convention  of  1779-80;  a  representative  of  Salem  in 
the  Legislature  from  1780  to  1782,  and  a  representative  of  Essex  County  in 
the  Senate  from  1785  to  1788.  He  was  also  a  representative  in  Congress 
under  the  new  Constitution,  and  was  afterwards  a  senator  of  the   United 

*  The  date  of  his  birth  was  given  by  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland  as  Dec.  31,  1744;  while  it 
is  given  as  Dec.  21,  1744-5  in  the  History  and  Genealogy  of  the  Goodhue  Family,  by 
Jonathan  E.  Goodhue,  p.  20. 

'  Letter  of  Charles  C.  Goodhue  dated  January,  18S5,  to  Charles  P.  Bowditch,  in  which 
he  gives  extracts  from  "  my  grandfather  and  father's  journals  and  genealogical  records." 

'  Her  name  is  given  as  "  Dorothea  "  in  the  History  and  Genealogy  of  the  Goodhue 
Family,  by  Jonathan  E.  Goodhue,  p.  33. 


States.     The  tolluwing-  .sketch  of  hiiu  was  furnished  by  his  grandson,  the 
late  Charles  C.  Goodhue,  from  his  family  papers :  — 

"Benjamin  Goodhue  entered  the  University  in  Cambridge  in  1762,  where  he  was 
graduated  in  1766.  He  was  a  resident  of  Philadelphia  for  some  time,  and  was  there 
engaged  in  business  with  Andrew  Cabot,  brother  of  the  Hon.  George  Cabot,  until  the 
breaking  out  of  the  Revolutionary  war,  which  caused  them  to  relinquish  their  estab- 
lishment. He  returned  to  Salem,  and  there  continued  to  pursue  business.  In  1784,  if 
not  earlier,  he  wa.s  elected  a  member  of  the  Senate  of  Massachusetts  for  the  County 
of  Essex,  and  was  annually  re-elected  until  on  the  establishment  of  the  Federal  Con- 
stitution, he  was  elected  a  member  of  the  First  Congress  which  assembled  at  New 
York  in  1789,  when  Washington  was  inaugurated  as  First  President  of  the  United 
States.  He  continued  to  be  re-elected  by  very  large  majorities,  until  in  1796  he  was 
appointed  to  a  seat  in  the  Senate  of  the  United  States  to  succeed  the  Hon.  George 
Cabot;  and  he  was  also  appointed  for  another  term  of  six  years.  Under  this  appoint- 
ment, he  continued  to  serve  until  Nov.  8,  1800,  when  he  sent  in  his  resignation.  This 
was  the  close  of  his  engagement  in  public  affairs.  .  .  . 

"  In  the  Legislature  of  Massachusetts,  and  afterward  in  the  Congress  of  the 
United  States,  his  talents  and  habits  of  business,  aided  by  his  commercial  information, 
gave  him  always  a  high  standing.  In  the  former  he  was  the  framer  and  the  zealous 
advocate  of  a  Navigation  Law,  designed  to  give  encouragement  to  the  commerce  of  the 
State  in  the  depressed  condition  of  the  country,  wiiich  preceded  the  adoption  of  the 
Federal  Constitution  ;  and  in  the  latter  he  took  a  leading  part  in  all  the  measures  re- 
garding the  revenue,  comnierci',  navigation,  the  fisheries,  and  the  establishment  of  tln' 
Navy ;  and  such  was  the  confidence  in  his  judgment  on  the  subjects,  and  in  the  integ- 
rity of  his  motives,  that  on  all  questions  of  this  kind,  not  involving  the  particular 
interest  of  political  parties,  even  those  who  were  habitually  his  political  opponents, 
were  accustomed  to  yield  him  their  support.  In  the  House  of  Representatives  he  was 
Chairman  of  the  Committee  on  Commerce,  and  in  the  Senate,  he  was  Chairman  of 
the  Committee  which  had  in  charge  the  measures  of  defence  against  the  French 
Republic  in  her  outrages  in  1798-1799.  .  .  . 

"  He  was  for  many  years  a  member  of  a  Conversation  Club  composed  of  the  princi- 
pal gentlemen  of  the  town  which  met  weekly  at  the  house  of  the  members  alternately. 
It  was  established  in  July  1778,  and  continued  until  Thursday  evening  July  13,  1809, 
when  it  held  its  last  meeting  at  his  house,  the  age  and  infirmities  of  the  members 
making  it  inconvenient  for  them  to  continue  it  longer.  It  had  in  fact  been  com- 
menced as  early  as  1767  ;  but  during  some  years  its  meetings  were  suspended.  The 
members  were  —  Joseph  Orne,  M.  D.,  John  Appleton,  a  merchant  with  whom  the  cele- 
brated Count  Rumford  had  commenced  as  a  clerk,  Thomas  Barnard,  D.  D.,  Jonathan 
Goodhue,  John  Pickering,  Jacob  Ashtou,  Hon.  Timothy  Pickering,  the  Rev.  x\.sa 
Dunbar.  Samuel  Porter,  Robert  Gillies,  (son  of  the  Historian)  Hon.  William  Wetmore, 

MASS.,  BUILT    ABOUT    17S0. 

[19.    VI.    40.] 

rf  Jiv^r^"     7^  W^.  ■  ;"' 


- — .^ 




[19.    VI.    40\] 

ROM  THE  Crayon  Portrait  ev  Sharpi.kss,  drawn  i.\   1798,  now  in  the 
POSSESSION  OF  Mrs.  Chac,li:s  Clarkson  Goodhiic,  of  New  Vokk  City. 


11  lu-y  Oardncr,  William  Pickinaii,  Edward  Palling,  the  Rov.  John  Prince,  LL.  D., 
the  Rev.  William  Bentley,  LL.  D..  James  Jeffrey,  John  Cabot,  Hon.  John  Treadwell, 
Hon.  John  Morris,  Hon.  William  Gray,  William  Orue,  aud  Benjamin  Goodhue."  i 

The  heliotype  of  IJciijamiu  Goodluie  is  taken  from  his  portrait,  which 
was  painted  by  Wright  iu  IT'.'O.  It  is  now  in  tlie  possession  of  the  widow 
of  his  grandson,  Charles  C.  Goodhne.  A  heliotype  is  also  given  of  Mr. 
Goodhue's  house,  which  is  said  to  have  been  built  in  1780,  and  which  is 
still  standing  on  Essex  Street,  Salem. 

19.  VI.  40^.  Frances  Richie,  the  first  wife  of  Benjamin  Goodhue, 
died  in  Salem. 

The  following  notice  of  her  death  is  taken  from  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
Friday,  Jan.  23,  1801  :  — 

"  In  this  town,  on  Wednesday  last,  Mrs.  Frances  Goodhue,  wife  of  the  Hon. 
Bonja.  Goodhue,  Esq.,  aged  49  ;  deeply  regretted  by  all  her  friends  and  acquaintance. 
Her  funeral  will  be  tomorrow  afternoon  (if  fair  weather,  if  not,  on  the  Monday  fol- 
lowing) when  her  friends  and  relations  are  iuvited  to  attend." 

A  crayon  portrait  of  Mrs.  Goodhue,  drawn  by  Sliarpless  in  1798,  is  now 
in  possession  of  the  widow  of  her  grandson,  Charles  C.  Goodhue.  A  helio- 
type of  it  is  here  given. 

Mrs.  Goodhue  was  a  daughter  of  Edward  and  ]\rary  (Shannon)  Richie, 
of  Philadelphia.  Her  father  was  a  native  of  Ireland,  who  came  to  this 
country  and  married  her  mother  in  Boston.  She  survived  him,  and  married 
a  second  husband,  Robert  Annesley,  of  Philadelphia,  and  died  in  1803. 
AxcESTRY  Tables    Jj^. 

10.  VI.  40^.  Anna  Willard,  the  second  wife  of  Benjamin  Goodhue, 
])robably  born  in  Lancaster,  Mass.,  baptized  there  Aug.  21,  1763,  died,  in 

'  See  also  Biographical  Annals  of  the  Civil  Government  of  the  United  States,  second 
edition,  by  Charles  Lanman,  p.  19G;  and  The  Journal  aud  Letters  of  Samuel  Curwen,  An 
American  in  Englaml  from  177o  to  1783.     Fourth  edition,  by  George  A.  Ward,  pp.  551,  552. 

•  Her  name  is  given  as  Anna  at  baptism  and  in  her  husband's  will.  It  is  also  so 
given  in  the  Willard  Memoir,  by  Joseph  Willard,  p.  417 ;  while  tlie  History  and  Geneal- 
ogy of  the  Goodhue  Family,  by  Jonathan  E.  Goodhue,  p.  34,  gives  it  as  Annie.     This  last 



Mrs.  Goodhue  lived  in  Lanciister  for  many  years  on  the  Willard  family 
estate.  She  died  at  the  great  age  of  ninety-five  years.  The  following 
account  of  Mrs.  Goodhue  was  written  by  one  of  her  intimate  friends  :  — 

"Her  Hfe  had  not  been  wholly  free  from  anxiety  and  change  ;  but  it  was,  on  the 
whole,  an  eminently  happy  life.  It  was  made  so  by  a  cheerful,  atlectiouate  tempera- 
ment ;  by  great  good  sense ;  by  unwavering  Christian  faith  ;  never  murmuring  or 
complaining,  but  placing  herself  in  position  on  the  bright  side  of  events ;  always 
endeavoring  to  do  her  duty  in  her  sphere,  and  seeking  to  promote  the  happiness  of  all 
with  whom  she  was  in  any  way  connected.  Hence  she  acquired  '  troops  of  friends,' 
who  were  always  welcome  to  her  hospitable  mansion,  and  never  left  without  an  in- 
crease of  esteem  and  loving  regard.  Her  presence  was  a  benediction,  while  her 
winning  smile  revealed  the  beauty  of  the  spirit  within."  i 

Mrs.  Goodhue  was  a  daughter  of  Colonel  Abijah  and  Anna  [Prentice] 
Willard,  of  Lancaster,  Mass.  Her  father  was  in  command  of  a  company 
at  the  reduction  of  Louisburg  in  1745,  and  commanded  another  company 
under  Colonel  ilonckton,  at  the  reduction  of  the  French  forts  in  Nova 
Scotia  in  1755.  During  the  Revolution  he  was  a  loyalist,  and  a  Mandamus 
Counsellor.  Upon  the  evacuation  of  Boston,  he  went  with  the  British 
army  to  New  York,  where  he  held  the  office  of  commissary.  After  the  war 
he  received  a  grant  of  land  from  the  Crown,  in  New  Brunswick,  where  he 
settled  and  died.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Willard, 
Dunster,  Bell,  Phelps,  Andrews,  Prentice,  Stanton,  Lord,  Swan,  Ruck, 
Lamb,  Harbottle,  Bayley,  Emery,  Carr,  Ruggles,  Bright,  Goldstone.     See 

Ancestry  Tables 


20.  VI.  42.     Seeth  Pliippen  [Seeth  20-24.  V.  11],  probably  bom  in 

20.  VI.  4^.     Thoinati  yeedham,  her  husband,  probably  born  in  Salem, 
probably  died  in  Boston.     A  cabinet-maker.     Residence  :  Salem. 

Thomas  Needham  is  said  by  the  late  Dr.  Henry  "Wheatland   [17.  VHI. 

mentioned  book  gives  her  marriage  as  Nov.  25,  1804,  as  does  The  Birth,  ^Marriage  and 
Death  Register,  of  Lancaster,  Mass.,  by  Henry  S.  Xourse,  p.  165,  and  Charles  C.  Goodhue; 
while  it  is  given  as  ZSTov.  5,  1804,  and  her  name  as  Ann,  in  Essex  Institute  Historical 
Collections,  Vol.  XV.  p.  305. 

'  Willard  Memoir,  by  Joseph  Willard,  pp.  237,  note,  417,  note. 

Mill'— lullH  III.  -^-W~»  "V^S^' ■'  '  '"''*''''^*'*;-3^*.'('*'''*^''''^',\, 

^m:  B-'^- 





_L_  V 



-.i^''i«/'kfcJii'V.''ui..'>i^i^        J  i^jii'ia  ■-■^il.  Bt 

BUH.T    L\    17S2. 

VI.    45.] 


ISL)]  to  have  removed  from  Salem  to  Boston  witli  lii.-s  family.  He  was 
living  in  Salem  as  late  as  Sept.  29,  1771,  when  his  child  Mary  was  baptized. 
She  was  the  last  of  his  eight  children  whose  baptisms  are  recorded  on  the 
South  Church  Records.  He  is  doubtless  the  same  Thomas  Needham  who 
died  in  Boston,  July  4,  1804,  aged  seventy  years. 

He  was  probably  a  son  of  Daniel  and  Isabella  [Armstrong]  Needham, 
of  Salem.  They  had  a  son  of  this  name  born  July  15,  1734.  Ancestry 
Tables   ^. 

20-21.  VI.  44.  Hardy  PMppen  [Seeth  20-24.  V.  11],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  lost  at  sea.     A  fisherman.     Residence  :  Marblehead,  Mass. 

Administration  on  the  estate  of  Hardy  Phippen,  of  Marblehead,  fisher- 
man, was  granted,  Sept.  4,  1775,  to  Mary  Phippen,  who  gave  bond  witli 
Thomas  Stevens  and  Joshua  Phippen.^ 

20-21.  VI.  44-  -VrtJ'//  Ash  ton,  his  wife,  probably  born  in  Marblehead, 
Mass.,  died  in  Manchester,  Mass. 

Her  first  husband's  name  was  Ashton.  After  Mr.  Phippen's  death  she 
removed  to  Manchester,  where  she  was  married,  Sept.  28,  1775,  to  her  third 
husband,  William  Stone  of  that  town. 

She  was  a  daughter  of Stevens.      Ancestry  Tables   ^. 

22-24.  VI.  45.  JosllTia  Phippen  [Seeth  20-24.  V.  11],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  died  in  Salem.     A  cooper.     Residence  :  Salem." 

In  1782  ]\Ir.  Phippen  built  the  house  on  the  east  side  of  Hardy  Street, 
and  the  family  moved  into  it  on  Dec.  31,  1782.  The  present  occupants  of 
the  house  are  descendants  of  Joshua  Phippen  of  the  fourth  generation,  to 
whom  it  has  come  down  in  a  direct  line.  A  heliotype  of  the  house  is  here 

Administration  on  the  estate  of  Joshua  Pliippen,  of  Salem,  cooper,  was 
granted,  Oct.  21,  1811,  to  Ursula  Phippen,  who  gave  bond  with  Joseph  J. 
and  Isaac  Knapp.^ 

'  Essex  County  Probate  Records,  Vol.  .351,  p.  337;  files,  Xo.  21,748. 
'  His  birth  is  given  by  two  authorities  as  Jan.  27,  1742-3.     Dr.  Henry  Wheatland 
gave  it  as  June  27,  1742. 

'  Esses  County  Probate  Eecords,  Vol.  381,  p.  303 ;  files,  No.  21,756. 


22-24.  VI.  ^^.  Hannah  Sibley,  liis  lirst  wife,  probably  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem. 

Dr.  Bentlej  states  that  she  died  of  consumption,  and  that  she  was  "  very- 
active  in  early  life,  long  sick  and  confined."  ^ 

Mrs.  Phippen  was  a  daughter  of  Samuel  and  Meribah  (Bartlett)  Sibley, 
of  Salem.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Sibley,  Wells, 
Bai'tlett.      See  Axcestut  Tables    j^i. 

24.  VI. -^^.  V^rsiila  Symonds,  \he  second  wife  of  Joshua  Phippen, 
probably  bom  in  Salem,  probably  died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Phippen's  first  husband,  whom  she  married  May  1,  1771,  was 
Jonathan  Symonds,  of  Salem.  He  was  born  Sept.  19,  1748,  and  was  a  son 
of  Joseph  and  Mary  (Very)  Symonds.  By  him  she  had  the  following 
children :  — 

Makt  Symonds,  born  Dec.  8,  1772 ;  died  Nov.  16,  1833,  unmarried. 

Ursula  Knapp  Syjionds,  born   ^March   3,    1775 ;    married,  March   IS,    1804,    Hardy 

Phippen  [24  VII.  139]. 
Kebecca  Symonds,  born   July   29,  1779 ;    married  first,  June  7,   1799,  Isaac 

Needham  Chapman ;   second,  Peter   Eaton    Webster  [24 

Vin.  2.51-]. 

Mrs.  Phippen  was  a  daughter  of  Isaac  Knapp  of  Salem.  Ursula  Knapp 
Symonds  [24.  VII.  1^55]  was  her  daughter;  Ursula  Knapp  Chapman  [13. 
VIII.  139']  was  her  granddaughter,  and  Isaac  Needham  Chapman  [24.  VIII. 
£^]  was  her  grandson.  Peter  Eaton  Webster  [24.  VIII.  55i-]  was  her  son- 
in-law.      Ancestry  Tables  ,?^,.  ^ 

24.  VI.  46.  Joseph  Phippen  [Seeth  20-24.  V.  11],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  died  at  sea.     A  shipmaster.     Residence  :  Salem.^ 

Mr.  Phippen  was  lost  at  sea  when  a  young  man,  while  making  the 
passage  from  Virginia.^ 

*  Kecord  of  the  Parish  List  of  Deaths  1785-1819,  by  Rev.  William  Bentley,  D.  D., 
p.  59. 

'  His  birth  is  given  as  1750,  in  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  III.  p.  12G; 
while  the  Nichols  Family  Records  give  it  as  March  5,  1747. 

^  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  III.  p.  126. 

-.^.  ■■') 



[25-27.     VI.     47.] 
From    a    W.^ier-Color    Portkait,    painted    about    iSoo,   ndvv    in-    the 

POSSESSro.N-    OF    THE    HEIRS    OF    THE    LATE    GrE.WILLE    MELLEN'    PeIRCE, 

Esg.,  OF  Baio.n   Rouge,  La. 


25-27.  VI.  47.  Joseph.  Peirce  [Mury  23-27.  \.  14],  born  in  Boston, 
baptized  there  Dec.  20,  1745,  died  in  Boston.  A  merchant.  Residence: 

Captain  Peirce  graduated  at  the  Boston  Latin  School  in  1756,  but  did 
not  enter  college.  He  chose  a  mercantile  career,  and  finally  became  es- 
tablished on  State  Street,  Boston,  as  a  merchant.  That  he  was  a  man  of 
great  intelligence  and  a  fine  penman  is  shown  by  his  numerous  letters, 
which  are  among  the  Knox  papers  in  the  possession  of  the  New  England 
Historic  Genealogical  Society.  He  was  also  a  man  of  great  integrity. 
Like  most  of  his  relations  and  family  connections,  lie  was  a  member  of  the 
historic  Old  South  Church  of  Boston,  having  joined  that  church  Feb.  26,  1775. 
For  many  years  he  was  on  its  standing  committee,  and  on  April  2,  1818, 
from  reason  of  advanced  age,  he  declined  to  serve  further  and  received  the 
thanks  of  the  society  for  his  long  services.  He  was  one  of  a  committee  of 
three  appointed  Xov.  20,  1815,  to  procure  anew  bell  for  the  meeting-house. 
The  bell  was  cast  in  London,  and  bears  the  following  inscription  :  — 

Meaks  of  London  Fecit 

By  order  of 

Joseph  Peirce       '\  Committe 

Edw°  Phillips       \  Of  Old  South 

JosiAH  Salisbury  )  Society      1816 

This  bell  was  removed  from  the  old  meeting-house  on  "Washington 
Street  to  the  tower  of  the  new  building  on  the  comer  of  Boylston  and 
Dartmouth  streets,  where  it  hung  till  the  summer  of  1895,  when  it  was 
replaced  by  a  new  one. 

The  various  military  and  ci\-il  positions  which  Captain  Peirce  filled  give 
ex-idence  of  his  interest  in  public  matters.  He  early  showed  a  taste  for 
military  affairs,  and  became  first  lieutenant  of  the  Boston  Grenadiers,  of 
which  he  was  one  of  the  founders.  Colonel  Thomas  Dawes,  his  fatlier-in- 
law,  was  the  first  commander  of  this  corps,  and  was  succeeded  in  that  posi- 
tion by  Joseph  Peirce.  This  famous  corps  was  composed  of  picked  men, 
and  elicited  the  admiration  of  General  Gage  when  he  airived  in  Boston 
just  before  the  Revolution  to  take  command  of  the  British  forces  in 
America.     It  was  in  this  company  that  General  Knox  acquired  that  love 


of  militar}'  affairs  which  subsequently  raised  liim  to  such  eminence  in  the 
Revolutionary  Army.  General  Knox  was  through  life  the  intimate  friend 
of  Mr.  Peirce,  who  was  only  prevented  from  joining  the  army  by  poor 
health  and  a  young  family.  He  is  said  to  have  been  one  of  those  in  charge 
of  the  tea  ship,  as  guard,  on  the  night  before  the  appearance  of  the 
"Indians,"  of  whom  his  brother  John  was  one.  In  1769  Captain  Peirce 
was  a  member  of  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery  Company.  He  was 
a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  a  representative  from  Boston  in  the  General 
Court  in  1814,  1815,  and  1816. 

Through  his  friend  General  Knox  he  became  interested  in  the  Eastern 
Lands  speculation.  These  lands  were  in  Maine,  in  what  are  now  the  towns 
of  Camden,  Wiscasset,  Liberty,  and  Lincoln.  They  were  then  known  as  the 
property  of  the  Twenty  Associates  of  the  Lincolnshire  Company.  Captain 
Peirce  succeeded  Nathaniel  Appleton  as  clerk  and  treasurer  of  this  com- 
pany, and  held  these  positions  many  years.  He  acquired  large  tracts 
of  the  company's  lands,  partly  by  purchase,  and  partly  in  payment  for 
his  services  to  the  company.  In  fact,  it  would  seem  that  finally  all  the 
lands  of  the  company  came  to  him.  On  July  27,  1796,  he  had  a  grant 
from  the  Associates  of  one  half  of  the  land  lying  at  the  head  of  Negunti- 
cook  Harbor  in  Camden,  the  other  half  of  which  had  been  granted  on  Sept. 
2,  1785,  to  the  heirs  of  William  !JIinot,  deceased.  This  grant  was  "  in  con- 
sideration of  his  zeal,  acti\-ity  and  particular  attention  to  the  Company's 
welfare."     On  Feb.  12,  1806,  the  Company  voted, 

"  That  for  the  long  and  very  faitliful  services  of  Mr.  Joseph  Peu'ce,  as  Clerk  &, 
Treasurer  of  this  Proprietary,  together  with  liis  like  service  as  Chairman  of  the  Stand- 
ing Committee  there  be  and  hereby  is  Granted  to  him  all  the  residue  of  the  Lands  as 
pr.  Schedule  exhibited  and  accepted  at  this  meeting  &  annexed,  excepting  the  lots 
now  drawn  to  the  Original  Proprietors  rights  and  the  Lands  granted  to  Mr.  Lynde 
Walter,  and  Mr.  Samuel  Hunt,  and  that  Mr.  Lynde  Walter  execute  a  Deed  of  the 
same  in  the  name  of  this  Proprietary  to  said  Peirce  his  heirs  and  assigns." 

This  deed  was  executed  Feb.  15,  1806.  It  transfen-ed  to  Captain  Peirce 
nearly  eighteen  hundred  acres  of  land,  consisting  of  lots  of  various  sizes  all 
lying  in  Appleton  Ridge,  so  called.  Among  these  was  Xegro  Island,  at  the 
entrance  of  Negunticook  or  Camden  Harbor.     These  lands  required  much 


of  his  attention  and  care,  and  were  the  source  of  great  vexation  and 
trouble  to  him,  since  he  had  great  difficulty  in  collecting  payment  from 
the  settlers  and  in  ejecting  squatters.  His  son,  Joseph  Hardy  Peirce,  acted 
as  his  agent,  at  whose  death,  in  1831,  a  large  portion  of  the  land  remained 

Captain  Peirce  in  his  old  age  was  full  of  anecdotes  and  reminiscences 
of  the  Revolution,  which  rendered  him  a  very  interesting  and  instructive 
companion.  He  was  never  a  robust  man,  and  for  twenty  years  preceding 
his  death  he  suffered  from  an  asthmatic  cough.  His  granddaughter,  the 
late  ilrs.  Laura  P.  Holland,  of  Chelsea,  Mass.,  said  his  hair  was  as  white 
at  twenty  as  it  was  at  eighty.  On  her  frequent  visits  to  him,  she  used  to 
dress  his  venerable  locks,  which  were  nearly  a  yard  long,  and  required  to 
be  doubled  up  four  times  before  tying  the  cue  with  a  black  ribbon.  He 
was  greatly  venerated  and  beloved  by  his  family.  Christmas  was  partic- 
ularly observed  in  the  family,  he  having  been  born  on  that  day  in  the 
year  1 745,  —  the  day  that  the  chime  of  bells  of  Christ  Church,  Boston, 
was  fii-st  rung. 

Captain  Peirce  was  a  member  of  the  Massachusetts  Society  of  the 
Cincinnati,  having  in  1808  succeeded  his  brother,  John  Peirce,  who  was 
an  original  member.  He  was  bmied  in  the  family  tomb  in  the  King's 
Chapel  Burying  Ground,  Boston.  This  tomb  he  bought  of  the  heirs  of 
Colonel  Fitch,  of  Salem,  Aug.  3,  1819,  and  on  Dec.  23,  1819,  he  had  sLx 
members  of  the  family  removed  from  the  tomb  at  Copp's  Hill  and  placed 
in  the  new  tomb. 

The  heliotype  given  of  Captain  Peirce  is  from  a  water  color  portrait 
painted  in  or  about  the  year  1800,  now  in  the  possession  of  the  heirs 
of  his  great-grandson,  Grenville  Mellen  Peirce,  of  Baton  Rouge,  La.^ 

'  The  above  sketch  is  made  up  from  Family  Papers ;  Original  Books  and  Papers  of 
the  Twenty  Associates,  in  possession  of  Harrison  Ellery;  Memorials  of  the  Massachusetts 
Society  of  the  Cincinnati,  edited  by  James  ]\I.  Bugbee,  pp.  383-386;  Peirce  Family  Rec- 
ord, by  Edward  W.  West,  p.  1  ;  The  ]\rerchants'  ^Magazine  and  Commercial  Review, 
conducted  by  Freeman  Hunt,  Vol.  XX.  p.  621 ;  The  History  of  the  Ancient  and  Hon- 
orable Artillery  Company,  first  eilition,  by  Zachariah  G.  "V^Tiitraan,  p.  319;  and  the 
History  of  the  Old  South  Church  [Third  Church],  Boston,  1669-1884,  by  Hamilton  A.  Hill, 
Vol  II. 


25-27.  VI.  ^r.  Ann  Daives,  tlie  wife  of  Joseph  Peirce,  born  in  Boston, 
baptized  there  May  20,  IToo,  died  in  Boston. 

Mrs.  Peirce  united  with  the  Old  South  Church,  Feb.  26,  1775. 

One  of  her  letters  to  her  grandson,  Constantius  Peirce,  dated  Jan.  10, 
1810,  is  still  preserved.  In  it  she  speaks  of  having  sent  him  a  plum  pud- 
ding. Her  granddaughter,  the  late  Mrs.  Laura  P.  Holland,  kept  up  the 
practice  of  making  these  English  plum  puddings,  and  sending  them  to 
absent  members  of  her  family,  to  the  last  days  of  her  life. 

Mrs.  Peirce's  portrait  in  water  color,  painted  in  or  about  the  year  1800, 
is  in  the  possession  of  the  heirs  of  her  great-grandson,  the  late  Grenville 
Mellen  Peirce,  of  Baton  Rouge,  La.     A  heliotype  of  it  is  here  given. 

Mrs.  Peirce  was  a  daughter  of  the  Hon.  Colonel  Thomas  and  Hannah 
(Blake)  Dawes.  Judge  Thomas  Dawes  was  her  brother.  Her  father  was 
one  of  the  most  prominent  citizens  of  Boston,  and  was  devoted  to  the 
patriot  party,  the  leading  members  of  which  sometimes  held  meetings  in 
his  garret,  "  where  they  smoked  tobacco,  drank  flip,  and  discussed  the  state 
of  the  country."  The  tories  nicknamed  him  "  Jonathan  Smoothing  Plane." 
He  took  so  conspicuous  a  part  in  the  early  scenes  of  the  Revolution  that 
he  drew  upon  himself  the  anger  of  the  royalists,  and  his  beautiful  stone 
mansion  in  Purchase  Street  was  sacked  by  the  British  troops  before  they 
left  Boston.  Opposite  this  house  was  his  wharf,  which  was  known  as 
Dawes's  wharf. 

He  was  one  of  the  fii'st  great  mechanics  of  Boston,  and  designed  and 
built  a  number  of  its  prominent  buildings. 

Colonel  Dawes  represented  Boston  in  the  Massachusetts  Senate  for 
twenty  successive  years,  and  as  the  president  of  that  body  acted  as  gover- 
nor when  Governor  Increase  Sumner  died,  there  being  no  lieutenant 
governor  at  that  time.  He  was  three  times  chosen  elector  of  Presidents  of 
the  United  States.'  He  was  a  member  and  deacon  of  the  Old  South  Church. 
His  family  tomb  is  in  the   King's  Chapel  Burying  Ground,  over  which  is 

'  The  History  of  the  jVncient  and  Honorable  Artillery  Company,  by  Zachariah  G. 
Whitman,  p.  302 ;  Tlie  ]V[erchauts'  ^Magazine  and  Commercial  Review,  conducted  by  Free- 
man Hunt,  Vol.  XX.  p.  621 ;  King's  Chapel  Epitaphs,  by  Thomas  Bridgman,  pp.  125,  293 ; 
and  William  Dawes  and  his  Eide  with  Paul  Kevere,  by  Henry  W.  Holland,  pp.  60-67. 


[25-27-     VI.     47] 

From   a   Water-Coi.or    Pori-rait,    painted    about    iSoo,   now    in    tuf. 


Esq.,  of  B.\ton  Rolt.e,  La. 


T        -\ 

--      -'t.     . 


a  wliite  monuuiPiu  ber>ring  a  long  iiu^cription.  The  line  portrait  of  him 
by  Stuart  represents  a  distinguished  looking  man.  It  was  given  to  Colo- 
nel Dawes's  descendant,  the  late  Hon.  Thomas  Dawes  Elliot,  by  Colonel 
Dawes's  great-grandson,  the  Hon.  Henry  A.  Peirce. 

Mrs.  Peirce's  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Dawes,  Mills, 
Burastead,  Story,  Underwood,  Plaice,  Blake,  Clap,  Bachiler,  Smitli,  Gray, 
Harrison,  Peirce.     See  Ancestky  Tabli:s  ^. 

27.  VI.  49.  Jolin  Peirce  [Mary  25-27.  V.  14],  born  in  Boston, 
baptized  there  Sept.  30,  1750,  died  near  Vickburg,  iliss.  An  officer  in  the 
United  States  Ai-my.^ 

Captain  Peirce  is  said  to  have  been  one  of  the  "Indians''  who  de- 
stroyed the  tea  in  Boston  Harbor.  In  June,  1776,  he  was  commis- 
.sioned  second  lieutenant  in  General  Knox's  Regiment  of  the  Continental 
Artillery.  In  January,  1777,  he  was  made  first  lieutenant  in  tbe  3d 
Continental  Artillery,  and  Sept.  12,  1777,  he  held  the  position  of  second 
lieutenant  in  Callcnder's  Company,  Crane's  Ai'tillery.  On  Sept.  12,  1778, 
he  was  captain-lieutenant,  serving  in  Rhode  Island,  and  was  transferred  to 
the  Corps  of  Artillery,  June  17,  1783,  serving  till  Nov.  3,  1783.  He  saw 
much  active  service,  beginning  with  the  siege  of  Boston,  and  ending  only 
with  the  close  of  the  war  in  1783.  Re-entering  the  service  under  the  Confed- 
eration, he  was  commissioned  a  lieutenant  in  the  United  States  Artillery 
Battalion,  Oct.  20,  1786 ;  lieutenant  of  the  Artillery  Battalion,  United  States 
Army,  Sept.  29,  1789  ;  captain,  Oct.  15,  1791  ;  and  captain  of  Artillerists 
and  Engineers,  May  9,  1794. 

Captain  Peirce  signed  the  roll  and  became  one  of  the  Cincinnati  in  1783 
at  the  cantonment  of  tlie  Massachusetts  Line  on  the  banks  of  the  Hudson 
River.     He  was  succeeded  in  the  society  by  his  brother  Joseph. 

He  died  at  Fort  McHenry,  Walnut  Hills,  near  Vicksburg,  Miss.,  of  a 
climatic  disease  contracted  while  in  garrison  at  Fort  Adams,  on  the  left 
bank  of  the  Mississippi  River,  where  he  had  been  for  some  time  stationed. 

*  The  date  of  his  death  is  given  by  several  authorities  as  July  22,  1703  ;  wliile 
•Inly  2t,  179S  is  given  in  the  Historical  Eegister  of  Officers  of  the  Continental  Army, 
by  F.  B.  Heitman,  p.  323- 


Ill  an  obituary  notice  of  him  which  appeared  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
Tuesday,  Nov.  20,  1798,  he  is  spoken  of  as  a  veteran  of  twenty  years  of 
uninterrupted  devotion  to  his  country's  cause,  etc.^ 

27.  VI.  50.  Isaac  Peirce  [Mary  25-27.  V.  14],  born  in  Boston,  bap- 
tized tliere  Dec.  30,  1753,  died  in  Boston.     A  soldier.     Residence:  Boston. 

June  7,  1776,  he  was  appointed  aide-de-camp  to  Major  General  Horatio 
Gates,  with  the  rank  of  major  in  tlie  Continental  Army.  lie  is  said  to  have 
been  a  friend  of  the  Marquis  de  Lafayette.  lie  was  buried  in  the  Peirce 
tomb  in  the  King's  Chapel  Burying-  Ground. 

Tlie  heliotype  of  him  here  given  is  taken  from  his  miniature  now  in  the 
possession  of  the  heirs  of  his  gi-eat-grandnephew,  the  late  Greuville  Mellen 
Peirce,  of  Baton  Rouge,  La." 

27.  VI.  51.  Hardy  Peirce  [Mary  25-27.  V.  14],  born  in  Boston,  bap- 
tized there  July  25,  1756,  died  in  Fort  Lee,  New  York.  A  soldier.  Resi- 
dence: Boston. 

Hardy  Peirce  was  a  lieutenant  of  the  American  Train  of  Artillery  of 
the  Continental  Army,  and  was  killed  by  a  cannon-ball  from  the  enemy's 
lines.  He  was  an  active  officer,  and  was  much  lamented.  Major  Troop 
addressed  to  his  parents  a  consolatory  poem  on  his  death.  It  is  inscribed 
as  follows :  — 

"  A  Consolatory  thought  addrest  to  iP  Isaac  and  M"  Mary  Pcirco  on  the  Suddain 
and  Awful  death  of  their  Son  Lieu!  Hardy  Peirce,  who  was  Unfortunately  killed  by  a 
Cannon  in  Fort  Lee  at  Xew  York,  November  S"'  1776  in  the  20'."  year  of  his  age ;  Sic 
transit  gloria  Mundi !  "  ^ 

The  original  poem  was  in  the  possession  of  his  grandniece,  the  late  Mrs. 
Laura  P.  Holland. 

*  Historical  Register  of  Officers  of  the  Continental  Army  during  the  War  of  the  Revo- 
lution, April,  1775,  to  December,  1783,  bj-  F.  B.  Heitman,  p.  323;  Dictionary  of  the  Army 
of  the  United  States,  by  Charles  k.  Gardner ;  Jlemorials  of  the  Jfassachusetts  Society  of 
the  Cincinnati,  edited  by  James  M.  Bugbee,  pp  383-3SG ;  The  ^lerchants'  Jfagazine  and 
Commercial  Review,  conducted  by  Freeman  Hunt,  Vol.  XX.  p.  621 ;  Peirce  Family  Record, 
by  Edward  W.  West,  p.  1. 

'  Peirce  Family  Record,  by  Edward  W.  West,  p.  1. 

•  Peirce  Family  Record,  by  Edward  W.  West,  p.  2. 


From   a  Miniature   in  thk  possession  of  the  heirs  of  the   late 
Grenville  Mellen  Peirce,  Esq.,  of  Baton  Rouge,  La. 




27.  VI.  52.  Sarah  Peirce  [Mary  25-27.  V.  14],  bom  iu  Boston,  bap- 
tized there  Xov.  26,  1758,  probably  died  in  Boston.* 

27.  VI.  53.  Mary  Peirce  [Mary  25-27.  V.  14],  born  in  Boston,  bap- 
tized there  April  12,  1761." 

27.  VI.  54.  Grafton  Feveryear  Peirce  [Mary  25-27.  V.  14]  bom 
in  Boston,  baptized  there  Sept.   18,  1763,  probably  died  in  Boston. 

The  peculiar  name  given  to  this  child  seems  to  have  been  chosen  from 
the  fact  that  his  great-grandmother,  Mary  (Grafton)  Hardy,  married,  June 
6,  1688,  as  her  second  husband,  Edmund  Feveryear,  of  Boston,  and  had 
a  son,  Grafton  Feveryear,  born  March  31,  1689. 

28-29.  VI.  55.  Joseph  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  died  in  Salem. ^     Residence :  Salem. 

The  Salem  Gazette  of  Friday,  March  17,  1809,  speaks  of  him  as 
follows :  — 

"  In  this  town,  Mr.  Joseph  Henheld  aged  66,  a  man  who  has  long  been  a  faithful 
servant  of  the  town,  as  an  Assessor  of  the  taxes,  and  whose  integrity,  ability  and 
experience  in  tliat  office  has  amidst  all  the  conflicts  of  party,  commanded  the  general 
suffrage  of  his  fellow  townsmen.  It  was  a  rare  and  honoraljle  tribute  to  his  worth, 
t!iat  even  while  on  his  death-bed  they  would  not  consent  to  relinquish  him,  but  gave 
him,  as  an  earnest  of  their  hopes,  about  1500  votes.  Funeral  this  day  at  4  o'clock, 
which  his  friends  and  relations  are  desired  to  attend." 

28-29.  VI.  55.  Anna  Mansfield,  his  wife,  probably  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  May  13,  1744,  probably  died  in  Salem.* 

^  The  Peirce  Family  Kecord,  by  Edward  W.  West,  p.  6,  gives  the  date  of  her  birth 
as  Xov.  4,  1758 ;  but  this  is  undoubtedly  wrong,  as  the  Boston  Eccords  give  it  as  Xov.  24, 

'  llary  Peirce  probably  died  young,  though  we  liave  found  no  record  of  this  fact. 
The  Genealogies  and  Estates  of  Charlestown,  by  Thos.  B.  Wyman,  Vol.  I.  p.  108,  mentions 
a  Mary  Peirce  who  married  Abel  Boynton,  both  of  Westford,  on  ilay  18,  1798 ;  and  the 
Xichols  Family  Records  state  that  this  was  the  Mary  Peirce  above  mentioned. 

•  His  gravestone  gives  his  death  as  ^March  16,  1809;  while  ]March  15, 1809,  is  given  in 
Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  V.  p.  209. 

*  The  family  give  the  date  of  her  death  as  Jan.  8, 1832,  as  inscribed  on  her  gravestone ; 
while  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  V.  p.  209,  gives  it  as  Jan.  7,  1832. 


Mrs.  Ilcnfield's  first  husband  was  Joiiatliau  ManslioIJ,  of  Salem,  wlioin  sho 
married  Oct.  27,  1762.  Mrs.  S.  x\..  Weston,  of  Salem,  one  of  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Mansfield's  descendants,  writes  that  Mrs.  Heniield  was  a  handsome  woman, 
and  that  Joseph  Henfield  was  a  suitor  before  Mr.  ilanstield.  She  adds,  that 
the  Mansfields  were  fond  of  high  li^^ng•,  so  that  when  Mr.  Mansfield  died 
there  was  not  much  propei-ty  left  to  support  the  widow  and  the  children. 
Mr.  Henfield  was  still  unmarried  at  ^Ir.  ^lansfield's  death,  and  on  hearing- 
the  news  he  remarked  that  it  was  the  happiest  day  of  his  life.  He  re- 
newed his  offer  of  marriage  to  the  widow,  and  she  accepted  him.  Mrs. 
Weston  also  writes  that  there  was  a  small  picture  of  Mrs.  Henfield  in 
the  Haraden  family  some  years  ago. 

Jonathan  and  Anna  Mansfield  had  the  following  seven  children  baptized 
at  the  Tabernacle  Church  in  Salem;  and  one  was  born  to  them  whose 
name  is  not  on  that  church  record : 

DoECAS  Maxsfield,         baptized  April  28,  1765. 

Anne  Mansfield,  baptized  April  28,  1765. 

Anna  Mansfield,  baptized  Jan  25,  1767,  and  died  April  5,  1846.     She  married. 

May  8,  1785,  .John  Rnst,  who  was  born  April  4,  1762,  and 
died  May  26,  1834,  having  removed  from  Salem  to  Nor- 
way, Me. 

LucT  Mansfield,  baptized  Jan.  22,  1769,  died  Dec.   16,  1831.     She  married, 

Sept.  17,  1786,  Thomas  Bowditch,  who  was  born  Sept.  22, 
1761,  and  died  April  12,  1807.  WilUam  Henry  Archer 
[22.  IX.  ■339']  was  their  grandson,  and  Clara  Henfield  Bow- 
ditch  [31.  IX.  511]  was  their  granddaughter. 

Dorcas  Mansfield,         baptized  March  31,  1771,  married  William  Godshall. 

Mehitable  JIaxsfield,  born  1773,  died  July  25,  1825,  married,  Sept.  14,  1794,  Wil- 
liam Luscomb,  who  was  born  in  1774,  and  died  Feb.  8, 

Elizabeth  IM-As-sffeld,  baptized  Jan.  9,  1774. 

Patty  Mansfield,  baptized  March  1,  1788,  married  Andrew  Tncker. 

Mrs.  Henfield  was  a  daughter  of  Miles  and  Hannah  (Derby)  Ward,  of 
Salem.  Her  brother,  Nathaniel  Ward  (H.  C.  176.5),  was  librarian  of  Har- 
vard College.  Andrew  Ward  [3.5-37.  VI.  -75]  was  her  cousin.  Her 
ancestry  includes  the  following  families:  Ward,  Flint,  Massey,  Wells, 
Warner,  Derby,  Hilman,  Yomigs,  Budd.     See  Ancestky  Tables  ^\. 


211-3)-.  VI.  5G.  Lydia  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  probably  died  in  Salem. 

29-34.  VI.  6G.  George  Chapman,  her  husband,  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  July  26,  1741,  died  in  Salem.  A  mariner.  Resi- 
dence :  Salem.^ 

In  early  life  Captain  Chapman  was  actively  engaged  in  maritime  affairs, 
and  taught  na^■igation  in  the  old  Henfield  house  on  Washington  Street, 
Salem.  Dr.  Nathaniel  Bowditch  is  said  to  have  been  one  of  his  pupils.  In 
1798  he  was  appointed  the  first  keeper  of  the  Baker's  Island  light,  and  he 
held  this  position  for  seventeen  years.  During  the  last  years  of  his  life  he 
was  blind.  One  of  his  descendants  says  that  his  teeth  were  double  all  the 
v,-ay  round.  He  is  said  to  have  been  a  man  of  a  pleasant  disposition.  The 
Chapman  family  homestead  stood  on  the  upper  corner  of  Essex  and  Sum- 
mer Streets,  Salem,  which  used  to  go  by  the  name  of  Chapman's  corner.^ 

George  Chapman  was  a  son  of  Isaac  and  Hannah  (Dean)  Chapman. 
John  Chcqnnan  [40.  VI.  6!^]  was  his  nephew;  Ursula  Kuapp  Chapman  [13. 
VIII.  lo9'\  was  his  gi-andniece,  and  Isaac  Needliam  Chapman  [24.  VIII.  24S'\ 
was  his  grandnephew.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Chap- 
man, Cook,  Birdsall,  Buxton,  Dean,  Daniell,  Prince,  Ruck,  Spooner,  Buf- 
fum,  Pope.      See  A^,-CESTRT  Tables  ^\. 

34.  VI.  57.  Edmund  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  died  in  Salem.     Residence :  Salem. 

Mr.  Henfield  is  said  to  have  been  drowned  at  night  near  the  South 

34.  VI.  67.     Marii  Beadle,  his  wife,  probably  born  and  died  in  Salem. 
Mrs.    Henfield    was   a   daughter   of  John   and   Mary   (West)    Beadle. 
Ancestry  Taeles  ^'^. 

»  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  on  the  Sheets  as  July  26,  1741.  This  is  certainly  the 
date  of  his  baptism,  and  the  notice  of  his  death  in  the  Salem  Gazette,  of  Jlarch  23,  1824, 
speaks  of  him  as  being  84  years  old. 

-  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XIII.  p.  310 ;  The  First  Centenary  of 
the  North  Church  and  Society  in  Salem,  p.  201. 


35-37.  VI.  58.  SaralL  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  died  in  Sulem.^ 

35-37.  VI.  oS.  Andrew  Ward,  her  husband,  probably  bom  in  Salem, 
and  died  in  Salem.     Residence  :  Salem. 

Mr.  "Ward  was  a  son  of  John  and  Hannah  (Higginson)  Ward,  of  Salem. 
Anna  Mansfield  [28-29.  VI.  oo'\  was  his  cousin.  His  ancestry  includes 
the  following  families:  Ward,  Flint,  Massey,  Wells,  Warner,  Higginson, 
Whitfield,    Sheafe,    Savage,    Symmes,    Gerrish,    Lowell,    Ruck,    Spooner. 

38-39.  VI.  59.  Mary  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Goodale's  grandson,  the  late  Samuel  H.  Gooch,  wrote,  that :  — 

"  With  limited  means,  she  maintained  unstinted  hospitality,  and  made  her  house 
in  Cambridge  Street  a  paradise  for  her  children  and  a  large  circle  of  friends  and 
relatives.  ...  If  space  permitted,  numerous  anecdotes  might  be  given,  illustrative 
of  the  social  idolatry  which  she  inspired.  Her  oldest  grandson,  now  (1893)  87  years 
of  age,  happened  to  be  present  at  the  time  her  house  was  moved,  subsequent  to  her 
death.  One  of  the  old  townspeople,  standing  by,  said,  'there  has  been  goodness 
enough  in  that  house  to  sanctify  a  neighborhood.'  .  .  .  One  incident,  apparently  tri- 
fling, but  remembered  for  so  many  years  by  one  of  her  now  aged  grandchildren  will 
show  a  certain  phase  of  her  character.  It  was  one  evening,  while  in  company  she 
felt  a  mouse  in  her  dress.  She  calmly  pinned  him  in  the  folds  and  when  the  com- 
pany had  dispersed,  as  calmly  let  him  out." 

Mr.  Gooch  remembered  a  beautiful  ivory  miniature  of  her,  but  it  has  not 
been  found. 

38-39.  VI.  .5:9.  Joshua  Goodale,  the  husband  of  Mary  Henfield, 
probably  born  in  Salem,  baptized  there  June  17,  1753,  probably  died  iu 
Salem.     A  blacksmith.     Residence:  Salem.^ 

»  A  Family  Bible  gives  the  date  of  their  marriage  as  ^lay  11,  1773.  Essex  Institute 
Historical  Collections,  Vol.  V.  p.  209,  gives  it  as  :May  21,  1773. 

*  We  have  the  date  of  his  birth  given  as  June  20,  1753;  while  his  baptism  is  given  as 
above  in  the  "  Eighteenth  Century  Baptisms  in  Salem,  Mass.,"  by  James  A.  Emmerton, 
p.  48. 


Jlr.  Goodale  was  a  son  of  Joahuu  and  Anne  (Derby)  Goodale,  of 
Salem.  Ilis  ancestry  includes  the  following  families:  Goodale,  Beacham, 
Rhodes,  Derby,  Ililman,  Youngs,  Budd.     See  A_\cestkv  Tables  3^. 

39.  VI.  61.  John  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  probably  bom  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem  of  apoplexy. 

39-40.  VI.  G2.  Martha  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  probably 
bom  and  died  in  Salem. 

39.  VI.  G2\  I>avid  Neal,  her  first  husband,  probably  born  and 
died  in  Salem.     Residence :  Salem.^ 

Mr.  Neal  was  a  son  of  David  and  Hannah  (Webb)  Neal.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  fimilies:  Xeal,  Lawes,  Buifum,  Small,  Webb,  Bray, 
Collins,  Cockerill.      See  Ancestry  Tables  ^i,. 

40.  VI.  G2-.  John  JDoii'st,  the  second  husband  of  Martha  Henfield, 
probably  born  in  Salem,  baptized  there  Sept.  20,  1761,  probably  died  in 
Salem.     Residence:  Salem. 

Mr.  Dowst  belonged  to  a  family  remarkable  for  its  strength.  An  article 
printed  in  the  Salem  Observer  of  Aug.  4,  1877,  which  relates  to  his  brother 
William,  entitled  "  Strong  Men  of  Salem  in  the  Past,"  states  that  the 
strongest  man  who  ever  lived  in  Salem  was  William  Dowst,  who  was  born 
in  Salem  and  died  there  in  1801.  He  was  nearly  seven  feet  high  and 
weighed  three  hundred  and  fifty  pounds.  During  tlie  Revolutionary  War 
be  was  on  board  a  privateer  which  got  among  the  breakers  off  Cape  Breton, 
and  it  became  necessary  to  cast  anchor.  The  anchor  being  in  the  hold  of 
the  vessel,  the  crew  could  not  raise  it ;  but  Dowst  seized  it,  carried  it  upon 
deck,  bent  a  cable  to  it,  threw  it  overboard,  and  saved  the  vessel  just  as  it 
was  on  the  point  of  being  dashed  upon  the  rocks.  The  anchor  weighed 
seven  hundred  pounds. 

*  His  name  is  given  as  David  Xeal  on  page  4.50  of  The  Driver  Pamily,  by  Harriet 
Ruth  (\Vaters)  Cooke,  and  on  page  452  of  the  same  work  it  is  erroneously  given  as  Daniel 


When  on  board  of  the  Rochauipton,  lie  coraphiined  to  the  captain  that 
he  (lid  not  have  enough  to  eat.  The  captain  told  him  if  he  could  do  more 
than  any  other  man  on  board,  he  should  have  more.  Whereupon  Dowst 
went  to  the  forecastle,  took  a  gun,  carriage  and  all,  carried  it  to  the  quarter- 
deck and  tlien  good-naturedly  asked  the  captain  to  see  how  many  men  it 
would  take  to  carry  it  back.  It  was  found  that  five  were  needed  for  this 
pm-pose.  xVfter  that  Dowst  never  had  reason  to  complain  of  a  lack  of 

John  Dowst  was  a  son  of  William  and  Jane  (Abom)  Dowst,  of  Salem. 

Ancestry  TABLf:s    j^j. 

40.  VI.  63.  Jonathan  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  probably 
born  and  died  in  Salem. 

40.  VI.  64.  Rutll  Henfield  [Lydia  28-40.  V.  15],  probably  born 
and  died  in  Salem. 

40.  VI.  64-  John  Cliapman,  her  husband,  born  in  Salem,  died  at 
sea.     A  sea  captain.     Residence  :  Salem. 

Captain  Chapman  was  a  son  of  Benjamin  and  Sarah  (Buffington) 
Chapman.  George  Chapinan  [29-34.  VI.  JC]  was  his  uncle ;  Urau/a 
Knapi)  Chapman  [13.  VIII.  159']  was  his  niece,  and  Isaac  Needham  Chapmayi 
[24.  VIII.  ^^S]  was  his  nephew.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  fami- 
lies: Chapman,  Cook,  Birdsall,  Buxton,  Dean,  Daniell,  Prince,  Ruck, 
Spooner,  Buft'um,  Pope,  Buffington.     See  Ancestey  Tables  ^^. 

41-42.  VI.  65.  Benjamin  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  16],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  baptized  there  July  13,  1747.     A  cooper.     Residence:  Salem.^ 

Mr.  Ropes's  house  was  situated  on  the  corner  of  North  Street  and  a  street 
leading  from  North  Street  to  the  laboratory  in  North  Salem.  He  served 
in  the  Revolutionary  War.  In  his  commission  as  second  lieutenant  of 
a  company  of  ]\Iatrosses,  stationed  at  Salem,  of  which  John  Symonds 
was  captain,  he   is  spoken  of  as  Benjamin  Ropes,  Jr.,  gentleman.     The 

'  The  date  of  his  marriria:e  is  given  as  Feb.  6,  1772,  in  Essex  Institute  Historical  Col- 
lections, Vol.  VII.  p.  1C4,  and  by  the  Nichols  Family  Records  as  Dec.  31,  1771. 

From  an  EMr.RoiDERV,  -wRiirour  by  Sarah  Nichols  in  179 



coiiiniission  which  is  dated  at  Boston,  June  21,  1777,  is  still  in  possession 
of  his  descendants.  He  appears  to  have  seen  some  service  in  Rhode 
Island,  in  1778.  This  we  learn  from  a  letter  from  his  parents,  dated  Aug-. 
17,  1778,  and  addressed  to  •' ilr.  Benja.  Ropes  &  Brethren  at  Rhode  Island 
in  tlie  Salem  Company,  commanded  by  Capt.  Sam'll  Flagg." ' 

41-42.  VI.  Go.  Marfjaret  Si/tnonds,  his  wife,  probably  bom  and 
died  in  Salem. 

^Irs.  Ropes  was  a  daughter  of  Benjamin  and  Margaret  (Skerry)  Symonds, 
of  North  Salem.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Symonds, 
Browning,  Stone,  Skerry.  Lunt,  Silsbee,  Tompkins.    See  Axcestry  Tables  ^1^-. 

43.  VI.  66.  Joseph  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  16],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Oct.  20,  1749,  probably  died  in  Salem.  A  mariner. 
Residence :   Salem. 

A  brief  family  record  calls  Joseph  Ropes  a  mariner  and  a  fine  young 

43.  VI.  68.  Sarali  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  16],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Oct.  22,  1752,  probably  died  in  Salem.^ 

From  an  obituary  of  Mrs.  Peirce  which  appeared  in  the  Salem  Gazette, 
of  Tuesday,  Aug.  23,  1796,  we  learn  that  for  several  years  before  her 
death  she  suffered  from  bodily  infirmity,  which  she  bore  witli  patience  ;  that 
she  was  amiable  in  ilisposition,  of  agreeable  manners,  and  charitable  to  the 
poor,  and  that  in  early  life  she  publicly  professed  religion. 

43.  VI.  6'<S.  JeratJnneel  Pcirrr,  her  husband,  born  in  Charlestown, 
-Mass.,  baptized  there  Feb.  1,  1746-7,  died  in  Salem.  A  merchant.  Resi- 
dence :  Salem.^ 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VII.  pp.  1(54,  165. 

'  Several  authorities  give  the  date  of  her  death  as  Au^r.  17,  17'J6.  It  is  given  as  Aug. 
•■'■  1796,  in  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XVIII.  p.  172.  The  same  work, 
Vol.  VII.  p.  165,  gives  the  date  of  her  marriage  Feb.  9.  1772;  while  the  Peirce  Genealogy, 
l"'ing  the  Eecord  of  the  Posterity  of  John  Pers  of  "Watertown,  by  Frederick  C.  Peirce, 
I'.  52,  gives  it  as  Feb.  6,  1772. 

'  The  date  of  his  death  is  given  as  Aug.  19,  1827.  in  Essex  Institute  Historical  Col- 
lections, Vol.  VII.  p.  1G5;  while  two  Salem  papers  give  it  as  Aug.  20,  1827. 



Mr.  Peirce  was  apprenticed  to  the  trade  of  a  leather  dres-ser  hi  Churl,  .,^ 
town.  After  serving  his  apprenticeship,  he  worked  at  his  trade  for  sevi  i;-.] 
years  in  that  town,  his  chief  employment  being-  the  manufactiu-e  of  diL-r- 
skin  breeches.  His  showy  sign,  which  represented  a  stag  running  bL-twc,  n 
the  distended  legs  of  a  pair  of  small  clothes,  and  wliich  bore  the  inscripii,.), 
in  gilt  letters :  "  Leather  Breeches  made  in  the  neatest  manner  and  sokl  hy 
J.  P.,"  was  in  existence  as  late  as  1830.  lie  moved  to  Salem,  and  there  en- 
gaged in  foreign  commerce  in  company  with  Aaron  Wait  under  the  st}!.- 
of  Peirce  &  Wait.  Their  warehouse  and  counting-room  were  situated  in  i he- 
rear  of  Mr.  Peirce's  house.  They  met  with  success  in  their  business,  and 
the  partnership  continued  until  about  1820,  when  the  senior  member  formed 
a  new  partnership  with  his  sons  Benjamin  and  Henry  Peirce,  and  his  son- 
in-law  George  Nichols.  The  new  firm  however  met  with  reverses,  and 
failed  in  1826.  The  firm  of  Peirce  &  Wait  subscribed  two  thousand  dollars 
towards  building  the  frigate  Essex  for  the  pm-pose  of  protecting  American 

In  1782,  Mr.  Peirce  built  the  mansion  house  on  Federal  Street, 
Salem,  which  is  now  occupied  by  his  granddaughters,  tlie  daughters 
of  George  Nichols.  It  is  still  one  of  the  most  beautiful  and  spa- 
cious old  mansions  in  New  England,  and  shows  no  signs  of  its  age. 
A  heliotype  of  it  is  here  given.  Mr.  Peirce  gave  up  this  house  to  liis 
creditors  and  removed  to  a  hoitse  in  Warren  Street,  which  was  then 
occupied  by  his  son.  Here  he  died  within  sixty  days  after  leaving  his 
old  home. 

Mr.  Peirce  was  somewhat  above  the  medium  height,  well  proportioned, 
erect,  of  dignified  and  courteous  manners,  —  a  perfect  gentleman  of  the  old 
school.  In  tlie  prime  of  life  he  was  considered  one  of  tlie  wealthiest  and 
most  successful  of  tlie  merchant  princes  of  Salem. 

His  obituary  notice,  which  appeared  in  the  Salem  Register  of  August 
23,  1827,  gives  him  a  high  character  and  speaks  of  him  as  one  of  the  most 
enterprising  and  successful  merchants  of  Salem.  A  very  handsome  white 
marble  altar  tomb,  inscribed  with  his  name  and  the  date  1800,  is  in  the 
Broad  Street  Burying  Ground.  A  heliotype  is  here  given  of  an  embroidery 
of  a  Peirce  coat  of  arms,  which  was  worked  by  his  daughter,  Sarah  (Peirce) 


MASS.,  Run:r  ix  17S2. 

[43.     VI.    68.\ 





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Niclio's,  III  1796.     It  ii  now  in  poisession  of  liLs  granddiiuyhtL'rs,  the  ^Misses 
Xichols,  of  Salem.^ 

Jerathmeel  Peirce  was  a  son  of  Jerathmeel  and  Rebecca  (Hurd)  Peirce, 
of  C'liailestown.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  fanailies :  Peirce, 
Knirrlit,  Bowers,  "Worthlnyton,  llurd,  Wilson,  Tufts,  Peirce,  Lynde.  See 
ANtEsTiiv  Tables  ^^. 

44.  VI.  G9.  Lydia  Ropes  [Ptuth  41-47.  V.  16],  probably  born  in 
.Saleai,  baptized  there  Dec.  8,  1754,  probably  died  in  Salem. - 

In  personal  appearance  ]\[rs.  Nichols  was  somewhat  above  the  average 
height,  well  proportioned,  rather  stout,  though  by  no  means  corpulent, 
very  erect,  and  exceedingly  dignified.  Her  remarkable  executive  ability 
was  particularly  manifested  while  living  in  Portsmouth,  N.  H.  When 
her  husband  was  absent  at  sea,  she  received  from  him  consignments  of 
merchandise,  and  attended  in  person  to  the  weighing,  selling,  and  deliv- 
ering of  the  goods,  although  at  the  time  she  had  a  large  family  of  young 

After  her  return  to  Salem,  she  was  a  prominent  member  of  the  North 
Church  while  Dr.  Barnard,  John  Emery  Abbot,  and  Dr.  Brazer  were  pas- 
tors. At  the  time  when  the  "  Seaman's  Orphan  and  Children's  Friend 
Society  "  was  organized,  she  was  made  one  of  the  managers,  and  she  filled 
this  position  for  many  years.  Three  of  the  Society  children,  Lydia  Eng- 
lish, Hannah  Francis,  and  Lydia  Ann  Petty,  were  bound  to  her  until  they 
were  eighteen  years  of  age,  according  to  the  custom  of  the  time.  Hannah 
Francis  and  Lydia  Petty  were,  in  1892,  inmates  of  the  Old  Ladies'  Home 
in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Nichols  was  very  much  beloved  and  res})ected  by  everyone,  especi- 
ally by  her  grandchildren.^ 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  C'">llections,  Vol.  VII.  p.  1G5;  the  Peirce  Genealogy  being 
the  Record  of  the  Posterity  of  John  Pers  an  early  Inhabitant  of  Watertown,  by  Frederick 
C.  Peirce,  pp.  52-53  ;  also  a  letter  of  his  grandson,  John  H.  Xichols,  dated  Jan.  17,  1SS8. 

'  Several  authorities  give  the  date  of  lier  death  as  Feb.  2."),  183.j.  Tlie  Eopes  Bible 
ijives  it  as  ^^lareh  2o,  183.5,  and  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XVIII.  p.  172, 
as  Feb.  15,  1S35. 

'  Letter  of  her  grand-sou,  John  II.  Nichols,  dated  Salem,  Oct.  3,  1892. 


44.  VI.  {;£?.  Ichabod  JVichoIs,  the  husbaiul  of  Lydia  Ropes,  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence ;  Salem. 

Ichabod  Nichols's  father  died  while  he  was  young-,  and  his  mother,  a 
woman  of  great  energy,  apprenticed  him  to  a  blacksmith's  trade;  but,  to 
his  regret  in  after  life,  lie  did  not  serve  the  whole  term  of  his  minority.  He 
was  a  })erson  of  great  energy,  and  wlien  his  master  was  pressed  with  orders, 
it  was  not  uncommon  for  him  to  finisli  liis  day's  work  before  breakfast. 
When  he  was  eighteen  years  old,  he  walked  from  Salem  to  Kittery,  Me., 
a  distance  of  sixty-two  miles  in  about  fifteen  hours. 

At  the  age  of  twenty,  he  gave  up  working  at  his  trade  and  went  to  sea. 
He  was  soon  put  in  command  of  one  of  ^Ir.  Derby's  vessels,  and  made  sev- 
eral successful  voyages  to  China.  During  the  Revolutionary  War  he  was 
engaged  in  privateering,  and  on  that  account  he  was  read  out  of  the  Society 
of  Quakers  with  which  the  entire  Nichols  family  had  been  long  identified, 
and  of  which  some  of  their  descendants  are  still  members. 

At  a  critical  period  of  the  Revolutionary  War,  he  joined  a  company  of 
Salem  merchants  who  offered  their  services  to  General  Washington  for  a 
special  object,  and  went  to  the  Jerseys,  but  did  not  have  an  opportunity  to 
engage  in  any  fighting.  On  account  of  his  services  in  the  war,  he  was 
introduced  to  Lafayette  at  the  dinner  given  him  in  Hamilton  Hall,  Salem, 
in  1824,  at  which  time  he  was  embraced  by  the  marquis.  After  the  war, 
he  moved  to  Portsmouth,  N.  H.,  where  he  occupied  the  house  which  Gov- 
ernor Wentworth  built  for  his  son.  This  house  is  still  standing  on  the 
southeast  corner  of  Gardner  Street.  Before  1800  he  returned  to  Salem  and 
engaged  in  commerce  with  Benjamin  Hodges  under  the  firm  name  of 
Nichols  &  Hodges.  Their  store  was  on  Union  AYharf,  at  that  time  the 
principal  wharf  in  Salem,  since  the  Derby  and  Crowninshield  ^\Tiarves  had 
not  been  built.  Mr.  Nichols,  when  he  died,  occupied  the  house  which 
adjoined  the  post-office  on  the  south,  on  Washington  Street. 

On  April  27,  1798,  Congress  passed  an  act  for  the  protection  of  com- 
merce, providing  for  the  acceptance  of  twelve  vessels  of  war  to  be  built  on 
the  credit  of  the  United  States.  Subscriptions  were  raised  for  this  purpose 
in  the  principal  cities,  and  among  others  in  Salem,  where  it  was  voted  to 
build  a  frigate  of  thirty-two  guns.     Captain  Ichabod  Nichols,  who  had  sub- 


[44.    VI.    6:>] 

From  the  Portr.\it  .now  in  the  possession  of  John  White  Tre.\d-\vei.l 
Nichols,  Esq.,  of  New  York  City. 


scribed  one  tliousand  dollars  for  the  purpose,  was  a  member  of  the  com- 
mittee chosen  to  carry  the  vote  into  effect.  A  vessel  was  built  and 
naiuod  the  Essex.^ 

When  he  was  about  sixty  years  old,  he  bought  large  tracts  of  pasture 
land  situated  on  both  sides  of  the  Salem  and  Boston  turnpike.  The  land 
was  so  rocky  and  sterile  that  some  one  called  it  ''the  abomination  of  deso- 
lation," and  yet,  in  the  course  of  the  twenty  years  or  more  that  Mr.  Nichols 
owned  it,  he  succeeded  in  making  it  a  highly  productive  farm,  yielding,  as 
he  told  a  friend,  "  six  per  cent  on  the  iuvestment  —  three  per  cent  in  money 
and  three  per  cent  in  health."  This  was  probably  true,  for,  although  not  a 
robust  man,  he  lived  to  be  ninety  years  old.  Mr.  Nichols  was  below  the 
medium  height,  and  was  so  active  that  he  bent  forward  in  order  to  make  as 
rapid  and  long  strides  as  possible,  using  for  that  purpose  a  cane  longer  than 
would  have  otherwise  been  needed.^  An  obituary  in  the  Salem  Gazette 
of  Friday,  July  5,  1839,  speaks  of  him  as  "  for  many  years  a  distin- 
guished shipmaster  and  merchant." 

There  is  now  in  the  possession  of  his  great-grandson,  John  W.  T.  Nich- 
ols, of  New  York,  a  portrait  of  him,  which  is  said  to  have  been  painted  in 
Russia.     A  heliotype  of  it  is  given. 

Ichabod  Nichols  was  a  son  of  David  and  Hannah  (Gaskill)  Nichols,  of 
Salem,  both  of  whom  were  Friends  in  faith  as  were  their  ancestors. 
David  Nichols  [17.  VIII.  182~\  was  his  grandnephew.  His  ancestry  in- 
cludes the  following  families :  Nichols,  ^loulton,  Gaskill,  Southwick,  Gard- 
ner, Frier.      See  A^-CESTKT  Tables   ^\. 

45.  VI.  70.  Samiiel  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  IG],  probably  bom  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  March  13,  1757,  died  in  Salem.  A  ship-chandler. 
Residence :  Salem. 

In  early  life  ^Ir.  Ropes  was  a  cooper,  but  he  afterwards  engaged  in  the 
ship-chandlery  business  with  Colonel  John  Page  [3.  VII.  i5],  under  the  firm- 
name  of  Page  &.  Ropes.     The  store  of  this  well-known  firm  was  in  a  two- 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  X.  part  III.  pp.  1-108. 
^  Letter  of  his  grandson,  John  H.  Xichols,  dated  Salem,  Jan.  17,  1888,  and  Essex 
Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IV.  p.  133 ;  Vol.  XVIII.  p.  172. 


story  building  on  the  corner  of  Derby  and  Union  Streets,  Salem.' 
They  subscribed  one  hundred  dollars  toward  building  the  frigate  Essex. 

His  grand>on,  Joseph  S.  Ropes,  says  that  Samuel  Ropes  lived  in 
Charlestown,  Mass.,  at  the  time  of  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill.  He  also  says 
that  he  was  a  religious  man  and  regularly  conducted  family  prayers,  always 
using  the  same  words.  Samuel  Ropes  occupied,  during  the  latter  part  of 
his  life,  the  house  on  the  corner  of  Bridge  and  Northey  streets. 

45.  VI.  70.  Sarah  Clieevet-,  the  wife  of  Samuel  Ropes,  probably  born 
in  Salem,  died  in  Cambridge,  Mass." 

For  some  time  Mrs.  Ropes  was  a  member  of  the  East  Church,  Salem ; 
but  in  1823  she  joined  the  Tabernacle  Church. 

She  was  a  daughter  of  Ezekiel  Cheever.     Ancestry  Tables  ^. 

45.  VI.  72.  Rutll  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  16],  born  in  Salem,  baptized 
there  Feb.  15,  1761,  died  in  Salem.^ 

The  gravestone  of  Mrs.  Leach  is  still  standing  in  the  Broad  Street 
Burying   Ground,  Salem. 

45.  VI.  72.  John  Leach,  her  husband,  born  in  Salem,  died  at  sea.  A 
shipmaster  and  merchant.     Residence  :   Salem.* 

During  the  Revolutionary  War,  Captain  Leach  was  very  active,  and 
commanded  the  following  armed  vessels :  the  ship  Brutus  of  twenty  guns 
and  one  hundred  and  ten  men ;  the  brig  Franklin  of  eighteen  guns  and 

>  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VIT.  p.  198. 

*  The  date  of  her  death  is  given  on  the  State  Eecord  as  Oct.  12,  1842.  Essex  Insti- 
tute Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VII.  p.  19S,  and  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Oct.  17,  1S42,  give 
it  as  Oct.  11,  1842;  while  the  Xichols  Famil}'  Kecords  give  it  as  Oct.  9,  1S42.  The  date 
of  her  birth  is  given  as  March  17,  1758,  in  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  Yll. 
p.  198 ;  while  the  same  work,  Vol.  IV.  p.  140,  gives  it  as  March  7,  1758. 

'  The  date  of  her  death  is  given  as  ]May  3,  1850,  in  the  Eopes  Bible  and  in  the  Salem 
Gazette  of  May  4,  1850 ;  while  the  State  Eecord,  Vol.  48,  p.  142,  gives  it  as  :May  7,  her 
gravestone  as  May  10,  and  Esses  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VII.  p.  198,  as 
May  18,  1850. 

*  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VII.  p.  198,  gives  the  date  of  his  birth 
as  Nov.  5,  1741,  while  the  same  work,  Vol.  III.  p.  91,  gives  it  as  1747. 


ninety  men  ;  the  brig-  Ea^^le  of  fourteen  guns  and  seventy  men  ;  the  .sclioon.r 
Dolphin  of  six  guns  and  twenty-five  men,  and  the  schooner  Greyhound  of 
eight  guns  and  thirtv-five  men. 

Captain  Leach's  first  wife  was  Sarah  Hooper.  He  was  a  son  of  Robt  rt 
and  3Iary  [Trask]  Leach.'     See  Ancestry  Tablks  ^^. 

46-47.  VL  73.  Hardy  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  16],  probably  bom  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Jan.  23,  1763,  died  in  Woodstock,  N.  H.  A  sliip- 
master.     Residence  :  Orford,  X.  H. 

Mr.  Ropes  was  a  sliipowner  of  Salem,  and  suffered  losses  throuj.rh  the 
spoliations  of  the  Fr(.'iu'h  Government.  These  losses  were  paid  to  liis 
descendants  under  the  Frencli  Spoliation  Claim  Act.  He  subscribeil  two 
hundred  dollars  toward  building  the  fiigate  Essex  for  the  protection  of 
American  commerce  from  the   French  in   1708. 

About  the  year  ISOO,  his  health  having  failed,  he  purchased  a  farm  in 
Orford,  N.  H.,  to  whicli  he  removed,  and  where  he  lived  during  tlie 
remainder  of  a  long  life. 

46-47.  VI.  73.  ITawifih  JElson,  the  wife  of  Hardy  Ropes,  probably 
born  in  Salem,  baptized  there  May  26,  1765,  died  at  Lyme,  N.  II.- 

Mrs.  Ropes  was  a  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Hepsibah  (Rea)  Elson. 
Ancestry  Tables  ^'i-. 

47.  VI.  74.  George  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  16],  probably  bom  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Sept.  1,  1765,  died  at  sea.  A  shipmaster.  Residence : 

About  the  year  1800,  George  Ropes  removed  with  his  brother  Hardy  to 
Orford,  N.  H.,  but  becoming  weary  of  a  farmer's  life,  he  returned  to  Salem, 
and  resumed  a  seafaring  life.  For  a  time  he  lived  in  the  old  Crowninshield 
house  on  Brown  Street,  Salem.  He  was  lost  at  sea,  off"  the  Rock  of  Gib- 
raltar, on  the  fourth  of  April,  1807,  while  he  was  master  of  the  ship  \'enus, 

*  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  III.  p.  91. 

^  The  date  of  lier  death  is  given  as  February,  1823,  in  Esses  Institute  Col- 
lections, Vol.  Vir.  p.  lOS.  The  Salem  Gazette  of  Feb.  7,  1823,  announces  her  death.  The 
late  Dr.  Henry  '^Tieatland  gave  it  as  January,  1823. 


having'  Leen  washed  ovorbocird  in  a  gale  of  wind.  In  the  notice  of  his 
deatli,  he  is  spoken  of  as  "  a  very  worthy  man."  ^  There  is  a  photograph 
of  a  portrait  of  Captain  Kopes  in  possession  of  the  Salem  Marine  Society. 

47.  VI.  74-  Seeth  Millet,  George  Ropes's  wife,  probably  born  and  died 
in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Ropes  was  a  member  of  The  East  Church,  Salem. 

The  following  notice  of  her  death  is  taken  from  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
Aug.  1,  1823:  — 

"  In  this  town,  on  Wednesday,  after  a  lingering  illness,  which  she  sustained  with 
Christian  fortitude,  Mrs.  Seeth  Ropes,  widow  of  tiie  late  Capt.  George  Ropes,  aged 
64  years." 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Ropes  were  first  cousins,  once  removed.  Her  number  in 
direct  descent  is  [14.  VII.  97]. 

47.  VI.  75.  Joseph  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  16],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Feb.  11,  1770,  died  at  sea  in  the  schooner  Active. 
Residence :  Salem. 

47.  W.  76.  Timothy  Ropes  [Ruth  41-47.  V.  16],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem.     A  cooper  and  shipmaster.     Residence  :  Salem.^ 

Timothy  Ropes  learned  the  cooper's  trade,  but  abandoned  it  for  a  sea- 
faring life,  and  rose  to  the  command  of  a  vessel,  making  voyages  to 
European  ports.  He  seems  to  have  been  successful,  until  the  embargo 
and  the  war  of  1812  checked  his  prosperity.  Between  the  years  1815  and 
1825,  or  thereabouts,  he  made  frequent  voyages  to  the  West  Indies,  bring- 
ing cargoes  of  molasses  to  Salem  ;  but  subsequently  business  fell  off,  and 
he  resorted  to  his  trade  as  an  occupation.  His  declining  years  were  spent 
happily  and  in  comfort  in  the  midst  of  a  loving  family. 

In  1796  and  1799,  he  bought  his  father's  house  of  the  other  heirs.    It  was 

>  The  Salem  Gazette  of  June  5,  ISO",  and  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections, 
Vol.  VII.  p.  19S. 

"  The  date  of  his  death  is  given  in  the  Salem  Register  of  Feb.  21, 1848,  as  Feb.  17, 
1848,  and  also  in  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VII.  p.  199,  while  the  Nichols 
Family  Records  give  it  as  Feb.  18,  1848. 


situated  on  the  corner  of  Essex  and  Monroe  streets.  In  it  all  his  children 
were  born.  The  house,  in  a  reconstructed  form,  is  now  owned  by  his 
daughter,  Mrs.  John  Bertram.  Jan.  C,  IS  13,  the  house  pas.sed  into  tlie 
hands  of  Icliabod  Nichols  [44.  \l.  GO].  Mr.  Ropes  moved  uito  a  house 
nearly  opposite  to   it,  in  Essex  Street,  wliere   he  died.^ 

47.  VI.  76.  Sarah  Holmes,  the  wife  of  Timothy  Ropes,  probably 
born  in  Salem,  died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Ropes  was  a  dauijhter  of  Thomas  and  Sarah  (Delhonde)  Holmes. 
Tier  ancestry  includes  the  foUowinjj;  families :  Holmes,  Delhonde,  Stednian, 
Remington,  Gibson,  Pemberton,  Pike,  Ormes.     See  ANCESTKi-  Tables  ^'^. 

48.  VI.  77.    John  Clarke  [Sarah  48.  V.  17]. 
For  an  account  of  ^Ir.  Clarke,  see  page  192-194. 

48.  VI.  77.     Esther  Orne,  his  wife. 

Her  number  in  direct  descent  is  [7.  VI.  IG.]  For  an  account  of  Mrs. 
Clarke,  see  pages  191-192. 

48.  VI.  80.  Ann  Clarke  [Sarah  48.  V.  17],  probably  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem, 

Mrs.  Cabot  was  sometimes  called  Nancy.  She  was  the  twin-sister  of 
Mary  Clarke,  who  died  young.  She  was  admitted  to  the  First  Chm-ch 
Nov.  5,  1780. 

The  following  obituary  of  ]Mrs.  Cabot  is  taken  from  the  Salem  Mercuiy 
of  Tuesday,  Sept.  19,  1788:  — 

"  On  Tuesday  evening  last,  was  suddenly  summoned  by  death  from  this  frail 
existence,  beloved  and  lamented  by  a  numerous  acquaintance,  Mrs.  Ann  Cabot  in  the 
28th  year  of  her  age,  consort  of  Mr.  Fkaxcis  Cabot,  merchant,  and  eldest  daugliter  of 
Capt.  John  Clarke,  of  this  town.  In  the  meridian  of  usefulness  and  happiness,  her 
relatives  and  friends  had  indulged  the  hope  of  enjoying  her  long ;  Heaven  has  seen 
fit  to  cut  short  that  hope,  and  claim  her,  we  trust,  a  fit  ornament  for  purer  regions." 

There  is  a  very  small  and  unsatisfactory  miniature  of  ]\Ir3.  Cabot  in  the 
possession  of  her  grandson,  John  II.  Cabot,  of  Brookline. 

'  Letter  of  his  son  Joseph  Ropes,  dated  Salem,  Dec.  21,  1891 ;  also  Esses  Institute 
Historical  Collections,  Vol.  VII.  p.  199. 


48.  VI.  SO.  Fi-ancis  Cabot,  her  husband,  probably  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  June  19,  1757,  died  in  Natchez,  Miss.  A  merchant. 
Residence  :    Salem.^ 

Mr.  Cabot  was  for  a  time  engaged  in  business  in  Salem,  but  he  after- 
wards went  to  Natchez,  ^liss.,  his  family,  however,  remaining  in  Salem. 
An  obituary  notice  printed  in  the  Salem  Register  of  Aug.  9,  1832,  says  of  him 
that  "  lie  was  aid  to  Gen.  Lincoln  in  the  days  of  Shay's  conspiracy,  marched 
as  a  volunteer  private  against  the  insurgents  at  the  time  of  the  whiskey 
insurrection,  then  about  45  years  of  age,  and  did  duty  as  a  private  at  New 
Orleans  during  the  invasion  of  that  city  by  the  British  in  the  last  war." 

Mr.  Cabot  is  said  to  have  been  a  very  agreeable  man,  and  to  have  made 
many  friends.  The  heliotype  of  him  here  given  is  taken  from  a  small 
miniature  belonging  to  his  grandson,  John  H.  Cabot,  of  Brookline. 

Francis  Cabot  was  son  of  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  (Higginson)  Cabot,  of 
Salem.  EUzaheth  Cabot  [1-2.  VI.  5^]  was  his  sister;  Joseph  Cabot  [6.  VI. 
1T\  was  his  brother  ;  Francis  Higginson  [3.  VI.  4^']  was  his  uncle ;  3Iarianne 
Cabot  [48.  VII.  264'\,  vvho  became  his  daughter-in-law,  was  his  niece  ;  Eliza- 
beth PerJdns  Cabot  [2.  VIII.  lol  is  his  grandniece;  Eichanl  Clarke  Cabot 
[51.  IX.  10S2'\  is  his  great-grandnephew,  and  Deborah  Cabot  [2.  VI.  5^]  was 
his  firrst  cousin.  His  ancestiy  includes  the  following  families  :  Cabot,  Orne, 
Thompson,  Higginson,  Whitfield,  Sheafe,  Savage,  Symmes,  Gardner,  Frier, 
Orne,  Brown,  Boardman,  Bull,  Truesdale,  Halton.     See  Ancestry  Tables  ^\. 

48.  \l.  81.  Elizabeth  Clarke  [Sarah  48.  V.  17],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem.^ 

She  was  called  Betsey.  Her  gravestone  is  still  standing  in  the  Broad 
Street  Burying  Ground. 

49.  VI.  S3.  Mary  Leavitt  [Mary  49-50.  V.  18].  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Feb.  9,  1755,  probably  died  in  Salem. 

She  was  called  Polly.  There  is,  at  the  Pickering  house  in  Salem,  a  full- 
length  picture  of  her  painted  by  Joseph  Badger,  when  she  was  about  ten 

1  Francis  H.  Lee  gives  the  date  of  his  birth  as  June  19,  1757,  which  is  the  date  of  his 
baptism.     The  Salem  Records  give  it  as  June  14,  1757. 

-  The  date  of  her  death  is  given  as  Oct.  4,  1810,  by  several  authorities.  It  is  given  as 
September,  1S19,  by  Francis  Cabot. 


[4.S.    VI.    SO] 

From  the  Miniature  now  in  the  fiis^kssion  of  John  Higginson  Cabot, 
Esq.  of  Bkodkline,  >f\ss. 


[49.     VI.     83.] 

From  the  Portra'it  by  Jo5ei'H  Badgkr,  painted  at  ARoax  the  age  of 

TEN    YEARS,    MjW    IN    THE    POSSESSrON    OF    JoHN    Pic.KlRING,    EsQ..    OF 

Salem,  Mass. 




years  old.     A  lieliotype  of  it  is  here  giveu.     Her  gravestone  is  still  standing 
in  the  Broad  Street  Burying  Ground,  Salem. 

49.  VI.  83.  Joseph  Orne,  her  husband,  born  in  Salem,  baptized  there 
June  18,  1749,  died  in  Salem,  of  consumption.  A  physician.  Residence: 

Dr.  Orne,  H.  C  1765,  as  a  child  was  very  precocious,  and  entered 
Harvai-d  College  when  he  was  only  twelve  years  old.  Immediately  after 
graduation  he  began  the  study  of  medicine  nnder  Dr.  Edward  A.  Holyoke. 
In  1770,  he  removed  to  Beverly  and  there  practised  his  profession.  In  1777, 
he  returned  to  Salem,  where  he  followed  his  profession  until  his  death. 

He  was  a  man  of  genius,  wit,  and  learning.  His  ardor  for  the  advance- 
ment of  his  favoi-ite  study  is  shown  by  his  importing  from  P^urope  the  most 
recent  valuable  publications,  and  by  his  dedicating  all  his  leisure  time  to 
the  investigation  of  new  subjects.  He  had  a  decided  taste  for  poetry  and 
also  for  painting  and  belles  lettres.  He  was  considered  an  excellent  poet, 
although  it  is  thought  that  none  of  his  poems  were  ever  printed.  He  was 
one  of  the  original  members  of  the  American  Academy  of  Arts  and  Sciences.^ 

His  second  wife,  whom  he  married  in  October,  1781,  was  Theresa 
Emery,  a  daughter  of  Noah  and  Joanna  (PeiTyman)  Emery  of  Exeter, 
N.  H.  She  was  born  Apiil  4,  1761,  and  died  at  Exeter,  N.  H.,  Nov.  14, 
1843,  aged  82  years.     By  her  he  had  the  following  child  :  — 

Theresa  Orne,  born  in  1782 ;  married  Charles  Norris,  and  died  in  1870. 

Robert  Emery  [5.  VII.  2o],  who  was  her  nephew,  man-ied  for  his  first 
wife  Dr.  Ome's  half-sister,  Eunice  Orne. 

Dr.  Orne  was  a  son  of  Jonathan  and  Elizabeth  (Putnam)  Orne  of  Salem. 
Timothj  Orne  [1-11.  IV.  I]  was  his  granduncle,  and  Charles  Henry  Orne 
[53.  VII.  oOO]  was  his  nephew.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  fami- 
lies :  Orne,  Thompson,  Ingersoll,  Felton,  Putnam,  Porter,  Hathorne, 
Putnam,    Prince.      See  Ancestry  Tables   ^'^. 

*  An  obituary  notice  of  him  in  the  Massachusetts  Gazette  of  IMouday,  Feb.  6,  1786 ; 
American  .Medical  Biography,  by  James  Thacher,  Vol.  I.  pp.  411-413,  and  Essex  Insti- 
tute Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IV.  p.  276. 



49.  VI.  84.     Sarali  Leavitt  [Mary  49-50.  V.  IS],  born  in  Salem,  bap-  ? 

tized  there  Oct.  9,  17.57,  died  in  Portsmouth,  N.  H.  | 

Mrs.  White  lived  in  Salem  and  Haverhill,  ^lass.,  Plaistow,  N.  H,,  North-  | 

wood,  N.  H.,  and  she  finally  removed  to  Portsmonth,  X.  II.'  I 

Her  portniit,  taken  as  a  small  child  standing  by  the  side  of  her  mother,  | 

is  now  in  the  Pickering  house  in  Salem.     A  heliotype  of  this  painting  is  ! 

given  focing  page  112.  | 

49.  VI.  S.^'.     Isaac  White,  her  first  husband,  probably  born  in  Charles-  | 

town,  Mass.,  where  he  was  baptized,  Dec.  30,  1753;  died  at  sea  about  the  \ 

year  1780.     A  merchant.     Residence:  Salem.  | 

The  following  account  of  him  is  taken  from  the  Life  of  John  Pickering,  { 

by  his  daughter,  Mary  Orne  Pickering.^  | 

"  Isaac  White  was  in  active  mercantile  business  in  Salem  during  his  married  life,  . 

and  in  the  spring  or  summer  of  the  year  1780,  embarked  for  Amsterdam,  Holland,  to  | 
purchase  goods,  leaving  his  wife  and  two  daughters  at  home,  the  eldest  of  them 
between  three  and  four  years  old,  the  other  two  years  younger.     The  vessel  in  which 
he  was  returning  from  Holland  was  lost  at  sea." 

Isaac  Wliite  was  a  son  of  John  and  Mary  (Henley)  White,  of  Charles-  I 

town,   Mass.     Jichecca  White   [58.  V.  241   '^^^  ^^^^  cousin.      His  ancestry  l 

includes   the   following   families :    White,  Bowles,    Heath,    Green,    Jones,  * 

Greenwood,  Allen,  Henley.     See  Axcestkt  Tables  {l^.  I 

49.  VI.  S4'-     Jonathan  Pauaon,  the  second  husband  of  Sarah  Leavitt,  f 

born  in  Boston,  died  in  Portsmouth,  N.  H.     An  upholsterer.     Residence :  ^ 

Portsmouth.  I 

Mr.  Payson's  advertisement  as  an  upholsterer  appears  in  the   Salem  ; 

Gazette   of   the    year   1773.      He  moved  from  Salem  to   Haverhill,   and  i 

engaged  in  business.     The  following  is  taken  from  a  letter  dated  at  Haver-  ! 

hill,  ]\[ay  10,  1785,  written  by  Nathaniel  Peaslee  and  Mary  Sargeant,  and  \ 

addressed  to  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering :  —  I 

"...  Your  coz,  Sally  White,  is  safely  married  to  Mr.  Payson,  and  I  hope  happily  ; 

too.     He  and  llr.  Johnston  are  in  trade  here,  and  in  partnership.     Their  business  is  ^ 

llanuscript  Pedigree  made  by  Judge  Charles  W.  Goddard.  '  Page  214. 


vcrv  lar;,'c  for  tliis  place,  and  tlioy  support  a  very  good  character ;  and  I  hope  they 
will  make  their  business  turn  to  guud  account.  I  suppose  you  might  know  them  both 
wlien  they  lived  iu  Salem,  aliout  ten  years  ago.''  ^ 

The  following  account  is  taken  from  a  manuscript  Pay.son  Genealogy, 
wliich  states  that  Jonathan  Pickering  married  a  Miss  Pickering.  This  of 
course  is  a  mistake. 

"Jonathan  Payson  in  early  life  removed  with  his  father  to  Boston  from  Rowley, 
and  went  into  business.  After  lus  fatlier's  death  he  removed  to  Haverhill,  where  he 
met  with  hea-sy  losses,  and  later  went  to  Portsmouth,  N.  H.  Here  he  opened  a  hotel 
at  the  Xorthcnd  so  called  (now  Market  St.),  near  the  corner  of  Hanover  St.  He  was 
appointed  postmaster  of  Portsmouth,  which  he  held  till  his  death  iu  1826." 

Mr.  Payson  was  a  son  of  Jonathan  Payson.  Perhaps  his  father  was  the 
Jonathan  Payson  who  was  married  in  Boston,  Dec.  27,  1743,  to  Anne 
Griffiths,  by  the  Rev.  Timothy  Cutler,  D.D.  His  ancestry  includes  the 
following  families:  Payson,  Eliot,  Phillips,  Sargent,  Appleton,  Everard. 
See  A^-CESTRY  Tables  ^>. 

50.  VI.  85.  Elizabeth  Leavitt  [:\rary  49-50.  V.  18],  probably  born 
in  Salem,  baptized  there  Sept.  16,  1759,  died  in  Salem." 

Mrs.  Pickman  was  called  Betsey.  Her  stepfather.  Judge  Sargeant,  in 
writing  to  his  brother-in-law.  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering,  Sept.  29,  1783, 
about  the  health  of  Mrs.  Sargeant,  says :  — 

"  She  feels  trouble  for  a  long  time,  but  this  last  [the  death  of  her  daughter,  J[rs. 
Pickman]  was  peculiarly  distressing.  She  certainly  lost  one  of  the  most  amiable 
children  I  ever  knew.  I  loved  her  as  one  of  my  own  children,  and  feel  her  loss  as 
severely.     It  gives  me  a  melancholy  pleasure  to  speak,  to  think,  to  write  of  her."  ^ 

Colonel  Pickering  writes  to  his  sister,  Mrs.  Sargeant,  Feli.  9,  17^3:  "I 
should  have  mourned  sincerely  the  loss  of  a  niece  so  amiable  as  Betsey." 

1  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  II.  p.  170. 

-  Francis  II.  Lee  gives  the  date  of  her  birth  as  Sept.  lO.  1750,  while  the  Nichols 
Family  Records  give  it  as  Sept.  14,  ]7.">0.  Tlie  date  of  her  death  is  given  by  the  Saleia 
Gazette  of  Thursday,  Oct.  24,  1782,  as  Oct.  2i),  1782,  while  several  other  authorities  give  it 
as  Oct.  13,  1782. 

»  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  II.  p.  172. 


The  following  obituary  notice  of  Mrs.  Pickmun  jippeared  in  tlie  Salem 
Gazette  of  Thursday,  Oct.  24,  1872  :  — 

"  Died  last  Sunday  morning,  Mrs.  Elizabeth  Pickman,  Wife  to  ilr.  William 
PiCKMAN,  Merchant,  and  youngest  Daughter  of  the  late  Reverend  Dudley  Leavitt, 
aged  2o  years. 

"  If  a  pure  and  benevolent  mind  :  if  the  utmost  softness  and  delicacy  of  manners  : 
if  the  must  amiable  deportment  in  every  relation  of  life,  have  merit  among  mankind, 
this  excellent  Lady  truly  dignified  and  adorned  that  station  in  which  Heaven  had 
placed  her.  The  deep  sorrow  risibly  impressed  on  the  countenance  of  every  friend, 
through  an  extensive  circle  of  social  connections,  testifies  the  high  place  she  held  in 
their  affectidns ;  and  the  undissembled  grief  of  the  poor,  who  shared  her  bounty, 
mark  the  beneficence  of  that  open  and  liberal  heart,  which  death  has  locked  up 

There  is  a  beautiful  miniature  of  her,  very  handsomely  set  in  gold,  in 
the  possession  of  her  granddaughter,  Mrs.  Richard  Sullivan  Fay,  but  Mrs. 
Fay  was  not  willing  that  it  should  be  reproduced  in  this  work. 

50.  VI.  So.  William  Pickman,  Elizabeth  Leavitt's  husband,  probably 
bom  in  Salem,  baptized  there  March  13,  1747-8,  died  in  Salem.  A  mer- 
chant.    Residence :  Salem.^ 

William  Pickman,  H.  C  17GG,  was  bred  a  merchant  in  the  counting-room 
of  his  father,  and  embarked  in  business  before  the  Revolutionary  War  com- 
menced. At  the  close  of  the  war,  he  was  appointed  by  President  Washing- 
ton Naval  Officer  of  the  Port  of  Salem,  and  held  the  position  fourteen  years. 
He  was  a  representative  from  Salem  in  the  General  Court  in  1786,  1788, 
and  1781),  and  a  delegate  to  the  Constitutional  Convention  in  1779-80.^ 

An  unpublished  letter  from  Mrs.  Rebecca  Pickering  to  her  husband. 
Colonel  Timothy  Pickering,  dated  at  Philadelphia,  June  1,  1783,  speaks  of 
a  A-isit  from  Captain  Goodhue,  and  says  he  was  "  led  to  speak  of  Betty 
Pickman's  death,  which  he  lamented  very  much.  He  says  Mr.  Pickman  is 
exceedingly  dejected  with  the  loss  of  his  wife,  and  his  circumstances,  which 

*  The  date  of  his  death  is  given  as  Xov.  3. 1815.  by  several  authorities.  It  is  given  as 
Nov.  5,  181,"i,  in  the  First  Centenary  of  the  North  Church  and  Society,  in  Salem,  p.  214. 

"  The  Journal  and  Letters  of  Samuel  Curwen,  An  American  in  England,  from  1775  to 
1783      Fourth  edition  by  George  A.  Ward,  pp.  628-630. 



[51.     VI.     S;.] 

FRONt  THE  Portrait  by  Washington  Allston,  now  in  the  possession 
OF  Mrs.  Theodore,  of  Brookline,  Mass. 


Captain  Goodhue  tell.>  me  uro  \cvy  bad.  He  sa\-s  tlie  war  lia.s  left  him  in 
.such  a  situation  that  lie  scarce  knows  which  way  to  support  liis  family." 

^Ix.  Pickman  was  a  son  of  the  Hon.  Colonel  Benjamin  and  Love 
(^ILiwlins)  Pickman,  uf  Salem.  Colonel  Pickman,  WilUam  Pickman  s  father, 
was  a  distinguished  man,  and  belonged  to  one  of  the  most  important  fami- 
lies of  Salem.  He  was  a  representative  in  the  General  Court  in  174-1,  and 
was  one  of  the  Committee  of  War  in  1745  for  carrying-  on  the  siege  of  Louis- 
burg.  For  the  Services  he  performed  the  Prcn'ince  gave  him  a  very  hand- 
some silver  punch-bowl,  which  descended  to  his  great-great-grandson, 
Benjamin  Pickman,  ^[.D.,  who  died  at  Montclair,  X.  J.,  June  4,  1893. 
Colonel  Pickman,  in  175G,  was  elected  a  member  of  the  governor's  council, 
and  in  the  same  year  he  was  appointed  a  Judge  of  the  Superior  Court. 
He  was  one  of  the  richest  merchants  of  Salem,  and  in  1750  he  built  the 
house  on  Essex  Street,  which  was  noted  for  its  beauty.     It  is  still  standing.^ 

Clarke  GaijtoH  Pickman  [6.  VL  iJ]  was  his  brother,  and  2Ianj  Topi)an 
Ficknmti  [6.  IX.  72'~\  was  his  grandniece.  His  ancestry  includes  the  follow- 
ing families:  Pickman,  Hardy,  Lindall,  Veren,  Kawlins,  English.  See 
AxcE.sTRY  Tables  ^i. 

51.  VI.  87.  Samuel  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  Y.  19],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Boston.     A  banker.     Residence :  London,  England. 

Samuel  Williams,  H.  C.  1780,  first  began  business  in  Boston  as  a  flour 
merchant.  In  1793,  in  the  early  part  of  the  French  Revolution,  he  was 
appointed  by  President  Washington  consul  at  Hamburgh,  and  about  the 
year  179G,  he  was  transfen-ed  to  London,  where  he  remained  till  about  1801. 
In  London  he  acted  as  consul,  and  also  as  the  agent  appointed  by  President 
Adams  to  attend  to  the  American  claims  under  Jay's  treaty,  the  pro\'isions 
of  which  were  so  beneficial  to  our  suffering  merchants.  In  London  he 
established  himself  as  a  merchant  and  banker.  He  lived  at  Xo.  13, 
Finsbury  Square,  where  he  kept  open  house. 

In  his  business  relations  he  was  considered  as  safe  as  the  Bank  of  Eng- 
land.    For  thirty  yeai'S  he  was  the  faithful  and  honorable  representative  on 

'  For  an  account  of  the  Pickman  ramilv.  see  tlie  Heraldic  Journal,  Vol.  II.  pp  'iG-L'y, 
and  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  YI.  p.  95. 


tlie  Kxchan^^e  of  tlie  commercial  interests  of  the  United  States,  and  not  long 
ago  our  older  mercliants  still  looked  bade  to  lam  witli  great  respect  and 
pride.  He  was  an  excellent  man  of  business,  but  iiually  became  em- 
barrassed in  his  pecuniary  atlairs  by  becoming  surety  for  his  friends.  He 
returned  to  the  United  States,  and  died  at  the  house  of  his  brother  in 

He  is  said  to  have  been  a  chai-ming  man,  very  much  beloved  and 
respected.  He  was  tall,  with  blue  eyes,  and  he  retained  his  florid  com- 
plexion even  after  he  had  gi-own  to  be  an  old  man. 

Mr.  Williams  was  a  fellow  of  the  American  Academy  of  Arts  and 
Sciences,  and  a  corresponding  member  of  the  ilassachusetts  Historical 

A  fine  lai-ge  portrait  of  liim,  painted  by  AVashington  Allston,  and  another 
by  Stuart  [N'ewton,  are  in  the  possession  of  his  grandnephew,  Colonel 
Theodore  Lyman,  of  Brookline.  A  heliotype  is  here  given  of  the  picture 
by  Washington  Allston.^ 

51.  VT.  88.  Henry  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  V.  19],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Jan.  3,  1762,  died  in  Boston.^ 

51-52.  VI.  89.  Lydia  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  V.  19],  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Oct.  2,  17G3,  died  in  Boston. 

Mrs.  Lyman  is  said  to  have  been  a  lovely  and  accomplished  woman. 
In  the  winter  of  1784,  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  visited  Salem,  and  on  his 
return  to  Philadelphia  in  a  sleigh  he  took  vnt\\  him  his  niece,  Lydia 
Williams,  who  passed  several  months  in  his  family,  and  returned  by  water 
July  3,  1784.  Colonel  Pickering  often  refers  to  the  happiness  which  her 
visit  brought  the  family.  He  expresses  his  estimate  of  her  as  follows,  in  a 
letter  to  his  sister  Lois,  dated  May  17,  1784:  — 

*  Salem  Gazette,  Friday,  Jan.  22,  1S41;  The  Genealogy  and  History  of  the  Family  of 
Williams  in  America,  more  particularly  of  the  Descendants  of  Kobert  Williams  of  Eoxbury, 
by  Stephen  W.  Williams,  :M.D.,  A.Ttt.,  p.  329,  and  the  note  book  of  Colonel  Theodore  Lyman. 

'  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  as  Xov.  2,  17G1,  by  Robert  il.  Pratt,  also  in  a  manu- 
script genealogy  of  the  Williams  Family,  of  Salem.  It  is  given  as  Nov.  3,  1761,  by  two 
other  authorities. 


"  Lydia  id  a  charming  girl.  'Sly  wife  and  I  .shall  be  very  unwilling  to  part  with 
her.  I  hope  her  mother  will  not  be  in  haste  to  send  for  her,  unless  Lydia  herself 
should  desire  it ;  which  I  imagine  she  will  not  do  yet."  ^ 

The  Rev.  John  Cliirke,  in  a  letter  to  his  uncle,  Colonel  Timothy  Picker- 
ing', dated  Feb.  16,  17'J3,  says:  — 

"  Our  friends  at  Salem  are  well.  Mrs.  Lyman  is  the  same  lovely  woman  which 
you  predicted  from  the  accomplishments  of  Lydia  Williams.  And  she  is  happy,  very 
happy,  with  a  man  who  knows  how  to  appreciate  her  merits,  and  who  has  few  equals 
in  judgment  and  understanding."  - 

Rebecca  Pickering,  in  a  letter  to  her  daughter,  ^Irs.  Elizabeth  Dorsey, 
dated  at  Wenham,  May  5,  IStS.  in  which  she  writes  of  going  to  Boston  to 
have  her  portrait  b'S'  Stuart  finished,  says :  "  An  invitation  came  from  Mrs. 
Lyman  for  me  to  go  to  her  house,  which  I  did.  She  looked  remarkably 
well.  I  think  she  is  one  of  the  finest  women  I  know.  Your  father  has 
passed  six  weeks  last  winter  there,  much  to  his  satisfaction." 

51-52.  VI.  SO.  Theodore  Lijman,  the  husband  of  Lydia  Williams, 
born  in  York,  Me.,  died  in  Waltham,  Mass.  A  merchant.  Residences : 
Boston  and  Waltliam. 

AYhile  still  a  voung  man,  Theodore  Lyman  went  to  Kennebunk,  Me., 
and  became  a  clerk  in  the  store  of  "Waldo  Emerson.  At  the  age  of  twenty- 
one  he  built  a  store  and  went  into  business  on  his  ovrn  account.  His  first 
wife,  whom  he  married  Nov.  21,  177G,  was  Sarah  Emerson.  She  died  Jan. 
21,  1784.  She  was  a  daughter  of  his  employer,  AYaldo  Emerson,  and 
through  her  he  became  possessed  of  all  the  property  of  his  father-in-law. 
Tliis  materially  assisted  him  in  his  large  business  enterprises.  He  built  and 
employed  a  large  number  of  vessels,  and  engaged  profitably  in  the  West 
India  trade.  His  wealth  increased  rapidly,  and  he  built  at  great  expense 
the  largest  and  finest  house  in  that  part  of  the  country.  To  this  beautiful 
home  he  brought  his  second  wife,  Lydia  "Williams,  Feb.  7,  178G,  But  its 
splendor  did  not  compensate  for  the  social  life  of  Salem,  where  she  had  been 
surrounded  by  a  cultivated  circle  of  relatives  and  friends.     This  fact,  added 

>  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  U.  p.  ZH. 
=  Ibid.,  Vol.  III.  p.  65. 


to  his  desire  of  enlarging  the  scale  of  his  business,  led  him  to  remove  to 
Boston  in  1790.  Here  he  widely  extended  his  trade,  sending  his  ships  to  the 
East  Indies,  to  Europe,  and  to  the  northwest  coast  of  America.  His  trade 
with  the  northwest  coast  was  extensive.  Loading  his  ships  in  Boston  with  a 
cargo  of  comparatively  small  value,  it  was  there  exchanged  for  a  cargo  of 
furs,  which  were  taken  to  China,  and  there  exchanged  for  a  cargo  of  teas, 
silks,  and  the  other  commodities  of  that  country.  Such  a  voyage  fre- 
quently made  the  owner  rich.  He  acquired  a  large  fortune,  and  was  one  of 
the  merchant  princes  of  his  time.  The  names  of  few  merchants  are  better 
known  than  that  of  Theodore  Lyman. 

By  his  first  wife,  Sarah  (Emerson),  Mr.  Lyman  had  the  following 
children :  — 

Waldo  Lymax  who  died  Oct.  23,  1780. 

Olive  Ltman  who  married  Jan.  25,  1805,  Henry  Paine. 

Sarah  Lyman  who  died  at  Waltham,  July  30,  1819. 

Rdth  Lyman  who  died  Jan.  16,  1784,  aged  8  days. 

Mr.  Lyman  died  at  his  beautiful  seat  in  Waltham,  which  was  one  of  the 
finest  and  oldest  in  America.  The  place,  comprising  several  hundred  acres, 
he  bouglit  in  1793,  and  on  it  he  built  a  spacious  house,  which  he  made  his 
summer  home.  The  following  description  of  the  place  was  made  after  a 
visit  to  it,  June  1,  1803,  by  Mrs.  Eliza  Southgate  Bowne :  — 

"  I  have  no  time  to  tell  you  of  this  elegant  place  of  Jlr.  Lyman's,  great  taste  in 
laying  out  the  grounds.  It  surpasses  everything  of  the  kind  I  ever  saw  ;  beautiful 
serpentine  river  or  brook,  thickly  planted  with  trees,  and  elegant  swans  swimming 
about — you  can't  imagine,  'twas  all  most  like  enchantment."^ 

The  following  is  a  more  recent  description  of  the  place:  — 

"  Waltham  IToiine,  about  nine  miles  from  Boston,  was,  25  years  ago,  one  of  the 
oldest  and  finest  places  as  regards  Landscape  Gardening.  Its  owner,  the  late  Hon.  T. 
Lyman,  was  a  highly  accomplished  man,  and  the  grounds  at  Waltham  House  bear 
witness  to  a  refined  and  elegant  taste  in  rural  improvement.    A  fine  level  park,  a  mile 

>  A  Girl's  Life  Eighty  Years  Ago.  Edited  by  Clarence  Cook,  p.  149.  It  contains  an 
engraving  of  Mr.  Lyman's  place.  See  also  an  account  of  his  place  in  The  Memorial  History 
of  Boston,  edited  by  Justin  Winsor,  Vol.  lY.  p.  635. 


[52       VI.      0,] 

From  the  Crayon  Portrait  bv  Chexev.  now  in  the  possession  of 
Mrs.  Philip  H.  Sears,  of  Boston. 


in  length,  enriched  witli  groups  uf  English  limes,  ohns  ami  oaks,  and  rich  masses  of 
native  wood,  watered  by  a  fine  stream  and  stocked  with  deer,  were  the  leading  features 
uf  the  place  at  that  time  ;  and  this  and  Woodlands  were  the  two  best  specimens  of  the 
m<xlern  style,  as  Judge  Peter's  seat,  Lemon  Hill,  and  Clermont,  were  of  the  ancient 
style,  in  the  earliest  period  uf  the  history  of  Landscape  Gardening  among  us." ' 

Mr.  Lyman's  place  is  nov\'  owned  and  occupied  as  a  country  seat  by  liis 
gTands<in,  Arthur  Tlieodore  L3-nuui. 

Theodore  Lyman  was  a  sou  of  the  Rev.  Isaac  and  Ruth  (Plummer) 
Lyman,  of  York,  Mo.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following-  families :  Lyman, 
Osborne,  Plum,  Sheldon,  Woodford,  Blott,  Warner,  I'lummer,  Cheney, 
Jewett,  Newman,  Wiuthrop,  Forth,  Read,  Emerson,  Symonds,  Read.  See 
A.vcESTRY    Tables    ilj. 

52.  VL  90,  Timothy  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  V.  19],  born  in  Sa- 
lem, baptized  there  Sept,  1,  1765,  died  in  Boston.  A  merchant.  Residence: 

Mr.  Williams,  H.  C.  1784,  was  a  man  of  sterling  worth,  but  not  widely 
known.  He  was  an  excellent  specimen  of  the  Boston  merchant,  honorable 
in  his  dealings,  simple,  high-minded,  generous,  and  manly  in  his  character. 
To  worthy  young  men  who  needed  aid  in  their  first  struggles  to  gain  a 
place  and  a  name,  he  was  a  sound  ad\-iser  and  a  generous  friend.  He  was 
very  shy  and  silent.  As  to  appearance,  he  was  a  tall  man  with  red  hair. 
He  died  at  the  United  States  Hotel,  Boston.^ 

52.  VI.  91.  Mary  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  V,  19],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Aug.  9,  1767,  died  in  AYaturtown,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Pratt  was  a  woman  of  great  beauty  of  character.     She  was  ever 

'  Landscape  Gardening  and  Rural  Architecture,  by  A.  J.  Downing,  p.  33;  The  History 
of  Wells  and  Kennebunk,  .Me.,  by  Edward  E.  Bourne,  LL.  D.,  pp.  494-495 ;  The  Lyman 
Genealogy,  by  Lyman  Coleman,  D.D.,  pp.  361-362. 

^  The  Genealogy  and  History  of  the  Eamily  of  Williams  in  America,  more  particularly 
of  the  Descendants  of  Robert  Williams  of  Rosbury.  by  Stephen  W.  Williams,  M.D.,  A.iL, 
pp.  327-329,  in  which  it  is  erroneously  stated  that  ^Mr.  Williams's  parents  came  from  Ports- 
mouth, England,  and  settled  in  Salem.  An  obituary  notice  of  him  was  printed  in  the 
Huston  Daily  Atlas,  and  was  copied  into  the  Christian  Register,  and  again  into  the 
Williams  Genealogy. 


kind,  (lijiuterested,  and  thouylitfal  of  others,  neglecting  herself.  The  daily 
interests,  the  anxieties,  the  pleasures,  and  the  sorrows  of  her  friends,  were 
subjects  of  her  unfailing  sympathy,  and  her  charities  were  ample,  but 
unobtrusive.  Even  when  she  was  treading  on  the  confines  of  a  cen- 
tury, age  had  not  visited  her  bright  eye,  her  fair  hair,  nor  her  unruffled 

After  her  husband's  death,  she  and  her  three  daughters  removed,  in  1852, 
from  the  Summer  Street  house  to  No.  85  Mount  Vernon  Street.  AVhen  her 
daughter,  Mary  Pratt,  died,  the  heirs  sold  the  house  to  Miss  Pratt's  niece, 
Mrs.  Philip  H.  Sears.  This  house  is  a  fine  example  of  the  architecture  uf 
Thomas  Bulfinch. 

The  excellent  crayon  portrait  of  Mrs.  Pratt,  by  Cheney,  which  is  here 
reproduced,  is  in  the  possession  of  her  granddaughter,  Mrs.  Philip  H.  Sears, 
of  Boston. 

52.  VI.  91.  WiUiam  Pratt,  the  husband  of  Mary  Williams,  born  in 
Derbyshire,  England,  died  in  Boston.  A  merchant.  Residences :  Boston 
and  "Watevtown,  Mass. 

Mr.  Pratt  left  Derbyshire  in  1783,  and  went  to  London.  In  1784,  or 
about  that  time,  he  came  to  Boston,  where  he  engaged  in  the  importation  of 
dry  goods,  being  a  partner  in  the  firm  of  Boott  &  Pratt,  whose  store  was  on 
Butler's  Row,"  and  who,  in  1787,  advertised  in  a  IJoston  newspaper,  "  Fresh 
"Woollens,  Arrived  by  the  Jfercuri/  and  Neptune,  the  last  ships  from  London. 
And  to  be  sold  by  ichoJesale  at  Boott  &  Pratt's  Store,  Butler's  Row."  lie 
accumulated  a  large  fortune,  and  is  said  to  liave  left  at  his  death,  in  1844, 
an  estate  of  over  a  million  dollars. 

Mr.  Pratt  removed  from  his  house  on  Pearl  Street  to  the  residence  on 
Summer  Street,  formerly  occupied  by  the  Hon.  William  Gray.  It  was  the 
most  conspicuous  estate  on  the  easterly  side,  next  to  Trinity  Church  and 
bordering   on    Hawley   Street.^      "  Oakley,"   ]Mr.   Pratt's  country  seat   at 

*  Obituary  in  the  Boston  Daily  Advertiser  of  Ausr.  29,  1S64. 

*  From  1789-1835  from  Merchant's  Row  to  Spear's  WTiarf.  Chatham  Street  now 
includes  a  part  of  it. 

'  The  Boston  Daily  Advertiser  of  Aug.  31,  1881. 


[52.   vr.   91.] 

From  the  Miniature  now  in  the  possession  ok  Robert  Marion  Pratt, 
Esq.,  of  Boston,  Mass. 

/     -       1 


[5=-    VI.    93] 

From  the  Mi.viati-re,  .vow  in  thk  possEssro.v  of  Jeffries  \Vym.i 
Esq.,  of  Newton,  M.ass. 


W.iterti'wn,  now  owned  and  kept  up  by  liis  grandson,  Robert  M.  Pratt, 
was  one  of  the  most  beautiful  and  extensive  estates  in  the  vicinity  of  Jiostou. 
It  was  celebrated  for  its  tine  ti-ees,  and  its  fruit  and  flower  gardens. 

A  miniature  of  ^Ir.  Pratt,  now  in  the  possession  of  his  grandson, 
Robert  iL  Pratt,  is  here  reproduced. 

Mr.  Pratt  was  a  son  of  Samuel  and  Anne  [Storer]  Pratt,  of  Derbyshire, 
England.      Jiuie  Pratt  [58.  VI.  11G'\  was  his  niece.      Ancestry  Tables  ^\. 

52.  VI.  92.  Jolin  'W'illiams  [Lydia  51-52.  V.  19],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Aug.  13,  17G9,  died  in  Northborongh,  Mass.' 

52.  VI.  93.  Stephen  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  V.  19],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  May  8,  1774,  died  in  Northborough,  Mass.  A  farmer.  Resi- 
dence :  i^orthborough. 

In  early  life  he  was  engaged  in  business  in  Boston,  at  one  time  with 
Theodore  Lyman;  but  he  afterwards  removed  to  Northborough,  Mass., 
where  he  became  one  of  the  most  skilful  farmers  of  Worcester  county.  He 
was  a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  his  fellow  citizens  put  the  utmost  confi- 
dence in  him.  He  was  public-spirited  and  benevolent,  and  a  man  of  the 
strictest   integrity. 

The  miniature  of  him,  which  is  here  reproduced,  is  now  in  the  possession 
of  his  great-grandson,  Jeflries  AVyman,  of  Newton,  ^Mass. 

52.  VI.  9J.  Alice  Orne,  the  v/ife  of  Stephen  "Williams,  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  April  23,  1769,  died  in  Northborough,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Williams  was  a  daughter  of  Captain  Josiah  and  Alice  (Palmer) 
Orne,  of  Salem.  Edward  Orne  [52.  VII.  SSS]  was  her  nephew,  and  Elizabeth 
Putnam  Orne  [52.  VIII.  502']  and  Anne  Fiske  Orne  [52.  VIII.  692-]  were 
her  grandnieces.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families  :  Orne,  Thomp- 
son, IngersoU,  Felton,  Elvins,  Beadle,  Palmer.     See  Ancestry  Tables  ^n. 

^  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  as  Aug.  6,  1769,  by  his  niece,  Sarah  P.  Pratt ;  as  Aug. 
.",  1769,  by  W.  Dudley  Pickman ;  as  Aug.  16,  17G9,  by  his  g^and^ephe\^-,  Eobert  M.  Pratt, 
and  as  June,  1769,  by  the  Gardner  Family  Records  and  by  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland.  The 
date  of  his  death  is  given  as  June  19,  1S39,  by  his  niece,  Sarah  P.  Pratt ;  and  as  June  20, 
1S.39,  by  the  Gardner  Family  Records  and  by  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland. 


52.  VI.  94.  Elizabetli  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  V.  19],  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  May  8,  1774,  died  in  Salem,  of  consumption.^ 

52.  VI.  94-  Moses  Little^  her  husband,  bom  in  Newburyport,  Mass., 
died  in  Salem.     A  physician.     Residence  :  Salem." 

Moses  Little,  H.  C  1787,  studied  medicine  with  Dr.  Jonathan  Swett  of 
Newburyport,  IMass.,  and  in  1791  began  the  j)ractice  of  his  profession  in 
Salem.  He  became  very  celebrated,  and  ranked  among-  the  leading  physi- 
cians in  Essex  C'ountv.  He  built  a  house  which  is  still  standing  directly 
opposite  Plummer  Hall,  Salem.  He  did  not  live  to  occupy  it  long.  He 
himself,  his  wife,  and  his  three  children  all  died  of  consumption.  At  his 
request,  the  following  lines  were  inscribed  upon  his  tombstone :  — 

"  Phthisis  insatiabilis, 
Patrem  matremque 


Parce,  O  !  Farce, 


Dr.  Little  was  a  son  of  Richard  and  Jane  fNoyes)  Little.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families:  Little,  Poor,  Cothn,  Tliember,  Stevens, 
Greenleaf,  Dole,  Rolfe,  Brocklebank,  Noyes,  Parker,  Brown,  Greenleaf, 
Coffin,  Thember,  Stevens,  Smith,  Kent.     See  Ai.-cestey  Tables  ^\- 

52.  VI.  95.  Francis  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  V.  19],  probably  bom 
in  Salem,  baptized  there  June  23,  1776,  died  in  Holland.  Residence: 

1  The  date  of  her  birth  is  given  as  April  2.5,  1776.  by  Sarah  P.  Pratt  and  Eobert  :M. 
Pratt,  and  as  1773  by  the  Gardner  Family  Records  and  by  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland.  The 
date  of  her  death  is  given  as  ;May  29,  1808,  by  Sarah  P.  Pratt  and  Robert  !M.  Pratt,  and  in 
The  Descendants  of  George  Little,  by  George  T.  Little,  p.  94,  and  as  May  28,  1808,  in 
Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IV.  p.  83. 

'  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  by  Sarah  P.  Pratt,  and  in  The  Descendants  of  George 
Little,  by  George  T.  Little,  p.  94,  as  July  4.  17(5G,  while  Essex  Institute  Historical  Col- 
lections, Vol.  IV.  p.  S3,  gives  it  as  July  3,  1766. 

•  The  Descendants  of  George  Little,  by  George  T.  Little,  p.  94 ;  also  Essex  Insti- 
tute Historical  Collections,  Vol.  IV.  p.  83. 

*  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  by  Sarah  P.  Pratt  and  Eobert  '^l.  Pratt  as  June  17, 
1776,  and  by  the  Gardner  Family  Records  and  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland  as  1775.  The  date 
of  his  death  is  given  by  Robert  iL  Pratt  and  Miss  Sarah  P.  Pratt  as  June  22,  1847,  while 
Colonel  Theodore  Lyman's  note  book,  p.  5,  says  he  died  some  time  before  1821  in  Holland. 


[52.    VI.    96.] 

From  the  Phrtrait  by  Chester  Harding,  .vow  i.\  the  poss 
Mrs.  C.-\THERi.N'E  R.  Griffith,  OF  Quebec,  Canad.\. 


Francis  Williatus,  IL  C.  17i)6,  did  not  meet  with  much  success  in  busi- 
ness. He  wrote  a  very  good  letter.  He  is  said  to  have  once  been  engaged 
to  a  daughter  of  the  banker  Hottingiier,  but  the  match  was  broken  off.  He 
Hved  most  of  the  time  in  Europe.' 

52.  VI.  96.     Anna  "Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  Y.  19],  born  probably  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  March  14,  1779,  as  Anna,  died  in  Boston. 
Mrs.  Baldwin  was  called  Nancy. 

52.  VI.  06.  Loainmi  liahlwin,  her  husband,  born  in  North  Wobum, 
Mass.,  died  in  Charlestown,  Mass.,  of  paral}sis.  A  civil  engineer.  Residence : 

Colonel  Baldwin,  H.  C.  1800,  was  fitted  for  college  at  Westford  Academy. 
While  in  college  his  inclination  seems  to  have  been  toward  mechanical  sub- 
jects, and  he  made  with  his  own  hands  a  clock  which  kept  very  good  time, 
and  was  the  wonder  and  admiration  of  his  class.  He  does  not  seem  to  have 
found  out  at  once  for  what  he  was  intended.  Upon  graduating  from  college 
he  entered  the  law  office  of  Timothy  Bigelow  of  Groton.  During  his  studies 
here  he  constructed  a  fire  engine,  of  which  the  village  stood  in  great  need ; 
and  this  small  machine  was  still,  in  1885,  in  active  service  after  a  use  of  over 
eighty  years,  and  would  then  throw  a  stream  over  the  highest  roof  in  town. 
He  completed  his  legal  studies  in  1804,  and  then  opened  an  office  in  Cam- 
bridge. But  his  taste  for  mechanical  arts  asserted  itself  so  strongly  that,  in 
1807,  he  closed  his  office  and  went  to  England  for  the  purpose  of  examining 
the  various  public  works  of  that  country.  On  his  return  he  opened  an  office 
in  Charlestown,  and  entered  upon  the  life  of  a  civil  engineer,  for  which  he 
was  so  admirablv  fitted. 

His  services  were  in  demand  by  very  many  of  the  States  of  the  Union, 
as  is  testified  to  by  his  scientific  surveys  for  canals,  roads  and  aqueducts. 
'  'ue  of  his  earliest  works  was  Fort  Strong  on  Noddle's  Island  in  Boston 
harbor.  From  1817  to  1820,  he  was  engaged  on  public  works  in  Virginia; 
and,  in  1821,  he  was  appointed  engineer  of  the  Union  Canal  in  Pennsyl- 

'  Colonel  Theodore  Lyman's  note  book,  p.  5. 

"  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  as  May  16,  17S0,  by  several  authorities,  while  the 
Ralilwin  Genealogy,  by  Charles  C.  Baldwin,  p.  62S,  gives  it  as  May  18,  1778. 


vania.  In  1824,  he  went  to  Europe  aud  devoted  a  year  to  tlie  public  works 
of  France.  He  also  went  to  Antwerp  to  inspect  the  docks.  At  this  time  he 
laid  the  foundation  of  the  largest  and  best  professional  librar}-  of  engineerir.- 
works  that  was  to  be  found  in  America.  He  also  owned  some  of  the  be^t 
paintings  of  his  classmate  Washington  AlLston.  When  a  committee  was 
appointed  to  decide  upon  the  plan  of  Bunker  Hill  Monument,  he  was  made 
its  chairman.  From  1827  to  1834,  he  was  engaged  on  the  two  great  works 
of  his  life  —  the  naval  dry  docks  at  Chfirlestown,  Mass.,  and  those  at  Norfolk, 
Va.  Although  he  was  so  constantly  employed  that  he  had  but  little  time 
for  other  engagements,  vet  he  was  a  public-spirited  man,  and  served  as  a 
member  of  the  governor's  council  in  1835,  and  as  a  presidential  elector 
in  1836. 

Colonel  Baldwin  had  a  keen  sense  of  wit  and  humor,  and  was  a  most 
genial  companion.  He  was  the  delight  of  all  circles  —  the  gayest  of  the 
young  and  the  instructor  of  the  old  —  the  playful  companion  or  wise  coun- 
sellor. His  friends  were  captivated  by  his  wit  and  humor.  They  gloried 
in  tlie  purity  and  sternness  of  his  principles  —  his  avoidance  of  all  that  was 
mean,  selfish,  and  little.  His  attachment  to  a  few  devoted  friends  began 
early  in  life,  and  ended  only  with  his  last  breath.  He  was  liberal  and 
hospitable,  and  to  his  professional  abilities  he  added  those  virtues  which 
adorn  private  life,  and  sweeten  social  intercourse.  He  was  over  six  feet  in 
height  and  superbly  built.  Plis  face,  as  is  shown  by  his  admirable  portrait, 
presents  a  rare  combination  of  intelligence,  of  manliness,  and  of  dignity.^ 

On  June  22,  1828,  Colonel  Baldwin  married  as  a  second  wife  Mrs. 
Catherine,  widow  of  Captain  Thomas  Beckford,  of  Charlestown.  She  died 
May  3,  18G4,  aged  77  years. 

Colonel  Baldwin's  portrait  was  painted  in  early  life  by  Leslie.  Wash- 
ington Allston  made  a  sketch  of  him,  and  Powers  a  The  portrait 
which  we  have  had  reproduced  was  painted  by  Chester  Harding.  It  is  in 
the  possession  of  his  niece,  Jlrs.  Catherine  R.  Griffith,  of  Rumford  House, 
Mt.  Pleasant,  Quebec,  Canada,  and  hangs  in  the  old  family  mansion  of  the 

'  Obituaries  in  Salem  Gazette  of  July  3,  1838,  and  in  the  Boston  Daily  Advertiser  of 
July  2  and  July  3,  1838 ;  and  A  Sketch  of  the  Life  and  Works  of  Loammi  Baldwin,  Civil 
Engineer,  by  George  L.  Yose. 




[5--.    VI.    9S.] 

From  the  Portrait  by  Leslie,  pain  fed  in  1817,  sow  in  the  possession 
OF  THE  Misses  Whitney,  of  Cambriiii;e.  Mass. 


[53-    VI.    ;«.] 
THE  Portrait  ev,  painted  in-  Caniox,  China,  in  1790,  n^ 



Baldwins,  in  North  Woburu.      Tliis  house  is  a  fine  specimen  of  Colonial 

Colonel  Baldwin  was  a  son  of  Loammi  and  Mary  (Fowle)  Baldwin, 
llis  father  was  a  distinguished  citizen  of  Woburn,  and  served  in  the  Revo- 
hitionary  War  as  the  colonel  of  a  regiment.  He  was  much  interested  in 
tlie  cultivation  of  fruit,  and  to  him  we  are  indebted  for  the  M'ell-known 
Baldwin  apple,  ^vhich  he  perfected  and  brought  into  use.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families:  Baldwin,  Ricluuxlson,  Fisk,  Wilson,  Rich- 
ardson, Green,  Blodgett,  Iggleden,  Fowle.     See  Ancestry  Tables  ^^. 

52.  VI.  98.  Charles  Williams  [Lydia  51-52.  V.  19],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Jan.  18,  1784,  died  in  London,  England.  A  banker.  Resi- 
dence :  London. 

Mr.  Williams  -was  in  business  in  London  with  his  brother,  Samuel 
Williams.  The  two  brothers  set  up  housekeeping  as  early  as  1801,  at  No. 
13,  Finsbury  Square,  London,  where  they  entertained  a  great  deal.  He 
tliouglit  it  beneath  a  gentleman  to  -n-rite  a  book,  and  seems,  though  an 
American,  to  have  been  a  tory  of  the  old  school.  He  is  said  to  have  been 
something  of  an  artist,  and  Leslie,  Allston,  and  Newton  were  frequent 
visitors  at  his  house.     He  became  poor.^ 

A  heliotype  is  here  given  of  his  portrait,  painted  by  C  R.  Leslie,  R.  A., 
in  1817.  It  is  now  in  the  possession  of  his  grand  nieces,  the  Misses  Whitney, 
of  Cambridge,  Mass. 

53.  VI.  99.  ElizalDeth  Gardner  [Ehzabeth  53.  V.  20],  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Feb.  11,  1759;  died  in  Wenham,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Blanchard  was  buried  in  Wenham,  where  her  gravestone  is  still 

53,  VI.  99.  Samuel  Blanehai'd,  her  husband,  born  in  Boston,  died 
in  Wenham,  Mass.     A  surgeon.     Residence  :  Wenham. 

Mr.  Blanchard  received  a  medical  education,  and  for  a  short  time  was 
a  surgeon  in  the  army  of  the  Revolution.  After  leaving  the  army,  he 
became  the  surgeon  of  several  privateers.     After   the  war,  he  gave  up  his 

*  Note  book  of  Colonel  Theodore  Lyman. 


profession  and  went  to  France  and  to  the  East  Indies  as  supercargo.  For 
several  years  he  was  a  merchant  in  Salem  and  in  Baltimore.  About  the 
yeai-  1797,  ho  purchased  a  farm  in  Wenham,  where  he  lived  many  years. 
He  represented  the  town  in  the  General  Court  for  the  years  1797,  1798, 
1799,  ISOO,  1803,  1S08,  1809,  and  1810.  He  was  burled  at  Wenham,  where 
his  gravestone  is  still  standing. 

A  heliotype  of  his  portrait  is  here  given.  It  was  painted  in  Canton, 
China,  in  December,  1790,  by  a  Chinese  artist.  It  is  owned  by  his 
great-grandson,  Robert  C.  Winthrop,  of  Boston. 

Samuel  Blanchard  was  a  son  of  Joshua  Blanchard,  of  Boston,  a  member 
of  the  Committee  of  Public  Safety.     Ancestkv  Tables  ^\. 

53.  VI.  100.  John  Gardner  [Elizabeth  53.  V.  20],  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Aug.  31,  1760,  died  in  Charleston,  S.  C.  A  merchant. 
Residence :  Charleston. 

Mr.  Gardner  lived  about  eight  years  in  Charleston,  where  he  was  en- 
gaged in  business  with  his  brother,  Samuel  Pickering  Gardner. 

53.  VI.  101.  Samuel  Pickering  Gardner  [Elizabeth  53.  V.  20], 
born  in  Wenham,  Mass.,  baptized  in  Salem,  May  31,  1767,  died  in  Boston. 
A  mercliant.     Residence  :  Boston. 

Mr.  Gardner,  H.  C.  1786,  soon  after  leaving  college,  engaged  in  commer- 
cial pursuits  in  Charleston,  S.  C,  sailing  for  that  place  Sept.  28,  1787.  He 
returned  to  Boston,  Aug.  8,  1793,  and  established  himself  in  business  there. 
Having  acquired  a  fortune,  he  retired  from  active  business,  devoting  his 
leisure  to  society  and  the  enjoyment  of  cultivated  tastes.  In  1800,  he 
bought  the  Summer  Street  estate,  thenceforward  his  hospitable  home.  This 
house,  built  by  Leonard  Vassall,  was  a  fine  specimen  of  Colonial  architecture. 
An  excellent  photograph  of  it  is  in  possession  of  the  family. 

To  avoid  the  inconvenience  of  having  the  same  name  as  that  of  two 
other  persons  then  in  Boston,  he  had  his  name  changed  from  Samuel 
Gardner  to  Samuel  Pickering  Gardner,  by  an  Act  of  the  General  Court  of 
Massachusetts,  passed  the  fifteenth  of  February,  1796.^ 

>  Obituary  in  the  Boston  Daily  Advertiser,  Friday,  Dec.  22,  1S43 ;  Xew  England  His- 
torical and  Genealogical  Register,  Vol.  XXV.  pp.  48,  50 ;  and  the  Gardner  Family  Records 


[53.     VI.     .0..] 

From  thk  Portrait  by  Gii.hf.rt  Stuart,  .now  in  the  possession  of 
M153  Gf.orgina  Low  ell.  of  Boston. 

■-^     -      :   -                 :'i 

'    I 


►»a..;    .■■,   ,VJlM:.^^..t„ 


[53.     VI.     101] 
From  the  Portrait  by  Gilbert  Stuart,  painted  i.v  Nijvfmber,  iSio, 

IN  THE  possession  OF  JOHN  LoWELL  GARDNER,  ESQ.,  OK  BoSTON. 


There  is  an  excellent  portrait  of  ^Ir.  Gardner,  painted  by  Stuart,  now 
in  the  possession  of  his  granddaughter.  Miss  Georgina  Lowell.  It  is  here 

53.  VI.  101.  Rebecca  JRiissell  LoiveU,  the  wife  of  Samuel  P.  Gardner, 
born  in  Boston,  died  in  Boston. 

Jlrs.  Gardner  inherited  from  her  father,  Judge  Lowell,  not  a  little  of 
that  strong  sense  and  energy  which  have  rendered  the  name  of  Lowell  dis- 
tinguished in  so  many  tields  of  intellectual  and  material  enterprise.  No 
one  ever  enjoyed  the  privilege  of  her  society  without  being  impressed  by 
her  vivid  intelligence  and  ardent  enthusiasm.  But  the  moral  element  of 
her  character  is  vet  more  fondly  cherished  in  the  memory  of  her  friends. 
Her  devoted  fidelity  to  every  duty  of  life,  her  untiring  attention  to  all  who 
were  connected  with  her,  her  unostentatious  charit}^,  and  her  unwavering 
religious  faith  are  the  characteristics  which  have  secured  for  her  a  perma- 
nent and  loving  remembrance.^ 

Her  portrait,  painted  by  Stuart  in  November,  1810,  when  she  was 
thirty-one  j^ears  old,  is  said  to  have  been  a  perfect  likeness  of  her  at  the 
time  it  was  taken.  It  is  now  in  the  possession  of  her  grandson,  John 
Lowell  Gardner.     A  heliotype  of  it  is  here  given. 

Mrs.  Garilner  was  a  daughter  of  the  Hon.  John  and  Rebecca  (Russell) 
Lowell.  The  Hon.  James  Russell  Lowell,  late  United  States  Minister  to 
England,  and  John  Amory  Lowell  [55.  VII.  51-],  were  her  nephews; 
Mary  Loicell  [54.  VII.  ■30?'}  is  her  niece,  and  Frances  Temple  Cordis  [25-26. 
VII.  14o^]  was  her  second  cousin.  Her  father  [H.  C.  1760]  was  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Continental  Congress,  and  was  appointed  by  that  body  one  of 
the  three  judges  for  the  trial  of  appeals  from  courts  of  admiralty.  He  was 
a  member  of  the  Convention  which  framed  the  Constitution  of  Massachu- 
setts. He  was  appointed  by  Washington,  in  1789,  Judge  of  the  District 
Court  of  Massachusetts,  and,  in  1801,  was  appointed  Chief-Justice  of  the 
First  Circuit.  He  was  also  a  fellow  of  the  Corporation  of  Harvard  College 
for  eighteen  years,     ilrs.  Gardner's  ancestry  includes  the  follo-^nng  families : 

in  manuscript  compiled  by  Samuel  P.  Gardner,  to  which  we  are  indebted  for  much  infor- 
mation.    This  family  record  is  now  in  possession  of  his  grandson,  George  A.  Gardner. 
*  Obituary  in  the  Boston  Daily  Transcript  of  Saturday,  May  14,  1853. 


Lowell,  Sylve.-tei-,  Tditov,  Shalkr,  Champuty,  IJiiLlye,  Turrell,  Mooiv, 
}Iodg-es,  Rusriell,  Pitt,  Curw  en,  Herbert,  Cluinibers,  ratefield.  Graves, 
Gray,  Steduian,  Avery,  Sparhawk,  xVugier,  Newman.  See  Axcestry 
Tables  f^. 

54-55.  VI.  102.  Sarah  GooU  [Luis  54-55.  V,  22],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Boston. 

The  girlhood  of  Sarah  Gooll  was  ehieil}'  passed  with  her  mother  in  the 
Pickering  mansion,  where  her  nncle,  John  Pickering,  would  read  aloud 
tlie  masterpieces  of  English  literature  to  his  sister  and  niece,  who  were  dili- 
gently employed  upon  the  houseliold  needlework.  Under  her  mother's 
tuition,  she  acquired  skill  in  the  domestic  arts,  those  of  taste  and  ornament 
not  excluded.  This  early  training-  in  practical  usefulness,  combined  with 
intellectual  culture,  was  a  fitting  preparation  for  the  life  that  was  before 

On  her  marriage  her  household,  of  which  she  had  the  direction,  offered, 
as  years  went  on,  a  more  and  more  ample  field  for  her  energy  and  activity. 
She  entered  bi-avely  and  warmly  into  her  husband's  love  for  a  large  hos- 
pitality. When  she  had  arranged  for  the  material  success  of  a  dinner  party, 
she  was  ready  to  enjoy  the  conversation  of  the  eminent  guests  who  met  at 
her  table  and  to  enliven  it  In*  the  quickness  of  her  apprehension  and  the 
readiness  of  her  repartee.  This  hospitable  home  Avas  the  home  of  happiness 
in  every  sense.  Xever  were  children  more  rrratefully  affectionate  than  hers. 
The  daughters,  brought  up  under  her  influence  and  guidance,  repaid  her, 
not  only  by  their  devoted  attention,  but  by  renewing  her  example  for  theii- 
own  children,  and  by  the  loving  joy  she  found  in  their  beauty,  dignity,  and 

Dear  as  she  was  to  the  yet  younger  generation,  to  whom  her  house  was 
a  paradise  of  pleasiire,  she  did  not  win  them  to  it  by  any  undue  indulgence. 
She  possessed  their  respect  as  well  as  their  affection.  She  inculcated  upon 
her  grandchildren  the  active  use  of  the  faculties :  "  If  you  have  a  gift,  dear, 
use  it,"  is  recollected  by  them  as  one  of  her  precepts. 

The  gift  of  embroidery,  which  she  added  to  so  many  others,  she  contin- 
ued to  practice  through  life.     She  designed  her  own  patterns,  sometimes 

SAR.\H    (GOOLL)    PirTNAM. 

[54-55.     VI.      .0..] 

From  the  Crayon  PoRiR...r  by  CHENtv,  now  in  t»e  possession  of 
RoHERi  H.\LE  B.\m:r..ft.  E.vj.,  OF  BovroN. 


y  u.mi<IM  J.-  <<lSt.l»:  '-W=CJ^SW,g=S^^-^  _«.AJS^<»»'!C??'!?3?^ 


^  ^- 


-  .^'/ 





154-55-    VI.    10^.] 

From  the  Portrait  by  Chester  Harding,  now  in  the  possession  of 
Augustus  Lowell,  Esq.,  of  Boston. 



turiiiliii;-  wix-atliri  or  sprays  of  flowers  from  lier  garden,  and  transfemng 
th,  111  in  crewel  to  aprons  or  little  di'esses  for  her  younger  descendants. 
At  tlie  ago  of  ninety  or  more,  she  was  earnestly  engaged  in  embroid- 
^r\-  for  the  fairs  held  in  behalf  of  our  soldiers.  She  was  one  of  those 
woiiifu  who,  in  their  devotion  to  the  home,  do  not  forget  that  they  have  a 

At  the  time  of  Mrs.  Putnam's  death,  a  printed  notice  of  her  was  distrib- 
uted among  her  relatives  and  frii-nds.  She  is  therein  spoken  of  as  greatly 
n;vered  by  them,  and  as  one  whose  daily  life  was  of  unsurpassed  beautv, 
;uul  whose  exam))le  contributed  to  the  best  influences  upon  society  during 
every  period  of  her  lengthened  days.  Dr.  Bartol  preached  a  funeral  ser- 
mon, Nov.  27,  18(U,  the  Sunday  after  her  death.  The  crayon  portrait,  by 
(,'Iieney,  which  is  liere  reproduced,  is  now  in  possession  of  her  grandchil- 
dren, Robert  H.  Bancroft  and  Miss  Ellen  Bancroft. 

54-55.  VI.  102.  Samuel  Piitnmn,  the  husband  of  Sarah  Gooll,  born 
in  Danvers,-  ^Mass.,  baptized  there  June  19,  17G8,  died  in  Boston.  A 
lawyer.     Residences :  Boston  and  Danvers. 

Samuel  Putnam,  H.  C.  1787,  LL.D.  1825,  began  the  study  of  law  with 
the  Hon.  Theophilus  Bradbury,  of  Xewburyport.  In  1790,  he  opened  a  law 
ofHce  in  Salem,  and  soon  had  a  large  practice.  Wliile  at  the  bar,  he  was 
distinguished  for  his  knowledge  of  commercial  law,  his  chivalric  sense  of 
honor,  and  his  pleasant  manners.  He  was  liberal  in  his  religious  views, 
and  could  not  endure  any  dogmatic  or  ecclesiastic  tyranny.     In  1808,  1809, 

1813,  and  1814,  he  represented  Essex  County  in  the  ^Massachusetts  Senate, 
and,  in  1812,  he  was  a  representative  from  Salem  in  the  General  Court.     In 

1814,  lie  w;is  made  a  Justice  of  the  Massachusetts  Supreme  Court.  This 
position  he  tilled  for  twenty-eight  years,  exhibiting  powers  of  mind  and 
ili'iiu-nts  of  character  that  gained  universal  respect.  His  opinions  on  com- 
UK.'rcial  la\v'  are  considered  among  the  most  valuable  contributions  to  juris- 

'  .\  large  part  of  these  facts  have  been  kiudly  giveu  by  a  daughter-in4a\v  of  Mrs. 

^  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  as  ^Nlay  13,  1768,  by  his  daughter-iu-law,  Mrs.  :Mary 
1'.  Putnam,  and  ilrs.  Arthur  T.  Lyman.  Several  other  authorities  give  it  as  April 
13,  17G8. 


prudence  to  be  iouiid  in  tlie  Reports  of  the  State  of  Massachusetts.  W!ii!.. 
at  the  bar,  Judge  rutnani,  like  his  associates,  was  an  ardent  ..f 
the  school  of  Washington,  Hamilton,  and  Pickering,  and  took  a  decided 
interest  in  public  atlairs.  His  zeal  in  politics  had  no  reference  to  ofliee  (-r 
political  promotion,  which  he  never  sought,  and  which  he  was  always  relnr- 
tant  to  accept  when  it  was  pressed  upon  him.  He  removed  with  his  flimilv 
from  Salem,  in  1833,  to  Boston,  and  at  first  lived  on  Essex  Street,  and  after- 
wards on  Allston  Street.  His  summer  home  was  the  ancestral  farm  at 
Danvers,  which  had  descended  to  him  in  a  direct  line  from  the  tir>t 
Nathaniel  Putnam.  He  cherished  this  farm,  and  loved  to  set  out  trees, 
whose  full  growth  only  his  posterity  could   see. 

Judge  Putnam  was  a  man  of  unsullied  character,  and  enjoyed  the 
friendsliip  of  a  wide  and  distinguished  circle  of  friends.  His  house  was 
noted  for  its  hospitality.  He  was  remarkably  fond  of  music  and  society. 
He  had  a  large  and  interesting  family,  the  daughters  being  quite  famous 
for  their  beauty  and  musical  talent.  His  children  all  removed  to  Boston  at 
about  the  same  time,  and  all  grouped  themselves  around  him.  Twice  a 
week  in  winter  the  whole  family  came  together.  Many  visitors  joined 
these  gatherings,  and  as  there  were  a  large  number  of  grandcliildren,  the 
rooms  were  always  well  hlled.  As  a  host,  Judge  Putnam  had  a  peculiar 
charm  of  manner,  which  made  his  welcome  and  his  conversation  delightful 
to  his  guests.  He  was  an  accomplislied  horseman,  and  made  a  fine  appear- 
ance on  horseback.  After  he  had  grown  to  be  an  old  man,  he  rode  out 
every  day  till  he  was  nearly  eighty  years  old.^ 

The  portrait  of  him  which  is  here  reproduced  was  painted  by  Chester 
Harding.  It  is  now  in  the  possession  of  his  grandson,  Augustus  Lowell,  of 
Boston.     A  heliotype  of  his  residence  in  Salem  is  also  given. 

Samuel  Putnam  was  a  son  of  Gideon  and  Hannah  (Brown)  Putnam,  of 
Danvers.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  faraihes :  Putnam,  Hutch- 
inson, Bosworth,  Bacon,  Richardson,  Giles,  Morse,  Brown,  Raymond. 
See   Ancestry  T.\bles   -jy. 

^  A  Discourse  on  the  Life  and  Character  of  Samuel  Putnam,  by  Rev.  C.  A.  Bartol ; 
Obituaries  in  the  Boston  Daily  Advertiser  of  July  6,  1853,  and  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
July  8,  1S53;  also  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XV.  p.  291. 

BUILT    IX    1769. 




U  /is^ 

1     \i^\.  ■  :      J 

\.r/     A  \ 

SM  -  ■  &  ^  J?^»»iaa.  ■a>fe.:^.iim^w.o^^^^-JS 


'){).  \l.  1(J4.  Mary  Wingate  [Eunice  5G-57.  V.  23],  bom  in  Hamp- 
ton Falls,  X.  n.,  died  in  Stratham,  N.  H. 

Mrs.  Wig-gin's  gravestone  is  still  standing  in  the  Burying  Ground  of 

5G.  VI.  104-  Andmr  Wifff/ln,  her  husband,  born  in  Stratham,  N.  H., 
died  in  Stnithara.     A  farmer.     Residence  :  Stratham.^ 

^Majnr  "Wig-gin  T^-as  a  prominent  citizen,'  holding  the  ofHce  of  magis- 
trate, lie  ^vas  also  a  major  in  the  militia.  By  his  first  -ivife,  ilary  Hill, 
or  Mary  Bra ckett,"  whom  he  married  Jan.  29,  1774,  he  had  the  follow- 
ing child :  — 

Mary   Ys'iggis,   born   Oct.  9,  1780.      She   married    George   Hilton,   Esq.,  of   New- 
market, X.  H. 

Major  Wiggin's  ancestor,  Governor  Thomas  Wiggin,  came  to  New 
Hampshire  in  1(331  as  agent  for  the  proprietary  for  the  Upper  Plantation.  He 
returned  to  England  on  the  business  of  the  Province,  and  by  his  "  good  testi- 
mony," as  Governor  Winthrop  says,  "  in  behalf  of  the  Massachusetts  Colony," 
did  much  to  avert  the  evils  that  threatened  it  from  the  enmity  of  Gorges 
and  Mason.  On  his  retm-u  to  New  Hampshire,  he  brought  with  him  a  con- 
siderable lumiber  of  families  from  the  west  of  England.  He  continued  at 
the  head  of  the  plantation  under  Lords  Say  and  Brooke.  He  was  one  of  the 
principal  men  of  the  Province  during  his  life.  It  is  thought  that  at  the 
present  time  one  half  of  the  inhabitants  of  Stratham  can  claim  him  as  an 
ancestor.  The  estate  owned  and  occupied  by  Major  Wiggin  descended  to 
him  from  Governor  Thomas  Wiggin.^ 

Andrew  Wiggin  was  a  son  of  Andrew  and  Dorothy  (Sweat)  Wiggin.  His 
ancestr\-  includes  the  fuUuwing  families  :  Wiggin,  Bradstreet,  Dudley,  Sweat. 

See  ANCKSTliY  'I'ablks  -^|. 

»  The  date  of  his  birtli  is  given  as  July  2,  1752,  in  Caleb  Wiggiu's  Family  Bible,  -n-hile 
the  History  of  the  Win  gate  Family,  by  C-  E.  L.  Wingate,  p.  153,  and  the  History  of 
Eockingham  County,  N.  H.,  p.  .550,  give  it  as  July  14,  1752. 

'  Given  as  !Mary  Hill  in  Caleb  Wiggin's  Family  Bible,  and  as  llary  Brackett  in  the 
History  of  Eockingham  County,  X.  H.,  p.  550. 

'  The  History  of  Eockingham  County,  X.  H.,  p.  548. 


5G.  VI.  103.  Sarah.  "Wingate  [Eunice  5G-57.  V.  23],  born  in  Ilamptni, 
Falls,  N.  n.,  diud  in  Stnitluim,  N.  H.^ 

56.  VI.  lOo.  Josiah  Bartlett,  her  husband,  born  in  Kingston,  N.  II,, 
died  in  Strathani,  N.  H.     A  physician.     Residence:  Stratham.^ 

Dr.  Bartlett,  like  his  father  and  brothers,  was  a  distinguished  and  popular 
physician  with  a  largo  practice.  He  was  a  politician  of  the  Jefferson  schon], 
and  was  chosen  State  senator  in  1809  and  1810.  In  1810,  he  was  elected  ;i 
representative  in  Congress,  ^vllere  he  served  two  years.  In  1824,  he  was 
one  of  the  presidential  electors,  was  again  chosen  a  State  senator,  and  was 
elected  president  of  the  Senate.  For  several  years  he  served  as  treasurer  of 
Eockinghara  County.  He  continued  the  practice  of  his  profession  until  a 
few  years  before  his  death.  In  1812,  he  married  as  a  second  wife  Miss 
Hannah  "Weeks,  of  Greenland,  N.  H.,  by  whom  he  had  no  children.^ 

Josiah  Bartlett  was  a  son  of  the  Hon.  Josiah  and  Mary  (Bartlett)  Bart- 
lett. His  father  Avas  a  Signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence  and  a 
governor  of  Xew  Hampshii-e.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following  families : 
Bartlett,  Emery,  Webster,  Shatswell,  Webster,  Bartlett,  Emery,  Webster, 
Shatswell,  Hoyt,  Brown,  Huntington,  Bayley,  Hunt.  See  Axcestrt 
Tablks   ^\. 

56.  VI.  lOG.  George  Wingate  [Etinice  56-57.  V.  23],  born  in 
Stratham,  N.  H.,  died  in  Stratham.     A  farmer.     Residence :  Stratham. 

George  Wingate,  H.  C.  1796,  was  for  a  short  time  instructor  of  mathe- 
matics in  Phillips  Exeter  Academy.  He  represented  Stratham  in  the  Legis- 
lature in  1847,  and  was  a  member  of  the  Convention  of  1850  for  revising 
the  constitution  of  New  Hampshire.  He  never  sought  office,  but  was  often 
called  upon  to  serve  as  selectman  and  to  give  advice  and  assistance  in  his 
OAvn  and  neighboring  towns.     He  was  usually  called  "  The  Squire,"  and 

1  The  date  of  her  birth  was  given  by  the  late  John  Wingate  Thornton  and  by  Isabel 
C.  Wingate  as  Nov.  27,  1769,  while  it  is  given  as  Xov.  7,  1769,  in  the  History  of  the 
Wingate  Family,  by  C.  E.  L.  Wingate,  p.  154. 

^  The  date  of  his  death  is  given  as  April  16,  1838,  by  the  Xichols  Family  Records  and 
in  the  Genealogical  and  Biographical  Sketches  of  the  Bartlett  Family  in  England  and 
America,  by  Levi  Bartlett,  and  as  April  6,  1838,  by  the  late  John  Wingate  Thornton. 

'  Genealogical  and  Biographical  Sketches  of  the  Bartlett  Family  in  England  and 
America,  by  Levi  Bartlett,  pp.  57,  58,  and  obituary  in  the  Exeter  News  Letter  of  April,  1838. 


[56.     VI.     106.] 

From  the  Daguf.rrotype,  tvken   akout   1847,  now  in   the  possessiom 
OF  Joseph  C.  A.  Wingate,  Esq.,  of  Stkatham,  N.  H. 


'i,-\ . 


V                1 







'\    \ 


V     - 

i-     . 


•  \   ■ 






-— . 



,  ■-"« 


r— -        ^-^v 




\\;is  [)er!i;i])s  better  cutitled  to  that  uanio  than  any  other  citizen  of  Stratham. 
He  was  (.listingui:5hedfor  his  benevolence  and  urbanity.'  Tliere  is  a  daguer- 
rotypo  of  him,  taken  about  tlie  year  1847,  which  is  owned  by  his  nephew, 
J.  C.  xV.  Wingate,  of  Stratham.     A  heliotype  of  it  is  here  given. 

r)G-."i7.  VI.  107.  John  Wingate  [Eunice  bQ-'u.  Y.  23],  born  in 
Stratham,  X.  H.,  died  in  Sti'atliam.     A  fanner.     Residence:  Stratham. 

^Ir.  Wingate  inherited  the  family  estate,  and  engaged  in  agricultural 
pursuits.  During  the  war  of  1812-1814,  he  was  captain  of  an  artillery 
company  which  was  for  a  time  stationed  at  Portsmouth.  He  was  a  trus- 
t>-e  of  Hampton  Academy,  and  was  especially  prominent  in  the  religious 
work  of  his  own  and  the  neighboring  towns.  He  gave  his  time  and  money 
freely  for  the  support  of  every  good  work.  With  a  meekness  of  deportment, 
an  honesty  of  heart,  and  a  fixedness  of  purpose  which  gained  the  affection 
and  respect  of  every  one  who  knew  him,  lie  seemed  raised  up  to  meet  the 
needs  of  the  church  in  Stratham,  when  its  strength  was  fast  ebbing  away. 
He  was  a  simple,  sincere,  and  godly  man.^ 

.5G-r>7.  A^I.  107.  Sally  Piper,  his  wife,  born  in  Stratham,  N.  H.,  died 
in  Stratham. 

Mrs.  Wingate  was  a  daughter  of  Samuel  and  ^lary  (Robinson)  Piper,  of 
Stratham,  X.  H.      Ancestry  Tables  ^\. 

57.  VI.  lt)S.  Elizabeth  Wingate  [Eunice  56-57.  V.  23],  born  in 
Stratham,  N.  IL,  died  in  Stratham. 

]\Iiss  Wingate  was  a  woman  whose  prominent  traits  were  amiability  and 
kindness.  X  Christian  worker  of  a  truly  charitable  disposition  and  of  no 
ordinary  piety,  she  was  instrumental  in  reviving  the  languishing  and  almost 
dying  hopes  of  the  church  in  Stratham  at  a  time  when  it  was  threatened 
with  extinction.     She  was  also  an  unwearied  worker  in  the  Sunday  School. 

Miss  Wingate  died  in  1S20,  and  was  the  second  person  who  had  ever 

*  J.  C.  A.  Wingate  and  Necrology  of  Alumni  of  Harvard  College,  by  Joseph  Palmer, 
p.  12. 

^  Obituary  in  the  Xen-  Hampshire  Observer  of  Feb.  9,  1831,  written  by  the  Eev. 
Jacob  Cummings,  of  Stratham. 



died  in  the  old  Wiugute  lioiide.  The  other  death  occurred  more  than  c-i^-hiv 
years  previous,  and  yet  the  house  had  been  most  of  the  time  inhabited  b\ 
large  families.^  There  is  a  silhouette  of  her  in  the  possession  of  her  nepliL-w, 
J.  C.  A.  Wingate. 

58.  VI.  109.  Jolin  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  born  in  Salum, 
baptized  there,  died  in  Boston.     A  lawyer.     Residence :  Salem.- 

John  Pickering,  H.  C.  179G,  LL.  D.  1835,  was  sent  by  his  parents  to 
live  in  the  family  of  his  imcle,  John  Pickering,  who  occupied  the  home- 
stead in  Salem.  Here  his  childhood  was  spent  attending  school,  and  hen- 
be  was  fitted  for  college  by  ]Mr.  Thomas  Bancroft.  He  was  an  amiably 
youth  of  a  rather  retiring  and  studious  nature.  Throughout  his  college 
coiu'se,  he  maintained  a  very  high  standard  of  scholarship  and  moralit\' ; 
and  he  had  an  English  oration  as  his  part  at  Commencement.  On  July  24, 
1796,  just  after  Commencement  Day,  his  cousin,  the  Rev.  John  Clarke, 
wrote  to  the  boy's  father  as  follows :  — 

"  I  have  only  time  to  inform  you  that  your  son  did  himself  and  the  college  honor 
bj  his  performance  on  the  commencement  Day.  His  elocution  was  excellent,  and 
made  the  most  favorable  impre.ssion  on  an  admiring  auditory.  It  is  impossible  to 
describe  the  sentiments  of  respect  with  which  he  has  inspired  all  who  know  him.  He 
is,  without  exception,  the  leit  youth  in  the  whole  circle  of  my  acquaintance.  In  com- 
posing the  small  volume  of  letters  which  accompany  this,  I  had  your  son  in  contem- 
plation.    Consider  them  as  addressed  to  your  sou."  ^ 

The  small  volume  of  letters  spoken  of  was  entitled,  "  Letters  to  a  Stu- 
dent in  the  University  of  Cambridge,  ilass..  By  John  Clarke,  Minister  of  a 
Church  in  Boston." 

On  graduating  from  college,  he  entered  the  office  of  Edward  Tilghman, 
of  Philadelphia,  for  the  study  of  law.  He  continued  with  him  about  eiglit 
months,  when  he  accepted  an  appointment  as  Secretary  of  Legation  at  Lis- 
bon. He  remained  at  Lisbon  two  years,  filling  the  position  with  great 
credit,  and  making  marked  improvement  in  his  knowledge  of  foreign  lan- 

'  Obituary  in  the  New  Hampshire  Observer  of  Sept.  30, 1S29. 

^  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  as  Feb.  7,  1777,  by  several  authorities ;  while  it  is 
given  as  Feb.  17,  1777,  in  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  XV.  p.  .315. 
»  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  III.  pp.  203-294. 


[5S.    VI.    109.] 

From  the  Portrait,  paintkd  ev  Chtster  Hardixg,  now  in  the  posses- 
sion OF  John   Pickering.  Escj.,  of  Salem,  Mass. 

;5?>  ^ 





guag:e3.  From  Lisljnii  he  \veiit  to  London,  -wIilto  he  was  Secretary  of 
Legation  under  Rufus  King,  tlie  United  States  Minister  to  Enghmd.  Be- 
fore coming  home  he  spent  four  raontlis  in  travel  on  tlie  Continent.  He 
left  Enghiud  for  home  in  August,  LSOL  Just  before  his  departure,  Mr. 
King  wrote,  on  the  sixteenth  of  August,  to  Colonel  Pickering  as  follows:  — 

"  As  your  son  will  in  a  few  days  leave  me  to  return  home,  I  cannot  omit  the  occa- 
sion to  renew  to  you  my  concrratulations  upon  his  good  conduct  and  amiable  disjiosition. 
During  the  time  he  has  been  ^vitli  me  he  has  been  uniformly  prudent  and  industri- 
ous ;  his  information,  to  which  he  is  constantly  making  useful  additions,  is  much 
greater  and  more  extensive,  as  well  as  correct,  than  we  commonly  find  in  young  men 
of  his  age  ;  and  what  you  will  judge  of  equal  iniportance,  his  moral  character  is  pure 
and  unblemished.  In  a  word,  you  will  find  in  him  what  I  am  sorry  to  part  with, — 
an  instructive  companion  and  a  prudent  friend."  ' 

On  his  return  to  Salem,  he  entered  the  law  office  of  his  cousin.  Judge 
Samuel  Putnam,  to  fit  himself  for  his  chosen  profession.  Early  in  March, 
1804,  he  was  admitted  to  the  bar,  and,  on  the  sixth  of  the  same  month,  he 
opened  his  office  in  Salem. 

While  in  Europe,  'Sh:  Pickering  had  collected  a  choice  library,  and  in 
his  leisure  moments  he  continued  to  indulge  in  his  favorite  study  of  the 
languages.  In  1806,  he  was  chosen  Hancock  Professor  of  Hebrew  and 
other  Oriental  languages  in  Harvard  College,  but  this  appointment  he 
declined.  In  1809,  he  was  elected  a  corresponding  member  of  the  Anthol- 
ogy Society.  In  1810,  lie  was  made  a  Fellow  of  the  x\merican  Academy  of 
Arts  and  Sciences;  and,  in  1839,  he  succeeded  Dr.  Bowditch  as  its  presi- 
dent. He  was  asked  to  accept  the  Greek  professorship  at  Harvard  College, 
but  this  also  he  declined. 

In  1812,  1814,  and  in  1826,  he  represented  Salem  in  the  General  Court. 
In  1814,  lie  Avas  appointed  attorney  for  Essex  County.  In  1815-1816,  he 
represented  Essex  County  in  the  Massachusetts  Senate.  In  1816,  he 
published  his  Vocabulary.-  In  1818,  he  was  a  member  of  the  Governor's 
Council,  and  in  the  same  year  he  was  chosen  one  of  the  overseers  of  Har- 

*  Life  of  John  Pickering,  by  his  daughter,  :Mary  Orne  Pickering,  p.  199. 
'  A  Vocabulary  or  Collection  of  Words  and  Phrases  which  have  been  supposed  to  be 
peculiar  to  the  United  States  of  America. 


vard  College.  In  182G,  he  published  his  Greek  Lexicon.'  In  1«27,  he 
removed  to  Bostou,  and  rented  a  house  on  Franklin  Street.  His  law  ollicL' 
was  on  Court  Street.  He  was  welcomed  with  great  cordiality  by  a  large 
circle  of  friends,  relatives,  and  new  acquaintances.  In  1828,  he  served  as  an 
alderman  of  the  city,  and  in  the  same  year  was  chairman  of  the  committee 
of  the  Latin  School.  In  1829,  he  represented  Suffolk  County  in  the  State 
Senate.  In  tliis  year  he  was  chosen  city  solicitor  of  Boston,  and  he  re- 
tained this  office  till  1846.  In  the  year  1829,  he  was  also  \'ice-pre3ident 
of  the  Boston  Society  for  the  Diffusion  of  Useful  Knowledge. 

In  August,  1832,  he  removed  to  No.  75  Beacon  Street.  In  this  and  the 
adjoining  house  he  lived  for  nine  years.  In  June,  1833,  he  was  chosen  orator 
of  the  Phi  Beta  Kappa  Society ;  but  he  declined  to  accept  the  position.  In 
the  course  of  the  following  years,  he  was  elected  an  honorary  member  of 
the  Pennsylvania  Historical  Society,  a  corresponding  memher  of  the  Philo- 
sophical and  Historical  Class  of  the  Royal  Academy  of  Science  of  Prussia, 
a  corresponding  member  of  the  Oriental  Society  of  Paris,  and  a  member  of 
the  Massachusetts  Society  of  the  Cincinnati. 

Although  he  was  much  in  public  life,  his  tastes  were  those  of  a  man  of 
letters.  He  was  best  known  as  a  distinguished  scholar  and  author  and  by 
his  connection  with  learned  societies.  There  were  few  so  eminent  in  schol- 
arship as  he,  and  none  so  skilled  in  the  modern  and  Indian  languages.  He 
was  more  or  less  ftimiliar  with  twenty-two  languages.  Besides  being  the 
author  of  several  books,  he  contributed  important  papers  to  the  periodicals 
of  the  time. 

Mr.  Pickering  was  a  tall  man  of  commanding  presence,  but  benignant 
and  courteous.  He  had  a  small,  well-formed  mouth,  a  Roman  nose,  and  a 
serene  and  ample  forehead.  Familiarity  with  the  diplomatic  circles  of 
European  Courts  had  added  to  his  natural  dignity  of  presence,  and  had 
given  a  polished  refinement  to  the  courtesy  and  gentleness  of  his  manners. 
Pure  and  elevated  in  mind  and  heart,  in  taste  and  feeling,  he  was  at  the 
same  time  beloved  as  a  Christian  gentleman,  and  admired  as  a  learned  and 
accomplished  scholar. 

'  A  Compreliensive  Lexicon  of  the  Greek  Language,  adapted  to  the  use  of  Colleges 
and  Schools  in  the  United  States. 

Pjya  ->  -      -  - 





PICKERING   AT   SALEM,  MASS.,  BUII.T    IN   1S14-15. 



"In  1839,  a  bust  was  made  of  3Ir.  rickeriiiy,  by  the  sculptor  Henry 
Dexter,  of  Boston.  Several  plaster  casts  were  made  from  it  for  the  family, 
who  regarded  the  likeness  as  excellent  in  evei'}'  '^vay.  His  portrait  w\as 
painted  by  Chester  Harding,  and  is  now  in  the  Pickering  house  at  Salem. 
It  was  engraved  for  the  volume  of  his  Life,  by  his  daughter.  The  engrav- 
ing is  here  given.  A  heliotype  is  also  given  of  the  brick  block  on  Chest- 
nut Street,  Salem,  which  was  built  l)v  ^Ir.  Pickering  and  his  brother,  Henry 
Pickering.     ^Ir.  Pickering  moved  into  it,  Dec.  10,  1815. 

The  diplomas  which  Mr.  Pickering  received  from  the  learned  so- 
cieties of  which  he  was  elected  a  member  are  at  the  Pickering  house  in 

58.  VI.  100.  Sarah  White,  the  wife  of  John  Pickering,  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pickering  were  doubly  related,  being  first  cousins  once 
removed  through  the  Pickering  family,  and  second  cousins  through  the 
White  family. 

It  was  while  on  a  visit  to  her  relations  in  Massachusetts  that  she  met  her 
future  husband.  They  were  married  in  the  western  parlor  of  the  old  man- 
sion, and  began  housekeeping  on  Chestnut  Street.  According  to  the  custom 
of  the  time  for  receiving  bridal  visits,  they  were  dressed  in  bridal  attire 
every  afternoon  for  two  successive  weeks,  and  received  the  ceremonious 
visits   of  their  friends. 

May  5,  1805,  she  and  her  husband  were  admitted  to  full  communion 
with  the  Rev.  Dr.  Prince's  Church  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Pickering's  husband  was  greatly  indebted  to  her  for  the  wise  judg- 
ment, the  executive  ability,  the  faithful  economv,  and  the  generous  hospi- 
tality with  which  she  conducted  his  household.  She  relieved  him  of  domestic 
care,  and  gladly  gave  him,  unasked,  his  quiet  hours  for  stud^-  and  the  society 

^  The  Life  of  John  Pickfrini:,  by  his  daughter,  ilary  Orne  Pickering,  from  which  the 
greater  part  of  the  above  sketch  has  been  made  ;  Appleton's  Cyclopaedia  of  American 
Biography,  Vol.  Y.  p.  3;  A  ilemoir  in  the  ^Massachusetts  Historical  Society,  Third  Series, 
Vol.  X.  pp.  204-224;  The  American  Biographical  Dictionary,  by  William  Allen,  p.  GG2  : 
and  Dictionary  of  American  P.iography,  by  Francis  S.  Drake,  p.  716.  ^Many  notices  of 
him  appeared  in  the  Boj^ton  and  Salem  papers  at  the  time  of  his  death. 


of  his  friends.      Slie  full}-  appreciated  all  the  knowledge  aud  honor  the.-u 
hours  gained  for  him.' 

Her  number  in  direct  de.-cent  is  [49.  VII.  2G8]. 

58.  VI.  110.  Timothy  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  born  in 
Philadelphia,  Pa.,  baptized  there,  died  at  Starucca,  Pa.     Residence  :  Starucra. 

Timothy  Pickering,  H.  C.  1799,  did  not  have  the  scholarly  tastes  of  his 
brother  John,  and  left  college  with  a  strong  repugnance  to  academical  life 
and  the  learned  professions.  He  was  of  an  independent  mind,  and  an  active 
life  accorded  better  with  his  tastes.  He  obtained  a  midshipman's  warrant, 
and  was  ordered  to  the  frigate  Philadelphia.  On  his  return  from  his  cruise, 
he  heard  that  his  father  had  gone  into  the  woods.  Realizing  the  hardships 
incident  to  such  a  life,  and  seeing  that  war  with  France  would  not  occur, 
he  resigned  his  place  in  the  navy  and  joined  his  father.  He  selected  for  his 
abode  the  Starucca  tracts  about  two  miles  south  of  the  State  of  New  York, 
on  the  east  bank  of  the  Susquehanna  River.  His  life,  however,  was  soon 
cut  short  by  a  distressing  throat  disease,  and  he  was  buried  at  Starucca. 
Another  account  states  that  he  was  mortally  injured  by  a  falling  tree,  which 
apparently  struck  his  neck,  and  that  he  died  several  weeks  after.^ 

His  character  was  strong  and  decided.  He  was  a  man  of  few  words,  of 
an  independent  spirit,  of  immovable  integrity,  of  the  purest  morality,  and 
of  marked  energ}'.  As  a  naval  officer  he  Avas  intrepid  and  efficient.  His 
integrity  and  meekness  gained  him  the  esteem  of  all,  and  the  poor  neigh- 
bors whom  he  employed  viewed  him  with  the  respect  and  affection  that 
children  feel  for  a  father.'' 

58.  VI.  110.  Lurena  Cole,  the  wife  of  Timothy  Pickering,  born  in 
Farmington,  Conn.,  died  in  Boston. 

On  the  death  of  her  husband,  Mrs.  Pickering  and  her  children  became 
inmates  of  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering's  family, — an  event  which  added 
great  happiness  to  his  life.     At  this  time  he  writes  of  her:   "  I  am  more  and 

*  Life  of  John  Pickering,  by  his  daughter,  ifary  Orne  Pickpriug. 
'  Told  by  bis  widow,  Lureua  Pickeriug,  to  her  daughter-in-law,  Charlotte  Pickering. 
'  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  III.  pp.  43,  325-326, 
and  VoL  IV.  pp.  31,  32,  113,  117,  111). 



[5S-     VI.     III.] 
FkOM  THK  Miniature  by  Richard,  PAiNxrD  in  Paris,  Fr.^nce,  ix 



inore  pleasod  witli  the  g-ood  sense  and  discretion  of  Lurena."  ^  In  a  letter 
to  his  wife,  dated  at  Washington,  Feb.  21.  1808,  lie  thus  alludes  to  her: 
"  Tier  p-ood  sense  and  amiable  qualities  entitle  her  to  our  love.  For  these 
and  for  her  husband's  sake  she  will  be  ever  dear  to  us."  Iler  sweet  and 
b(.'autiful  temperament,  her  cheerful  spirit  and  manners,  and  her  practical 
wisdom  were  of  great  value  to  all  the  inmates  of  tlie  family.  She  was  the 
companion  of  Colonel  Pickering  and  his  wife  to  the  end  of  their  days,  and 
proved  a  constant  blessing  to  tliem.  She  gradually  assumed  the  manage- 
ment of  the  household,  and  relieved  them,  as  they  grew  older,  of  burdens 
they  were  becoming  less  able  to  bear." 

3Irs.  Pickering  was  a  woman  of  decidedly  scholarly  tastes,  and  read 
Rees'  Cyclopa}dia  from  beginning  to  end.  During  the  latter  part  of  her 
life  she  was  much  interested  in  the  treatment  of  the  Indians,  in  travels  in 
the  East,  and  in  various  matters,  such  as  the  treatment  of  ]\Iary  Queen  of 
Scots  and  the  mystery  of  the  Man  in  the  Iron  Mask.  She  devoted  a  great 
deal  of  labor  and  time  to  tapestry  work,  and  executed  about  thirty  large 
pictures  of  landscapes,  figures,  flowers,  etc.  She  continued  this  tapestry 
work  even  to  the  last  year  of  her  life. 

She  was  a  daughter  of  Zebulon  and  Sarah  (Hart)  Cole,  of  Wells,  \t. 
See  A2,-CESTRY  Tables    |V. 

58.  VI.  111.  Henry  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  born  at  New- 
burgh,  N.  Y.,  probably  baptized  in  Philadelphia,  died  in  Xew  York,  of 
apoplexy.     A  merchant.     Residence :  Salem.^ 

Henry  Pickering  did  not  go  to  college,  but  entered  the  counting-room 
of  a  merchant  in  Philadelphia.  When  his  father  decided  to  go  into  the 
woods,  Henrv  felt  it  his  duty  to  join  him,  and  at  once  gave  up  his  situation 
and  went  with  liim.  From  that  time  his  life  was  one  of  filial  love  and  duty, 
watching  over  and  caring  for  his  parents  with  the  utmost  constancy,  fidelity, 
and  tenderness.     On  the  removal  of  the  family  to  Massachusetts,  he  resumed 

1  The  Life  of  Timotliy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  IV.  p.  110. 

^  Ibid.  Vol.  IV.  p.  120. 

»  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  IV.  p.  396,  gives  the 
date  of  his  death  as  May  9,  1S3S ;  but  the  Salem  Gazette  of  May  1.5,  1S38,  the  Gardner 
Family  Records,  and  Francis  H.  Lee,  all  give  it  as  May  8,  1S38,  as  it  is  given  on  the  Sheets. 


his  business  life,  and  in  November,  1803,  he  entered  the  countiny-rooui  cf 
his  cousin,  Pickering  Dodge,  of  Salem.  He  engaged  successfully  in  com- 
mercial enterprises,  and  accumulated  a  haudsome  estate.  A  commercial 
re%Tilsion  swept  away  his  property,  and  he  went  to  New  York  to  make  a 
new  start.  He  failed,  liowever,  in  this,  owing  to  the  previous  embarrass- 
ments of  the  firm  with  which  he  was  connected.  Finding  that  all  endeavor,> 
to  recover  his  affairs  were  useless,  he  went  to  Newburgh,  N.  Y.,  where  he 
maintained  himself  by  literary  work.  In  1837  he  was  editor  of  the  Scien- 
tific Journal,  published  in  Boston. 

Although  not  a  college  graduate,  he  was  familiar  with  Latin,  Greek,  and 
French  literature.  He  collected  works  of  art,  was  a  connoisseur  in  statuary, 
had  studied  architecture  as  a  science,  and  was  something  of  a  poet.  An 
edition  of  his  poems  was  published  in  1831.  He  took  an  interest  in  the 
genealogy  of  his  family,  and  made  notes  upon  the  subject.  Mr.  Pickering 
used  a  bookplate  engraved  with  the  crest  of  a  demi-lion.  He  also  had  a 
seal  engraved  with  a  demi-lion  and  his  initials  under  it;  also  one  of  Picker- 
ing quartering  the  arms  of  White.  These  are  in  the  possession  of  his  nephew, 
Henry  Pickering.  He  was  a  man  of  great  refinement  and  cultivation,  and 
was  very  much  beloved  by  all  his  kindred  and  friends.  In  person  he  was 
five  feet  eleven  inches  in  height,  with  a  dignified  and  commanding  presence. 
His  countenance  was  of  a  Roman  cast.  He  was  at  one  time  (1S07)  engaged 
to  Elizabeth  Peirce  [43.  VII.  211]. 

A  miniature  of  him,  painted  in  London,  is  in  the  possession  of  his  grand- 
nephew.  Dr.  Henry  Pickering  Bowditch.  Another,  of  wdiich  a  heliotype  is 
here  given,  was  painted  in  Paris  in  1812  by  Piichard.  It  is  owned  by  his 
nephew,  Henry  Pickering.^ 

58.  VI.  112.  Charles  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  born  at  Phila- 
delphia, Pa.,  baptized  there,  died  at  Germantown,  Pa.,  of  consumption. 

He  was  a  boy  of  brilliant  promise  and  engaging  qualities,  distinguished 
for  his  sagacity  and  fortitude,  as  well  as  for  generous  and  amiable  virtues." 

1  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham.  Vol.  IV.  pp.  412-425 ; 
Dictionary  of  American  Biography,  by  Francis  S.  Drake,  p.  716  ;  Cyclopaedia  of  American 
Literature,  Vol.  II.  pp.  25-2S,  by  Evert  A.  and  George  L.  Duyckinck,  which  contains  a 
portrait;  also  an  obituary  notice  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  May  15,  1838. 

»  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  Vol.  III.  p.  286. 







I ") 


3J^na.VA;4^.1J-*,-iMi  ...^   .-a.JKf.i.V.tHTlift-t.-l. 

[5S.     VI.     .16.] 

From  the  N'ecati\  e 

<    THE   P0S3K 
OK    bOiTON 

jK  Henkv  Pickering,  Es 


58.  VI.  llo.  William  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  bom  at 
riiiliidelphia,  Pa.,  baptized  there,  died  at  Phihidelphia. 

In  the  winter  of  1802-3  lie  showed  signs  of  mental  derangement.  The 
disorder  gradually  increased,  and  in  1807  he  was  sent  to  the  Pennsylvania 
Hosj)ital,  Philadelpliia.  He  did  not  improve,  however,  and  his  mind  became 
more  and  more  feelde  until  the  time  of  his  death.^ 

58.  VI.  115.  George  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  born  in  Wilkes- 
barrc,  Pa.,  died  at  Charlestown,  Mass. 

George  Pickering  was  a  youth  of  fine  promise.  lie  attended  both  the 
Exeter  and  Andover  Academies,  and  was  admitted  to  Harvard  College  at 
the  same  time  witli  his  brother  Octavius.  From  a  letter  of  his  father,  dated 
March  29,  180G,  it  appears  that  he  had  decided  to  study  divinity.  xVbout  a 
year  after  entering  college,  he  shoTv'ed  signs  of  mental  derangement,  and 
was  taken  home  to  Wenham.  For  a  while  he  did  a  little  work  on  tlie  farm  ; 
])ut  he  grew  worse,  and  was  finally  sent  to  the  asylum  at  Charlestown, 
where  he  remained  until  he  died.^ 

58.  VI.  116.  Octavius  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  born  at 
WilkesbaiTe,  Pa.,  died  in  Boston.     A  lawyer.     Residence :  Boston. 

Octa\-ius  Pickering,  H.  C.  1810,  created  a  favorable  impression  on  his 
friends  while  he  pursued  his  studies  in  college.  Under  date  of  March  29, 
ISOG,  his  father  viTites  to  his  wife  as  follows  :  — 

"The  capacity  and  disposition  of  Octavius  vrill  insure  him  all  the  advantages 
which  a  young  man  can  wish  for,  in  any  profession  he  shall  choose — divinity,  law 
or  physic,  or  in  merchandise,  should  he  prefer  that  course  of  life.  Should  he  go  into 
the  counting  room  of  a  wealthy  and  honorable  merchant  I  persuade  myself  he  would  so 
recommend  himself  to  his  patronage  as  to  insure  him  an  early  establishment  in 
Inisinoss."  ^ 

Mr.  Pickering  chose  law  as  a  profession,  and  began  its  study  in  the  office 
of  his  brother,  John  Pickering.     He  was  a(buitted  to  the  Suffolk  Bar  March  ' 
*>,  1816,  and  opened  an  office  in  Boston.    His  great  accuracy  and  fidelity  led 

'  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickerin-,  by  Charles  W.  Uphain,  Vol.  IV.  p.  G9. 
-  From  a  manuscript  volume  of  letters  in  possession  of  Ileury  Picliering. 


to  his  being  eniployL'rl  in  the  most  responsible  trusts.  He  was  one  of  tin- 
reporters  of  the  Massachusetts  Constitutional  Convention  in  1820,  and  was 
the  writer  of  "  Pickering  Reports."  These  reports  of  the  decisions  of  the 
Supreme  Court  of  Massachusetts  consist  of  twenty -four  volumes,  and  cover 
a  perioil  of  eiglitoen  years,  from  1822  to  1840.  Soon  after  giving  up  li;> 
position  of  reporter,  3Ir.  Pickering  took  his  family  abroad,  and  remained 
in  England  and  on  the  continent  for  seven  years,  returning  home  in  1841). 
Neither  before  nor  after  his  stay  abroad  was  he  ever  actively  engaged  in 
the  practice  of  his  profession. 

Octavius  Pickering  was  an  assiduous  reader  and  student  of  history. 
For  many  years  he  w^as  engaged  in  arranging  and  preparing  for  publica- 
tion the  large  collection  of  papers  left  by  his  father.  The  first  volume  of 
the  life  of  his  father,  which  came  down  to  the  year  178G,  was  published  bv 
him  in  the  fall  of  1867.  This  was  the  first  of  several  volumes  which  lie 
proposed  to  publish  as  fast  as  circumstances  would  permit,  but  he  was  pre- 
vented from  carrying  out  his  plans.' 

He  was  much  interested  in  science  and  natural  history,  and  was  for 
many  years  a  memljer  of  the  American  Academy  of  Arts  and  Sciences,  and 
was  one  of  those  who,  in  December,  1814,  organized  "  The  New  England 
Society  foi-  the  Promotion  of  Natural  History."  Mr.  Pickering's  religious 
views  were  those  of  a  Unitarian.  He  was  of  a  quiet,  retiring  disposition, 
domestic  in  his  habits,  fond  of  study  and  of  book.s,  a  genial,  witty  companion, 
a  kind  friend,  and  was  beloved  and  respected  by  those  who  knew  him  best.^ 
His  son,  Henry  Pickering,  has  an  excellent  crayon  portrait  of  his  father. 
The  heliotype  here  given  is  from  a  photograph  from  life. 

58.  Yl.  116.  J<tne  Pratt,  the  wife  of  Octax-ius  Pickering,  born  in 
England,  died  in   Boston. 

Mrs.  Pickering  lived  in  Turtenham  Court  Road,  just  out  of  London, 

*  The  Life  of  Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  was  finished  by  Rev.  Charles  W.  Upiiam  in 
three  additional  volumes. 

^  The  Life  of  Timotliy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Uphara,  Vol.  IV.  pp.  410-111 ;  obit- 
uary notices  in  the  Boston  Daily  Advertiser  of  Friday,  Xov.  6,  18(38  ;  and  in  the  BostoTi 
Evening  Transcript;  Dictionary  of  American  Biography,  by  Francis  S.  Drake,  p.  717; 
Appletou's  Cyclopaedia  of  American  Biography,  Vol.  V.  p.  4. 

[58.    VI.    /;';.] 

From  the  N'euativl  now  in   ihf.  possession  ok  Henry  Pickering,  Esq., 
OF  Boston,  M.vss. 

J." .» 

>  «>  V 


f^iglaud.  She  was  a  good  deal  of  a  traveller,  and  undertook  three  Atlantic 
voyages  without  escort  before  the  days  of  steam  navigation.  Iler  journal 
gives  daily  records  of  these  voyages,  which  took  place  in  sailing  vessels  of 
from  seven  to  nine  hundred  tons.  Her  first  voyage  was  made  for  the 
purpose  of  visiting  her  uncle,  William  Pratt  [52.  YI.  91].  It  was  on  this 
visit  to  Boston  in  the  year  183.')  tliat  she  met  Octavius  Pickering,  whom  she 
afterwards  married.  The  heliotype  here  given  of  ]Mrs.  Pickering  was  taken 
from  ji  photograph  from  life. 

Mrs.  Pickering  was   a  daughter  of  Joseph  and (Peace)    Pratt,  of 

iMigland.  WiU'ojm  Pratt  [52.  VI.  91]  was  her  uncle.  Her  ancestry  in- 
cludes the  following  families:  Pratt,  Storer,  Peace.    See  Axcestky  Tables  l\. 

58.  VI.  117.  Mary  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  twin  of  Eliza- 
beth [58.  VI.  118],  born  in  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  died  in  West  Roxbury,  Mass. 

Mrs.  Nichols'  enrly  childhood  was  passed  in  Philadelphia,  where  her 
father  resided.  In  1801,  Colonel  Pickering  removed  to  his  native  home  in 
Essex  County,  ^lass.,  — tlie  family  making  the  long  journey  in  a  private 
carriage.  They  lived  successively  in  Beverly  and  Danvers,  and  afterwards 
on  Colonel  Pickering's  farm  in  Wenham,  where  the  education  of  herself 
and  sister  was  for  a  time  intrusted  to  the  Rev.  Dr.  Anderson,  a  noted  divine 
of  AVenham  or  its  vicinity. 

In  1813,  on  her  marriage,  slie  removed  to  Salem,  where  her  hu.sband 
was  settled  as  a  lawyer.  In  1824,  they  removed  to  Boston,  in  which  place, 
and  in  Canton,  Mrs.  Nichols  resided  until  a  few  years  after  the  death  of  her 
husband.  In  1854,  Mrs.  Nichols  removed  with  her  children  to  West 
Roxbury,  where  she  resided  until  her  death,  in  1863.  Mrs.  Nichols,  like 
her  father,  was  a  great  lover  of  country  life,  and  devoted  much  time  to 
horticultural  pursuit.s. 

She  was  a  woman  of  great  activity,  energy,  and  industry,  though  not 
possessing  great  physical  health.  These  qualities  were  shown  in  the  care 
of  her  famil}-,  in  clerical  assistance  given  to  her  husband  in  early  years, 
upon  the  many  changes  of  the  family  residence,  and  in  long  and  frequent 
journeys  taken  on  account  of  the  health  of  her  husband  and  children. 
She  made  two  journeys  with  him  to  South  Carolina  and  Georgia  in  1835 


and  1837,  travelling  home,  before  the  day  of  railroads,  through  the  d.-,  t, 
sands  and  corduroy  roads  of  the  Carolinas,  and  fording-  streams.  Of  the».- 
journeys  she  often  spoke.  In  1857-58,  she  passed  a  year  in  Europe  with 
her  children  and  a  niece,  travelling  for  weeks  by  carriage  in  Italy,  tli.' 
Tyrol,  and  Switzerland,  and  crossing  the  Alps  many  times,  sometimes  on 

She  was  a  most  devoted  wife  and  mother  at  all  times ;  and  this  was 
especially  shown  during  frequent  illnesses  in  her  family,  and  a  long, 
painful,  and  fatal  illness  of  a  daughter. 

She  was  fond  of  literature,  and  had  a  decided  poetic  taste,  and  wrote 
much  poetry  for  the  amusement  of  her  children.  She  was  familiar  with  tht- 
poets  of  the  eighteenth  century,  and  often  cjuoted  from  them,  especially 
from  Goldsmith  and  her  favorite,  Cowper. 

Mrs.  Nichols  was  a  woman  of  a  very  affectionate  and  gentle  natm-e,  and 
at  the  same  time  was  distinguished  for  firmness,  endurance,  decision,  and 
good  judgment. 

58.  VI.  117.  Benjamin  Hopes  XiclioJs,  the  husband  of  ^lary  Picker- 
ing, born  in  Portsmouth,  N.  H.,  baptized  in  Salem,  Aug.  13,  17'JS,  died  in 
Boston.     A  lawyer.     Residence :  Boston. 

When  Mr.  Nichols  was  about  seven  years  old  his  parents  returned  from 
Portsmouth,  N.  IL,  to  Salem.  He  gi-aduatcd  at  Hai-vard  College,  in  1804, 
with  distinction.  Ow  leaving  college  he  studied  law.  and  became  a  promi- 
nent lawyer  in  Salem.  He  was  clerk  of  the  town  of  Salem,  and  as  such  he 
put  the  ancient  town  records  in  admirable  order.  In  1818,  he  was  appointed, 
by  the  Legislature  of  Massachusetts,  a  commissioner,  with  the  Rev.  Dr. 
James  Freeman  and  the  Hon.  Samuel  Davis,  to  arrange  the  records  of  the 
Plymouth  Colony,  and  a  large  part  of  the  work  was  done  by  him.  SeA'enteen 
large  volumes  of  copies  of  the  records  were  made  by  him,  and  are  preserved 
in  the  office  of  the  Secretary  of  State.  In  1824,  he  removed  to  Boston,  and 
continued  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  until  his  decease.  About  the 
year  1825,  he  was  employed  by  the  corporation  of  Harvard  College  to  ar- 
range and  systematize  the  accounts  of  the  college.  He  was  also  employed 
by  the  Trustees  of  the  Charity  of  Edward  Hopkins,  in  a  long  and  laborious 

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[58-    VI.    ,,s]. 

PORTRA,T    BV    0„.r.ERT    Sn-ARP.  NOW    tx    THE    PuS.SE.SrO.V    OF 

Mrs.  Tho.mas  Do\aldso.\,  of  Maryland. 


iiue.stigiitiou  oi"  the  title  to  their  large  triict  of  laud  in  the  towiid  of  iloi/kin- 
""ton  anil  Upton,  ^la.-^.s.  lie  wa.s  elected  a  trustee  of  this  charity,  June  30,  1831, 
and  was  its  treasurer,  from  May  3,  1838,  to  April  30,  184^<,  when  he  was  suc- 
ceeded by  his  sou,  Benjamin  White  Nichols,  and,  in  1872,  by  his  grandson, 
Charles  Pickering  Bowditch,  the  present  treasurer, — the  office  thus  having 
been  held  for  more  than  half  a  century  in  one  family,  and,  with  the  excep- 
tion of  one  year,  uninterruptedly. 

Mr.  Nichols  was  solicitor  for  the  l>oston  and  Lowell  Railroad,  and  was  at 
at  one  time  clerk  of  the  Bo.^tou  and  Providence  Railroad.  He  was  treasurer 
of  the  Proprii'tors  of  the  Mill  Pond  Wharf,  of  Boston,  and  president  and 
counsellor  of  the  South  Cove  Cori)oratiou.  Plis  services  to  the  latter  com- 
pany were  very  important  at  the  time  of  its  financial  embarrassment.  He 
was  a  director  and  counsellor  of  the  Sufi'olk  Bank,  and  was  also  a  director 
of  the  Massachusetts  Hospital  Life  Insurance  Company.  Mr.  Nichols  had 
a  great  taste  for  historical  research,  and  ^'i'as  a  member  of  the  Massachusetts 
Historical  Society.  He  was  distinguished  for  great  energy,  industry,  and 
thoroughness,  both  in  his  profession  as  a  lawyer  and  in  all  the  offices  which 
he  filled.^ 

His  number  in  direct  descent  is  [44.  VII.  218]. 

-  58.  VI.  118.  Elizabeth  Pickering  [Timothy  58.  V.  24],  twin  of 
Mary  Pickering,  born  in  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  died  at  Elk  Ridge,  Maryland. 
As  a  young  lady,  she  was  of  a  most  interesting  character,  and  of  uncommon 
personal  attractions.  She  resembled  her  father  so  remarkably,  especially  in 
the  nobihty  of  her  mion,  that  no  one  coidd  fail  to  recognize  the  likeness. 
Of  this  resemblance  to  himself,  her  father  writes  :  — 

"  Wlicn  Elizalieth  has  appeared  in  the  jiallery  of  the  House  of  Representatives, 
she  has  been  at  (jin'e  ilistinguislu-d  and  known  in  a  row  of  her  sex,  by  iier  resemblance 
to  me." 

In  November,  1S15,  while  her  father  was  in  Congress,  she  accepted  an 
urgent  invitation  to  visit  his  friends,  the  Hon.  and  Mrs.  Alexander  Contee 
Hanson,  whose  estate,  Belmont,  was  about  twelve  miles  from  Baltimore.     It 

1  Obituary  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  Friday,  .^tay  5,  1S4S ;  the  :\rassachusett3  Histori- 
cal Society's  Proceedings,  ISSS-l^.w,  p.  427;  also  sketch  by  Benjamin  W.  Nichols. 


was  while  on  tliis  viait  that  she  became  engaged  to  Mr.  Dorsey,  who  was  Mrs. 
Hanson's  brother.  Miss  Pickering  remained  with  her  father  through  the 
winter  and  into  the  spring.  During  this  time  they  were  the  recipients  of 
distinguished  social  attention,  and  Miss  Pickering's  beauty  and  charming 
manners  were  very  much  admired.  Colonel  Pickering  appears  to  have 
been  very  proud  of  his  daughter.  In  a  letter  to  his  wife,  dated  at  "Wash- 
ington, Feb.  12,  181(3,  he  writes  as  follows:  — 

"  Her  beauty  and  good  seuse  procure  attention  wherever  she  goes.  I  have  seen 
many  young  ladies  since  I  left  home,  and  some  handsome  and  agreeable,  but  not  one 
equal  to  E.  in  beauty,  and  of  beauty  you  know  I  profess  to  be  a  judge,  and  in  this  in- 
stance I  am  sure  that  E.  is  not  indebted  to  the  partiality  of  a  father." 

Again,  after  a  ball  at  ^Yashington,  he  says:  "For  personal  beauty  I 
saw  not  one  equal  to  a  certain  Wenham  girl." 

It  was  during  this  visit  to  her  father  that  a  large  miniature  was  painted 
of  her  by  Wood  of  Philadelphia.  It  was  considered  at  the  time  a  beautiful 
picture,  but  it  faded  out  almost  entirely,  and  consequently  was  destroyed 
by  its  owner.  The  pictm-e  here  reproduced  was  painted  by  Stuart.  It  is 
owned  by  Mrs.  Dorsey's  daughter,  Mrs.  Thomas  Donaldson.  A  copy  of  it 
by  Hunt  is  owned  by  the  family  of  Mrs.  Dorsey's  niece,  the  late  Mrs.  J. 
IngersoU  Bowditch. 

58.  W.  lis.  Hammond  Dorset,  the  husband  of  Elizabeth  Pickering, 
born  at  Belmont,  Howard  County,  Md.,  died  in  Baltimore.  A  planter. 
Residence:   "The  Manor,"  Baltimore  County,  Md. 

The  following  description  of  Hammond  Dorsey  is  taken  from  a  letter  of 
Colonel  Timothy  Pickering  to  his  wife,  announcing  the  engagement  of  his 
daughter  Elizabeth.     It  is  dated  Washington,  Jan.  14,  1816  :  — 

"  Of  Mr.  Dorsey's  person  you  vrill  wish  to  know  something.  In  stature  I  should 
say  he  was  above  the  height  of  Mr.  Putnam — in  figure  well  proportioned,  in  features 
not  homely,  nor  handsome,  and  yet  y'ou  may  see  a  plain  reseml)lance  between  him  and 
liis  sweet  sister  Mrs.  Hanson.  He  was  educated  at  Princeton  College,  and  in  the 
conversation  in  which  liis  modesty  permitted  him  but  in  a  small  degree  to  participate, 
he  expressed  himself  with  propriety.  In  age  he  is  younger  than  Elizabeth,  which  I 
should  not  have  suspected  but  his  sister  Hanson  accidentally  mentioned  that  he  was 
twenty-one  when  I  was  at  Belmont  in  Christmas  week." 



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Of  Mr.  Dor.-iLV,  Colonel  rickeriiijjr  a^'-uin  -writfS  a.s  follows:  — 

"  Having  in  repeated  conversations,  become  better  acquainted  with  him,  I  am  able 
to  prououuce  him  possessed  of  an  excellent  understanding;  and  he  manifests  the  evi- 
dences of  a  pure,  liberal,  and  good  heart.  He  is  also  attentive  to  the  management  of 
liis  farm." 

Mr.  Dovsey  was  left  an  orphan  at  an  early  age,  and  was  educated  at 
Princeton  College.  His  father,  ^vho  had  large  iron  furnaces  on  the  Patapsoo 
at  a  place,  about  two  miles  from  his  home,  called  Avalon,  was  a  large  landed 
proprietor,  from  whom  ]\Ir.  Dorsey  inherited  an  estate  called  "  The  Manor." 
It  is  one  of  the  finest  country  places  in  Maryland,  situated  in  Baltimore 
Count)',  eight  miles  from  Baltimore,  and  commanding  a  view  of  the  bay. 
Colonel  Timotliy  Pickering  describes  the  place  in  a  letter  to  his  wife  as 
follows :  •'  Mr.  Dorsey's  house  is  roomy  and  very  convenient.  It 
presents  from  its  elevated  site  an  uncommonly  fine  prospect  of  great 
extent."  Belmont,  the  homestead  of  Mr.  Dorsey's  grandfather,  was  built 
in  1752  of  English  birch.  The  lands  were  given  under  Lord  Baltimore, 
and  the  deeds  bear  his  signature,  and  begin  thus :  "  To  Caleb  Dorsey, 
Gent."  Caleb  Dorsey  owned  such  an  amount  of  land  that  though  his 
coimtry  estate  of  Belmont  was  nine  miles  from  Baltimore,  he  could  ride 
to  that  city  on  his  own  land.  A  heliotype  of  Hammond  Dorsey's  residence, 
which  was  built  in  1818,  is  here  given.^ 

Mr.  Dorsey  died  suddenly,  and  his  remains  were  interred  in  the  family 
burying  ground  at  Belmont.  An  obituary  notice  of  him  which  appeared  in 
the  Baltimore  Patriot  of  Monday,  Feb.  10,  1823,  speaks  of  his  dying 
suddenly  on  Friday  morning  at  his  residence  in  Charles  Street,  Baltimore, 
of  his  leaving  a  numerous  circle  of  friends,  and  of  the  sensibility,  disinter- 
estedness, and  frankness  uniformly  displayed  in  his  life. 

He  was  the  son  of  Edward  and  Elizabi.-th  (Dorsev)  Dorsey.  Thomas 
BunaUson  [58.  VII.  SJ6']  was  his  nephew.  His  ancestry  includes  the  ful- 
lowing  families  :  Dorsey,  Ely,  Warfield,  Hill,  Dorsey,  Todd,  Hammond, 
Bowan.      See  Ancestry  Tables  Jl. 

'  The  Life  of  Timothy  Pickering,  by  Charles  W.  Upham,  Vol.  lY.  p.  318  ;  and  letter 
of  Mrs.  Thomas  Donaldson,  dated  Sept.  28,  1S93. 


59.  Vi.  110.  Liicia  Dodge  [Lucia  59.  V.  25],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  tliere  Dec.  1,  17»!S,  died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Gardner  was  admitted  to  the  First  Chxu-ch,  Salem,  in  September, 
180G.  Tlicre  is  a  silhouette  of  lier  in  the  possession  of  her  grandnephew, 
John  Kobinson. 

59.  VI.  IID.  Jonathan  Gardner,  her  husband,  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  March  16,  1755,  died  in  Salem.  A  merchant.  Resi- 
dence :    Salem. 

Mr.  Gardner  is  said  to  have  been  a  man  of  large  property.  He  o-vM:ied 
a  tan-yard  on  Winter  Street,  Salem.  His  house  stood  on  the  site  of  the 
mansion  of  the  late  Tucker  Daland,  on  Essex  Street. 

His  first  wife,  whom  he  married  Nov.  26,  1791,  was  Sarah  Faii-field. 
She  was  a  daughter  of  Dr.  "William  and  Sarali  (White)  Fairfield,  of  Wenham. 
By  her  he  had  the  following  child:  — 

William  F.  Gakdxer  (II.  C.  1815),  who  died  June  12,  1851.i 

Jonathan  Gardner  was  a  son  of  Jonathan  and  Sarah  (Putnam)  Gardner. 
Samuel  Gardner  [3-5.  V.  S]  was  his  granduncle,  and  Jolin  Gardner  [53.  V. 
W]  was  his  first  cousin  once  removed.  His  ancestry  includes  the  following 
families  :  Gardner,  Frier,  White,  Herbert,  Porter,  Hathorae,  Gardner,  Frier, 
Orne,  Browne,  Weld,  Clap,  3[itchelson,  Bushell,  Putnam,  Porter,  Hathorne, 
Putnam,  Prince.      See  Ancestry  Tables  |g. 

59.  VI.  120.  Israel  Dodge  [Lucia  59.  V.  25],  probably  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence  :   Salem. 

Mr.  Dodge  was  of  the  firm  of  Pickering  Dodge  &  Co.,  merchants,  of 

59.  VL  121.  Caleb  Dodge  [Lucia  59.  V.  25],  probably  born  and  died 
in  Salem. 

He  drowned  himself  in  the  cistern  of  a  distillery  in  a  fit  of  derangement.^ 

59.  VI.  122.  Henry  Dodge  [Lucia  59.  V.  25],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  died  in  Salem. 

'  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collectioos,  Vol.  IV.  pp.  78,  SO. 
^  Nichols  Family  Records. 

~.    ■«»• 



[59      VI.     ,23] 

From  the  Portratt  bv  Kkothincham,  painted  about  iS;o,  ni 
POSSESSION  OF  Mrs.  Wii.lia.m  .\   Lander,  of  Salfm,  M.' 


k^._ .^_ 


[59-     VI.     i:'3] 

From  THE  Portrait  BY  Osr.ooD,  i'aim  eh  i:,   1S40.  now  in  thf  po^^Es^Io^ 
OF  Mr>.  William  A.  Landkr,  of  Salem,  Mass. 


r  - 



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t'  i 
I  i 

S       4^ 


v^^^^l        ■•^. 

-..w^    ;-:>. 

-r^     — 

"    ^:  :m  fl 

7:/°i        .V. 

:—r^      -           Vli 

1    y      -'-Ui 

[59.     VI.     123.] 


59.  VI.  123.  Pickering  Dodge  [Luci.a  59.  V.  25],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence :  Salem. 

^Ir.  Dodge  was  long  known  as  one  of  the  most  active,  enterprising,  and 
honorable  merchants  of  Salem.  He  was  universally  esteemed,  and  his  loss, 
while  in  the  midst  of  a  career  of  enterprise  and  usefulness,  was  regarded  as 
a  public  calamity.  His  funeral  was  attended  by  a  larger  number  of  people 
than  had  been  seen  on  such  an  occasion  for  years.  The  flags  of  the  ship- 
ping in  Salem  harbor  were  at  half-mast  during  the  day  of  the  funeral. 

Pickering  Dodge  was  frank  and  affable  in  manner ;  kind,  open-hearted, 
and  truthful  in  his  disposition ;  sincere  and  benevolent  in  his  feelings,  and 
free  from  all  envy  or  jealousy.  He  was  hospitable,  liberal,  and  public- 
spirited,  and  won  the  esteem  of  all  with  whom  he  came  in  contact.  He 
accomplished  more  than  most  men,  and  lived  a  long  life  in  a  short  period.^ 

The  portrait  of  Pickering  Dodge,  which  is  here  reproduced,  was  painted 
by  Frothingham  about  the  year  1820.  It  is  owned  by  his  daughter,  Mrs. 
William  A.  Lander,  of  Salem.  His  residence  was  on  Chestnut  Street  A 
heliotype  of  it  is  here  given. 

59.  VI.  123.  liehecca  Jenks,  the  wife  of  Pickering  Dodge,  probably 
born  in  Salem,  died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Dodge  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  First  Church  in  Salem,  July 
10,  1804. 

An  obituary  notice  of  Mrs.  Dodge  appeared  in  the  Salem  Gazette 
of  April  1,  1851.  It  speaks  of  her  as  a  woman  of  rare  excellence  in 
her  social,  domestic,  and  religious  relations,  and  adds  that  she  was 
gentle,  kind,  affectionate,  and  confiding,  charitable  in  her  construction 
of  the  acts  of  others,  and  that  her  every  thought  and  deed  was  of  a  high 

Her  portrait  was  painted  by  Osgood  about  the  year  1840.  It  is  owned 
by  her  daughter,  Mrs.  William  A.  Lander.     It  is  here  reproduced. 

Mrs.  Dodge  was  a  daughter  of  Daniel  and  Mary  (Masury)  Jenks,  of 
Salem.     WUUatn  A.  Lander  [59.  VII.  342']  was  her  nephew.     Her  ancestry 

'  Obituary  notices  iu  the  Salem  Register  of  Monday,  Aug.  19,  1833,  and  in  the  Salem 
Gazette  of  Aug.  20,  1833. 



includ'.s  the  folliiwiiiij:  ffimilies:    Jeiiks,  Merriaiu,  Barry,  Newhull,  Potter, 
FaiTar,  Breed,  Ballard,  Masury.     See  Ancestky  Tables  ^\. 

59.  VI.  125.  Catherine  Dodge  [Lucia  59.  V.  25],  probably  born  in 
Salem,  baptized  there  Oct.  13,  1782,  died  in  Salem. 

Her  aunt,  Mrs.  Timothy  Pickering,  in  a  letter  to  her  daughter,  Mrs. 
Donsey,  dated  at  Wenham,  May  5,  1818,  speaks  of  her  death  as  follows: 

"  I  presume  you  have  heard  of  Catherine  Stone's  death.  It  is  a  great  loss  to  her 
mother  as  well  r,s  to  all  her  friends.  I  felt  it  sensibly.  Her  attention  to  me  had 
always  been  marked  with  affection  and  sincerity.  The  babe  when  I  saw  it,  I  thought 
scarcely  as  large  as  Mary's  first.     It  looked  healthy.  .  .  ." 

In  an  obituary  notice  of  Mrs.  Stone,  which  was  printed  in  the  Salem 
Gazette  of  Friday,  ilarch  27,  1818,  it  is  stated  that  in  her  death  society 
had  sustained  a  loss ;  that  she  engaged,  both  from  principle  and  inclination, 
in  the  active  charities  of  life  ;  that  she  had  a  refined  and  enlightened  mind, 
while  in  domestic  scenes  she  displayed  those  affections  and  virtues  which 
can  alone  sweeten  life. 

There  is  a  poor  oil  cabinet-size  portrait  of  her  in  possession  of  her  grand- 
son, Arthur  R.  Stone.  There  is  also  a  good  silhouette  of  her  in  possession  of 
her  grandson,  John  Robinson. 

59.  VI.  125.  John  Stone,  the  husband  of  Catheiine  Dodge,  bom  in 
Reading,  Mass.,  died  in  Salem.     A  merchant.     Residence :  Salem, 

John  Stone  was  brought  up  in  the  store  of  Messrs.  Saxon  &  Wheel- 
wright, wholesale  dealers  and  importers  of  crockery  and  glassware,  Boston. 
In  1803  he  moved  to  Salem,  where  he  became  active  both  as  a  citizen  and 
as  a  merchant.  He  was  an  ensign  in  the  Salem  Independent  Corps  of 
Cadets,  and  a  captain  in  the  Massachusetts  Volunteer  Militia.^  For  many 
years  he  was  a  deacon  of  the  First  Church  in  Salem. 

An  obituary  notice  of  him,  printed  in  the  Boston  Atlas,  was  copied  into 
the  Salem  Gazette  of  Satm-day,  Nov.  24,  1 849.  It  speaks  of  his  warm  and 
generous  heart,  his  kind  and  benevolent  disposition,  his  affectionate  and 
cheerful  spirit,  and  the  rectitude  of  his  life  and  character.  It  also  speaks  of 
him  as  an  upright  citizen,  sincere  Christian,  and  honest  man. 

»  Essex  Institute  Historical  Collections,  Vol.  III.  pp.  182-183. 


[59.     VI.     U5] 

From  the  Portrait  by  (  isooor.,  paintkh  in  1S28,  .now  i.n  the  possession- 
OF  Arfhir  Stone,  Esq..  of  Sat.eni.  Mass. 

■^      \"^  "^-^ 



-     :   ,>i 














y.  •':■;;; 



[59.     VI.     126] 
)M  ti;r  Portrait  pv  Gii.Fi-kT  Stuart,  paintf.d  in  September,  iSry,  now 



lie  inarried  liis  second  wife  May  2,  ISli).  She  was  Mary  HoJj^es,  and 
was  born  in  Salem,  Nov.  17,  1791,  and  died  Dec.  18,  18G9.  Her  father  was 
Jonathan  Hodges,  of  Salem. 

The  hehotype  here  given  is  taken  from  a  portrait  painted  by  Charles 
Osgood  in  1S28.  It  is  in  the  possession  of  Mr.  Stone's  grandson,  Artluu-  R. 
Stone.     Another  grandson,  John  Robinson,  has  a  silhonette  of  him. 

John  Stone  was  a  son  of  the  Rev.  Eliab  and  Sarah  (Hubbard)  Stone,  of 
Reading.  Francis  II.  Storer  [52.  VIH.  oSol  is  his  grandnephevv,  and  John 
H.  Storer  [51.  IX.  10^2']  is  his  great-grandnephew.  His  ancestry  includes 
the  following  families:  Stone,  Garrad,  Howe,  Moore,  Brown,  Stone,  Stearns, 
Jones,  Reed,  Jennison,  Peirce,  Cole,  Hubbard,  Merriam,  Rice,  King,  Conant, 
Horton,  "Walton,  Raymond.      See  Ancestry  Tables   Y^. 

59.  VI.  126.  Eliza  Dodge  [Lucia  59.  V.  25]  probably  born  in  Salem, 
baptized  there  Dec.  18,  1785,  as  Elizabeth,  died  in  Salem. 

Mrs.  Devereux  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  First  Church  in  Salem 
Feb.  3,  1811. 

The  first  chapter  In  "  A  Half  Century  in  Salem,"  by  her  daughter,  M. 
C.  D.  Silsbee,  entitled  "  Old  Letters,"  is  made  up  of  extracts  from  the  letters 
of  Eliza  Dodge,  and  they  give  a  very  good  account  of  the  social  life  of 
Salem  when  it  was  in  its  glory.     In  closing  this  chapter  Mrs.  Silsbee  adds : 

"  The  old  yellow  papers  will  now  be  laid  carefully  aside,  perhaps  never  to  be  looked 
at  again.  The  writer  who  exulted  in  prosperity,  a  loving  happy  home,  and  health  so 
perfect  as  to  call  for  constant  gratitude,  was  in  ten  years  from  the  last  date,  1806,  a 
confirmed  invalid ;  but  cheerful  resignation  took  the  place  of  high  spirits ;  the  un- 
selfish heart  never  taxed  the  sympathies  of  those  with  whom,  so  far  as  was  possible, 
she  kept  her  place  as  a  kind  and  cordial  friend.  Conversation  that  she  Hked  so  much, 
and  in  which  she  was  acknowledged  to  be  most  delightful,  was  often  from  necessity 
relinquished  ;  but  to  the  utmost  extent  of  diminishing  strength  she  availed  herself  of 
the  possibilities  of  enjoyment.  To  deep  religious  feeling,  she  added  a  philosophy  that 
kept  her  cnlm  and  self-reliant  in  every  trial.  A  wise  and  efficient  household  guide, 
she  ruled  it  with  firm  and  gentle  sway,  and  she  was  ably  described  in  a  few  words  by 
the  elder  Dr.  Pcirson,  who  although  not  our  family  physician,  made  her  occasional 
friendly  visits  :  '  Mrs  D is  an  alive  woman.'  " 

A  portrait  of  Mrs.  Devereux,  by  Gilbert  Stuart,  painted  in  September, 
1817,  is  in  the  possession  of  her  grandson,  "William  E.  Silsbee,  of  Boston. 
On  the  back  of  the  picture  is  the  following  inscription :  — 


"  Portrait  of  Mrs.  Eliza  Devereux  aged  31  years  10  mo. 

"This  picture  was  painted  29th.  Sept.  1817  by  Gilbert  Stewart.  The  head  from 
the  upper  part  of  the  nose  upward  is  thought  a  likeness  —  the  lower  part  is  wanting 
m  resemblance.     The  figure  is  stiff  much  too  erect  and  totally  unlike. 

"  The  figure  from  the  Ruff  downward  including  drapery,  painted  anew  by  Chester 
Harding  1835." 

A  heliotype  is  here  given  of  this  portrait.  Her  granduephew,  John 
Robinson,  has  a  silhouette  of  Mrs.  Devereux. 

59.  VI.  126.  Huinphreij  Devereux,  the  husband  of  Eliza  Dodge, 
bom  in  Marblehead,  Mass.,  died  in  Salem.    A  merchant.    Residence  :  Salem. 

Humphrey  Dodge,  H.  C.  1798,  was  for  two  years  the  sole  survivor  of 
his  class.  He  began  the  study  of  law  in  the  office  of  John  Lowell,  and  was 
admitted  to  the  Suffolk  Bar ;  but  soon  after  he  pelded  to  a  strong  natural 
taste  for  an  active  business  life,  and  gave  up  his  profession  to  engage  in 
commerce.  As  factor,  agent,  and  owner,  he  made  voyages  to  various  parts 
of  the  world,  visiting  the  East  Indies  and  the  chief  marts  of  Europe.  He 
lived  for  some  time  on  the  continent,  and  made  himself  thoroughly  familiar 
with  the  business,  resources,  and  institutions,  of  Europe,  thereby  qualifying 
himself  for  the  character  he  sustained  through  life,  of  an  enlightened  mer- 
chant. During  the  war  of  1812,  while  in  one  of  his  vessels,  he  was  captured 
by  the  enemy  and  can-ied  to  Bermuda,  where  he  remained  for  many  months. 
He  retired  early  from  the  sea,  and  devoted  his  attention  to  directing-  his 
commercial  enterprises.  Neither  his  tastes  nor  his  ambition  tempted  him 
toward  public  life ;  but  for  more  than  half  a  century  he  was  an  active, 
efficient,  and  eminent  citizen  of  Salem.  He  was  a  man  of  remarkable 
courtesy,  and  of  great  hospitality.  His  love  of  society  was  the  most 
prominent  of  his  characteristics.  He  delighted  in  the  company  of  intelli- 
gent people,  and  particularly  sought  the  companionship  of  the  cultivated 
and  learned.  He  had  striking  pecuharities  of  character  and  ways,  as  all 
strong  minds  have.  He  sometimes  misunderstood  others,  as  others  some- 
times misunderstood  him.  His  decisive  opinions,  energetic  expressions  and 
methods  attracted  occasional  comment ;  but  he  held  on  his  own  course  and 
followed  his  own  convictions  and  tastes.^ 

»  Obituary  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of  June  4,  18C7. 


[59.     VI.     Uti.] 
From  the  Purirait  by  Gilbert   Stuart,  painted  in   Septemrer,  1817, 

NOW     IN     THE     POSSESSION     OF     XaTHANIEI.     DeVEREUX     SILSBEE,    EsQ.. 

OF   Boston. 



n-Jiiiw  ii'.iiy<!iwwj|!i,iimiisJJ~4ii<inii^i 






[59.     VL     136.] 


He  owned  a  farm  near  Marblehead,  at  the  ])lacc  wliicli  is  still  called 
Devereux.  It  was  while  on  a  visit  to  this  farm  that  Longfellow  wrote 
his  "  Fire  of  L»riftwood."  A  hehotype  of  his  house  in  Salem  is  here 

Mr.  Devereux  was  admitted  a  member  of  the  First  Church,  Salem, 
Feb.  3,  1811.  His  portrait  was  painted  by  Gilbert  Stuart  in  September, 
1817,  at  the  age  of  thirty-eight  years,  and  is  owned  by  his  grandson, 
Nathaniel   D.   Silsbee.     A   heliotype  of  it   is   here   given. 

Humphrey  Devereux  was  a  son  of  Dr.  Burrill  and  Elizabeth  (GeiTy) 
Devereux.  His  father  graduated  at  Harvard  College  in  1767,  and  was  a 
physician  of  ]\[arblehead.  His  mother  was  a  sister  of  Elbridge  Gerry,  a 
signer  of  the  Declaration  of  Independence.  Sarah  BurriU  [1-70.  III.  T\ 
was  his  great-grandaunt ;  Lijdia  Gerry  [1.  VII.  3^1^  was  his  lirst  cousin,  and 
Bebecca  Taylor  [6-7.  V.  41  ^'^is  his  first  cousin  once  removed.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families :  Devereux,  Blaney,  King,  Guy  (?),  Burrill, 
Ivory,  South,  Jarvis,  Gerry,  Greenleaf,  Russell,  Elbridge.  See  Ajjcestry 
Tables   |L. 

60-62.  VI.  127.  Hannali  Pickering  [John  60-68.  V.  29],  boni  in 
Salem,  died  in  Andover,  Vt. 

60-62.  VI.  137.  Samuel  Wellington,  her  husband,  died  in  Brattle- 
borough,  Vt.     Residence :  Andover  and  Royalton,  Vt. 

Samuel  Wellington  was  the  eldest  of  his  father's  chiklren.  He  was  one 
of  the  "Green  Mountain  boys,"  and  enlisted  in  the  Revolutionary  army 
when  he  was  but  fifteen  or  sixteen  years  old.  He  was  in  the  battles  of 
Lexington  and  Bunker  Hill,  and  also  at  the  battle  of  White  Plains,  where 
he  received  a  severe  wound  in  his  neck.  In  consequence  of  this  injury  he 
was  discharged  from  the  service.  He  is  said  to  have  served  in  the  war 
of  1812. 

By  his  second  wife,  Experience  Bemis,  he  had  — 

Olivia  Wellington.     She  was  married. 

He  was  a  son  of  Jonathan  and  Lydia  (Fiske)  "Wellington.  Ancestet 
Tables  ^. 


02.  VI.  128.  Nathaniel  Pickering  [John  G0-G8.  V.  21i].  born  in 
Salem.     Residence:  Richmond,  X.  H. 

Mr.  Pickering  moved  from  Richmond  to  the  State  of  Vermont,  and  after- 
wards he  removed  to  Pennsylvania. 

&2.\1.12S.     Olive  Jin ffum,hh^ife. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pickering  were  second  and  third  cousins.  Her  first  hus- 
band, whom  she  married  Oct.  28,  1787  ,was  Jedediah  Biift'um.  Mr.  Buifum 
had  before  this  man-iage,  by  Abigail  Cook,  daughter  of  Jonathan  Cook,  a 
son,  Jedediah  Buffum,  wiio  was  bom  April  7,  1785.^  Mr.  Buifum  com- 
mitted suicide  June  29,  178D.  By  him  his  wife  Olive  had  the  following 
child:  — 

Olive  Buffdm,  born  March  3,  1789.     She  married  Samuel  Pickering  [G8.  YI. 

Mrs.  Pickering's  third  husband  was  a  Mr.  Wilcox.  The  following 
account  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Pickering  is  taken  from  a  letter  of  Mr.  Vi.  H. 
Guernsey  to  Mrs.  Pickering's  great-grandson,  Emmet  H.  Rixford  :  — 

"  After  the  death  of  Jedediah  Buffum,  your  great-grandmother  married  Nathaniel 
Pickering  by  vrhom  she  had  a  considerable  family  of  children.  They  removed  to 
Pennsylvania,  the  '  Susquehanna  country.' 

"  After  the  death  of  Xathaniel  Pickering  she  again  married  a  Wilcox  to  -whom  the 
children  became  much  attached,  and  they  all  removed  together  to  a  southern  state, 
Alabama,  my  mother  thinks." 

Mrs.  Pickering  was  a  daughter  of  Jonathan  and  Hannah  (Estes)  Gaskill, 
of  Cumberland,  R.  I.  Olive  Buffum  [68.  YI.  loS]  was  her  daughter; 
Jane  Hohhij  [1-70.  III.  4']  '^^^  her  great-gi-andmother ;  and  WUUam 
Pickering  [60-70.  IV.  10-'\  was  her  granduncle.  Her  ancestry  includes  the 
following  families:  Gaskill,  Southwick,  Gardner,  Frier,  Pickering,  Flint, 
Hobby,  Estes.      See  Axcestky  Tables  Ji-. 

62.  VI.  129.  William  Pickering  [John  60-68.  V.  29],  born  in  Salem, 
probably  died  at  sea. 

>  The  History  of  the  Town  of  Richmond,  X.  H.,  by  "VTilliam  Bassett,  p.  342. 


63.  Vr.  131.  Eunice  Pickering  [John  60-68.  V.  29],  bom  in  Salem, 
died  in  Barre,  Vt. 

Mrs.  Gale's  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  cemetery  at  Barre. 

63.  VI.  lol.  Ebenexet'  Brooks  Gale,  her  husband,  born  in  Worcester 
County,  Mass.,  died  in  Barre,  Vt.'     A  farmer.     Residence  :  Barre. 

Mr.  Gale  was  a  prominent  citizen  of  Barre.  His  gravestone  was  still 
standing  in  1886  in  the  Baire  cemetery. 

Mr.  Gale's  father  was  a  soldier  of  the  Revolution.  On  tlie  Lexington 
Alarm,  in  April,  177.'),  he  promptly  volunteered  as  a  private  in  the  com- 
pany commandoil  by  Captain  John  Crowl.  In  1777,  he  served  four  months 
in  Colonel  Cushing's  regiment  in  the  Xorthem  Anny,  and  participated  in  the 
victory  over  General  Burgoyne  in  October  of  that  year.  He  lived  in 
Princeton,  Mass.,  in  comparative  independence,  was  a  man  of  good  educa- 
tion, and  occupied  a  high  social  position.  After  the  close  of  the  Revolu- 
tion, he  joined  heartily  in  the  discussions  of  the  day,  and  became  one  of  the 
leaders  in  the  famous  Shaj-s  Rebellion,  in  which  he  was  captain  of  a  com- 
pany. For  this  offence  he  was  arrested  and  sentenced  to  be  hanged ;  but 
he  was  afterwards  pardoned.  He  removed  to  Barre,  Vt.,  about  1790,  where 
he  was  a  highly  respected  citizen.^ 

Ebenezer  Gale  was  a  son  of  Captain  Henry  and  Elizabeth  (Drury)  Gale, 
of  Barre,  Vt.  Sampson  Gale  [68.  VI.  137-'\  was  his  brother.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  fiimilies :  Gale,  Fiske,  Parkhm-st,  Brown,  Garfield, 
Drury.      See  A-vcestry  Tables    J^. 

64-65.  \a  132.  Elizabeth  Pickering  [John  60-68.  V.  29],  bora  in 
Salem,^  died  in  Wallingford,  Vt. 

Mrs.  Ballou's  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  Wallingford 

1  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  as  Nov.  10,  1772,  by  his  grandson  Orlando  C.  Gale.  It 
is  given  as  Xov.  10,  1773,  in  the  Gale  Family  Records,  by  George  Gale,  p.  83. 

»  Ibid.  pp.  78-S-i  and  p.  111. 

•  The  date  of  her  birth  is  given  as  1774,  by  her  granddaughter,  Mrs.  John  Wells,  and  by 
another  authority  as  March  o,  1774  ;  while  in  the  History  and  Genealogy  of  the  Ballou.-^,  by 
Adin  Ballou,  p.  415,  it  is  given  as  Feb.  2,  1773.  This  same  work,  p.  415,  gives  her  marria^re 
as  certified  Xov.  29,  1791 ;  while  it  is  given  in  the  History  of  the  Town  of  Richmond, 
N.  H.,  as  Nov.  29,  1792 ;  and  by  Jlrs.  Wells,  as  1790. 


64-65.  VI.  1J:2.  John  Ballon,  her  husband,  born  hi  Cumberland, 
R.  I.,^  died  in  WalUngford,  Vt.     xV  farmer.     Residence :  WaUingford. 

Mr.  Ballou  resided  for  some  time  in  Richmond,  N.  H.,  from  which 
pLace  lie  moved  to  Shrewsbury,  Vt.  He  afterwards  removed  to  Walling- 
ford,  Vt. 

He  was  a  .son  of  Seth  and  Margaret  (Bartlett)  Ballou,  of  Cumberland,  R.  L, 
who  removed  to  Richmond,  N.  H.  His  ancestry  includes  tlie  following 
families:  Ballou,  Pike,  AVhitman,  Arnold,  Peak,  Smith,  Carpenter,  Arnold, 
Harris,  Cook,  Bartlett     See  Axcestrv  Tables   }\. 

66.  VI.  133.  Theopliiliis  Pickering  [John  60-08.  V.  29],  born  in 
Salem,  probably  died  in  Barre,  Vt.     A  carpenter. 

Mr.  Pickering  removed  from  Richmond,  N.  H.,  to  Montpelier,  Vt.,  where 
he  worked  at  his  trade  on  the  State  House.  He  then  removed  to  Plainfield, 
and  finally  to  Barre,  Vt. 

66.  VI.  133.  Sarah  Bnllock^  his  wife,  probably  bom  in  Richmond,  N.H. 

Mrs.  Pickering  was  a  daughter  of  Jeremiah  and  Adah  (Cass)  Bullock,  of 
Richmond,  N.  H.  Her  ancestry  includes  the  following  families  :  Bullock, 
Cass.      See  Ancestry  Tables    y-j-. 

66.  VI.  134.  Lois  Pickering  [John  60'-68.  V.  29],  born  in  Salem, 
died  in  Delhi,  N.  Y.- 
Mrs. John  A.  Parshall,  of  Delhi,  N.  Y.,  her  granddaughter,  says  that 
Lois  Thurber  had  the  first  side-saddle  ever  brought  to  Cooperstown,  and 
that  the  other  women  of  the  settlement  were  frightfully  jealous.  The 
popular  sentiment  was  finally  voiced  by  one  old  lady,  who  arose  in  prayer- 
meeting  and  asked  for  prayers  that  Lois  Thm-ber's  pride  over  her  new  side- 
saddle might  not  lead  her  to  eternal  damnation,  —  or  words  to  that  efi'ect. 

I  The  date  of  his  birth  is  given  as  Feb.  2,  1773,  in  the  History  and  Genealogy  of  the 
Ballous,  by  Adin  Ballou,  p.  169,  as  well  as  by  another  authority.  On  p.  415,  of  the  same 
■work,  it  is  given  as  jNIarch  5,  1774,  which  is  the  date  given  in  the  History  of  the  Town 
of  Richmond,  X.  H.,  by  William  Bassett,  p.  284.  Emmet  H.  Paxford  gives  it  as  Feb.  2,  1770 ; 
while  John  Ballou's  granddaughter,  Mrs.  John  Wells,  gives  it  as  1771. 

^  The  date  of  her  birth  is  given  on  her  gravestone  as  1779,  per  John  A.  Parshall. 


Mrs.    Parshall   has   an    old    and    somewhat    faded    daguerrotype    of   Mrs. 

66.  VI.  134-  ^bner  Ihurber,  her  husband,  probably  born  in  Richmond, 
N.  H.,  died  in  Coopersto^vn,  N.  Y.     Residence  :  Cooperstown. 

Mr.  Thurber  was  a  son  of  Jonathan  and  Lydia  (Kingsley)  Thurber,  who 
came  to  Richmond,  N.  II.,  from  Rehoboth,  Mass.,  in  1762.^  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families:  Thurber,  Bliss,  Harmon,  Kingsley.  See 
Ancestry  Tables    ^^. 

66.  VI.  135.  Timothy  Pickering  [John  GO-68.  V.  29],  bom  in 
Salem,  died  in  Richmond,  N.  H.  A  carpenter  and  builder.  Residence : 

Mr.  Pickenng  was  a  \qvj  prominent  citizen,  and  held  various  offices  in 
the  town.  He  was  moderator  of  the  town-meetings  in  1833,  town  treasurer 
in  1830,  1832,  and  1836,  and  a  justice  of  the  peace  in  1834.^  The  following 
account  shows  that  he  possessed  many  of  the  characteristics  of  the  Pickering 
family :  — 

"He  bore  a  striking  resemblance  to  the  picture  of  old  Judge  Timothy  Pickering 
which  hangs  in  the  Old  South  church  at  Boston.  The  similarity  between  the  two  does 
not  end  with  the  physical  likeness  ;  their  mental  characteristics  apparently  were  much 
the  same ;  each  possessed  a  clear  argumentative  turn  of  mind  and  were  endowed  with 
a  forcible  use  of  language.  Favoring  surroundings  and  early  educational  advantages 
attended  the  Judge,  while  his  namesake  here  had  to  contend  with  adverse  influences 
which  may  have  hindered  his  growtli  and  development.  The  Esquire  was  always  in- 
terested in  polities ;  he  never  wearied  in  discussing  the  merits  of  candidates,  or  the 
policy  of  parties  ;  was  a  strong  partisan,  unyielding  and  defiant  in  his  opposition  to 
the  Federalists  and  Whigs ;  his  vocabulary  of  epithets  containing  the  most  withering 
sarcasm,  was  inexhaustible,  which  he  did  not  fail  to  use  when  occasion  required 
which  was  not  seldom  in  times  of  political  excitement.  In  religion  he  was  a  Liberal. 
He  was  favorably  disposed  toward  tlie  Unitarians  and  took  an  active  and  foremost 
part    in    the  formation   of   that   society    here.     He   was   by    trade   a   carpenter,    a 

»  Letter  of  Lois  Thurber's  great-grandson,  Leland  0.  Howard,  dated  at  Washington, 
D.  C,  April  16,  1S93. 

'  History  of  the  Town  of  Richmond,  X.  H.,  by  William  Bassett,  p.  509. 
«  Ibid.  pp.  250,  252. 


thorough  workman.  He  built  many  houses  and  was  the  contractor  for  building  the 
Brick  meeting-house.  Ho  was  temperate  in  his  habits  and  a  despiser  of  hypocrites 
and  shams."  ' 

His  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  graveyard  at  Richmond,  X.  H. 

66.  W.  loo'.     Martha  Kelton,  the  first  wife  of  Timothy  Pickering. 

Mrs.  Pickering's  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  graveyard  at 
Richmond,  N.  H. 

She  was  a  daughter  of  Thomas  Kelton,  of  "Warwick,  Mass.,  and  a  sister 
of  her  husband's  second  wife.     Aa-cestky  Tables  /|i. 

66.  VI.  loo\     Nellie  Kelfon,  his  second  wife. 

Mrs.  Pickering's  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  graveyard  at 
Richmond,  N.  H. 

She  was  a  daughter  of  Thomas  Kelton,  of  "Warwick,  Mass.,  and  a  sister 
of  her  husband's  first  wife.      Axcestky  Tables  y^a. 

67.  VI.  136.  Jonathan  Ingersoll  Pickering  [John  60-68.  V.  29], 
bom  in  Salem,  died  in  Worcester,  N.  Y.  A  hatter.  Residence  :  Worces- 
ter, N.  Y. 

About  the  year  1817,  Mr.  Pickering  moved  from  Richmond,  N.  H.,  to 
Worcester,  Otsego  County,  X.  Y.,  where  he  had  a  general  store  and  hat 
manufactory.  He  also  engaged  in  farming,  and  for  many  years  preceding 
his  death  was  a  justice  of  the  peace.  He  stood  high  in  the  Masonic 

67.  VI.  136.  Mary  Cass,  his  wife,  bom  in  Richmond,  N.  H.,  died  in 
Coles^•ille,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Pickering  was  a  daughter  of  Joseph  and  Molly  (Hews)  Cass,  of 
Richmond,   N.   H.     Axcestet  Tables   Y^. 

68.  VI.  137.  Sarah  Pickering  [John  60-68.  V.  29],  bom  in  Rich- 
mond, N.  H.,  probably  died  in  Barre,  Vt. 

Mrs.  Marshall's  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  Barre  cemetery. 
She  is  said  to  have  had  no  children  by  either  husband. 

'  History  of  the  Town  of  Richmond,  N.  H.,  by  William  Bassett,  p.  548. 


G8.  VI.  13P.     Xathaniel  JUarshall,  lier  first  liusbaiul. 

Mr.  Marshall  lived  for  a  time  in  Eiclimond,  N.  li.,  but  he  removed  to 
Vermont.  Pie  was  called  the  Rev.  Nathaniel  Marshall,  a  Free  Will  Baptist. 
Ancestry  Tables  ^  j,. 

68.  VI.  ISr.  Samjtsoti  Gale,  her  second  husband,  probably  bom  in 
Princeton,  Mass.,  probably  died  in  BaiTe,  Vt.     Residence :  Barre. 

Mr.  Gale's  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  cemetery  at  Ban-e. 
His  second  wife  was  Rebecca  Lawsou. 

He  was  a  son  of  Captain  Henry  and  Elizabeth  (Drury)  Gale,  of  Barre, 
Vt  Ehenezer  Broohs  Gale  [63.  VI.  13T\  was  his  brother.  His  ancestry 
includes  the  following  families:  Gale,  Fiske,  Parkhurst,  Brown,  Garfield, 
Dniry.     See  A^-cESTRT  Tables  y^-,, 

68.  VI.  138.  Samuel  Pickering  [John  60-68.  V.  29],  born  in  Rich- 
mond, N.  H.,  probably  died  in  Winchester,  Is.  H.  A  housewright.  Resi- 
dence :  Winchester. 

In  1824,  he  moved  from  Richmond  to  Winchester,  the  two  towns  adjoining 
each  other.  Here  he  lived  the  remainder  of  his  life.  He  bore  the  title  of 
captain,  presumably  a  military  one,  but  he  was  familiarly  called  "  Uncle 
Sam."  He  was  a  very  positive  character,  carried  himself  very  erect,  and 
had  quite  an  aristocratic  bearing.  He  was  a  strong  Methodist,  one  of  the 
pillars  of  the  church,  and  a  great  eshorter  in  the  prayer-meeting,  one  of  his 
favorite  expressions  being,  "  We  are  poor  miserable  worms  of  the  dust." 

He  and  his  son  Ferdinand  were  quite  deaf;  and  there  are  many  amusing 
stories  told  of  interviews  between  tliem,  particularly  in  public.  Samuel 
Pickering  gave  out  that  he  was  going  to  remove  to  Michigan,  and  wished 
to  sell  his  farm.  Having  sold  it,  he  bought  another  about  a  mile  from  town 
on  the  north  side  of  the  village,  and  lived  on  it  many  years.  The  towns- 
people from  that  time  gave  the  locality  the  name  of  "  Michigan,"  and  as 
such  it  has  been  known  to  this  day.' 

Samuel  Pickerings  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  Winchester 

'  The  above  facts  were  communicated  by  Dr.  Peirce,  of  Winchester,  N.  H. 


68.  VI.  138.  Olive  Buffttm,  his  wife,  probably  born  in  Richmond, 
N.  H.,  died  in  Winchester,  N.  H. 

Mrs.  Pickering's  gravestone  was  standing  in  18S6  in  the  Winchester 

She  was  a  daughter  of  Jedediah  and  Olive  (Gaskill)  BufFum.  Olive 
Buffiim  [(32.  VI.  US']  was  her  mother. 

Mrs.  Pickering's  ancestry  includes  the  following  families :  Buffum, 
Pope,  Taft,  Gaskill,  Southwick,  Gardner,  Frier,  Pickering,  Flint,  Hobby, 
Estes.     See  Axcestrt  Tables  y^. 

68.  VI.  139.  David  Pickering  [John  60-68.  V.  29],  born  in  Rich- 
mond, N.  H.,  died  of  bronchitis  in  Ypsilanti,  i\Iich.     A  minister. 

David  Pickering  is  said  to  have  been  one  of  the  best  and  brightest  of 
boys,  and  an  excellent  scholar.  His  appearance  and  manners  were  particu- 
larly interesting  and  agreeable.  When  he  was  about  sixteen  years  old,  he 
was  converted,  and  joined  the  Free  Will  Baptists,  under  the  preaching  of 
Elder  Nathaniel  Marshall.  The  young  fellow  would  sing,  exhort,  and  pray 
surprisingly  for  one  of  his  age  ;  but  on  going  to  Barre,  Vt.,  to  leam  a  trade, 
he  became  acquainted  with  the  Rev.  Paul  Dean,  and  was  converted  by  him 
to  Universalism.  This  second  conversion  seems  to  have  determined  him  to 
give  up  his  trade  and  study  for  the  ministiy.  In  a  few  years  he  became  a 
preacher;  and  in  September,  1809,  he  received  a  letter  of  fellowship  from  the 
General  Convention  at  Barnard,  Vt.  He  preached  in  various  places,  and  was 
very  much  admired.  About  the  year  1810,  he  removed  to  Shrewsbury,  Vt., 
and  a  few  years  later,  he  was  invited  to  settle  in  Lebanon,  N.  H.  He  re- 
mained in  this  \acinity  for  several  years,  and  was  quite  successful  in  his  min- 
istry. After  the  death  of  his  wife  matters  seemed  to  take  an  unfavorable  tm-n 
in  the  society  at  Lebanon,  and  he  went  to  Boston.  Afterwards  he  preached 
for  a  time  in  St.  Johnsbury,  Vt.,  and  then  in  Hudson,  N.  Y.,  where  he 
labored  successfully  until  1823,  when  he  took  charge  of  the  First  Univer- 
salist  Society  in  Providence,  R.  I.  Here  he  remained  some  eight  or  ten 
years.  The  society  finally  became  divided  under  Mr.  Pickering,  and  it 
became  necessary  for  him  to  give  up  his  work  in  that  city.  He  removed 
to  the  city  of  New  York,  and  became  the  pastor  of  the  society  fomierly 


under  tlie  churge  of  the  llev.  Edward  Mitchell.  That  society  fell  to  pieces 
under  his  aduiinistration,  and  he  removed  to  Western  New  York.  He 
preached  for  r.  few  years  at  Butternuts  (afterwai'ds  Morris),  Otsego,  N.  Y., 
and  in  1846  gave  up  preaching  and  went  to  Aui-ora,  Erie  County,  to  live 
on  a  farm  which  belonged  to  his  third  Avife.  In  185-4-1855,  he  was  living 
at  Alden,  Erie  County,  whence  he  removed  to  Ypsilanti,  a  few  years  previous 
to  his  death.  From  1824  to  1828,  he  took  charge  of  the  "  Christian  Tele- 
scope," published  in  Providence.  He  was  author  of  "Lectures  on  Defence 
of  Divine  Revelation,"  1831 ;  was  editor  of  the  "  Gospel  Preacher  "  in  1828, 
and  the  same  rear  published  a  hymn-book  of  no  inferior  merit.  He  was 
a  preacher  and  writer  of  ability,  and  during  liis  earlier  life  occupied  a  high 
position  in  his  denomination.  He  withdrew  from  the  General  Convention 
and  joined  the  "  Restorationists,"  so-called. 

Mr.  Pickering  was  a  pleasant,  social,  and  generous  man,  of  agreeable 

68.  VI.  IJfy.  Louisa  Bice,  his  first  wife,  born  at  Hinsdale,  Vt.,  died  at 
Lebanon,  N.  II. 

Mrs.  Pickering  was  beautiful  and  amiable,  and  one  of  the  best  young 
ladies  of  Barre." 

Ancestry  Tables  |X-,. 

68.  VI.  i.5P-.  Sallij  B.  Jennison,  his  second  wife,  born  in  Boston, 
died  in  New  York. 

Ancestry  Tables  ^^^,. 

68.  VI.  139^.  Angeline  Ch'eene,  his  third  wife,  born  in  Newport, 
Herkimer  County,  N.  Y.,  died,  in  Aurora,  Erie  County,  N.  Y. 

Mrs.  Pickering's  first  husband,  whom  she  manied  May  31,  1826,  was 
Stephen  B.  Greene.     By  him  she  had  the  following  children :  — 

Almira  Grf.f.n-e,  born  July,  1827;  died  in  infaucy. 

John  Clark  Greene,  born  July,  ISoO  ;  died  May,  1S49.  unmarried. 

Sarau  C.  Geeexe,        born  April  5,  1833;  died  Oct.  2,  1875. 

'  The  Trumpet  and  Universalist  :Ma^aziue  of  Jan.  29, 1859,  and  of  March  12, 1S59;  the 
Christian  Repository  of  Feb.  4,  1859.  and  the  History  of  the  Town  of  Richmond,  N.  H.,  by 
William  Bassett,  pp.  46.5-4Gf-),  -which  contains  a  portrait  of  ^Ir.  Pickering. 

"  The  Trumpet  and  Universalist  Magazine  of  March  12,  1859. 


Mrs.  Pickering  was  a  daughter  of  Stephen  and  Estlier  (Whipple)  Clark, 
of  Newport,  N.  Y.      iV^vcESXRY  Tables  |^,. 

68.  VI.  139*.     Lucena  Ferry,  his  fourth  wife,  born  in  Wales,  N.  H. 
At  the  time  of  her  mamage,  which  took  place  in  Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  she  was 

living  at  Alden,  Erie  County,  N.  Y.     She  removed  with  her  husband  to 
Ypsilanti,  Michigan. 
AircESTET  Tables  J^.. 

69.  Yl.  141.  Hannali  Pickering  [William  69.  V.  30],  probably  born 
in  Wiirwick,  Mass.,  died  in  Warwick.^ 

When  she  was  eight  years  old,  she  went  to  live  with  her  aunt,  Mrs. 
Abigail  Baldwin,  of  Salem,  who  at  her  death  bequeathed  to  her  the  whole 
of  her  estate,  a  part  of  which,  consisting  of  an  old  desk,  an  embroidered 
Pickering  coat  of  arms,  and  an  embroidered  landscape,  is  still  (1886)  in  the 
possession  of  Mrs.  Simonds'  daughter,  Mrs.  Clark,  of  Lynn,  Mass.  Mrs. 
Simonds'  gravestone  is  still  standing  in  the  graveyard  at  Warwick. 

69.  VI.  1^2.  Laban  Simonds,  her  husband.  Residence:  Warwick, 

Mr.  Simonds'  gravestone  was  standing  in  1886  in  the  graveyard  at 

Ancesthy  Tables  -Jj. 

69.  VI.  147.  Tamar  Pickering  [William  69-70.  V.  30],  probably 
born  in  Warwick,  Mass.,  died  in  Warwick.^ 

69.  VI.  148.    William  Pickering  [William  69-70.  V.  30],  probably 
bom  in  Warwick,  Mtiss.,  died  in  Westmoreland,  N.  H.    Residence  :  Warwick. 
He  moved  from  Warwick  to  North  Carolina,  separated  from  his  wife,  and 
finally  came  North  to  Westmoreland. 

69.  VI.  14s.     Emiyia  Owen,  his  wife. 
Her  husband  separated  from  her. 
Ancestry  Tables  ^. 

'  The  date  of  her  birth  is  given  in  the  Family  Bible  as  Oct.  8,  1785,  while  the  History 
of  the  Town  of  Pdchmond,  X.  H.,  by  William  Bassett,  p.  466,  gives  it  as  Oct.  8,  1784. 
'  History  of  the  Town  of  Warwick,  Mass.,  by  Jonathan  Blake,  p.  225. 


69-70.  VI.  150.     Eunice  Pickering  [William  G'J-70.  V.  30],  born  in 
Wcirwick,  Mass.,  died  in  Turner,  111.^ 

69-70.  VI.  loO^.  David  Battles,  her  first  husband,  born  in  Fitchburg, 
Mass.,  died  in  Westmoreland,  N.  li.  A  carpenter.  Residence :  West- 

Mr.  Battles  settled  in  Richmond,  N.  H.,  m  1819,  and  was  a  miller  at 
Sprague's  Mills  until  1831."     He  finally  removed  to  Westmoreland. 

Ancestry  Tables    J^,. 

70.  VI.  150^.  Barnes  Kuhn,  her  second  husband.     A  jjliysician. 

Ancestry  Tables 


*  The  date  of  her  death  is  given  as  Feb.  9,  1877,  by  her  son,  Lorenzo  D.  Battles,  and 
March,  1876,  by  her  daughter,  Mrs.  Eufus  Lamb. 

*  History  of  the  Town  of  Richmond,  X.  II.,  by  William  Bassett,  p.  310.